Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX. MANNING, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. APRIL 25. 1906. NO.80
San Francisco Destroyed by an
AND THE FIRE FIND.
Without the slightest Warning the Peo
ple Are Forced to Pace an Awful
Death in The Streets or Their
Wrcked homrs. Fire
Adds to ilorror.
Eartquake and fire on Wednesday
caused the greatest clamity Califor
nia has ever knovwn. Sin Franci:cI
was almost destroyed and thousands
of people in that cty were killed oT
hu-rt. A dispatch from San FZancisco
says the dreadful earthquake shock
came withcut warning at preciselY
5.13 o'ctck, its motion apparently
being from east to west. At first the
upheaval of the earth was gradual,
but ina few seconds it increased In
intersity. Chidres began to fall
and bul.dings to erac, toTtering on
their foundations. The pecple be
came panic sticken a-d ,uzhed tntc
the streets, most ,.1 thE ni Aa their
night attire. Tney were met bj
showers of falling builair.gs, corniers.
bricks and walls. Many were instant
ly cr.shed to death, while others were
dreadfully mangled. Those who re
malned indoors generally escaped with
their lives, though secres we:e hit b;
detached plaster, pictuiesand artiles
tbrown to the fior by the shLcek. I:
Is believed that mcre or less k s3 was
sustained by nearly every family in
The tall steel frame structures
stood the strain Lettbr than brick
buildings, few of them being badly
damaged. The big eleven story Mo
nado cffice building, in c. urse of con
struction, adjoining tre Palace Hotel,
was an exception, Lowever, its rear
wall collapsirg, many cracks being
made acroes its front. $omre of the
decks and freight sLeds aici.g the wa
ter front slid into the bay. Peep
fsures opened in the tiiied-in grcuno
near the shore and the Union ferr)
depot was injured. Its high tower
stil stands, bu will hae to be torn
down. A portion of the new CiA,
Ball, which cost over seven million
dollars, clapsed, the root siiding intc
the court yard and sm.Aler towers
tumbling down. Tae grett dome was
moved but did not fali The new Post
Mice, one of the floet in ime United
States. was badly sL.rid. Tn.
Valencia flotel, a four bt.y WOoaQa
bulding, sank into the bast mont a
pileof splintered timbers, under whic
were pinned many dead and dying co
cupants of the house. Tne basement.
was full of water and seme of the
helpless victims were crowned.
Searcely had the earth co'.sed to
abe when ifres broke en simultane
oosly 13n many places. Th~e tire de
prtmient promiptly rescondied to the
irst call for aid, but it was found taa
the water mains had been rendere3
useless by the underground move
ment~. Fanned by a. bgn b~e s the
lames quickly spread a&Ld coon mi)
bcks were seen to be comed. Tn
dynamite *os resorttd to and the
sound of frequent e:po iorLs acded rx
the terror of the pop~u:ation. All
gnorts to stay the pre gress of the fire,
howver, proved futile. The South
side of Market street from Ninth
street to Bay was soon abhe za, the"dr&
covering a belt two blocks wide. On
this, the mai~n thoroughfare of the
city, are located many of tle fiaest
ediftces in the city, including the:
Grant, Parrott, Fiood, "'Call" "Ex
pmner," and -Monadncock buildings,
the Palace and Grand Hotels, and
nuerons wholesale houses. At the
same time the commercial estsblish
ments and banks north of Market
street were -burning, Tre burning
ditrct in this se-tion of the city tx
tended from Sansome street to the
water front, and from Ms.rket street
to Broadway. Fires also broke out in
the Mission and the entire ciay seemed
to be in dlumes.
The flames, fanned by the rising
bres,, swept down the main streets
until within a few hundred feet of the
ferry depot, the high tower of which
stood at a dangerouis angle. The big
wholesale grocery estabusu~ment of
Weelman, Peck & 0o., was on fire
from celler to rocf, and -the heat w~a
so oppressive that paseengers from the
ferry boats were obliged to keep close
to the water's Edge in order to get
past the burning structure. It was
impossible to reach the center of tho
city from the bay wIthout akirting~
the shore for a long distance so as to
get entirely around the tLurnzing dih
At 8 o'clcck the Southern PacinL
offcials refused to allow any more
passengers from Trans bay points te
land and sent back those already or.
the boats. Tne ferry and tramn ser
vice of the Key route was entirely
abandoned, owing to damage done toe
power house by the earthquake at
At 9 o'clock WedrEsiay morniIng a
thousand men from the Preidio ar
rived down town to patrol te e city
streets. The Thirteenth infantry,
1,000 strong arrived fri.m Angel E
land, a little later, and went on pat
rol duty. The soldiers hays been or
dered to shoot down thieves caught ii
the act of robbirg the dlead and ti
guard with their lives the mill:ons o'
dollars' worth of property which har
been placed In the streets that it wa3
escape from the ravages of the 11a.mes
Mayor Schmitz, who na establisntc
his cfflbe at police hea. g iaromrs, ha:
named a committee ot eniety, comn
prising many promirent cliaizens
Mayor Schmitz sent out word to thb
bakeries and miuk stationls through
out the city that their food supphe
mst be harbored for the homeiesa
Tents have been placd in every park
in the city, and t-oFe who have lost
their homes will be given food and
shelter. Ttvusands of people are
homeless and many are huddled intc
the parks and public Equ res beside
the househo.d goods they were able tc
save. The city is under martial law,
and all the down town stri ets are psti
rolled by cavalry and infan' ry. De
tails of trops are also guarding the
banks. Mcst of the principal build
ings have already been destroyed and
otbers are i-a imminent dar gr. Over
all the scene of desolation hangs a
cense pa!l of smoke.
