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VOL. XIX. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6,1905. NO. 50.
OVER Al LAST. Russia and Japan Have Conclud ed a Treaty of Peace. JAPAN (AVE ALL UP Rather Than Continue the War. Witte Was Greatly Surprised at the (en ereus Action of the Japs in Accepting the Terms Submitted by Him. The lone and blocdy war between Russia and Japan came to an honora ble end at Portsmouth, N. H., OD Tuesday, August 29, when the two nations agreed to terms or peace through their commissioners, which had been negotiating for about ten days at Portsmouth. The terms ef peace were settled by Mr. Witte and Baron Komura at the session of the conference Tuesday morning, and Tuesday afternoon pre liminary arrangements for an armis tice were concluded and the actual work of framing the "Treacl of Portsmouth" was, by mutual agree ment, turned over to Mr. De Martens, Russia's great international lawyer, and Mr. Dennisen, who for 25 years has acted as the legal advisor of the Japanese foreign L ffice. This happy concluEion of the con ference, which a week ago would have been shipwrected had it not been for the heroic intercession cf President Roosevelt, was sudden and dramatic. For the sake of peace, Japan, with the magnanimity of a victor, at the last moment yielded everything still in issue. Russia refused to budge from the ultimatum Emperor Nicho las had given to President Roosevelt, thrpugh Ambassador Meyer, No in demnity under any guise, but an I agreement to divide Sakhalin and re- I imburse Japan for the maintenance of the Russian prisoners were his last words. They had been repeatedly reiterated in Mr. Witte's instructions and In the form of a written reply to the Jipanese compromise proposal, they were delivered to Baron Koruma Tuesday morning. Mr. Witte went to the conference declaring he was powerless to change the dot of an i, or the cross of a t in his instructions. Emperor Nicholas' word had been given, not only to him I but to President Roosevelt, the head|I of a foreign state. When Baron Ko mura, therefore, first offered the new basis of compromise which was the complete renunciation of Indemnity, coupled with a proposition for the re demption of Saktalin at a price to be fixed by a mixed tribunal, consisting of representatives of the neutral powers, in fact if not in words, the solution cffered by President Roose velt. Mr. Witte again returned a non possumus. It was what Mr. Wit-te termed in his interview with the Associated Press, the "psycholog ical moment." Mr. Witte did not flinch. He ex pected a rupture arnd as he expressed it afterward, he was stunned by what happened. Baron Komura gave way on all the disputed points. With the precience that has enabled the Japa nese to judge the mental procees of their adversaries on the field of battle and upon the sea, they had rea!!z:d in advance that peace could be obtainled In no other way. Th'ey had warned their governments. President R >ose -velt, had also, it is teieved, advi'-ed Japan that it was better to meet the Russian position than to rake the responsibility of conrtinuing the war for the purpese of collecting tribuze. The mikado at the seslon of the cabinet and the elder statesmen Mon day, had sanctioned the fnal conces sion. When Baron Komura yielded, the rest was mere chthd's play. Articles 10 and 11, (laterned war ships and the limitation of Russia's sea power in the far east) were with drawn. Japan egreed that only that portion of the Chinese E ?stern rail road south of Chantufu, the position occupied by Oya ma, should be ceded to Japan. Both sides, once the dead lock was broken, wanted a "j ost and lasting" peace, and in that spirit it was decided to practically neutralize Sakhalin, each country binding itself not to fortify its half of the island, and Japan assuming an obligation not to fortify the L'a Perouse Strait, be tween Sakhalin and Hokkaido, which would bar Russia'b commercial rcute to the Pacific. The pienipotentiaries went further. They dEcided to add a new clause, in the nature of a broad provision for mutual ccmmercial privileges, by which each country will secure for the other the benefit of the "most favored nation clause" and the "open door." The new treaty, therefore, will be a wonderfully friendly document, of character almost to raise the suspicion that the two ecuntries have not ne gotiated peace, but have concluded the basis of a fu:.ure alliance. There Is, however, no evidence, as rumored, that any secret clauses are to be ap pended to the present treaty Before leaving the conference build-i Ing felicitations were exchanged with| the president at Oyster Bay. Both Baron K~mura and Mr. Witte tele g:aphed. The former ccntined him self to appraising Mr. Roosezvelt of the conditions upon which peace had been conelkded. Mr. Witte frankly laid his tribute at the presidents feet. In his message he said: "History will ascribe to you the glbry," and added the expression of Russia's heart~y appreciation of the president's "generous initiative-" Mr. R..osevelt replied with words of thanks and congratulation. Then began the jubilation. Mr. Witte ar. d Baron De R .sen returned to the hotel for luncheon. The Ja panese had remained at the confer ence hall to lunch with Mr. Pierce. The news that peace had been con cluded had precedted the Russian plen Ipotentiaries and suc'1 scenes of wild rejoicing have never before been wit ned a the state of New Hampshire as greeted tbe.m upon the!r