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I A) U INr APPELT1. E~d itor.
MANNING. S. C.. APRIL 14 1909. PUBLISIIED EVERY WEDNESDAY SUBSCRIPTION RATES: One year...--.....................--- 51 Six m .on -- - - - --.......................- . Foul month - --................... ..... ADVERTISING RZATE!s: One 'quare. one time. t: each subsequent H sertion- 5) cents. Obituarice and Tributes r Respeet charged ,or as regute advertisements iberal contracts made for three. six and twelv Communicattons must oe accornpanied by th, ea name and address of the writer in oruer t< eosive attention. No communication or a personal cnaracte: will be published except as an advertisement. .nte:ed at the Fostof:!cc at Manning as Sec ond Class matter. DOES THE LAW NEED AMENDING? The section of the Alabama -orohibition law, which relates t( the storing or possession o: liquor in any building or apart ment which is inhabited, ha; been declared unconstitutiona by Justice Mayfieid, who holds the Statute to be in conflict vitl the Federal bill of rights. HE also holds that search warrants can only be issued after evidencE has been discovered. We tak this to mean that a man has z right to keep liquor in his house. Statutes to the contrary notwith standing, and that before search warrant can be legall5 issued the officer issuing it musi be put in possession of evidencE that the law has been violated. There is so much uncertaint3 and conflict of opinion about thE prohibitory laws which havE been, and are being enacted, tha1 we would like to see a test casE taken to the Supreme Court o: the United States, and have thc questions solved once and for al time. We have no doubt a Stat< has a right to prohibit the salE and manufacture of alcoholic beverages, but in the enactmeni of such laws, it is frequently the case, zeal over-rides judgment. and there are features of this legislation which need judicia determination. The prohibitory law of thi State, in our opinion, is ver drastic and far reaching. It is violation of the recent Ac passed, to deliver, store, keep ir possession, any spirituous, malt, vinous, fermented, brewed oi other liquors and beverages, o any compound or mixture there of which contains alcohol, and is used as a beverage, and whict if drunk to excess will produc intoxication, except that drug gists may - lawfully sell alcoho for medicinal and scientific pur poses. As we conste e this law. a citizen may have had in his - house, before the law was en acted, wines and brandies. whict he was using as a beverage, anc *there is no question of his right at that time, to have stored. anc in his possession these bever ages. Under the recent Act, i: the law is valid, and it is valid until the contrary has been decid ed, he is now a violator of law and liable to prosecution. Ther< is no dou bt in our mind, -if thi: feature of the law was presentec to the h.ghest legal tribunal, i1 would be declared invalid: this i: no new view with us: we contend ed at the time, this portion of ths Act went too far and afforded at opportunity to manufacture liti gation. It is our judgment, thE Act referred to, would be muel stronger did it confine itself t< the manufacture and sale, with the unreasonable and drastic features left out. What is an alcoholic beverage There are various everyday household articles that can be and are now used as a beverage The drug stores sell various compounds andhnixtures contain ing a larger per cent of alco hol than there is in beer or ever whiskey. Jamacia ginger contains a large volume of alcohol, and is being drunk as a beverage; es sence of lemon used for fiavor, ing contains about '75 per cent, alcohol, and in the absence ol whiskey, is being used as -a bev. erage; malt is a substitute for beer, and from the number ol empty bottles we see lying about, contains more alcohol than pure lager beer. Cologne and othei perfumeries is largely alcohol, and is used as a beverage. There are many compounds and mix tures containing alcohol, thai are fast coming in use as bever ages. It seems to us that a line should be drawn somewhere, as it is, the having in possessior any of these articles above men tioned as containing alcohol, and are used as beverages, is in viola tion of law. A bottle of cologne on a ladie's dresser is as much a violation of law, if the "keeping in possession" feature of our Statute is law, as would be a jug of whiskey kept under a man's bed. Therefore, when we read the announcement of Justice Mayfield's decision on the Ala bama law it was no surprise, and we feel contident the courts of this State will take the same view if ever a case is presented to them. Prohibition bills are now pend ing in the Missouri and Florida legislatures. Helena Mojeska, the famous Polish actress, died in Califor nia last Thursday, at the age of 65 years. Judge T. J. Mackey, who at one time was one of the best known men in the ,State. died in Washington last Thiursday night, WHAT IS AN INCOME The income tax required by the Comptroller General, is giv ing people much concern, and the more that officer attempts to instruct the county auditors, the more confusing do things be come. The Comptroller General construes the law to define an lne(ome tax as being on -the aros and not the net income." What is an