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THEY WILL HANG.
Two Brutal Murderers Promptly Convicted Over in Lexington. TELL OF THEIR I CRME Whice Was Brutal in the Extreme The Slayers of Aged Mrs. Ellisor Given Quick Trial and Will Be Speedily Executed-A Very Large Crown Witnessed the Trial, but Everything Passed Off Quietly. Ned and Brack Toland, the two negro boys who killed Mrs. Frances Ellisor at Cayce, across the river from Columbia, on Wednesday, Feb ruary 26, were convicted at Lexing ton, on Tuesday of murder in the first degree and Judge James W. De Vore sentenced them to hand on Fri day, May 1. The trial consumed only about eight hours.. Capt. Jos. R. Allen and the Rich land Volunteers escorted the prison ers to Lexington Tuesday morning from the South Carolina penitentiary andthroughout the trial remained on duty, with fixed bayonets, around the prison dock. The court room was crowded to its capacity and there were not less than 800 people in town to witness the trial. There was not the slightest sign of drunkenness and perfect order prevailed throughoutthe day. Judge DeVore of Edgefield, the newly elected judge of the Eleventh circuit was commissioned by Govern or Ansel to hold the special term of court ordered to try the Toland broth ers. He proved an excellent presid iug judge, and there was not a hitch in the proceedings of the court from the opening to the hour when the crier announced it adjourned sine die. The trip was made to Lexington without mishap. A crowd of perhaps 100 men were at the station at Lex ington when the train arrived, but the engineer, exercising due caution, ran past the staton about 300 yards, where the soldiers detrained and, with the prisoners in the centre of company platoons, the march to Lex ington court house, one mile and a half distant, was begun. The pris oners were extremely nervous ard seemed to be momeitarily in fear of receiving bodily harm and three times between the station and the court house it was necessary for the mili tia to halt for five minute periods tc allow the negroes to rest, Ned Toland giving out completely. As they neared the court building several men on the corner of the street opposite the entrance of the court house yelled three or four times, and some person loudly called, "Where are you niggers?"-but noth ing was started. The crowd in front of the bulding cleared the way for the miliatia and prisoners and soon~ they were safely in .the court room~ and the negroes seated in the dock Here a line of militia was placed or each side of the aisle, on the outex side of the bar railing, a line ou each side ci the aisle inside the sail ing and four at either corner of the prison dock. Two yound lawyers were appointed by the Judge to defend the murdererx and the defendants were then formal ly placed on trial and a plea of not guilty was entered as to each. Undex the law a defendant can not plead guilty in a case the possible outcome of which is capital punishment. Found the Body. Mr. Paul Ellisor, husband of the deceased, was the first witness. Hie testified that when he left his home at Cayce on the morning of Feb. 26, to go to New Brookland, he left his wife there, in good, health. He lef1 his home about 7 o'clock and re turned about 11. The house was locked. When he entered he found his wife's dead obdy in a clothes bas ket in the rear room, with clothex and quilts thrown over her. Her clothes were bloody and there were wounds on her head and face. HI' stated that he misse'd a gun, loaded shells, a razor, a coat, his wife3 cloak and other art-icles from the room. He identified the coat, which at that very moment Brack Toland was wearing, as the coat that was taken from hs house the morning of the murder. *His gun had been returned to him by Mr. M. P. Fox. The gun was identified by witness and placed in evdence. It is a single barrele~d breech loader. -The axe with which the crime was committed was identified and put in evidence. He said that the axe was standing at the foot of the bed and there was blood on the table. It had been used to break open the trunk. He identified the razor. three hankerchiefs and three watch chains which were found on Brack Toland by Sheriff Buford. Two chains, hankerchiefs, etc.. found on Ned Toland by Sheriff Bu ford were identified by Mr Ellisor Witness testified that he was the first to reach his wife und when he discovered her body in the basket life was extinct. There was a bad gash in the t0 of the head and another ugly wouna en the- side of her face. There was blood on her dress, espec ially around the throat. There was no sign of a struggle. As soon as he could recover from the shock he informed his neighbors of the crime. Sheriff .Buford Made Arrest. M. M. Buford, sheriff of Newb~erry cunty, testified that he made the ar r of Ned and Brack Toland on the Sof Feb. 26 between Hilton and Li Mountain. on the Columbia, New' --.- and Laurens railroad. The arrest made on the train. He was in C'.1umbia on the day -.hat Mrs. Ellis.: :..murdered.' Intended taking 7.25 u ;ain for Newberry, b'ut was called off by Mr. L. B. Abe nathy, who told him that Mr Adam D. Shull wanted to talk with him about this murder. There were a series of objections to this line of testimony as being here say and witness was instructed that he couldnt tell what others had said to him. He told of receiving information from Conductor John C. McCain of the presence in the forward part of the train that t-vo negroes whom the conductor had suspected as having been connected with the murder. He arrested them and .took them to the Newberry jail.