arrival a the hotel. Mr. Witte, dazed at th( sudden and happy termn&tio., of th( conference was fairly overpowered b3 the tremendous ovation he received, He could only express his gratitude b3 shakivg the hands of everybody, anc in respor.se to the volley of question: fired at him as to the terms, murmer "We pay not a kopeck and we gel half of Sakhalin." A scene of the greatest excitement followed the receipt of the news ir the lobby of the Hotel Wentworth. The official bulletin was telephoned from the conference room at the navy yard by Mr. Saoto and like an electric thrill flooded through the room There were screams of jay. Men threw their bats aloft, women actual. ly wept. Then there was a rush foi the telegraph offices and in an. instant the news was speeding to the remotest corners of the earth, Mr. Witte, ac companied by Baron De Rosen, came to the hotel for luncheon. There was a worderful demonstration upon their arrival. A great crowd had gathered under the porte cochere of the anrex, where the Russians are quartered and when their automobile drew up, the air was torn with frantic cheers. Hats were thrown alort. Mr. Witte, as he stepped out of the moter car, seemed quite overceme. Too full for utter ance, he could only grasp and shake the hands that were extended to him. Baron R:sen also was equally moved and received the congratulations of the crowd in silence, For about five minutes the two plenipotentinries were kept upon the porch listening to the incoherent praises of the hotel guests. "Do you pay indemnity?" was the universal interrogation. "Pas un sou" (not a cent), was Mr. Witte's response. 1 Forcing his way to the door, Witte mcountered the members of the Rus. ian mission, who rushed forward to hake his hand. Briefly in Russian he rave them the joyful tidings. Then, s he started up the stairs, the news paper correspondents clamored for in rormation. "What have you done? How is it ;ettled?" they cried. "We pay not a kopeck of Indemni y," he replied as he tirned at the anding half way up the stairs. "We et half of Sakhalin. Tnat is the Lgreement in a nutshell." The Associated Press correspondent ecompanied M. Witte to his room. Ie had been quite overcome by the reat ovation ne had received and the ntense strain he had been under. He brew himself into his arm chair, and ,fter a few minutes to "pull himself ;ogether, " he began to speak, slowly ,nd deliberately-almost as if he were alking to himself. "It seems incredible," he said, "I lo not believe any otner man In my >lace would have dared hope for the ossibility of peace on the conditions o which we have just agreed. From ,11 sides, from President Roosevelt own to my own friends in Russia, I eceived up to the last moment, even his morning, urgent representations hat something must 3e paid to Ja At this point M. Witte, who was itill laboring under excitement, almost ost control of himself. Great Forest Fires. A dispatch from Houiton, Maine, ays forest fires continue to burn in arts of Aroostook and Piscataquis ~ountes, and will not diminish until ~here has been a heavy fall of rain. he one doing the most damage is in he woods around the southwestern ortion of Drews Lake in New Lime ick, extending into Oakland. Unless an fails soon the fire is expected to eachr what is known as the "Letter L. Woods". Wednesday night the ~ottages of Dr. innis and Frank L. yer, of E:sterbrook, and the Ingra am cottages, along the south shore f the lake, were burned. The loss was not heavy on these, as most of he furnishings were removed. Hould on and near by towns are envelopa with smoke, and have been for several a s. Fires are burning in s wamps ror many miles around Fort Faiffield. t present large fires are burning in be western part of Limestone and near Fort Fair fiAd village, but they ,re not speading much. The dry, lack swamp soil burns to the depth of two or three feet. Walked to Her Death. At Chicago in sight of hundreds of assengers crowded about the rail of the steamer E itland, a woman walk d from the partly swung bridge into the river at Wells straet Wednesday night as the bridge moved back into place, after the passing of the excur sion boat. The eff orts of a dez m life savers who leaped from boat and docks to the river were futile, as the victim failed to rise to the surface after the fall The playing of the excursion boat's searchlight about the spot and shrieks of the whistle caused much excitement on the boat and among passengers in the Northwestern ralil way depot. Scores of suburbanits missed trains while they lingered about the docks and aided in the search. Baby Killed. At Plainfield, N. J., slipping through the foot bars of his crib the baby son of William E. Chevers was caught by the throat and strangled to death. The mother entered the room and discovered the infant's plight j'ist as he was making the last feeble effort to free himself. Death came before she was able to get him out. She ran shrieking with the body in her arms, to a dcccor's ottice and swooned when informed medical attention was use less. The family was pregarivg tc move to Foxboro, Mass. Marst be Paid For. If a Chinese dies while being triec for murder the fact of his dying is taken as evidence of his guilt. He has departed, but somebody must suf fer, and his oldest son, if he has one. is therefore sent to prison for a year. If he no son then his father or ha brother gets a flogging. Its all in the~ family and somebody has to pay for it creates Terror. A violent