At the Bequest of Interested Fartics
the da-.e of
Enforcing the Law Postponed
to Jannrary I for Makers
and April 1 fur the
The commisioner of iruernal reve
nue, Jvhn W. Yerkes, some time ago
began an investigation concerning al
cohohc -ompounds labaled as medi
cines and held out to the public as
remedies for diseases and the result of
the examination was given Sesterda;
in a circular to ecllectors. It fol
"On September 12, Circular No.
6'73 was issued from tbis c ti e, con
cerning alcoholic comprunds advar
tised and sold as mecicires under
various names, some of which were
compcsed cbiefly of distilld spirits or
mixtures thereof, without the add'
tion of drugs or medicinal itgredients
in suffcient quantity to change wat
erially the character of the alcoh:lic
"In that circul2r it was stated that
because these preparations were held
out to the public as medicines would
not afford ground for relieving their
manufacture from special taxes as
rectifiers and wholesale liq-or dealers
and would not relieve the retail d::al
era therein from special Lax as retail
-liquor dealers under the provisions
of the Federal statutes.
"It was further stated that this
offies would, by analyses madle in the
chemical laboratory bere, of these
varicus compounds deter mine whether
thobe manufacturing and handlIng
them wculd be liable to the special
"Further that until such analyses
were made and conclusions reached
by this cffce druggists and merchants
selling theEe compour.ds in good faith
as medicines only would not be 'ffEc
ted by the new ruling until Decem
ber 1. Before that date it was the
purpose of the cffca -to make public
annour.c:ment of the various prepar
ations found by anaylsis to be within
the terms of the ruling of September
"By reason of the care given in
making analyses of these ccmpounes
the cffiae has been unable to ccmplete
the examination of all such com
pounds now upon the market, How
ever it has made the following prep
arations, and finds that they are
within the terms of ruling of Septem
ber 12: Atwcods La G:ippe Spec. tic,
Cuban Gingeric, D_- Wird's Stomach
Bitters, Dr. Bouviers Buchu Gin, Dr.
Fowlers Meat and Malt, Duff) Is Malt
Whiskey, G lberts Re juvenating Iron
and Herb Juice Hosteters Stomach
Bitters, Kudro, Peruna, Rockaudy
"Since the ruling was made, man
ufactures of preparations referred to
in that ruling and wholesale drug
gIsts and retail druggists handling
them have demonstrated that large
looses would occur to them if
the rulng was made i ff.ctive'r-n Dec
ember 1. They have stated that, in
good faith and under rules heretofore
controlling they have purchased these
compounds in large quantities, have
them in stcck and that it would be
impossible to dispose of them by the
date originally determined.
PoSTFO1NES ENFOE)mIET OF LAW.
"After carefuloodsxderation of this
phase of the case and to prottce those
who in good faith have engaged in
the sale of these preparations, this
offiee has determined to make the or
der effective as against manu'aciures
on Janurary 1, 1906, instead of Dec
ember 1, 1905, said date, Janurary, 1
1908, beIng the beginning of the third
quarter of the fiscal year.
"With regard to all handling these
preparations as retail dealers both
druggist and other merchants, the
order will be made e ff.cted A pril 1,
1906 the beginning of the last quarter
of the current fiscal year.
"This idfice will contknue to make
analyses of other preparations simIlar
to those already examined, and will
announce from timeto time the con
"Until public notice is given as to
other preparations than those above
tamed, marnufacturers, druggists,
and others handling these prepara
tions will rnot be held liable for other
~articks than those set forth herein
provided that the et mpounds are sold
in gocd faith medicines."
The Good Old Sort.
The woman that rode horse back
to church with a black silk reticula
hanging to the horn of her saddle.
Tho rnan that would always mtke
a cross mark and spit in it when he
had to turn back aft-er starting.
The soap maker who would never
touch a pot of soap until the mnon
The woman that could stool, warp
and put in a web of cloth in one
The spinner that could card, spin
and reel six cuts in a day.
The old gentleman whose coat poc!
kets were crammed full of biscuits
by his wife when he started c ff seir
eral miles to church Sunday.
The saving old fellow who could
wear his Sunday shoes ten years with
out haLf soling. 'N
The man who poured his steaming
coffee Into his saucer and after blow
ing on It sipped loud enough to be
heard by his, nearest neighbors
The thrifty wife who c ;uld knit
two pairs of wool socks in a week,
wo:k'ng only at night by the light
of pine knots or in the dark.
The well dressed man who had a
blue broadcloth spike tailed coat
made about 1830 and when going to
meeting always put his coat tails
Into his breeches pocket to keep them
from getting soiled on his horse.
Goes Up Head.
At the annual meeting of the stock
hoiders of the Atlantic Coast Line
Bailroad at R-chcond, Va, last week
T. M. Emerson, of Wilmington,N. C.,
was elected president; vice R. T. Er
yin, resigned. Mr. Emerson was for
merly touth vice president and tra f-i
manager. He succeeded Mr. Erwin
on the board of directors. All the
other cificers and directors were re
elected Alex Hamilton, former sec
ond vice president, was promoted tol
be first vice president. 0. S. Gads-I
den was promoted from third to sec
ond vice president. J. R. Kenly was I
made third vice president. A divi
dend of 3 per cent. was dec~ared on
the stock, placing IL )fl a 6 instead of
a 5 per cent. basis. The annual re
port showed an i -cre-tse in milleage,
gross and net rece'>ts. President!
Emerson started with the road as a
clerk in ithe freIght offices in Wil- I
mlnrmn Ni C., at $75 per month. 1
POISONED HIS WIFE.
5cnsational Charges Against a Phy
s'clan of Greensboro.