It will be many days before the
cjmplete stdry of the ruin wrought
by the double calamity of eartrhquake
and fire that visited San Francisco
will be written and then there wil:
remain untold countless tales of woe.
The exact loss of life will never bs
known, as hundreds of unfortunates
have been incinerated in the flames,
which made the rescue of those bur
ied under the toppling steeples and
fallirg walls impossible. Temporary
moTgues were improvised at many
points only to be raz d by the flames.
The city resembles one vast shambles
wibr the red glare of fire thiowing
weird shadows acroms the worn and
panic-stricken faces of the homeless
who are wandering the streets or sleep
ing on piles of matresses and clothing
in the parks and on the sidewalks in
those districts not yet reached by the
fire. Thousands have fled the city.
Forgetting for a mcment the terrible
sufferir.g, phTElcal and financial, that
tra.ils in the wake of the disaster,
-ne sene presented by the fdimes is
one of unspeagable grandeur.
Tae scene at the Iechanies' pavl
ion during the early houTs and lintil
noon, when the mnured and dead were
removed because of the threatened de
strtotion of the building by fire, was
one of indescr.bable sadness. Sisters,
rothers, wives and sweetheart
searched eagerly for some missing dea
one. Thousands of persons hurriedij
-ent through the buildirg inf.pecting
the cots on which the suff reis jay, it
*he hope that they wLtUld find som*
lov.d one that was missing. The 4d ad
were placed in one portion of the
buildiug and the remainder was dbv..
red to hospital purposes. After the
tire forced twe nurses and physicians
o desert the building, the eager
crowds f llowed them to the presidio
and the children's hospital where thn
renewed theIr search lor m!ssing rela
tves. Up to a lite bour Thursday
f!.ernoon more taan 750 pefsons wh:
who were seriously injurtd by tL-e
earti qiake and tne fire had beE.n
!-reazed at the varicus hospitak
hrougLtout the city.
A falung wall f on one of the dna
oited buildings on Mission street
-rushed out the lie of Fireman Max
enner, wile pmany ott er fire fihter
met a like fate, Tnrough ail the
itees automobiles atd exoress %a
,rons are hurrying, carrying deid ani
i j'red to morgues and bospitals At
tie morgue In the ball of j is Aze, 1T1ty
wcoies lie. Tee flames rapidly a;
p Qwhed this tui'd ,g and tne wcrk
of. removing tie bodies to Jackaor
quare began. While tMe soldiers and
police were cirryirg the dead to what
appeared safe placos, a shower of
oricks r~omn a builin dynamited tc
heck the flunmes, itjuired many o1
he workmen, and sant soldiers in
procession hurrying to hosp!ais. T'ce
vrk o~f :-em ving the b';dieA s -oppsd
ad the retrainoer c f the dead were
left to possible cremation in the mor
gu. The debris killed and buried
bundreds of horses. hitched to vegeta
ble weg-nns which were ready to re
ceive the day's supplies. The dead
-orses were pzled high and the wreck
age bl eked the streets until the ad
vacing cLr n gratb9n turned all tha
:ctofi of $ne Sown inltQ a yagt funer
From the Barbary coast the ho:d
f vie'us and criminal thay infesr
hat g iarte~r pau-ed forth tr.d starter
-aly in the eve~ning to loot streeta
ud rob the dead. Fearing such a
dendish climax to this day of borrors
Mayor Sobmig. and Police Ch~ef Dinar.
sued orders fur the soldiers to kill
all who engaged in such work. Be
fore the eyes of an Associated Prea~
representative, t:-ree thieves were
shot in the back and fatally wounded
in the b rning com..io-sl district.
P spite the vigilar es of police and
solders, many places were pillaged in
ihe wholesal' regions. Tiquor stores
were broken i2to a- d vsEaboods are
lying in the streets Tr~e ruin in the
commission and the wholesele g iar
ters is eplete, the fi smes Wednes
day night having compicted the par
aly zing work of the morning.
Knights of Honor.
The Siate Lodge of the KaiMghts of
Honor met in Clumbis last week.
Afer the transion of routine
business the following t~filers were
elected and duly installe-d for the en
suig term: J. J Verr~on, past
grand dictator, Welford; C.. P.
Q attlebaum, grand dictator, Ca.n
ay;.Miles B McSweeney, grand le
dictator, Hasmpton; B. 0. DuFre,
grand assisasnt dictator C.'lt mbia; V..
N. s'ay, grand reporter, Columuia;
N W. Trump, grand treaaurer, Co
lumbia; D. Melutyre. J. A. Ball and
Rv B. G. CJaff jrd, grand trustees; L
N Z :aly, grand representaiive for
tour years to supreme Iodg ; 0. P.
Very iSad Advice.
At Chicano eight hundred negro
mnen an-1 Weuien at.ook Usrtitutionial
A. M E cubrch with applause Thur.,
iay rug-it when L~a Wells Barneti
advised ticheithck man to put a revet
ver in his pocke; at d 'anticip-ate thre
white Iran in his deviltry."'.?The oc
rason for the speh was a Neeting
oalled te- p'ctest against th-e mob vio
jence that has marked Sping fled, Mo.
he last few days. Wauck the speakmng
had edded resolutions were adopted
urgg President BR.aseveltsto take.
-ome steps to protece the Legro race
rcm destruction at the hands of tne
whites. __ _ _ _ _ _
Congrebs Vor a a Mullon.
