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WHAT DID iE SEE?'
This Is the Question Being Ask ed About Prof. Berrich. PROBABLY TH 8UL Of the Wife lie Had Just Murdered, is th Solemn Reply of Science Af ter a Series of Remarka ble Scientific Ex periments. Adolph Barricb, a gaunt, emaciated maniac, was captured by the sheriff and a posse last month on the prarle, nine miles from Cobrado Springs, Col. To the physician at the QCunty Jail, where he was first taken, he Imme diately became an obj mt of intense Interest by revealing himself as a student of advanced physics and chem istry. Fragmentary utterarows Iudloated further that the new inmate had fl.-d from Boston, Mass.; that he was Prof. Adolph Barriah, and that he had killed his own wife In the Inter eats of science. Ia a rambling way he has desmibed an experiment with a fluorescent screen, ultra violet rays and other apparatus, and a human soul foating away. Berrich's statements were so re markable that a search was made of the cave in which he had been lead ing a hermits life for years, in the bope that something more tangible might be found of the soul s-ekirg apparatus to which he refered so of ten. The searchers found nothing of Im portance but a very lengthy mann script, very illegible attimes. Thougn the document is unsigne d its aurlbor Is In all prcbability Proessor Barrich. for It relates In slightly less frzwm n tary form the details of the gbastly scientific experiment on whc'V the mind of the maniac is foiever dwell ing Considered alone as an unsubstan tiated documnent, the manuscript of Professor Berrich is of little apparent value, and may be dismissed as the irresponsible ravings of a lunatic Ba!. it becomes of tremendc us importarzxc when considered in con-2ecion with the experiments which have just been completed by Profetser Enurr Gates, the Washrgton scientist. By the use of nitra violt rays :s fl i iracA-pe a-2l other apparatus which Berrich ramb lingly &zscribes over and over regain. day after day, Professo- Gates caims tohave dup.c-idd the eou-i'g ex periment ot the mad Professr Bar rvic. He used a diini rat m the final and most success.fui test, and dtected, it Is dsciared, a shadow which passed over the specialiy pre pared so-een and faded saaj as i~ne little aci~nal died. Barrica asserts that he r'aw the soul of his o~vn wife ia his experi ment. The discovery by t he Wash ln'gton s utist indicas s thaLt itna not impossle for uin to hav:- do.se 5o. THE hAIZNG CoNFESsION. "S3 ;t eerned to m, iwas what would be mosg wortb kaowing oni 5&a> earth would te w~etner tuere Is or not any hereafter. My trai'nirg is the sciences naturally prxoo pted me to scient:fio inves!igation but for years my re.uits were i bs ilutely negauve. "Ten years ego I wa conviLcced that sei. c-- hac no way tf solving the su J c-mnd indeed', it badn'e at that time. 1 seft the U.:lted States and spent several years in otr.er Ctum tries. Into all thos'e re lica of esuper stition known as the black rats I del ved. "Aftler seven years I fell in love in Paris and married a beautiful tbut vain girl much younger than my self. I resolved and promisi.d to give uo my cra zy' ideas and live only for tzn present, as all animals, arnd most peo ple do. "We were quite happy for six months which we spent in Europe. Then my old desire crept back upon me. "Every night my wife knelt by the bedbide and prayed. At firit- she prayed out loud for her dead parents and for herself and for me. It was no use to argue with her that there are rnO trustwor thy ev:dences of a soul and that the bereafter is a my th in vented for slnple minds. She had to admit the streng th of my argumentsi. cofred ntnes in return but kept or with her prayers. "As soin as the prayer was cver she ciroppe d quickly to slitep. I to.e ever was doomed to follow out till the saln hours the chain of doub~s and blows engendered by her preayer. Several lira a are pan tially cblit?r ated by the westnier as this poirnt, but the sense is evidens from the remair ing words. "Frcm that moment I was possess ed by an ide a. A frxed ides-, psychio ogists call it. I recs gniz::d it. Iought against it, critietsed L-a:.d the in sane do notf criticise their lcea;--o I was no; insane. Yet the idea grew upon me each night that if 1 coulc kill a human being In the right way and be alt prepared I migat see tee hum-n soul. "If I could but catch a glmpse of the scul s kt fcrso ok the dead body my. doubts and misery wvoud all be at an end. I tels that my l'fe would be p aceful ever af ter and tha I would ato:2e for the murd~er by spreadin'g the truth of im'nrtaity to all the world. Tbst. would surely be worth one life. Weary of what he had endared ic Ola World travels, this nta;.or of a revoliing crim~e, turned hos-a d. "but bette er I d -'n lessons ir a the legends of Var~ds chd, me FIlng Dui Ca:ia2,"' ie sa:-s "o.r Ahsuerus, ete Wa.nde-ing ,Jew, cur sed withper:-:ual y outh and ever scekng anehrxr o der.:h. "In my s.eepiss nig~t-3 th temp. tation was te:r.b.e to slay thgia. who lay breath~ug ;ilently be ;da mi. She witn her pr:iy: rs, was L.Af ta e cause of in- mir.r I "At last I saw~ irhat I miust evenI tually yield to my eb io3 and' de termmnedo prepa:e fa'r ib- Sc.e hail prj.r5sid einttily in the~ .ig - yea.s sir-ce I amd re:icqu i e:1 it. Gr.'a di- c:>Jm:rirs we~'re mnac* wvi. h e Ible si.ne :'f vouirt.. From 3he 11i:1 octave of litvisi2 t, theO eye t run up anid up i ke t;.e notis ofa a no, only to iu itely Lmigner pit4a "I tad Int bemn arxious tr' exp i- I nult with toel:. newM n:s. On our eturu to Bo ron I fitted our house up wth many iNstrurents.', "My wife, a swer ;ba unintellect =l anal valin parson, sa.ived an an Lipathy to my woik. S.e refused to Da~ter my labiratory, ald seB-ned to Su:'der at my harmless fla.rosopa and Vgat bu bs. "O.