earthquake is reported from Sultana and Palena, simultan ous with the eruption on Vesuvius and Stromboli. Many houses fell church steeples tottered and thern was a great panic. The populatiol f the villages has fled to the country A QUEER CU. Robbed Women of Their LifetimeI Savings After Marriage. .ONE HUNDRED WIVES That is the Number the Rascal Now Sought Had. lie Joined the Gang Six Years Ago, and Soon Became a Ring leader Among Them. The New York American says in vestigation of the marvelous marital exploits of Dr. George A. Witzhoff, bigamist, revealed recently tba~t there is an organied band on the East Side, numbering seventy- five members, who during the last ten Sears have married more than 1,000 ycucg women for their savings, deserting them within f a few days or weeks, according to the I length of time it took to cajols them i out of their money. The head of this combine is known t as Harry Kaufman, and when arrested t and arraigned In the E-sex Market f Court two years ago be was confronted t by twenty six wcomen who claimed t him for husband. Dr. Witzbcif, whose matrimonial c exploits were unearthed through the efforts of Miss Dora Dorf, whom he e mirried under the name of Weston, 3 j 2ined the organization six years ago, t and immediately became one of its a ringleaders by reason of his pleasing address, his accomplishments and the fact that he could speak six or seven languages, and woo in all of them. d It was found, through one of his earliest wives, Mrs. Sophie Youcker, of No. 205 Broome street, that Witz hcff has married more than thirty 1 young women whose names are known, C and probably is the husband of more d than one hundred Eist Side girls, in addition to the wives he married in. other cities. a The identificatin of Witz'ioff, as a the husband of the young women whose names were furnished by her, was cowplete, as Mrs. Youcker (the name under which Witzhoff married her) first laid her finger upon a por trait of Witzhzff, and then upon the name of each woman, exclaiming in turn: "That is the man that married that d woman." It was found that Witzhoff used the " name of Schotty, Schottle, Cohn, Kahn, Stein, Goldstein, Swartz (mar rying two women under that name,) v t Krieger, HorwiLz, Glucker and others, including the thirteen names publish ed recently in "Americtn." It was found through a woman who G recently called upon Attorney Banja min Franklin, No. 145 Nassau street, that the man's real name is Vivitz ~ hoff, and that he went under that name when living with his mother at C East One Hundred and Sixth street and Third avenue. Letters received by Attorney Frank lin from out of town snowed that the man sought had wives in Bridgeport, New Haven, Pittsburg, Hartford and other cities, and that he owned prop erty in Pittsaurg during the Lime he C lived there, and when he married a z young woman named Thorpe. t The organ;zad gang, which has been a engaged in marrying East Side young 1 women for their money, has had head-. quarters, and maintained an associa-C aion as firmly bound together as was the association of "Gendrons." They operated through the medium of ma-t trimonial agencies, or "Schatzens," who were hand-in-glove with the mem bers, and who hunted up the younga women eligibles, presenting them to the men harpies who sought their t.av. ings. Pincipal amorg these "schatzens," according to the story of some of the victims to the "American" were a Mrs. Epstein and a man named Fried-. man, whose addresses are kno wn, and whose operations will be made the subject of police inquiry. "I was married to Harry Kaufman, the ringleader of the band," said Mrs. E. Rjsenberg, of No. 7 E dridge( street, "'and gave him $25. That is all he got out of me. Tue gang mar ried more than 1.000 girls on the Etsti Side. Twenty-six women were in 1 court .md accused him of marrying them. He is now in Sing Sing." ] "I have found more than twenty girls myself that Wit zhoff, or Youker, I married," said Mrs. Youcker, "and a large number that Kaufman married. The organized band of these harpiesi numbers seventy five, and they have een operating for many years. Abovec 1,000 girls have been married and de eered by them." A condition of terror1 pervides the East Side in the district bounded by Eidridge street, the East River, Gratnd Street and Henry street. Girls who have been victimiz .d are afraid of violence at the hands of the members of the "cand," as it is cuill ed, and hesitated to betray their trouble, even on finding that they have been mulcted of their life sav ings. It is this fear that has pre vented the discoverey of the opera tions of the band before. Mrs. Anna David, of No. 29~4 Stan ton street, who was marriod by Wikz n Jf under the name of "Goldstein, " is now conducting a small and pros erous business, and would not ad mit her identity as one of the victims of theiman. In had been said in ad vance, by her friends, that Mrs. David would not make a charge against the bigamist, for fear that some of his friends wo-uld shoot her. Additional proof of the fear of the residents of the district for the mem bers of the gang was furnished when Mrs. Sophie Youcker was asked to ac comnpany an "American" reporter and Attorney Ber.jamin Franklin, to the houses of several of the women who have been victimiz -d. "I wo-uld not think of it," she cried, "unless I have proper protection. The members of the band would shoot me, f they thought I as investigrating. I will not take you to see any mem bers of the band, for