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The Manning times. [volume] (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, September 06, 1905, Image 8

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THE VERY BEST.
A Grand Tribute to the Soilders
of the Confederacy.
FOUGHT GREAT ODDS
But Always Acquitted Themselves in a
Way that Made Their Enemies Re
spect Them. Some Interesting
Facts and Figures from
Friend and Foe.
The subjoined extracts ahre taken
from the writings of Rev. J. William
Jones, who was first a private and
served In the ranks, then a chaplain
to the close of the war. These extracts
are ta'ren fIom Vol. XII, "Confeder
ate Military History." The author is
now Chaptain.General of the Uaited
Confbderate Veterans. Dunng the
war he was fittingly designated as the
"Fighting Parson." Chaplain Jones
Is a man of marked ability, with both
pen ard tongue. He is a Baptist
minist'er. In his testimony before
"the committee on the conduct of the
war," Major Geneneral Hooker
"Fighting Joe" he was affectionately
and appropriately called by his men
uses this remarkable and emphatic
language:
"Our artillery had always been su
perior to that of the rebels, as was
also our infantry, except in discipline,
and that, for reaEons not necessary to
mention, never did equal Lee's army.
With a rank and file vastly inferior to
our own intellectually and physically,
that army had, by dicipline alone, ac
quired a character for steadiness and
effliency unsurpassed, in my judge
ment, in ancient or modegn times.
We have not been able to rival it."
Now, we may fully accept the lat
ter part of this statement of General
Hooker's as to the chatacter c the
Confederate army, without conceding
that it was due alone te discipline. It
was my privilege to be a member of
the army of Northern Virginia. As a
private soldier or as Chaplian I follow
ed its flag from Harper's Ferry in '61
to Appomattox in '65, mingling freely
with the men in camp, on the march,
in the bivouac, on the battlefield, and
in the hospital. I knew its most cjn
spicuous leaders and made it my es
pecial business to know the heroes of
the rank and file. I marched with
them along the weary road, bivauack
ed with them in the pelting storm,
went with them into the leaden and
iron hail cf battle, ministered to them
in the loathsome hospitals, labored
with among them in those glorious re
vivals which made well nigh every
camp vocal with God's praises, resul
ting in the professed conversion of
over 15,003 men; rejoiced with them
In that long series of brilliant victories
which have illustrated brightest pages
of Amerlean history, and wept with
them when Lee was "compelled to
yield to overwelmning numlbers and re
sources."
Since the war I have carefully
studied the cfficial reports on both
sides and everything that has bren
published which throws any light on
the history of that army. I am pre
pared, therefore, not only to fully in
dorse General Hookers's opinion of
the infantry of the army of Northern
Virginia, but to go further and say
that our artillery, though inferior in
guns, ammunition and equipment,
was always a match for that to which
it was exposed; that the men who
rode with Turner Ashby, Wade
Hampton and Fitz Lee, or "followed
the feather" of "Jeb" Stuart, though
greatly Inferior In mount and equip
ment to the Federal cavalry, were
masters of the situation on any fair
fields; and that the army of Northern
Virginia as a whole, was, in gallant
dash, steady resistance, patient en
durance, heroic courage, and all other
qualities which go to make up the best
soldiers, not only unrivaled, as the
gallant general says, by the army of
the Potomac, but the equals of any
other army that ever marched under
any flag, or fought for any cause.
And I give equal honor to the other
armies of the Confederacy. The mnen
who defended Fort Sumter and Char
leston and Savannah and Mobile and
Fort Fisher; who fought under Albert
Sidney Johnson, Beauregard, Bragg,
Joseph E. Johnson, Hood, Stepen D.
Lee, Pemberton, Van Dorn, Price,
Diack Taylor, Kirby Smith, Forrest,
Joe Wheeler, John Morgau, and
others, were the peers of those who
followed Lee and Stonewall Jackson
and deserve cqual praise. The world
never saw better soldiers than those
who composed the Confederate armies.
But 'we must utteriy repudiate the
reason General Hooker assigns for the
efficiency of the Confederate soldiers.
So far from its being due to '"discip
line alone"-so far from its being
true that the Confederates were
"'vastly inferior, intellectually and
physically," to the soldiers on the
other side it can be abundantly dem
onstrated that just the reverse is
nearer the truth, and that the world
never saw an army composed of more
superb material, intellectually, physi
cally and morally, in all that consti
tutes what we call morale in an army,
than the armies of the Confederate
States of America.
But perhaps the best evidence of
the morale of the Confederate armies
Is their achievements, notwithstand
ing the Immense odds in numbers, re
sources and equipment against which
they fought. The population of the
Northern States was about 20,000,000,
while the population of the Confeder
ate States was only 5,000,000 whites.
There were enlisted in the Federa)
armies, as shown by the ofnaial re
ports, 5,864,271 men, while there were
mustered in the Confederate armiesa
total of only 800,000 men. The block
ade cut di the Confederacy from the
factories and general supplies of the
world and shut the South up to its
own scant rescurces; while the Feder
als had not only only the arsenals, the
navy yards and athe shops of I the
government, and the numerous facto
ries of the North, but those of the
whole world from which to draw thel:
war material. The Federal ai~nies
were equipped in complete style, thel
arms and ammuniition were of the
most improved patterns, their supplied
of every kind were abundant and ever
luxurious, their transportation very
superior and their telegraph, pioneer,
"secret service," and every other de.
partment of the highest etliciency
while the Confedrates were sadly defi
cient in all of these and, indeed,
lacked everthing save devoted patriot
lm, able leadership and heroic hearts.