Dr. J. B. Mathews, a well known
physician, was arrested at Greensboro,
N. C., Friday on a warrant charging
him with the murder of his wife, whc
lied Friday night a fter suffering ex
-ruciatirg agony for more than 12
hours. The warrant was issued by
Mayor Murphy. Her death, according
to Dr. J. P. Turner, the coroner, who
was called to her bedside, resulted
from a dose of strychnine followed by
a potion of morphine which Coroner
Turner alleges was administered to
the woman by her husband.
Dr. Mathews was arrested at mid
night. He maintains that while he
prescribed for his wife he did so in
the hope of alleviating her pain. COr
oner Turner, who swore out the war
rant against Dr. Mathews, makes sen
saticnal charges against Dr. Mathews
in conection with the scenes in the
dying woman's room.
Dr. Turner alleges that after suffer
ing f)r hours the dying woman direct
ed her 10 year-old son to seek another
physici-an, her husband, according to
the econel's story, havIng refused to
summon one. Dr. Turner, who was the
first to reach the stricken woman's
bedside, diagnosed the case as one of
poisi-ning and at once administered
antidotes, which failkd to have the
desired effect. As the end approach
ed, Dr. Turner alleged, the husband
entered the wife's bedroom and asked
Dr. Turner if he might kneel at the
bedside and pray with his wife, re
qufsting Dr. Tumrer meantime to
leave the rocm, which Dr. Turner re
fused to do.
Dr. Mathews knelt at his wife's
bedside and clasping one of her hands
in his prayed in a voice plainly audi
ble throughout the room. Continuing,
Dr. Turner says he discovered his,
patient was writhing in pain, and ap
proaching tie bed, be threw bak the
covering and charges that he discov
ed a hypcdermic syringe had been
plunged into the woman's leg. He
says he seized the syringe and orderrd
Mathews from the room Mrs. Mathe-As
died a few moments later and the cor
oner's jury was notified. Bath Dr.
Mathews and his wife are well known
here. Mathews was locked up short
ly after midnight, stoutly Insisting
that he had no intention of taking
his wife's iife.
NINE MEN uBEMATED.
As They Slunibared on Board a Pull
A dispatch from Mobile, Ala., says
nine persons, whose names are not yet
known, occapyirg a "pull" boat on
Middle river, which runs between the
Tensas and Albama rivers, were burn
ed to death Friday in a fire which de
stroyed the boat. Sidney Wheat, the
negro steward, was the only survivor
of the 1) men who lived on the craft.
Wheat escaped death by being awake
owing to illness.
The crackling of burning timbers
warned him in time. He jumped mnto
the river and secaped just s the boat
collapsed. Stewart and Butt of Mo
bile, who owned to boat, say there
had been no steam on her for three
days. They were at a loss to account
for the burning of the vessel.
According to Wheat's story the nine
men were c us~ped into a roaring fur
nace while some of them were asleep.
They were roasted alive. The boat
was used by men who were ergaged in
getting logs out of narrow places for
rafting purposes. It was canstructed
some what similar to a d:edge boat
and had a structure for sheltering the
machinery and apartments in which
the crew and employee lived.
In this case those on the vessel oc
cupied the second story of the struc
ture. The fire had evidently been
burning for some time when Wheat
was awakened. He says he rushed in
and yelled to the others to get out as
fast as they cauld as the boat was
burning. He does not know wheather
any of the men heard him. He leaped
from the vessel into the river and a
moment later the vessel cllapsed,
precipitating the other men into the
What a Wise Wife Knows.
She knows that home Is more than
half what you make ii, and that a
builder of a happy home is a success
indeed. She knows that it takes two
to prolong a family quarrel, one can
therefore terminate It. She knows
that fiilling e house with hargains
keeps a couple from owning the house
in which they place them. She knows
that if we thought all we said we'd
be wise, but If we said all we thought
we'd be fois~h. She knows that some
people sneer at love in a cottage, but
love that could wish to live any
where else Is not love. She knows
that proud pe-ople seldom have frieads.
Ia prosperity they know nobody; In
adversity nobody knows them, says
Woman's Life. She knows that to
make long lived friendships one must
be slow in making them. She knows
that the woman who gains a trifie
meanly Is meaner that the trinl3. She
knows that "It Is less pain to learn
in youth than to be ignorant in old
age." She khows that if she can not
throw brightness over her home It is
best not to throw a wet blanket over
it. She knows that the wife who
tninks she is perfect is generally the
:ost imperfeot. Tne unwise wife
may profit by studying what the wiss
Einied oy Cancer.
After living over ninety years with
out any serious illness, Mrs. Matilda
Scott, of Believille, Miflin county,
Pa., five months ago pricked her fore
head with a pin. Cancer resulted
and she died last week. She was the
mother of twelve children and gave
se ven sons to the Union army in -the
civ'il war. She was the second oldest
woman In central Pennslyvania and
would have reached 100 next Febru
While out hunting In the country
near Anderson on Thursday Mr. D.
IcAdams, a well known plumber of
Anderson, was accidentally shot and
physicians say that he cannot live. A
ovey of birds was flushed and his
:ompanion, a Mr. Mitchell, fired at
ihe birds but the charge entered Mr.
M~cAdam's head, fatally wounding
T wo men were killed and about aJ
lzen more or less seriously injured i
:he wreck of the Philadelphia express
m the Central railroad of New Jersey
'riday night near the Pennsylvania,
Raven junction, 100 miles north of|I
Philadelphia. The dead, Fireman
Rupert of Monch Chunk, Pa., and an ,
xtra engineer named Detroy, who
COT TON BY COUNTIES.
What the Pablis Gins of South Caro
lina Have Dane.