Oa Tzuursday Congres' appropriated
$1,000,000 for thre suff aring and home
less in San Francisco and and otbor
California towns, and gave the secre
tary or war, the secretadia: cf t':e
treasury, navy and commerce. power
ac o Dcate wim. t e n-ge 01 tme
strckm cities, that the very best re
sults might be omtained in affording
rief. Prrsident Rocsevelt signed
A CITY IN RUINS.
Beautiful Santa Rosa Has Not a
ONE THOUSAND DEAD.
As Last Great Seismic Tremor Spent
its Force the City Toppled to the
Ground. Many Other Towns.
and Hamlets Badly Shak.
Beports from the interior of Cal.
ifornia are most alarming, Santa
Rosa, one of the prettiest oiis of the
state, in the prosperous county of
Sonoma, Is a total wreck. There are
10,000 homeless men, women and
ohildren, huddled tcgether. The loss
of life Is not to be estimated. It wil
probably reach one thousand.
As the lat great seismic tremor
spent its force in the earth, the whole.
business p 2rtion tumbled into ruins
Tne main street is piled many feet
deep with the fallen buildings. N t
one business building is left intact
The destruction incluIes all the coun
ty buildirgs. The four story c.urt
houie, with its high dome, Is merely
a pile of broken masonry. Nothing
is left. Identification is impos Ile.
What was not destroyed by th
earbquake bas been swept by fire.
Until the 0 ,mrs start-d there wa
nope of baying the resiience- dis
trict. It was soon apparent that any
such idea that might bava been en
terrained was to be atandoned.
T.is was aprebended by the citi
zas and they prepared to desert
their homes. N3t even their house
hold goods were taken. They made
for the flelds and bills to watch the
destruction of one of the most beau
tiful cities of the West.
Nis ergers bring the ssddest tid
ings of the destruction M' H .aldsburg,
G-iserville, Colv3rdale, Ho. I.ad and
Ukiah. This report takes in the
ccurtry as far rorth as M cdocinG
md Lake cunties, and Es far west as
e P.cific Ocean. These are frontier
ccnties and hays not as laige towns
is farther south. la every gsse the
'oss of life and proearty is shoicking.
KILLED IN A HOTEL.
A r port from San Jose, 50 miles
ruthi of San Francisc>, says that the
VAndome hotel annex was wrfceked, 10
or 15 persons bntr~g klled. The Do
herty block wai burned a*nd one wo
msn was k lled. Dr. MoGrow was
kil!ed and 14s wif'e Injured. ThF
-ayor deput'z'd 500 min to wa'ch
oroperty, it is eilated that 50
p rs - were killed in San Jose. Th
ostcf'ce was half wrecked. The
First Presbyterian c'6curci was de
mcolished and the cturt hcuse is a
Passen'gers arrivinz from man15
okher cities in Califoinia, bring talms
of d path and disaster. Santa Cruz
Monterey, Gilroy and H :lister are
fatally wrecked. Tne deat.h list at
Sam;.a Ceii is reported to be large.
A report say' that Santa B .a is a
'ireck, ten theirand being homeless
TaQe loss will probably reach into the
taounands. Main str'eet is pilkd many
feet deep with fallen ouildi-g%. Not
,.ne business building is intact. The
four story court house is a pile of
broken mascnry. I entification of
the dead is imp p hib -. What was
not dpstroyed by eart'quake was
swept I y tire. Cit-zins flad to ti e
hills ar d~ tid tQ watch the destrui.
tinof Sinia Wra Tae water sys
BUEIED IN~ THE EUIDs.
News c mes from N-la, a small
town in the Santa Clara valley, about
15 miles from San Jose, stating that
the eartl quake demolished the sta'.e
insane aulum at Ag :ews, near Sin
Jose, burying many of the inmates in
he ruins. It is stated that Sin Jose
suffered severely. Tals news was
brought by an automobile from San
Jose to points which communicatio~n
nad been est.blishal to 'L~ s Angeles
Mayor McAler, of 1L3 Angels, has
iled messi.ges to M&ayor Schmitz, of
San Franscisco, .ffring to render
any astsistsace p-saible and asking for
tdvice as to abe 4:uation, and what
aid may be needed. P:esident Sum
neriand of the ciky c *uncil, called a
:pecial meeting of :that body, and
orwarded a teltgrami to the mayor of
San Francisco, :ffering in the name
of L ' Angeles to render any aid
posible. B :th the mnayor of Los
Argeles and the president of the city
council req iest the Associated Press
to comn-unicate, if possible, thei:
ienders of assisbaruce, as they do not
expect to be able to reach them
through the ordmnary channels of
SHOCKS AT ||ALINAs
At 5.15 o'clock Wednesday morning
three shacks of earthaunate shook
Salinas, lasting respectively 5, 3 and
42 seconds. They came from the
aortheast and southwest. The dom
age is 82 500 000. No lives were lost
-Smong the buildings destroyed in
. nsare the Fosrd and Saanbu'y
iiding, dry gocas; Esks Halls, MIe
sonic bull sing, t. Kights of Pyt.hta
bulding, Por& and Irvings etore, L.
gan Cyclery, Oid .Fello a bulaing
City Ball and several..sm'aller build
ings. Every window in ene city was
oroken. Chimnefs toppled over and
craed through ros fs. Spzeckk s
Sugar Fictory, three rriles fntote
town, was destroyed, eausing damage
f 81,500. Tl'e hmb scruis uilde g
was wrecked. Soveral sunres lost
tiAer entire stocks. At 2.25 o'c.lock
this afternoon, another shock was x
perienced but no lives were lo~st.
