Newspaper Page Text
FROM THE HE.T LN NEW YORK CITY. Torrid Wave Drives Many Persons to Place of Peril in Search of Fresh Air. Seven dead is the record of the torrid wave that for 24 hours had made all New York suffer Tuesday. The dead are: Miss Stella Dominick, 21, of No. 233 Second street. Mrs. Mary P. Jackson, 50, of No. 25 Greenwich street. Philip McCauley. 45. Policeman John M. Barry, of the traffic squad. John Welleon, 24, No. 14 West 99th street. John Falkenmeyer, 45. Bert Lane. 29, No. 268 West 144th street. Policeman Barry, of the traffic squad. met his death while trying to save McCauley. McCauley was work ing at the pier of the Savannah Steamship Line at the foot of Spring street. He was on a narrow ledge when he was overcome by heat and fell into the river. Barry saw him fall and plunged in after him. Neither came up. Miss Dominisk lived with her par ents on the sixth floor of No. 233 Second street. A fire escape leads to her window. On the floor below lived a girl friend. Miss Dominick was seeking a cool breeze on the fire escape when her friend called to her. She started to go down the nar row iron steps. Her light skirt. toss ed back by the breeze, caught in a projecting strip of iron and, being pulled back suddenly, she lost her footing and plunged head foremost to the pavement, more than fifty feet be. ow. John Faikenmeyer was employed in a hotel. He was a somnambulist. Ne complained of the heat before go ing to bed. Early today he was found dead on the pavement beneath his bedroom window. The window revolved on an upright bar. It is supposed that while asleep he sought air and walked out the window to death. Albert Lane sought relief by going to sleep on the fire escape. He roll ed off and fell to the pavement from the fourth floor. Mrs. Mary P. Jackson was visiting Mrs. Bella Henderson, at No. 210 West Twenfieth street. They were talking when Mrs. Jackson complain ed of being excessively warm and suddenly fell back. Dr. Beeuwker, of Bellevue hospital, said her death was due to heat prostration. RUSE SAVES LIFE. How Man's Wife Saved Herself and Her Child From Death. At Chester. Pa., after calling his wife and declaring he intended kill ing her and their baby, James Wood fired a bullet through his brain Tuesday, dying almost instantly. That the baby and the mother did not suffer was due to her presence of mind. The family was at the Grand Cen tral Hotel, when Wood called his wife to the parlor. He said: "I am going to shoot you; then I am going to kill the baby and my self." Mrs. Wood, with great presence of mind, replied: "Well, just wait till I call mamma; you may as well kill us all while you are about it." The ruse was successful. Hurry ing to the lower part of the hosue, the young wife called for help, and when her brother-in-law, William Minshall, proprietor of the hotel, rushed into the room. Wood fired a bullet through his own brain. It is thought that Wood was temporarily insane. KILLED WITE BOY. Negro Struck Him in Head Causing Death. Leroy Sellers, a white hoy 17 years of age, was struck by a colored b'y. Willie Johnson, in front of his p1 of employment on King street, in Charlestori Monday morning and died almost immediately afterwards. following the blow which the negro gave the boy on the back of the hnead and the fall to the flagstone pavement. *An autopsy was held to establish whether the boy died from natural causes or from the blow and the examination of the surgeons show ed that the boy's heart and lungs were all right and that death re suited from concussion of the brain. The negro boy is under arrest. awaiting formal formal commitment by the -coroner's jury. CHARGED WITH BIGAMY. Greend11Je Man Eludes Arrest on a Warrant Sworn Out by Wife. An effort was made by Jailer Noe to arrest Marion C. Patterson, a flag man on the northbound vestibule, when it reached Greenville Thurs day night, but he eluded arrest. Patterson is wanted on a warrant Sissued at the instance of his wife. which charges him with bigamy. al-. leging he has -recently married a woman named Mary E. Parker and with whom he now lives in Char lotte. Mrs. Patterson, who swore ont the warrant, was living in Green - at the time she mar-ied ai.1I s." and her very young baby ap pear to have the sympathy of the co: snity. She says she will not re :- ent until her husband has been at remsed. FLAME.S N:TROY VILLAGE Village Appeals Too Late For As-1 sistance. Stamping Ground, a village of 700 people, nine miles from Frankford, Ky., on the Frankfort and Cincinna ti railway, was practically destroyed by fire which originated in the Hay nor Hotel Wednesday night. The la :e Buffalo Springs distillery was destroyed and the flames swept the principal business and residence districts of the town. Owing to poor fire protection in the village an appeal for help was telephoned to Frankfort, Paris and Lexington, but the telephone exchan ge was consumed by the flames while I oners were being given. HOLD SPOT COTTON l'HIE MINIMDM PRICE IS FIFTEEN C CENTS STRAIGHT. P'reident B. Harris of the State Far- ) mers' 'nion Issues Another Cir- I cular Letter. President B. Harris of the State Farmers' Union has issued another k ircular letter urging the farmers to a hold their cotton for 15 cents. The a letter is as follows: Some sixty days