- They denied any knowledge of the crime. Later he telephoned for Mr. M. F. Fox to come to Newberry and identify the prison ers. Mr. Fox and Mr. Abernathy cale up early Thursday morning and after the former Identified them they we, taken to Columbia and placed in the penitentiary for safe keeping. sheriff Buford started to tell of a Ista;mmxnent made by Brack Toland while in the Newberry jail. hut this wa-s objected to by counsel for the defendants on the gruond that proper groinds for introducing a confession had not been laid and on further ground that the statement was made after the negroes had been told that they were in danger. The solicitor did not insist on the statement and this feature was dropped. Sheriff Buford identified the arti cles found on the defendants. Confessed to Capt. Griffith. Capt. D. J. Griffith, superintendent f 1he State penitentiary. testified that the defendants were placed in the penitentiary on February 27. He had a conversation with both of them in his office a few days later. They made voluntary statements about the Ellis or murder. Brack was the first to make a statement about the affair. He said he had never been away from home before; was induced by his brother to accompany him on this trip. telling him that he (Ned) knew where they could get some money. He said they staid around Cayce's depot for a day or two and the morning of the date on which they were arrested he and Ned went to the house where Mrs. Ellisor ived. They went into the house and asked for some bread. She gave them some biscuits and they offered to pay for it but she refused to taike any pay. They then started into the house to warm. Mrs. Ellisor, he said. at first made no objection to their warming, but that she told them that she believed they were "up to some meanness." B-ack said that they grabbed her and while his brother got the axe he held her tight. Ned hit her in the head two or three times and they put her body in a basket, got some things out of the house and they ran, going through the woods a piece. They sold the gun to a man at New Brookland and then went to Colimbia, taking the train from there and going to Irmo; that they walked up the railroad from Irmo to Hilton, boarding the C., N. and L. train there and being arrested a few minutes lat er by Sheriff Buford. Capt. Griffith said he warned Brack before he made any statement that it would be used against him. After Brack was sent back to his cell. Ned was brought to the office and made substantially the same statement as that made by Brack, he too, being warned that he could not be made to make any confession and that whatever he said would be used against him. Capt. C. C. Roberts of the peniten tiary guard corrobated Capt. Griffith's testimony. The statements made by Ned and Brack Toland were made in his hearing as well as in the hearing of Corporal J. P. Harling. Ned Toland on Stand. Ned Toland was sworn for the de fense. He said he was from Pros perity. Left home on Monday (Feb. 24): told his brother that he was go ing to Col'umbia. His brother and he "beat" the local freight to Columbia. When they reached Columbia they went to a.- restaurant. He bought some cocaine from a negro named Luther. After getting dinner he and his brother went to Cayce. He carried coal for the operator at Cayce and the latter allowed the two to sleep in the waiting room. They swept out the waiting room the next morning and then they left and went up the dirt road and stopp)ed at a lady's house and got something to eat; saw Mr. Ellisor working in the field near his home. After getting something to eat at the lady's house they went into the woods and built up a fire, staying there until late in the after' noon. when they returned to Capce and a gain used the waiting room to sleep in. Leaving the station Wednesday morning, he toek some more cocaine. He had but one nickel left. He and his brother started out, his brother saying that he was hungry. They went up to Mrs. Ellisor's and she gave them some bread. They then asked to be allowed to warm but she told~ them not to come in. 2 ney went on in awyway and he grabbed her and told her he would kill her. His bther grabbed him and told him not to kill her. He purpmed her to ward the back room and picked ur the axe and struck her in the head. Brack turned her loose just before he struck her and walked out of the house. Ned said he put Mrs. Ellisor's body in the basket and covered it up and then took a gun, a lot of shells, coat, ete., and locked the door of the house and left. He told Brack to get be hind him and step in his (Ned's) tracks, which Brack did. They cross ed the road and went through the woods toward Brookland7 passing three men who were hunting. They got something to eat in Brookland after he had sold the gun to Mr. Fox. Brack was worried about killing the "old woman"~ and told told him he "oughtn't to have done it." They crossed the bridge into Co lumbia and stopped at the C. N. & L. depot. They caught the midday train out but got off up the road. a few miles. They walked from Irmo to Hlton, where they caught train No. 21 for Newberry. He told