I would be markel for death." She was assured cf protection. The operations of the gang were unearthed largely through the efferts of Attorney B-.njamin Franklin and Attorney Abraham J.cobs, No. 63 Canal street, who Is a member of the firm of Greenthal & Greenthal, No. 49 Chambers street, who are attcrneys for Mrs. Youcker. Numerous letters received by Attor ney Jacobs showed that a large num ber of marriages of the "Witzhoff" order have taken place among the district, and through Mrs. Rosenberg, a client, he discovered that nine of cbese girls had been married to Witz S.ff under various names. Attorney Franklin accompanied an "American" reporter on a tour of the Eist Side to investigate the report made by Mrs. Rosenberg, and an imaziug condition of things was dis zovert d. "There Is not the slightest doubt," ;aid Attorney Franklin, in the offlee )f the "American," after the investi gaticn that bad been made through ,he Jewish quarter, "that the gang 2as been operating for more than ten rears. Witztcff joined it more than ive years ago and became a leader. he gang now hclis the district p.ra 5 zed with fear, and undoubtedly has riotimized above 1,000 girls. "I believe that we will be able to Ind a large number of the women who iave been married by Witzhoff, Kauf nan and the others, but the difllcaltv f getting direct testimony, from even ihe people who have been swindled, is inderstood only by those who are 'amiliar with the resitents of the dis iricu and their reluctance to air their xiouble in court. "And I might say that the marriage >f these girls to these men, and their lesertion, is the greatest shame that an be put upon a family; therefore ,ou can readily understand why it is hat these families pocket their losses .nd suffer in silence." Constables Suspended. Gov. Heyward has suspended for 30 lays. W. J. Gideon and J. P. Harling, wo dispensary constables charged ith unwarranted conduct. The com aint was made by J. B. Herriot, a ,olumbia, butcher, who has been un ler suspicion by the constables. The wo named went to Herriot's real. once on Gadsden street and presented search warrant on the afternoon of uly 5th. Two ladies were sitting on he porch. One constable made a earch despite the remonstrances of he ladies that Herriot was not at ome. The constables had gone by erriot's place of business and had ere been told that Herriot was at a all game. Gov. Heyward acted Tues ay upon the the rccommendation of L. S. Ostorne, divis!on chief constable, rho had made a careiul examination f the circumstances. The suspen ion will last for 30 days. It is said 2 Osborne's report to Chief Hammet bat he suspected Herriot of storing quor in the basement of his residence :r Hunt Bros. Herriot, accompanied y a lawyer, presented the papers to ov. Heyward Tuesday, and Chief lammet was Instructed at once to ispend the constables for 30 days. Eov. Heyward's position is that the onstables should not have searched he place until Herriot himself was resent. They had ample evidence of is abserc3. Train Wrecked. At Augusta, Ga., City Policeman . 3. Murphy, acting as quarantine ifier, was killed oughtright, Flag ian Geo. 3. Tott so badly injured hat he died at the hospital shortly fer, and three others were slightly ojured in a wreck of a Southern rail aw passenger train on its way to sharleston within the city limits there Vednesday morning. Af ter the engine maggage car and second-class coach Lad passed the crossing, the rear vheels of the first-class coach owing o a defective switch, took a siding ,nd the car was thrown completely ver. Offcer Murphy, who had jump d and was trying to dodge, was mash d beneath the wreck. Flagman Lott's egs were cut nearly eff and he died hile they were being amputated. .e Pullman in the rear of the train ld not leave the track and none of its cupants were hurt. The injured were assengers in the overturned coach. Bory ott Faied. Consul General Simm us at New )hwang has reported to the state de armsnt as follows In regard to the >rogress of the anti-American boycott n China: "In regard to the at empted boycott made to arouse a eelog of hostilty to A merican goods, have the honor and pleasure to re ort that the movement has been a 'ailure. Several attempts have been nade to organiz3 the anti-American entiment, but each meeting resulted n stronger declaration in opposition o interfering with the sale of Ameri an goads. A number of leading Chi iese merchants assured me that they oud have nothing to do with a novement to boycott American goods md they advised their friends to re ~ran from agitating the subject." F'ound Dead. A stranger, supposed to have been L Mormon elder, aged about forty-five was s und dead in the pjwer house of rhe Bristol, Va.., Iron company late Wednesday night. He had appli or lodging there early in the evening, aying he was on his way to Gate ity, Vae., but had exhausted his ruuds. An inquest revealed that his iatha was the result of cerebral hem rrhage. A Mormon ritual and other papers faa on his person indicated that his name was either Robert C. Young, rof Three Mile Creek, Utah, or L. W. Younde, of Eslanto, Utah. One paper contained the name of Henry Halbrook, Greensbooo, N. C. The body was buried here this after noon among the graves marked "*Un known." Blowa Up. As the result of a race war at Car lisle, Ind., the negro Baptist church was destroyed early Wednesday by~ dynamite which was placed under the altar. Bloodhounds have been put on the trail of the