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THE COTTON MEN
Met In Annual Convention in Co lumbia Last Week. HAD GOOD MEETING. Much Enthusiasm Was Manifested, and the Lien Law and Bucket Shops Were Denounced. The Corn Congress and Harvie Jor don Wcre Endorsed. The South Carolina division of the Southern Cotten Association met in Columbia on Wednesday of last week. The meetirg was attended by dele gates representing 20 counties. Th6 interest manifested was encouraging and the attendance was even larger than had been expected. The following were present at the meeting: Anderst n-M. A. Mahaffdy. Barnwell-F. H. Creech, W. W. Moore, J. A. Jenkins, J. B. Morris, W. T. Walker. I Clarendon-O. C. Scarborough, S. M. Haynesworth, E. D. lodge. - Darlington-&. H. Rogers, A. M. Coker, E. M. Williamson. Florene--J. W. MeCown, James B. McBride, T. A. Clarke. Greenillf.-R. Mays Cleveland, Marietta. Greenwood-W. J. Moore, J. M. Majar. Lancaster-W. C. Hough, W. J. Cunningham. Lee-E D. Smith. Laarers-J. H. Wharton. Marlborc-T. S. E ana, W. W. Bruce, W. A. Rogers. Orangeburg-J. E. Wannamaker, J. A. Peterkin, J. M. Moss, J. R. Fairey, X. X. Hayden, B. F. Keller, W. W. Wannamaker. Richland-W. W. Ray, Richard Singleton, F. H. Hyatt, F. H. Wes ton, Z. T. Lykes, W. H. Padgett, A. Patterson. R. S. McKeLzIe, W. J. Lykes,J. A. Byrd. Saluda-W. F. Whittle, W. W. Padgett, L. B. Blease, J. M. Forrest. Spartanburg-E. L. Archer, Ralph H. Smith. Union-J. W. Gregory. York-John L. Rainey, W. S. Wilksrson, C. E. Spencer. Williamsburg -W. D. Bryan. After organizatin the fcllowing offcers were elected: President- E. D. Smith of Florence. Vice President-E. L. Archer of Spartanburg. Secretar-F. H. Weston, Colum bla. Treasurer-F. H. Hyatt, Columbia. Secretary We.iton read the minutes of the last meeting. After these had been approved Mr. Hyatt made his report as treasurer. This was refer red to an auditing committee. Mr. Hyatt stated that two counties an swered to the assessment tis year. Others had contributed liberally, some gave not at all. However, all salaries had been paid and all ex penses mat. The balance on hand Is not enough to boast of and the ex ecutive committee needs money with which to push the work this year. There was a fight over electing rep resentation on the executive commit tee of the general association. Mr. Hyatt and Mr. B. D. Smith are ex cfficio members, for Mr. Hyatt is the treasurer. After some discussion and several ballots Mr. E. L. Archer and Dr. W. W. Ray were elected. Mr. Smith made a strong argument in favor of the holding corporation. The farmers who will not come into the association need no protection, and if they put their cotton on the market when the prices are below the asseclation's5 minimum, this cot ton could be bought up to the extent of 2,000,000 bales and could be held, along with the cotton held by the assosiationl members, until their demand for prices should be met. To do this would require a capitali zation of $100,000,000, to be raised by members of the assoeiation subscrib ing to the capital stock 15 per bale on every bale they propose to raise. There could be State and co~nty or ganizations, regularly charterad, with regularly appointed buyers, etc. Mr. Smith denounced forcibly the action of Secretary Shaw in withdraw ing $100,000,000 from circulation in the summer. This had unsettled the money situation generally, but forced Wall street down upon Southern loans-and the cotton farmers had suffered. Mr. Archer disagreed with Mr. Smith. This holding corporation should be organized without connec tion with the association. Further more, he believes the plan impractic able. Mr. Hyatt briefly expressed his up position when he was called upon to speak, but he stated that in Birming nam next week be will talk at length on "How to Finance the Cotton -Crop," the subject assigned him by the committee. Mr. 3. B. Wannamaker made a startling statement. On a recent visit to Barnwell he had bee n told that there are people in that county who are living in squalor, with poor shelter for themselves, less for their shivering animals and none for their farm implements. They buy their meat, even their cabbages and other vegetables. Why ? Because they plant cotton, plant it blindly without thought of the future. He supposes that the same conditions exist in many counties. He opposes the "hold. ing corporation," believing that It would be better to build warehouses and to continue the work of educat ing the farmers to the appireciation of the need for diversification. Mr. McBride took the view that the work suggested by Mr. Wanna maker is tbam or Clemson1 college or agricultural societieg, and that the cotton association has a broader field. It should promote organization and co-operation along the line suggested by Mr. Smiih. OFrosED) TO LIEN LAW. P 'ter selecting the delegation to thogBirmingham convention, the con vention authorized President Smith to name the members of the execu tive committee. Hie selected the fol lowing: ,E. McIver Williamson of Darling ton. 1t. Mayes Cleveland of Marietta, Greenville county. B. F. Keller of Cameron, Orange burg county. Rt. M. Pegues of Kollock, Chester ied countr. W. D. Bryan ot Taft, Wiliams burg county. Tern foulng ro lution was ctier ed by Mr. Gregg on behalf of the Flor ne! caunty delegation: "aBsolved, That the asssociation appoint a committee to memorlallza the general assambly to repeal thet law known as the lien law for sup plies." This was voted on without discus sion as these are practical farmers and know what the law is. There was opposition, but the motion pre vailed and the following were ap pointed by the chair to memorialize the legislature: Walter Gregg of Florence, B. F. Keller of Cameron, W. M. McBride of Florence. The following were elected dele gates to the Birmingham convention: W. J. Cunningham, W J. Moore, E. D. Hodge, A. M. Coker, W. W. Bruce, Dr. R. H. Smith, J. W. McCown, W. F. Wbi~tte, J. A. Peterkin. 