ago we were told that cotton was going to eight cents b per pound. We were told this by tE some of our leading business men o and cotton buyers of our cities and a they did finally scare some of our t farmers and managed to get them 8 to sell some at ten cents per pound. Now let's see what it is selling for: it And the way from twelve to twelve F and one-half cents per pound. Now F it behooves us to investigate the 'n cause of this r'ue of ten dollars per o: bale. Is it that trade conditions are t so much better. or is it that the C holding of it off of the market is the b cause? Surely the blind man can t( -ee the cause. f According to the best esiin-atc oh- It tainable the requirements of the a mrizls this year wilt be t reatc- than a -.P suppl: o~f 1cetl able g- i -s of si on, h .:e :1.v: should t- no fear a of surplus t) 1: ..- ass ti market- ti ing of the balance of this year's crop. On the other hand it is now l, generally considered that after the shortage of last year's crop of 4. 500.000 bales that the world would need a big crop this year to supply I the demand. A bumper crop can not be expect "d this year because the acreage has been reduced and the crop is a poor stnd. excesive rains in the west ard the latenest of the season and a doz- u en other unfavorable conditions. It ' is impossible that a large crop can f be made with these conditions and t so there is no need to fear the alarm p ing predictions of the cotton buyers and their allies that cotton can not go higher. - I want to tell you that the very t thing that has advanced it ten dol lars a bale in the last thirty days e will still if applied make it bring the minimum price 15 cents. Now what 1 is the remedy? t Hold, hold, hold, spot cotton and n always remember futures cannot be I spun. Spot cotton is selling right t here in South Carolina. for the same price spots are selling for in New t York and we all know it takes about a one cent per pound to carry cotton to New York and sell it. This shows f the conditions at home needs it for the mills. This should stimulate every holder of spot cotton to hold t for the minimum price. It is not too late to plant corn. You can ' plant up to the tenth of July, plant an early variety, manure and work a well. It will handsomely pay you for your work. Corn is nov 'alling I ~ for $I.10 cash per bushel and. $1.35 on time:. Remember well filled corn cribs and smoke-houses will always ' make cotton bring the minimum price fired by the producer, the only one who has a right to put a price upon his product. B. Harris, I President South Carolina State Far-t mers' Union. Pendleton, S. C. HYDROPHOBIA. Symptoms of the Deadly Disease as it Attacks Dogs. As dog days will soon be on us it1 well for everyone to be very careful in handling and playing with dogs. Hydrophobia is a much to be dreaded disease. It is the result of a specific poison, and produces a certain train of symptoms usually ending in death. Dogs are often thought to have the rabies when they are merely slightly affected by the sun. The disease is slow and a dog never looks wiser than when he is beginning to go mad--mind and body are struggling for mastery. The symptoms of furious rabies are as follows: Nervousness and restlessness to a marked degree; refuses solid food; refuses water; desire, to abide ii dark places; uncontrolable restless ness. A dog does not foam at the mouth if he has furious rabies, as foam can only 1e produced by healthy saliva, as when chewing &a bone or running at great speed. In hydrophobia the tongue becomes. very dry, the larynx inflamed and swollen and the poor beast emits a hoarse, peculiar bark in his agony. In dumb rabies the dog foams at the mouth and generally becomes paralyzed. There is not the desire to bite as in the other form. No man, or woman or child can1 use too much precaution in the handling of dogs-pets or otherwise. A lady was mending a tear in her dress caused by the teeth of her pet dog, not suspected of being rabid. She merely bit off the thread from which she contracted hydrophobia. In another case a gentlemen was reclining on the sofa when his dog affectionately licked his cheek. In a short while a small abrasion on his face began to tingle and smart- a the dread disease had set in. COSTLY "GREASE" ON MASTS.t Sailors i'sed $20,000 Worth of Am- I bergris, .Not Knowing its Value. c Greasing masts. sea boots. and oil skins with ambergris, valued at ap-i proximately $400 a pound, sailors t on the British bark Antiope wasted a about $20.000 worth of the stuff C unaware of its value. A small part of the "grease" had been saved, and this was identified by an Oakland druggist. as ambergris. s The Antiope reached San Francis co from Newcastle. Australia, a few days ago. On the way up a large i quantity of "gre'ase" was seen float-| ing on the ocean, and the men managed to scoop up several bucke fulls. The 'grease" was used for,. slushing down the mats, the baianc being used by the men on .their oia skins and boots. Three D~ie From Heat. On Thursday three persons died under traigic circumstances in New ork, and their death is attributed Ic indirectly to the heat. 0 You never find the sunny side of 'UNCLE REMUS" DEAD: ;REER OF AUTHOR OF "UNCLE REM31S" STORIES ENDED. eath (ae at flis Home in Atlanta At 8 O'clock Frday Night, After An illness of Ten Days. Joe Chandler Harris, familiarly gown as "Uncle Remuus" and an ithor of note. died at his home in suburb of Atlanta Friday night. r. Harris. whose health had not yen good for some time. had only ?en confined to his bed for about n days, suffering from chrrhosis the liver. Complication set in ad he grew rapidly worse, and con nued to sink until the end came at o'clock Friday ni;ht. Joel Chandler iHarris was born t Eatonton. Ga.. December 9. 