Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIX. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6,1905. NO. 50.
OVER Al LAST.
Russia and Japan Have Conclud
ed a Treaty of Peace.
JAPAN (AVE ALL UP
Rather Than Continue the War. Witte
Was Greatly Surprised at the (en
ereus Action of the Japs
in Accepting the Terms
Submitted by Him.
The lone and blocdy war between
Russia and Japan came to an honora
ble end at Portsmouth, N. H., OD
Tuesday, August 29, when the two
nations agreed to terms or peace
through their commissioners, which
had been negotiating for about ten
days at Portsmouth.
The terms ef peace were settled by
Mr. Witte and Baron Komura at the
session of the conference Tuesday
morning, and Tuesday afternoon pre
liminary arrangements for an armis
tice were concluded and the actual
work of framing the "Treacl of
Portsmouth" was, by mutual agree
ment, turned over to Mr. De Martens,
Russia's great international lawyer,
and Mr. Dennisen, who for 25 years
has acted as the legal advisor of the
Japanese foreign L ffice.
This happy concluEion of the con
ference, which a week ago would have
been shipwrected had it not been for
the heroic intercession cf President
Roosevelt, was sudden and dramatic.
For the sake of peace, Japan, with
the magnanimity of a victor, at the
last moment yielded everything still
in issue. Russia refused to budge
from the ultimatum Emperor Nicho
las had given to President Roosevelt,
thrpugh Ambassador Meyer, No in
demnity under any guise, but an I
agreement to divide Sakhalin and re- I
imburse Japan for the maintenance of
the Russian prisoners were his last
words. They had been repeatedly
reiterated in Mr. Witte's instructions
and In the form of a written reply to
the Jipanese compromise proposal,
they were delivered to Baron Koruma
Mr. Witte went to the conference
declaring he was powerless to change
the dot of an i, or the cross of a t in
his instructions. Emperor Nicholas'
word had been given, not only to him I
but to President Roosevelt, the head|I
of a foreign state. When Baron Ko
mura, therefore, first offered the new
basis of compromise which was the
complete renunciation of Indemnity,
coupled with a proposition for the re
demption of Saktalin at a price to be
fixed by a mixed tribunal, consisting
of representatives of the neutral
powers, in fact if not in words, the
solution cffered by President Roose
velt. Mr. Witte again returned a
non possumus. It was what Mr.
Wit-te termed in his interview with
the Associated Press, the "psycholog
Mr. Witte did not flinch. He ex
pected a rupture arnd as he expressed
it afterward, he was stunned by what
happened. Baron Komura gave way
on all the disputed points. With the
precience that has enabled the Japa
nese to judge the mental procees of
their adversaries on the field of battle
and upon the sea, they had rea!!z:d in
advance that peace could be obtainled
In no other way. Th'ey had warned
their governments. President R >ose
-velt, had also, it is teieved, advi'-ed
Japan that it was better to meet the
Russian position than to rake the
responsibility of conrtinuing the war
for the purpese of collecting tribuze.
The mikado at the seslon of the
cabinet and the elder statesmen Mon
day, had sanctioned the fnal conces
sion. When Baron Komura yielded,
the rest was mere chthd's play.
Articles 10 and 11, (laterned war
ships and the limitation of Russia's
sea power in the far east) were with
drawn. Japan egreed that only that
portion of the Chinese E ?stern rail
road south of Chantufu, the position
occupied by Oya ma, should be ceded
to Japan. Both sides, once the dead
lock was broken, wanted a "j ost and
lasting" peace, and in that spirit it
was decided to practically neutralize
Sakhalin, each country binding itself
not to fortify its half of the island,
and Japan assuming an obligation not
to fortify the L'a Perouse Strait, be
tween Sakhalin and Hokkaido, which
would bar Russia'b commercial rcute
to the Pacific.
The pienipotentiaries went further.
They dEcided to add a new clause, in
the nature of a broad provision for
mutual ccmmercial privileges, by
which each country will secure for the
other the benefit of the "most favored
nation clause" and the "open door."
The new treaty, therefore, will be a
wonderfully friendly document, of
character almost to raise the suspicion
that the two ecuntries have not ne
gotiated peace, but have concluded
the basis of a fu:.ure alliance. There
Is, however, no evidence, as rumored,
that any secret clauses are to be ap
pended to the present treaty
Before leaving the conference build-i
Ing felicitations were exchanged with|
the president at Oyster Bay. Both
Baron K~mura and Mr. Witte tele
g:aphed. The former ccntined him
self to appraising Mr. Roosezvelt of
the conditions upon which peace had
been conelkded. Mr. Witte frankly
laid his tribute at the presidents feet.
In his message he said:
"History will ascribe to you the
glbry," and added the expression of
Russia's heart~y appreciation of the
president's "generous initiative-"
Mr. R..osevelt replied with words of
thanks and congratulation.
Then began the jubilation. Mr.
Witte ar. d Baron De R .sen returned
to the hotel for luncheon. The Ja
panese had remained at the confer
ence hall to lunch with Mr. Pierce.