0. E Spencer, E. D. Smith. J. M. Major, R. M. Pagues, E. M. Williamson. It is related that a distinguished Greenwood lawyer says that in his county gambling is the highest form of crime. It was a Greenwood dele gate, Mr. W. J. Moore, who introduc ed the following: "Resolved, by the South Carolina division of tie Southern Cotton aso-I ciation, That we condemn and dis Ipprove of the dealing in what is commonly known as 'futures,' being injurious to the morals of our peoDle and entailing great financial loss on them. "Resolved, further, That we ear nestly hope and believe the legisla ture of South Carolina will enact such laws as wiU prohibit exchanges and bucket shops from being operat ed in this State." This was adopted without discus aion. Mr. Smith offered the following resolutions, which were adopted: "Resolved, That this convention recommend to the Birmingham con v ention the advisability of each county appointing a selling und finan cial agent, authorized in writing, signed by the Individual members, as bole agent to sell the cotton of the local association at a price not less than that agreed upon by the national association, and to give said agent the power to negotiate loans, fix the rate of interest, storage aud insur ance charges." This is a very important resolution, for it gives form ana purpose and business objective to the association. The session on Wednesday night was an exierience meeting, at which the delegates exchanged ideas mu tually heloful. A HUMAN MONSTER Refused Decent Burial for the Wife He Had Abused. Every once in a while we run upon a brute clothed in a human form. A dispatch to the Augusta Chronicle from Washington, Ga., says the de tails of ,he tragic death from burn ing of Mrs. Charles Elliot near Aonla, In this county, twelve miles from Washington, were brought to the city Tuesday night by nelghbors of the dead woman, who had come to Wash ington to get a coffin and engage a hearse after the positive refusal of Charles B hot to provide a decent bu rial for the remins of his wife, for whose death he was indirectly respon sible. The horrible accident which cost the faithful young wife and mother her life occurred Wednesday night and death ended her sufferings Friday evening about 8 o'clock. For the faithfulness and loving devotion of a young wife and mother on t e one hand and the cruel indifference and neglect of a husband and father on the other, the circumstances sur rounding this case are e ithout a par allel in the history of Wilkes county. While Charles Elliot was off on a drunken spree Wednesday night, Mrs. Elliott 'wrapped her four little child ren up as comfortably as possible for the night. After this was done there was not enough bed clothing in the house to protect her own body from the severe cold, so she wrapped the last bed quilt in the house about her and laid down in front of the wood fire to keep warm until her husband's return. While down before~ the fire asleep the quilt which covered her caught afire from a spark and produc ed horrible burns on the face and body of the unfortunate woman. There was no one living near enough in the neighborhood to hear the agonizing cries of Mrs. Elliot and her four chil dren were too young to offer her any assistance, the oldest being just 5 years old. In this condition, Mrs. Elliot re mained until the return of her hus band, in an intoxicated condition, about 4 o'clock in the morning of the next day. Even after Mr. Elliot re turned and found his wife mn such a serious condition he made no effort to secure medical attention for his wife. Late in the afternoon of the day fol lowing the accident some of the neigh bors learned of the affalr, and upon their own Initiative the best medical attention that the community afford ed was secured. The shock to: the young woman's system was too severe, however, and he succumbed to death Friday, leav ing fcur children, the oldest of whom is 5 years and the youngest four months. During the whole time subsequent to his return to his home at 4 o'clock Thursday morning and the time of his wife's death, Elliot manifested little concern in the matter and would sit in one corner of the little room with an air of total unconcern while several neighbors and a physician were working heroically to save his wife's life. He made no effort to s cure provisions for his children in the meantime. Fuel, provisions and cloth ing were all furnished by the neigh bors. Following the death of Mrs. Elliot, Charles Elliot was asked concerning the funeral arrangements, when the coolly replied that he had spent his last cent for two gallons of whiskey for Christmas and was not able to take care of the remains of his wife. "I will attend to the burial as soon as I get able," he is reported to have remarked. Taking the children in their own are and considering the brutal fath er na more in the matter, the neigh bors of the community have taken the affair In their own hands and have by private subscriptions among themsel es raised $25 for defraying the burial expenses of Mrs. Elliot. The remains were taken to her old home in Lin oln county Saturday for interment t Lincolnton Saturday afternoon. The increasing number of railroad wrecks promises to decrease the sup ly of "popular young railroad men.' The latest typewriting record is1 aid to be 300 words per minute. The -npeatoar is we supnnnea wo.man. , HOW TO PL ANT CORN. THE WILLIAMSON PLAN GIVEN iN A FEW WORDl)S. The Formula Which May Revolu tionize Agriculture in South Cal o lina and Inrich Farmers. We have published frequently the formula for the "Williamson plan" or the way devised by Mr. E. McIver Williamson, of Darlington, to make five ears of corn grow where but one grew before, The formula as given heretofore has been a little lovg. The following has been prepared for the Columbia State by Mr. James Henry Rice, Jr., as the most concise form