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VOL. XX.. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. MARCH 7, 1906. NO. 23
HA'Y IRIAL. The Crowd Applauds One of the Lady Witnesses WHILE ON THE STAND 0 1. of the Zonasdl. Attacks the Characters of Two of the Actresses Who Testified, But Failed to Shake Their Tustimony. A dispatch from G: ffSy to The State says when the detense had Ex hausted its aff.irts to have the Hasty caae continued, the selection of a jury was entered upon. Eaich side of the cm exhausted its challenges, but there were yet six names in the box when the jury was c->mpleted. There was one witness diszqualided on ac Count of pri judice, which he did not try to conceal. One was sick. There have been some dramatic periods in the trial of George Hasty for the murder cf Miilan Bannets in this city on the 15tn day of last Dem mber. The prisoner is nob being tried for the murder of Abbott Davien, the actor. for it was declde to n ke separate trials of the t'- irdic -ants. The prosecution hwl urought out some very damaging ev.dence and the de fense has failed to shake the wit nesses. The sympathy of the people of the city of Ga.ffrey was- shown Thursday when the court room was filled with . applauss after one of Col. Johnson's unsuccessful attempts to badger the witnes, Miss Varnie Sheridan, who was to have been married to Milan ennet. The little woman refused to be scared by Col. Johnston's attitudes or by tne evidence against her moral characte-, which he indicated that he would7produce. The little woman stood th'e ordeal in a very remarka ble manner and is admitted to have made a fine witness. Her testimony was unshaken and the attempts t weaken her evidence by comparing it with what she had said at the inquest, resulted in her statements on the stand being strengthened rather than otherwise. Once when Solicitor Sease was examining her he told her to tell all she knew of a certain part of the cfiee, "and don% let's have any play acting," said Cl. Johnston. At this Mr. Sease seemed to be a little vexed and he declred vehemently that his witness was not acting but telling the t:uth. , - At andther time Col. Johnstone was trying ti break down the witnes; with reference to the position oi George Hasty's au-s when he was trying to t rce hin.stir into Miss Sier idan's rcoma hrocuga tne trans.om, in order to illustrate, he called .Hasty over to him. "Ctme here, George," he said and as the s-.llow youth, who had shot toedeath the young man to whom she : was to be married, ap proached the witness a tremoir ran over her fiame and she said to the court stencgrapher brckenly, "I can not touch tnis man." But she was not required to do. She was game ali the way through the terrible inquiry at the hands of Col. JJunstone and gave just as good as was sent-. After the first demounstrationl of appiause Judge Memminger declared that he woud clear the room upon a repati tion being tried, but there were fr quent suppressed sigrs of approval when Miss Sneridan wonud with ease parry a thrust from the gifted attor ney. Col. Johnstone asked questions which are hardly per missible in print and the young woman never flinched. If the charges were true her candor and frankness stamp her as a very clever actress. If they were untrue she is an artistic aclress jaist the, same, for she never showed by wino ig that she suff.ered. Many who weni; into the court room pr'3judiced against her came away impressed witrn her womanlines. I; has been the claim or the defense that Hasty was struck to the knees before he fired the fatal shots. Tue evidence shows that the ball which killed~ Bennett took a course and raged along the face of the seventh rib for an inch and a half. The defence .somewhat "rattled" the witness who gave this testimony, Dr. Allen, by asking him if he had not had a bet up on the outcome of the trial, but Dr. Allen stated that as -soon as he realized that he was to to an important witness he took down the bet which had been offered with Gunter, with whom he frequently make wagers In a friendly way. The defense may produce evidence to bes mirch the young woman's chastity or reputation,~ but even that would not entirely wipe out the manner in which she testiied as to the sequence of events and there are many people here who believe that the defense could not blacken her character. That remains to be seen. She denied with out any stege, airs but in a level and open manner the accusations that she and Bennett had relations to each other which are not countenanced ex cept by martial rites and the case in point was alleged to have happened at Ga toia, N. C. Sae is ac.used, in Col. Johnston's questioning, of having been seen in GaffnOy lying on the bec in Bennett's arms the dlay before the hom~cide. Tuese are sa-i accusationl: to make against a woman unless the3 can be proved. 