1848. e was married in 187' to Miss ssie LaRose, of Canada, and in 1876 oved to Atlanta, joining the staff the Atlanta Constituion. It was bile he was connected with the onstitution that his tales, "Stories }Uncle Remus." first attracted at ntion. In 1900 Mr. Harris retired orn ' active journalism, and until st year, when he became editor ad proprietor of t ncle Remus Mag tine. spent most of his time at his iburban home. He is survived by widow, four sons and two daugh rs. Mr. Harris will be buried in At tnta. * THE AMERICAN FARMER. he Man Who Tills the Soil Has Come Into His Own at Last. If the American farmer went out f business this year he could clean p thirty billion dollars. And he -ould have to sell hs farm on credit; yr there is not enough money in ae whole world to pay him half his rice. Talk of the money-mad trusts 'hey might have reason to be mad they owned the farms. instead of weir watered stock. When we re ember that the American farmer arns enough in seventeen da's to uy out the Standard Oil. and enough a fifty days to wipe Carnegie 2:d Lie steel trust off the industrial ap, the story of the trusts seems ke "the short and simple annals of Lie poor." One American harvest would buy Lie kingdom of Belgium, king and 11; two would buy Italy; three ould buy Austria-Hungary. and ve at a spot cash price, would take .ussia from the czar. Talk about swollen fortunes: Wlith he setting of every sun the money ox of the American farmer bulges -ith the weight of twenty-four new aaginations can conceive of such torrent of wealth. Place your fingers on the pulse of our wrist, and count the heartbeats, ne, two, three, four. With every our of those- quick throbs, day and ight a thousand dollars clatters into he gold-bin of the American farm r. How incomprehensible it would eem to Pericles, who saw Greece in er Golden Age, if he could know hat the yearly revenue of this coun ry is now no more than one day's lay for the men who till the soil of his infant republic. Or. how it would amaze a resurrec ed Christopher Columbus if he were old that the revenue of Spain and 'ortugal are not nearly as much as he earnings of the American's far ners' hen! M'erely the crumbs that drop from, he farmer's table (otherwise known s agricultural exports) have brought im to enough in foreign money ince 1892 to enable him, if he wish ~d, to settle the railroad problem nce for all by buying every foot of -airoad in the United States. Such is our New Farnaer--a man or whom there is no name in any anguage. He is far above the far ner' of the ste--y-books us a 1 00 ouring car is above a jinrilkisha. nitead of being an ignorant hroeman n a barnyard world, he gets the tews by 'daily mall and telephone. Lnd incidentally publishes 800 trade ournals of his own. Instead of be ng a moneyless peasant, he pays he interest on the mortgage with he earnings of a week. Even thisI s less of an expense than it seenas or he borrows money from him elf, out of his own bank, and spends he bulk of the tax -noney around is own properties. Farming for a business, not for living-this is the motive of the ew farmer. He s a commercialist man of the twentieth century. HE corks as hard as the old farmer id. but in a higher way. He uses he four M's-mind. money, macbin ry and muscle: but as little of the atter as possible. Neither is he a Robinson Crusoe f the soil, as the old farmer was. is hermit days are over; he is a aan among men. The railway, the rolley, the automobile, and the top suggy have transformed him into .suburbanite. In fact his business as become so complex and many ided that he touches civilization at 3re points and lives a larger life han if he were one of the atoms of crowded city. All American farmers. of course. re not of the new variety. The coun ry is like the city, has its slums. 3ut after having made tallowane or exceptions, it is still true that he United States is the native land f the new farmer. He is the most pical human product that this ountry has produced, and the most aplortanl. for, in spite of his egos cal cites, the United States is still farnm nsed nation.