in which it can be given: Break land in winter one-fourth deeper than common; lay off in six foot rows, leaving five Inch balk. When time to plant break out balk with scooter, following in same fur row on this ridge. Ridge them with same plow, going deeper; run corn planter with Dile plow, with wing taken cfr. Plant as early as possible, usually about the middle of March. Drop corn grains every six inches. Use no fertilizar. Give first working with harrow or any plow that will not cover plant. Second working with 10 or 12-inch sweep on both sides of plant. Thin after this working. Corn should not be worked again until sufflciently stunted, so that it will never grow large. When it is about 10 to 12 inehes high put on fer tilizer. Mix 200 pounds cotton seed meal, 200 pounds acid phosphate, 400 pounds kainit. Put half in old sweep furrow, on both sidas of every other middle. Cover by breaking out mid dle with turn plow. Oae week later treat the other middle in the same way, fertilizer and all. In a few dava side corn in first middle with 16-inch sweep. Put all your nitrate of soda in this furrow, if loss than 150 pounds is used; if more. pus half. Cover with one furrow or turn plow, then sow peas in middle broadcast, at rate of a bushel to the acre, and finish break ing out. Lay by early. More corn is ruined by late plowing than by lack of plowing. No hoeing is necessary and middle may be kept clean until time to break out by harrowing. For 50 bushels to the acre leave stalks 16 inches apart; for 75 bushels, 12 Inches; for 100 bushels, 8 inches apart. . Do not pull fodder; do not cut tops; let peas and pea vines die on land. Value in fertilizer to land is worth more than forage. Every fr.zmer in this county should give the plan a trial. A SCOLDING WIFE And a Wooden Leg Gives Pat Lahey Trouble. Patrick Lahey, of Sands street, Brooklyn, N. Y., has a wooden leg and troubles of his o wn. It Isn't the leg that worries Lahey, it is the use to which his wife puts it when he un straps It. The maD, who Is well along in years, told his woes to the com plaint clerk in the Adams Street Court one day last week. "I've been sleeping In It for the past four weeks," said he. "If you never slept with a wooden leg, never tried to turn over in b' d or tuck the covers around your feet, you can't understand the troubles of a man try ing to rest with one." "Why don't you take it off?" ask ed the clerk. "Take it off," replied Lahey, "take it offi Man, do you thnkrl'm asshy in mybhead asIam in my legs? IfIi take it off she hides It, and then when I want to go out 1 got to stay in. Sometimes I do be hopping aroundI the floor for three hours hunting un der the bed, behind the stove, in the washtubs, and in the top of closets for my leg. "The last time I took it off. Fran ces (that's my wife's name), hid it, and when I found it she tried to take it from me, and threatened if ahe got it again she'd use it as a club to beat me. Now there should be some. law to prevent a woman making a man sleep with a false limb or to prevent his wife beating him with it if he leaves it off." "Sure," said the clerk. "I'll give you a summons and you taud It to her." "Hand itto her? Man. do you think I'm crazy? Send It to her by a police man, and the biggest one you have." This being promised Lahey stump ed out. expressing the hope that the Court will arrange matters so that he can sleep in peace, and not in pieces. Captured Ellicis Still. An illicit still operated by an eight horse power steam engine, was de stroyed by State Constables Hayes, Hoy and Jenkins, in York County, Wednesday morning. The constables who made the raid are under Chief Fant, in charge of the Spartanburg division. The still had a capacity of eIghty gallons per day, and was the finest of the kind ever captured by the officers. York Is a prohibition county in name. This gentle rein comes at the right time. The water wagon for several days will have other duties to per form. When the government dEcides to In crease the salaries of its mail carriers it should not overlook Its female em ployes. _________ Limberger cheese Is said to be a cure for tuberculosis. Some persons, however, may prefer to die with con sumption.________ It has come. A scientist says John D. Rockefeller is the future American type. Get ready to shave your head and renounce the oyster. Carrie Nation says that hugging Is responsible for all the Immorality in* Washington, D. C. A kind of circle as is were, that has no end. The fact that Mr. Rockefeller is too poor to eat oysters reminds us that both of these otjects of public inter est are notoriously bald. The fact that the President missed three shots at a wild turkey Is niot startling. But the fact that his press igenc let the item get Into print Is neresting. Success seldom comes to the man who waits for It, and then only in the 35se of the cafe emplove. A New York man while trying to mitate Caruso dropped dead. A case f monkeys perhaps. The auto enthusiast who frequently ays out his coin for repairs may be aid to auffer from one kind of carc C HIVE IN AN AQUARIUM. Good Way of Seeing Row the Little Busy Bee Worka. Everybody Is curious to see bees ac tually at work. Take a rectangular glass aquarium and place It on a win d(,v sill, elevated slightly at the side nearest the window, so that when the latter is raised an inch the bees may pass In and out If desired, the bees may be kept for some time In confine ment by raising the aquarium an inch on blocks and using a strip of wire screen cloth to prevent the bees from escaping. When confined the bees should be fed a sirup of equal parts of sugar and water. A frame or two of bees may be purchased for a trifling sum. Put within this glass aquarium some rustic supports to represent projecting, undecayed portions of the Inside of the hollow trunk. Keep all covered by an opaque cloth when not observing what Is going on within this glass bee