The news that peace had been con
cluded had precedted the Russian plen
Ipotentiaries and suc'1 scenes of wild
rejoicing have never before been wit
ned a the state of New Hampshire
as greeted tbe.m upon the!r arrival a
the hotel. Mr. Witte, dazed at th(
sudden and happy termn&tio., of th(
conference was fairly overpowered b3
the tremendous ovation he received,
He could only express his gratitude b3
shakivg the hands of everybody, anc
in respor.se to the volley of question:
fired at him as to the terms, murmer
"We pay not a kopeck and we gel
half of Sakhalin."
A scene of the greatest excitement
followed the receipt of the news ir
the lobby of the Hotel Wentworth.
The official bulletin was telephoned
from the conference room at the navy
yard by Mr. Saoto and like an electric
thrill flooded through the room
There were screams of jay. Men
threw their bats aloft, women actual.
ly wept. Then there was a rush foi
the telegraph offices and in an. instant
the news was speeding to the remotest
corners of the earth, Mr. Witte, ac
companied by Baron De Rosen, came
to the hotel for luncheon. There was
a worderful demonstration upon their
arrival. A great crowd had gathered
under the porte cochere of the anrex,
where the Russians are quartered and
when their automobile drew up, the
air was torn with frantic cheers. Hats
were thrown alort. Mr. Witte, as he
stepped out of the moter car, seemed
quite overceme. Too full for utter
ance, he could only grasp and shake
the hands that were extended to him.
Baron R:sen also was equally moved
and received the congratulations of
the crowd in silence, For about five
minutes the two plenipotentinries
were kept upon the porch listening to
the incoherent praises of the hotel
"Do you pay indemnity?" was the
"Pas un sou" (not a cent), was Mr.
Witte's response. 1
Forcing his way to the door, Witte
mcountered the members of the Rus.
ian mission, who rushed forward to
hake his hand. Briefly in Russian he
rave them the joyful tidings. Then,
s he started up the stairs, the news
paper correspondents clamored for in
"What have you done? How is it
;ettled?" they cried.
"We pay not a kopeck of Indemni
y," he replied as he tirned at the
anding half way up the stairs. "We
et half of Sakhalin. Tnat is the
Lgreement in a nutshell."
The Associated Press correspondent
ecompanied M. Witte to his room.
Ie had been quite overcome by the
reat ovation ne had received and the
ntense strain he had been under. He
brew himself into his arm chair, and
,fter a few minutes to "pull himself
;ogether, " he began to speak, slowly
,nd deliberately-almost as if he were
alking to himself.
"It seems incredible," he said, "I
lo not believe any otner man In my
>lace would have dared hope for the
ossibility of peace on the conditions
o which we have just agreed. From
,11 sides, from President Roosevelt
own to my own friends in Russia, I
eceived up to the last moment, even
his morning, urgent representations
hat something must 3e paid to Ja
At this point M. Witte, who was
itill laboring under excitement, almost
ost control of himself.
Great Forest Fires.
A dispatch from Houiton, Maine,
ays forest fires continue to burn in
arts of Aroostook and Piscataquis
~ountes, and will not diminish until
~here has been a heavy fall of rain.
he one doing the most damage is in
he woods around the southwestern
ortion of Drews Lake in New Lime
ick, extending into Oakland. Unless
an fails soon the fire is expected to
eachr what is known as the "Letter
L. Woods". Wednesday night the
~ottages of Dr. innis and Frank L.
yer, of E:sterbrook, and the Ingra
am cottages, along the south shore
f the lake, were burned. The loss
was not heavy on these, as most of
he furnishings were removed. Hould
on and near by towns are envelopa
with smoke, and have been for several
a s. Fires are burning in s wamps
ror many miles around Fort Faiffield.
t present large fires are burning in
be western part of Limestone and
near Fort Fair fiAd village, but they
,re not speading much. The dry,
lack swamp soil burns to the depth of
two or three feet.
Walked to Her Death.
At Chicago in sight of hundreds of
assengers crowded about the rail of
the steamer E itland, a woman walk
d from the partly swung bridge into
the river at Wells straet Wednesday
night as the bridge moved back into
place, after the passing of the excur
sion boat. The eff orts of a dez m life
savers who leaped from boat and docks
to the river were futile, as the victim
failed to rise to the surface after the
fall The playing of the excursion
boat's searchlight about the spot and
shrieks of the whistle caused much
excitement on the boat and among
passengers in the Northwestern ralil
way depot. Scores of suburbanits
missed trains while they lingered about
the docks and aided in the search.
At Plainfield, N. J., slipping
through the foot bars of his crib the
baby son of William E. Chevers was
caught by the throat and strangled to
death. The mother entered the room
and discovered the infant's plight j'ist
as he was making the last feeble effort
to free himself. Death came before
she was able to get him out. She ran
shrieking with the body in her arms,
to a dcccor's ottice and swooned when
informed medical attention was use
less. The family was pregarivg tc
move to Foxboro, Mass.
Marst be Paid For.
If a Chinese dies while being triec
for murder the fact of his dying is
taken as evidence of his guilt. He
has departed, but somebody must suf
fer, and his oldest son, if he has one.
is therefore sent to prison for a year.