Several men, women and cuildren
were cut about t ;e face by fly'ng
glass. There is inaerse excitement.
sWEP'T INTO THE sEA.
From the Cliff House comes word
that toe great pleasure resort .anc
show place of tae San Franc :c0
which st-ld on a, ft undation of solid
rock has been swaet Into the sea. N t
a thingr andr to tell where the
monster stone buildirg orce stood. It
'as been levelt d to the foundation
a!d orly the reck linirg the s-acoast
rE ms.ins intact.
T wenty towns have reported loss of
life of from liv to one hundrr d each.
O1atside cf San Francisco the death
list will run high into the thousands.
As reports come In from the country
abont the already intense horror be
-,mes even more intenee, if that were
Yet there are but few who have
folded their bands. Tcera Is tco
mucni to 6o--too n uh suffering to
tight and too many bodies tu bury.
ENTRIES TO CORN CONTEST.
Many of Them Be4ng Received by
The State says Commissioner of
Agriculture Watson has received a
large number of entries to the State
at d national orn contest. One of the
most Important entries Jeceived was
that of Mr. Melver Williamson, whose
recent article on corn planting at
tracted a great deal of attention and
which has been cffloiaUy endorsed by
the Southern Cotton ass ciation.
Oher entries are:
B. W. Taylor, R!obland; T. 0. Wil
loughby, FiorencE; J. A. Peter.
kia ind J. K Mos-, Orange
uurg; J. R Hale, CO.arie3ton: H.
M. Preacher, Hamptor-; E A Brown,
K:rthav,; T. S. Stubbs, Marlbort; J.
El. Marlien, J., Oollecton; W. B
Clutty, B imberg; J. J. Pnilips, L i
cister; E. S. Ple--cher, Mariconz; W.
M. Spears, Mirlboro; A. J. Tindal.
C arendon; Walker Ficyd, Manor; J.
R Fairey, Orangeburg; Dr. W. D.
ich, Williamsburg; J. M. Woodley
Sumter; W. R E E:iott, Fa1rdeld;
J. F. McKinnon, Marlborc; Jameb
Iack ou, Andersor.; B. E Moore, Marl
borc; Thes Taylor, Jr., R e iland;
Taos. R.ff, R chlan'; S. R. Liver,
R c'1lanf; J. F. Weekiey. Birnwell;
T. P. Abley, Florenc ; C. F. Moore.
Cheraw and B:nnettaville, and Ben.
P. DeLoacu, Camden.
It is also thought that Capt. E. -S.
Drake, who won the pr.za sevdral
years 'ago for the best and largest
production f corn to the acre, will
nter gain, Capt, Drake has a fine
farm in M tr'b ro county. Ii fiug
his entry Mr. Williamson, who has
b..en in correspondence with Commis
8toner Wats-n in regard to the amournt
it corn and corn products Imported
iato the State, writes: "Your letter
in rigard to corn Importation was
more infojrmation than I bad or have
been able to obtain with the (ff irtb
[ have made. it will help me to fi..?
ae out the vast am-Ua or corn we
I.excusab:y ship into the Soate every
year. I am going to keep up
Dhe fi-ht so long as there is a singie
ar of corn Importen.' We must and
shall raise cur supplies at home."
THROWN ACROSS ROOM.
G:vcs His Experience in the San
Francisco E arthquak-.
Albert H. Gzuld of Chicago, was
*ne of three persons to arrive in Lis
Angeles on the first train from San
Frar cisco after the eartl guake.
"I was asleep on the seventh floor
f the Palice hotel, '4 be said. "ab the
time of the drst earth~quak. I was
hrowo cut of bed anid half way
across the i-oom. Immediately reallz
ng the import of the occurrence and
fearing that the building was about
to colla p-e, I made my way down six
fihts ef stairs atnd into the main
corridor, 1 was the first guest to ap
poar. The clerks and botel employ
es were running like mad men. With
in two minutes after I had reached
the corridor, other guests began to
fpck int ti e c'urt. Most all wore
wgght clothing only. M.en, women
at d chiidren stood as though firsd.
Oildren and women cried. Thes men
were hardly less aff eted.
"I returned to my room at d got my
clothing; then walked to the oi~ces of
the Western Uniton in my pajamas
and bare feet so telegraphi so my wife
in L .s Angeles. 1 found the tele
graphers on duty, but all the wires
wore down. I aat down on the side
walk and picked the broken glass cut
ofi the soles cf my feat, and put on
my clothes. All this, I suppose, took
tweoty minutes. Within that time,
below the Palace hotel, buildings for
more than three blocks were a mass.
of dames, which spread to other build
"People by the thousar d4 were
cowded around the ferry station.
They clawed at the iroa gates like
ao many mnaniac4. Tney sought to
break the bars and falling in that,
turned on each other. A fter a mad
dning delay, we got aboard the boat
and crossed the bay."
Gov. e~y wex.r's Messages.
Gov. Hey ward Friday sent these
telegrams of sympathy;
"Mayor Schmitz, San Francisco, Cal.
"~Words osn not express the sympa
thy which the people of my State feel
for your sorely stricken city. It wil
be indeed a labor of love for us to aid
you in all that lies In our power.
"D. C. HzYwARD,
"Hon. George C. Pardee, G,:,vernor,
"The appalhmg disaster which has
befallen your State toucaes our hearts
deply, Accept our sincerest sympa
thy in the terrible- ordeal which Is
yours. We are now taking steps to
give practical expression to the heart
fet sympatby wtc we feel for you.
"~D. C. HEYWARD,
A white Elend.