-ie night my fix-d idea rose ir iPs gradually aqa'r.d might and to -k command of me. MV qlfe aad last retumried from a fastiora!le ball. "Sh compiained .f -.'rrible ea' ache and aceepted my cff.r -o relev it. I gave her a hrp:,dermia of mOr ohla. "I deliberately gave her an o-er dose, but not a fatal one. Tfe effects of the drug carne on iostatly, the neadache pass:-d, she toa.ked me drowsliy aud ;%as s~on irseusiole, ly ing in nex bail gown breathing heav ily, "With elaborate oire I broug-tt in my instruments f fom tbe Jaorat'y and arranged them. My heart beat as it never b at before. It was not a papitation, but a strong surgirg beat which sent the blood t my brain in a stealier. stronger stream than u-ual My faculties seemed exceptionally Acute, as well they might be, for I felt that I was the first scientist and perhaps the first man to see a human soul "At last the instruments were a rwgel, tested and found to be work Ing perfectly. Behind me were the tubes emitlng the ultra-violet ligit. They were placed behind me becure I beileved that I could see the stul in refllcted light as it really looks, and not a mere sba-ow as it would appear between me and the light. My fluor escent screen had a lens attos.c ment for focusing an image which I believe was an entirely new idea. "I opened a secret drawer in m7 ecretary and tok there'rom thp most deadly-of a!l 81uent death, a by oodermic syringe filed with cyanie wd, two drops of which i- ced in to the veins predaes instaat death, leaving no purple blowches ur tracesof any kind. "At first an indistinguish.able sha dow seemed to be gathering j-st above the boJy, rapidly assuming Lhe cun tines of the human form, ard most ce:fect in its tymmetry. Ta feat ure3 bore the likeaes of the dead. -iud were be.utifu! beyond descrip;on. The delic.e, ciea and ethereal being floazed in the atmlptr wi eyes -lsei until the proess of nature se.:ed comaplet, when they cpeV.d 4r.d a subli m? f 31ie e!,nC ; sed over the face. It fi atcd torcugn th-e air a m.-ment, andr taen, zs if ;mpelled by some attrect5n, irove! lWk a vapory mass toward a half open windr, pas ed out and was gone frever from my "rne eyes seemed t.o lovk towari me an insant. Tve expre&ioa chang d. NoL; rger, nor reproac!?, bu. utter am, zi-ent wss deptcted on tna dimi ctua.enanc- as it drifted out cf ran.re of my sureen. ' For some tim I stood like on tricken dumb. The enoruaity of t5r orme I had coMitted came 1:ke m. avaia, c:e upon 3 y brain. Again an% agan I caied my wife's name aur fnly thae echo of her wailing voice arswered me. "I destro:.cd ;11 eviderce of mn: guit and f&d from the~ city of Bast~n -oy to the mountai of the West Hee for t wo years I inve live d in se 1:.0,many times m~iaigm o'm-ne, but alw.ays bes deiet tomn my purpr-e b--cau~e I anad f:st- to prove what I tavo all this tiebeen tryt.:g t-co s'ive: "M, mitod is weakc aid fogg'd as I wite t:iS, and rey mie-y bthm. me. I am proba.bly going~ ineare, if I am not air-ry so. "Weil. so be It. I am glad to Ex prleoce~ insanity, tot; in fact I wil: pul ciff do..th at d see what it is like.' (IM strange manuscrip; ends as this point. There if no signature, and it Is thcuht there may possibly have been more ) acatjaeto D.i ath. Little Alexander, the two year old son -of Mr. and Mrs. D. M. Nix-n, who live at the C-mnie Maxwell Or phanage in Gr.-enwcod, met a tragic .iath Saturcay af iernioon. The littlh felow fel bacicvards Into a can oft 0-:lng hot water whiczh bad been placed en tihe fi or of the room pre paa ory to scou.ring the flitor. Hie was playinug In the room and in som way fidl backwards Into the can of hot water. He was fearfully scalded but managed to extrieste Ltims"lf frm the can, but his ii juries result d in death. .The funeral exercises were held at the Orphanage Sun day afterroon. The turlal will take lce in C-1rleston, the former h'me of Mr. andI Mrs. N~xon today. Mr. Nx;n has charge of the Orphanage farm. Ta-, mAltc1a1 Socaiy. The State Medical Society met in Coumbia last week. There was a large attendarce of members and the sesions were harmonious and pleas ant. The reguar annual election~ reted as So on: President, T. P. Wnaiey, o'f Cha rleston; vIce Presi dents. W.I'. Termerman, of E go ~ed, Henry Horibe~ck, of Cou..bia, M. G. Salley, of 0. ength.:r ; secre ary. W:,i.er Caoyre, of SDmtr; uesurer, C P A!hear, of C"triesron. '. Q-. COr , f A~ker., and F. H. Me Ld, cf Fiorenuce were le-elec:.e. tt The Charleston Shake. It is resdiy tIoniy years since the great eant-!q:ake wihich wr-ughit such havoc i: Chaxiesnon. Tn:. d:s:.urbat:ce occrrd cn tie right cf /August 31, 1886, and the first s~ozk lisi ateu: forty seonds. T ce rotr. 1. si of jr.4 eti-y fromL the ear:: quak. wa s~ra sd at fi -e niluona cohars and tne 1;. 5 of life a.ttributed to.the d-stubsce s w-il as t us kilitd outright~ by ;lus al'ing of bunliigs reacuod to very naly a hund i :?$onl::. A D ca r'a Advce. At Narf :. V.a, Dr. Emcard 0. V g LiS pa'ic .-v, t.aki4g the sin --,a h tieal c:me when duc-on cou .. - ed2 Iia.drg so r.r.c b od - dc .-e ha the.ir .te~e e::c D-. Cnoi sa' far b::tter re s-;v. om ;:comp ::.hed if this F,m a c actst:rg lodg"gonce at Fifta. and Mli-n -.res Sa F.:I c , heuc OiLap .d We dnesdavi -: - F s - - ' 50 .1? iZ ci F.!7.-: t. A: a& 100 p so w..re ki~lt d in the COisaapohitaa on Furen stre.et. BENDER FAMILY. The Mystery As to These Noto rious People Revived. 8EU VR L YERS AGO They Caused a Black Chapter a the History of The State ot Kansas. Their Tavern and Ian was The Scene of Many Ciul Murders. The q'icstion as to what became of the notorious Bender family has been revived, sais a dispac'h from Tzpeka, Kaisas. Mesi people.for years have beuevpd that te Benders escaped from Kansas and are still living some where. But Dr. JAmes A. Do Moss, of riyer, dclares that the Benders are ah laid to rest in .