income, if it is not that which remains left after all expenses of whatever nature is deducted. To illustrate, if a man has a business which pays him ,;5.000 gross. and the expense of conducting the business is 85,000. he has no income, but under the ruling of the Comp troller General. he must pay a tax on all over a gross income of -2500. A merchant sells $20,000 a year, he takes an inventory, and it discloses a profit of $2,000. i must that merchant regard his gross sales as an income, or his net profit? We have been trying hard to understand this income tax proposition but must confess we are confused. nor do we be lieve the auditors understand it. In our opinion the law is a bad one which needs repeajing. be cause it will only have a ten dency to make more unequal the system of taxation. If the State proposes to collect taxes from Ithose who have a source of in come, it seems to us, it should specify clearly what an income is. There are hundreds of good citizens in this State that do not keern books and really do not know what their income is, they work. pay their debts and go along when thv have no money they borrow. aTsu at the end of the year are very thankful if they have escaped the sheriff, yet some of these do considerable business, amounting to several thousands of dollars. The only truthful auswer to income is, a living. It begins to look as if some of South Carolina's Congressmen are not sticking to the Denver platform as close as they had proclaimed upon the stump, and as the Charleston Post says, "cries of pain may be heard as loud as those provoked by a vig orous application of lumber to hide in the family woodshed." Several of our representatives are inclined to the Republican doctrine of protection on lumber. The appointment of Senator J. C. Otts, as Solicitor to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Sease, who was elected judge, we think a good one. Mr. Otts is a hard worker, a persistent fighter, and we believe will make a capital prosecuting officer. He was the floor leader in the senate for the Prohibitionists. and was largely responsible for the extra week the general assembly had to serve. He is a close student and an earnest speaker. He will be missed from the senate -The 20 per cent duty proposed in the Payne tariff bill on potash salts, has been knocked out, by an amendment providing for this fertilizer ingredient to go on the free list. Congressman Lever led the fight for the farmers, and is now receiving merited praise from all over the State. Had this duty gone on, it would have ma terially increased the cost of kai nit and ootash. Now that it is 'on the f'ree list it is hoped the fertilizer manufacturers will give -to the consumer the benefit, to do otherwise would be a very little less than robbery. Dr. C. W. Blanchard's article on Easter, in last week's issue of THE TIES was very much ap preciated by many of our read ers, some of whom however do not accept the views expressed therein, and would like to see the subject discussed from a different standpoint. Dr. Blanchard is a careful student and when he writes he does so as one with authority, therefore if there is another side to the subject of -Easter it would be interesting as well as educational for our read ers to have it. So, those who do not agree with his conclusions in the article are invited to proceed with the discussion. With the Comptroller General camoring for an income tax, the State, county, schools and towns demanding an increase in valuations, and raising the levy, higher and higher, all manner of demands for contributions of money for this, that, and the other purpose, except for pur poses of real charity, is enough to make the man who has worked hard accummulated a little prop erty wonder where he is at. The tendency of the age appears to be a sapping one. all manner of schemes are evolved to squeeze money out of people, and the re sult is the many pay, and the few profit thereby. The great tariff bill, in which, Congressman Lever added more laurels to his wreath of popular ity by his successful fight against the tariff on potash and kainit, and which will save a vast sum of money to the users of fertil iz ers, has only begun- The House is through with it, and the senate takes it up. The whole South is looking to Senator Smithof South Carolina to get into the thickest1 of this fight, for it is known of all men, that he knows the needs of the farmers, 'nd has the hon esty, ability, and eloquence to fight for their inter-ests. Watch the news fr-om Washington, and we expect Smith to keep the sen-! ate from taking the South's fer tilizer ingredient from the fr-ee. President Harvie Jordan of the rVI Southern Cotton Association, is reported to have said, "the asso ciation is dead." This may beIp true so far as the farmers con- I tributing money to defray the ex penses of the officers, but the seed : sown by the association's agita tion is still bearing fruit. Cotton growers are being treated more fairly than before the organiza tion of the cotton association; the speculators have learned to real ize there are students of the cot ton situation in the South whoI ,vill resist any attempt at fleec ing. While the "association" may not at this time be an active force. so far as meeting andi adopting