Evan Waters, a white man 20 years
of age, an employe of a shovel g'n;r
working on the outskirts of Atlanta,
has besa lcceed in tioe Tower chargd
w11n criminally assaulting Miss Ruth
Weaver, thie 'fifteen year-old daughi
ter cf C. C. Weaver. a well kuown
tinner o Atlanta The father of the
young girl found Waters when a posse
of ctt zins of the Grant Park neigh
orhocd were securi g the woods
looking for h:m ard hut for their
prompt action and strong persuasion
the man would have b:en dealt
with roughly. Waters denied the
FIRE BURNED OUT
And Stricken City Sees One Ray
LOSES VERY HEAVY.
Thirty Thousand Houses Are Destroyed
in San Francisco Alone and One
Thousand More in Balance of
the State. Loss of Life
A dispatch Friday night said San
Francisco's darkest hour has dawned
into a day of hop3. Its time of over
whelming disaster and peril has ended
and its future is now a su* ject of gen
The fire Is practically under cvntrol.
A clear sky over the mission district
hows that the fire there has been ex
linguished. The snread of the flames
toward the western addition, the best
part of the c ty remaining, has been
stayed, and the only portion of the
rondagration that demands tthe atten
,Aon or thr. firemen is that ext eding
fron the Nob Hill section down to
the north western part of the water
Tae western addition dang'r was
averted at 2 30 o'clock Friday morn
ing by the use of gun cotton, dyn .
mite and t wo streams Of water. The
xplcslves were handled b? the chief
gunner c f of the Mare Island navy
yard acd his accomplishments proved
nim to ',e a mastrr of his profession.
Tihe fire at San Franud cz was stop
ped, 'r practically burnt itself out on
Friday afternoen. and for the first
time since the first eartt quake shocks
at half-past five o'clock oi Wednesday
-norning, the people cf the stricken
city had a breathinz spell, and some
sort of estimate of the disaster. Oae
thing is certain the city of San Fran
Cisco is practically destroyed, and will
have to be rebuilt. L is estimat'd tW-t
a least three fcurths of the city has
feen wiped cut by the earthquake and
TLere is ten Equ-.re miles cf ruins
and fully thirty taausid ho.uses of
various kinds hva been dcstroyed in
tbeeity of Szn Francisco alone. Other
cities and towns hav a'so suffered
severely. The entire loss in the State
vill amount to $300 000 000 in money
and the houses destroyed will number
at least fort y thueand. The money
lois in San Francisco Is s mething like
$200,000,COO. *The city is now under
martilulaw, 3 000 reguhr troops from
the presi, Io acting as policemen, stop
ping tbi try and d ig all sorts of
re:cue - relief work.
It is estimated that the loss of life
in San Francisco will r ach at least
one thousand when all the returns are
in. At this time the pecple are so
badly scattered that it is almost Im
possible to get any where near the
correct figures. The ies of life in
the rest of the State wll reach a
thousand more, whichl will make the
total loss of life two thousand. Hos
p tal and improvised asyl ams are able,
with difficulty, to care f or the injur
ed, of whom hundreds hsave been
Gen. Fanston, who is in command
f the United States troops in that
district, sent the follow:ng telegram
to the war department on Friday:
"*We need thousacds of tents and all
the rations that can be sent. Busi
ness portivn of city Is destroyed and
about one hundred th'.usand pecple
are homeless. Loss of ife probably
one thousand. Best parta of the resi
dent district not vet bu-nedl."
After dark on Friday thousands of
persons were makirng thier way with
olankets and scanty provislcn to the
Golden Gaite park for shelter. Taiose
in homee in Mayes valley piled house
LLold gocds in the street from where
they were- carted by trucks and auto
mobiles to tbe outskirts of the city.
E verybody in San Francisco who can
is prepared to leave the city, believ
-g the town will be totally destroyed.
Down town everything 18 in ruins.
Not a busincss house is left standing.
Theaters have been crumbled. News
paper p ants are unles , On every
side I. deatnl and suffering.
The country b:twe n Montrey, Cas
troville and Tajaro shows unmistak
ab'e slans of the terrible wrenching
yesterday in apheavel at earth. Great
sinks extending along railroad tracks
as far as the eye can reach, running
fro'n four to sir feet in depth, have
been left on the surface of the earth,
mute testimony of the power of the
internal forces. For a distance of
nearly a mile, the road has sank into
the earth. Between Castroville and
M-,n-e mud geysers have been in
cited into action, showing a hot bln
ishi colored mud to the height of from
ten to fifteen feet. Between Seaside
and B3lmont railroad tracks are
twisted until all resemblance to.
tracts have disappeared.
The destitution and suffering Is
indescribable. Women and children
who had comfortable homes a feew
days ago slept several nights-if sleep
came at all-on bay on th-e wharves, or.
tne sand lots near Norah B ~acil, some
of them unde.r the little tents made
of sheeting which poorly protected
trcm from the ch liing ccean winds.
Toe people in the parks are possibly
better iff in the matter of shelter.
for they left their homes better pre
oared. Instructions were issued by
Mayor Schlmiiz F~iray to b-eat ope
every store coA,ining provisions and
to distribute them Lo the ti.isands
ai ader pa!!ce su'perv50on.
Tae work or relef was started ear
ly F-iday. A big bakery in the saved
Eistrict starned its ovens and arr.ng
-d to baka 50 000 loav s or bri a-i be
tore niglht. Tuuad or peopte were
in line Fiday m rsing beftre the
Calfornia street bakerv. The polic
an~d military were pr sot in force
and each pzrson was allowed only
one lloaf. T.IXe n .nmi~ess jpeople in the
parks r~d vacant lots were trvided.