-Herbert N. asson, in May Review of Reviews. * Instructs for Bryan. A dispatch from Charlotte. N. C.. ays that the democratic state con ention, which has been in session|I are a week, adjoined sine die at idnight, crowning its labors by in -ructing for William .ennngs Bryan Sa vote of 253 to 194. The fight over the Bryan instrut ns occupied the closing hour of* t convention and was threshed out nid considerable confusion. the ryanites winning a walk when thae >ll was called. This world is none thec poorer for sing the religion that ran itself it in rhetoric. Programmes and policies are yain MANY KILLED. Engine and Two Coaches Are Ditched With Fatal Results. Eight.are reported killed in a Mis ;ouri Pacific wreck at Lamar, near Sedalia. Mo.. Thursday. The trains were No. 3, westbound, nown as the California express and Co. 1 2. eastbound. the St. Louis spe :ial from Colorado. The point where the two trains ame together is five miles west of aMonte. Mo. The collision occur 'ed about five o'clock. Officials of the Missouri Pacific onfirm the report that "several are lead and injured." PRESENCE OF 3DND. Story by Eugene Cowles of the Sud den Freezing of Water. When Eugene Cowles was a boy in Chicago he used to act in amateur theatricals. and he tells a good story of one of his young friends who ap peared with him. "His name was Littlehale," says Cowles, "and in one of our shows he had to plunge into a river, pursued by a wild beast. The river was invisible to the audience, and we fixed it so that Littlehale should leap, disappear, and strike a mattress in the wings, while a stage hand should drop a big rock In a tub so as to make a splash. The leap worked magnificently in rehearsal, but the night of the performance, the stage land forgot the mattress and the tub. When Littlehale jumped he fell eight feet to the oaken floor be neath and the crash was such a tre men ous one that the audience not knowing the circumstances, began to laugh.. Littlehale was equal to the situation. 'Heavens,' he shouted from beneath the stage, 'the water's frozen!"-San Francisco Chronicle. The Shopkeeping Kaiser. The Kaiser has been extremely en ergetic in pushing the interests of his Berlin pottery shop as commercial traveller. Sometimes at court fes tivals, when he espies a wealthy man he approaches him and solicits or ders for the Hohenzollern store. Whcr the order is given the kaiser extracts a gold pencil from his pocket anc, after the manner of commercial travellers jots down the particulars on his snow white cuffs.-London Tit-Bits. The Child. It is startling to realize that the orge' ism of the child is physically and psychically superior to that of t1e adult.. Stolidity, strength, and experience, of course, turn the bal ance, but in quality and type, the child has the advantage, and it is the child-type that should be our ideal. "Of such," it was truly said, "is the Kingdom of Heaven."-Pre paratory Schools Review. Steer's Strange Death. Ernest A. Davis of South Montville recently lost one of a fine pair of steers. Death was caused by the animal having swallowed a spiral spring which was once a part of a curtain fixture. The wire had 'work ed through the stomach and pierced the heart. --Kennebec Journal. Vanishing Diseases. Typhus fever has practically been extinguished in this country, and Is "tending" toward extinction in Ire land. Phthisis is diminishing; In Great Britain and elsewhere, but is increasing in Ireland, coupled with the relationship of famine to the spread of typhus, give the key to the problem.-Hospital. Via Siberia. "Kindly indorse your envelope 'Via Siberia.' Suoh Is the request made by people In the Far East to their correspondents here, and there is no doubt that the trans-Siberian route has proved most regular and satis factory since it got into proper work ing order.--Syren. Japan's Mining Production. Japan's mining production last year. according to returns fromr the Japanese Department of Agriculture and Commerce, amounted to $52, 130,S84. In 1886 the corresponding value was $5,000,0000. The value c Japan's mining output Is trebling every decade. Southern Chivalry. Thomas Nelson Page, the literary Virginan, always addresses the Pres ident as "his excellency." This term is rarely used at the White House offices, except when a foreigner or a Southerner, tenacious of the old idea, calls to see Mr. Roosevelt. Roses Made of Butter. A basket of roses, made completely of butter, basket and all, Is beins ex hibited through England by the Gov ernmer. of Victoria, one of the States in Australia to remind the mother country of her great agricultural wealth. Cuba Railroad Earnings. The annual gross earnings of the Cuba Railroad for the fiscal year ended June 6, 1907. were $1,953,309, and .he net $658,424; $153,738 was expended for roadbed improvements. The earnings show an Increase of 270 per cer; in three years. Auto a Traveling Camp. Roy Faye, a Boston autoist, has converted his car into a traveling aip for hunting In the Maine woods. H har' built an extension top of heavy waterproof canvara and fitted up the rear end of the interior with bunks for sleeping. Concrete Arches in~ Mines. Arches of concrete to support mine roofz ar being used in Pennsylvania collieries as substitute for timber suports, always breakable, and now very expensive owing to the growing scarity of timber. Surprised When Money Fails. An aged man, familiar with the people of the metropolis, says that nothing seems to astonish a New York man as much as to find some desired purpose which cannot be ac comlished by money. Resists Arrest and is Killed. H. I). Putnam, a prominent citi :en of Hancevillc. Ala., was instant y killed byv 3arshall JTohn HollandI hursdaiy. Holland had a warrent 'or Putnam's arrest. Putnam, it is said. resisted arrest and was en leavoring to draw a knife when the >fficer shot him. Holland has been SIX IUNIREDI KILLED. Boat Disaster Occurred at Batavia Many Eaten by Sharks. A dispatch from Victoria, B. C.. says news