If he no son then his father or ha
brother gets a flogging. Its all in the~
family and somebody has to pay for it
A violent earthquake is reported
from Sultana and Palena, simultan
ous with the eruption on Vesuvius
and Stromboli. Many houses fell
church steeples tottered and thern
was a great panic. The populatiol
f the villages has fled to the country
A QUEER CU.
Robbed Women of Their LifetimeI
Savings After Marriage.
.ONE HUNDRED WIVES
That is the Number the Rascal Now
Sought Had. lie Joined the
Gang Six Years Ago, and
Soon Became a Ring
leader Among Them.
The New York American says in
vestigation of the marvelous marital
exploits of Dr. George A. Witzhoff,
bigamist, revealed recently tba~t there
is an organied band on the East Side,
numbering seventy- five members, who
during the last ten Sears have married
more than 1,000 ycucg women for
their savings, deserting them within f
a few days or weeks, according to the I
length of time it took to cajols them i
out of their money.
The head of this combine is known t
as Harry Kaufman, and when arrested t
and arraigned In the E-sex Market f
Court two years ago be was confronted t
by twenty six wcomen who claimed t
him for husband.
Dr. Witzbcif, whose matrimonial c
exploits were unearthed through the
efforts of Miss Dora Dorf, whom he e
mirried under the name of Weston, 3
j 2ined the organization six years ago, t
and immediately became one of its a
ringleaders by reason of his pleasing
address, his accomplishments and the
fact that he could speak six or seven
languages, and woo in all of them. d
It was found, through one of his
earliest wives, Mrs. Sophie Youcker,
of No. 205 Broome street, that Witz
hcff has married more than thirty 1
young women whose names are known, C
and probably is the husband of more d
than one hundred Eist Side girls, in
addition to the wives he married in.
other cities. a
The identificatin of Witz'ioff, as a
the husband of the young women
whose names were furnished by her,
was cowplete, as Mrs. Youcker (the
name under which Witzhoff married
her) first laid her finger upon a por
trait of Witzhzff, and then upon the
name of each woman, exclaiming in
"That is the man that married that d
It was found that Witzhoff used the "
name of Schotty, Schottle, Cohn,
Kahn, Stein, Goldstein, Swartz (mar
rying two women under that name,)
Krieger, HorwiLz, Glucker and others,
including the thirteen names publish
ed recently in "Americtn."
It was found through a woman who
recently called upon Attorney Banja
min Franklin, No. 145 Nassau street,
that the man's real name is Vivitz ~
hoff, and that he went under that
name when living with his mother at C
East One Hundred and Sixth street
and Third avenue.
Letters received by Attorney Frank
lin from out of town snowed that the
man sought had wives in Bridgeport,
New Haven, Pittsburg, Hartford and
other cities, and that he owned prop
erty in Pittsaurg during the Lime he C
lived there, and when he married a z
young woman named Thorpe. t
The organ;zad gang, which has been a
engaged in marrying East Side young 1
women for their money, has had head-.
quarters, and maintained an associa-C
aion as firmly bound together as was
the association of "Gendrons." They
operated through the medium of ma-t
trimonial agencies, or "Schatzens,"
who were hand-in-glove with the mem
bers, and who hunted up the younga
women eligibles, presenting them to
the men harpies who sought their t.av.
Pincipal amorg these "schatzens,"
according to the story of some of the
victims to the "American" were a
Mrs. Epstein and a man named Fried-.
man, whose addresses are kno wn, and
whose operations will be made the
subject of police inquiry.
"I was married to Harry Kaufman,
the ringleader of the band," said Mrs.
E. Rjsenberg, of No. 7 E dridge(
street, "'and gave him $25. That is
all he got out of me. Tue gang mar
ried more than 1.000 girls on the Etsti
Side. Twenty-six women were in 1
court .md accused him of marrying
them. He is now in Sing Sing." ]
"I have found more than twenty
girls myself that Wit zhoff, or Youker, I
married," said Mrs. Youcker, "and a
large number that Kaufman married.
The organized band of these harpiesi
numbers seventy five, and they have
een operating for many years. Abovec
1,000 girls have been married and de
eered by them." A condition of terror1
pervides the East Side in the district
bounded by Eidridge street, the East
River, Gratnd Street and Henry street.
Girls who have been victimiz .d are
afraid of violence at the hands of the
members of the "cand," as it is cuill
ed, and hesitated to betray their
trouble, even on finding that they
have been mulcted of their life sav
ings. It is this fear that has pre
vented the discoverey of the opera
tions of the band before.
Mrs. Anna David, of No. 29~4 Stan
ton street, who was marriod by Wikz
n Jf under the name of "Goldstein, "
is now conducting a small and pros
erous business, and would not ad
mit her identity as one of the victims
of theiman. In had been said in ad
vance, by her friends, that Mrs. David
would not make a charge against the
bigamist, for fear that some of his
friends wo-uld shoot her.
Additional proof of the fear of the
residents of the district for the mem
bers of the gang was furnished when
Mrs. Sophie Youcker was asked to ac
comnpany an "American" reporter and
Attorney Ber.jamin Franklin, to the
houses of several of the women who
have been victimiz -d.
"I wo-uld not think of it," she cried,
"unless I have proper protection. The
members of the band would shoot me,
f they thought I as investigrating.