of their arrest on the train and said that he lied to sheriff Buford about their names and where they were from, et. Cocaine Fiend. With tears in his eyes Ned said, "'m de one dat's guilty of killing dat 'owman. Mr brother is innocent an. I did it because I'd been taking cocaine. I done it all and I just ask for mercy and dat you don't hang me." He said Brack begged him not to kill the woman, and if lhe had listen ed to him he would not be where he is now. Solicitor Timmerman asked Ned to explain the effects of cocaine and this is what he gave: "When you snuff cocaine and put it on your tongue it deadens the ton gue-gives you more nerv'e than you want-looks like it make you do any thing. Its a king of good feeling but youll do a..ything. He said he had been "snuffing"~ Icocaine for three or four years. Ned declared that the story told by Brack at Newberry was "made up." He said he told Brack to tell what he did. "so's to keep the blame off'en me" He said his brother had always been a good boy, whereas he (Ned) had been in trouhle often. ile said Ihe told Brack that he would shield him (Ned) on account of his bad "recommendation." This makes the BOOZE WINS FIGHT. DISPENSARY HAS CLOSE CALL IN AIKEN COUNTY. Wit-h Three Small Boxes Yet to be Heard From the Vote Stands 877 to 822. A dispatch from Aiken to The State says the election there Wednes day as to dispensary oil prohibition resulted in a victory for the county dspensary by a very small majority. With all but three small boxes heard from the dispensary has a lead of 55. and it is probable the other three boxes will run the ma jority up to 100 or more. Great interest was taken in the election all over the county. Al though the weather was threatening a large crowd was around the polls in Aiken- all day, among whom were many ladies. About the time the returns began to come in it began to rain but notwithstanding this large crowds assembled around the bufle tin boards ana waitea for the returns which came in rapidly. It was a close election. The following is the total vote: For dispensary, 877; against dispensary, 822 WAS FIRED FROM FORT SDITER. Historic Cannon Ball Presented Na tional Museum at Washiugton. A dispatch from Washington to The News and Courier says the Unit ed States National Museum has just received from Dr. Wheatson Ford. now residing in Washington. a forty pound cannon ball. fired from Sumter at the beginning of the engagement on April 12, 1861. which marked the opening of the civil war. In con nection with the history of this shot. Dr. Ford says: "This cannon ball was fired by Anderson from Fort Sumter on the 1ttn of Apri. 1861. At the b-egin ning of the fight Major Anderson gave his attention to the floating battery. which was moored in the cove at Sullivan's Island, near the western extremity. about a mile and a quar ter from the fort. Three of his shots struck the battery and rebounded upon the sand bar, failing to pene trate more than a few inches. I was one of the surgeons of the hospital at Mount Pleasant across the lagoon back of Sullivan's Island, and as there was nothing to do, there being no wounded, in company with a co4 league, I visited the Island on the 13 of April. and seeing these shot lying in front of the floating bat tery on the sand bank. I caught up one of them in my handkerchief and brought it away, foreseeing its his toric value. I then took the ball suc cessively to Charleston and Aiken. and thence to St. Louis, where it remained until I brought it to Wash ington. ed on the chaingang for breaking in a store; he and "Young Bridges" rob bed the Sligh postoffice and were sent to Atlanta, and he was sent to the chain gang once on account of some trouble he had with his wife. He said Mrs. Ellisor begged them not to kill her, but he was scared and did it anyhow. Brack Toland's Story. Brack Toland testified that he had been away from home but one time before the day when Mrs. Ellisor was killed. He deniel having anything to do with the kil-ing of Mrs. Ellisor. He said he told Sheriff Buford the story at Newberry in the hope of helping to shield his brother, that he told what he did because his brother told him to tell it. He admitted telling Capt. Griffith that he held Mrs. Ellisor while his rbother hit her in the head with the axe. He said this was not the truth. that he was not holding her when Ned struck her. He begged Ned not to kill her--told him that if lie want ed anything in the house to get it. He was holding her with one hand and pushing his brother away with the other. Ned had hold of her with his left hand and the axe was in his right hand. He turned her and. his brother loose and ran out of the door when the first blow was struck. He went outside the house and was com ing back up the steps when his broth er came out. Ned locked the door and threw the key in the yard. They then left the house and went toward New Brookland. Subsequent events were detailed and his story as to these was the same as told byNed. He didn't seem to realize the gravi ty of his situation and evidently was laboring under the impression that the jury would be more lenient in dealing with him than it would in dealing with Ned.. It appeared that he was after clearing himself regard less of what the consequences wer-e as to Ned. There was nothing in his manner to give the impression that the story told on the witness