Newspaper Page Text
VOL. xxi. MANNING. S. C., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1906. NO. [2.
DEATH OF MOSES o W at One Time Known As the Robber Governor OF SOUTH CAROLINA. He Gained Great Notoriety in Recon strudtion Days as a Member of the Tbieving Gang Which Plun dered the State's Finances. Dies of Asphxia:ion. Former GoveInor Franklin J. Moses of South Carolina was found dead in bed at his lodgiug housa at Winthrop Beach, Mass., Wedneqtiay', death be ing caused 'y asp -ziation. When his robm was b 'en into gas w'e found escaping from a small stove which. was used to heat the place Mr. M-oes was 60 years of - age. H3 had resided in Winthrop for several years and ocossionally had acted as moderator at its town meeting. Mr. Moses had a varied career and although once was wealthy, it Is said that he died in comparative poverty. He was governor of South Carolina in 1872. MOSES' OFFICIAL IJFE. Franklin J. Mosas. Jr., was the son of Franklin J. Moses, of Sumter. a circuit judge under the white govern ment in 1865, and chief justice of the supreme court under the negro gov ernment for eight years. The younger Moses was in the South Carolina col lege, from which he was honorably discharged in the janlor class. He was on the staff of Gov. F. W. Pickens in'1861, and raised the Confederate flag over Fort Sumter when it was surrendered to the Confederates on April 12, 1861. Just after the war ,he was a Demo crat and attend ed one Demoorattc State convention in Columbia. On the Institution of the Reconstruction measures he joined the R publican party. He was a delegate to the con stitutional convention in 1868, ard was a member of the legslature in the same year-being elected speaker of.the house of representatives. He also held the offie of afjatant and in spector general. He was elected gov- I ernor in November, 1872. and held t that office for two years. FRAUDS nT OFFICE. As aijatant general and also speak er of the house of representatives from 1868 to 1872, he defrauded the State out of $70,000 in buying arms for the militia. As speaker he re ceived numerous bribes for officially aiding different schemes by his rulings an'd committee appointments. He thus received large sums from the Re publican Printing company and some money also from John J. Patterson, who was- United States senator. He .Issued fraudulent pay certificates ag gregat-ing over $1,000,000. Ag gcv ernor he received bribes for approving certain acts of the general assembly, which were desired by the corrupt ring. He was believed to have sold many pardons and also to have re ceived money for attempting to pro cure decisions of the supreme court, of which his father was chief justice. On the solicitation of o'ne Thos. C. Andrews, senator .fioin Otargeburg, he appointed John L. Humbert treas urer of that county. Andrews con trolled the treasurer and bad the lat ter to supply Moses with money to the amount of abcut $10 000. Hum bert and Moses were Indicted on the charge at having consphmed to defraud the State out of $16.200 of pubhec funds. Humbert was arrested and a war rant of arrest was served on Mos* while governor by the Orangeburg sheriff. He refused to be arrested, and called out the negro militia in Columbia to guard his residence and the executive cff ice. The indictment was afterwards quashed on the ground that the governor could not be indicted but must be Impeached. Er4ECTED CIECUIT .TUDGE. He was elected judga of the circuit court in December. 1875, but the su preme court decidedttne election void. In 1877 he was Indicted for various frauds. as speaker, as adjutant gen eral and as governor, but was never brought to trial-a general amnesty having been granted the several thieves Indicted for their conduct be tween 1868 and 1875. Moses was a confessed bankrupt in 1874-his liabilities being $225,000 and his assets $67,000. He led a very fast life. The following sketch of the life of Franklin J. Moses Is taken from Mr. John S. Reynolds' book, "Reconstruc tion in South Carolina." Moses made himself notorious, nft only In this State, but in the other States of the Union. The opinion~s expressed of num by the Republican minority that sought the eleotion of Tomiinson were more than justifled by his course In the executive office the white people's estimate of his character was shown to have been more than fair to him. That Moses, as a member of the house of. reprne sentatives, a.nd more especially as speaker of that body, had been fr~ quently bribed, nobody burt the blind esi partiznns or the active part:'ei. pants in his corrupt transactions evei affected to deny. In the executive office he justified every charge whicl before his accession bad been made against him-this by pursuing course which frcm first to last ~as flagrantly dishonest and which was ii other respcts a disgrace to him anc an outrage upon the waole people-: course which made him infamous i the eyes of every fair minded man ? -the country, "Moses entered the governor's of fic without money--all that he had pre viously gotteni having been spent I his fast life some features of wio *were grossly Immoral. LIVED IN EXFENSIVE STYLE. "He very soon indicated his dete amnon to live in most expensil etyle. He bought for $40,000 the residence then known as the Prestoif m ansioL-bavir g for a long time been