The census bureau has just issued
its first statement by counties sbowirg
ex -ctly how many bales or -cotton
have been ginned in each to Novem
ber 14, 1905. This is the first time
this has ever been done and will prove
exceedingly interesting to growers in
the state and others interested in tihe
cotton industry. The followiog figures
show what has been ginned in the
year 1904 and 1905, to November 14:
Abbeville...... ....27.733 25 717
Aiken....... ....30 131 30,224
Anderson.. .. .....45 841 49 486
Bamberg.. ........20 089 20 995
Barnwel...... ....37 587 38.115
B3aufort.. ..... ....5611 4.728
Berkeley ..........13 058 13 6i 5
Charleston............ 5,292 7 344
Cherokee.. .......11 609 11 988
Ches:er.. .. .......29 891 18 982
Chesterfield ......... 12.059 12,168
Clarendon...... .....24.370 26.232
Colleton........ ....12 787 11 980
Darlington..........24 255 27 588
Dorche--ter. .. ......7 564 8 856i
Edge.eld.. .. .......24 092 23 167
Florence.. ........23.905 22 952
Georgetown ..........2 004 1 493
Greenville......... 29 439 31 86'
Greenwood.. .... ......26,92:3 22 767
Hampton...... ...26,923 22 787
Horry....... ......16 080 15 28)
Kershaw............ 5 525 6 737
Lancaster.........16.056 15.81 6
Le.............23 329 29.593
Lexington ... 16,284 16:296
Marin............36 952 36 201]
Marlboro............ 38 506 33 852
Oonee........ ...10 924 11 8'7
Orangeburg .... ..61,674 71 991
Pickers............ 10.949 11 050
Richland ............10.L36 14 077
Saluda.......... .17 730 16 931
Spartanburg..........46 355 45 _96
Sumter...... .... 26 735 30,717
Ui iou ....... ....14 367 14 3)4
Williamsburg........ 21.936 19 532
York....... ...29 8'6 28 271
How to Trert your rown.
Talk about it.
Write about it.
Trsde at home.
Tell of its business resources.
Tell of its natural advatages.
-Trade and induce others to trade
When strangers come to town use
Do.n't call your beat friend frauds
Support the local institutions, that
benedi your town.
Look ahead of yourself when all
the town is to be considered.
Don't forget you live Of the people
here, and you should help others as
they help you.
D m't advertise in the loc.l paper
"to help the proprietor," but to helr
Let's get together and keep things
moving, hustling all the time; cheer
fully keeoing a suiff upper lip waiting
for the good time comning for the 0l0
town. L Vs try it, D iit now.
L ve Stock Trad1e.
The receipts of all kin~ds of live
stock at the Chicago stock yard fox
the present year greasly exceed tbhose
of any preceding year of its history.
Arrivals up to date foot up scm athing
over 14.000,000 and estimitmng the
receipts for the balance of the year,
the grand total will be considorably.
In excess of 16,000.000 and this does
not include over 500.000 head sent di1
rect to packers outside the yards. 0
cattle, 3 400.000 head have been re
ceived during the year. Ca'vesi 880,
000, hogs 7 700,000; sheep. 4 840 000;
horses,127,000; or about 110,000 mare
calves than ever before, nearly 300..
000 more sheep than any other rec arci
and over 9.000 more horses than are
the figures: 3 686 4 pounds avcadu
pois. One million sliver dollars wei9a
56 931 pounds avordupois or near.u
28 1-4 tons.
The founder of the new steel barg
Delawanna and the lots of four p..r
sons on board, including Capt. Jour.
B. Munsey and his wife, was reported
at Boston, Mass., Friday, by the tug
Scranton, which had been towing the
Delawanna from New York. The
barge went down in a besvy ses Lt
8 30 o'clock Thursday night abou:
eight miles east by south from M~uo'.
light. One of the crew of the Dek.
wanna was saved. So quick1' did the
barge tounder after the snappiug o'
the hawsers that the crew had abso
lutely no time to assist the tow,
which disappeared almost befoure the
Scranton could put about. Tne sole
survivor was found clinging to a rraz
ment of a broken boat. H e s.aid th;
Delawanna was thrown on her beam
ends by a terrific sea, and the water
flooded into the hold.
Suffared Beavy Loss.
We regret to learn that Nr. A. A.
Dantzler who is a most protperous
and enterprising farmer, of the EKlo
ree section, had the miort.use last
week to lose his gin house and :all
contente by fire. Inside the gie
house there were between thirt-iv
and forty bales of unglnned cotton.
In addition all of the machinery was
destroyed including engine boiler, saw
mill, grist mill ete. Altogether the
loss will amount to something like
$5,000 and Mr. Dantzler had no in
surance on any of the property desroy
ed. While the loss will fall very
heavily on Mr. Dantzler he is a man
of energy and determination and he
will build himself up again. Mr
Dantzler is a good citizen and is well
knowntover the country and his friends
sympathize with him in his great less
Did you ever notice that tobreco is
always clean. If a man drops a piece
of meat, no matter how clean the
floor may be, he will either g've it a
pick or pick it up and lay it to one
side. He will never eat it. But let
him drop his plug of tobacco on the
ground and no difference how dirty
the spot was where it fell, he will
pick it up and give It a careless swipe
on his coat sleeve or on the bosom of
his pants and then take a chew with
greater relish then ever.
The dispatches tell us that an In
diana veteran has just refused 815,
000 back pension. Undoubtedly the
man is a genuine veteran and wants
to keep his name on the roll of bonor
as a fighter and not as a grafter.
The simplest mother is wiser than
the brightest childiecs woman, b-i
ause experience is the only sort of
wrisrdom wrth having.
,'~ID 3.10T 1 R KX D.