stand was more .truthful than that which he had told Capt. Grifith and Capt. Roberts. and few of the specta tosr believed tha t it was another "hatched up" story. coiicocked for the sole purpose of clearing his own skirts of the dastardly crime. Pleaded for Mercy. After the jury brought in the ver dit of guilty the prisorners were told to stand and receive the sentence of the Court. Almost ever-y man in the building rose to get a look at the ne groes. but at the request of Sheriff Co-ley they quickly resumed their seats. - Asked if they had arything to say why sentence of death should not be pronounced, Ned said: "1 ask the court to have mercy upon me and please don't hang me. I am guilty, ~ut my brother is innocent." When the question was put to Brack he said: "I ask for the mercy of the court. but I am innocent; my brother done it." Judge DeVore then read the sen tence of the court: "That the defend ants Ned and Blrack Toland, be tak en from whence they last came (peni tentiary) and ther-e he kept in safe confinement untIl Friday May 1. 1908. when they are to be taken to Ithe regulai' place of execution for Lexington county. there to be hang ed by their necks until they are de-ad. between the hours of 1 0 a. m. and The "good old summer time" is about here. as witness the shirt sleeve brigade. The time you can depend on a wo ma is when you cnn't on anybody NARROW ESCAPE Of Deputy Sheriff Poulnot in a Desperate Struggle WITH A DRUNKEN MAN The Mant Had Wounded His Child and the Officer Rushed Into the House Where the Shooting Had Taken PIlace and Found Himself Looking Into a Big Pistol, Which He Secured. The Charleston Post sa.'s Deputy Sheriff .. %1. Poulnot had a desperate handtohand conflict Inursuay after inoon with a big negro in a house on Inspection street and he experienced the narrowest escape of his life from being instantly ...led. It was only presence of mind and* physical strength backed by coolness and cour age, that saved hin. In consequence of a fit of drunken temper. Gilmore McCoy. a negro, liv ing at ! 1-2 inspection street. is at the police station somewhat battered up with two charges of aggravated assault and battery, with attempt to kill written against him. tiS Ale girl, about four years of age, is at home suffering from a bullet wound in her shou!der and Deputy Sheriff Poulnot has a torn hand as a remind er of his hard fight with the negro. The deputy sheriff was walking near Inspection street Thursday after noon between 1 and 2 o'clock, and heard the screams of a child. He hurried into Inspection street to in vestigate and was told that .there was a colored man up in No. 5 1-2 trying to kill his child. Mr. Poulnot s a man of courage and quick action, and as- he was arm ed,. le did not hesitate, but hurried ly entered the house whence the screaming proceeded. He met three or four colored men on the steps. hut the njother of the child told him that none of them was to blame and so he went on. Suddenly turning into a room at the top of the steps, he found him self looking into the barrel of a 44 calibre revolver, and quick as thought the deputy grapped the pistol, and then entered into a desperate fight with McCoy, who was drunk and in an ugly mood. Mr. Poulnot had no time to draw his own revolver, but had to fight to get posession of the negro's weapon. and at the. same time prevent him from using it. For several minutes the two men strug gled and finally the deputy sheriff succeeding in breaking the pistolopen and so unloading it. Meanwhile the wife of McCoy forgot her fears of the drunken man, and seized Mr. Poulnot by thle shoulders. This gave McCoy time to get away. Policeman Aulherry, who lives near' the scene of the excitement. rushed into the room about this time and 3Mr. Poulnot told him to go af ter MfcCoy, which he did. He fired 5 shot at the negro, as he was about to jump a rear fence, and McCoy re turned to the house, where' he was captured by the deputy sher iff. and placed under arrest, after a short struggle. The child shot by her inhuman father is not seriously injured, al though hit by a large bullet. It seemed to have touched no vital parts. McCoy was beaten severely in his fight, but was sent back to the police station from the nospital in a short time. * SHIPPERS TAKE NOTICE. The Southern Railway Have Adopted New~ Shipping Rules. As a means of better providing hemselves with methods to trace lost freight shipments. as well as to en pedite the handling of freight. the railroads traversing this section will, after June 1, refuse to accept freight in less than carload lots, which is not plainly marked, shiowin' the con signee. destination, etc. The roads anticip~ate that this new rule will cause complaint fronm shippers and therefore. they are gving 60) days no ice in order that they may become thoroughly acquain ted with it and pre pare themselves to conform to same. The followving circular has been is 1.uted by the Southern Railway and the rtules set forth will be adopted by all the lines traversing the Southeast ern States. "Each package, piece or bundle of less thtan carload f::eight must be plainly imarke'd by brush, stencil, pasted tag, showing the name of the c'onsingee and the nme of the sta tion. town oi' city and the State in whch destined. Pasted labels or secu rely fastened tags should be used only when the character of the