the home of John S. Preston, a wealthy and prominent cltizsn. This buildiog with its grounds and with others erected on them has in recent years been used as the Presbyterian College for Women. "Moses had this mansion elegantly furnished and the building and grounds he always kept in first 'class condition. His style of living was most ertravagant- He had a hand some carriage drawn by a pair of beautiful horses-the whole turnout caculated to give the impression that It belonged to some rich man fond of making a display of his wealth. Away from ho.e-on the frequent trips which he made to Washington and New York-he spent money even more lavishly (and more disreputably) iban he did at home. He had the reputation of spcnfiai thirty to forLy thousand doliars on his sala y c1 $3 500. These estimates might have been excessive because made by peo. p'e who ware unsecusto-med to such a display of wealth as Mosesgav. tgsm The general opinion was that in his ,wo ;ears in te gove:nor's offie be =rst have spenat not less than $50,000 for his living expenses. He expende d aige sums otherwise. In M ay, 1874, it was publicly stated that his debts imounted to more than $225,000 and is assets to $67,000. These figuree were afterwards verified when be fil d bis petition as a voluntary back-upt. [he corrupt means which he employ )d to get money made him famous as the robber gcvernor.' HIS SOURCES OF REVENUE. "Tao frauds by which Moses pro mred the money that he spent chief y in 'rioutous living' have been tated by himself or by those who oined him in his schemes. He receiv d a large share of the money paid by osephus Woodruff and A. 0. Jones o have their priziting bills passed. For ihe approval of one printing appro riation (December 21, 1872.) Aoses eceived $20,000. For a like service .n relation to the act of December 19 873, he received $10.500, and on diff arent days in that month several sums ggregatirg about $5,000. Moses him ;elf admitted under oath that on a ingle occasion he bad received from oodruff $15,000, which was used to nake the first payment in the pur hase of the Preston mansion. "It was commonly reported that Mses exacted money of numbers of its appointees among the county offi ials, and that he sold many pardons or actual money. Certain it is that whenever his official station gave him pportunity he used it corruptly In is interest. His conduct became so razen, his villanies were so much ad ertised the country over that it was )ain to the Republican leaders in outh CaroliE a that unless they should eally 'turn over a new leaf' they must iot expect the countenance of the na ional party or the help of the nation a government." Killed by Railroads. The railroads in South Carolina luring the year juast passed killed 198 rsons and injured 1,148. This in lades passengars, employes and tres ~asers, the figures being obtain~ed ~rom' the annual reports to the rail oad commission. The Southern Railway's mileage in ~hs State is greater than that of any ther system and naturally the larg st number of deaths was on that sys loi. The report for that system is nder three heads, as follows: -Atlanta and Charlotte, killed 20; nj 2red 147. Southern Railway, Carolina divi don, killed 67; Injured 251. Southern Ritlway in South Caro na, killed 13; injured 295. The reports from the other roads hich had casualties are as follows: Atlantic Coast Line, killed 25; in ured 209; Charleston and Western arlina, tilled 6; injaured 99. Colum-. o1a, Newberry and Laurens, injured 2. Lancaster and Chester, kulled 1. Northwestern of South Carolina, in juredi1. The other small roads report none injured or killed. Daring Robbery. ' One of the most daring robberies of recent times in Russia was committed at the Petersburger International bank Wednesday afternoon, when a number of robbers escaped with $14, 00, the entire cash of the bank. Half a dczrn armed men sudienly ap peared at the counter and ordered the clerks to throw up theIr hands and shot the policeman on duty. They thE n rifled the cash drawers and ran ofi'. A force of Corsacks pursued the robbers and captured five of them, but the rest got away with the money. First Tea Crop Sold. At Charleston last week marketing was begun of the first crop of Ameri can tea grown on a commercial scale. Twelve thousand pounds have been raised on a plantation in Colleton county, a few miles from Charleston. For several years tea has been mar keted froni Pinehurst, the govern ment exp-'imental garden at Sum merville, but the product marketed today is th.. first of a purely commer cial venture. The output next year promises to be very large. Wounded Man Dies. Former Uzited States Senator Ar thur Brown, of Utah, who was shot in his apartments at the Hotel Rleigh in Washington Saturday at ternoon by Mrs. Anna M. Bradley, of Salt Lake City, dIed at midnight Thursday, at the Emerger cy Has pitl. Mrs. Bradley was arraigned it polica court on the charge of murder Her attorners set up the defense mal sh was justilled under the "unwrit ten law" in shooting Mr. Brown. Masonic Orphanage. The grand lodge of Masons in ses sian In Charleston decided to build Masonic orphanage. The trustees wil have this year $10,000 for this pur Dooe. They are J. R. yohnson, Gec SS. Mower, G. T. Bryan, C. F. Sawye and the grand mister ex- officio. 