Cincznnati Woma Believed In ChIc
rolorm for the Infirm.
Miss Anna H "l, of Cincinnati, who
recently attracted a great deal of at
tentioc by an address she made in
Philadelphia before a national conven.
tion c1 hu-re workers, is a daugh
tejr o, te noted explorer Hall, who
'cst hi.; life n-a1y years ago on a trip
to the far r-orth. In her acfdress Miss
i. dc ted adminieserirg chloro
-or- p'sons hopelessly ill and
T-) gorrnmrent paid Explrer
Fals far ily $1S 000 by reason of his
et- V:me on a j: urney of scientific
esac to the rorth pole, and this
money has caused litigation in the fa
F il y 'n udge Pfleger's court dur
rg T :e hang of a will cse of Miss
Tal m rest er, M-s. M-rcy Hall, a
rs Sicne testified tuat f&r quently
I W s was about the roam where
Mrs. R-1l 1% dyinrg she heard Miss
A!--,a F-1 urge the attendirg ,physi
---n let r adminster chlrcform
,a P-6 h;r noLvr's stff ring. Mise
U%11 i,.isted, S3d t'e witness, that
:2,tm ',hr was ' great pain, and as
etws iivtaxbze it was not right
ta le Mr sff r.
Tn, d or, the witness said, assur
2M1ss H111 that her mother was
s, r- 1 in p--iP, -is she was' in a
Iend c cc'us cInditio. Tne wit
n, s s;d the ohysicip.n remarked one
1e-' to Miss Fal;: "Y.u are a tb! us
Ind ye:rs ahead of your time, Misi
H a'." S11 ne day perhaps, what you
ICA'-tc =myv become the practice,
cut rot in t Is day.
WOMIN KILLt3 DENTIST.
All the Parties to the Tragedy Said
to be Prominent.
J _s Mrs. Birdsona, who shot and kill
ed Dr. Thomas Butler at his c f:e at
MonticeliO, Miss., Saturday morning,
is in jal and her husband, Df. Jimes
Birdsong, a well kno wn dentist, has
teen placed under arrest as accesso
An irqusst was held Saturday at
tcrro;n cefore Juctice Juhn W. Steen
but it wts brief. Neitfner Mrs. Bird
g nor her husband weu d make
Jny azer fnt. It is believed that
Mrs. Burdbtxxg in her trial will set up
s!andcr as the grourd for the killlkg,
there havicg been considerable gcssip
c)-nnecting 6ie names of the two for
some days past.
Labt Tirursday, after the woman
%,ad vIited the L tbc3 of the dead man,
he went bcme and tried to cor mit
suicide by taking morphine, but pay
sicians were hastily summoned and
her life wa, saved. She was in bed
all day Friday, but Saturdiy morning
after her husband left for his clic:
she got up, secured his pistol ano
walked to the cefze of Dr. Eu lr.
The docter was alone when she en
tered and without a word she begatn
o fire on him. Dr. Butler retreated
te second shot being iired while he
was going~ through the door. H e fell
to the s.dewalk and the womsn fied
three more shets at him, two of the
.vomans bulbets penetrating the mtus
beart. The deadI doctor was a nephew
of former G. varnor Lo.ngino, of Jack
son, who will come here Monday ,to
take part in the preliminary trial,
which is set for tha-t date. Dr Bird
snig has eng.ed the Hon. R. N.
Miler, of Ha~zel turst, a noted crimi
nal lawyer, tu defend him. Dr. But
cr leav'e; a widlow and f. 'ur children.
The man who don't have friends,
don't deserve them.
The man who "knows himself" nev
er looks like a "dude."
The felow who "alks to himel
of ten hais an ass for a h1tetner.
Nearly all of us could write a large
book on the thirgs "we don't know."
It's a shame for the rich to have to
di a'nd leava their diamonds and poo
A religion that won't produce
smies" Is not the brand we are look
S.uo s us a man who never "fails"
and vall show ycu a man who is toC
z - to try.
Whe it takes money to get peo
le to notice a fellow, he mnust have
ban durned comm1,n before.
The girl who mikes a confidant of
her moo aer is tae girl who never has
much bad news to peddle.
No :nan czn "settle up" and get
a cear recelot from GAd until he
square-s his acc:.unts with his neIgh
The fellow who thinks that the
Iwo id o:c him a living, is never
abe i~o cult c, onily about ten cents
The fellow who beiieses two much
la'pr. videnze" is LLe chap who gan
erally ;:as an empty pocket and a pat
hei~e pair of pants.
If w~e kne w thet all the foolish peo
p'e were to be kied on a certain day.
t1e m: j rity of us would get busy
wria; fare weil letters.
Te fellow who believes that a
ho:e s>.oe will briog him good
uck," is the fel'ow who is willing
frhis wife ta teke in washing to sup
Ip rt himself and three or four
The devil Is not afraid of the Preach
er who uses blank cartridges Wnat
tis country netd, is a lot of REs5L
precer; on the "firing line," with
:aded G- spA1 guns and with grit
enough to use them.
No Race Saicide.
The wife of W. W. Wilson of Aus
tin, near Chicago, is a wcma.n after
IPesident R~osevelt's own heart.
She has within the last eiehteen
months made an anti-race suicide
record of givicg birth to two sets of
tripes and less than four years ago
te same mother give birth to twins.
And a'l are reported to be alive and
din well It is related in reference
to s. Wilson that she has a twin,
wh s h m ther of twins, while twins
hav aso pear ;in the homes of
Iher usias. 0 3 Mr. Wils~n's side he
hs uczes w!;o ire twine, and one of
his sisters is the m~ther of twi ns.