freight prevents marking by brush or stem cil. "The marks on packages, bundles or pieces muitst be comnpared with the shipping order and bill of lading and corrections, if necessary, made by the 'onsig~nor or his representative before receipt is signed; old imar,ks must be removed or effaced before the pack ages. bundles or pieces will be ac cepted for transportation. "F~reigh t consigned to a place of which there are two or more of the ame nameo in the same State must h1ave the name of the county marked en eachl package. btindle or piece, and als.o showsn in the shipping receipt. "W hen ftreight, is consigned to a place not located on the line of a rlroad eatch pac'kage, bundle or piece must be nmar'ked with name of stations. at whichP the consi~inen will accept de-. livery or. if destined to a place reach ed by a water line, the name of the railroad station at which denivery is to be made to such water line must he mat'ked on each package, bundle or piece. "FPreigtht not marked in accordance w ih the foregoing rules will not be acepted for ttransportation. She was a little girl and very polite. 'Twas the first time she had been on a visit alone, and she had teen told how to behave. "Now. E'thel. should they ask 'you to stay and dine, you must say. 'No, 'h"ank you. I have already dined." It turned out just as papa had anut iipate'd. "Come along. EtheL" said the host, "You must have a bite with us." '"No. thank you." said the dignified m~tiG gi-l. " have alrady bitten." DOORMEN AT THE BAuN S. Most of Them Retired Policemen Their Chief Duty to Watch Faces. Tne man in uniformi in the bank s a good deal more than a eign post. From 9 A. M. until after banking hours he stands there apparently for the so](- purpose of directing strang ers to the proper windows But there Is a good deal more that he does. That is why at the larger banks 'here are few among the doormen who have not been policemen.Many of them were sergeants or captains. The chief duty of these men is to watch faces and warn the tellers of mqn they suspect. Most of them are familiar with the faces of the old crooks and are able to iick out the new crooks almost instantly. The knowledge of faces that some of these doormen possess is remark able. A story is told of George H. Hewitt. who for Thirty-one years has )een the doorman of the First Na :ional Bank. New York. which is typ ical of t.li these men. A man came in who fifteen years be ore had been a depositor at the har.k. He had gone to Europe, and after that lapse of time had come back with a beard and fifteen years more of life on his shoulders. As soon as he entered the bank Hewitt was 'h-re with his greeting. "Good morning Mr. Farr." as though the man had been away for but a week. There are probably ten thousand men who in the course of a decade deal with the First National. Hewitt knows every one of them. There is another duty that these doormen perform. Of'en during the course of the day one of the clerks 's sent out with a large sum of money to another bank. The doorman al ways accompanies him to see that "is progress through the crowded streets is not interrupted by some crook who -nows the value of the roll the clerk carries with him. The oldest bank doorman in New York is George H. Hewitt of the First National Bank. In the old days the police force stationed men at many of the larger banks. Hewitt was one of these men. He has been there ever since. now more than thir ty-one years. His partner John Budd. has been in the employ of the bank for six years and before that was on the police force for many years. The only police captain in this bus iness is Francis J. Kear of the Cen tr-l Trust Company. :Kear retired on his pension. but instead of living in idleness s to be se'en every day watchini, the faces that enter the tr-st company, looking for old ac qutir.tances in the crooked world. Another old timer is Christopher Smith cf the Mercharts Bank. Smith had the post at Broadway and Cham bers ;t'reet for eighteen years: There was not a prominent New Yorker in the old days that be did not know. One day President Grant was cross ing tlt street there when a truck camp tearing around the corner. Smith grabbed the President just ;M time and saved him from injury. The Geneal turned to him with a humor ous expression on his face and said: "You are the first man who ever jerked me around like that." After that whenever Grant passed th:Lt way he had a cigar for the offil'er ')n the post. Smith has tales to tell of all the men of that day, Arthur. Tilden. Tweed, Roscos Conkling. Tiher.e is not a Judge that he did not know, nor a mayor. Army Education. The conditions confronting officers ind nen who have children to edu :ate, are simply pitiful. Many an offic.a: is at this moment in debt, and paying interest on borrowed 'money, so that he may send his son or his laughter to a good school, or keep .hem in some .:ity where their educa .ion wil' be continuous and uninter 'upted. No matter of domestic -:nomy touches officers more deen iy than than this of the children's ducationl. It is true that the public schools' af a city, if the post be near a city, are generous In taking boys and girls in, and some do- so for a tuition fee; ut it is. nevertheless, a fact that an army officer cannot demand loral sche31 serrice as a right, because of nis profession and his residence on military