of a storm which caused a boat disaster, involving the loss of over 600 lives at Batavia, was brought by the Empress of China Wednesday. Many large overloaded boats were overturned in the harbor and shriek ing passengers struggled in the wat er with no chance of rescue. Others were snapped up by sharks. During the week following :1-9 corpses were found. many being mu tilated by the sharks. CHARMS AND INCA.!STATIONS. How Some Pennsylvanians Use Then for Remedies Against Ills. Witchcraft superstitions are stil widely prevalent in Eastern Penn sylvanla, according to William W Neifert, who in the Pennsylvania German, cites a number of favorite charms and incantations: To cure snake bites: God has cre ated all things and they were good. Thou only, serpent, art damned. Cursed be thou and thy sting, Zing, Zing, Zing, To prevent accidents. Carry with you, sewed to your right sleeve, the right eye of a wolf. Security against mad dogs: Dog, hold thy nose to the ground. God has made me and thee, hound. To banish the whooping cough: Let the child drink out of a blue glass tumbler. (This disease was known as the "blue cough," and on the principle that "like cures like," the child drinks from a "blue glass" to cure a "blue cough.") To cure baldness: Rub the scalp with the hemisphere of a divided on ion. (This' was a strong charm if the vegetable was fresh.) To cure fits: Take off the child's shirt, turning it inside out while do ing so,, and then burn the garment. To destroy warts: Stick a pin through the wart, and give away the pin, when the wart will follow the pin. To make the best cider vinegar: After 'e cider is put into the cask call up the names of three of the crossest and most sour-tempered old women In the community, and in a loud voice utter their names into the bung hole, and immediately cork it up, agd you will have the best and strongest vinegar in the neighbor hood. A remedy against slander: If :ou are calumniated or slandered to your very skin, to your very flesh, to your very bones, cast it back u-on the false tongues. Take off your shirt, and turn it inside out, and then run your two thumbs along your body under the ribs starting at the pit of the heart, thence down to the thighs. To bring a thief to confession and make him restore stolen property: From the door sill over which the thief has passed take three splint-rs In the 'name of the Trinity. Fasten them to a wagon wheel removed from the spindle, and through the box or hub, pronounce the following prayer: "I pray thee, Thou Ho'.y Trinity, to constrain the thief who has stolen my (name of the article stolen) to be stung by remorse and restore it to Its rightful owner." This done, the wheel is to be re placed by fastening It to the wagon, when it was given three revolutions, and the stolen goods were expected to be returned. A New Gunpowder. There has been invented in Ger nany a powder which Is said to give no fiareback whatever, even in guns of the largest calibre. The compo sition of tehe powder is not known, but it is supposed to consist of nitro glycerin, nitro-cellulose and vase lne. The prevention 'of the fiare back, however, is believed to be due tu the incorporation in the powder Ot a small amount of some chemical n. ich has proved to be thoroughly effectiva. . - Kid Lloves From "Rats. In ParIs there is a rat - ound. It is a deep walled pit in which some thousands of rats are kept. A dead horse is thrown into the pit at night and rats strip the caruss of its flesh. Once a month there Is a general slaying of rats by gas. The rats are sleek and plump and their bodies are in excellent condition. The~r skis are removed and treated and eventually are made into "kid" gloves. Dog Has Bank Account. Bluff, a bulldog, is heir to a for tune of $1,000, left by his master, WillIam E. Butts, a wealthy resident of Chicago, who died recently. Bluff, sc far as is known, Is the only dog in the world with a bank account. A little bank book will be issued in the name of Bluff and checks agaiinst the account will be signed "Blu&"' ty the administrator of the estate, who will look after Bluff's future. Rat's Strange Death. A cocoanut was brought to me just as picked up in a Colomba garden, with the head of a big rat fixed into the nut, the rat being not long dead. Clearly the rat was up a tree nib bling at or rather being well into the nut, nearly full size, when the nut tumbled and before it could withdraw it was crushed to death between the nut and the ground. Ceylon Observer. Millions of Babies. Persons who are strongly impress ed by the fact that we are receiving more than a million immigrants yearly through the gate of New York city should not forget that we are yearly receiving in the United States about eight million babies, who make this country their first earthly port. Illiteracy in Brazil. The'curse of Brazil lies in the great illiteracy of its men and wom en. According to the oinil Gov ernment figures the Illiteracy is S0 per cent. Les Miserables. The most unhappy beings on the face of the earth are professional politicians. Shot His Wife to Death. Clifford Touart. member of a prto minent Gulf Coast family, shot and pro~ably fatally wounded his wife at Bagdad, Fla, late Thursday. The couple, it is said, quarrelled about a visit to Pensacpla proposed 'by