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EtUI.-- APPELT, Editor.
MANNN1G, S. C.. OCT. 25. 1905. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: one year.... .... .---...- ........... 1 0 Six months.....-.-...... ...- .......- - - Fon months.........---- ........ ........ 50 ADVERTISING RATES: One square. one time. 51: each subsequent in sertion. 50 cents. Obituaries and Tributes or Respect charged for as regular advertisements. &i beral contracts made for three. six and twelve Communications must De accompanied by the real name and address of the writer in order to r.N'5Pive attention. \o communication of a personal character ill be published except as an advertisement. Entered at the Postoftice at Manning as Sec ia Class matter. "THAT MENACING VERDICT." We print in this issue an ar icle from Captain W. C. Davis, v hich is intended as a reply to be "specious arguments" in the S'mes of 11th inst, wherein we criticized a verdict of $200 dam ages agaipst the North Western Railroad, -in the case where Mr. -.E. G. Stukes, the depot agent at Davis' station. struck Thomas H. Felder, a negro, in the face for calling him a liar. Captain Davis. attorney for this negro, is mistaken if he thinks that it will be hard for us" "or Captain Wilson to convince any intelligent man in this coun ty that a negro would ever get a verdict against a white man, un less he showed a clean pair of heels and had absolute justice on 'h% side." - For his information, we will state, there are nany "intelligent men", and some too, of CaptainDavis'profession, who think that verdicts are some times obtained by other influences than "a clean pair of heels" and absolute justice." Our conten tion is, such a verdict is danger ous, and is, if held to be founded upon sound law. a menace to , to every industrial enterprise, and it will also add to further complicate our labor system. al ready in such a problematic stage, that farms are being abaidoned for lack of labor; it will cripple all industries where labor is employed because the operators of these industries will be in constant dread of such oc currences as the Stkes -Felder V trouble, which may end in the employer having to respond to verdicts for damages. We said nothing about "wilfull torts of its agents". 'but we do say that we do not believe it is law for a corporationmor an individual to be held responsible for the *act of an employee, when that employee resents the "damn lie" from a .negro, -or white man either, even if the offense is given'about the employer's busi ness, and so far as "the railroads. of this country are represented on all occasions by able lawyers" is concerned, we will not be en trapped into a discussion of that phase of the question, but we will say, however, there are -times when the ablest' lawyers -are misled in their confidence in a jury being able to see the preposterousness of certain de mands. What our friend says about the responsibility- for the acts of servants is conceded. If an "en -gineer, seeing a man approach - ng with a ,mettlesome horse, and let "off steam with a view of further frighten ing the, horse, and the horse runs away and throws the man's wife out and injures *her for life, "we concede, in such a case the -engineer's employers *will be, and should be, held re sponsible, but .if that woman's husband was sent to work in the engineer's cab, and while there, the engineer was to tell him he was not doing the work proper 4-y, and the man- retorts by call ing the engineer "a- damn liar" and the engineer smashes the woman's husband's nose, we do not beleve it is sound law, com mon sense, or justice for the engineer's employers to be mulct in damages. The "whis tle" case is not parallel to the Felder case, but the "nose smashing" case is. * As a layman, we make no pre tense of knowing the law, but we think we have common sense, -and from what we have learned we do not believe that Captain Davis can find a single decision *which will fit the cireamstances in the Felder vs. Northwestern Railroad case. He may search the law of England and America and not a case will he find that will show &i decision where a verdict for damages was upheld against an employer where the employee resehted a personal insult from a negro, and it is because of our faith in their being no such law, that the "Manning Times" discovers "a great source of danger in recognizing such a verdict," as "the law of the land when applied to - a' personal friend" or whether it should hap pen to apply to any one else, farmer. merchant, saw mill op erator or any one employing labor. Captain Davis writes hiniself narrow when he intimates that our interest in this case is at tributed to our solicitude for our "personal friend" Captain Thom as Wilson, president of the Northwestern Railroad: we are proud of Captain Wilson's friend. . ship, we believe South Carolina is proud of such a citizen; would we had more like him, but if personal regard for Captain Wilson prompted us to expose the danger of this small $200 Verdict against him because