-nmarked grav es near Thayer, and Lhat lie knows the exact spot. "I have in my posseslon," said he "the names of eighit living persons who can tell the public, if they would, where the Benders are buried and who lodentitied their bodies before their burial. They can point out the graves of that wIcked family. To estaalish . historic fact and for the purpose of removing any dcubt about t :s mat -,r, the b~dies ahoul i be exhumed. I sr me Cne will- &id me I sAll under Wi.e the task." THE BE2NDEES IN KANSAS. KX.sa bas- hl.d meay revolting a.Imes committed within her bordere, out none ever equalbd the Bend c-imes, except praibly the sackini of Lwrenoo. The Bzrders ]ived m the inpin traveltd roid, ab.ut hall way between Tayer and C rryv . That was In the early 70's. Taer were four in the faimlly. 0': miE B -rcer an'l his wife a:d son and i w f -% T,:e son's wirs claImed to b - mediu-m ".nd izad gre-.t iniesov dIe merberi of -he f mdk' Tauey s.1: rerehm-.s and Ld fravelers wnt hippsned aong about meal time Their h:use had two rcoms, and th paritio3 conss.er of a calIco curtain, in the eariy .p:ing of '73 pe- p!2 bw a suddenly to disappea&rae :und trt secona ot ths country. f ney woul s-.rt ou7 on the Toayer Cherryvahk r-;ad, an. tit wouli bt the last seez of th-m. They wou:d drop complett, ly out of ;ig'--t. WHO THE VICTIXs WErE Ij Marc- of nat y: ar Wilam York b:otner of Senator Y rk, who play ed an ipzrtant role in sha Poerol -enatort&l s:a dal, started from Fori Sc to Independence. He droppam -ut of sdgigzs. Shioraly aftere;ard tni d!er faim: ditapp-ared. The fir, :ime rthey were nissed was when i neighbor fo.u-ad a calf tied to a tre desad in th. yard. Tue caif hal diet of starvation. The people Lhenl becam< cu-Ious and brgan aan iztvatigatior. iuey founid a trap door In the hou't andI it oyewed to a pit ab. un si x fe izs diarcater. Tae gruund floor ws soaked with blova. ia smelled of dle cayed human fiss. Ou1. in tne gere acnc suck<:nl boks were discovered . rebor though he woud duj io 'en and se'e what he could turn up -:n:ved it w-is irdoettifi-:d as that C: vAlle.m York. Tne investigation can t: nueti atd seven more bod ies wert dug up. Tuey were all id.. ntified but one. These identified were': George W. L ingear and daughter three mionths old. Longcor hkd los! "is wife ar~d was takingc his little gir back t:o Iowa toi live. Gage" Bro vn of Onerryvale. WIlliam M.:Orothy of H ,ward coun ty, who had left home wita $2,000 ir H. T. McKit z'e of Indiaua, wh< had c.ame West with a little money tt locate. M. B. B qylc of Mrntgomery county and an unirnowi msn. IN' THE BEEDER HOUSE. It aner~ waa asOrougaL out thal al11 of these people were kill d in the Bender house at differens times, with tne exception of Longcor and his daughter. Tue v-ctim wculd stop fol a meal. He wjould be seated at the table with his b.+ck near the calice curtain. Then one of the Benden tud slip u~p and hit him on thebhead ita a hammner, crushing his skull. His body would be dumped through the trapdoor into the pit aud then tc make sure of is death a Bender woulc out his throat from ear to ear Every victim wa~s treated In the same fas~h ion. Their heats were all crushes ic anid thair tbroats cut. In due time the~ body wrould ba taken to the garder aed Luriedi. O0 A p'i. 7, 1873, the four Berdera drove away. Tey left their Leam -..cut a mile from Tiarer and took she t.rra to Hu boldt. At ideast t'na; is the story. They have never beer. :een oka A pos::e was after thex about that time. After e-kirmbIhing aroun!d, for a few days the menbers of the porse returned to tneir htcuee .yv[rg t~a they had given~ up the onase. Th~ey dropped the subject qu esly. Tzie whereaurs of t.ur d 'n:lers ne',er seeme d to bother them :der that. Bat etuer people were. curious anid are still curious to t-u1n day. Tno po -ever poacrned. But muat th.:*y got rid of the Bende.rs hes alwa.ys te~-n su-pici :nea by many. Ar'd :l'e fact V-r:at Dr, Do Mo.ss, of Thayer, n:; cff-rs so turn no the b". e tne Bencers tends to confirm se suspiceon. i5a -a y Nm~Aed. The Sty' M d~cal Society at its srual In:e.noz at Ciumnba la. we:k u m.:mirzudy adepp:.ed a r-s !u '-u -ffaed by Dr. A. S. Hydrick f 0::.rg: r;urg, c-li'n:O upon t-.: 1.2.x? Legcs a5:.r: to e i. ish a ho.oe i0: .a .Son an in muio Is badly neded'. ~rt Kiilkd. A srec3m B urdel'd, W. Yz., sy J.:.r: YWi:son wa-; k~;ed and fou: ti r ren. w-re 'm:ly ldjared by a ge matu' e' x!::in of dysmaine at e'.E~ R..in, on the P. otu: rail:r . w~ u b r c::nstrumion. Thei r:.iln2. c1 ur irj urea mn are no -Sw. p, By' A T-:zado spc~ o The Statesman fro~m e?-rat. Tex-- s..ys: Thie r-own of Br g.:s abouct 18 miles north of tis a .,in th-is- oaty, w::-s awp; by a .a:-..a ut 5 o'clo':k Thu :sday -'rna se-d r~~ost0-mpletely de toye d. T vo persons are reported maeda n so iniurcd. PENKY Fl. TEORIES ON WAYS TO GET RID OF TE NVISANCE. Fome Faces TIhat Will Be of Interest Everywhere and to Iverybody. A recent pamphlet of the agricu' tural department at Washington im parts the interesting information that the common house fly may be driven out of a c->ummity by proper sanita tion in the stables, that fle3 breed al most exclusively in stables and that chloride of lime will exterminate them there. Ac'lng on this tneory an Asheville slIentist has gotten started a well defined movement there to have every stable thoroughly treat ed every three days under the super vision of the health department. The information Is that the eggs require ten days in whinc to hatch, and that stables can be cut off as breeding places by being treated frequently.