Mrs. Touart, and Touart shot her three times. Touart's friends say h Is insane. KILLING NEAR NEECES WHITE MAN KILLS NEGRO WHO CHASED HIS WIFE. Mr. J. L. .Johnson Shot and Killed a Negro Named Lige Walker Who lad Chased His Wife. The Orangeburgg correspondent I of The News and Courier says an other homicide has been -'ecorded in Orangeburg County. Between 8 and 9 o'clock Friday morning J. L. .Johnson. white. shot and killed a ne gro named Lige Walker. about two and a half miles from the town of Neeces. in this county. The cause of the shooting was the alleged at tempt on the part of the negro to assault the wife of Mr. Johnson. Nothing was known here of the affair until Saturday morning, when Mr. Jch.:son came to the city and sur rendered to Sheriff Dukes. Following is a complete story of the killing and the events leading, up to it as told to The News and Courier correspondent by Mr. John son: Mr. .Johnson and family live on the place of Mr. J. M. Stephenson, by whom the former is employed, their residences being about half a mile apart. About 11 o'clock Thurs day morning Mrs. .Johnson was in the cotton field right by Stephen son's house, near which the negro was sharpening some farm imple ward her home, and when about 150 yards from Stephenson's house the negro suddenly quit his work and began running in the directon taken by Mrs. Johnson, who was accompani ed by her seven-year-old son. They became alarmed and also commenc ed to run. the negro gaining on them all the time. When very near the rhouse Walker stopped running, evi dently frightened at the screams of the lady and child, and disappeared. The husband reached home about 12 o'clock and found his wife in a high ly nervous state, and was informed about the occurrence. He had no shells in the house at the time but procured some that afternoon. He was unable to locate the negro at that time so took his gun to the field Friday morning with the intention of shooting Walker on sight. Be tween S and 9 o'clock, seeing the negro at Stephenson's gate in con versation with the latter, he picked up the gun and started toward the two men. When within hearing dis tance he found that Stephenson had discharged Walker and was order ing him off 'the place. The negro saw him coming and turned to run when Johnson fired, the load strik ing Walker in the back. The negro fell on his back, when Johnson re loaded and fired again, the second shct lodging in the abdomen, pro ducing instant death. Johnson then left the scene of the trouble with the intention of remaining away until after the inquest, telling Stephenson where he was going. a distance of about two miles. He returned home before night and remained there un til Saturday morning,'when he came to Orangeburg and gave himself up. It seems that Walker had been in the neighborhood only about a month and told conflicting stories concern ing his former whereabouts. He had also made hmself objectionable on several previous occasions, and al together was considered something of a suspicious character. The inquest was held by Magistrat'' Tyler. at Norway. It is understood that application will be made fo bail at once. KILLED BY BASE BALL. Promising Young Man of Springfield Section Struck Over Heart. A dispatch to The State says: Saturday afternoon at Morgantown, a settlement two miles east of Sp~ringfield, Paul Morgan was almost instantly killed by a baseball. The neighborhood, in accordance with a long established rule, had a Fourth of July picnic at the old home of Maj. Joseph H. Morgan. After, din ner the boys of that section, with several from Springfield, arranged a game of baseball. Grover Cannon, a boy about 15 years old, was pitching and struck y-ung Morgan, who was at bat, just over the heart, the blow causing in stant death. Dr'. H. A. Odnmon and Dr. J. P. Str'oman did everything in their power for Mr. Morgan but they culd not resuscitate him. Paul Morgan was one of the brightest young men of the neighbor hood, just entering early manhood with every prospects of a bright fu ture before him. He was 21 years old second son of Mr. Meynardie Morgan and grandson of Maj. Joseph H. Morgan. He attended the last session of the high school at Spring field and took a high stand in his classes. The accident is a shock to every one. W'hile no blame can be laid at the dooi' .of little Grover Cannon, the pitcher who thirew the ball, yet the little fellow is pirosti'ated with giief. Grover' is a brother of Mr's. James H. Fanning of Springfield~and was raised by Mr. and Mrs. Fanning, his parents dying when he was an infant. ILLMAN FOR SECOND PLACE. Senator's Name May be Presented fo- Vice Presidenlcy at Deniver. Gen. Wilie Jones, chairman of the State Deniocratic committee, stated Monday that he had considered that the South Carolina delegation should piesent the name of Senator Tillman to the Convention for Vice Presi dent, and he thinks it is possible that this will be done. The nomina ia would be purely complimentary. of course, as Senator Tillman has gone to Europe to rest until after th close of the campaign and would not if nominated, be able to pairtiCi pate in the camp~aign at all on ac count of the serious condition of his health. However his name may be preesented. Travels in Glass Cabinet. Traveling in an aiir-tight glass