dynamiters. Threats are bring made that If any arrests are made every negro in town will be drivn out OHIEF EVENTS Of the War Between the Rus sians and the Japanese. WHICH IS NOW ENDED. It Lasted Five Hundred and Twenty Seven Days. The First Blow Struck at Port Arthur by the Japs, Who Were Victorious in Nearly Every Battle. War began Feb. 8, 1904. Duration 527 days. Cost to Russia $1,876,000,000. Cost to Japan $1.500,000,000. Russia's casualties in battle 420,000. Japanese casualties in battle 170, 000. Russian warships lost or captured 73. Japanese warships lost or captured 12. Value of Russian ships lost $150, 000 000. Value of Japanese sh!ps lO3t $15, 000,000. Japan broke off diplomatic relations with Russia on Feburary 7, 1904, after being convinced that further ne gotiations regarding the integrity of China in Manchuria and Kjrea and respective spheres of influence in those countries were useless. The first blow feil next day. Ad miral Togo, in command of the first Japanese fl_,et, reached Fort Arthur, sent in his torpedo bats and destray ers, and during the night and early morning, sank the cruiser Pallada and drove the battleships Rauvizan and Tsarevitch aground in a badly dam aged condition. The Russians were completly taken by surprise. From that time a series Lf victor ies crowned the Japanese arms. Port Artbur was effectively blocked, and the entrance almost wholly blockmd by sunken merchant steamers. On April 13th Admiral Togo dacoyed the Rus stan flagship Petropalovsk over mines bhat had been planted and the war ship was sunk in three minutes. Ad miral Makaroff, commanding the Rus sian fleet' and 700 of his cfflcers and crew went down with her. The fam ous Russian war artist, Verestbhagin, was among the lost. Grand Duke Cyril was saved. The Japanese continued to bombard Port Arthur, and in June the Russian fleet attempted several times to es cape. In these attempts the Russian fleet was almost annihilated or driven disabled to neutral ports. With the apture of Port Arthur later on, the Russian sea power in the far E.st was reduced temporarily to zero. The sailing of Admiral Rojestven sky's vast fleet and his subsequent complete defeat in the battle of the Sea of Japan are occurrences of so comparatively recent date as to ne cessitate no review of that memora ble, but one sided conflict. .TAPS WIN ON LAND. On land tne Japanese were uniform ly victorious in the important battles. Victories at the Yalu, Kinchau, Tel issu, Motien Pass, and Liao Yanig fol lowed in rapid succession. In all these battles the fanatical bravery of Dhe Japanese won over the slow, but stubborn Russians. Tue battle of Liao Yang was the largest of the war to that time. Half a million men, about equally divided, and 1,300 guns were eogaged, and for a wcek the des prate figaiting went on. Gen. Kuroki had the Japanese right, attempting a flAnking movement; Gen. Oku- held tue center, and (Gen. Nodzu the left. All were under co:nmand of Field Marshal Oyama, Japan's greatest sol dier. Gen. Kuropaikin clung to his strong position with desperation, bringing up all his reserves. The slaughter was dreadful and the Japanese attack con tinuous. Finally, on the nigat of September th, Gen. Kuropatkin said he could hold out no longer and withdrew his weary army across the Taitse river, leaving Liao Yang in ilhmes. Con servative estimates of tue casualties were; Russians, 16,000; Japanese, 12000. The Japanese captured many Russian guns and some supplies. The siege of Port Arthur was a ang and bloody one, but the Japanese ilhal ly triumphed after a totar loss in kill-I ed and wounded estimated at 111,000| men. The Japanese captured upward' of 30,000 men and immense quantities of guns, small arms and ammunition. MIUKDEN THE GREATEsT BATTLE. After the fail of Port Arthur, Mar shall Oyama had been drawing his troops into position for the battle of Mukden, which it was real.zed, would' be the great land engagement of the war. The forces engaged were three armies of Russians, numbering 376 battalions of infantry, 171 batteries of artilrery, 178 sotnias of cavalry, numbering 300,000 rifles, 34,000 gun ners, with 1,36i8 guns and 26,700 sab ers, an aggregate of 361,500 men. It is difficult to speak with acuracy of the Japanese numbers, which com prised sixteen divisions. A division may comprise anything from 10,000 to 30,000 men. It may be assumed that they averaged 25 000, making the Japanese arms 400,000. The total forces engaged stand at the enormr~us figure of 761.500. The five armies en gaged for nineteen days, fighting over a front of 100 miles. The Russians left some 30,000 dead. They had over 100, 000 wounded and lost 50,000 prisoners, with enormous quantities of foodstuffs and war material. The Japanese cas ualties totaled 50,000. Gen. Kuicpatkin was recalled the next day. Gen. Linevitch succeeded him, but no important engagement had been fought up to the signing of the treaty of peace. The war has lasted 527 days. Its estimated c )st to Russia is vary close to $1,900,000,C00, to Japan $1,400, 000,000. The Russian looses in killed and wounded and prisoners were 420, 000; Japanese losses, 170.000. Russia lost by capture or sinking in battle 73 ships and the Japanese 12. The value of Russian ships was 8150,000,000 and the .T',anes $15,000,000. A SAD CASE. Young Bouzard, I ispenser at Fort Motte, Has Been Arrested For Being Short in His Accounts Two Thousand Two Hundred and Fifty Dollars. H. F. Bouzard, late dispenser at Fort, Motte, was arrested