And yet, with these overwhelming
odds against them, the Confederate
ame for four years maintained th
unequal contest, fought over nearly
all the territory of the Confederacy, 1
and in over 2.000 engagements, great I
and small, won many victories whi::h 1
astonished the world
In evidence of the high morale of
the Confederate army, a letter from a
gaillant Union colonel, who served to
the end of the war, is here quoted as
it was rublished in the Southern His
torical Society Papers (l. lX, pp,
142, 143), in which he says: "I take
pleasure in reading the Southern His
torical Society Papers, and consider
them invaluable. They show conclu
sively the great disparity of numbers
and the bravery and great sacrifices
of the Southerners in battling for
their principles and for what they
honestly consider were their rights.
And I take a just pride, as an Amer
ican citiz n, a descendant, on both
sides of my parentage, of English
stock who came to this country about
1640, that the Southern army. com
posed almost entirely of Americans.
were able, under the ablest American
chief tains, to defeat so often the over
wheiming hosts of the North, which
were composed largely of foreigners
to our soil." General Hockar, in his
testimony, surely overlocked this ele
ment, or he would not have testified
that the Confederates were inferior to
his people, "intellectually and physi
cally," and acquired their superiority
in steadiness and efficiency "by dis
cipline al:one."
But the point will be obvious by
citing the results of a few of the
many battles as illustrations. When
on account of the wounding of Gen J.
E. Johnson at Seven Pines, Gan. R.
E. Lee was put in command in Vir.
ginia, June 1, 1862, the situation
looked dark indeed for the Confed
erates. The capture of Forts Henry
and Donelson, the fall of New Or
leans, the capture of Nashville, Rnsn
oke island and Norfolk, gave the Fed
erals confidence of success and tended
to greatly dispirit the Confederates
The gloom had been somewhat bright
ened by the Confederate victory at
Shiloh and Stonewll Jackson's brilliaat
Valley campaign, which terminated
at Cross Keys and Fort Republic a
few days after General Lee assumed
command, But the situ-&tion was ex
ceedingly threatening, for McClellan
was strorgly intrenched with 11 5,000
men within sight of the spires of
Richmond and almost within cannon
range of the city. He had 10,000
more men at Fortress Monroe and
nas confidently expecting McDowell,
whose troops had been diverted by
the movements of Stonewall Jackson,
to join him with 40,000 troops. Gen.
Lee to oppose this strong force, after
receiving all of the reinfozcements
that he could draw from every source
could only muster 78,000 men, the
largest army he ever commanded.
And yet, with this force Lee attacted
McClellan In his stronghold, and in
"Seven Days' battles" drove him
from every position and forced him to
take refuge under the cover of his
gunboats at Harrison's landing, forty
miles below Richmond, after a sereis
of brilliant Confederate victories
which infilctcd immense loss on the
enemy in both men and material.
Gen. J. B. Kershaw, of South Caro
lina, publishe d some years ago a deep
ly interesting narrative concerning
"Richard Kirkland, the humarne hero
of Fredericksburg," a sergeant in the
Second South Carolina regiment. Af
ter the bloody repulse uf the Federals
at Fredericksturg, near the foot of
Marye's hill, they left their many kill
ed and wounded lying between the
lines, and the piteous cries of the
brave men on account of pain and
thirst appealed to the sympathies of
the soldiers of both armies.-Kirk
land went to General Kershaw, who
was then in command of the Confed
srates at that point, and said with
deep emotion :"General, I can't
stand this." "What Is the matter,
Sergeant?" asked the general. He
replied : "All day I have heard those
poor people crying for water and I
can stand it no longer, I come to ask
permission to give them water." The
general regarded him for a moment
with feelings of profouad admiration,
and said : ''Kirkland, don't you
know that you would get a bullet
through your head the moment you
stepped over the wall?" "Yes," he
said, "I know that I may, but if ycu
will let me, I am willing to try it."
After a pause the general said :
"Krkland, I ought not to allow you
to run such a risk, but the sentiment
which actuates you is so noble that I
will not refuse your request, trusting
that God may protect you. You may
go." With light heart and bur'yant
step the humane hero, armed with all
of the canteens he could carry filled
with weer, crossed the wall, went
unharmed lirough the shower of bul
lets, which at first greeted him, and
reached and relieved the nearest suff
erer, pouring down his parched throat
he life-giving fiaid, putting him in a
more comfortable position, and leav
ing him a canteen filled with water.
His purpose now being apparent, the
Federals ceased to fire on him, and
for an hour and a half, amid the
plauits of both armies, this angel of
mercy went on his mission from man
to man of the wounded enemy-his
comrades gladly filling his canteens
fr him and being prevented from
joining him in his labor of love only
by the orders against their crossing
the line-until all on that part of the
field had beer' relieved, It needs only
to be added--since "the bravest are
the tenderest and the loving are the
daring"-that Sergeant Kirkland so
greatly distinguished himself at Get
tysburg that he was promo' d for
"conspicious gallantry," and that he
fell on the victorious field of Chicka
maua, bravely doing his duty. But
e will be known in the annals of the
war as "The humane hero of Freder
ickburg," and as he had but a short
time before found "Christ in the
Camp," I doubt not that he wears
now a bright crown bestowed by Him
who promises that a cup of cold water
given in the right spirit shall not
lose its reward.