I will not take you to see any mem
bers of the band, for I would be
markel for death."
She was assured cf protection.
The operations of the gang were
unearthed largely through the efferts
of Attorney B-.njamin Franklin and
Attorney Abraham J.cobs, No. 63
Canal street, who Is a member of the
firm of Greenthal & Greenthal, No. 49
Chambers street, who are attcrneys for
Numerous letters received by Attor
ney Jacobs showed that a large num
ber of marriages of the "Witzhoff"
order have taken place among the
district, and through Mrs. Rosenberg,
a client, he discovered that nine of
cbese girls had been married to Witz
S.ff under various names.
Attorney Franklin accompanied an
"American" reporter on a tour of the
Eist Side to investigate the report
made by Mrs. Rosenberg, and an
imaziug condition of things was dis
"There Is not the slightest doubt,"
;aid Attorney Franklin, in the offlee
)f the "American," after the investi
gaticn that bad been made through
,he Jewish quarter, "that the gang
2as been operating for more than ten
rears. Witztcff joined it more than
ive years ago and became a leader.
he gang now hclis the district p.ra
5 zed with fear, and undoubtedly has
riotimized above 1,000 girls.
"I believe that we will be able to
Ind a large number of the women who
iave been married by Witzhoff, Kauf
nan and the others, but the difllcaltv
f getting direct testimony, from even
ihe people who have been swindled, is
inderstood only by those who are
'amiliar with the resitents of the dis
iricu and their reluctance to air their
xiouble in court.
"And I might say that the marriage
>f these girls to these men, and their
lesertion, is the greatest shame that
an be put upon a family; therefore
,ou can readily understand why it is
hat these families pocket their losses
.nd suffer in silence."
Gov. Heyward has suspended for 30
lays. W. J. Gideon and J. P. Harling,
wo dispensary constables charged
ith unwarranted conduct. The com
aint was made by J. B. Herriot, a
,olumbia, butcher, who has been un
ler suspicion by the constables. The
wo named went to Herriot's real.
once on Gadsden street and presented
search warrant on the afternoon of
uly 5th. Two ladies were sitting on
he porch. One constable made a
earch despite the remonstrances of
he ladies that Herriot was not at
ome. The constables had gone by
erriot's place of business and had
ere been told that Herriot was at a
all game. Gov. Heyward acted Tues
ay upon the the rccommendation of
L. S. Ostorne, divis!on chief constable,
rho had made a careiul examination
f the circumstances. The suspen
ion will last for 30 days. It is said
2 Osborne's report to Chief Hammet
bat he suspected Herriot of storing
quor in the basement of his residence
:r Hunt Bros. Herriot, accompanied
y a lawyer, presented the papers to
ov. Heyward Tuesday, and Chief
lammet was Instructed at once to
ispend the constables for 30 days.
Eov. Heyward's position is that the
onstables should not have searched
he place until Herriot himself was
resent. They had ample evidence of
At Augusta, Ga., City Policeman
. 3. Murphy, acting as quarantine
ifier, was killed oughtright, Flag
ian Geo. 3. Tott so badly injured
hat he died at the hospital shortly
fer, and three others were slightly
ojured in a wreck of a Southern rail
aw passenger train on its way to
sharleston within the city limits there
Vednesday morning. Af ter the engine
maggage car and second-class coach
Lad passed the crossing, the rear
vheels of the first-class coach owing
o a defective switch, took a siding
,nd the car was thrown completely
ver. Offcer Murphy, who had jump
d and was trying to dodge, was mash
d beneath the wreck. Flagman Lott's
egs were cut nearly eff and he died
hile they were being amputated.
.e Pullman in the rear of the train
ld not leave the track and none of its
cupants were hurt. The injured were
assengers in the overturned coach.
Bory ott Faied.
Consul General Simm us at New
)hwang has reported to the state de
armsnt as follows In regard to the
>rogress of the anti-American boycott
n China: "In regard to the at
empted boycott made to arouse a
eelog of hostilty to A merican goods,
have the honor and pleasure to re
ort that the movement has been a
'ailure. Several attempts have been
nade to organiz3 the anti-American
entiment, but each meeting resulted
n stronger declaration in opposition
o interfering with the sale of Ameri
an goads. A number of leading Chi
iese merchants assured me that they
oud have nothing to do with a
novement to boycott American goods
md they advised their friends to re
~ran from agitating the subject."
A stranger, supposed to have been
L Mormon elder, aged about forty-five
was s und dead in the pjwer house of
rhe Bristol, Va.., Iron company late
Wednesday night. He had appli
or lodging there early in the evening,
aying he was on his way to Gate
ity, Vae., but had exhausted his
ruuds. An inquest revealed that his
iatha was the result of cerebral hem
rrhage. A Mormon ritual and other
papers faa on his person indicated
that his name was either Robert C.
Young, rof Three Mile Creek, Utah, or
L. W. Younde, of Eslanto, Utah.
One paper contained the name of
Henry Halbrook, Greensbooo, N. C.