| This, it is pointed out, will in tim wipe out typhoid fever and cause fi screens and fly paper to go out of com mission. Bat Weather S!ctijn Direc tor Biuer, who knows all ab.aut these sort of things, says taat the time to fight Mim is in the winter, when the death of one fly tceans at least a mil lion uss dies tne fodoviag summer. "TIne spring fly cicp dues not origi nate from the eggs, " said Mr. Baiuer. "The flies themselves hibernate thrk.ugh the winter, at any well suel tered plaoe, such as wider strips of weatherboarding, or similar crevices, where they can get together. I havce found tnem this way, c.ked together, nearly a hundred to tne qaare inch, ,a tae dead of winter and brought them to life by warming a plank they had adnered to. Now it is calculated that a female fly will breea not les., than a million every thIrty days, and this is kept up from toe fr.st warm ;%ays in the spring until the c.d weather sets in in ;he fall, wden those sOie to esa=pe ceath go to sleep for te winter, tocugis the average life is only t:-irty days ini summer. '-Tuere is ro doubt but that stables are the chief treadILg places for fie.s :ndi n:m If mese pits %bie properly ke dn o:Ln eoeugh ine fly p 4 Laatoin wtuldi be so gle4:ly red uced ae to almost do away t4 tne neewiesit ,or screeos. birild it rca:s to me that a cam-;4n agawmar flies snould begin in tae fall and lawt thraun the inter."~ It Is siugge'ted tuat the civic laague of th3 site take Lold of tab subj-ct and Lns.i:u:.e a vigo.ru emip::.igu algrainst tih flies through ihe he .th dceprtments. Houso flies d. not bits. Their wtuuths are not built for varing dfi C mrnX3 of human fl, sb, and they have a dleadly terror of c'tolide of lime. Hojrses are their best friend, for sta bles are thii.r citf breeding places. As soon as you and me and all the rest of us asopt automobiles and D-b nn goes to Lis long sleep with the doda, the ichtbyosaurus and the tuer .xtinct creaures. tae house fly will disappear and screens and stickpaper will be no lor:ger needed. These, 1o brief, are the conclusions reached by tue argituttural department experts, ini wa ion class Mir. Bauer bdiongs ano is. A very mnueresuing pamphlet has jost been issued on the subj ct with a view to informing the olic on the best known methods of exter. minating tare 1:st. "A single stabie In which a horse is kept," says the pAmp alet, "wil supply house fl:s for an extenden neignborhood. P.acp:e living in agri cuh ural commuities will probabi never be rid of the pest, but in the cities, with batter iaetaods of dispos irg of garbage and with the lessening of the number of horses consequent upon the ele cario street cars, bicy cle:, anid automobiles, tae time may come. and before very long, when window screens may be discar ded. The prompt gathering of horse manure would grfeatly abate the fly nuisance." Ac cording to the esuimates made by tn~e experts. 200 fly papparia are frequent ly found to the equare inch of stable manure. Oae female fly will lay 120 eggs, which will hatch and come te complete maturity within ten days. BITTZN BY MIAD DCG. The Little Four Year 04d Son of Mr H. H. Caunthen. News comes from Fort Matte that Hydrlck Cauthen, the 4-year-old son of Cashier H. H Cauthen, of the Bank cf Fort Mzatte, was seriously b:tten by a mad dog on Thursday evening. The little lad was walking .ith his mother in the streets when the dog sudderily dashed upon him. severely mangling the right hand and arm. Dr. W. W. Wolfe was immediately summoned and rendered every ssist atcC possiole. Ccmmunication was unad immediately b7 loung nistance telephone with tne Pasteur Institute, iu Baltimore, where the experts were nformed ol Dr. Wolfe's treatment. Tiaey approved of what had beau dce and reco~nmanded further im mdiate treatm-ent. Mea'wblle Mr. Ellott Darby had puryued the msd dog into the s wamp nod kad:ed it. Two hours after thie c~ld wa bitten he wras on the norta bund train, accompanried by mother ao* faJ~er, en ioute for the Paszecr Instute, in Baltmore The party aiso ctrdead the head of te mad d.g for examination by the PstCeur expeoras. It is said that the r g head bitten fiye or six otuer dorgs 'wn on ct, and that cte cat died of rabies We hope the trip to Baltimore will be etirely successful, and that the 11. 1l fe?Lbw will be saved from the h.:rro'rs \ of by drepbchia. In the ean time we would advise the killing f every clog or cat that was bittene by the dog that bit the little toy, or -ome other children may be bitten. Times and Dem'.crat. Terrible Accidentr. Dur'ng niin pract-iee in the Gerib bean sea on Friday there was an ex plosion in the turret of the battleship Kee.srge. L1:utenatnts Hudgins and Grrme and five sailors were instant v k-illed and an tier seaman was fa ally injred. TIhe accident was sim lar to that whico occurred on tue Mi~ssouri tw' pe ago, with about the same casuaB -R kct in IGharleston. Carlestcn Pest siys it was said W-'e.ade.y that a slight earthquake shock '-as felt In that city late Toes day afternoon, thought no definite r- p-rrs of the occurreece culd be ha:1. Some people c'r bed to have felt a is-.t vinr&.i',n jiet batore dark Tuesday evenirig bus~ ihe shake must ave been very slight as it seems to ave amsed withu an gneral noI 8O1JNDS ALARJM. MARRIAGE OF WRITES AND NE GROES IN THE NORTH. Irixon Sees Impending Menace to the Country in Pollution cf Eacial Life. Thcmas Diron, Jr., author of "The Clansman," sends to The Columbia Record some clipplngs frcm New York papers giving various details of the Spriggs case and that of Mr?. Oliver in New York. The first is a negro who was recently convicted of holding white women in slav.ry for immoral purposes. Tne second cae was that of a v,hite woman w: o was slapped in the face on a street car by a negro. Since that time, as press dispatches have shown, Mrs. Oliver has been subiected to all sorts of in salting and threateraing letters writ ten by negro men and wcmen. Mr. Dixon's