The Djtrei: .Journal says 149 live~s
have ben sazriti e", over 70 s'iss
wtre wreckedl ar d a loss of nearie
87 000,000 i-as b~oussumined in the
th- big storms O.n the Great Lakes
thiss on.Tat this is most disas
tru esn in ;. history of ship
izg on the lakes is beyond doubt.
-H rS :oer; haove diSCOvercd ,
aoco t v.-i'. four babies. Such
a irrg r- '-r hapeued during form-|
r amii 1tratPons. Ihis the Roose- I
THE BOOL WEEVIL.
Damaged Catton ro an Extent of $50.
000.000 in a Year.
The extent to which the crops (f
the United States are ravaged by in
se-ts is scarcely res'z:-d by the pub
lic. The eubj ct is thus referred to
by 0. Arthur Williams in the Success
"The proceed : f:o' the wheat crop,
the avetare arnui farm value of
which my b -e ouhly put at $400,-1
000,300, ha'e In more than one year
been cut d:?n as m .cs 5) per cent
as a result f the cair'ed bug and the
hessian fly. Kirg c .tton alone was
damage. to thte extent rof nearly $50,
000,000 by the sc-:alled Mexican toll
weevil in th'e sirgie siare of T- xas in
1903, ac-o:dirg to a carefully com
piled rer;rt is'ued by the censrs bu
reau. The apple cr p has been re
duced as mucb as 25 p-r c -ut In many
Instances Ihough the oieratioLs of
the codltng m .th and other insrecs.
S.> ne mcap, t -o t:ruugh the eLtire
list. T:c burdcu is oistresingly
heavy, but it :s safe to assert that
farmers ten iva-who, obvikusly,
ought to keow as much of this phase
of the matter as a Ymoy-will agree
tzhat their lose:, in pr'.ctically every
instance, would bo. far greaer were
the scientif c kao-edge of the depart
ment of agricurure's staff rot put
to account. A cireful survey of the
facts leads to the conclusion that the
total damage esc' year would be from
two to f u tim:s as large were It
not for the d'partment of agricul
.ure's unremittirg warfare against
the pests, ard that amaimum deF
truction of $2,060,000 000, or nearly
one-h:lf th:e whole yearly value of
the cun-ry's crcps, at present, would
S omc F'gr..s To The Value Of.Do
Sacetary WIlson with his usual loy
alty to all that prtains to the farm
and farmer, calls attention in his an
nual report to the value of d>mestic
animtls and diary and poultry pro
He dec.ares that the faithful horse
Was trst threatened by the bycicle.
then by the suburban trolley and the
automcbile, but none of these things
nave been able to diminish his num
bars cr decrease his value. Tner:
rere the secetary says, 17,000,000
horses and mules at work upon Amer
ican farms at the close of the croy
year and their value was $1,2000 000
000 nearly as much as the corn of th
year. The prices of the animals have
Milch cows ar likewise advancing
in numbers and value, there being
17.5-j0,000, valu, d at $482,000,000.
Other cattle, however have declined
in number and value, last winter
numbering 43 669.000, and being
worth $66.000,000. Sheep are among
the losers but hogs are holding their
positions in numbers and value.
And there's the faithful old hen of
the farmer and the suburbanite
Secetary Wilson does not fail to hanc
ner a bouquet in passing. He sayE
she is a worthy companion to the cow
in the favors she showers up m the
American people. The annra a pro
duction of eggs is not a tc are at bill
ions and the products are valued al
calf a billion d:>llars. E ;gs are doing
substitute duty for high priced meat.
tne secntary sa.ys.
The Educatec Woman.
The time has core when the edu
cated wcmzn can no longer regarded
as a freak. If according to dredict
ions, domestic happiness is to fall ;
vitti.n to the mons:er, '-higher edu
cation,'.' it is t:me to -prepaae for the
funerah: T.se old fallacy that girls
are not abid to mentally cope witi
bys in the qursuit of classic studier
has recaiv'd its death blow. Of hon
or credentials Issued thre ugh the yea:
the larger numxr has been received
by girls and more wcman are seeking
.?dmission to thie c lleges than the
colleges have room for. The old c4y
that wonien have no use for the high:
er branches, because she will gel
:narried does rLot disprove the fact
that her trained intellect renders he.'
11l the more capable of carrying on te.
a satisfactory te-Lnihus the manifold
duties allotted her In her capacity 01
rlfe mother an'i ht usekeeper. Fom
the lnfcrmaticn of men who are con:
sidersng the talking of illerate women
as wives for the sole purpose of insur;
irg domestic peace, we call attention
to the fact that the div rce courtsa do
cot seem to be crowded with educatec
W< ff.rd koy Disappearsw.
A dispatc' fro m Spartanburg tc
The Net's and Courier says. "Hugt
Greighton, a student of Wofford Col
irge, disappeared from the city Satur
day. Tue y'oueg man's father, the
Rev. C. W. Creighton, of Greenwood,
editor of the Carlstian Appeal, was
aere Sunday making irnquiries, but
nas found nothing to indicate where
:he young man is likely to have gone.
Tne boy is 17, bas light hair, delicate
features, is tall, slightly stcoped,
and was last seen wearing a gray
The police are requested to look out
for him, and if found to notify his
f ither at Greenwood. The young
man understands typesetting.
Tis case of telepathy is reporter
from Union in a dispatch to the
State. A remarkable instance of
presentment of danger to his little
child Fdlday caused C. F. MacGreg
or, who was tusily at work in the
spinning room of the Union cotton
mill No. 2, suddenly to stop work
and rush home, where he arrived
lust in timne to see his little 10
months old child a mass of imes.