one of his emplovers smashed a negro's face for insulting hm. why did we not make comment adversely on a $1,000 verdict rendered against the same "per sonal friend" in the same court, prosecuted by the same Captain Davis, in favor of another negro who was hurt while working on the same railroade No, Captain Davis, we endeav or to lay aside personal prefer ence when we write an opinion on the verdict of a jury, or any other matter affecting the public welfare. The illustration, of a clerk in a store getting into a controver sy with a customer, is parallel with the Felder case. Accord ing tothe sworn testimony which we heard, showed that Captain Davis' client applied an offensive epithet to Mr. Stukes, the depot agent, growing out of a con troversy about freight, the agent struck this client: but, says Cap tain Davis: "In the Felder case the railroad employee brings on the difficulty," yes, that is what his client claims, but we heard Mr. Stukes, the depot agent, swear, and his veracity was not questioned, that Captain Davis' client brought on the difliculty by his insolence and insulting language. As for us, we prefer to believe Mr. Stukes, possibly, if we were making a fee from the other side it might be other wise. But then, let it be argued that-Stukes brought on the trou ble, it seems to us to be more in keeping with "pbsolute justice" and reason, for the case to have been brought on the criminal side of the court on a .charge of assault and battery against $tukes, and then if the evidence conflicted, the jury could judge whether to believe Stukes or Felder. If the latter was be lieved, a verdict of guilty could have been entered against Stukes and fine or imprison ment would have been his pun ishment, but on the criminal side there are no money damage verdicts, and this makes a differ ence, of course. We did not hear the Judge's chaige, but on inquiry we learn that His Honor did not utter a word which justified the jury to construe his charge into mean ing that an employer is to be held in money damages because an employee resents a personal insult, in the nature of -vile epi thets, tho', the controversy grew out of the employers business. The verdict in this case was a surprise to many, and we think we can count Captain Davis among them. The Captain is happily endowed with a personal magnetism, and possibly, on this jury he had personal admirers, who, in turn were also possessed with magnetism. The Captain's magnetism influenced his ad mirers and they influenced their fellow jurymen who were not anxious for a dead-lock, and viewing a railroad corporation without a soul to save, or a necit to break, came to the conclusion, to get out of the room, a little leg-pulling would not cripple the railroad. In fact, we have heard, it was argued in the room that the railroad was rich, and if the "nigger "got some of its money nobody would be harmed. The danger of such verdicts where juries fail to distinguish the difference between an em ployee acting for his employer in the scope of his duties, and the employee resenting a personal in sult, -is so great, that if the ver dict in this case holds, the dam age suit law practice will'greatly increase, and corporations and private industries will be in con stant danger of writ-service. As to Captain Wilson's inter view, it speaks for itself, and it is not necessary that we should go over it. When first approach ed by us, he was in no mood to treat with for concessions be cause of what he regarded an antagonism towards his interests, .in this verdict for $200. The $1000 verdict did not seem to arouse his resentment, but he regarded the $200 verdict so pal pably unjust that it made him sore. However, before the in terview ended, he intimated that he would' consider a business proposition from the citizens of Manning. Lack of space prevents our going into full details to answer Captain Davis, and we will con clude by saying. that it is to his pecuniary interests to "see the fallaciousness of" our "argu ments," and it might possibly~ be of service to him in earning his fee if he can convince our read ei-s that we have attempted to "sway" them by our "appeals to their passions and prejudices" in order that his negro client may get what Captain Davis would think to be "justice." There is no desire on .our part to be unjust to his client, nor do we consider it unjust, when we direct attention to what we re gard a miscarriage of justice, even if that taiscarriage of jus tice operates against a railroad corporation that employs men who will not stand up and permit a negro to apply insulting epi thets to them.' Presidenf Roosevelt touring the South will have a great ef fect upon softening the feeling against him; the people will, bet ter understand this great man and he will better understand them. The President is being received with great ovations, and the people are as proud of enteataining him as he is of be ing entertained by them. Very, the Roosevelt tour is doing a greater amount of good than is the production of that notorious