As for the treatment of prisoners,
despite all of the slanders that were
published against the Confederacy and
are still unjustly repeated the fact re
mains that Confederate records have
-te n searched in vain for proof that
the Confederate authorities ever or
dered or connived at any ill-treatment
of prisoners. The Confederates did
everything in their power to mitigate
the suffering of prisoners and made
varicus humane propositions to that
-end, which were rejected by the Fe d
erals; and while the sufferings of pris
oners were very great and the mortal
ity among them fearful on both sides,
yet the oti~-al reports of E. M. Stan
ton, United States secretary cf war,
-.and J. K. Barnes, surgeon-general,
show that nearly four per cent more
Confederates perished in Northern
prisons than Federals in Southern
-prisons, and this notwithstanding the
,1fact that the Confederacy was defi
cient in food, raiment and medicines
for even its own soldiers, while the
fiies. The truth is that our Chris
ian Presidcnt, Jt t2rson Davis, and
its generals conducted the war on
he highest plane of civilizition: that
,ur rank and file caught their spirit
md stowed in this, as in other direc
ions, their peculiar and lofty morale.
rhe great English scholar and p-et,
Prof. P. S. Woseley, wrote the truth
n lines of blended strength and beau
n his poem dedicated to Gen. R. E.
[ee, in which he tbus refe-s to the
outhern Confederacy:
'Ali realm of tombs: but let her bear
This blazon to the Aast of times:
No nation rose so white and fair,
Or fell so pure of crime."
MB)5 TWO LIVIS.
& Barb r Kills His Wife and Then
Commits Saicide.
After cutting his wife's throat with
a razor and while her dead body was
lying on the floor, William Washing
ton, a negro barber, who lived at 1
Greena street, cut hisown throat with
the same razor Wednesday night about
11 o'clock and fell dying by the wo
man's side.
The double tragedy ceourred In a
three-room house on the portion of
Greene street which passes through
Darktown.
Neighbors heard the couple quar
relling and later heard a fall. A sis
ter of Washington, who lived across
the street, went to the house and
when she opened the front door she
saw Susie Washington lying dead on
the floor with a gash across her throat,
and the man lying by her side, with
his throat cut and gasping for breath.
He died before the hospital ambalance
reached the scene.
Call Oflers Dorsett and Pharr in
vest'gated the affair. They ascer
tained that Washington, who had
been working in a barber shop on De
catur street, separated from his wife
several montbs ago. Wednesday night
he went to his wife's house and found
her alone.
Exactly what occurred could not be
known, but from the condition of the
rooms, the ciffisers believe that Wash
ington cut his wife's throat as he held
her on a bed in the middle of the
room. She tried to run and fell in
the doorway leading into the front
room. Washington must have step
ped over his wife's dead body and
when in tha iont room drew the
razor across his own throat. He fMl
with his head near that of his wife.
The police at first believed there
had been a double murder, but a
search revealed the razor with which
the crime and suicide had been com
nited. It had fallen from the man's
band and lay a few feet from his
body, dyed red with the blood of him
self arid wife. Tae razor was one
which Washington used at the barber
shop.
The coroner was notified and he di
rected the police to remove the bodies
to the rooms of a negro undertaker.
An inquest was held Thursday morn
ing. Washington was well known in
the city, having been a barber here
for several years.--Atlanta Constitu
tion.
SEPIXN.BBE WXATHEE.
R: cords of the Local Weather Bu
reau for Eighteen Years.
The following data, covering a pe
rnod of 18 years, have been compiled
from the weather bureau records at
Columbia. They are issued to show
the conditions that have previled,
during September, for the abive pe
riod of years, but must not bs con
strued as a forecast of the weather
conditions for the comning month.
Temperature: Mean or normal tem
perature, 715 degrees; the warmest
month was that of 1900, with an av
erage of 79 degrees; the coldest month
was that 1888, with an average of 72
degrees; the highest tempera'Wue was
104 degrees, on Sroptember 18, 1896;
the lowest temperature was 42 de
grees, on September 30, 1888; the
earliest date on which the first kiling
frost occurred autumn, Oct. 19, 1896;
average date on which first killing
frost ceurred in autumnn, November
8th; average date on which last kill
ing frost occurred in spring, Marca
23d the latest d'ate on which last kill
ing frost occurred in spring, April 17,
Precipitation (rain or melted snow):
Avrage for the month, 4 12 inches;
average number of days with .01 of
an inch or more, 8; the greatest
montly precipitation was 7.09 inches
In 1890; the least monthly precipita
tion was 0.56 inches in 1887; the great
est amount of precipitation recorded
in any 21 consecutive hours was 4 90
inches on September 17th, 18th, 1901;
the greatest amount of snowfall re
corded in any 24 consecutive hours
(record extending to winter issk 85
only) was none Inches.
Clouds and weather: Average num
ber of clear days, 13; partly cloudy
days, 10; cloudy days, 7,
Wind: The prevailing winds have
been from the northeast; the av
erage hourly velocity of the wind is
eight miles per hour; the highest ve
locity of the wind was 53 mIles from
the southwest on Septe-nber 30, 1902.
Foolish Boys.
At Santa Fe, N. M., two youths
named Jose Martinez and Hudore Rto
mero have been killed by the explo
sion of a box of dynamite they used
for a target. The boys were rabbit
hunting- Not finding any game,
when they reached the powder house
of the Denver and Rio Grande rail
way near Chama, they set up a box
of dynamite as a target. The box
contained 400 pounds of the explosive
and it's explosion set cff four tons of
powder. In Chama many window
panes were broken.
Badly Stung.
In an effrt to rescue her cow which
had been attacked by bees Mrs. Bert
Goodrich, of Davenport Centre, had a
narrow escape from being stung to
death. The cow, which was tied to a
stake by a long rope, upset a hive of
bees and the insects attacked the ani
mal. Mrs. Goodrich rushed from the
house with a nzor and severed the
rope, but the bees fell upon her so
iercely that neighbors had to rescue
her. Scores of bees were taken from
he woman's hair and one was found
in her ear.