letter f lows: Ejitor Tue Rcord: Permit me to canl your attention to the enclosed clipping3 from this week's New York pavers. The time has c3me for the Scouth to boldly demand the repral of all laws permitting the marriasge of negroes to whites. Mr;ine and N-braska hav: placed themselves In line with S.utu ern sentiment on this Issue. The incre.ss.cg corrupsion of our race in the Nortia by the physica: contact of more than a million ne groes, is something appalling. The revelation of the Spriggs case is the foulest blot on the civil-zariu of the c-ntury. Toe real details of this trial were never printed. Tne Lalf whiscered testimony of those tremoiing, brkn girls causd the judge ani ja'y ::gain and again to burst into tears. This negro was the keeper of four prison houses into which ycung white girls were kidnap ned and be'd for years in slavery for olaci teasts to viol-.te. He will serve. out eleven yea:s for these bide:,us crimes and w.l1 Then return ;o ni whitp wife and his old life. B-yond a coub: thi- systen of secret whitt' slavery to negro b-stiality I& u i'nrsai in tre gra.: N .r.hern cities The innrerni paludoa of otr rae ial lif is earlY fixe:- wacre it bslongs T.e .pen and sha - eless pr;ctica of so cial equancy with negroes by some of our great educatiUal leaders, the pandaring to negro vots, and the dia gusting p-OpagaLda of shallow theor Mt are produc:r g these fruits. A big buck negro is collecoor of in ternz. revenue In New York. His em ployment of- a white girl stenogravher is a daily otj -ct lesson to hi3 race. In Chicago, recently, a public recep tion was hld for negrees only wnu had married wtite women. Seventy di of these mongrel families were present. The rcftext action of -negro Insolence and crime in the North is q-2lckly felt in the south. Latters tell the story and infilme the miadi of S uthern black men. Will you not use your power In moulding the opinion of the nation in tbis vital issu ? Lest you may think, as has been foolishly said by my enemies, that my a'crk Is only for personal gain, allow me to say that every dollar earned by the S uthern Amusement company in presenting "Toe Clansman" in. the Suth has been promptly reinvested in irs Northern production. As a Southern writer and dramatist I have given and am giving the best energies of my life to preserve the purity of our ra-:e and avoid a slowlj aproach:g but inevitable condlict. "And I nO'pe to have the continued support of my p.,ople South of the Ma son and Dixon tine. I Sincerely, TaoMrAs DIIoN. JER, STHEY MUar MA.le. Plea of the Rawlings Retueed by Sn Preme Court. The case of J.G-., Milton, Leonard and Jesse Rtwlings was on Monday ecided by the Supreme court of the United States sgainst them, the opin ion being rendered by Justice H ilmes Tnis was a cri-ninal proceeding aginst the four men, all of them me mbers of one fd~mily residing ir: Lovndes county, Ga., on a charge of murdaring two members of a family namek Carter, with which family the Rawlingses had a fend. In is charged that they employed a negro, named Moore, to murder the entire Carter ramily, and that some of the members of the B iwlings family accompanied him to the Carter residence~ on sthe night of the t agedy. B? making a noise they attracted a boy and his siter outside the huue and then shct them down. 0.;her members of the family refused to come out and, there fore escaped. 0 the trial all of the members (f the Ba vlngs family, whose names re given, eccpt Lconard, were found gulty of murder, and he received a ecternce of life imprisonment. The Suprme court of Georgia affi med~ the verdict of the trial court. and the case was bro.ug'it to the federal su preme court on thbe allegation of dis criminaian in selecting the tria! jiry. In t..at. all professio~nal men were ex luded. The court held that the men had not been deprived of any consti tuional right and sustained the de cision of the state court. Make Good Wives. The Burmese women must make an ex~elent wife. A Singapore paper says that her highest ambition is to m intain her hu rband in lordly idle ness and to supply him with abun dant funds for cock fighting, bullock cart racing and gamb ing. And many of the Burmese we men do big deals in timber, buymng up in advance the "paddy" crops of a whole distrct, and s> on, on a scale that r: quire big financin" k$ y .nd Be.i t. Thursday a:ter'o..n E. E. Cslvin, gneral man'ger of the Southern Pe cific at San Francisco, wired Superin tendent Ingram at Las Angeles t' et a special train, buy fiva ca~ricas of goods, and send tnem to San Fran cisco at the earliest possible moment. Calvin said conditions in the stricken city are so soallifg as to be beyond belief or emr n A Oetre shor.. Te Columbia Evening Racord quotes "a leading business man" as denouncing the attempt of the police camission to enforce the Sunday lw. He saye: "This town is toj big for that sort of th~ing, and ii can't af ford to be held down in this way." Tne Newbstry Obierver says in reply Columia is a pretty big town; but it| isn't a big as Sodom yet; and Sodom oas bee' held down pretty effectively o the as e veral years. TRIX XKED LYNCH2ED. nissouri Mob Tr.kes the L>w Into Their Own Hands. At Springfild, Mo., on Saturday night a mob of 5.000 persons tore down the jdl and took Horace Dun c2n and James Copeland, negroes, hanged them to an electric tower In the centre of the publ!c sq'iare and 'Ut a fire under the suspended men. The negroes, both undei 21 years of age, were In jl. charged with assault ing Mabel Edmondson, a white girl, Friday night. The mob used telephone ail es and sledge han-m a to tear the jail to pieces. It h i mile from the J011 to the Equare and the mob march 'ed down one of the principal streets, zhoutiog and firing pistsis. Friday night while Miss E?.mond soi and a young man named Cooper Rere out ridirg in a buggy they were stopp- d by two negroes, who beat OCcpsr iEto unconsciousnUess and drag ged Miss Eimondson int; the woods oy the roadside and assaulted her. Dancan and Copeland were arrested on suspiclon but there was no evidence against them. Wlil Allen. a negro charged with the murder of 0. M. Rouark last Jan Uary was taken from jail by the mob that lyrned Duncan and Copelan( before midnight. Allen was hangee i3 the public cquare to the same tower that had served as ascaffold for the t o negroes murdered earlier in the evening. Allen was calm anc collected as he jumped from the tower, up which he nad been com pelled to ascend. Tne rope about hIZ rect broke as his weight f all on it, and he dropped ioto the pyre contain ing the charred bodies of his former companions in ;rison, Duncan and Capeland. 