reservation. Even when ea- a city, the post is outside of it. and the children spend from two to four hours daily travelling behind army mules to and from the school house. The so-called "post schools" no v as' )ublhd, and to which children are sometimes sent through absolute necessity because of isolation, are a farce, for the officer hav'ing the high stunding title of "Superintendent ofu Post Scht o1s," is generally so fully occu pied with other engaging military luties that he can give fittle or no ttention to the school development and system, while the man who is teacher has usually never acted in th:f capacity before. ' Again, ofmcers and men are so 'tans.ed about that the education o he children Is subject .to sad and ~ostly interruptions, as they frequent ly go back one grade in their trans fer from one locality to another. 1s there not a remedy for this? West~ Point represents hundreds of similar. though smaller cases. and these children are as lusty, as loyal and as Americau as any the nation p rodu'ces.-Army and Navy Life. IPatrolmen In Various Cities. Berlin's patrolmen are 1 to 34", Live: pool's are 1 to 449, London's 1 to 496, and Philadelphia has 1 patrol man for every 311 citizens. O'i Manhattan Island th-ere is but one po ticeman to every 643 inhabitants. YOUNG MAN DROWNED. Boat Upsets on Pacolet Mill Pond -Year Spartanburg. A dispatch from Spantanburg to The News and Courier says while shooting didappers from a boat on the pond at Pacolet Mills Saturday after noon. P. Kirby. aged 18S years. was drowned. The body was recovered Saturday night and the inquest held Sunday. The .iury returned a verdict , of accidental drowning. Kirby, William French and a young man named Bryant got in the boat nd started up the river on a fishing trip, Kirby carried a shot gun and ommenced to shoot didappers. Bryant took the gun to try his. luck. Kirby. in turning the boat., aused it to dip and the three men~ tumbled into the stream. Kirby went down immediately, but Bryant and' French reached shore. The water~ was drawr. from the pond and Kirby's ARTIFICIAL HONEL. Inverted Sugar-Better Than Some Kinds of Bees Honey. Prof. Herzfield of Germany re cently brought out some interesting points regarding the manufacture ef artificia, honey in Europe. It is no ticed that when we bring about the inversion of refined sugar in an al most complete manner and under well-determind conditions, this sugar solidifys in the same way as natural honey, after standing for a long time and it can be easily redissolvad by heating it. Owing to the in creased reproduction of artificial honey, the bee cultivators have been agitating the question so as to pro tect themselves, and it is proposed t secure legislation to this effect. one point being to oblige the manufve turers tc add some kind of product. which will indicate the. artificia! prod uct. On the other hand, it is found that the ?ddition of inverted sugai t na'ural honey rends to improve itf quality, and especially to render ii nmore easily digested. Seeing that sugar is about the only alimentary matter which is produced in an abso lutely pure state, its addition t: honey cannot be strictly considered as an adulteration. Bees often takt products from flowers which have a bad taste: an. the chemist Kellet found that honey coming from th' chestnut tree sometimes has a disa greeable flavor. From wheat flowers we find a honey which has a taste which re sembles bittei almonds. and honey from asparagus flowers is most unpal atable. Honey taken from the colzr plant is of an oily nature, and that taken from oniors has the taste o the latter. In such cases the hone.: is m-:ich improved by the addition o Inverted sugar. Prof. Herzfeld gives a practical method of preparing this form of sugar: We take 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of high quality refined sugar in a clean enamel-ware vessel. and add 300 cubic centimetres' (10 fluid ounces) of water and 1.1 gramries (17 grains) tartaric acid. This is heated .t 110 deg. C. over an open fire, stirring all the while. andi is kept at this heat intil the iiquid takes on a fine golden yellow color. such operation lasting for about three-quarters of an hour. By this very simple process we can easily produce artificial honey. Nuinerous extracts are now on the market for giving the aroma of honey. How ever, if we take the artificial product made as above and add to it a nat ural honey having a strong aroma. such as that which is produced from heath. we can obtain an excellent semi-honey.-Scientific American. Find Revere's Well. The old well from which Paul Re vere used to quench his thirst ha been located since the work of restor. ation on the old house in Boston be gan. In strengthening the walls of thi old house workmen dug up undp a corner of the eli and came upon some old hand-hewn oak- planks. Proceeding with great care the:. found these to be the planking o what appeared at first to he a larg water tank or cistern. Further in vestigationl showed that th~ey ha struck upon the old well. It WzG seen that the well must have bee lined' with plank all the way down It is about fouir ieet in diameter an is square. It was filled up long ag and the planking alone remains. In connection with the work ii' other parts of the building other in teresting finds have been made Many of the articles being unearthe I will be placed in the museum. which' it is proposed to establish in th? house. Th. Ie are two pieces of old Lowes toft china, parts of a cup and saucer bottles of curious shape, having glast about half an Inch thick, bits of chii na and earthenware In white an:i al'org. In the cellar was found a:; old half dollar and an old fashionei cent. bearing the date of 1844. Possibly the most interesting articlq found so far is the old belt belong lg to a soldier's dress uniform. I is white and is intact, save for thi loss of the buckle. It is not know;, whether this belt is a part of the un!: form worn by Paul Revere himsel; The belt was found hidaden in th-i wall of the house. There was a large collection pf mis caaneous articles found, such as hatchets, curious nails, old tools. andi bits of Iron.