Many Lost.
The correspondent of the London
Dtily Telegragh at Leghorn sends a
report received from Nsgaski of the
overtaking of a hundred fishing boats
by a hurricane off G-oto Island (belong
ing to the Japanese archipelago in
the channel of Korea:) The report
says 400 men are missing and it is
feared they have been drowned.
Sailor Kills liimself
Guy Earle Howett, a yoeman on the
rceiving ship Franklin, at the Nor
flk navy yard, committed suicide
Tuursday by shooting. No explana
innon sgiven.
TPJPE ALLIANCE
Suggezted Between Frarce, Fngland
and the United States.
Such A Combination Would Be Most
Pcwerful and Dictate the Pol
icy of the World.
The most interestlng idea which
has occupied the attention of the di
plomatic word for a long time past is
the suggestion, mooted a few days ago
by an influential New York newspaper
of high standing to the effect that the
time was ripe for the formation of a
new triple alliance, the high contract
ing parties to which sh u'd ba Great
Brtian, Frenceand the;United States,
says H. C. Wilson in The London Ex
press.
The idea is not quite a new one,
but its novelty consists in the fact
that it was put foward at a time when
the relations beteewn the three coun
tries are of an unusually cordial char
acter, and by a sober and frequently
inspired journal. It is probably very
much "in the air" at present, but its
possibility is not so remote, and its
importance is so great that it is at
least worthy of serious consideration.
With the adhesion of Japan practi
cally assured the combination would
be one of such enormous power that it
almost amounts to a truism to say
that it would insure the peace of the
world. It effects may perhaps best be
shown by a few c..mparative tables
which will reveal some startling facts.
Sq Miles.
The British Empire.... .. 12,750,000
France and her possessions 5.000.000
The United States........ 3,145,000
Total............ ..20 895,000
When it is stated that the total
I land area cf the world is computed to
be 197.000,000 square miles, the Im
portance of the above figures will be
appreciated.
The enormous area of the British
dominion-easily the greatest empire
in the world-was stated in the house
cf lords only a few days ago to be 12*
millions of square miles, although in
books of reference it is placmd some
what lower than this. T.ie joint ter
ritory would constitute more than
one-tenth of the total land surface of
the globe.
POPULATION.
The British Ettp're...... 400,000,000
France and her possessions 90,000,000
The United S:ates...... 83,000,000
Total..............573,000,000
In round figure6 the total popula
tion of the earth is 1,500,000,000. so
that the subjects of the new alliance
would number more than one-third
f the world's inhabitants.
The armed strength of the alliance
would be s.upendous, and It would be
practically impossible for any combi
nation of the world powers to bring to
bear a force capable of even threaten
ing it seriously.
FIGHTING PoWER.
Men. Guns.
The British Empire 1,000,000 12,000
France arnd her pos
sessions........ 3 500,000 5.000
The United States.. 200,000 500
Total.... .....-4,700,000 17.500
In compiling the above, the whole
strength of the armiss has been taken
into Account. Thus that of Great
Britlan includ.-s the regulars, reserves,
militis, vjiunteers, the troops in In
dia, an~d all the native coknial forces.
The Uaited States army is almost in.
significant In comparIson to that of
France, but 200,000 pertectly trained
men constitute a force that Is not to
be ignored.
GIGANTIC NAVIEs.
When we come to the navies of the
three powers, the sverwhelming force
of the combination is more strikingly
apparent.
G. B. France. U. S.
Battle ships. .. 67 36 26
Cruisers........130 26 44
Torpedo craft.240 284 51
Submarines... 40 69 4
Total....... 477 454 125
Total ships 1,056
These figures include battle ships
crusery, and submarines now building
of the tree powers, and this vast com
bined navy would be manned by,
r'ughly, 630,000 men. The similarity
Iin the total number of ships possessed
by Great Britain and Franze will be
seen to be due to the fact that France
has a large excess of torpedo craft and
submarines, but the total fighting
weight Is much in favor of this coun
An examination of these figures
shows that Great Britlan, when her
b-iiding programme Is completed,
will possess 197 battle ships and
cruisers, France 101 and the United
states 70. This is a much greater
force of heavy fighting ships than the
rest of the world could muster alto
gether. Germany, when her naval
plans are comple, will only have 87
battle ships and crusiers of all types.
COLOSSAL WEALTE.
The combined income which the
three allied power~s would enjoy
amounts to the tremrendrous sum of
392,545,000 a year. The individual
revenues for the year 1904 (excluding
colonies) were as follows:
Great Britain ........141,545.000
France............... 143,000,000
United States...... ..108,000,000
Total.. ..........?392,545,000
As against this they have national
debts amounting to tube almcst in
credible sum of 2,170 millions of
pounds, which France's share is by
far the largest:
Great Britian .... ..? 750,000,000
France.. . .... .. .... 1,220,000,000
United States.........200,000,000
Total........... ?2,170,000,000
The shipping controlled by the
three powers constitutes two-thirds
of the total shipping of the world.
Worked out in tons, it is as follows:
Great Britlan.......... 12.000,000
France...............--1,200,000
Ui:ted States............5,198,000
Total....... .. ...... 18.398,000
These are but rough calculations,
and touch only the fringe of the prob
lem. The power of nations consists
not only in ships, men and money,
but in the volume of their trade and
commerce, and to eume: into details
of these would require much more
space than is now at my disposal.
In Eruption.