preacer, the author of "The Clansman." One holds out the olive branch of peace and good Iwill toward men, the other is a torch of incendiarism and dis ontnt. HOLD YOUR COTTON. The cotton situation is begin ning to look brighter. The Bears are rdalizing they cannot hold out muchlonger unless the farmers are enticed to sell their cotton by the present slow ris ing prices. We saw a telegram last Monday to a cotton buyer telling him the thin frost has had its effect on the Bears, and they are conceding short crops. All kinds of tricks are being re sorted to, for the purpose of stampeding the farmers, but if they will only tighten their grip and hold on to their cotton tlhei association's minimuifl price of eleven cents will be small com pared to what they are going to get. Do not let the alluring price of ten cents fool you into rushing your cotton to the mar ket. Keep it and as sure as fate before Christmas you will real ize twelve cents. We believe this as firmly as we believe their -is a God. The thing that has operated against cotton reaching the price fixed by the association, is the heavy port receipts, and this has been used as a cudgel to beat down the price. Who is responsible for these heavy port receipts? The speculating merchant. The fellow who forces those . owing him to rush their cotton on the market while it is cheap, and he buys that cotton, ships it to a sea-port warehouse for storage, where it is counted among the receipts. That class of mer chants are Bears when it comes to buying from the farmer, and Bulls when it comes to selling for themselves. They hold to reap the. profit, but declare they cannot let their customers hold. There has been much cotton shipped into storage at Charles ton, Wilmingtoh, Savannah, Gal veston and other seaports where it is not doing the farmer nor the -association a particle of good; it would be better for the farmer if not a bale was held in a sea-port warehouse, because, there would be nothing - to base these depressing reports about receipts. We have recently learned another scheme that is operating against the farmer. It is a known fact that'the mills are short of raw material, they go to these seaport warehouses, take up the cotton in them and when the cotton is ordered'sold, they pay the market price for it that day. The mischief done by such a scheme is plain. The *mills are not put to it to fill theih: orders and therefore they are slow about advancing the price, but if they could not get the cotton, the price would advance in short order. Do not let the rise in price tempt the sale of cotton. The Bears are on the run. ,The farmers have won tne fight, and they should get the full benefit of the victory. There should be no Russian diplomacy in this fight. The battle has been fierce' and strong, and now that the enemy a;. on the retreat our forces stand firm, and see that there demands are respected. The following article in the Cotton Trade Journal is full of encouraging information:, Temperatures during the past week have ruled unseasonably high, which necessarily favored the growth of the cotton plant in such sections as ad mitted of further production. At the close of the week it is still warm over the south-eastern districts. The northwest barometric depression noted here last week resulted, as fore casted, in a severe cold wave which developed toward the middle of the ieek and came down toward- the cot ton belt a day or two later. It resulted on Fr'iday morning in temperatures below the freezing point in the, terri tories and is moving southeasterly, promising an extension of the frost, area. Much rain has fallen, the precipita tion being excessive laitterly over the central section..- This area of heavy rainfall is moving easterly and north Ierly, and indicated clearing will prob 1ably be followed immediately by frosts. The rain has seriously interfered with picking, and done much damage to the open cotton. The lines which define and measure the crop of 1905-6 have been rapidly convergmng for some time, and have now very nearly come together. The proportion of possible further incre ment is now quite small. This was pretty clearly stated in the weekly bureau report which said that no top crop worth meritioning is promised. This weekly report after alluding to to the damage by rain, which, by the way, was at that date slight in com parison with what has come later, announced that insects continue to do considerable damage in Texas, Louis iana and Mississippi. The appearance of frost over the later part of the belt clinches the mat ter as far as the affected districts are concerned, and make a top crop, the prospect of which was at best always very precarious, quite out of the ques tion. It remains to .be seen how lar the frost will extend on its present ad vance, which will be known in a day or two. According to the government report, however, it really makes little difference whether frost comes or net. Picking was said to be nearly finish ed over the larger half of the belt, and nearly half finished over the