home. Then the bees will be free to work and to adapt themselves to the envi ronment. They can suit their own fancy about attaching combs to the sticks; they may build diagonally or in any other form that they may prefer, and they may attach the comb to sides or ends just when and where they think It Is necessary. In the artificial hives the combs are attached only at the edges, but In nat ural conditions within the bee tree or In Its counterpart, as represented by the old fashioned box hive with opaque sides and In our transparent inverted aquarium, the bees can build combs and attach them in any way that they see fit. One of the most Interesting objects for study Is to note when the bees think it necessary to put out a side support from a long comb. They seem to believe that they are really within a hollow tree and that It is likely to be swayed by the gales. Of course when so swayed long combs laden with honey or with young bees would be too much for the unyielding rigidity of the upper part of the combs. These, if they have no side stays, would bend, crack and be crashed against each other. The bees have learned this and give the combs a fine support whenever It is necessary. They do this, it is true to a certain extent, In the regular eight or ten frame hive, but not with the naturalness with which they do It In a large, unobstructed space. Not long ago a veteran beekeeper took a colony of bees from an attic, where they had been for.many years. "Well," said he, "you should have seen the funny forms of those combs most Interesting thing I ever saw. There was one pillar almost round-a solid center right and several feet long -and these combs around that; the most fantastic shape you ever saw." Suburban Life. Extorting Charity. A philanthropist said of a banker: "Brown is a mean man. Once I made him shell out, though. Listen. "Two ladles, representatives of a children's fresh air fund-a noble charity-called on Brown and asked him to contribute. He gave a dollar. With all his millions, he gave $1 ex actly. "'It's all I can afford,' he whined. "My office is in the same building as Brown's bank, and a few minutes later the two ladies came to me. When I saw Brown's name down for only a dollar I was mad. "'He says It's all he can afford, eh?' I began. 'Well, ladies, just wait here a minute.' "And I called my head clerk, ascer tained my balance in Brown's bank, and wrote a check then and there in the clerk's name for $273;640-the en tire amount "'Draw this at once,' I said. "The clerk departed, and a minute or two later Brown himself rushed in breathlessly, the check In his hand. "'Harry,' he said, 'what la the mean ing of this? "I pointed to the ladies' subscription list. "'I have just learned,' I said, 'that you could only afford to give a dhllar to the children's fresh air fund. This made me think that things were look ing pretty fishy at the bank. I decided I had better draw out' "Brown had to add two ciphers to his subscription before I would con sent to tear up the check." Disraeli's Keen Business Instinot. When the Hon. Mr. Ward wrote his novel "Tremalne," he was fearful of acknowledging himself the author, un til its fate should have been ascertain ed. He accordingly, the better to pre serve his Incognito, sent the manuscript copy by the wife of his attorney to Mr. Colburn. The work, although accepted, was not considered likely tii pay ex tremely well, and consequently a trifling sum was given for It Contrary, however, to Mr. Colburn's expectations, it ran to three editions. The ingenious author of "Vivian Grey," then twenty-two years old, hav ig heard of the circumstances, deter mnedtouse it to advantage, and accord ingly having arranged his work for publication, he proceeded to find out the honorable gentleman's fair messen ger. This he quickly effected, and upon a promise of giving her ?20 induced her to be the bearer of his novel to the same publisher. The woman was instantly recognized by Mr. Colburn as the same person who brought him "Tremaine;" and rec ollecting the great sale of that novel. he leaped at the manuscript presented to him with the utmost eagerness. It was quickly read, and a handsome sum given for the copyright. A short time, however, enabled Mr. Colburn to find out his error, but too late to remedy himself. The work was not succes and a considerable sum wasn lose Nearly Lynched Him. Timely police interference only saved Frank Gal, of South Boston, !rom lyrching at the hands of an an ry mob, when he was caught hn the 1lleged act of cutting off a little girl's braid In front of the Theatre Comique, n his pooket~s were found fiye braide, ncluding one that Margaret E. Quin. [an, aged 15, Identfied as her own. L pair of keen shears were also fcund. alo claims he is a bariber and that ie came by the braids honestly. The cry of "Jack the Snipper" was ~aken up by the crowd on Tramont ow when the little girl found her tar was gone and the mob set In hase of Gal. PatrOlman 'Tighe eard the uproar and arrested the aan after a hard fight in the mud and1 lush, the crowd fighting to get at his ~rsner and beat him. The police elleve Gall Is the man who for a1 Tear past has been terrorizing young irl by snipping off their braids In1 he midst of crowds of shopperS. . The story of Atlanta's recent conn il meeting reads as if Mr. Roosevelt ilalf might have been present. E STANDS BY HIM. Texas Senator Speaks on the Foraker Resolution as to COLORED FOLDIER'S Performance in the Brownsville Affair. After a Brief Response the Ohio an Agress to Allow Matter to Go Over Until Mon day. Soon after the senate met today Senator Foraker's resolution provid ing for an inquiry by the senate into the discharge of the negro troops of the Twenty-fifth infantry on account of the Brownsville, Tex., episode was laid before the -enate and Senator Culberson made an address on the subject. He said that he would have kept quiet but for the fact that