0o1. Johnston's questions suggested that he would try to bring cut ths1 qne of the yourg women was seen rid ing horseback in a-n immodest manne: jat Gstnlia. Before the witness cam' o the stand she identified a pictur ~of Miss Bisuop, which the witness hac taken the atternoonl of the nide e Gastoia and there wasinothing~ im modest about Miss iBishop's costumi or attitude Bast's almost defiant attitude ha changd somewhat. He is of the meic Sdramatic kind. He Is a cotton mul opeative, it is said, arzd the whol amil appear to be people of a n high order 0: mentat?. Tr "e Do in besiriess hrre any or-ger T :e Tm revoked the license of the hei aa't is being run in aoot bEr ns=. L h not appear to be P paoe which saicul have been shunned b; these acter pcc ple and once inside the- sranzer fel somethig itke a homeliks atmospher in t! e place. Th-se sbtaw pnople stopp d th-or b3cause it was near Cris.3 =-. :hey were saving up for that gkir festival. Tue ht1 is -ll on e s c ord floor and the rmcn occup:O t Mss Sheridian is nlked on e1:e s d >y a hallwAy. Ta-re -s a pC1 : r:-u, d .the entire rear of the bailji. g a;a i vas from this porca that same 0 tricd to gain actess to their reo= b ,ore she called Bonneir, viO c sleeping, c-:uving a ro .m remorec from hei's by the bath :o -m. T::z unly damagirg thing b:u-g't t ut S ar is tuat there was anoiver man In the room with Bennett when shxecaL. ed and he is not here to testiy in the case. S me time since Mr. Hervev had anartucle in Tae S'.ate intimatiV stat Miss Sheridan's conduct after -he trial was suspiciou; He is want ed here as a witness, but it was ad mited that be had ,ivad h-.re und r an assumed name in his corre- pon dence. On account of. thne alc.nce of this witness and for other reasons Mr. Johnson had asked for a contir uance of the case, but the judge de c!ded that the case must go on Elervy, at the time of tue tragedy. was a telegraph operator and it is stated that he furnished to the press of the country an article c-ntaining certain facts that, if proven to be true, would mitigate in favor of Hasty. Miss Bishop, one of the memeers o: the troupe, testified F:iday. H r tet Simony was a corroboration of that of Miss Sheridan, who testted Tnuro day, to the eff c. that the killing was without provocation. Attempts wtre made. by the defense to prove that the characters of the two lady witnes-cs were not what they should be, but the court ruled that while questions pet taining to this matter coulo be ask-d, they need not be answered. Miss Bishop, in her own defense, aked that she be allowed to answer and that nothing be left in doubt. A smnsational feature was the intrcduc -ion of a manakin to s*iow the prog ress of the fatal bullet. Tue ap perrance of the grewsome otl gt,threw Miss Sneridan into nystedicsand i;h; was led from the c.urt-r'oom. Th defense began its tes.imony late in the day. Is established the tbeory tht self-defense was to be the pol-cl of its evidence.. A renewed. attempt was maie also to impeach the charac tr of the two l.dies of thr theatrical empany. At the opening of the court FrIday the defense asked to put onze of their witnesses, one Strickland, of Gosto na, on the stand, as he bad just left the bedside of a s ch ckili The de fense wanted to prove the conduct of isses Sneridan and Bitcp by this witness, who is an agent Aor some reai estate men. The quest..lens were & KcO m, but the court would not allow him to answer. Dr. Nesbitt was next colled. He test:fiA do holdirg a posh-sortem, and with the aid of the ma~iken &s cribed the range of builet after it had entered the booy. He alho tes~iileo tat he did not see any weapon on the person of Mr. Bennett wuen. he examined him. He also idente the coat and vest worn by the aeceas e. 'After ciaminirg two witnesses Dr. Nesbitt and John Speccr, the state rested. During recess the jury ws taken to the scene of the tragdy .In t~he af tern..;on the defense put UP several witnesses to prove the chiareczrr of the two young ladies, Misses Soerid~a. nd BWshop, but it was ruled cu:, the judge sayirng: "It appears to me onat you are trying theso two vson-n. ad not the prisoner." Wil1 ann Ar ehr Hsty and their two mives were pu on the stand. Toey tried to prove that the two dead men had Grorgs down and that he shot In self-usfeusie, and that tae Misses Sheridan and Bishop were n-:t eye-witnesses. Miss May Bishop, one of the inno cent causes of the eragedy and one of the eye- winesses cf the shooting, was next csiI'd by the state. She made aar excellent witness and wue another match for Coloni 1 J.-hnstone. Miss B~shop testified to toe sho :t ig. At the time that Hasty ann Mr. Bennet left the room she was sitticg at the dining table. Sne tried to get Mr. Davinson not to go out in the ball, but he went any way. She got up and started to the dcor. Just as she got there she heard two pistol shots in quick succession, and saw Mr. Daviasonl grapple with Hasty, caking hold of his right band anc forcing it and the pisurl egainst tni wall, While Davidson hati hold c1 him he jerked locse and shot Mr. Ben nett. Her testimony was inentici with her testimony at the it quest. Ii the cross-examination she as.ed Mr Johstone to help her, and she woulh illustrate bow the shooting ccarrE d Mr. Johnstene took hold of her arm and she je-ked losse as Htsty hat done, illustrating the shooting 1~ ivid manner. Crooks Cauahr.1 A broadway house was raided I! IAtlanta on Friday and nine preten da beggers were taken into cu:,tody.: Tni room occup;ed by tw.ocf e meuI, C H. Clark and Tuomas Nowman s ached and a satchel was O:sc~vetE( containing a cinplete sa5a-ram5 outfit. Ciark is apparently the leade of ts gang, and iewas p~-ced u- da a 3000 cnd i'po court pencm., turder invsigaUof of the . mrt . C'ark and Newman were alsfr reasur ed by the Berti~ltn expert at the fed eral prisen and photographed. Sevel of the men were sent to the srock .d and held for the higher court. Tr. other three will meet a simuniar fate ISome of the men are curiously mais. Ied and said they were professions bcgger. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A Sensation in Marion. A special fromn MrrIon save form:e County Superir.tenderit of E 'ucatio R aymond Berry. urder $2,400 bar for emnb zz'ir g school funas, f.uiltd t apar at his trial set for Wened 1Additional warrants having bo sworn out against him on Tuerd e ) ue of that night for pares unknomv BATTLE BELINS Senator Tillman Opens Greatest Fight in Senate's tiistory. WILL BE TO A FINISH. Senator Aldrich Gives Notice of a Ba! tie R..yal Agatust the Hepburn Rate Bill in the Presence of Crowded Galeries in the Senate. Lst week in the Senate chamber the ring was pitched for the great. baztle between the American people and the railroad-. Tne follbwing de szription of the opening of the battle, which was written for the New YoLk American by Julian Hawthorne, will be read with interest. The public, says Hawthorne, was present to the czxent of the gallery accommodaticns, and ,earlv ev-ry Sanator was at his desk Nothing was one, however, ou:ther than that tbe combatants bowed to each other, and put on cheir gloves; the seconds conferred as to the rules tnat shculd govern the combat, a-nd arrangments were made for the printing and dissemination of the rec ords cf the prir.cipsls up to this time. I. is dn :erstoud that the fight is to be to a finish, and will end with a knockout fcr one party or the other. No more important event has come up for decisicn in the national prize rirg during recent times. In other language, Senator Tillman, in charge of the Dolliver Hepburn railroad rate bill, made the formal s'atement that the bill had b:en re commendtd by the committee for pas ssge without amendment, and that he himself, as soon as he had sufficiently digested the subject, would present nis:rep rt upon It in writing. LayiEg bis left band on the pile of p; pers and volumes on his desk, he adoed that he wished ten thcusand ca.pits of the reports cf testimony and information gathered by the commit tee to be printed for the better in struc.icn of those interested, In which proposal he was supported by Foraker and Allison, and, there being no ob j -etion, it was so ordered. ALDRICH'S NOTICE OF BATTLE. Senat.'r Aldrich thea arose verv serious and with less color than usual in nis face, though whether owing to emotion or to insufficient breakfast did not appear. He observed that in the ordinary course of things the bill wculd have emerged from committee with amendments, and that he believ ed that ali S.-nators except Foraker, who objected to any legislation at all. ,eired the bill to be amended. Er c pt. for these amendments no obstruc ion to irr.mtdiate consideration of the bill wculd be cff red on his side. Mr. McCumber annourced that he had a sub~titute for the entire bill, wrich he sent to the desk, and will ~peak cn later; and then other busi ness supervened and the galleries were oft with their mouths open. One of the first things that Till man said lest week, when asked about the bill, was that he did not regard it as a partisan measure. In this be -hwv~ed his sound -arse, and the Amer ican pcople will be found in hearty accord with his attitude. Any senator or Representative who tries to play politics with the rate bill will make the mistake of his career. Tce people are-in earnest; they want to be protected against the tranny, aggression and insolence of h e railroads. Trey know that rob beries and outrages have been ano ';aily are c:mmitaed against the pro perty and rights of individnals by railroads. They want to ha.ve these wror gs righted, and they are not to oc deterred frm having them right ed by any special pleas about constitu tionial limitations or legal technicall ties... THE PEOPLE's POCK.ETS PTCXEI.. They know that their peakets are being pickrd, and they will resent any suggestion tbat It can be legal to pi-:k them. Nar will they accept a remedy which is remedial to the eye ooly, and by means of delays and com -oleations turns out to be no practical remedy at all. SomethiDg must be done;it must be :done at once, arnd it must be so done a~s to be effetive foir the endxin view. Toat is the ultimatum. Democrat or R :publican, House, Senator or Execuative, may take the cre2dit of iti when it is..~one-that is quite imiaterial to the people. But -noeysr opposes Its doing-still more, aof*ever temporarily prevents its doing-is never likely to find any ad equate compensation, either personal or political, for that- ht. Moreover, the act itself -would be futile. Should the bill, owircg to the ma chinations of the railroad gang, fail or be 6masculated in this session, it mil nefobnly' be the cause of woe to its .,dversaries, but it will be brought up tg ain in a form, and with an empha xiwhich i; ligely to make its adver -s rles regret that they did not agree si h the people while they were in the way with them. IThe American spirit is not dead, thougu it is buried deep under preoc Cu ps tion, selfishness and heedeless ness, la co nes to life when the provo eston is ade.quate; and tne provec;. ':on toc-i,.yv is quite as al-qua~te as it was w'-en sahe tnlrteen Colonies rose agains King George. -THlE PEOPLE ARE RSEADY TO RISE. iOur people has all due respect-am ple respect-for vested inserests and for fair play. It may for along time b hk-wed by intricacies of law e~nd iosf special privilege, but o2 is hea:s a hint of subjection