'Allen was taken up theo .ower again and compell1 d to jump. T0is time his captors w--re more sue fessful in their work. 'I swear the.t I am not guil..y of killing R:uark," were his last wor. .s. A D,,gen-rate. Party. The Republican party has brought the country to a shockirg state of af fairs and there is no end to tObe scan dals and exposures that are constantly being brought to light. Tne keen oir server of affairs, the New York Post, whih h-s always supported the Re putlican party. says: "The : resent is a pe iod of ;avoc and upheaval. The gale of reform that rages over 'the land lays bare most hideous conditions. A dollarized society, insensible to all but pricking selfishness. made possi ble corruption high and low. Bribe, graft, knavery, exploitation, investi gation, disclosure, confusion, shame, in the avenues of activity the public ferret Is at work This is a period of iconoclasm. Idol alter idol crumbles in the fierce glare of revelation. An age whose mighty achievements are grounded on confidence finds itself at the apex cf its triumph preoccu ied ii revealing vast-betrayals of trust. And the bewildered soul shocked into un certainty snatches defperately after fragments of that primal faith which ninds society together, fearful lest the slow fruits of an agelong altruism be lost to this univer al exploitation." This picture painted by the Post Is not overdrawn. Our people have been shocked by the revelations cf graft that have been brought out in the dispensary investigation. That is nothing compared to the stealing and rascality that is now rampant all over this country, in public and private af fairs. A halt must be called or as a nation we are doomed. Senator B.ell"'s Trtumph. Speeches on political subjects dehiv ereci in the United S-tates Senate are said t' but seldom change the votes of Senators. The forensic ability of Sen ator Bailey and his unanswerable ar gument that Congress has the power to prohibit the inferior federal courts from issuing temrorary injunctions egainst the enforcement of orders of the International Commerce Commis sion. proved one of thse: exceptions Senator Hale, a political opponent, acknowledged that he and other Re publicans had been convinced by Sen ator Bailey's arguments that the pow er to restrict the courts was inherent in Congress. No senator of the pies ent day has such a record to boast of, and it is a personal and political triumph that lifts Senator Bailey to the pinnacle of fame as a Democratic oratr, debater and Constitutional lawyer. We are glad to know that Sen ators Bailey and Tiliman are mn thorough accord and will pull togeth er. We have heard it said that Sena tor Tilman regards Senator Bailey as the ablest man in the Senate. Many Mf retalgg. A dispatch from San FraucIse; ays wddirgs in great numnber have r:suted from the recent disaster. Women driven iu~ of th:eir o-nes acc lelt desti n-e have appealed to thi :en to whom thiy were~ Engaged, and imediate marriages nave beu effect. aw p ypyP'ie. The V. ar D)epatment Saturday re ceived a message~ frin General Wcofn at Manila thar- the itben or Maryq~no as wept by tire. Many are roge lss and starving. Tija governmet( I rusiiig gsIstance to the stiIf--. Fire also destreyedi Pr-ll, rear BS B. .bD :sy. . Hand. a pro ?inent saw mili oprator of Bay Minnen, Ala., was rbbed in Montgomery Friday nigh. of ;ecurities es:imsted to -ce .worth $500 000. His satchel c mtaining the scurities was uaken from the home of the resdence of his attorney. THE Spartanburg Herald says "with, the masses of the American peoplp Bryan nas grown in favor despite hip crshing defeats in 1896 and 1900, andj today he stands forth clearl.3 the most distinguished private citizen in A mer icaand the most powerful leader.'' Bryan was not dereared in 1896 at all. Aording to Lavson. Bryau had Mc Knley beaten to a standstill, but the 1'ublicans changed the result by an iense corrupt fund raised a few weeks before the eletion. SEAKER Cannon says he hs onl to ambitions. One is to serve an other term as speaker and the other is to see congressmen get a salary of~ $15,000 per annum. W e agree with the Columbia Record that "the country cai stand another term for Cannon, but it will draw the line at $15,000 for conressme. The present sa'ary, $5,00, is large enough-too much mn many instances for the class of men who draw it." FACTS p BOUT ALFk ILYA. L North Osrolina Far m-r Gives Ris Experienca About It. The many letters I hztV3 rEceived'b sking for inform?.tion about alfalfa i indicates unabating interest in this aluab!e plaut, and induces me to rei terate some things I h.ve already written and also give your readnrs the benefit of my lurther experience. As stated in former articles, -there is much for u. to learn abcut alfalf3 before In can be generally F-uccessf ul in. North Carolina and other States with like slols. climate and weather condi tions. It is also quita probable that the plant requires difftrent