1 EpidemIc of Diphtheria. bOwing to an epidemic of diptheri In several parts of Long Island a ver large numusr of schools have bee closed. A number of deaths are ri QUEER MISTAKE. A Supposed Dead Man Writes to Augusta, Ga., and DENIES BEING DEAD. A Mysterious Case of Mistaken Identi ty. Forty P-ople Identified a Body Found N-:ar Augusta to Be Rev. A. E. Rojshn Who Tu--ns Up Alive. A que0.r ,%ass of mistaken Identity has recently occurred in Augusta, Ga., and the Herald says the an aouncemna tst Rev. A. E. Rojthn, the nan E app -ed to be mouldering in hi ave In a 'araway .kennsylvania bome, Is alive And eojoying a normal degree of health will be greeted with surprise akin to a shock; but such is apparently the case and the fact will pace on record one of the most weird, mncanny and mysterious occurrences un ever orJginated in Augusta, and will furnish 1bundant literary mater ial for those unusual stories univer ally accredited to the vivid imagina ion and versatile pen of the novelist. There are many cases of mistaken dentity on record, but there are few natanc3s if any, of over forty people dentifying a corpse and all being mis uaken. The name of.the unknown stranger who died so mysteriously and so pa hetically In the woods near Craig's "aosiug on Sunday afternoon, Octo ,)3r the 28th, and who so closely re iembled Esv. A. E. Rojabn, an Apos ilic minister, that he was declared io be the preacher by over forty peo ple, will probably never be known. Who he was, as to where he came rom, and why he refused to disclose 3is identity, Is an impenetrable' mys ery that will be discussed until time azses it from the public mind. Undertaker R. E. Elliott received Wednssday the following letter writ eon by a nan whose funeraL was held ieveral weeks ago. EOJAEN NOT DEAD, Valdosta, Ga., DLC. 9,1906. Dear Friend: I received a letter from my mother tt Dallastown, Pa., that I should pay he $100 you charged. her to send a lead man, by name Bruce W. Bakey, r some other dead man to Dalla3 wn, Pa., and used my name to get. er to send $100. I am only 29 years old and this man was about 50 years old and had nat ral teeth. I have false teeth and an't see how they could say it was e. This was a terrible shock to my >rother and sister. It was a man they id not know at all. So I was going io come over there myself to Augus a; may be there yet and If -you want o have a ho me in Heaven, Jesus says luke 6:31, "As you would that men should do to you do ye also unto them ikewise.' Please send me the man's address f the house where the man died. I would like to have his charts, papers ed Biile if he had any. I can't un erand that the man did not tell his ame at the house where he died, but the good Lord knows all about lt. If you send me his papers or the things he left at the house where he died, 1 may find out where his relations live nd if I can find out them it will heir us. Yours in Jesus name and for His gory, A. E. Ro3AHxN P,. S.--Brother McCaw, a street preacher, told me if it was Bruce W. Bukey, his father lives in Los Ange les, Cal. STORY OF THE sTRAN2GEE. The autumn occurrence that has re cently caused such startling develop ments reads like a genuine romance. The affair at'the time it occurred at tracted considera ble attention. It will be remembered that on Sun day evening, October the 28th, Coro ner Elliott was summoned to the coun try to inves'gate a mysterious death. A ragged, unknown and disconsolate tramp died In the woods in the Craig's Crossing vicinity, his deathbed the fallen autumn leaves and the roof above him the foliage on the thousand tinted trees. His name he refused to tell and the suggestion of coming to this city for medical treatment filsd his eyes with terror. That h3 was not profesionally a tramp was evidenced by his difering his last nickel in pay ment for a cup of coffee that some kind-hearted woman brought him. Coroner Ellott, who is also at the head of an undertaking es tablishment, brought the body with its secret for ever locked In Its bosom to his plact of business and held It for Identifica tion. THE IDENTIICATION. When the circumstances surround ig the death beceme known several people called by the undertaking es tabishment and viewed the remains. Several stated that it looked like a street preacher by the name of Ry jahn. Later It was positively Identi fied as Rev. A. E. Rojahn b) Rev. J H. Benson of Langley, and forty oth er citizens of that plece. In substan tiation of the identification, Mr- Ben son brought several letters written in red ink by Mr. .dojahn. The where abouts of the man's family was ascer tained through Informatiori of Mr R jbn and were notified of the death; 8100 was immediately sent to defray expenses of sending the body to Dal. lastown, Pa. Before sending the body to Dallas. - town and after keeping It one week ,funeral service was held at the under taking parlors by Mr. Benson and at . tended by 40 people intimately ao quainted with Rev. A. E. R-JRhn he casket was open and every peisor viewed the body. As stated in The Herald some timi ago, the family refused to accept thi body, but very little attention wa y given the mitten until the receipt C 0 the letter Wednesday. The letter wa - written in red ink and the handwrit tugreaveals the faot that it was wril ten by the same person who wrote the letters to Mr. Benscn. That a