The body was buried here this after
noon among the graves marked "*Un
As the result of a race war at Car
lisle, Ind., the negro Baptist church
was destroyed early Wednesday by~
dynamite which was placed under the
altar. Bloodhounds have been put on
the trail of the dynamiters. Threats
are bring made that If any arrests are
made every negro in town will be
Of the War Between the Rus
sians and the Japanese.
WHICH IS NOW ENDED.
It Lasted Five Hundred and Twenty
Seven Days. The First Blow Struck
at Port Arthur by the Japs,
Who Were Victorious in
Nearly Every Battle.
War began Feb. 8, 1904.
Duration 527 days.
Cost to Russia $1,876,000,000.
Cost to Japan $1.500,000,000.
Russia's casualties in battle 420,000.
Japanese casualties in battle 170,
Russian warships lost or captured
Japanese warships lost or captured
Value of Russian ships lost $150,
Value of Japanese sh!ps lO3t $15,
Japan broke off diplomatic relations
with Russia on Feburary 7, 1904,
after being convinced that further ne
gotiations regarding the integrity of
China in Manchuria and Kjrea and
respective spheres of influence in those
countries were useless.
The first blow feil next day. Ad
miral Togo, in command of the first
Japanese fl_,et, reached Fort Arthur,
sent in his torpedo bats and destray
ers, and during the night and early
morning, sank the cruiser Pallada and
drove the battleships Rauvizan and
Tsarevitch aground in a badly dam
aged condition. The Russians were
completly taken by surprise.
From that time a series Lf victor
ies crowned the Japanese arms. Port
Artbur was effectively blocked, and
the entrance almost wholly blockmd by
sunken merchant steamers. On April
13th Admiral Togo dacoyed the Rus
stan flagship Petropalovsk over mines
bhat had been planted and the war
ship was sunk in three minutes. Ad
miral Makaroff, commanding the Rus
sian fleet' and 700 of his cfflcers and
crew went down with her. The fam
ous Russian war artist, Verestbhagin,
was among the lost. Grand Duke
Cyril was saved.
The Japanese continued to bombard
Port Arthur, and in June the Russian
fleet attempted several times to es
cape. In these attempts the Russian
fleet was almost annihilated or driven
disabled to neutral ports. With the
apture of Port Arthur later on, the
Russian sea power in the far E.st was
reduced temporarily to zero.
The sailing of Admiral Rojestven
sky's vast fleet and his subsequent
complete defeat in the battle of the
Sea of Japan are occurrences of so
comparatively recent date as to ne
cessitate no review of that memora
ble, but one sided conflict.
.TAPS WIN ON LAND.
On land tne Japanese were uniform
ly victorious in the important battles.
Victories at the Yalu, Kinchau, Tel
issu, Motien Pass, and Liao Yanig fol
lowed in rapid succession. In all
these battles the fanatical bravery of
Dhe Japanese won over the slow, but
stubborn Russians. Tue battle of
Liao Yang was the largest of the war
to that time. Half a million men,
about equally divided, and 1,300 guns
were eogaged, and for a wcek the des
prate figaiting went on. Gen. Kuroki
had the Japanese right, attempting a
flAnking movement; Gen. Oku- held
tue center, and (Gen. Nodzu the left.
All were under co:nmand of Field
Marshal Oyama, Japan's greatest sol
Gen. Kuropaikin clung to his strong
position with desperation, bringing up
all his reserves. The slaughter was
dreadful and the Japanese attack con
Finally, on the nigat of September
th, Gen. Kuropatkin said he could
hold out no longer and withdrew his
weary army across the Taitse river,
leaving Liao Yang in ilhmes. Con
servative estimates of tue casualties
were; Russians, 16,000; Japanese,
12000. The Japanese captured many
Russian guns and some supplies.
The siege of Port Arthur was a ang
and bloody one, but the Japanese ilhal
ly triumphed after a totar loss in kill-I
ed and wounded estimated at 111,000|
men. The Japanese captured upward'
of 30,000 men and immense quantities
of guns, small arms and ammunition.
MIUKDEN THE GREATEsT BATTLE.
After the fail of Port Arthur, Mar
shall Oyama had been drawing his
troops into position for the battle of
Mukden, which it was real.zed, would'
be the great land engagement of the
war. The forces engaged were three
armies of Russians, numbering 376
battalions of infantry, 171 batteries
of artilrery, 178 sotnias of cavalry,
numbering 300,000 rifles, 34,000 gun
ners, with 1,36i8 guns and 26,700 sab
ers, an aggregate of 361,500 men. It
is difficult to speak with acuracy of
the Japanese numbers, which com
prised sixteen divisions. A division
may comprise anything from 10,000
to 30,000 men. It may be assumed
that they averaged 25 000, making
the Japanese arms 400,000. The total
forces engaged stand at the enormr~us
figure of 761.500. The five armies en
gaged for nineteen days, fighting over
a front of 100 miles. The Russians left
some 30,000 dead. They had over 100,
000 wounded and lost 50,000 prisoners,
with enormous quantities of foodstuffs
and war material. The Japanese cas
ualties totaled 50,000.
Gen. Kuicpatkin was recalled the
next day. Gen. Linevitch succeeded
him, but no important engagement
had been fought up to the signing of
the treaty of peace.