balance, a week ago. On the whole, then, pick ing is fully three-quarters finished, a startling contrast with last year when picking was actively prosecuted ,almost all through December. For sometime many gins have been running on short time or stopped altogether. The tendency during the week was to receive reduced crop estimates with more favor. Some importance was at tached to a private estimate of 10,300, 000 bales. In estimating the -crop and comparing with last year we must re peat that full - allowance should be made for the recognized fact that last year was a freak year of overproduc tion, Many considerations combine to throw this year hopelessly out of the running in comparison. Among the more important of these considerations are reduced~ acreage, very late and un promising start over more than half the belt, insufficient and early cessa tion of fruitage, and an early fall. The irresistible tendency is to mneas ure one crop by comparison with the preceeding one. A crop of 9,078,000 bales in 1891-92 was followed by one of 6,664,000 bales: one of 9,837.000 in 1898-99 by one of i9.4-22,000. By con trast with last year this year shows up as poorly as probably any of the above to say the least. 2I OE13MIO1EI-TAR anIaM Onlda Pravants Pneumonia "THE CLANSMAN." There is so much being writ ten about Rev. Thomas Dixon's 1play, "The Clansman." we are beginning to feel that the newspaper readers are ready to "riug off" and let "The Clans man" journey on its gold gather ing course, and an early for getfulness. There never was a more shrewdly get-rich-quick scheme planned, than -The Clansman " dramatized, a n d America has never produced since the days of P. T. Barnum a more successful advertizer than Rev. Thomas Dixon, Jr. The drama is a perversion of history: it has a slight sprink ling of truth, just enough to give it a savor of reality, but it is not history, and should not be so taken. The effect of such a play touring the South can accomp lish no good results, and may build false impressions on the younger generation. It cer tainly cannot be of help for peaceful relations between the two races making up the citizen ship of the South, and, in our opinion, it will throw obstacles in the way of making less trouble some the negro problem hi the South. The negroes are here, and we see no good sense in reviving the unpleasant conditions of the past, it is simply the blowing up of old coals for no other purpose than filling the pockets of a man who has proven himself unfaith ful to the vows of the ministry and who deserted his church for gold. There are in the play a few good actors, the others not even fair, and were it not for the free advertising it has received, we doubt very much if- the play would hold out a half dozen stands. There are plenty of popular price shows that give a much better dratatic perform ance than "The Clansman," but aside from this, we regard the play calculated to intensify race hatred and may precipitate' un necessary trouble, at any rate, it can 6nly add to the "white man's burden." Those familiar with conditions in South Carolina during what is known as the "Reconstruction Period" know full well that the Ku Klux Klan did not rid South Carolina of negro domination. That orgaiization was long out of existence when the bugle call was sounded in the mountains and Hampton and his red shirts swept on down to the sea. It was this noble band of patriots, tired of the tyrannical oppres sion of Carpetbag, scalawag and negro domination, rose with mighty force and drove the op pressors from the field. The Ku Klux Klan was in ex istence from 1866 to 1871, and during their day we had a car pet-bag governor, a negro lieu tenant-governor, negro congress men, and a black legislature, and this crew of vandals continued to revel in debauchery and crime during the years of 1873-4-5-6, until, with might and force, in the face of federal bayonets, the Hampton red shirts, not in the night time under the cover of masks, -but in open broad day light; struck down the fetters, and South Carolina was made free. There ne'7er was such a char acter as is depicted in "Silas Lynch." The negro lieutenant governor was Richard H. Gleaves, who was not an inso lent scoundrel with his soul's ambition seeking social equality, ad the marriage of a white wo man,'but. to the contrary, South Carolina's aegro'iieutenaut-gov ernor was a very genteel, re spectful mulatto of quiet. modest manners, evidently having been raised by a refined and educated family. .He was noted for his politeness, and especially to white people. It was character istic of this man Gleaves, to un cover his head when in the pres ence of ladies, or about to pass those of his acquaintance. He was the opposite of the "Silas Lynch" in "The Clansman," and he being the most important character in the play, the falsi fying of history in his part, is the most dangerous, because it builds ideas in the minds of the young that are false and unjust. The relations between the races in this State do not need a Clans man-torch, and