mistake has been made and an unknown body shipped to Mr. Ro Jahn is :ertain. Mr. Elliott states that while he is not legally responsible for the money, in consideration of the fact that a mistake was made, he will refund all but actual expenses. A BIG PROJECT. PLANS OF SOUTH CAROLINA PUB LIC SERVICE CORPOR ITION. C Electric Railway to Connect the 1 Coast with Crangeburg and the Piedmont. The Charleston News and 0 ourier says after having been quiescent for a several months the Augusta-Charles- " ton Electric mirage has again arisen, and this time it has somewhat more definite outlines than formerly, r though, of course, it Is not yet possi ble to say positively whether or not the road will be built. Judging from d the tone of recent utterances in the a rewspapers the project has by to 0 news been abandoned, and at pres ent the outlook for an electric Ane to Augusta from this city is bright. It is not now, nor has It ever been, the d ntention of the promoters of the en terprise to construct a trolley line, 1 but theyshave all along contended for a in electric line, and it is still their In 0 bantion of the parties interested to b make the line an electric railway. 8 Mr. Lawrenc. M. Pinckney is one r >f the corporators of the. South Caro ina Public Service Corporation. He s as been in New York during the d past few days, only returning yester- I !ay, and found a number of letters on us dask relative to the line. The ugusta Chronicle, in speaking of s he proposed line has the following to 11 "In connection with the long talk- t, id of electric lins from Augusta h brough Columbia to Charleaton h, >acked by Northern capitalists, and h or which the surveys are well und.r ay, Mayor Allen' who returued from 31 ;he R.vers and Harbors Congress Sun- 01 lay, found awaiting him on his 8 lesk a communication from Orange 2 rg, S. C., stating that the construe- u Aon company in charge is anxious for 10 tatitics regarding the growth of Au- t usta for the past several years. ti "These were compiled by City As- of essor John M. Weigle, showing a re N arkable increase since the census of 8c 900. These inquiries are considered ec ood ground to believe that W he men behind the movement I tend pushing forward from now on t with Increased.vigor. It is believed 0 he opening of this route from Au- i' Mta t the sea will work wonders In .n hastening the commercial develop- V nent of this city and all sections f ihrough which the line passes" . This line has been spoken of fra- ' luenty before, and will, no doubt, be y tructed, and from the present I irend of things it would seem that it a will be built shortly. A number ct As arveys have been made and the sue ~ ~ess of electric lines In the upper ~ art of the State will no doubt, en- a ~ouage the promoters to begin work- ~ ng uv the plans again. The South Carolina Public Service e Jorporaton proposes to build an elec- t brie railway frcm Obarleston- to p Jolumbia and Augusta, via Orange t1 urg, and to the milling towns north I f Columbia as far as Charlotte. The Augusta-Aiken line and the fl AndersonBelton line, and numerous C ther ele ctric lines In the State, are n good condition, and popular favor ' seems to rest on electric lines, a The South CO.Alna Public Service C orporation will bn granted a commis i sion in the near faiture. At present e it is not organixed with a president, t secretary and officer3, though it is a a well-known concern and is doing all ' In its power to build electric lines r through the State. Charleston Is to I the terminus cf the lines and the 1 success of the Augusta-Charleston project will mean a great deal to this I city. Child Badly Burned. At Columbia the little eleven year old daighter of Fire Chief May was painfully and very seriously burned early Wednesday morning and har ather was also painfully burned. he little girl was standing before an open fire when her clothes caught, te flames q lickly spreading over the idi Immable material. Mr. May rusned into the room, grabbing his daughter In his arms and set to work to extingusli the flames. Mr. May was burned while thus occupied. Drowned in a Washtub. The little five-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. R. Ellis, who live 10 miles south of Greenwood, was drown ed Wednesday morning in a washtub. The little child climbed up in a wheelbarrow standing by the tub and fell In the tub of water. She was there 20 minutes before being discov ered. Dr. Ward the nearest physician was telephoned for, but the little child was dead before he could get there. Barkeeper Killed. The Italian quarter of New York was shocked Wednesday by the most revolting murder of years. Salvatora Sterlozza, a saloon keeper, Is the vic tim. The assassin drew a circle on the glass door of his saloon as a tar get and then called the barkeeper. As Sterlozza's body covered the target, the assassin fired with a shotgun loaded with slugs, minie balls and shot. The rf-an s chest and head were litecrally blown to piece~s. Killed a idorse. One of the state constables shot and killed a horde in Charleston on Tues day that was drawing a wagon load of contraband liquor. The constable had ordered the driver to stop, and he refused. The horse belonged to Sot tile Brothers, notorious blirnd tigers. ~Killed in Chinxa. SNews has been received In Ander son of the murder