The mother had stepped out to a
neighbors for a few moments, and
but for the timely arrival of the
rather, the child would have been
burned to death. . As it is, the child
may yet die. The father's hands
seze terribly burned in the flames.
COL Coward, the edlent superin
tendene of the Citadel, can be relied
upmn to do what is right In the case
of h: z-ng now under investigation in
thai. institution. There is no such
thing as policy with the Colonel. He
will do his duty regardless of person
al cinstquences to himself.
TIHE Southern Catton AssocIation
is one of the best organizations in the
South. Every budlness man and cot
ton Zarmer in the entire South should
be enrolled in it a; members. It has
already saved the South millions of
:oars and w ill save it millions more
His Method Differs From Those
of Old Prospectors.
DRILL USED IN THE WORK
Great. Cost Sometimes incurred in
Projects Preliminary to Opening
Mine-Chemical Laboratory Car
ried by Pack Animals-Maps
Drawn on the Spot.
The yield from the gold mines has
Increased 60 per cent in less than a
decade. In seeking the reasons for
this truly. demarkable development
one is especially prominent-the great
advance which has been made in the
methods followed by the modern gold
seeker. The prospectors, says the Sci
entific American, have taken advan
tage of progress in geology, chemistry
and other sciences and have pro
vided themselves with mechanical aids
which are far superior to the crude
implements employed by the metal
hunters of the past.
In the examination of rock for metal
bearing ore, the arrastra of the Mex
icans and Spaniards has been u.sed
extensively, especially in California
and Oregon. This contrivance con
sists of a vertical shaft or axis, which
supports several wooden bars fastened
at right angles to it. To the ends of
the bars are attached heavy flat
stones, which, by the movement of the
axis, revolve in a circular pit, a stream
of water is turned upon them and the
arrastra placed in motion by animal
or water power. The ore is resolved
into a slimy sediment by being ground
in the water. and passes off through
the sluiceway, which is provided with
riffies for catching the gold.
The modem methods for searching
for desposits of precious metal are so
radically different from those describ
ed that it may be said a revolution
has taken place in prospecting in the
United States. In the Rocky Mountin
region the formation has been pierced
as far as 2,000 feet in the effort to as
certain the existence of a vein.
Among the mechanical appliances
which have been of great assistance
to the modern prospector is the drilL
With it he can make borings in a
week where, if a shaft were sunk, a
year would be needed. If the forma
tion is to be examined by a shaft,
however, the cost of sinking it is re
duced to a minimum by means of ex
plosive cartridges, which are now
manufactured especially for such ser
Few expeditions of any size are sent
out without an experienced geologist,
who is usually provided with maps
and other data giving the best infor
mation available regarding the region
to be explored.
Besides the geologist, the services
of an expert chemist are also of great
importance and a laboratory in min
iature is contained in the packs car
ried by the animals. So complete is
this portion of the equipment that a
fairly correct fteld analysis can be
made of the specimens secured by the
use of the drill or by the other pros
pecting tools. If the outcropping o
a quartz vein is discovered, enough
Is broken off to allow its character
to be studied both from a geological
and a chemical standpoint.
-After examining it in connection
with the formation in the vicinity, the
geologist is often able to indicate
where the, surface can be bored with
the possibility of reaching the ore
bea3ring stratum at once.
The value of the ore from, the out
cropping and that from the interior
can be approximately determined by
the chemist. To crush the ore is a
slight undertaking, and with the lead
which he has brought along the ma
terial can be readily fused in a port
able furnace- In fact, he has the es
sntials for making a "dry assay" on
a limited scale, for cupels are now
made of such light weight that they
can readily be carried on muleback.
In the outfit of the modern pros
pector quicksilver has become prac
tically indispensible. Its affinity for
gold makes it a rmost valuable agent.
Where 'the existence of placer gold
is imagined, the introduction of mer
cury into the test washer soon solves
the problem and avoids the use of rif
fles and other crude appliances which
were formerly dependent upon almosi
entirely. After crushing the speci
mens of test ore, the quicksilver can
also be used to ascertain the quantity
of free gold among the particles. As
the mercury can be eliminated by
heating the composition to a sufficient
ly high temperature, it is now utilized
in large quantities by the modern
Taking the Ingot of lead and of pre
cous metal he can easily oxidize the
lead by placing it in his cupel and
heating the latter to the required tem
perature in an oven constructed of ma
terial which he can obtain in the vi
cinity. With his nitric acid he sepa
rates the silver which may remain,,
leaving the gold only to be tested for
Its value. The proportion of the gold
to a given quantity of ore can be de
termined by his scales, but by using
his touchstone or black basalt he can
detect the quality of the gold by the
color which this substance makes
when drawn over the surface of the
Herd of Buffalo In Oklahoma.
Ranch 101 In the Ponca reservation
has purchased from a halfbreed In
dian at Missoula, Mon., a herd of
twenty fullblood buffaloes and will
maintain them for breeding purposes.
Probably the largest fullbiood but
falo in the United States is now on
the ranch. It was purchased from
"Pawnee Bill," and when In good flesh
last summer weighed 2,200 pounds.
Kansas City Zovrnal.
The secretary of the navy bas or
dered the dismissal of Midshipman
Joseph Ralph Williams, of Patterson,
N. J, a member of the first class, for
unsatsfactorness in studies and con
duct. It is seldom that a midship
man of the first class Is dismissed for
anything but specific misconduct.
Williams testified before the court
martial which Is trying Midshipman
Minor Meriwether, Jr., and told cf
an incident where Commander Hugo
Osterhaus reported a midshipma~n fcr
not resenting an insult, another mid
shipman having called him a "cheer
ful liar," which was afterwards ex
plained to have been a joke.