Mount Vesuvius is In full eruption
and Is throwing out an enormous
mass of lava. Deep rumblings aer
heard In the Interior of the crater
and lava Is flowing down the right
side of the cone. The ancient crater
is the island of Stromboli, is also in
full eruption. Panic prevails in the
vin aem arond the volcano.
WrNI' TO AISON
Rather than Expose a Weak Woman
to her Busband.
A New York dispatch to the Balti
more American says:
Carl Fisher Hanson. a millionaire
philanthropist and lawyer, in his
office at 346 Broadway, today reveal
ed a strange story of love, devotion
and self-sacrifice to save a woman's
name.
Mr. Hanse; absolutely refused to
divulge the names of the parties in
the tragedy. It was learned, however
that a young and pretty woman,
dressed in black, called at his office at
an eariy hour to day and requested an
interview with Mr. Hansen on import
ant business. She was ushered into
Mr. Hansen's private office and, amid
sobs, told Mr. Hansen a romantic
story.
"I hiva come toyou," she said, "to
secure the pardon of a man who I
know is innocent and who is now serv
ing a sentetce of three years in Sing
Sing on the charge of attempted
burglary.
"He went to prison to save my
honor. He is innocent, and now that
my husband is dead I want to try and
have him righted in the eyes of his
friends and the public, because what
he did was done for my sake." -
According to the wcmsn'3 story
the man was arrested a year ago. He
had called upon her at her home dur
ing her husband's abseEc3. Her hus
band unexpectedly retu:ned, and, did
ing the man in his room, made a rush
for him. The young man bolted for
the door, but the husband, who was
a much bigger man, grabbed him.
The husband shaking the intruder
by the collar, said: "What are you
doing here?"
The y oung man thought a minute
and then said impressively: "I am a
thief. Lock me up."
The husband called a policeman and
the man was taken to the station
house L)ter he was indicted and
taken to court. When arraigned the
young man said: "Your Honor, I am
guilty. I entered that house for the
purpose of robbery and I was caught.
That's all."
He was subsequently sentenced to
three years in Si ig Sing at hard labor.
Tae young woman was greatly ex
citel, and fainted when she reached
the end of her strange tale. On re
viving she begged Mr. Hansen to
make an Effart to have this man
pardoned.
"I will do anything,"- she said,
"suffer any disgrace, if you will only
petition the governor to pardon this
man, who has suffered all this humil
iation to save my honor. I couldn't
confess then; but now, that my hus
band is dead, -I am willing to do any
thing to have him pardoned."
Mr. Hansen, while declining to give
the name of the woman or the con
vict, said: "I will certainly do every
thing in ny power af ter I investigate
the story of this young woman to
have this man pardoued, I don't
dotubt the young woman's story in the
least, and I will certainly ijetition
Gvrnor Higgins in the hope that I
may have tbis young manl, who so
willingly sacrificed himself to save a
woman's honor, pardoned at once."
The prisioner, said Mr. Fisher- Han
seo, was a young college student, who
disappeared from one of the colleges
when he was arrested.
"I will not say whether it was Har
ard, Yale or Princeton,'' said the
lawyer, "No one has ever known
what became of him, as he was tried
and sentenced under an assumed
name.
"The woman intb.e case has also
peid a penalty for her iud.scretion, as
a servant who knew of the aff~ir has
collected $86,000 in blackmail from
er within a few years. She Is a
member of one of the best of the old
families of New York, and her late
husband owned several factories in
New Jersey."
Charged to Carelessness.
The findings and opioan of the
court of ir-quiry which investigated
the fatal explosion on the gunboat
Bennington has been made public by
Secretary Bonaparte. The court ex
presses the opinion that the explosion
was caused by excessive steam pres
sure in her boilers, resultiog from
closing the steam valve connecting
with the guage. The court says that
D. N. Holland, the fireman on duty
closed the valve. Tne court finds En
sign Charles D. Wade of the engine
department of the ship at fault in ftail
ing to see that the steam and safety
guage valves were closed at the proper
time, having accepted the report of
subordinates that this had been done
in March. He was declared negligent In
the performance of duty and that he
should be brought before a court
matial.
Blown to Pie c.'s.
Three Slays and an Italian were
blown to pieces by the premature ex
plosion of a blast near Safe Harbor,
Pa., Thursday night. Another Slav
is missing and is believed to have been
blown into the Susquehanna river,
and two Slays and a negro were badly
injured. The men were engaged in
loading a blast hole 50 feet deep and
bad just placed in the dynamite and
detonating cap. It is supposed the
tamping rod struck this cap. The
concussion explcded a similar charge
only four feet away.
Georgia Is Prospc riog.
The state tax returns for Georgia
have increased $33,903,871 to date.
One hundred and twenty-two counties
have sent in their digests and only
tif teen more remain to be heard from.
The counties which have not yet sent
in their digests are Bald win, Burke,
Cobb, Early, Floyd, Franklin, Glynn,
Greene, Gwinnett, Lee, Marion, Tat
nal, Walton, Ware and Wayne. Capt.
Harrison of the comptroller's office
states that in his opinion the increase
will reach $40,000,000.
Trial Set F~or Beerlackers
October 2 Is announced as the trial
day in Chilcago for twenty- four pack
ers and lawyers and five corporations
indicted on charges of combining in
restraint of commerce, accepting re
bates and interfering with government
witnesses. Between fifteen and twenty
fresh subpoenas returnable on the date
named were secretly issued Saturday.
The issuance of the papers came as a
surprise to most of the packers.
Three Barned.