great injustice bad been done the people of Brownsville. Mr. Culberson said that the coriduct of the negro soldiers had been very irritating to the Brownsville people and especially so to the women. He related that on Aug. 4, last, the day before the "shooting up" of the town a criminal assault had been commit ted by one of the soldiers on the wife of a reputable cit zen and said that no arrests had been made for the crime. Mr. Culberson defended Capt. McDon ald of the Texas Rangers, to whom Mr. Foraker had referred because of Maj. Blocksom's reference to him as a man who was "so brave that he would not hesitate to charge hell with a bucket of water." Mr. Culberson sail that he knew Maj. Blocksom to be a gentleman. DEFENDED TEDDY'S CoURSE. In defending President Roosevelt for his dismissal of the troops Mr. Culberson said the fact that the troops were negroes had nothing to do with their discharge. Oonfusion as to the legal questions involved was, he said, responsible for the statement that the president had no authority to make the discharge. The presidens's consti tutional authority and the authority given him by the urticle of war clear ly covered the ca .e and made his ac tion legal, he declared. He contended that discharges for criminal offenses are also discharges made to effect pun bihment. Mr. Culberson said that there was a distinction between "discharge without honor" and "a dishonorable discbarge." In the former case the president could exeraise his discretion as he had done in this instance, while a dishonorable dischare could only oe made as the result of a courtmartial. He Instanced several cases to sustain his potition. To estab'ish the motive actuating the negro soldiers in creating the al leged disturbances, Mr. Culberson readi resolutions recently adopted by negro citizens of Baston, which admitted that the soldilers "shot up" the town and saId they ."'were determined to do for themselves what the uniform of their country would not do-protect them from Insults and punish at the same time the authors of their mis ery." CAUSED WAYE OF MEERIMENT. Disclaiming any partizanship for the president, Mr. Culberson created a wave of merriment by saying: "I bave nothing to do with the presi lent In this matter. I care nothing about him. My personal relations with him are about as cordial as those of the senator from Ohio" (Mr. Foraker), -In all fairness, Mr. Culberson said, the country ought to know that the report made to the president was re liable. After reading much of the testi mony taken before the Brownsville grand jury, Mr. Culberson drew the conclusion that the fact that no In ditme at was returned was not an ev idence of the weakness of the case, but rather of the fairness of the peo ple of Brownsville, who did not wish to do injustia.e to the innocent. The evidence, he contended, proved be yond doubt that the shooting was done ioy the negro soldiers, but failed to Identify the guilty ones. He concluded his speech by a brief1 reference to the negro question in general, saying~ it had existed from the early history of the country down to the present time and still continu ed to be the most important and the most dangerous question which con fronts the American people. He refer- 1 ed to the growth of this question lead- f ing to the Civil war wherein nearly a million white men lost their lives. Wednesday, he said, the condition of the black race with Its ages of slav ery, its Ignorance and poverty, excited 1 the deepest sympathy of the great body of the white people of the South. STILL THE GREATEST PROBLEM. I "But," he eontinued, "in spite of the past, with Its conflidts and sacrinl ces, sorrows and destruction of life I and property, this problem is still the I greatest with which we have to deal. I It involves labor, education, suffrage, social order, civil liberty self-govern- I meat and the integrity of the white race. The end no man can see. South erners feel deeply and profoundly on 1 this race problem and its ultimate so- I lution.. Senator Foraker at once took the floor, remarking that it belittled the present question to make It a vehicle f or discussing the race question. He I did not propose to discuss that ques- d ion or the merits of the Brownsville S affair. He wanted his resolution adop- I ed, which would insure further in- j uiry, and his present purpose was t ut to defend himself regarding the 8 riticism charged against him for e mentioning Capt. McDonald. b Commenting on Senator Culberson's o tatement that Senator Forakor's C pecl two weeks ago bad offended 4 ertain Texans and had reflected par- 3. icularly upon Capt. McDonald, the fi )hio senator said he did not know 2; hat McDonald resented unless it was at he term "gentleman." at CAPT. MCDoNALD'S RESENTMENT. b Mr. Foraker read from the Cincin- h atl Elnquirer an account of Capt. Mc-h )onald's resentment, cammenting reely as he progressed. Among other hings, Senator Foraker said: "I on't know why Capt. McDonald would a~ harge 'hell with one bucket of water,' w nless It was that he had no other use a or the bucket of water." tr Mr. Foraker concluded his remarks by y putting the interviews in The CC ecord and asking for a vote on the bi; esoluton. hi Senator Culberson replied brktfly by to: asied on the fact that the Ohio sena wor had turned his attention to ders [on of a captain of Texas Rangers. An amendment was offered by Sen Ltor Lodge to contine the inquiry by the committee on military affairs to a guestion of fact in regard to tLe con duct of the negro soldiers; in that it recognized that the order was issued by the president "in the exercise of Is constitutional authority as com mander-in-chief." This would have the effect of pro tenting an Investiga tion of the constitutional questions involved in the president's order dis missing the troops Mr. Lodge asked that the further discussion of the question be postponed until Monday on account