on Monday at the instigation of the American Surety company, the complaint hav ing been filed by Solicitor P. T. Hilde brand. He was carried before Magis trate Brunson who fx3d his bail at $2,000. Bouzard was short in his ac counts and was checked up and closed out on the 19th of last April. The prosecution has been delayed in order to give the accused opportunity to prove himself innccent of the charge as he claimed that he could do. But checks alleged to have been sent have never been received. The amount of the shortage is 12, 271.81. Bouz-rd is about 30 years of age, a very intelligent young man, and was married less than a year ago. Under the laws of South Carolina It is the duty of the county board of control to take the initiative In criminal pro. ceedings against defaulters in county dispensaries, and the complaint -. signed by H. C. Psuiing, C. A. Stro man and H. A. Gibson, members of the county board. The witnesses named in the complaint are: A. H. Dean and R. W. Nichols, inspectors; H. C. Pauling, chairman of the coun ty board; M. H. Mobley, baokkeeper in the commissioner's office, and J Fuller Lyon, bookkeeper in the State treasurer's office. The first intimation the c-filals of the State dispensary had of the irreg ularities in the Fort Motto dispensary was on March 30, 1904, when Capt, A. H. Dean, inspector, examined Boa zard's accounts. On this -occasion a shortage of over $1,000 was discover ed, but before Capt. Dean could com plete the investigation to his own sat isfaction be was called away to look after some other business of greater importance. Mr. W. 0. Tatum, the commission er of the State dispensary, detailed Inspector R. W. Nichols to proceed to Fort Motte with instructions to open every package of goods in the ware house of the dispenser at that place. Accordingly, Inspector Nichols com menced his investigation of this mat ter on April 14, 1905, at which time Bouzxrd strenuously opposed the open ing of numerous boxes and barrels in the back rows of the store room, as suring Inspector Nichols that they were "all right" because Capt. Dean had exsmined them, which statement proved to be false. In spite of Bouz ard's importunities Mr. Nichols pro ceeded to open every package in the establishment in the presence of Mr. H. C. Pauling of the board of control, who had been summoned to assist in the verification of the inspector's fig ures in the account of stock then on lian.d. Mr. Pauling, by the way, is an nle of Bouzard'i wife. At the con alusion of his labors Mr. Nichols dis covered a shortage of $2,271 81 which which increase was occasioned by his! inding over $600 worth of empty cases n the back rows. Strange to say, Bouzird insisted that he did not know ow those empty boxes and barrels ot there. This, too, in the face of he fact that no person tut himself orked in that dispensary. Bouzard did not undertake to resort o the old trick of an alleged "robbery" o cover up his shortage, but boldly sserted that his accounts would bal ance if he coud obtain credit for five emittances which he claims to hive ade by express to the State treasur s:, from whom, he alleges, he had not eea able to obtain a receipt, although e had written to that functionary in regard to the matter. When the treas rer was advised of the situation by long distance telephone, he replied that the five "remittances," aggregat ing $1,549.22, were not received and that Bouzard had been so informed. No such shipments of funds in pack ages or by money orders can be found ln the records of the Southern Ex press company. This, it will be ob served, still leaves a deficit of 8722 50. When Bouzard was confronted with this damaging evidence he stated that he had sent the State treasurer sever al hundreds dollars in checks, obtain edl by him from various sources and none of them had been acknowledged by that off..ial. At this joncture In spector Nichols urged Bouza~rd to fur nish him with the names of the per sons from whom these checks had been obtained, so that duplicates might be issued, but Bouza.rd said he could not recollect the name of a single person connected 'with the alleged check trans actions. The American Surety company of New York being on Bauzard's bond in the sum of $3,000, Commissioner Tatum sent a notice of claim in this' case to Messrs. Moss & Lide, attorneys for the bond company in Orangeburg, from which place it was forwarded to Mr. Marion M. Jackson, general at torney for the surety company with offcers at Atlanta, Ga., who did not receIve from the State the sworn state ment of loss until June 21. The delay in transmitting the formal claim was ocsoned by the confused condition of Bouzard's account. Mr. Jackson arrived in Orangeburg on June 26, at which time he received a call from Messrs. Glaze & Brantley, attorneys for Bouzardi, who asked fur ther time to enable them to investi gate the alleged irregularities in' the offie of the State treasurer respect ing the missing remittances said to ave been made by Bonzard. Mr. Jackson declined to grant this request, stating that it was a matter resting entirely with the State. It was then asked whether the sure ty comp any would remain neutral, pro viding the State made no demand for payment, until the attorneys for the accused had had an .opportunity to ex amine the books of the State treasur er and of the State dispensary commis sioner with a view to sustaining Bou zards claim as to remittances and the reducing the amount of the alleged shortage. At the