by Chinese of the ten-year-Old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Royal, missionari In hina. Mrs. Royal was before her mar . rale a Mis Sullivan, nesr Pelzer. KILLED HIMSELF. & COLORED PRE'ACHER CUTS BIS OWN THROAT. Wus Pastor of a Methodist Church In Crangeburg for Past Two Years. Rev. 0. P. Nelson, who had resided n Orangeburg as Pastor of the A. X. D. Church. for the past two years, ommitted suicide on last Thursday norning sometime between one and wo o'clock by cutting his throat with , razor, wbich was found In his right and when his body was discovered by is wife a short time after he com aitted the terrible deed. Whin his ody w:.s first found it was seated in chair, but soon fell to the floor, rhere it remained until Thursday 2orning when the Inquest was held. he body was first discovered by the rife of the dead nuan, who occupied he parsonage with him and one child. It seems that Nelson tried to com 11b suicide Wednesday morning by rinking lauda:um, but t il ffort fail d by'another colored preacner calling a Nelson and finding him very drowsy ad smelling the !u'nes of the drug. a reply to some erqu'ry Nelson said e had taken a dose of the deadi: rug and thought he had taken toc iuch. The visiting preacher sum ioned Nelson's wife and she made ad gave her husband some strong ,ff es in which melted butter had men poured. This destroyed the nect of the laudanum and Nelson )used up, seeming to be much better. 'he vitiling minister then left. Nel. )a remained in bed all day Wednes my, and was attended by some of the tembers of his church, who staid Ith him until about tffelve o'clock lednesday night, when he was con dered out of danger, although the Tect of the laudnum was still plainly lsible. It was not suspected then iat Nelson had attempted to take is hfe. After the visitors had left B got up and got his razor and cut is throat as above stated. The cause of the suicide was me crooked financial transactions i the part of Nelson. It is 6id that during the past sum zer the trustees of the church acting 2der the advice of Nelson secured a an on their property from one of ie local building and loan associa ons. The amount was $500 and the Beers of the association state that elson told them that the amount cured was to retire a former Indebt ness. The trustees of the church 6y that they know nothing of the rmer mortgage but that it was isir intention to secure only a loan $150 to satisfy outstanding bills for isrance and for parsonage furni. ire, and that it was only recently iat they discovered they had signed r a $500 loan. They state that just before going conference, Nelson, In clbsing the ar's work here, told them that the debtedness was only $150 and that e made the same statement at con menoe. It is understood that.several Ietings of the trustees have been old since the matter became known few days ago, and that when taxed Ith the matter on Monday of last reek Nelson stated that the differ ace between the indebtedness and be amount of the loan had been ap ropriated by himself on account of be church failing to pay his salary. t was Intimated that Nelson might e arrested and It Is presumed he pre rred death to arrest and subsequent zposure. Nelson came here two years ago rth testimoniala from prominent men 11 over the State. both wite and olred, and on the strength of these ras extended credit by various mer hants In the city, and in mast cases be bills were never paid Tnere was so considerable friction between him nd his congregation which probably esulted in their not paying him in nil, and as a result of this friction, he conference last week transferred Wlson to Mayesville, to which charge ie was to have goe within the next ew days. Nelson was prob~bly 55 rears of age, was well educated and ad held some of the best appoint nents In the gift of his church. He had served as presiding elder before oming here in various parts of the state.. TJimes saave~ Changed. When the Conneculcub people held she negroes in slave~y it was against ihe law to teach themz to read. But when they sold themselves to the peo le of the South they clanged some what, and Miss Prudence Oradell, who died seventy- five years ago. and who was Imprisoned for teaching olored girls to read and write, is now about to be honored by Waterbury. &. big granite boulder rough In struc ure Is to be set up near her giava, which Is the last resting place alho of Eider Levi Kneeland who was ito prisonedi for helning Miss Crandal1 In :lefence of the custom of her time. Much Ferii~z aru Used. While the farmers In some sections of the State may 'iave been hard hit by the autumn storms the figures in the State Treasurer's offloe on the privilege or fertilizer tax show that more fertilizer material was used this year on the farms than in any other year since the establishment of the tax. The total received so far is $161,738.41 against 5127.282.78 for the same period last year. The tax is 22 cents per ton and the entire amount goes to Clemson College. Postmastor Scntonced. Judge Speer in the United State; district court sentenced former Post mester Gilbert Meeks, of Nicholas, Ocifee county. Ga., to one year's Im prisonment and to pay a flue of 82,06; for embezzling that sum from the postcffloe funds. The amount wal made good by Meeks when the short age was