the white man and the negro can live more hap pily together if the devil in the shape of such influences as Rev. Thomas Dixon, and others who are constantly holding sup the negro bug-a-boo, for self ag gandizement, will let us alone. The people of the South know the negro, they -come in daily contact with him, there are good muegroes and bad negroes just as there are good white men and bad white men, but as a race, te negroes have long ago rearn ed. to trust his white neighbor and to live peacefully with him. Deafness Cannot be Cured by localapplications, as they cannot reach the diseased portion of the ear. There is only, one way to cure dearness, and that is by cons-titu tionl remedies. Deafness is caused by an in lamed condition of the mucous lining of the Eustachian Tube. When this tube gets infiam ed you have a rumbling sound or imperfect hear ing. and when it is entirely closed deafness is the result. and unless the inflammation can be taken out and this tube restored to its normal condition,hearing will be destroyed forever: nine cases out of ten are caused by catarrh. which is nothing but an inflamed condition of the mu ce surl ci'e One Hundred Dollars for any ca-se of Deafness (caused by catarrh) that can not be cured by Hall's Catarrh Cure. Send for cruasfrF. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, 0. sold by druggists. 75c. H all's Family Pills are the best. Chewing Cium For Nosebleed. A celebrated physician has claimed In one of his lectures that the '-best remedy" for nose bleed'-Is a vigorous motion of the jaws as in the act of chewing. In the case of a child he rec ommends giving a wad of paper to chew, as the rapid working of the jaws stops the flow of blood. But why not try chewing gum instead of paper? West erini Riew. IIM _ AT Owing to the great success of the Special "Week of Bargains" inSummerton we have decided to inaugur ate such a sale here in Manning in order that our custo mers here might have the advantage of buying at such wonderfully low prices. Nothing to equal these Bargains ever known hereabouts before. Tremendous price con cessions throughout the store. No old style, out of date goods, but everything brand new, stylish and invitiig. NOW IS THE TIME TO FURNISH YOUR 10ME AN No one can have a true conception of the money-saving quality of this Special Sale until unti1 you have come here and seen with'your own eyes the big Bargains offered. Butilittle idea-can e had from description. Put it down though that you don't want to missihis Sale. Week of October 30th to Noveimber 4th3 It will pay you to come miles and miles to be present at these Great Bargain Sales. FOoo ing are just a few of the more marked Special-Sales. There are hundreds of others just-as interesting and just as big Money-Savers to you: 150 Beds going at $1.65. 50'Nice Dressers at 100 going $2.65. 1,000 Nice Chairs at any pice 100 Dozen Window Shadds, 19c ea'ch. OCTOBER 30, TO NOVEMBER 4 DON'T MISS GREAT I "3' * N Furniture and WEE OFBARAIN ATUnderlakrg SThe S iie Dry Goods 2 ... * SThe Leading Dry Goods Store of Sumter DON'T FORGET Extends cordial greetings tr its friends and1 patrons across the line. and invites them most heartily to ~?visit their large esta~blishment for a comparison of wvhen you come totownio call at our store and._ Sprices and styles. To theLadies especially we would . let us show you our ne'rr stock of FALL AND offer a veritable treat in our elaborate display of WINTER CLOTHING. - Dress Goods and Silks. OUr' line is complete, The no~v weav~es anid beautiful colorings shown in d elad and let oter tS' tocopt. 22 this department are usually exclusive, not obtainable & Before you buy your suit, -overcoat, pans 0by the smaller houses, hence that difference you ex-. shoes; hat or anything that man or boy wears, it . whe yo puchse romus.An ths p will pay you to see our stock. Come right to ~ perience headquarters and save money. ' We are not talk- 3: plies to all lines wve handle, whether of the low or $$ing through our hat, but we mean just what we _ SS finer class of merchandise. $$say. COME AND SEE FOR YOURSELF. + If it is a Tailor-Made Suit which is desired we SS show the three prominent lengths. If you are in- $$ O- ieo ais terested in the Cloak styles we offer fourteen mod- adCidren' Shoes Sels for criticism. We offer estimates on is larger and better this fall than it has ever been and our prices as low as-possible. ~ f2I Ue T1LruTa rTWe thank our customers very much for they iIOU~ efUrISRi1RgSI , '~liberal patronage given us in the past and are go- ~ in 1001 rapeies LinnsBkt~'et~ing to show our appreciation by giving better ? inflo coverings, Drpre.LnnBanesSeet goods for less mone'y than ever before. S Pillow Cases. etc. W e still enjoy the r eputation of selling only Reliable Footwear. a O r'~ QUEEN QUA LITY for the Ladies and LITTYLLE $$ 4-IA NT' for the Children are our Specials. SS Don't consider the small cost of coining to Sumter $ __________________________ wesomany advanitages are open to von. :x.. SYours very truly, - SUMTER, S. C