of his inability to speak to day because of a sore throat, Al though Mr. Foraker had previously ob jected to deferring ceasiderat!on of the resolution he at once consented to the postponement when Mr. L3dge placed his request upon personal grounds. Upon motion of Senator Hale the resolution will be taken up on Monday next and pressed to a con clusion. The senate then went into execu tive session and at 3.55 p. m, adjourn ed until Monday. DIED AT HIS POST, The Horrible Death of Brave Engi neer Maxwell in Wreck. There seems to be no end to the railroad wrecks. The Seaboard Air Line's fast mail No. 32, northbound from Atlanta to Richmond, crashed into a string of loaded freight cars at Peachland, a flag station 19 miles east of Monroe, N. C., late Sandav night partially wrecking the passen ger train and killing Erglneer S. E Maxwell of Raleigh, N. 0. Running 50 miles an hour Engineer Maxwell sighted the freight train as he rounded the curve near Peachland and with concern only for the passen gers, whose lives were in his care, he applied the emergency brakes in an effort to moderate the impending crash. The speed was reduced to 10 miles an hour when the train struok and the fireman jumped without be ing hurt. Maxwell stuck to his post, was caught between the engine and tender and slowly roasted to death in view cf the rescuers, who strained every nerve to reach him. Helplessly pinned in an upright po sition with both feet in the firebox, the brave man livei four hours, fully conscioos, talking cheerfully to the rescuers, his last words being a mes sage to his wife and child at Raleigh. No one else was hurt. The heroic engineer was a son of Mr. and Mrs. E. K. Maxwell, of Walhalla, S. C. He was a young man. Fort Fisher's Anniversary. Fort Fisher's anniversary, January 15, may well be made the occasion Cf a reunion of the blue and the gray survivors of the commands whlch2 participated. The battle was a not able one in many ways and had it oc curred at an earlier period in the war ht would be more conspicuous in the pages of history. When the post fall all eyes were centered upon the fate of Peterburg and Richmond, where Grant and Lee contended for the mastery from June, 1864, to April, 1865. The Spartanburg Journal says in a strategic sense Fort Fisher was an outpost of the Confederate 'ne on James River. It guarded the princi pal channel for the entry of foreign suplies to the Confederacy and also cfered protection to Lee's route of communication with the south At lantic coast. The Federal attack was desperate in the extreme and the Confederate defense most heroic. Or angeburg County bore a gallant part in that heroic defense, The principal leader of the Con federate forces In the battle at Fort Fisher, Colonel Limb, Is still living. Several of the Federal generals sur vive, notably Gen. A. A. Ames, lead er of a division; Gen. N. M. Curtis, who led the brigade which first forced the palisades, and Geri. Galusha Pen nypacker. The naval bombardment of the fort was one of the fiercest on record. The fortress was constructed of sand and logs and proved so form idable against ship's fire that the plan was adopted as a model for students Inin m[litany engineering. O-le of the thrilling incidents of the battle was the charge of a Federal naval brigade along the sand beach up to thre walls of the fort. Admiral Robey D. Evans. then a subordinate Aflcer, was a participant in this col rmn. Many of the soldiery in the gar rison were North Carolinians, and it a significant of the growing spirit of mty among old foes that the public nen cf the state have been foremost n inviting combatants of 1865 to a raternal handshake on the ruins of his famous stronghold of. the Confed eracy. The Increased Cost or Living. The St. Louis Globe-Damocrat says 'interviews with city housewives >ought out the facts that nine-tenths if them are struggling with the prob em of how to make a ten-dollar week y income cover a twelve- dollar weekly ixpense. The cost of food, fuel, cloth g, rents, house farnishings, helps, md all items of household expense is increased to such propcrtions that he problem of making the earnings ver the actual necessary outlay is acoming a serious one in eveiry comn nunity. In is claimed that the uni ormity of the price-scale of all food products all over the United States ends color to the charge that there is ,strict agreemnent among corpora Ions which handle them. All kisds f testile fabrics have advanced 20 to 0 per cent in price during the last ve years, and the statistics of the epartment cf labor and commerce how an Increase in the cost of foods lone durIng the past ten years of 50 er cent, The Increase of rents in at ributed to the Increased cost of labor nd building material-not to increas- I d values of real estate. It is shown y the government's figures that the st of bacon has advanced 43.5 per 1 ent; potatoes, 43.1 per cent; eggs, r 1 8 per cent; dry and pickled pork, E L. per cent; fresh pork, 30 per cent; our, 29.3 per cent, and corn meal e 36 per cent. These are the articles lected by the bureau of labor as the c ples of a workingman's bill of fare.p he increase in the price of b3ef ha t en even greater than the figures a are given, and other items ci diet ie increased accordingly." klan ifim Down. Sheriff Conley, of Lexington, ha 6 rested .Tohn bk oore, colored, who is inted in North Carolina for killing white man at Gastonla. The negro Led to escape from Sher!if Carley c -running across the toll bridge over igaree river into the city of Colum i, ;but the sher!ff was too quick for m, and the negio Is now in Lexing- ~ gajil waiting for a North Carolina a MAKING A CUP OF TEA THE WAY TO GET THE THEINE AND AVOID THE TANNIN. Dark Liquid Does Not Mean Excel lence, and the Darker the Liquid In the More Evil Are Its Effects. Chinese Tea Is Said to Be the Best. Perhaps I may be allowed to make some comments on a subject that is of