discovered. Heard Eighteen Miles. Eighteen miles Is said to be the longest distance at which a man' voice has been heard. This occurret In the Grand Canyon of Colorado where one man shouting the nam "Bob" at one and was plainly heart at the other end, whioh is 18 mile MAKE THEIR CORN Darlington Farmers Enthused Over the Williamson Plan. THE CORN CONGRES8 Held at Darlington Thursday Was a Re markable Gathering. Splendid Tes timonv Given as to the success to be Attained from the Use of ThisiMethod. The "Williamson Corn.Congress" held its first session in the County Court Housa at Darlington on Thurs day, Dec. 13, 1906. It was a unique, remarkable and interesting gathering. Intelligent farmers who are inter ested in furthering agriculture camea together, rubbed elbows with, 'eir neighbors, and discussed not onl) &he Williamson theory of making ,rn, out the practical results of following that theory or method. It w-s a proud day for Mr E. McIver Wiltam son. It must have done him go-d to have heard one intelligent farmer sfter another get up and, as if at an 'ex perience meeting," tell of his effois to follow Mr. Williamson's method and without a single discordant note. hear of how pleased the speaker was with the results of his efforts. A short synopsis of what several said Is given below, from which it may readily be seen that under the Williamson method the yield per acre is from two to three times as great as under the old plan. PLAN IS LESs EXFESIVE. Leaving out the qaestion of the cost of fertilfzers, those who testilled to. day declare that it Is much less ex pensive to cultivate a crop of corn un der the Williamson plan than Itis un der the old plan. It is not the pur- t pose of the correspondaht of The News and Courier in this artiele to go into details and tell how It is mucb less expensive, as above asserted, but he is basing .the assertion on the statements made by t'e many Intelli gent, practical farmers who spoke Thursday, and who did tell how it Is done. * Then, too, many Cf those who spoke declare that the increased value s of their land, the result of the growth t of vegetable matter left on It when the Williamson plan is followed, is so much greater than when the old plan Is followed, that they 'believe that It will pay for the fertilizers used. Sev- .x ral remarked that they would not exchange the fertilizing matter on their soil for the price paid for the fert'"-- . There is much that c coui.. - ss to prove that under Mr. Williamson's plan of making coin the South need no longer look to the West for that article. but the direct testimony of-those who have experi mented, not only one year, but for several years, will possibly have more weight with the reading public and the farmers generally than could any other way of presenting the facts. Mr. WilliamsoL opened the meet. ing today with a few remarks as to the purpose of the gathering, and then called Mr. Robert H. Rogers to the chair to preside over the meeting. Mr. A. J. Howard..was requested to serve as secretary. Mr. Williamson served the meeting by playing the lawyer and cross-ex amining those who testified. GIVE THEIn E:![FERTENCE8. Mr. B, H. Rogers repeated the re suits of his experiments with the "Williamson plan" as given inl The News and Courier a few days ago, and added that while there had been some adverse criticism because of the use of the word "sunt." Still he thinks it very expressive, and a farmer has but to look In his dictionary for the meaning of the word. He'quit planting corn for several years because he could not "make ends meet" with six to ten bushels to the acre. . He Is now planting under the WIl llams plan and It is profitable, as he Is making more than fifty bushels to the acre. Mr. J. B. Elwards, under the old plan, made from eight to twelve bash els per acre. He now makes fort to fifty bushels on the same lands. "My lands," he sail "are very much Improved by the "Willia~.son plan. The vegetable matter ler t on the 1:,nd as a result of the plan fol lowed is worth more than the fertli.z er costs me." Mr. James W. Goodson foricerly made eight to fifte'en bushels per acre, Under the "Williamson plan" he and nis neighbors now make from ffty to one hundred bushels per acre with about 800 to 1,000 pounds of fer tilzsr, or about 310 per acre. )i a est he made on about three acres fif tvtwo and a half bushels on one acre by the Williamson plan, thirty bush els under the old plan. The same con ditions, same fertilizer and same amount ? work were given eact, Mr 4. Rogers, of Society Hill, haSF . experimenting with the plan i . .goout four years and from forty bushels per acre the year he began he Is now making about seventy bushels per acre. He finds that the closer he folows the "Williamson plan" the better the results. He makes three times more corn now than under the old plan. This Is not a good year for corn-too wet. But the plan is the best In either wet or dry years. Mr. Charlton Law has tried the plan this year, and Is satisfied that it Is all right. He has been making 15 bushels per acre formerly, but made 45 bushels this year. F. W. Law followed the plan on 24 acres and made 40 bushels per acres. On 40 acres last year, with 500 pounds of fertilizer, he made a third less of corn thaii he niade on 24 acres this year, with 800 pounds of fertilnzers. HAS