Mr. and Mrs. E. I. Martin and child,
of Boston, Saturday lost their lives in
a f re which destroyed the Marana
cook Hotel at Lake Maranacook,
Maine. Five other persons were
burned or otherwise mnjured, none
fatally. Over eighty guests and em
ployees escaped in night attire, many
leaping from windows. The fire was
probably caused by a defective chim
ney. The hotel Is a wooden structure,
twenty-sven years old.
ONLY TWO 61Urni
k Terrible Tale of the Storm King's
Awfal Anger.
rw.a Sailors Brave the Waters in a
Small B3at and Reach
Fernandina Safely.
Twenty men, constituting all but
wo of the cfders and1 crew of the
American steamship Paconic, bound
from Pailadelphia to New Orleans
with coal, were drowned by the sink
!ng of that vessel off the coast of
Florida Monday. The disaster was
the result of a fierce gale which raged
along the coast during the night and
early morning. Lashed by the storm,
an immense wave struck the vessel
with terrific fcrce about 12.30 o'clock
Monday morning.
The impact, coming just as the ves
sel was making a turn, caused a shift
of the cargo and the vessel careened
and sank immediately. The accident
occurred so quickly that only two of
those aboard her, an Italian and a
Spaniard, were able to save them
sevT.s. They, succeeding in getting
into a life boat, reached Amelia Beach
about noon and on landing told the
story of the disaster.
After midnight of Sunday, doring
the heavest part of the storm which
bad raged all day, the cfdfier of the
deck gave the order to put further cut
to sea, fearing they were approaching
the c-ast too nearly. In the endeavor
to turn the ship was stiuk with a
heavy sea, the cargo shifted, giving a
broadside., and she began sinking rap
idly. In less than ten minutes af ter
the alarm was s u ded she had gone
to the bottom and no trace of her
was left upon the waters. The account
of their own miraculous escape out 01
all the ship's cre w who went down was
something marvelous to hear.
One of these men was at the wheel
at the time the order was given; the
other was on watch. As soon as the
shp began to careen these two men
rushed for one of the small boats,
which they jumped into as the vessel
began to g6 down. With their knives
they severed the ropes as the water'.
level was reached and the small boat
was thrown far out on the waves Tne)
futhermore say that they discovered
through the blacaness and storm the
figures of part of the awakened crew
who, some of them, managed to ci owd
into another Uf the ship's boats. Talis
was, however, caught in a trough of
the sea, thrown violently against the
ventilators and then wedged felt
Their pitiful cry for help could be
heard as the ship went down in the
sea, which swallowed her up.
Alone throught the balance of the
night in the awful wash of waters,
with the storm raging and threaten
ing each moment to swamp their smaL
boat, these two men were gradualli
borne ashore toward Amelia Island
landing j-:st at 11 a. m , Mondey.
Their condition was pitiable, with all
the marks of a savage battle amid
tempestuous seas, clothitng torn off and
death or shipwreck staring them in
the facrs. The men, whose names
are respectively Bagellini Humberti
and Antonio Clark, were unable te
speak out of their nativetongues and
it was some time before the facts of
the disaster were thorougrhly ascer
tained. Tney have testified to the
correctness of the above report bef ore
a notary public and the community
there kindly cared for their wants.
INDIANA MAGJETIO IILD.
Territory in Which Lightning Cuts
-:Up Many Queer Pranks.
A mysterious magnetic fi 11 In the
southwetern part of Lake county is
attracting no little attention amcng
looal scientific minds and arousing
much interest b-cause o: q'ieer pranks
cut up by lightning in that neighbor
hod. The territory covered by the
strange and weird electrical manifes
tations enrbraczd only a few eq-iare
miles in West Creek township, one of
the scuth tier of townships, and Is lo
cated a few miles north of the great
Kankakee marshes. More havoc is
created annually in this one spot,
with a radius of less than two miles,
than in any four entire countries in
this part of the state.
Every thunderstorm in the vicinity
is sure to pass over the spot, no mat
ter in what direction the wind may
lie, and Its passage is sure to be mark
ed by terrific bursts of lightening. At
night time the displays are at times
grand and magnificent, yet terrifying
to the bravest heart and extremely
dangerous. Bolt after bolt of molten
fire Is shot from heaven to earth,
lighting the country up for mileE
with a dazzling glare of light. Sa
much havoc has been wrought by
lightning that some insurance com
panies refuse risks in the district and
ohers are about to impose additiona]
rates to cover the extra cost.
Four large hay barns within a halt
mile radius were struck Monday and
burned, causing a loss of 81,200. Only
one of these, that of Henry Brant,
was insured, and i'n only for about
half its value. The others, belonging
to Volner Foster, William Hatton and
Jamies Haydzn, were uninsured.
It has been found impossible tc
keep a telephone service in operation
in the terrirory, as every storm that
passes leaves wreeked lines and black
eed and shattered polee as a remind
er of the lightning's wraoh.
:Numerous horses and cattle have
been kifled, and there is not a build
ing or a tall tree that does not bear
evidenes of the destructive forces of
nature's electrical energy. Three fa
talities have occured in the last three
years, and every inhabitant cf the
spot has left the lightnin~g force to a
greater or lees degree. It Is said that
a wireless telegraph would be inoper
ative and messages Intercepted by
the weird forces that seem to lie con
cealed in the ground. Even in fair
weather a telephone system usingsthe
the ordinary grounded wires Is usdless
and even a metalic circuit is operate d,
tui the most plausible one seems to
be that a large body of strong mag
netic ore crops out near the surface
and attracts the electrical forces 01
the clouds. Another theory is that
a large body of motoric ore lies In
this neighborhood and is the attract
ing medium.
Robbed the Priest.