The war has lasted 527 days. Its
estimated c )st to Russia is vary close
to $1,900,000,C00, to Japan $1,400,
000,000. The Russian looses in killed
and wounded and prisoners were 420,
000; Japanese losses, 170.000. Russia
lost by capture or sinking in battle 73
ships and the Japanese 12. The value
of Russian ships was 8150,000,000 and
the .T',anes $15,000,000.
A SAD CASE.
Young Bouzard, I ispenser at Fort
Motte, Has Been Arrested
For Being Short in His Accounts
Two Thousand Two Hundred
and Fifty Dollars.
H. F. Bouzard, late dispenser at
Fort, Motte, was arrested on Monday
at the instigation of the American
Surety company, the complaint hav
ing been filed by Solicitor P. T. Hilde
brand. He was carried before Magis
trate Brunson who fx3d his bail at
$2,000. Bouzard was short in his ac
counts and was checked up and closed
out on the 19th of last April. The
prosecution has been delayed in order
to give the accused opportunity to
prove himself innccent of the charge
as he claimed that he could do. But
checks alleged to have been sent have
never been received. The amount of
the shortage is 12, 271.81.
Bouz-rd is about 30 years of age,
a very intelligent young man, and was
married less than a year ago. Under
the laws of South Carolina It is the
duty of the county board of control to
take the initiative In criminal pro.
ceedings against defaulters in county
dispensaries, and the complaint -.
signed by H. C. Psuiing, C. A. Stro
man and H. A. Gibson, members of
the county board. The witnesses
named in the complaint are: A. H.
Dean and R. W. Nichols, inspectors;
H. C. Pauling, chairman of the coun
ty board; M. H. Mobley, baokkeeper
in the commissioner's office, and J
Fuller Lyon, bookkeeper in the State
The first intimation the c-filals of
the State dispensary had of the irreg
ularities in the Fort Motto dispensary
was on March 30, 1904, when Capt, A.
H. Dean, inspector, examined Boa
zard's accounts. On this -occasion a
shortage of over $1,000 was discover
ed, but before Capt. Dean could com
plete the investigation to his own sat
isfaction be was called away to look
after some other business of greater
Mr. W. 0. Tatum, the commission
er of the State dispensary, detailed
Inspector R. W. Nichols to proceed to
Fort Motte with instructions to open
every package of goods in the ware
house of the dispenser at that place.
Accordingly, Inspector Nichols com
menced his investigation of this mat
ter on April 14, 1905, at which time
Bouzxrd strenuously opposed the open
ing of numerous boxes and barrels in
the back rows of the store room, as
suring Inspector Nichols that they
were "all right" because Capt. Dean
had exsmined them, which statement
proved to be false. In spite of Bouz
ard's importunities Mr. Nichols pro
ceeded to open every package in the
establishment in the presence of Mr.
H. C. Pauling of the board of control,
who had been summoned to assist in
the verification of the inspector's fig
ures in the account of stock then on
lian.d. Mr. Pauling, by the way, is an
nle of Bouzard'i wife. At the con
alusion of his labors Mr. Nichols dis
covered a shortage of $2,271 81 which
which increase was occasioned by his!
inding over $600 worth of empty cases
n the back rows. Strange to say,
Bouzird insisted that he did not know
ow those empty boxes and barrels
ot there. This, too, in the face of
he fact that no person tut himself
orked in that dispensary.
Bouzard did not undertake to resort
o the old trick of an alleged "robbery"
o cover up his shortage, but boldly
sserted that his accounts would bal
ance if he coud obtain credit for five
emittances which he claims to hive
ade by express to the State treasur
s:, from whom, he alleges, he had not
eea able to obtain a receipt, although
e had written to that functionary in
regard to the matter. When the treas
rer was advised of the situation by
long distance telephone, he replied
that the five "remittances," aggregat
ing $1,549.22, were not received and
that Bouzard had been so informed.
No such shipments of funds in pack
ages or by money orders can be found
ln the records of the Southern Ex
press company. This, it will be ob
served, still leaves a deficit of 8722 50.
When Bouzard was confronted with
this damaging evidence he stated that
he had sent the State treasurer sever
al hundreds dollars in checks, obtain
edl by him from various sources and
none of them had been acknowledged
by that off..ial. At this joncture In
spector Nichols urged Bouza~rd to fur
nish him with the names of the per
sons from whom these checks had been
obtained, so that duplicates might be
issued, but Bouza.rd said he could not
recollect the name of a single person
connected 'with the alleged check trans
The American Surety company of
New York being on Bauzard's bond
in the sum of $3,000, Commissioner
Tatum sent a notice of claim in this'
case to Messrs. Moss & Lide, attorneys
for the bond company in Orangeburg,
from which place it was forwarded to
Mr. Marion M. Jackson, general at
torney for the surety company with
offcers at Atlanta, Ga., who did not
receIve from the State the sworn state
ment of loss until June 21. The delay
in transmitting the formal claim was
ocsoned by the confused condition
of Bouzard's account.
Mr. Jackson arrived in Orangeburg
on June 26, at which time he received
a call from Messrs. Glaze & Brantley,
attorneys for Bouzardi, who asked fur
ther time to enable them to investi
gate the alleged irregularities in' the
offie of the State treasurer respect
ing the missing remittances said to
ave been made by Bonzard. Mr.