covered 1hcx resembling a coffin or refrigerator. Mi's. Wni. Tyson. of Fithburg. Mass.. arrived in Salis bury, N. C.. Tuesday in search of health. The box in which she trav els is furnished with modern con veineies and Mr's. Tyson keeps well wrppel with blankets. She has liv ed for years almost without expoure to the open air. ou do not help a lame man to .alk staigtb rriking at his wveak FIRE AT COPE. Iwo Stores and One Dwelling Are Burned Down. On last Thursday morning at about l.35 o'clock fire broke out in the tore of Mir. E. D. Murphy. The fire! )urned rapidly and at one time it ooked as if the entire business por :ion of the town would be destroy d. Mr. Murphy lost his store and its :ontents and his dwelling, with a ortion of its contents. His loss is estmated at about $1,000 or $1,200. David Washington. a negro, lost! ais store and its contents. the value )f which is estimated at about $175 )r $200. There is some insurance on each less. but the exact amount is not known. The bucket brigade did some fine fighting for an hour before the fire was under control. Freak Chickens. Several freaks of nature have been reported to this office in the last week. Mr. J. K. Wannamaker re ports a chicken hatched on his place that walks with its body erect like a man, and Mr. T. L. Buyck reports one hatched at his home with a head resembling that of a grou: J mole, only the chick's ears are where tne eyes should be and no eyes all. Gobe Aiken reports the hatch of four chicks deaf and dumb, and Mr. Jas. Snioak gave us an egg weighing over a quarter of a pound. Calhoun county will soon have enou gh freaks to start up a "zoo."--Cal houn Advance. The Cotton Crop. The influence of the cotton crop of America upon the world's com merce does not decline. On the contrary, every year it becomes more manifest. The production -of cotton is studied with grcater care every year. The different experi ment stations and the government bureau at Washington are now able to state conclusions based on exper iments which are of great value to the cotton planter. At this time the chief interest seems to center in the seed selection and in the better treat ment of the soil. The correspondents of Home and Farm will have much to say of interest on these points. The insect enemies of the cotton plant are best met in the se lection of the seed and in the prepa ration of the soil and in the early development of the plant. The early cotton escapes the boll weevil to a large extent. In a recent bulletin published by the Agricnltural Department at Washington it is said the expense for picking the cotton is the largest item in the cost of production. The entire crop is picked by hard, just as the beginning. One man with modern machinery can cultivate thirty acres, but it re quires four pickers to gather the crop as rapidly as is necessary to prevent loss. It is estimated that one and a half million persons working four months are needed to gather a crop the size of that grown in 1907. Let us remember that the grain crops are now harvested by machin ery and consider what a revolution would be wrought if we had a cot ton harvester equal to the grain harvesters of the North. Great improvements have been made in the ginning of cotton, and some improvements have been made in the bailing of cotton, but there is room for improvement on both accounts still. Further, there is room for im provement in marketing the crop. Farmers cannot control the rail ro'ads either in price or in waste or injury to cotton in transit, but the farmer of the Southern States should consider the cost of carry ing the cotton to the railroad sta tion. They do not not count this work as costing them anything, but it is a serious mistake. As it stands, the estimate is that it costs 80 cents to get a bale of cotton hauled to the rail-road station. This expense ought to be reduced one-half by the improvement of the county roads. With good roads they could haul twice as much with the same ex penditure of labor-man labor and mule labor. The cost of marketing the crop, taking the average from different railroad station of America to Liv erpool is $3.60 a bale of 500 pounds. n other words, it costs nearly one fourth as much to carry the cotton to the railroad station as it does to get the cotton from the railroad station to the Liverpool market. Home and Farm. Cotten and Prosperity. The Colum!:ia Smate says: The last fiv.e cotton crops, the Piladephizt Record reminds us, have reprsented a cash value for lint alne, of more than three bil lion dollars. It is almost, perhaps quite, impossible for the human mind to conceive three billion dol lars, yet this inconceivable sum has been poured into the lap of this na tion by the Southern cotton-grow ers, within five years, from the staple of their fields. To this three bllions must be added some $500, 000,000 realized from the sale < cotton-seed products in the same We can better apprcciate this by remembering that previously it took ten cotton cro.ps to approxi mate this vast tril-ute. The devel opement has bt en greater than that of any oth r crop). It has brought prosperity anid opportunity to the South. Even if we did not reckon the lint at all, the value of the cotton seed wvould still make cotton a notable ei op; but when we add the oil and the cotton-seed meal to the lint, in w hich the world clothes it self, we have a grand por duc of or fertil soit and fecudn air that ^ cans the continued and the grea: :. increased prosperity of this section. Persons that talk and write of cotton are :often inclined to ignore the by-pn'*.Jucts of the fielde. A few year, ago, 1894. the production of cotton-. t ed oil was only 50,000, 000 goll.; .; now it exceeds 175,000, 000 galbr. Previot-!y to 1870 the seed was thought ; be a nuisance about the farm. 