to a movi'yed oliiarchy it will rise in a 0menace as fr)m'able as the plague, aod as immikigable as death. a M reover, this issue, like many cot ere, is cot one that will be forgot from It by other IFsues. It Is a vital issue to the welfare of them all, and will press upon all more intolerably day by day. To delay justics is to inflame resentment and the consE quences of that resentment, if unap peased, may well appal the most bra z:n tblef that ever wore broadcloth and cut cff cLupons. It is well that Aldrich and Foraker. md their acxompclices in and out of C,-Tgress, should be p'aced in a p -si tion %here their character and pur pose mut be revealed by thei word. and acts. They thought to gain a strat-gic point by thrusting the bill into Till man's hands, because Tillman has oeen represented as an extremist, a danger.us man, unfl to be ent:us'Ed with a measure Eff:cting the welfare of the wbole people. But, in truth. the SC uh Carolinian is a statesman whcse c;libre has not yet been meas ured. He can be fierce and passion ate, but be holds himself in his own control. H c 'n go forward at need like a cyclone, but he can also meas ure his steps and see ahead. His honrsty is above all shadow of suspicion; and of how many of bis c..l le gues can so much be said? He is as imple, and as dangerous, as a twc edged sword. He is not educated in ti e hair Fplittings of the law, but he is thoroughly grounded In justice and equity. BEST CUSTODIAN OF THE BILL. He hates wrong, loves right, and. fears no min; and these attributes, togceth'er wi-.h an ample intellectual odowment, render him, perhap', the very best custodian of the bill that its best friends-or the best friendl uf a just and adequate measure, rath er--could have picked out. If Mr. Aldrich thought otherwise, he made a mistake. But the Hepburn bill in its present shape is not a just and ad, quate meaeure, and the more it is studied, the more probable does It seem that If it be suffleiently amended to fu'fi' thi real object of railroad legislation there will hardly be a clause of it left. Perhaps no one feels this more sen sibly than Mr. Tillman. And certain ly In that cse no one cculd be more icxible than Mr. Tillman In insist ig that the requisite alterations, even though they result in an entire ly new bill, shall be made. In its final form, be what it may, it will go back from the Senate to the House and thence to the President. What will the President do with it? Should he venture to defeat, or to leave unsupported, a truly good meab ure for relief from railroad oppression, nothing is more certain than that public obloquy will overtake him. Much will be urged on him abcut 'giving the railroads a square deal" and not alienating investment of cap ital in railway enterprise but there is no danger of our being ief t railroad. less, or of railroad millionaires being driven to the poorhouse. Lat him keep his eye single upon the rights and needs of the people, and, in the long run-not such a very long run, either--every limb and o: gan of the body corporate will par take of the benefits. STORY CF A LXTTZE Whch Went Around the World in Six atonths. Henry M. Fleidner, of Anderson, S 0., received a letter Sunday from 0ape Town, Atrica. BACk of the receipt of the letter is an Interesting story. Last Augcnst, while living in Preenvile, Mr. Fieldoer read a news paper article telling of the efficiency of the postal system of the world, working in harmony with each other and determined to test the matter for himself. He a'ddressed a letter to himself at Cape Town, Africa. The envelope bore the request to be forwarded- to Sidney, New South Wales, if not db ivered at Cape Town, and if not de tivered at Sidney to be returned to Greenille. Toe letter was mailed on train No. 11 at Greenville o.2 August 1.6. and s arted on its long journey . It was receved at Cape Town on September 28, and was for warded from there to Sidney, reaching tne latter place on October 19. Nit being claimed at Siney it was started back to.- Greer llle. It reached Seattle, Washington February 24', and was forwarded from Greenvule to Mr. Fleidner's addrezs in Anderson, reaching him on Febru ary 25. T..e letter had been traveling a lit. ?le over six months, and had been to a number cf difbrent places. Tne en velop bore several p:>stoffice stamps which were illegible, but was still in tact and in good shape. The cost of carrying the letter on its long journey was only 15 cents. Mr. Fidner has the satis'action of knowing that the postal system of the world is a pretty effieient institutin. He also has the satisfaction of know ing that there is nobody by the name of Henry M. Fleidner at Cape Town, South Africa, or at Sianey, Ne a S~zuth Wales. Sets the Pace. A dispatch from Washington says Senator Tillman, since he has been brought prominently forward in the rate legislationl fight has made one announcement that has been well re ceived in the Senate and even in the House. It is to the elfset that there is no necessity for him ta visit the White House for conference with the President. "The Senate now has charge of this matter," he says, "and will be able to perfect it without as sistance. The president has perform ed his duties In the case in making recommendations to Congress and in expressing his vIews as to what he thinks ousht to be done." The idea of Senator Tlllman is voiced most heartily by the Senate. Saueors Eescued. After a