For as speedily as poss.'b'e. All
the stores camtaining prvovns
bas been seized by the aufhorities. In
no other way could the distressel peo
ple been fed.
Three relief sLations for the home
le.s have already been established by
the general committee. The stations
are temporary home of homeless. Car
vans of provhlons are now on their
way to the three relief stations. In
the meantime the hills and beaches of
San Francisco look like an Immense
tented city. Not alone are the parks
the places of refugees, but everylarge
vacant lot in the safe znes has been
preempted and even the cemeteries
are crowded. A well known young
lady of social position, when asked
Friday where so had spent the night,
replied: "On a grave."
A few cf the families who could se
cure willing expresammn are possessors
of cooking stoves, but over 95 per
cent. cf the refugees are doing their
cooking on little camp fires made out
of brick or stone. Kitchen utensils
that last week would have been re
garded with centempt -are today ar
ticles of high value. Many of the
homeless people are in possession of
comfortable clothirg and bed-covering
but the great bulk of them are in
need. The grass is their bed and their
dilly clothing their only protection
against the penetrating fog of the
ccean or the chilling dew of the
morning. F:esh meat disappeared
Wednesday morning and canned goods
and breadstuffs are the only victuals
The common destitution and suffer
ing have wiped out all social, flaancial
-ind racial distinctions. Toe man who
last Tuesday was a prosperous mer
Chann 18 oCcupylrg with his ramily a
little plot of ground that aejlins the
open air homes of a laborer. The white
min of California has forgotten his
antipathy to the Asiatic race and Is
maintainir g friendly relati.ns with his
new Cintese and Japanese neighbors.
The'society belle who, TueEde n'gh
was a butteifly of fashion at Vie G-azd
Opera performance, was assisting somr
factory girl in the preparation of hum
ble daily meals. The family who bad
had foresight to lay in the largest
strck of foodstufa on the first day of
the disaster is rated highest in the
scale of wealth.
Next to viewing the many Pq'ara
miles of ruins that only made S, r
Francisco a eity, no better realz.
tion of the ruin that has came to t1aa
place can be gained than by visiting
the refugee camps locased in the di;
triots wuich were untoucned by the
fi'.mes. Golden G:ate park was the
mecca Tf the (atitule. This im
a .no ph.yg-u. of thb municipality
has been convrtwd azo a vast mush
room city that bears striking resem
blance to the fleeting towns locateo
on bhe border of a government res'r
vation about to be opened to pabi3l
"IH MAN WITE 0OUGE."
Former Confederate Offcer Released
From Jai at Michigan Oity.
A dispatch to the Chicago Tribune
from Michigan City says: "- rro Man
With a Cough," Col. A. B. Ward, one
time Confederate army calOcr and
daring spy, one of the men sent N -rth
to burn New York city during 'the
civil war, was released from thie State
prison here Wednesday.
Ward Is one of the last of the old.
time confidence men. Born near In
dianapolis of wealthy pa--ents seventy
three years ago, he'was cast off by his
family because cf too high living.
tLater In Washington he klled an army
efiler and fled South, where, at the
outbreak of the war, he enlisted in
the Confederate army.
The second year of the war he was
sent North to burn New York city
and was arrested while applying the
torch to the Astor House. Sentenc~d
to be hanged, he devoted himself, to
the care of Confederate prisoner sol
diers while in prison, so that Presi
dent Lircaln pardoned him.
After the war Ward ran a packet on
the Mississippi river, which was flttei
up lavishly and numbered among its
pr.trans the biggest gamblers in the
United States. He later went to New
York. On one occasion he broke Pnl
Daly's gambling house, winning over
830,000 in one night.
Ward's wealth gradually slipped
away and he took to forging checks.
and he has served more than a score
of termcs in prison during the last
forty years. He got the title, "The
Man With a Cough," several years ag c
.vhen he secured his pardon from a
Southern prison by coughing and re
gardAd his cough as his principal stock
P.OUSD .lN A WELaL.
Mrs. Mary L- was Fell Into Hole Nine
ty Feet Deep.
Thursday morning about 9 o'clcct
the body of Mrs. Ma~ry Lewis, aged. 49
years, the wife of Seth Lewis, wc8
dilscovered lying at the bottcm of a
90-foot well near her home at Gler,
dale, Spartanburg county. Tne wo
man's neck had been broken by the
fall and death had been instantan
The start'insr discovery was made
as the resula of a search for her by
members of the family, who missedi
her from the home at 2 o'clock, when
she q.11etly left the room, and unob
served, went out into the yard. She
siad been in a highly nervous condi
tion for several weeks, and the bdief
is that during a period of temp'orar i
derangement she took the fatal pluinge
int'. the deep well.
Several months sgo one of her somr
accidently shot and killed his brotc,is,
and the tragedy so bore upon her mind
that fears for her safety were enter
mined to such a degree that an a
tendant has been with her most a:l
?tue time bince. It was durie g a lapa
of the usual precaution on the part os
one cf the members of the famil
that Mrs. Lewis succeeded in evading
their vigflensce atd either purposam
ended her life or accidentally fed into
the well while wandering abouti the
Coroner Turner was notified and
beld an Inquest. The jury desided
that the tagedy was the resldt o0
deliberation on the-part~of the unDfor
tunate womarj. Ts~e deceased Is Lur
vived by her bus land and three chCi
dren. The family is well known in
Glendale, which is a c'tton mill town
about six miles from Spar-tanburg.