treatment in different- localities even in cur own State. For instance, at Hillaboro, where the soil is a red clay, I have never succeeded witn fall seeding, while at Goldsboro, where the sail is a sandy ioam, fall showing now appears to be decidedly preferable to spring showing Mr. J. S. Davis, who has charge of my farm at Goldstoro, put in an acre in aifaifa last spring, bit it failed to .nake a satisfactory growth, prest m ably on ac .unt of too much rain. Be plowed the plat up and resowed it t' e 5t of September. A letter from him ta.tes the stand is goid and that the alfalfa is now a foot high. He sower inoculted seed and the inocuation a the finest I have ever seen. Many of Ohe plants have d zens of nodules on she roots. - Last faU I also put la a lot of land rt Hillsboro that bas been growing al falta for the last five years. Dr weather followed the sowing and th! alfalfa did not come up until late in October, too lD.te to n*ke st-ffuien rowth to wthhstanding the. winter, so I re sowed the land shia week. TahI 1. the second time I have had to somw &lfalfa In the spring after fall eedirg a B. s.oro. Others there who grov alfalfa say they do mot succeed with, tail so -ing. Jacging from my expei tence I thi:k alfalta. should be sowed i the spring in the warm sctions, In sections where cotton grows br st. ard in the cooler sections, like the Pied mcnt ?,nd mcuutaincu- parts of North arolina, it will do best planted in the igring. I recently read an an article from a rentleman lving near Charleston, S. C., who Is growirg alfalfa successful ly H says he plants it in rows about welve t;% fifteen inehes ap,rt, sowing wenty pounds seed per ;cre, and cul -vate?' t keep down crab grass. He ays it cannot be grown sucessfuily in his section In any other way. His vields are very heavy, several tons p.r tcre. I mention this so farmers living in sections waere crab grass will choke out alfaifa, can give this plan a trial. Now is the time to sow. The sprirg 'as ndo been favorable for earlier seed. ing. In most secvionslghe land basbeen oo wet and cold to risk putting It in earlier. Prepare the land throughly by plowing and harrowing *o as to get a good seed bed and there will be ric trouble about the seed cominDg up Without thorough pieparation of the and it will bA useless to plant alfalfa. As advised in former articles, theland enud be fertile, well drained, ann well drained, and well11imed if at all scid. 'There is probably no plant ben efitad more by a good ,applicstion of lme to the land than alfalfa. From experience I also advise sow ing inocniai.ed seed In advising this I know I am treading on disputed grond. Many have pronounced the culture" inoculation worthless, but my own experienC3 with them har hun very satisfacotory I have the al talfa, as fine as I have ever seen, and with abundant nodules, which Is the best evidence that with me it is a success. Do not, however misunder stand the effi:3 of Inoculation and suppose it will accomplish all things. Nat so. It cannot take the place of thorough preparation, phosphyric acid, potash, and other essentils in growing alfalfa, or any cther c-op. Inculation without these will avail nothing. T. B. PABKEER. IT seems that wealth claims its priv iliges the world over. In that mys terious, far away hermit country Thi bet, a wealthy girl, need not have but one husband if so minded, and she may change him for another as often as she pleases. On the other hand, a poor girl must take as many husbar ds as the lama, the local priest Is pleased to assign to her, and she has no word in the choice of them. The farmer should read the bulle tin3 of his state experiment station for they contain much information of value to him ind] -:st bim nothing, during the long winter evenings thter' is plenty of time to glean mrch infor mation that can he put to practical and profitable use in every. day life on the farm during the busy hours of summer when labor and time are botb st a pr. m'umf. POSTMASTEE General Cortelyou is goir g to have a bill introduced in con gress providing for a postal note, for~ small sums only., which will be provid E d by the governinent at a very slight cost, to obviate the necessity of send ing postage stamps anid smanl coins through thienais. Tsz Osler theory does not seem to appy to women. We hear that Susan nthony in her 75th year was offer .100 a night for lectures. Miss Se epta Pratt is 86 years old and a tray eine saleswoman of East Brook, Dela ware county. N. Y. THERE is a good deal of nonsensical talk about Bryan's trip around the rorld fitting him for the presidency. He was fitted for the presidency before h~ ever went abroad and if the East ern Democrats accept him as their can jlidate they will have to take Nm bdfs and.all. _____ ..YAN 's comning to the front as a yresidential candidate. We would be delighted to see this greatest of al1 A mericans President of these United States. How early people get around who have kicks to make, and what a time it lakes them to come who have com pliments to give! Every editor no doubt has noticed this. A YONG g ri cannot be too careful cf her conduct. The tattlers are ever .ausy, and it's just as well to give them no material for conversation. You will do well to follow the advice of your mother, even if it does seem pru :lish and old-timey. The department of agriculture has succeeded in developing a lettuce that ss all head and weighs a pound and a2 daf. In two years they hope to have 1 :he lettuce so develop'ed that they can ;>roduce heads weighing four pouinda : Lt will oe all whitea nd1 tendr.r The eventual stiuggle In this -- 1n' ry will be between individualism and ocialism and the Republican party, with its pers'stent efforts for central zation, is to blame for the growth of ,he socialistic p opagands. The