Jackson declined to grant this request,
stating that it was a matter resting
entirely with the State.
It was then asked whether the sure
ty comp any would remain neutral, pro
viding the State made no demand for
payment, until the attorneys for the
accused had had an .opportunity to ex
amine the books of the State treasur
er and of the State dispensary commis
sioner with a view to sustaining Bou
zards claim as to remittances and the
reducing the amount of the alleged
shortage. At the earnest solicitation
of Bouzard's attorneys Mr. Jackson
went with them to the State dispen
sary commissioner and the attorney
Mr Jackson then stated to them
the. the A merican Surety company
wished to pay the claim. whenever the
State askcd It, and explained that a
delay bad been requested of his comp
any but it had been declined upon the
ground that it was a question between
Bouzard and the State with which the
surety company had nothing to do.
and that the only course left to Mr.
Jackson was to pay the claim when
requested by the State and then deal
with the accused. Bozard was ther
given until August 10th to adjust the
On the latter date Attorney Moss
advised Mr. Jackson at Atlanta, Ga.,
that Bouzard's attorneys reported
that nothing practical has come out
of their investigation. They found
that Bouzard Lad sent five statements,
claiming certain remittances had been
sent State treasurer, but that none of
these remittances had been received
by the State treasurer, the amount of
these remittances aggregating $1,549,
On the recommendation of Attorney
Jackson the claim for $2.271 81 was
immediately paid by the American
Surety company to Mr. W. 0. Tatum,
commissioner of the Skate dispensary.
WBY THE DIFFRENCZI
Some Searching Qu stons Askted
the Mayor of K. wbarry.
The Newberry News and Herald
pro-cnds a few searching questions
to the mayor of that city. "We are
willing," says the Elitor, "to admit
for the sake of argument that possibly
our moral acumen-the right to know
the distinctions between wrongs-is
possibly not quite so acute as that of
our distinguished mayor and for that
reason we humbly implore the privi
lege of making an inq)uiry without the
intent of condoning wrong doing in
any shape or form. We stand for the
moral purity and uplifting of this com
munity as strongly as does our distin
guished ~mayor, that is in proportion
to our ability to do so.
"Now we would like to know where
he draws the distinction between a
little social game of cards that is not
disturbing any one and betting on an
intercollegiate game of baseball, right
out In the open, or possibly he and his
vigilant policemen did not know such
a thing was going on the past summer.
Is a social game of cards more heinous
i his sight than a bucket shop where
a man can go and gamble on the mar
ket and lose from $100 to any amount
before he can turn down the steps.
"And has he not licensed the buck
et shop to do business in this city at
so much per year and does he not
know that gambling is going on there
every day on a large scale, and does
he consider that right and proper.
Does he consider this right and a lit
tile game of cards so heinous that he
must make an eavesdropper cut of his
polidemeu to find out if gentlemen are
playing a social game of cards. Under
stand that we are not saying either
ne is right but we are asking a high
ar authority for information and to
raw the distinction of moral turpi
"Is a man a 'gentleman' who puts
ip a hur dred on the cotton market or
, intercollegiate baseball game and
the one who plays a social game of
crds a gambler. That is the question
we put to our-distinguished mayor. If
ie allows and licenses the one why is
e s9 anxious to rectify the other. Is
It a moral and legal question or what?"
We will await the answer of the may
r with interest. L'ke the E litor of
the News and Herald we would like
o have a little light on the questions
ie propounds. We are old fashioned
ossibly in our~ notions, but to our
nind gambling is gambling no matter
where It Is done.
A dispatch from Portsmcuth, N.
E., says a series of earthquake shocks,
the severest ever experienced in this
section, were felt here late Wednes
ay evening. Buildings trertabled
perceptibly, dishes were shaken froam
shelves, and in many cases people
rushed in terror from their houses
ito the street. There were three
istinct shocks and in each instance
the tremor was accompanied by a
sound like distant explosion. The
irst impression was that the powder
magazine at the navy yard had ex
ploded, and hundred of queries along
his line were received at the yard.
There had been no explosion, however,
and the shocks were felt along -the
entire New Hampshire coast line.
A dispatch from Rock Hill to The
State says a great deal of indignation
was expressed there Saturday morn
ing when it was ascertained that be
tween 30 and 40 digs had been pois
oned Friday night. Some of the ani
mals killed were valuable as pets and
in the field, some of them being regis
tered and others that would have been
registered later. it has not been de
termined whether the poison was
placed about In yards where the dogs
could get it or whether it was placed
at some one point and was taken by
the animals while rambling at night.
At Atlanta Mrs. S. J. Stewart, who
was In charge of the linen department
at the Piedmont hotel, has been ar
rested, charged with stealing linen
and other articles from the hotel. It
is said she confessed to a friend that
she was being worked over time and
took the articles in lieu of salary,
which she thought cuzht to have been
paid her. Tne Stewarts are said to
be in destitute circumstances and the
case presents a pathetic side. She
waived examination Thursday and
gave a $200 bond.
Corpse in Well.