SEEN A NEW LIGHT. BWayne G. King says he mad1e about 60 bushels per sore, with $7.15 per acre. His neighbor, R. S. Grant, lover In Ohesterfleld C0anty, is a good farmer, and has always been regarded as a good "corn farmer." He used to live in Marlboro County, and thcugb b they knew over there better how to gro* corn than anywhere else. Ho adopted the "Williamson -plan" this year and made 76 bushels per acre, and under the old plan he has made 15 to 20 bushels per &cre. Same lands, same conditions. Lands are, under the new plan, very much Improved. Mr. Robert E. James says that.he has followed the plan, and is pleased with it, and satisflied it will be gen. orally adc pted. His yield of corn Is from two to three times greater than under the old plan. 0. H. Ellis shmk that the plan is so far superiorto the old plan thal. no comparison can be made. He has followed the plan for eleven years. Leav'ng out the question of fertil. 4zers, the Williamson plan of making 3orn costs much less than the old plan. A. T. H3ward used hst year $150 vorth of fertilizer on 40 acres,, and a made 250- bushels of corn. This year, C )n 50 acres, with $400 worth of fer- 1 ilizer, he made 1.500 bushels of corn. Mr. David B Coker talked of the plan and of his experiments In pulling a md not pulling fodder. Where the I udder was pulled the yield was 42 )ushels per acre; where out and shock . 45 bushels per acre; where fodder lot pulled 49 buehels per acre. He experimented with alfalfa and 'b 3rmuda gras. He paid $400 for an a Lere in town and spent money in ad lition for fences, work, fertilizer, etc. ut thilnka this Is one of The best in- t reatmentsahe has made this year. He spvke of the zecessity for selce ing seed and for using the same, not mnly in corn, but in other plants. Mr. oker exhibited quite an inting t of specimens of his efforts in Tease the yield of cotton and the t ength of the staple. e THE TELEPHONE GIRLS ould be Remembered With (on 3 slderation if Not Gifts. e p If any one class of workers, says the i olumbia Rccord, is more entitled to n he kind thoughts and wishes of Q I~S 'peace on earth" which come at the a )aristmas time, it Is the young ladies t] rho sit day after day for long hours y ,t the switch board-the hello girl. g 2he difulties she has to contend C rith, the nervous strain put upon her, t he trial of hr patience Is continual y undergoing, no one can realize. If b he public whom she serves realized a a half they would give her more con deration than they now are inclined t o do, '7 When, many times, she is trying e ier best to give what is asked for oi omplaints are hissed at her over the y vire, abuse and displeasure heaped n pon her innocent head by the csto ner she is doing her best to serve. Be. g ause "Central" is the only one con- e iected with the exchange that the t instomer knows, he visits the displeas- 0 ire upon the girl who is only doing b er little part the best she can. Ua i ler the most favorable conditions the ; iork she has to do is hard and it must ometimes be almost unbaarable Of course there are occasion when ahe subscriber feels justified in being wrathy, but thinking of It calmly, what good wllt do toyell atocentral? 1 if you have any complaint to make1 you can at least make It in a gqIet way And probably if everyone Lried Lu these little way to lighten her heavy burden there would be less cause f or smplant of any kind. Simple kind ness Is surely not much to give. And now that the Christmas time is corr-, Ig let us all wish her happiness and in the coming year, do our share to make the day easier for her. A Rteal Tragedy.] A sensational attempt at suicide was made In a N~ew York saloon Thursday by a man who describei himsef as Rankin Duvall, an actor, 40 years of age. Duvall entered the saloon and walking up to the lunch counter picked up a long biaded cheese knife and turning to the bartender with a smile asked: "May I use this?" -- "Certainly," replied the bartender, thinking he was about to carve some cheese for himself. Instead, to the horror of the people in the saloon, he unbuttoned his coat and vest and pressing the point of the knife to his abdomen and fell heavily to the flcor, so that the big blade ripped his body, Before any of the men close by could spring upon him and wrest the knife from him, he had thrust the weapon twice more into the frightful wound. Daval did not lose consciousness and when asked why he had done such a thing, repied: "Oh, I'm a crIminal; that's all" At the hospital where Duvall was taken, it Is said he has only a slight chance for recovery. Prayr Raised the Daad. At Boston before a class In the fashionable E'nanuel church Thurs day night, Rev. Eiwood -Worchester gave an astonishing account of how by prayer and "auto suggestion" he. had revived a Pniladelphia woman who to all purposes was dead. Seven doctors had pronounced the woman dead. Her heart had ceased beating and her ex tremities were cold, yet he revived her so she lived 24 hours and talked with friends. Three hundred persons in the class accepted the story with out question. Barn Burning society. Three negroes were arrested in Newberry, being suspected of having burned the barn of Press N. Boczer and one of the number- has confessed. Investigationl leads to the belief that there is an organization in that county composed