A T a recent political meeting in
ew York a candidate yelled; "What
Is the one thing that we of this com
munity are suffbring most from at
this time?' There was a silene and
ten a man with a big deep voice said
'bed bugs "
Gov- Heyward has decided to keep
the State cnstables in all the coun
ties that has voted out the dispensa
ry until the legislature meet, and
hen let that body deide the ques
EARLY .LE C; LOCOMOTlVEI
First Really Built 75 Years Ago-In
ventor Died W;thct Pzward.
It is generally supposed that the
electric locomotive is of recent inven
Lion. Comparatively young men can
remember the first electric cars which
were operated for public use, and it
will surprise many to learn that the
invention which has led up to the
splendid developments of today is
three-quarters 01 a century cld.
There lived in Brandon, Vt., in thu
year 18-k, a blacksmith of the name
of Thomas Davenport. He was not
only a good smith, but a man of ad
vanced thought, and possessed of a re
markable genius for experimenting on
various lines; and in this year he con
structed a model electric motor car
which ran upon a few feet of circu
lar track and was actuated by a g-1
This was the first electric locomo
tive ever built. At that time Sleven
son's first steam locomotive had been
in opei-ation only about ten years.
This model was exhibited at Spring
field, Mass., and later at Boston, and
its priority is unquestionca.
There was a vast diference in the
conditions under which these two trac
tors-one of steam and the other of
electric-were born, a digerence
which delayed the development of the
electric locomotive for half a century
and gave the steam locomotive a start
tor-.-ard a magnificent development
which has only just been overtaken
by its rival.
When Stevenson built his engine his
power (steam) was readily available.
Its capacities were understoond and
its production was comparatively
easy. His locomotive was invented
when the power was ripe for it. Da
venport, on the other hand, was far
ahead of his time and died without no
tice or reward. His memory has been
unhonored up to this day, but the de
velopment of his idea made seventy
five miles an hour two weeks ago.
His locomotive was invented when his
power (electricity) was little under
.tood and was obtainable only from
a few small battery cells, useful ,ole
ly for laboratory experiments. No
method of obtaining electrical energy.
force, or power from any source but
these batteries was thought of until
thirty years later.
In 1861 an Italian named Pacinztti,
invented the dynamo-the machine
which, connected to a steam engine
or cther power producer, generates
an electric current without the use of
batteries, the machine which has
made possible electric lighting, elec
trict traction and electric power for
all mechanical purposes.
When the dynamo was first intro
duced only one-half of its capabilities
were understood. The inventor had
produced a machine more powerful
and more magical than he himself sus
pected it. It was known that it could
be installed in an engine room and its
current used for electric lighting; but
the fact that its current could be car
ried over wires and used to operate
ears miles away was not known or
acted upon - for nearly twenty years.
The minds of men during this period
were engrossed in the perfection of
the dynamo and the problems of are
and incandescent lighting and the
railway motor was utterly neglected.
In 1879 Messrs. Siemens andi Halske
of Germany built at the Berlin Exhi
bition an electric railway about one
third of a mile in length with a lo
comotive drawing three cars carrying
twenty people. This. was the first
practical motor ever shown. It was
followed the next year by another
from the same works, which was put
in operation at the Zankerode mines.
This was the first electric locomotive
in the history of the world to "earn its
own living." Still, a year later, the
same firm equipped a railroad from
Berlin to Lichtenfelde, a distance of
one and a half miles. This was the
first electric railway for public ser
vice and it was an operative finan
cial success from the start.
And then the world awoke to the
possibilities of the new system'.
Very few engineers are bold enough
to say that they know the limitations
of the electric current; very many ad
mit their own limitations as to the
control of the giant. The question
as to Its availability for locomotive
power is settled. No steam locomotive
has ever been built to develop three
thousand horsepower. The questions
of conducting the current over long
distance trunk lines and the economy
of operation are yet to be settled.
Slaughter of Squirrels In Scotland.
The slaughter of 3,988 squirrels by
the Ross-shire Squirrel Club during
the past year is part of the war that
has long been waged in various parts
of Scotland. At one time the squirrel
bade fair to become extinct in that
country, but the afforestation of the
latter part of the eighteenth century
saved it, and helped it to develop to
the proportions of a plague. The
squirrel has a passion for the young
shoots of trees, and its nibbling is
apt to stunt the tree's growth, fir buds
and bark suffering particularly. .And
so hearts are hardened against the
squirrel, in spite of Its pretty ways
and name-which, literally, means
"little shady tail," being a diminutive
of the Latin "sciurus," which is sim
ply Greek Latinized. The Greeks
called the squirrel "shady tail" just as
they called the cat "wavy tail"-ail
ouros.-New York Globe.
Devils Were Plentiful.
In ancient and mediaeval times It
was supposed that devils were count
less in number. According to a writer
the Talmudists used to assert that
there were 7,405,926 devils. One old
authority on the subject affirmed that
every human being has 1,000 devils
on his right hand and 10,000 on his
Does Much Good.
Miss Helen Gculd,-with the intelli
gent aseistance of M4in L zzie Alt man.
annualv disburses 8500, 000 In charity.
Probably Miss Gould supports directly
and indirec ily more charities than
any person living. While it does not
mean that she gives a way such sums
as are recorded of the Rockefeller and
Carnegie charities, on the bess author
ity her donations annualy ret c'1 500
or inore' beneficiaries. Miss Altman
Is a Vassar graduate and first met her
present employer some seyen years
ago, when Miss Gould 'was visiting the
college. Since then she has been an
active agent in giving away nearly $4,
'THE e-.y of Washington, the capi
tal of the United States. has a colored
population of ninet) thousand, more
than any other city In the world, and
New York city follows with seventy
thousand, and Chicago third with
URIN~G the Civil War many peo
pie hired men to light in the war in
their stead. Some are now asking the
pension commissioner to pay them
the money they spent for this pur
one. They wil get nothing.