The N~ew Orleans authorities con
tinue to have a great deal of trouble
with Italians in thle parishes just
above New Orleans. Extraordinary
efforts are made to conceal cases and
report is made of a body of one yellow
fever victim being thrown into a well
near Kenner, in order to prevent dis
covery of the cas~e.
Death on the Rtail.
William Hottal, aged 21, son of J.
K. Hottal, of Spartanburg, was killed
near L turens on the 0. and V. 0.
railroad Thursday night. The young
man was en route to Augusta to enter
the railroad business. The body arriv
ed home at 3:30 Thursday afteroon.
A WILD STEER
Runs JAmuck in the Streets of
New York City.
Baby Nearly Killed and a Boy Playing
in the Street Saves His Life By
Cinging to the Horns of the
Infuriated Animal As
He Ran Wildly On.
The New York American says there
was a wild steer chase, with spectacu
lar features, late one afternoon on
the East Side, which ended with the
capture of one of the animals on the
steps In front or the residence or Arch
bishop Farley, at Fiftieth street and
Madison avenue. The other was
caught at Fifty-second street on the
Credit for the capture Is largely due
the police of the East Fifty-first street
station. The condition of their uni
forms and those of the reserves who
participated in the chase attest the
part they took in the work.
The buls, which almost depopulat
ed the streets during their brief period
of liberty,-escaped from the abattoirs
of their United Dressed Beef Comp
any, at Forty-fourth street and First
avenue. They were frisky and care- -
free, and s wished their tails as they
trotted out onto First avenue.
It was a few moments before their
escape was noticed by the employes
of the company. By the time they
discovere. the loss, both steers were
charging with lowered heads ap the
venue, followed by a mob calling out
words of warning to those In front to
beware of impending danger.
When the steers reached Fifty-sixth
street they turned west to Second -
ivenue. Children ran to cover, and
women ran screaming from the path
f the "cows."
At S-cond avenue they turned south
again. One took to the sidewalk, and
bellowing with rage, spied a red para
wol, which served to shade a baby car
riage, which was being trundled by a
oung woman. The latter saw the
iteers coming, but seemed paralyzed
with fear. Then Policeman Schauen
)erger dashed across the street and
:atching up the child, pulled the wo
nan into a doorway. The enargedsteer
rented his anger on the offending par
By this time the streets were filled
with an excited crowd. Now and again
ihe steers would turn upon their pur
iers and the people would scatter.
oliceman Sachauenberger joined in
ihe hase, giving an occasional toot on
3is whistle for warning. Passengers
)n passing surface cars trembled with
ear. Conductors closed the guards
Lnd the cars were sent whizzing away.
At Fifty second street tne animals
werved west again. Across Third and
Eexngton avenues they went at an
~asy lope to Park avenue, where they
~rossed the bridge to Madisanavenue.
'hen began the struggle for suprem
iy between man and beast.
Nearby was a boy at play. The boy
red to flee, but the steer was close
it his heels. Tnue boy literally "took
~he bull by the horns." Thue beast toss
d his head angrily, but witnesses say
~he lad held on. Then a mounted po
.ceman came dashing up swinging a
arat. He caught the bull, which was
shrown, tied and later a wagon took
t back to the slaughter house.
In the meantime the other steer
was rapidly nearing his end. The
lamor had reached the East Fifty
irst street station house, and Sergeant
Bunis had dispatched all his available
nen to pursue and capture It if possi
At Fiftieth street the baast took to
he sidewalk, and had the door been
>pen would have paid a visit to Arch-.
oshop Farley's home. As It was he
started up the steps. That was the
md. More policemen came to the res
ue and Taurus was pulled to the
ground and tied.
Bargain Seekers Hurt,
At Indianapolis, Ind., fifteen per
ons, twelve women and three men,
were injured in arush for bargains at
a, Washington street store where some
kitchen utensils had been advertised
or sale at a low price. Before open
ng time two thousand persons be
seged the doors, knocking down and
trampling on each other In their anx
ety to secure the coveted bargains.
Just as the crowd was admitted a wo
man fainted and fell. Oshers, pushed
and struggling behind, knocked two
other women down. Then many fell
over the prostrate bodies of the bar
gain seekers. When the police ar
rived they were compelled to use their
lubs to clear the store.
A special to The State from Char
leston says Frienge Proinge, a Nor
wegian diver, was found dead in his
bed at a Market street boarding house
Wednesday. An attending physician
gave a certificate that the man died
of natural causes and an inquest was
not held. Proinge was regularly em
plyed by the Riverside Iron Works
and he did considerable work about
the harbor in examining the hulls of
vessels and other work below the
surface of the water. He was 40
years of age. He was without rela
tives there and his body will be Inter
red by the Riversid.. Iron wnrks.
Killed in the Air,
At Greenville, Ohio, Aeronaut Bald
win of Los Antiville, Ind., was Taurs
day blown to shreds as his balloon was
loting in the air. He was giving at
the county fair an exhibition of the
use of the dynamite from a balloon
for war purposes. He had three sticks
of the explsve with him. When he
had reached a height of 2,000 feet the
dynamite accldenta3y exploded and
balloon and man were literally torn to
fragments. Baldwin's wife was one
of the several thousand persons who
saw the accident.