At Cleveland, Ohio, u;on the state
ment made to the police by Rev. Ben
edict Rlasinskl, a Catholic priest of
St Stanislaus' church, that he had
been beld a prisoner for twenty-four
hours, without food and forced to
sign two notes for $500 each, and two
checks for like amounts, which had
been since cashed, besides being rob
bed of $30 and some jewelry two men
and a woman were arrested Saturday.
The woman is said to have lured the
priest to her room by pretending to
be Ill and in need of spirItual consola
tion and the men are said to have
rushed in upon them, and held Rev.
Rosinki a prisoner until he had satis
mile their deannds.
WHAT NE WANTS.
Mr. Ansel Defines His Position
on the Dispensary Issue.
AVOWED CANDIDATE
For Governor Says lie Is Opposed to the
System of a State Dispensary. But
Favors Local Option and Coun
ty Dispensaries, and Op
poses High License.
To the E litor of The State:
I have re .ived many inq'iries as to
my views of the liq ir q testion in
South Carolina, and the bist way of
dealing with that all absorbing qus
tion, dispensary or no dispensary, and
I take t'Jls msans of stating my p031
ticn.
Ia the first p'ace, I am oppised to
the system of a State dispensary. I
once thought it was the best solution
of the Lquor qestion, because I
thought it would minimize and de
crease the sales of liq aors in this State,
but wben we consiaar that more than
83.000 000 worth of wuiskey has been
sold by the various dispensaries of the
State the past year, my hopes have
been disappointed; and it appears to.
me that some other method should be
adopted.
Ia the second-plade, I am in favor
of local e uaty option, as between
prohibition and cunty dispensaries;
that is, I am in favor of any c uaty
in the State toting upon the question
as to whether they wish prohibition
for that county, or whether they wish
county dispensaries. If a majority of
the qualified voters of the c unty d -
sire prohibition for that particular
county, then I am one who believes
that they should have it, and I fur
ther believe that the g~od peopie of
such county will see to it thav the
prohibition law is enforced.
If the vote of any county should be
in favor of the sale of liqur in that
particular county, then I favor a law
providmg for a county dispensary
with a board of contral of three mem
oers, to be appointe1 by the governor
of the State, wbtca county board shall
have control of tle purchase of li.
qaors fir the caunty dispensaries, the
appointment of dispensers. fix:ng their
salaries, etc , all sales to be made
under the rules and regulations as
may be thorgut wise by the legisla
ture.
I am opposed to beer dispensaries,
as I thing that b2er when sold at all
should be sold in the regular county
dispensaries.
I favor a strirgent law against the
unlawful sa'e of liquor. My experi
ence of 12 years as one of the solicd
tors of this State has cor~vinced me
that .whatever system may be adopt
ad, that unlawful sales will be made
by sorte. It is, therefore, nEcessa3 y
that stringent laws should be passed
to puoish the "blind tigers," those
who sell unlawfully.
Make it the duty~ of all sheriffs, dep
'.ty sherifs, magistrates, c~nstables,
polic :men and town marshals to see
Ghat the law against tbe unlawful sale
of liquor is rigidly enfo;c.d in their
counties, cities and towns, and It
m'gt t be well to give them balf of the
ines that are collected fro~m thes';
ccnv~cted, through the agency of such
:ficers, of the offense of unlawful
sales, transportation, or making of
whiskey.
The county boards of control should
be required to make report to the
presiding judge at each term of the
court of general sessions for their re
spective counties, showing the pur
chases made, the amount of sales by
the county dispensaries, and of all their
acts as suzh c';unty board of control,
and should be liable criminally for any
violation of the law, rules and regula
tions of the dispensary law.
Boy Roasted Aliv-a.
At Hannibal, Mo., Lee Christian,
eleven years old, was ro tsted alive in
the street by another boy named Me
Lain who dashed a can of gasoline
over the clothes of young Christian
and then applied a lighted match.
Christian was playing In the street
with several other boys, when McLain
walked up swinging a gasoline can.
After twice threatening to roast the
Christian boy alive, McLain finally
:d3 his word good. He unscrewed
the cap of the can, rushed up on
Christian and drenched him from head
to foot with gasoline.. Before the un
ortune lad could get away he touch
ed a lighted maten to his trousers
which were sooked with the fluid. In
stantly the b'y was enveloped in
fames. He fell to the ground, scream
ing in agony and fighting the fire.
Many persons ran to his rescue and
succeeded in extinguishing the flames.
Every stitch of clothes were burned
from young Christian's back. He will
lie.
Fight at Mother'. Grave..
A dispatch to The State says there
was a serious row n'ear Claussen Fri
day a'ternoon between three negro
brothers, who had assembled to attend
the funeral of their mother. T.se ne
groes were Josh, Charles and Lucius,
Harrison. Ctiaries was probably fat 11
ly shot by Josh and Lucius was cut
seriously by Charles. The negro who
did the shooting was arrcsted In the
dge of Florence by Sheriff Burch.
Chief Koopmnan and Deputy Harrail.
Charles Harrison, who was shot
through the stomach, was brought to
Florence and an operatin performed
by Drs. Hicks, Smith, Young and
Levy. There is thought to be little
cbance of his recovery. The fight was
about a watermelon.
The Holy Jumpers.
The strangest set now conducted
wat is called religious services in
North Carolina is that which terms
isef "Burning Bush" people, but
which the general public terms "The
Holy Jumpers." Tuese people are of
oth sexes and the woman scream and
ance for long pericds in the most
public places they are allowed to re
ain in, while the men denounce all
other doctrines except their own. It
is claimed that these people have, tc
a notable degree, the power of hypno
tism and that they exercise It very
freely. Their work is done among the
:ost ignorant whites in the Piedmont
mountain region of North Carolina.