Dem xracy has always stood for the free lom of the individual and ho're rule ind opposed to the paternalistic and Eamillonian theory that the Federal government must be all powerful. The Constitutional provision that all rights not granted by the states tothe general government are reserved to the states and the people Is the funda mental doctrine of the Democratic party, Jeffers on, the apostle of the Democrats, declared this and no true Democrat has ever gainsayed it. Mr. Bryan, who has been accused bY the Republicans of Socialism, shows by his conservative views in his article entitled "Indi:idualism vs. Socialism' in the Century Magazine for April his own and the Democratic position. In that article he says; "Much of the rergth developed by Socialism is due be fact that -ocja~t5 advocate in reforms which ini] a'so advrcate. Municipal ownersliI% monopoies, for instance, is advocated by individualists, because it is prac ticallh impossible to have more than one water system in a, city, and by the latter on the general ground that government should own all the means of production and distribution. Mr. iryan remarks that the sentiment for municipal lighting plants is not yet so strong, and the sentiment in fa' or of public telephones and street car lines is still less pronounced; but the :ame general principales apply to them and individualists, without ac cepting the creed of Socialism, can ad vocate -the extension of municipal ownership to them. He further shows plainly the evils to the individualciti zen of Socialism when he says: "If the government operates all-the fac tories, all the farms, and all the stores there must be superintendents as well as workmen; there must be different kinds of employment, some more pleas ant, some less pleasant" and he asks; "Is it likely that any set of mencan distribute the work or fix- the compen sation to the satisfaction of all, -or even to the-satisfaction of a majority of the people?" How great, therefore, is the gulf be tween the Democracy and the Social ists. who believe in concentrating all power in the central government whereas the Democrats stand for the utmost freedom of the individual citi zen v ithout infringement upon the rights of others. The trend of Repub licanism to rush to Congress fora cure for co itical evLs; tc oveilook and even aid, executive usurpations over the representatives of the people to favor trusts and corporations who in return have furnished money to corruptly keep their -friends in power. The Democratic doctrine is exactly opposite and is expressed by "Eqial rights to all and special privilegesto none." Wittout the Democratic par ty, which alone offers all classes equal rights, there would be a certain hur rying of the unthinking to the 'ex treme of appropriating-all the means of production and distribution bythle natiotal government,sO that ultimate ely there would be no incentive for individual ef..rt. The confiscation-of the property of those who, by saving or superior ability had secured a comn peterce would follow the appropria tion oi the property of those who had& amassed millions- .The. Democratic party is the only hope of a free people against the tyranny of centralized power as taught by the Republican party, and the thought is fast crysta lizing that William Jennings Bryan Is the los ical candidate of the Democra cy in 1908. William Jennings Bryan. That something must be done on the part of the Democracy to s'em the rising tide of Socialism that threatens to overwhelm the government as -ad ministered by the Republicans, is now an accepted fact,and,strange asit may seem, there is said to be a turning to Mr. Bryan by the Eastern Democrats as the man to lead the Democracy to victory in 1908 against Socialism. As the Augusta Herald says Mr. Bryan "will always receive a courteous hear ing from the American public in spite of the betrayal to which he was made. a victim by men whose crime has been condoned. Democracy in its amplitude ever holds the gatie open for recreants to return to the household, and in pursuance of this principle Belmont, ockran and several others have-been welcomed back to the house they -de serted. Grover Cleveland, too, seems to have shared in the general amnesty, though his desertion of t'he cause was emphasized by traitorous acts of the deepest dye. - Mr. Bryan has entered the arena of Academic politics with a defully pre pared article on "Individualism Vs. Socialism" in the current number of the Century Magazine. The most gen eral note of significance to be drawn or this article is that its sets forth in characters distinct as light the rad ical separation of Mr. Bryan and Mr. Hearst. It was thought by some that these gentlemen were in accord politi caliy, but Mr. Bryan has dissolved that erronesus view. The ultimsate solution of the economic prob'ems he emphati cally places in the resources of the in dividual rather than in the organiza tion of the combine. In connection with this reassertion ' of Jeffersonian doctrine comes the re. part that the Democratic National Club, which is to be the expansion of N~ew York, is to p'ace Mr. Bryan again in the race for the presidency. With the financial question eliminated there is no element in Mr. Bryan's pro gram, as recently put fort5i, that does not make for success. As a 'national figure he still holds his place despite a repeated r efeat and a repudiation. The sterling honesty of the man, his clear sd steady adherence to purpose once expressed are so well known that they :or stitute a permanent guarantee of bis popularity. Faral Family ERw. Stanley Gertz, a wealthy resident if Passiac, N. J , shot his diaughter, dr. Walter Potts, sbat at her hus 'd and then killed himslf. . The aughter's condition Is grave. The ouble arose, It is said, over family !lFferaens