Damage in France Averted by Bom
An jntcresting report comes from
France in regard to the use of cannon
as a defence against hail in the agri.
culturAl districts. There are actually
in active operation tuenty-eight can
non firing societies, and they put into
use last year 42 cannon-with what
is claimed a very marited success in
dispersing or diminishing the force-e
of the storm. And, indeed. the stat
istics bear cut the claim of the can
nns effee~veness. Durirg the fifteen
years before the cannon were brought
into use, the Government reimabursed
tb poor grape growers in sLxteen
communes $2,572.01G for damag: suf
fered through hail, and an additional
half million dollars of damage is ctn
ccded to have been done. Opposed to
this is the report that during th- fve
years in which the cannon have been
in use the losses from hail have ag
gregated only $159,412.
The facts are all set forth in a re
port issued by the president of two
agricultural societies and a "hail can
non" society, the report being based
on the statements received after e1.ch
storm from the president of the a-;i
cu!tural society of the district. In re
gard to the conclusions, the writer
of the repcrt says: "We base our
confidence in the efficacy of the firing
on the fact that the thunder and light
ning ceased. the wind abated and Lbe
clouds disappeared under the dring of
the cannon, and a mild fall of rsin
and soft snow succeeded. These facts
are undeniable." While these results
were accomplished by cannon firing
the statement is vouched fer that "the
commune not defended by cannon suf
Apparently the efficacy: of the can
non is in proportion to the violence of
the storm, for it is conceded that a
certain great hurricane in July of 1904
caused incalculable damage m twen
ty-rme communes and that the -usual
six or eight' cannon in a commune
were powerless before the force of it
At the outset some effect was no
ticed after- the firing, softer hailstones
and less thunder and lightning, but as
the storm increased the firing had no
influence. However, taking the year
through, we get two such constrasting
reports as these: "In the country
known as Abresle there were but 'few
cannon in use and the destruction
from bail was widespread and dhss
trous." "The, great Beaujolais wine
growing district fairly bristled with -
cennon, and while there were many
storms the losses from ba'l aod wind
and rain we-e infinit.asiunal.
The ~ National Government is suffi
ciently interested to supply the power
to the wine growers at cost; and the
Bureau of Agriculture concedes that
those districts buying least powder
report greatest damage. But even
while the'farmers are organizing this
winter to carry on a more general
campaign in the coming season, the
secretary of the Bureau of Agriculture
says the Government is not yet ready
to agree that it is fully established
that the cannon firing does protect
the vineyards from hail.
Cannon firing to- cause rain has
been made the subject of more or less
experimentation in- this - country, with
so slight results that the subject is
rarely heard mentioned in these- days-,
But if the farmers of France have
kept at their firing to disperse storms
for five years and still have-such faith
in its effcacy that they put more can
non into use each year, it is fair
enough to say that the experiments.
are worth pursuing.--New Bedford
Sunday Overeating. -
If it is desired to begin the week
refreshed and ready for labor, rested
in mind and body, the eating customs
of Sunday will have to be re-adjusted.
Have a later breakfast, if desired, but
have then a very light one, even If
you are hungry. Or -if it must be
hearty, then do not upset your diges
tive habits any more than may be
avoided and have but .two meals on
that day, and eat no other. It would
be far better to have three light meals
lighter than -usual, if that can be ar
ranged to fit with the other household
arrangements. The custom of noon
dinner on that day arises from the
usual absence of cook or m~aid at the
later one ,and this may be unavoid
able. Very well, then; treat this as a
rest day for cook and digestive ap
paratus as well as from other labors;
have a light breakfast, a light dinrner,
and a chafing-dish supper as near the
ordinary hours of meals as possible,
and remember as you are going to
take less exercise than usual yoma de
mand a lesser amount of more easily
digested food.--Good Housekeeping.
Our Growing Cuban Trade.
Figures of the trade of the United
States with Cuba under the reciproc
ity treaty are published by -the De
partment of Commerce and Iabor
through its Bureau of Statistics.
The figures of the United States
government showing its total imports
form and exports to each country
of the world show that the imports
from Cuba in the calendar year 1904
under the reciprocity treaty were -
$74,950,992 in value, against $57,228,
291 in 1903. 'This Indicates an in
crease of practically $18,000,000, or 31
Turning to the export side, the
figures of the United States govern
ment show total exports to Cuba In
the calendar year 1904 valued at $32,
644,345. against $23,504~,417 In 1903, an
increase of S9,139,928, or 38.9 per
cent-an increase of practically 40
per cent.-Harper's Weekly.
Some of the German health Insur
ance companies have found it a pay
ing investment to establish sanatorla
for the care of their consumptive pol
Icy holders. ___
Ship and Crew Lout.
It is believed that the steel steam
er Ira H. Owen has been wrecked and.
that its crewr of 19 men are drowned.
The ship was last seen cn Tuesday 40
miles from Outer Island in Lake Su
perior. The Chicago owners have
given up all hope of the vessel. The
Owen's captain was J'os. Mulligan of
A. E. MXIos a newspaper manager
of Detroit, says: "The true barome
'er of business is the ccuntry editor.
When he is prosperous every body
else must be. The country editor is
the last to get his dues; This year
he Is doing a good business, which
means that the E n'ire country Is un
"I d-o not believe in sandiwiching'
courtship with religion," said the sec
retary of the Y. M. 0. A. In New
York recently. "'No man can hold a
hymn book with a charming young
woman ani pay attention to what the
minister is saying." He advocates
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