night of horror on the deck of their vessel with death almost stAr ing them in the face for hours, the crew of the* four-masted schooner George M. Grant from Branswick, Ga., to Perth Ambert, N. J., lumber e~n, which went ashore at Cape Henry, were rescued Wednesday a. m. by the Norfolk with the ship wreeked men. The indications are that the vessl will be a total loss. SWEPT BY WIN31. One Hundred and Fifty Persons Are Reported Killed. MANY ARE MGROES. Several Blocks ci Buildirgs Comaletely Demolished, After Which the Wreckage Took Fire. Great Damage to '?ires ard Other Property. A dispatch from Mobile says a pri vate lorg distance message recivad from Meridian, Miss.,-at 9 40 p. m.. says the f1ie is raging in the devastat ed district. The work o? the resxen! s going bravely on, but owing to all ights being cut lanterns and candles are being used ard the work is neces sary slow. It i thought that 150 bodies are In the wreckage. Tire union depot is one of the tuildings bloan away. The telegraph wir a are still down between Meridian, M-bile and othEr points. A large rumber of persons are known to be killed and many are m:ss ing and unaccounted for at midnight. Among those known to be dead are: Mrs. Ela Singleton and granddaugh rer, Mackey Slaughter, Claude Wil liams, P. T. McInnis, conductor on the Mobile and Ohio railroad; Wil tiam R. Nelson, f )rmerly city mar shall. Among the wounded are; Charles Emire, W. .T. Wcoiide, T. H. Brown, Ernest Bennett, Frank Wocdruff, Will Yarbrough and W. C. Mrrison. Information has reached Mobile by telephone, all telegraph wires bei- g d)wn, that a destructive tornado vis ited M-ridian, Miss., at 6 30 o'clock last evening, killi:g 21 white persons and over a hundred negroes and dam - ging property to the extent of 81, 500,000. There were also scor..s :eri >usly fr jared by being caught in the wreckage of hcuses. The tornado caught the city on the southwest ane traveled to the northeast, expen- -in tself in two su'urbs where many nE groes were killed and injured, a whole enement district being wiped out. Two large wholesale stores, several smaller ones, part of the principal iotel, the electric lighting plant and ,ll the small property between the obile and O.io railroad and the busi ess part of the city was badly dam ged. Twenty men were caught in De restaurant and several wexe killed. wo stories of the Y. M. C. A. tul Lng were wrecked and other buildings juffered in the upper stories. The iegro tenement district north of tne :ity was demolished and the debria -ught fire, threatening a new dangec ut the local department, with the ielp of hundreds of cit'z ns, cera reame tis after a ihard light. They 'wee asisted by torrential rain. .following ~he tornado. The city Is in darknEss nd the full cxtent of the disaster will not be known until daylight. The mown path of the storm was aboutI 00 feet wide and one mile in length. A long distance message to Th~e tem from Meridian, Miss., says a cy lone accompanied by heavy rain truck that city this evening at 6.30 'clock. The st rm centre was in the iuthern portion of thre city and part culerly hea-y along Front stree% ne of the principal business streets of he town. 2Nearly every house ron ront street is reported to have been demoished. The Armour Packing plant ir:;m which tlhig message was re eived by long distance, is the only uildipg . lef t standing and the roof ot this is gone. Fire broke out in the ruins and de spite the heavy rain, the flhmes were urning tiercsly when this report was fled. A L.umber of bodils are report d to be in the ru:ns andc taC ro.:cuers~ are working by- cn~d-le light. The city; is In total darkness, the electric lighting plant having been put out f business. The cyclone did seveore amage at other plints adjacent to eridian and all trains eatcrirg Mer idan are delayed indefinitely. Taie The Western Union Telegraph comp any reported having lost 15 miles of wire and the Pascal Telegraph com pany also suffared great damage. Tne wires are down between Atlan ta, Blrlmgham, Memphis and other points' and it is impossible to secuie communcatiCn with the stricken city. A long distance message to The Item from J. D. Breaux, service man of the Cumbera~nd Telephone compa ny at Meridian, Miss., gives ccmnplete details of the cyclone that struck Merdan at 6 30 o'clock Friday even ing as follows. During a neavy rain storm at 6.30 o'clock a storm clcud developed in the south and moved on thescity, strIking Frnt street, the business centre, with full force. The wind was prot ably blowing 75 miles an hour. The cyclone passed over in about two min utes and during that perIod three or fur whole squares were devasted. A conservative estimate places the num er of buildings blown down at be twaen 30 and 40. Among the heaviest losers are the Meyrr & Neville Blardware company; oin L ie & C,., v'holesale dry goods and groceries; Joseph H. Moore, wholesale dry geoos and groceris; the New 0.