-Boston Post. The Condor's Individuality. W had the best chance of study ing the colors of the condor head The bill was horn color and the relt skin of the head extended down. cos. ering it about ialf way. The leg, were tan. but on each knee was pate". of red. On the breast of each~ bird the skin was blood red, an I coula. be seen occasionally when the bre"w feathers were spread and the birds were preening. Both had light Icolored wing bars, and the prinmarie: were well worn. The skin on the~ throa.t hung loose, and the lower andible fitted close under the upper. The chin was orange-red, and below this on the neck was a strip of green Is'a yeliow, merging into the orange ajout the sides and bat-: of the neck The top and front of .the head were red, but between the eyes was a small patch of black feathers. an-' these extended down in front of thir ey- into the orange-red of the cheek. The pupil of th eye was black, but the lrih. was deep and red and con spcous. The bald and wrinkle& pate. flabby jowls, with the caved in expression of a toothless old wen: an-these helped to make up the car. dor indviduality.-Century. LOST BOTH LEGS. Te Very Sad Fate of An Augusta Georgia, Boy. The Augusta Herald says Tracy Owens, an 11-year-old white boy, was run over the other morning in the ipper Harrisonville yards of the Geor gia railroad, at the north end. Both legs were severed from his body. Hle vs at once carr-ied to the city hos pital. where an operation was per~ formd. and he may recover although it is considered quite doubtful. The Georgia .rgii-road officials state that engine five was in the act of taking the cab from the engine in rder to leave it on a seperate track, when Owens. who is said to hang around the place often endeavored to swing aboard the cab. His footing slipped and legs were severed. The cab was at once connected up and t heb~oy sent to the hospital. TI isstated that young O02ens . -heen eqquently warned to stay av~ay from h e lace. N0 ANU FooA and strictly prohibits the sale of alum baking powder So does France So does Germany has been made ilegal in Wasbing bia, and alum baking powders a "IUrous"- To protect y when ordei ROY and be very sure you get R Royal is the only Baking Po Cream of Tartar. It adds t someness of the foodL Revising the Tariff. The Republicans, if they control the next Congress, will not need the advice and assistance of a tariff Commission; for all they need do is to call in the experts and attorneys of the Trusts. That is what they did in 1897 when the present tariff law was fixed up. What is the use of deceiving the taxpayers, as Con gressman Payne does, by 'declaring that "tariffs have always been made without anything like adequate in formation." Mr. Payne and the other members of the ways and Means Committee were fully advis ed, when they were considering the Dingley tariff law,. that the high rates demand by Mr. Carnegie and the Steel Trust people would breed monopoly. When they allowed tie Standard Oil Trust attorney to write the proviso to the oil schedule they knew they were protecting the trust and adding at least 50 per cent to the price of kerosene to the Ameri can people and the poorest people at that. When they accepted the Beef Trust schedule on hides they pre Anded to be protecting the Ameri can farmer, but they knew they were1 elping the Leather and Beef' rusts. When they accepted the ool schedule of the Wool Growers' ssociation they knew they were dding 75 per cent, at least, to the cost of woolen goods to those people f Northern States, who from neess ty have to buy them and instead of helping the farmers, it was the flockmasters of the great Western. plains that were mostly benefited. When they wrote the schedule that protects the Paper Trust they must have known the newspaper owners ould have to pay the tariff duty in icreasing profit to the triust. Not schedule, but was carefully con sidered and all with the same in I tnt and purpose of adding to the burdens of the people for the bene ut of the Trusts. The Trusts were well acquainted with the facts and in return have been most liberal contributors to: he campaign fund of not only the Republican National Committees,1 but also to the committee who man-I ages the election of Congressmnen. Millions have been paid by the trusts! and protected monopolists to secure he election of presidents and Con gressmen, both of the Senate and ouse who were "sound on the tar 1'f."And now the same old show is to be played again with a different tile and the excuse that there must be added maximum schedule