resolutions is concern ed, it is a powerful force in, that it has educated the farmer to look I more closely to his own inter ests. and not ignorantly permit himself to be monte-banked every year, as has been the case in the past. There are many who are now claiming that unless the Attorney General succeeds in convicting some of the alleged grafters, his work will count for naught, we do not think so. The matter of securing convictions is not with the Attorney General at all, he can only present the evidence, and it is entirely with a jury to say whether the parties charged # shall be convicted. All that can I be expected of General Lyon, is a conscientious performance of duty. this he will do, ahd when he has done that, whether there I has been a conviction or not, the I people will be satisfied with his % part. There is every reason to be lieve the prosecutions will be vig orously pushed, but verdicts of petit juries are uncertain. The power of the State is no longer 2 hampered by the United States courts, although there is no doubt the State would have had a bet ter chance of convicting when theWN cases were fresh in the minds of the people, however, if a jury composed of men with a regard for their oaths can be secured, the law and evidence will be as potent now as it would have been last year. M. W. Floyd. a former state dispensary inspector, is an appli cant for the Spartanburg post mastership, at one time it looked as if he would be successful, he had a strong petition from the 2 citizens of Spartanburg, since $ then, some of the signers have asked for their names to be taken off, because they signed the Floyd petition under the impression that he is a Democrat. It appears how ever, Floyd voted the Republican ticket in the last two national I campaigns, and for that reason, a fight is now being made against his appointment. To ask a Re publican administration to not ap-I% point a man because he is a Re publican is a queer request at least. Mr. Floyd is well known throughout the State. and he is popular; we remember at the re cent session of the legislature he $ was among the ardent workers for the election of Hon. D. E. Hy drick to the associate justiceship, and has always been regarded a good man, and one of the most thorough and reliable men in the1 State's dispensary inspection ser- - vice. If the opponents of Mr. Floyd have nothing stronger to present than that he has been voting the national Republican ticket. the administration will hardly turn him down on that ac count. Up Biefore the Bar. N. H. Brown, an attorney, of Pitts field, Vt., writes: "We have used Dr. King's New Life Pills for years and find them such a good family medicine we wouldn't be without them." For Chills, Constipation, Billiousness or Sick Head ache they wor1k wonders. As all drug- i gists. IOF INTEREST TO FREE MASONS AND THEIRI FRIENDS:t The firm of Chas. M. Stieff and their Southern Manager have donated a magnificient world renowned Stieff Piano to the Masonic Bazaar to be held in the Charlotte Audi torium April 12-13-14-15-1G, 1909, Charlotte, N. C. Tihe money der-ived N from this Bazaar will be used in the erection of a Masonic Temple. a building that will be n a pride to every Mason in the Carolinas. x Don't you want this ousie Aartistic Piano for your ju lodge,- your- home or S your friend's home? If Visit Charlotte dur- Pa ing the Bazzar. Re- I . duced rates on all Rail- T roads. bete Do Address nn C. H. WILMOTHI, "ror Ch. Music Committee rlasonics Bazaar. 'the durit Chas, M1 Stieff f~ Scouki Manufacturer of the abou Artistic Stieff Shaw and Stieff back Selfplayer Pianos. vm ner Southern Wareroom cent: 5 W- Trade St., State Re Charlotte. - - N. C. take c. wn.MOTlI, I MeManager. - 4' 41 41 4' 41 4 .4 14 L 41 -4 .4 -4 14 14 .4 14 .4 -4 .4 ,4 14 '4 '4 14 04 14 .Closing Oul 04 14 04 04 '40 Goin Everyarticle will be, .4. haebe'aiigfr '4 P i An'ht4sC STP I stc's4od AT I l sing O uleMutRcgnz n '4edIt hE vereysttrticlendwidimene ~ stockMofgClothing Show war of rtdisposed orf gefore oncesina n hav e eat workiinMar e etAnn~asd h atso PersT Peradi(s backack pinsog myThomtrildncu '4' ttmsIwssolm htiH m , idsN s ta oa eIilsa r> Bad ae ucn n ill atoeoe fodelr .t rie 50rq clsn u s l in . Foster-Milbu rnr.,Bufao York, Peole agent feognze nd tmebe the namece--ons-an if othe tr.i nelh- gS rn .chIrena, Surch St.,pan-Wso telag S.Cingy' ons ide u~istinldn etee NG UTU ALEl COST!e Business! Sto Leave Town! sold at ACTUAL COST!I My entire ~s, Dry Goods, Hats, Etc., must be ave. This is the oppoftunity you gi~ :e to Every One* ~ 3E ! Sale will continue until entire IBER THE PLACE. A brams, IJNING, S. C. PLAY BALL, BOYS ! '11. SEE OUR GRAND EXPOSI*ION OF THE ilinery. Famous A. J. Reach Co.'s t ishans ann~n fFen C eainat_ Baseball Goods. ~t collction o Trm e We are agents tor these popular Goods and handle Fre c on arit.Te Dsthediscounss nd other advantages, whch enables us to act reproductions of the sell at me instances modified to E ock- Bottom Prices leChip Melaie, Java,.= v, Rough Jap and China, Leghorn. BR8ne umiUnI oi.9 Catcher's Mitts, from 25c. to $5.00; Fielder's Gloves umafrom 25c. to $4.50 Masks, from$$1.00 to $2.50; Balls, fro eel aTo e Pltes; fcreo oks Gude,&c.tc SManning Grocery Co. On Levi Block-"The Busy Street."