OALLAD 1131 DOWN
SOUrK CAROLLNA SLURRED J
SENATE BY BOPKINS
end To i sked Questions by fenatow
Tillman Which He Failed
Th2ere was decidedly a spirited en
counter in the Utited States Senate
on Thurzday be-ween Mr. Tillman
and Mr. H ipkins corcerning the re
cant Chicago bank fdilure.
Mr. Tillman read from the news
papers e arges to the ff ot that the
Illinois senator had used his omiljal
position to prevent pu Asbment' for
violation of the binking law and Mr.
Hopkins resp-n'ied by charging the
South Carolina sanator with approv
ing the l ncbing of negroes and with
securing his election to the senate by
suppressing the negro vote. H: also
declared that Mr. Tillman had chang
ed the rcfial report of his last speech
en the bank question so as to make
it apoear that he (Mr. Hopkins) ad
evaded a question and to this Mr.
riUman respunded that he had done
nothing of the kind. The colk quy at
last became so bitter that it wa. nec
waary to call the senators to order.
Tae climax came when Mr. Hgp
' I is time that the country should
known who this modern reformer is.
wbo is he and where do; a he come
BEfplying he snid that Mr. Tillm-a
Is from South Carolina with a white
popolation c.f 557.000 and a black p-p
ulation of 782 00). This beirg the
case Mr. Ti;man had been abie, h
aid, to get to the senate only by
suppressing the colored vote-secur
tig a majority by manipulation.
which results Ia depriving a majority
of tte people of the rights guaranteed
to them by ti e constitution. lp
would ask the senator if he wouid
deny that in a speech made In 1900 br
had said that he bad done all ;e
could to keep the negroes from vrt
"Wy should I deny?" respondf
Ar. Tiilmn= promptly, "when I Pa
is in the record? I do not deny IL
,nd I t.m wiling to repeat."
Mr. Hopkins then charged his an
fagcnist wish favoring the lynching
of negroes, quoting speeches made by
7he Souoh Carolina senator a year ago
m which reference was made to the
burning alive of nego-s.
"Think of a senator who can en
dorse such barbarities and, atroctieg
al.ivg about the violation of law.
a.w is a matter of a little money tc
o compared with the taking of hu
Replying, Mr. Tilimanb said that be
had never been In a court of law ex
cept as a spectato. but in that ca
pacity he had notlced that when the
:awyers had pcor cases they indulged
in a. manner of abuse of their oppo
nersts. "Is he," ne asked, referring
to Mr. Hopkins, "the vice president
-f the bonding compsun"
"Let us nave it-yes or no," went
on the South Carol ulan. No response
I rake th- ref.asal .to answer a
a confession, as n-'oof positive shat he
is exerting h's i fi lal position to pro
note the violai*D of the law.'
At the toDs of their voices the two
senators eng'tged In wrargling, one
talking on banks, the other on De
groes, until Mr. A-drich finally called
for the regular order, on the ground
.hat nothing was before the senate,
and Mr. LsFllette was waiting to
The dispute was renewed and be.
came even more heated. Mr. Tillmar
*Ienied that he had said negroes haG
been cowed by lynching to proven.
them from going to the polls, but de
31ared that it was necessary in South
Carolina, where the negroes have a
maj~risy of the population, to "des
roy the brute who outrages a white
woman in order for the white men to
gain protection for their wives and
A dispatch from Oakland, Col, says
one hundred and three bodies bsve
oeen taken out of the Agnews Str
nrospital, near Santa Clara. Tue o:
ticial estimates place the nu-zber -o
iz-j-red lnsi~ue patients at 207. and of
sihese thirty are not expected to live
The main building of the hospital col
iapsed, piunlr'g many patienits unoe;
sne falien walls and debris. The pad
dadi cilis had to be broken open and
the more dangerous patients were tied
r~o trees on the lawn. Very little dam
age was d:)ne to the buildings at San'a
Ciara college and not one of the stu
*dents or priests wasB I jured.
Another Mine Horror.
As the result of a dust explosion in
a. mine ot the Colorad'. Fuel and Ir' n
^o~npany. fo.r:y mu;es west of Tr.nm
did, Col , on Sundiay, twenty-two
miners are known to be'dead and on
utner Is mi sit'g. There we-e forty
men in the mine at srue time of the
explosion. Seve'neen miners WLo
were working 3. 704 feet from the en~
troncc-, esor~pedI ur-injured througt
another c'penin~g. The explosion oc
on-red in B ems 3 and 24, near the
mnain entrat c--, and was t-be resiult of
a, windy shoit wrnich lgrite'l the dust.
The board of directors of the re
formatory school for juvenile d iend
ers met in Colum~b~a on Tatsday an(
-eceiv.,d bida for the location of the
in'stitu-ion. S. veral koclities D2'm
offers, but ta of Ficrence appeared
to e the ba:,t. Tnc was fint~' acres
:i n in~ suourts of th'e city and $4,
000 cesa sn-: this wy: scepteod, p-o
vid--d th bo-rd, after a vi5it, should
F-gic rfr a chauz~Ici
A d'sp'wi from Wa:'.a, P aland,
s:ys a proce:ssion of 2 000 Catholics
triad to recapoture their chrc at
L isLnos A furious fight with Matrla
'itcs ensued. in the course of which
twelve persons were killed and fiftly
Four lives were loss early Sar day
in a are, woich swept away a stable
and a row of three story frame flat
rouses in West 2d- street, near Park
P,a-:e, Coney Island. and nearly
thirty families vaera rendered home.
Probibition a Warm Political Is
sue in Maine and Texas.