-eleans and Northwestern rail rod freigiit depot and other buil dings, the names of 4/hich are not obtanable at this bcur. The Mobile and Ohio depot is safe as welil as the Southern hotel, bui'tte Grand Ave nue hotel was copsidernably damaged, the guests in the latter building es capng, and no one was injured. From the busneSs centre the cy cloie jumped to East End, where a number cf residences were blwn down and others badly damaged. Mr. Breaux stat-es that the number of lives ot is small. probably not more than three or four persons. One of the victims, a man named Johnson, Is hemmed In by the wreckage and at 10 o'clock Friday night he was reach ed bo the rescers to whom he spoke and begged them to hurry and extri cae him. Several fires were started as a re j cf the eyclone but the only one of seriu; c nscg Ae-:c,, was that in LOe I the ccmpretse3. All fires were ex _ogui,-hed by 10 p. m. Mr B-eaux r-oucts all trains entering tne city rn t- e. Wires of the Lelegraph compa nies are still down. RU." ACMiAGN, AND DIVERSI. Y CROPS IS TBE RO iD 10 SUCCE 39 FOR Our southern tarmers, Who Are Yow at the Crisis in the Cot ton Situaticn. This is the critical year with the S:uthern cotton f:rnmer. Tils is the yEar that Is to decide whether he has sel-control enough to govern himzelf, or whether lack of self-control will ag.iin make him a slave of the sp-cu lato-S. Toe issue hangs upon whetber the cotton zc'eage is increastd b.ycnd that of 1905. It it is increased, juic in that proportion will prices decline. There is nothing surer tnan that. O if proof were .eeded, let any one ex amine the "Statistical View of the Cotton Situation" in the Manufactur ers' Record of January 27tn by that unbiased authority, Col. Alfred B Shepperson, of N'ew York. F:omn Col. Shepprson's article we get these in controvertible points: 1. The visible supply of cotton is materially larger now than a year ago. 2. Eaglish mills are likely touse less of or cotton this year. "In view of the very much larger supply of E ist Indian cotton this season and the comparatively high prices of Ameri can cotton (now five cents per pound above the price of a year ag )," says Col. Shepperson, "I think Earcr-an mills will use during the seasoa 50, 000 bales more of East LIan-n 30.:.on than last season and 400,000 . 1.., leS of American cotton." 3. Japanese mills will also require let-s American cotton ihis year. Har they use in the E ..t Indian ccston, and they ba;o already imported a large stock of Ame-ean coiton. Col. Shepperson thinks the Japanese de r.- d wil. be for 151,003 fewer bales 4. In-* vith its increased crop will robabl send 500,000 more bales to Eu-..pe ;an last season, and this also means a lessened demand for our Southern product. 5. Egypt also comes up with a ma Lerially increased crop-a fifth warn ing against a big Southern crop. 6. Most of the new Manchestery mills of which we have heard so muoh are for spinning fine yarns from Egyp tian cotton-and so do not call for the excepted increase from our South ern farms. 7. All in all then, Col Shepperson as serts that with a materialy increased supply of our cotton on hand, "the estimated consumption of American coton. by the world's mi~ls this sea son will be only 11,368,000 bales, o 0.000 bales less than last season." In veiw of these facts, and in view of the further fact that throughout the South there is an unusual demand for guano and for mules, says the Progressive Farmer and COt to2 Piant., it is indeed high time for the South ern farmers to call a halt and tak:. their bearings. AI~d theie is no better way for them to work out of this diffculty than to come together in the (Gotton Growers' Association, and resolve that the Suth with its laurels of victory fresh on its brow, must not now ccmomic flancial suicide must not increase te . -lotton acreage beyond that of 1905. Let crop diversification be the watchword. There is money In corn, in peas,. in fruits, In yegetables, In live stock. If we keep our cotton acreage where it is a-id make supplies for ourselves aid our neighbors from these other crps, tihe South will ro an become e richest section of our country. It we go wild over COtton andi repeat the blunder of 1904, tne moritgage and the crop lien wilh again re-:urn to hat us and to mock us for cu fully Go to your Cotton Growers' meet Ings, organi es.oi township anc ctunty as directed elsswhere in this isue, and prepare for the contest. The Southern farmers have shown that they have the manhood and met le to stand adversity. TLue next forty days will show! whether they have the prudence andI self-ontrol of stand prosperity. Or ganize your township. Slaot An Actress. While ahe Chicago Stock Company was playing at the theatre at Liuton Ind., Tiaursday nighs Miss Pearl E. Elvyn, a member of the troupe, mace several slighting remarks about the town wnich some of indience ap pauded and others hissed. The. act ress took the applause for commnenda tion and referred again- to the town in the same way. While the audier-ce was indulging-in ljissing and applause a man in the rear of.the house with an oath, drew a revolver anci aimed it at the actress. and fired. The bullet struck Miss E~vyn in the leg and she fell on tne ti or of the stage. In an instant the house was int an uproar, with women and children crying and a ringing their hands, and men rusr. ing, trying to find the person who dd the scoting. Tae shooting broke-, up the play.;~Miss E:vynl wasg.emoe to a dressing' rcom aod. hey wound prod not to be-serious,A the ball having penetratedlcnly. the' calf of her leg. . .. ~ He Ran Away, , Lieut. Arthur H. Freawater, of the Twenty-ninth-ilnfantry,. who recently hird o Mexicofrom hais army post in Texas, where he was confronted witn charges of embezzlement of campany, funds and swindling of. enlisted men, was droyphd from tne army roll as a desertei-, having been absumt withcut leaveler