interest to all homes-namely, a cup of tea and the making of it. The first proposition Is that the dark color of tea does not mean excellence, the sec ond that the darker the liquid is the more evil are Its effects and the third that the best tea Is Chinese. These are the opinions of an importer. It Is worth noting, I think, that they are also the scientific opinions and, fur ther, that this is a case where doctors agree. What must properly be de scribed as the pharmacology of tea is simple and well understood, and as it concerns every one it may be briefly discussed here. For practical purposes tea consists of two things, the first being tannic acid, also known as tannin, and the second being theine, also known as caffeine. Let us consider each of these. The tannin, or tannic acid, oc curs in the tea leaf, as In so many other plants. It is less readily sol uble than the theine and is much less readily obtained from.the Chinese leaf than from the Indian, the latter. together with the Cingalese, contain ing much more of this substance. Tannic acid has no attractions for the palate except in the case of people who like a little bitterness, and it has no action on the nervous system, -ione of it, indeed, being absorbed by the body. Its action upon the tissues with which it comes into immediate contact Is wholly deleterious. I do not say that it Is necessarily serious, but what ac tion there is is wholly bad. Notably does It interfere with the digestibility of foodstuffs. Plainly, therefore, a chief concern in the production of the best beverage from tea should be reduction of the tannic acid to a minimum. This Is to be accomplished. first, by using the leaf whid3 contains least of it, and, secondly, by sharply limiting the length of the Infusion. It has been clearly proved that practically all the theine that can be obtained from the leaf is obtained in the first three minutes, whereas the amount of tannin in creases markedly even between the twentieth and fortieth minutes. In the opinion of not a few, the said tannin Is largely responsible for the del eterious effects frequently attributed to the theine. This last is an invalu able ingredient of tea; it is the same. substance as that which gives its value to coffee, but Is present in less abun dance In the tea leaf than In the coffee bean; it is a nervous stimulant of the purest kind and belongs to an entire ly different class from the pseudo stimulants, such as alcohol. In some ways this is one of the most re markable of all known drugs. It appears to be unique in that it stimulates the functions of the cerebrum, the highest portion of the brain, without inducing any subse quent reaction that can be detected. Ihas no second stage of action com parable to -that of alcohol and opium, and in cases of emergency it Is capable, of postponing sleep for hours, and, more than that, of maintaning the mental activity as in the daytime, I may confess that In past years I have systematically used caffeine for weeks on e'nd for this purpose without any deleterious results; but this is quoted for Illustration, not imitation. Now, It is plain that, so far as the remote consequences of a cup of tea are considered, it Is the theine or caf feine that we desire, and the tannin that we do not desire. The relative solubility of the two substances ex actly suits our convenience. If it were necessary to extract all the tanin in order to get any theine there might be some excuse for the lady who likes her tea to have a little "body" to it, or for the servant girl who keeps her teapot en the hobaillday. But the fact Is that it is possible to obtain all the theine desired, while reducing the amount of tannIn to a minimum. At present the public taste is thoroughly vitiated. No one who has given the matter a fair consideration, or who cares to permit any palatal delicacy at all, will question that the fine aroma of a cup of properly made Chinese tea Is In a different category altogether from the sensations aroused by the concentrated solution of tannin, which Is usually offered under the pseudonym "a cup of tea." which things are writ ten without prejudice. In order to make reasonably com plete this brief account of the cup that cheers, I must add that it contains a small proportion of a volatile oil, which Is of small physiological Importance, but which contributes largely to the gustatory character of tea. The chief public delusion In this connection Is that the sense of taste may be Im plicitly trusted. You think you are not getting your money's worth unless your senses are violently assailed. It Is as if you judged the power of music In terms of the amplItude of the sound waves. The ma'ster's pianissimo chord as more potency than the sforzando of nedocrty-Pall Mall Gazette. A Little Vague. A Boston lady seeking summer boarm on a farm saw an advertisement giving a descrIption of about such a place as she wanted and sent a letter of inqwiry. Bhe received the following information s to terms: "We charge $5 a week for men, $4.50 for ladles and $4 for children old eough to eat, all ages and sexes to. pay more it difficult."-Lippincott's 1agazine. - Car Load of Booze. The Greenville News sara on Wed1 esday tbefore Christmas a solid car ad of booze arrived in that city for s people. The News says the whis t :ey shipments have been large during ~ 1. pest few days. but the shipment ceve d Sa.turday was a record break- ' rfor this season. The express comn miels always make arrangements roy In December to handle the In table whbiskey shipments for ristnmu. From now on extra ex ress cars will be pressed into service 1' h andie the liquor shipments and I !a' hr die the Increased business In a ahII lines of shipments. Ge.r~ge Burnhzam, Jr., .vice presi- ci t 1f the M~utual Reserve Fund Life Px rnance Ompany; was sentenced to rc ro years in.Sinig Sing for larceny. 