rates o protect us from the pauper labor of England whose workingmen are now in better circumstances than our workmen are because their cost of living is so much less. The English workingmen has low er wages, but the world to draw up n for his necessities, for every ontry,.including the United States sels him its surplus products in com petition with~ each other, with no tariff duties to speak of to add to the price. Here everything import ed that is manufactured is taxed and the trusts profit by adding the tariff rate to their own natural prof t. The only difference being that1 the government collects the tariff tax on the goods imported and the tusts collect the tariff tax en their products produced here while the triff protects them from foreign cmpetition. It is now proposed to~ promise the people to revise the tar i after election," but wnether the hriff is to be revised lower or high eris left to the imagination of thef vter. As the Republican leaders nw declare they must enact a maxi mum tariff as well as a minimum tar if, it is evident that some of the trus: s wat still higher rates and no doubt tey will be accommodated by their' frends, the Republican politicians COL. Asbury Co yard has sent in hsresignation to the hoard of visi-~ ts of the South Carolina Military~ Aademy, to take effect in Septem ber, the six months' notice required i: beng given. For eighteen years he C n been at the head of the academy, ,. n has b1 ilt it up to its present h stte of efl!ciency through trying n .me i pac will be hard to fill. u fsr The sale of alum foods ton and t'he District of Colum re everywhere recognized-as sursdlf against alum, ing baking powder, LBAKING 'POWDER *Y - rder made from Roal the adestibility and-wole SWEPT "BY FIRE Fearful Damage Done by Me in CityOf Chelsea -. OVER A SQUARE MILE. Of the Masschusetts Town Devasta ted-Property Loss Ten don Dollars-T welve Persons Dead and Xany Injured-Ten Thousand Are Homeless-Eleven Hours Requir ed to Get Flamies Under Control. Fire devasted more than one square mile of the manufacturing business and tenement district. of Chelsea. Mass., Sunday, entailing. loss estimated at fully $10',000,00 0. The fsre started at 10.40 am. near the Boston -Blackin-g Company'l works on West Third street, near the Everett City line, and crossed- the city, a distance of onemile and a quarter, Chls Mana, SppositetEaistngos LsseetiSatdant fu $10,000b000 wrs had est Trcoveree nro the retuis. alie a ndrsedtpersn citye tourd Margial opposite Ten athor and pers'ons left homeless. Among the building ~burned were thirteen churches, the Frost Hospital, the Children's Hospital. the City Hall, the 'itz Public Library, five school houses, a dozen or more fac tories and -about 300 tenements and dwellings. The residential section of the city, where the wealthier classes reside, escaped the flames. In the retail sec tion, through which the fire passed, were twenty business blocks, which were destroyed. The United States marine buildings were not damaged. At 9 o'clock Sunday night the fiames were under control. He Knew Them. "Something happened in New York a fe* days ago that was very characteristic of those people who are always throwing rocks at the South because of her principles and behavior," says the Florence Times. "Everybody remnemders the scandal that was created by Artist Earle. who left his wife for an *affinity' and who was made to-afeelthelashof severe popular disapproval among hisneighbors. He took atrip with the affinity and returned to his handsome home on the Hubson. The people in the community were so outraged in their feelings and sense of decency that police protection was needed to keep the couple from the mob. That looked very muhas if thiere .was' still alight, the fires of respect for the domestic hearth andithe sense of moral responsibility, and one felt encouraged. Next night the mob went round to Earle's house to raise a rumpus and run him and his affini ty away from the community. This was lawless, but it showed some leanings to a higher law, and was therefore to be taken with some d gee of leniency. Artist Earle evi dently knew his neighbors better than they did themselves. be-.ause ei was not at any time anything but ontemptous of them and their owling. When he heard the mob at his door he wetnt out and welcom Id them in spite of his affinity's pro estations. He invited them in, ave them wine to drink and gold to ake home with them, and they early ate him up, coming with houts of death to Earle, they left vith hurrahs and glad shouts of ora5s3 that they had so good a man .n their midst. So all of our hopes or the betterment of the moral ~ondition of that community have :o be rebuilt. The incident was ty >ieal. We do not think that it could iave happened that- way in the south, though there have been mci lents that lead us to the entertain nent of grave suspicions at times. THE Charleston Post very truly ays the annnism of such men as . F.. Muriph', tho ".' os'f Tanmmany lall, and "Fing~ 0-ers the hairaL of the Ne * .e ommitt' do no more hu~ wo Mr. tra 0 did the o-position of the lew Y k machine t o Mr. Cleveland 189. wvhen, in the face of the andiay of David B. Hill, present d and strenuously supported by the epresentatives in the convention of is own State, Cleveland was nomi ated on the first ballot nind tri mhantly elected at- the poll1.