three. mnontas. Tne D.:par.. mencil.Justice and the State Depar. menwill hot relax in their efforme to secure the arrest and extradition of Llcu: Freawater. TAKE THE TOWXN AND THRE tTEN TO K[LL NEGROES. And '?heir Fouses Set on Fire Because a White Brakeman Had Been Hurt. S :varal da: s last week Sprirgdeld, 0A 1, was thie scene of much disorder un acc.uut of the shcoting of a white ra: mni ramed M. M. Davis b) P:eston Laio and Edgar Dean, cc larf d bona of w-,Um baa teen place 1 undr irress and br cause of threatene' lyrebing hu- rked und!er cover of dark Uess by -te authorities to Daytor, where they are now safely lodged It j. i1. Wrafn the mob learned tnat the prisoners .ad bEen taken from Spr'og ti M it nient to that part of towr: known as the ''Jungle," inhabited b3 col-re-d people, and began to bur and icot dwelling houses and saloons. At least six dwellings were burced an d the contents of one stlcon looteed. A force of 75 members of Iccal militar cmpanies are guarding the scene .-re ne mob holds swvay. Miyc-r Todd shortly after 9 o'clcck a-kd that c -mpanies of the Tairo regiment, OCaio Nitional Guard, be caAied out. The mob soon reached t le "Junges" and battered one house to pices with stones and posts used .s battering rams. A general fire alarm was stunded. The sounding of the gongs served to fill the street with people and the feeling in the crowds was tense. The mob entered Kemp lei's saloon in East Columbia street and quickly looted it. Kempler and his wife fled, leaving their three little children asleep in a room over the saloon. The building was riddled with bullets and stones and it was only by men that a way was forced through the mob and the children rescued. After the pillaging of the saloon drunkenness was an added feature of the riot. At 11 r'c:ock members of the mob oroke , ough a cordon of police ank set ti-. to a house in the 'Jungles," wh:ch was qicklv burned down. S rgeant Ureager, who had charge L De r quad of police, was hit on the head wvo a brick and sericusly wour ed. A ri qipat was sent out 10 0' clock for tMO X.adia miltary company. At mi--.ight six houses, wnich had been firea by the mob, were burning de; c: ly and the police had apparent ly lost control of the situation. Only six members of the lccal militia res ponded to the mayor's call and .tbe Xsnia c-mpany, whica was expected had not arrived. Sneriff Almoney wired Governor Patterson the following: "Send all possible troops and hold others in readiness for tomorrow." Sergeant Creager, the policeman hit- in the face with a brick, is In a serious c.n diticn. The mob Is stoning and j-jer Ing the militiamen, ut a show of bayonets has suffered so far to keep the rioters on the move. Tae rumor that out of town troops are momen tsrily expected is having a quieting ffect on the mob. Tne city authorities succeeded at 12 15 o'cock Wednesday in assembling 0,3mpanies B. and C. of the third reg iment, 0. N. G., which are stationed here. The total force numbers about 75 men. They are now on the &cene of the fire and have pushed the mob back both ways in Columbia street, east from Water street and west from Foster street. Just as the troops ar rived one more building was fired ano no c ffurts were made to save It, the police, firemen and the guardsm~n are now directing their efforts to frcing the rioters back and saving te property cutside of the doomeo square. The militia were assembled only in the nick cf time, as the mob had been arused to a frer z; of rage an d threat ened to repeat the scenes of March 7, 194, when R.chard D ion was lynca ea before the troops ctu d prevent it. The police will make no arrests in cnecticn with the rioting. Davis, the braiaeman, is still alive at a hospita], but there are no hopes f bis rezcovery. T*wo companies of the Tnird reglment are on duty at the scene. A c~mpany of the Ninth baa tallion, negro troops, is held in read iess 12 the armory. Tne burned district comprises less tan a city block. The tu:ldings were all cheap tenemnts. Wuen the poiice and tire department were unsue to cope with the situation,. Myr Todd called up the acjnutant geeral on long dista ce telephone and asked asurtatnce. Mayor Kiefer nad great d~fifoulty In getting the milhm ua to respond to the call to a~semblet at the arm' rV. Regea Tfremseves. A dispatch from Co!quit, Ga., to the Atlanta Journal says the coroner has just returned from Babcock, Ga,, where he went in response to a tele gram from Capt. Jackson, captain of te convict camp at Babcock, Ga. The coroner says that he held in quests over the bodies.of 0. 0. Thom-. son, whIte, and Dock Gaines, colored, btn convicts. From what the coro stats it seems tbat Thomson and Gines were playirg, and Thcmson threw a rope around Gaines' neck mn a playful way and threw the" other end o the rope around a piece of shafting wile it was running and the end got cauht and began tzo wind the negro up. Thomson seeing it tried to get the rope loose frem the shafting and he was caught it it and the reasx was both part irs lst thir livs. Mae e d Three. Two armed negroes entered the store of Frank Bato, an .aged Ital in, at Grcs0 Pu.xt, Near New Ore eans, La , on Monday nightj an shot him dead. tatally wounded- hs two sons, aged 13 and 14, and then robbed the store._. .....