of negroes who or dred the work to be done. There was considerable excitement at first but all is quite there now. Forty Drowz'ede At St. Petersburg, Russia, forty factory worJkers were drowned Wed nesday morning while crossing the Neva river on the ce on their way to work. The ice collapsed when one hundred men were In the center of the stream. Sixty saved themnselves, but the others were washed under the Ic TYPO MISSINC Left Note Saying He Intended to .Kill Himself. RE MAY TURN UP. Us Shirt and Note Book Was Feund ON the Bank of the Canal. He Was Recently Married aid Was fn Bad . Health. The J0olumbia Bccord says much uocern, is felt by relatives for the afety of Louis F. Evans, a printer mployed in the job department of he, State Company, who disappeared 'hursday morning, leaving a note do laring that by the time itshould be ound, he would have ended his ife y jumping from th.Congaree bridge ito the river. His shirt and suspend rs and the pad upon which the note ad been written were found by a larching party near the canal, which arallels the river, bnd from the spot racks as of a man running led to the rater's edge, with ncne returning. o far no steps have been taken .to rag the canal, because ot certain in ications that Evans may yet be alive nd well, but In hiding. Evans is a young man of twenty ree or four, who came to Columbia ighteen months or two years ago rom Goldsboro, W. C., and has since een employed continuously by the tate Company. He is a member In ood standing of Columbia loca, No 1, of the International Typographi 11 Union, and is regarded as a good rinter. He is not known as a drink g man. Abons two mouths ago he iarred Miss A, Btutis enington f 2015 Harlon street, who was for )me time a popular member of the iles force at the department store of 2e Jas. L. Tapp Company. Mr. and [rs. Eyans made their home at 1417 'aylor street with Mr. Geo. D. Bad iffe, stage manager of the Columbia 3eatre. For some time Evans' health has en failing and lately he has become Idicted to the habit of using mor ins, whica was prescribed for some imporary relief by his physician. his morning a small fire, which oo. irred at the residence at about.6 clock, may have so aggravated vans' nervous disorders that his dnd became temporarily deranged. Mr. Radcliffe is almost positive that. vans was still'in the house when he arted downtown at about 8 o'clcck als morning, but others are of the pinion that he left the city the night fore. Shcrtly after Mr. RadcliOe Ift the house a little white boy, Ben )aniels, delivered to Mrs. Evans X ote signed by Evans, declaring his -tention of drowning himseif In the anal or the river. Mrs. Evans noti ed Mr. Badcliffe and the police and a earehing party set cut to explore the >ansof the river and the canaL. In he seaiching party were Mr. Rid liff, Coroner Walker, Officer., Star ing of the S. P. C. A., Orderly Sor ~ent uathcart. Policeman Hutichin on and several of Evans' printer rlends. Dividing, the searchers ihoroughly emmined the banks of the sanal and the river. About 150 yards below the long trestle by which the C., IN. and L. i road crosses the canal and the river, Eessrs. Starling and Badoliffa found ianging upon a bush near the canal Evans' shirt and suspenders and his pad and pencil, the pad bearing his name. Presuscably this was the pad de used in writing the sinister note to Ers. Evans. From the bush, tracks car apart, as if made by a man -run ung, led down to the edge of the wa er, which Is here about seven feet eep, but there were no tracks re urning. Further -Investigations are being made this afternoon. It Is knownthal Evans has been broodidg over his physical condition, and that the des pondency resulting from this has been leepened by worry over financial af fairs and the excessive use of mor pine, but Elvans' friends and the go ice are not satisfihd with the oi dence that helis dead. It is hoped bhat his mind merely becmea tempo rarily deranged and that he will shortly turn up safe and sound. Kied Their captainl. A riot of negro troops, siilar to the Brownsville affair, has happened in the Philippines, according to a letter received by Mrs. M. H. Jack son, Keinons, -Ind., the mother of Lieutenant Calvert, who was murder ed by members of his company while on duty. The letter says Calvert was the victim of premeditated murier. He tried toistop a drunken fight of his men of the twenty-fourth infan ry, negroes, when shot. The entire company Is under arrest. An appeal will be made to President Boosevelt to have the guilty punished. No members of the company will reveal who did the fatal shooting. Another Negro Mystery. A remarkable phenomenon vouched for by several people who have asen a colored babe born in Ky., with the -b -M" plainly marked on . its foreheaa. The child belongs to Pear Franklin, and her home has been the macca of supertiticus and curious colored beople since the child was born. Those who have seen it and belelve In signs have been pour ing over dictionaries, trying to find ..a combination of two words of which. the birthmark might be initial that would convey some m'essage tio the world. Heavily iIned. Judge HoT in the ,United States court In New York on Tuesday imi posed fines of 880,000 and 370,0010 re spectively on the American Sagar Be fining comp~any and the B Inonn&rgwa om&any