earnest solicitation of Bouzard's attorneys Mr. Jackson went with them to the State dispen sary commissioner and the attorney general. Mr Jackson then stated to them the. the A merican Surety company wished to pay the claim. whenever the State askcd It, and explained that a delay bad been requested of his comp any but it had been declined upon the ground that it was a question between Bouzard and the State with which the surety company had nothing to do. and that the only course left to Mr. Jackson was to pay the claim when requested by the State and then deal with the accused. Bozard was ther given until August 10th to adjust the matter. On the latter date Attorney Moss advised Mr. Jackson at Atlanta, Ga., that Bouzard's attorneys reported that nothing practical has come out of their investigation. They found that Bouzard Lad sent five statements, claiming certain remittances had been sent State treasurer, but that none of these remittances had been received by the State treasurer, the amount of these remittances aggregating $1,549, 22. On the recommendation of Attorney Jackson the claim for $2.271 81 was immediately paid by the American Surety company to Mr. W. 0. Tatum, commissioner of the Skate dispensary. WBY THE DIFFRENCZI Some Searching Qu stons Askted the Mayor of K. wbarry. The Newberry News and Herald pro-cnds a few searching questions to the mayor of that city. "We are willing," says the Elitor, "to admit for the sake of argument that possibly our moral acumen-the right to know the distinctions between wrongs-is possibly not quite so acute as that of our distinguished mayor and for that reason we humbly implore the privi lege of making an inq)uiry without the intent of condoning wrong doing in any shape or form. We stand for the moral purity and uplifting of this com munity as strongly as does our distin guished ~mayor, that is in proportion to our ability to do so. "Now we would like to know where he draws the distinction between a little social game of cards that is not disturbing any one and betting on an intercollegiate game of baseball, right out In the open, or possibly he and his vigilant policemen did not know such a thing was going on the past summer. Is a social game of cards more heinous i his sight than a bucket shop where a man can go and gamble on the mar ket and lose from $100 to any amount before he can turn down the steps. "And has he not licensed the buck et shop to do business in this city at so much per year and does he not know that gambling is going on there every day on a large scale, and does he consider that right and proper. Does he consider this right and a lit tile game of cards so heinous that he must make an eavesdropper cut of his polidemeu to find out if gentlemen are playing a social game of cards. Under stand that we are not saying either ne is right but we are asking a high ar authority for information and to raw the distinction of moral turpi ude. "Is a man a 'gentleman' who puts ip a hur dred on the cotton market or , intercollegiate baseball game and the one who plays a social game of crds a gambler. That is the question we put to our-distinguished mayor. If ie allows and licenses the one why is e s9 anxious to rectify the other. Is It a moral and legal question or what?" We will await the answer of the may r with interest. L'ke the E litor of the News and Herald we would like o have a little light on the questions ie propounds. We are old fashioned ossibly in our~ notions, but to our nind gambling is gambling no matter where It Is done. Many Shocks. A dispatch from Portsmcuth, N. E., says a series of earthquake shocks, the severest ever experienced in this section, were felt here late Wednes ay evening. Buildings trertabled perceptibly, dishes were shaken froam shelves, and in many cases people rushed in terror from their houses ito the street. There were three istinct shocks and in each instance the tremor was accompanied by a sound like distant explosion. The irst impression was that the powder magazine at the navy yard had ex ploded, and hundred of queries along his line were received at the yard. There had been no explosion, however, and the shocks were felt along -the entire New Hampshire coast line. Dogs Poisoned. A dispatch from Rock Hill to The State says a great deal of indignation was expressed there Saturday morn ing when it was ascertained that be tween 30 and 40 digs had been pois oned Friday night. Some of the ani mals killed were valuable as pets and in the field, some of them being regis tered and others that would have been registered later. it has not been de termined whether the poison was placed about In yards where the dogs could get it or whether it was placed at some one point and was taken by the animals while rambling at night. Pathetic Case. At Atlanta Mrs. S. J. Stewart, who was In charge of the linen department at the Piedmont hotel, has been ar rested, charged with stealing linen and other articles from the hotel. It is said she confessed to a friend that she was being worked over time and took the articles in lieu of salary, which she thought cuzht to have been paid her. Tne Stewarts are said to be in destitute circumstances and the case presents a pathetic side. She waived examination Thursday and gave a $200 bond. Corpse in Well. The N~ew Orleans authorities con tinue to have a great deal of trouble with Italians in thle parishes just above New Orleans. Extraordinary efforts are made to conceal cases and report is made of