6, tt Some people are so eater to get to tk :wn wearning that they skip the bc oss b*.aring, st' The Hamburg-A marican tourist ter Prinsessin Victoria Luise ran [( r',nd near Kingstion, Jamacia, and fta ir nantain blew out his brain. j mu GETS A RESFTE. R A. AYAMS HASA OHANCE FOR PA1RDON. Governor Heyward Gives Him a New Ie.se Until Eis Casa Can Be Heard. R. A Adams, the Walterboro man slayer, whose casa has occupied more time in the courts than any other capital case in lears. will not be bang ed Friday, as his death warrant stip ulated. Governor Heyward Wednes day respited him until February 22,. at the r qest of the board of pardons, in order that late petiticns La his fa vor, which are tow in the hands of the court cicers, may be examined by the board. The Columbia REcord says Messrs. Gruber and Fishburne, the Walter boro attorneys who have attracted statewide attention by their hard fight for Adams' life, are confident that when the members of the pardon board shall have given due considera tion to the petitions recently secursd in Adams' county they will recom mend at least a commutation to life imprisonment-possibly a full pardon. The respite given their client Wed. oesday Is due solely to their own Ig norance of the procedure of the exe autive cffices when the petitions are died. The papers are frst sent to 'the judge and the solicitor, that the may Indorse upon the records their recom. mendations as to the disposition of the petition for pardon or commuta tion. Then the papers are filed in the executive ofioes until- the board of pardons meets. The board has uniformly declined to consider petitions without expres. sions from the trial judge and the 3o licitor who prosecuted the case, .and the governor has just as consistently refused to take action upon such peti tions until they shall have pas through the hands of the board. The petitions and other papers in the Adams case did notreachthe executive-. officers until Sunday. Following the usual custom, Gover nor Heyward immadiately forwarded them to the solicisor. The latter be ing out of the state, it was impcshlbfa that he should examine the paper decide upon his remmandatn.and return them In time for the board of pardons to take action In the cse s at the-meeting which donvened Wednes day. The papers arestillinthesolict tor's bands. In view of thee facts. and being disposed to give the condemned man every chance, the board of pardn unsalmously passed a resolution ra-: questing Governor Heyward to order Adams respited until February 2h Between that time and now It Whop ed that the papers will bave.been r ceived in correct form and the inia recommendation of the board deelded upon. Former State Senator Peurifoy was there Wednesday to appear before the board In cpposition to the petitions, should these come up. When inform ed of the cIrcumstances he said thaIn he would- not oblect toa respite untilG the papers could be-had. In thIs cs the action of Governor He was similiar to that In tlie case, which is fresh in the publie memory. Lion Causes Panlo. At Toledo, Ohio, while the Bostosk A nima.1 Circus was givInlg its inatlDde pe'r nmanes at the Ooliaeum bulding, Trainer Harry Bay was attacked and seriously Inured by a lion named. (Charlie. The lion, which had beerry performing, sprang upon him, bearind. him .to the floor and Immediately the. audience was panic stricken. Thed beast grabbed Bay by the atm whil* on the floor and laid iritahils body over the trainer's prostrate form. Bayr with his free arm picked up his 2r?1-4 ver which he had dro pped on thtloot when he fell and fired several shots into the face of the enraged beast, who then let go ot his arm and selzed the man in the side. The two attend ants, Miller and Cunningham, sprang to the traps of the safety cage doord and opened them, admitting into ths0 dens the other lions used In the ac.J This caused the animal to releas Bay, and two trainers named Galland andej yoy at once rushed Into the arena and~ drove cif the beast. An Objeot Leanna. The democratic vote in IP'dnata n 1900 was 503,081. That was when the party stood for a. Tiositive auid progressive democrW'Ap In 1902 Mra Hopkins was Ohai.umanl of the stas a committee ad tonducted the ca~n paign. The democratic vote that i ear was only ?80.925. In 1904 Me. alli van hectme a member of teha .ional committee, and he and Me. K' ,pgiaa cntrolled the state .Qrpb? zation. T~hat year the demcctat v*9 e fell to 327.606 notwithstandtng the fact#a at was a presidengg,4 cawy sign. In 1906 Hopkins-M2~~tanC o enca still sontrolled.. ands the~ denj cratic vote !el to 21.% Rare VA'j a falling off if 2&1,071lj in years-a. loss o al nost fifty pay tent- In the languag if The CZfamoner -"bow ngwl f ake th asorti of. party mngmn o htd up as ie.mocratIc party in the Peof Illi)ais? Is It not about time :or therrank'ad file oftheparty to ring the Tilinols organization izso 1armonhyYMih the democratic votera?": Exieck on Union Pacgino, Udilon Pac!fic Overland Linited wd Los Angeles Trains lNos. 2 and 8, ,oth bound for Omaha, Neb., had acollision Monday night at Brule Sta ion, twenty miles west of North ?latte. The Los Aegeles train crash d Into the observation oar in the rear f the Overland Limited. Twenty-five o thirty passengers were In the ob ervati on car and one, E. W. HastIngs, n actor, of N~ew York, was Instantly 111ed. One pssenger named Jan ings was scalded.. Sitole Jewelry. Wlth e75,(00 worth of stolen Jewel'. r in their possessIon, Bahriel Hit and ouisa Lonys, about whom a veil of tystery has been thrown by the.New 'ork police, have escaped and are avwbeing sought in all the large ties of t'e country and In foreign irts. Beyond admitting, that t-e bbery took place on ])ecember the police would disclose none of e details. It was at first reported at Its scene was In one of the larger tels, but investigation proved this 3ry to be without foundation. ,. There is something wrong with tme Sher who can sleep late Christmiag. irning.