"BLzssED are the peacemakers,"
said the Master. President Roosevelh
will be remembered for his good work
at Prtsmouth.
HOLDING COTTON.
L Letter From Greesville Says There
Are Plans f foot
SSouth Carlona to Eaabte the
Farmers to Sell Their Cot
ton at FAh Prfc-s.
A letter from Greenville to the Au
rusta Chronicle says for several weeks\
3hairman Tindal, of the County Cot
Don Asszciation, and President Smith,
)f the State Associatlon, have been
discussirg plans for protecting farm
ers In the sale of tbeir cotton this
autumn, and Friday the former said
that while the association was not
qite ready to take any definite steps,
he felt safe in saying that there would
be competition and a plenty of it in
the South Carollna cotton markets
this season. The entire question is to
be brought before the conference of
the directors of the Southern Cotton
Association, which meets in Asheville
today, and if the plans meet with
favor they will be carried Into effect
without any loss of time, in order to
arrive with the cotton itself.
When chairman Tindal was asked
to give some idea of how the associa
tion expect to accomplish its aIms in
this state, he said that he Ecarcely
felt at liberty to go into particulars,
tnough he did not mind giving an out
line of how the work would be done.
"In the first place," said Mr. Tindal,
"the association will have a cotton
buying offlzein Columbia. Tais will
tiave general charge of the market in
the entire state. Complaints will be
sent to headquarters there where they
will receive attention. If a certain
Laarket Is without competition, either.
among the manufacturers themselvas
or because of the absence of an export
buyer, we will arrange to stir things
up a bit."
Mr. Tindal said it must not be con
strued that the ma:kat bureau, i so
it might be called, was going Into the
market as a regular cotton purchasing
concern. It was the business of the
farm ::- sell their prodrct at good
prices :- to buy it, he said. The bu
reau, i.aerefore, w-uld only interfere
when conditions were working against
the interests of the producer, and
then only.
So far as the Southern mills were
concerned, and those at home in par
ticular, Chairman Tindal said that he
wanted them to get all of the cotton
produced in the state, especially that
in the upland, for he knew that it
was the best to be found in the laud.
He felt that the farmers could not
shake away from t'is mills without
hurting the interests of the country,
and he believed it to be eq sally as
true thit the aills coaid uat hurt
.he farmers without serlously injur
ng their own busis prospects.
As-President S2ith hai emphasized
so often in his spaeches, hi believed
in pulling together. These arrange
ments will extend all over the State
when they are put in operation, and
they can be made to be very benefl
cal to the farmers of every county in
the State. We shall await the a-tion
of the board of directors, whc: meet
in Ashville, N. C., today, with some
interest. If they can succeed in doing
what is outlined above they will
strengthen the orgaalzation very ma
teri.lly.________
Sense and Nonsense,.
Many a girl's usefulniess has been
spoiled by some fool friend who told
her she was pretty.
Learn to say "No." It will be of
more ute to you than to be able to
read Litih.-Spurgeon.
Probably more men would drink
oda water if it weren't for the name
f the stuff.
Many an embyro statesman lands
in jail before he has a chance to make
good.
Generally a man can grumble about
its being too hot when he Isn't grumb
ig about It being too cold..
There is no telling where a sinner
will land when he begins to monkey
with a fishing outit on Sunday.
In the ra::e for wealth the men who
are distanced often reap the greatest
benefits.
S'ome churches that talk about
revivals would better talk about re
surrections.
The pocketbook nerve of some men
Is much more s.nsitilve than their
domestic nerve.
We have never head of a business
mangong to apoolhall in searchof anl
office boy.
This would be a dreary world indeed
if there were no rainbows to chase o0
casionally.
Salvation is to be had for the asking,
but it costs work and money and sac
rfice to retain it.
A girl is old enough to know better
when her mother cant tell her any
thing she thinks she doesn's know.
Did it Ever Occur to You?
Did you ever think to look over a
list of young unmarried men of your
a qaaintance, and see how many of
them are really able to support a wife,.
and the consequent family? I am
speaking more particularly of the
small towns and not of the farmer,
who Is a king unto himself. The re
slt of such an -investigation would
prbably startle you immensely. Not
one young man in ten, based on a
very conservative estimate, 1s more
than able to take care of himself or
has acquired any property whatever
or laid up a penny for the married
emergency. They are depending on
something to turn up that will relieve
them of any such responsibility, or
believe in the old yet continually re
futed adage, two. can live as one.
They marry some addelpated lovesick
girl and trust to luck to bring them
out of the pit that they have volun
tarily dug for tnemselves. The re
sult is either a divorce or a continual
struggle with the gaunt wolf of pov
erty, while the winged dove of love
tht thinks In its vouth~ful wisdoln
that .ife is livable on love and kisses
files out of the window to torment In
to a repetition of the error of some
other young cc uple. The cffsprings
go to help on our criminal list. If
every y oung man could be brought to
see that provision for a family is one
of the first prerequisities of such a
step, the world will soon be brought
to that sought for millenium, that
happy conception when every man
has attained tbe acme of greatness
the wisdom of 40 at the age of 20.
The Smith Clan.
Over five thousand members of the
Smith family of America gathered on
J. D. Smith's farm near Peapack, N.
J., to attend the annual reunion of
the Smith clan. The Cresent Mili
tary Band of Raritan furnished
the music for the occasion. In the
evening there was a summer night's
festival on the grounds of the Be
formemi Church of Papack.

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