TRYING TO DODGE IT.
tegresentatives .of Thes .Stat at
.WAinton Are Not LUciled te
Discuss the Questios. People
Divided on the.Efficiency
The prohibition question appeartio
be cutting curious capers -I -duiirent
parts of the country,.judging t:r9
she stories told by the .statmen .t.
the respective states says a Sitih
from Washington. how, there's lfd
Maine. With the exception.oie
presentative Littlefieldjo u codiadi
get a senator or representatlif-fibin
6h4t state to express his.-views-lor
oublication for lve, or money.?Why?
Beesuse the qaestie-A Is loaded--The
tiere's grana old Texas, atthe other
end of the' cuntry. Her aien
in congresa avoid the question thi
same as they would a mad dog. 'Ot
coursei Is jtst as -baamong-the
3->ath Carolina representatives.:-E
only man from thatSate -who-ill
talk at all. Is "Pitcbfrk"? Ben-rTili.
man. He gives voice to his coniu.
tOns regardless of how they harmon
Ise with pubhc opinion.
1.1 the recent spiing elletion 4.
Maine, according to the tteinf
Zf- politiciins- of that tstie hbere)
number t.of ERpublican-.-fties'et.
Demz-cratic oecause -the Euneeda
apenly opposed prohibition:-ddlI
--iounced Is as as ake and-s.prodficiak -
more hy'ocritical violanton. of.ini
and evasicns of truth than. -anithi
e'rr known. .Gcvornor Cobb chimsWf
as come out aglainst prodiIid
operated In that state, Wud-i
-o be quite certain that DeCh In
tate onvention, will-maketen ibA
:in the issue, of-turning to the Betis
plana of selling-whiskey. They clain
to have the sympathy of.the-mahrlty
f the cities and towns, &1thougirte.
o ntiry districts emay ~. 4gt.
taem. The claim is boldly .t
.-der the present laws the attiti
deluged with blind- tiger
-rom Canada and e1sewheraot~dd
there has- not been the .algb
.rease in -druntren. iTheArM,
it is asserted-, pay- out -arge!sbiss'
money for -whiskey and .strng drnk
orought in by expresa and Xelgh,
-Phile the -ligt drinks are .shut -
Proposittns are pendili lidipb onta
piatform showing wide, dnsrWsiis
in future laws in favor of beer:nd?
wines and -making - thetx' cib&
itrictly ardent spirits 1h4W Mts
3elief being thatthiswill endotfe
one class of drink'in a legitimatsy
at the expense of-the other.m :::
Down In Texas the Deoratapg
terribly split up .over .whether t
question of .prohibition-for the re
saate -is to be made-an's
coming campaign -or-wbethe - e
isting local option laws albrs kueie '
-3d to stand as they are.- <hisian~
Democrats has organissd -toMiig0
prohibition In -the- partj p~eiasi
:vhlle others say that this must .nob
Ulowved. Tae anti-prohibitlonists de
*Jare that the teetotalers and the
whiskey interest are working t0gelli
er again~t the brewers and winispro
ducers. "Tee whiskey pieole,"-id
a Texas congrussman here a day@t -
two ago, "are selling aboutr as pinch
whFhkey Ila the dry counties of- 20
state as they ever did by.-means-ot
~xpress and freight, while thie tie
whbo make beer and wine Und Iffsli
products shut out by retaon iobith
act hat these drinks are too lk
'o be handled by the blind 'b1i6s.
There is a genuine sentimnent sprit
ing up in the state to change this and
dye the light drinks the advantage
in law over the others; as-iiIs e my
tended this would reduce dzuigkn.
sess a great deal." The pihiiom
sts declare they have notnin-g i
vith the attb ude of the whiske e
ose and that tney are satisfiedwti
'he way thing4 are going. ThehT'
-hirg is sucn a delicate one evie
Ceras politician Is bolding off a
:ng as he can before getting intp:ie
:ray on one side or another.
In South Carolina, as know
stor Tillman is seeking to ~I
state dispensary .as the oesat -solnt10
)f the w-dskey problem and chasrge
-das the liquor people and probinl
sioemsts are workirg together to abol*
su1 it, tnle former with the belief
uey can bring about prohibition-and
hre latter believing they can: bring
.bout a rerrn of the licene systieur
ir Lsoal option. In his relens. fo
.-idress to the state, Sana- or Tifluwin
.unphassd the heavy Ic altf
mots of whiskey Into the 4 y coun
*Ais and declared that au ktmnma
s as widespread as ever.
Ore mation 0r The Dead4
At San FranCISCO two hundred bed.
les fcand in tne PtOrera -distrit,
cut, or S-asnon street, In the 2Iaisi
ty of the Union Wooks,-ware creek'
'-C as th-- S~x-mlO Hfouse- Satuirday
.y order C f Coroner Wilsh. Cremation
was deemn absolutely necessary to
prevent dise. I-i wne majority of.
eases Idestification was impossible
owing to the mtilation-of tbe fer
-:ures. Thne city has been devided Into
anitary districts and equadsfiirsli~
era for bodies of vicums haveait
-ent out to every quartier." TnbT~lns
of the bumned buildings in':theengt-.
new and the old residence section hsae
sufflently cooled to mike the. aearch
Dr. Charles Fi Taggart, of 7Ls
Angel's who had charge of a coiis'oT
nurses at the Hearst -Balief Hospial
in the Crocker Gramm~ar School, .on
Page strLeSt, near Baker, San Facls
co, was instantly killed Sunday. Au
automttic revolver dropped' ont of
his pocke;, was disaharged and 'as
bullet passed througu bis heart.' Dr.
Taggart was one of Calhfornia's prom