a body of one yellow fever victim being thrown into a well near Kenner, in order to prevent dis covery of the cas~e. Death on the Rtail. William Hottal, aged 21, son of J. K. Hottal, of Spartanburg, was killed near L turens on the 0. and V. 0. railroad Thursday night. The young man was en route to Augusta to enter the railroad business. The body arriv ed home at 3:30 Thursday afteroon. A WILD STEER Runs JAmuck in the Streets of New York City. FINALLY SUBDUED. Baby Nearly Killed and a Boy Playing in the Street Saves His Life By Cinging to the Horns of the Infuriated Animal As He Ran Wildly On. The New York American says there was a wild steer chase, with spectacu lar features, late one afternoon on the East Side, which ended with the capture of one of the animals on the steps In front or the residence or Arch bishop Farley, at Fiftieth street and Madison avenue. The other was caught at Fifty-second street on the same avenue. Credit for the capture Is largely due the police of the East Fifty-first street station. The condition of their uni forms and those of the reserves who participated in the chase attest the part they took in the work. The buls, which almost depopulat ed the streets during their brief period of liberty,-escaped from the abattoirs of their United Dressed Beef Comp any, at Forty-fourth street and First avenue. They were frisky and care- - free, and s wished their tails as they trotted out onto First avenue. It was a few moments before their escape was noticed by the employes of the company. By the time they discovere. the loss, both steers were charging with lowered heads ap the venue, followed by a mob calling out words of warning to those In front to beware of impending danger. When the steers reached Fifty-sixth street they turned west to Second - ivenue. Children ran to cover, and women ran screaming from the path f the "cows." At S-cond avenue they turned south again. One took to the sidewalk, and bellowing with rage, spied a red para wol, which served to shade a baby car riage, which was being trundled by a oung woman. The latter saw the iteers coming, but seemed paralyzed with fear. Then Policeman Schauen )erger dashed across the street and :atching up the child, pulled the wo nan into a doorway. The enargedsteer rented his anger on the offending par isol. By this time the streets were filled with an excited crowd. Now and again ihe steers would turn upon their pur iers and the people would scatter. oliceman Sachauenberger joined in ihe hase, giving an occasional toot on 3is whistle for warning. Passengers )n passing surface cars trembled with ear. Conductors closed the guards Lnd the cars were sent whizzing away. At Fifty second street tne animals werved west again. Across Third and Eexngton avenues they went at an ~asy lope to Park avenue, where they ~rossed the bridge to Madisanavenue. 'hen began the struggle for suprem iy between man and beast. Nearby was a boy at play. The boy red to flee, but the steer was close it his heels. Tnue boy literally "took ~he bull by the horns." Thue beast toss d his head angrily, but witnesses say ~he lad held on. Then a mounted po .ceman came dashing up swinging a arat. He caught the bull, which was shrown, tied and later a wagon took t back to the slaughter house. In the meantime the other steer was rapidly nearing his end. The lamor had reached the East Fifty irst street station house, and Sergeant Bunis had dispatched all his available nen to pursue and capture It if possi ale. At Fiftieth street the baast took to he sidewalk, and had the door been >pen would have paid a visit to Arch-. oshop Farley's home. As It was he started up the steps. That was the md. More policemen came to the res ue and Taurus was pulled to the ground and tied. Bargain Seekers Hurt, At Indianapolis, Ind., fifteen per ons, twelve women and three men, were injured in arush for bargains at a, Washington street store where some kitchen utensils had been advertised or sale at a low price. Before open ng time two thousand persons be seged the doors, knocking down and trampling on each other In their anx ety to secure the coveted bargains. Just as the crowd was admitted a wo man fainted and fell. Oshers, pushed and struggling behind, knocked two other women down. Then many fell over the prostrate bodies of the bar gain seekers. When the police ar rived they were compelled to use their lubs to clear the store. Found Dead. A special to The State from Char leston says Frienge Proinge, a Nor wegian diver, was found dead in his bed at a Market street boarding house Wednesday. An attending physician gave a certificate that the man died of natural causes and an inquest was not held. Proinge was regularly em plyed by the Riverside Iron Works and he did considerable work about the harbor in examining the hulls of vessels and other work below the surface of the water. He was 40 years of age. He was without rela tives there and his body will be Inter red by the Riversid.. Iron wnrks. Killed in the Air, At Greenville, Ohio, Aeronaut Bald win of Los Antiville, Ind., was Taurs day blown to shreds as his balloon was loting in the air. He was giving at the county fair an exhibition of the use of the dynamite from a balloon for war purposes. He had three sticks of the explsve with him. When he had reached a height of 2,000 feet the dynamite accldenta3y exploded and balloon and man were literally torn to fragments. Baldwin's wife was one of the several thousand persons who saw the accident.