'I:,n it began to be used for the ;i in it, and now it repre sents one of the great industries of the country. We consume vast quantiti- of it as salad and cooking oil, we ftud it to our stock, with the most gaa ing results, we ship it to every -entry of the globe to en rich the 1K and cream of millions af dairy :.,rrns. Cotton mains the most influen tial of ti: products of the soil. It still main ins therefore its right to be called K ng. I-roud of Crops. The ques lion has been asked by a Chicago ; wspaper. 'Why not be proud of :e great crops that are being rahe i this year on the farms?" Of course, the farmers are proud of their cr(,'. and the tradesmen are proud of hem, and the merchants rejoice, a i the manufacturers are glad. Proud of the great crops? Certainly. It is strange that one should ask such a-question. The crop; are bumper ones this year. They will surpass those of 1907 by several millions in value. And the crop last year was no small one-cert ainly not to be ashamed of. In all the world there is no coun try where such great, varied and valuable crops are produced as .on the Americhn farmers. Markets are near every acre of this land. The railreads absorb the the surplus and transport it to the market cen ter of the country :or the wL :ld. And that which is left behind will not be so'd for a cent less than whit it could be sold for farther away; or putting i in another way, nothing will be shi 'ped away for less than it will I'ring at home. In other words, go od prices will prevail ev erywhere. The good crop means s.a abundanc. of distributed new wealth. The Power of Bryan. The Charleston Evening Post says: "And there is North Carolina in the Bryan column, after all the boasts of the opposition that the State u ould have nothing to do withith. Nebraskan. And Senator Simmors. who is the chiief anti-Bry anite a'. ung the Tarheels, had to run the gauntlet of the convention in order to get a place on the in stra.ctedi Ilegation to Denver. The Charlotue Observer was prepared for this before some others. A week before the State convention met in Charloth . The Observer, predicting a declar.. ion for Bryan, said: "Since North Carolina can not swing the Bryan owned party, the Bryan-own ed paru.' will be likely to swing North Carolina. The convention in this St..-e comes even later than Virgiia'" and events elsewhere have lik'- ise almost predetermiined its action, Emancipation of the national party has been visibly de ferred, Why should -a few States burden themselves with the future? North Carolina being human, will presuma')y get on the band wagon as a mat ter of course." It got on all right, bnt why all this talk about the "B'yvan owned" party? Who gave M .Bryan title to the party? Certainly he did not go into the pol itical market and buy the Democra cy. "Why not be fair to the party and to Mr. Bryan, too, by admitting that the Nebraskan has, fairly won the nomi: ation which will be his by acclamation at Denver. He has no Federal patronage, he has no great campaign fund, he. is not a rich man, altk ugh he is very comforta bly provided for. Whence comes his supremacy in the party except through the power of an idea? The idea may hot be particularly attrae tve to old fashioned Democrats. We confe::s that we have never been under its spell. But its presence and force is not to be denied. It is a real, liv ing factor. Mr. Bryan is mere of an evangelist than a states man, and the Amcrican people are more inclined at the present time to evangelismr than to stalecralft. Per haps it is n- isely ordained that a na tion shall pass through per'iods of elation, '. heni the heart rules rather than the head, and this may be one of thote pecriods, and Mr. Bryan the i:terpreter of its emotion. The pe riod of practical, constructive states manship will come later, when those of us who understand only "safe and sane" methods in government will be at home again, and Mr. Bryan will be a saint in the political calen dar. But there is no questiorn that the transeendentalismn of Mr. Bryan has a powerful hold upon the minds of the peo~ple today, and it is useless t rail against it all and to abuse Mr. Bryan as a slave driver of Democra cy. "Mr. 'Bryan has persisted as the central figure of the Democratic p~rty and one of the three or four commanding personalities of the ~country ior twelve years, through two defeats of his own and one pe riod of ess.ay by those in opposition to him to .-ert rid illustrate itself as the du .inant eme;.I or Den razy. I :s time to y .ri dices to *irget predmspos~;: s and to ree !,ize cenditions that are. Mr. P en is a great figure and a vital 1;ree in the politics of this countrv, and he is the established leader ~of the Democratic party. And he will be the next President of the Titedr States."