-. Man~y Dr LWntd' The storm hst week did considera, ble damage to shiypingdon the coast a-smiany people were drowned. The ru Dtjniel Williatd sunk on the Man coast~ndflvs men were drowned, and four 'were lost on another sa~all vessel ntfar f rm P ilvdelobia. Fdty Stories. Nw York is to have a skvscrarer 50 ntories in height, the top of wb chi will be erected at Broadway and L b rty street by the Singe.r Manu!sacture ing compny. MUCH BOOZE Captured by the Constables in the City of Charleston AT I XPVSS OFFICE. Packages Consigned to Holders of Reves - nue Lice.ses Confiscated and Ship ped to Columbia._ Nearly 400 Gallons of Various Kinds of Booze in Otice. The Charleston P st says Chief of Constables W. B. H:met sripped to Obmumbia Taursday mornin' a record breakmg haul, made late Waneday xfternoon at tne LIEfi Of the Southern Exprews Company, on Haisll street, where under his orders, District Chief aolmes, in the name of the State, took possession of nearly four hundred gallons of liquors and wines that have ween banked.upiat..the express office since December. Chief1Hammet said Thursday to a reporter for The Evening Past that he had consulted the Attorney Gener al aboLt this case, and had made the seizure of the liquor in the express - office, c.nsigned to men in Chazleaton noldngijevenue licenses, with Ghe ad vice of the Attorney General along this line of procedure. He urther. stated that if the company wished to contest the seizure, that the Sate was prepared to meet them half way. Mr. W. W. Allen, agent -of the ex press company for Onarleston, said that he did not know what would be done about the matter by the compa ny, and that he was In no position to m.ake a statement on the sublect. Cef Hammet came to Charleston Wednesday for the pu pose of carry ing out the se"zare of he atuft, and ' gave the ~directin for Its formal weizate late Wednesday .afternoon. There were ninety-five packages in the lot taken, averaging from three to ten gallons in size, and tines. conscated oocze bundles were shipped to Colum :da- Taurhday morning. FQr over three months, between th& hours of sunrise and sunset, Chief CoitakleRlmes. has had from one to two or tiree m6istationed at the express cffice on RHsell street, guard Irg the accumulating pa:kages of 11 quor that were shipped to the 'tigeri Lir the city for the Christmas trade. In several cases the lquor was loaded on the Express wagons for delivery, and sent to the addresses on the pack ages, but they were not reedved by the consignees, for behind the wagons trailed constables on wheels, and the Ligers were afraid to unload the goods from the express wagons. Co-nsquenty the qor was return ed to the express offie and pied up to await delivery. Many attempts have cen ma-lt by the consignees to get ae in Bo. from the ce wa ons or the Lflljo mto their places of business, out snese for the mos part have fall ed and so the pacicages of whiskies, orandies, wines, caruials and oshier alcunolic beverages, - hava collected until, when the salzuri was -maat Wecnesday, close to a hlundre d pack ages of Jiqu r nad acaumul ,.tedi at the ffice, valued at netween $1,000 and 2.000, and stan.:lng fur twice as muon profit to the cealers. Tne iiqaor nas been lying for many weeks unJ.eizen. As long as toe pack -ge was in the possessii n ,of tl.e ex prss comn .any cae %ntbles nave ut heretsi ,re toucned 'any consign ment tu a Xcohn ciger, Dat nave con cned th, mnseves with keepwg it un der guard, and Ia the possessio of the carrier coampany.. Chief HEsmrmet as taken the pueanion, back cd oy the at cson of Atturney General Gunter, tat the stif can be sezassaat the very offce of the company, a'nd with ti in vie w camae to U tarieston Wed esday to effect tne se.zu-a. Tne guard against tne delivery of further ship.ments is maintaimed as ual, Thur-.day, and a censtauie is in :ont of the cffcc ready to follow any suspicians package. Taursday morn g two aegs werd se zad, after being trown overbeard by a launch smug ler, and stored at the headquarters ~f the cinstacles. which showed that they were on the alert on all sides. The seizaire made at the express of tica is record breaking in point of s z3, as well as in Its nature, and seems to end the chapter of the Garistmas li quor ssory for the presenlt. Burned to Deatn. Miss Maggie Swartz, whose home was in Calamhia, was the victim of a horrible death by fire at Killians in Rtiland county Thursday. She was visiting near Kdiilans at tne time and was out watcbhing a number of men burn of aurght of way for a tram road. She was asked to extinguish a tire In a turpentine b~x which caught tire near her and in tnrowing an apron full of sand on it, the flames shot out and enveloped her and set fire to her clothing. Sue ran screamtag and b - fore she ocuid be overtaken she was dead. The b .dy was found In under s a short distance away, nct even er shoes being left. Wanted to Die. Maria Brower, a negro woman, at tempted to commit suicide at Green ville by pourmng a gallon of kerosene ol over nerself and applying a match When fcund she was without clothing and her body a mass of burns. Before trying the oil method, the woman threw herself In front of a train, but was driven away before the locomno tive reacaed her. She is a ocaine fiend. __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Tnire Drowned. Thirty men were drowned Wednes day night by the wreck betweenl angesund and Bergen, of the Nor wegan c ;asting scun.0er Thor. The dvessel's cable broke durirg a nurricane ad she was biown ashore .and sank. n il thre of oneo crew were saved.