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VOL. XXIII __ MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 28, 1909 NO.36
TWO ARE DEAD As a Result Of an Accident or a Lumber Road RAN INTO A HAND CAR In the Darkness, Killing Mr. James Carmichael and David Lewis Out right, and Causing Injury to Three , Other Persons, All of Whom Were on the Hand Car. A special dispatch from Mullins to The State says Thursday night about 10 o'clock news reached the city of the awful wreck of the log ging crew employed by the Mullins Lumber Company, Messrs. H. 0. and S. H. Schoolfield, proprietors. The physicians of the town were hastily summoned and telegrams were sent to Marion for others. The news soon spread and many citizens hast ened to the scene to render such aid as they could. The accident happened about two miles northeast of Mullins and was caused by a misunderstanding of or ders. The mill keeps a crew of about six men in the woods and these usually are the last of the working force to leave for the night, when they return on the hand car. The engine usually makes three loads of logs from the woods each day, but, owing to an unavoidable delay, the third trip was after dark. The woods crew under Foreman A. C. Smith waited for the engine and finally decided that as it was so late the engineer had abandoned his last trip and set out for town. On the hand car were six men, Mr. James Carmichael and Mr. A. C. Smith and Davied Lewis, Walter James, Delaware Murray and Jim Spain, colored. Mr. Carmichael was sitting on the front of the car. The road being very bad at that section and the hour late the hands who were at the crank were working hard and the car was rapidly moving along. The engine, in charge of Engineed Rhoades, was backing down for the woods with 18 empty flats when it likewise was endeavoring to make up lost time. There was .no light on the cars as the engine was backing. It was dark and the noise of the hand car made it,impossible for the men to notice the danger until it was upon them. Of the six men only one, Jim Spain, escaped unhurt, and his es cape was nothing short of a miracle. Spain said that he jumped just as the cars came together, the flat car striking his foot. As quickly as pos sible he ran over to where his com rades lay buried under the wreck age. The first one he reached was James Carmichael. He picked him up in his arms and saw that he was dead. He was rushed and mangled fear fully. Mr. Carmichael's neck, arms and legs were broken and was other-: wise disfigured. He then went to Mr. Smith, who had a broken leg and was internally injured. Dave' Lewis, colored, was crushed inter nally and had an arm broken. Lew-I is died soon after the accident. Walter James, colored, had a broken lg and other injuries. Delaware Murray, also colored. received some painful, if not fatal, injuries in the side and arm. Every thing possible was done for the sur ivors. The Messrs. Schoolfie'ld per sonaly attended to their needs. Much sympathy is expressed for these gen tlemen as they seem to regret the accident so much. Their wiv~es have also -ministered to the wants of the sufferers all day and are much af fected. To just what extent Mr. Smith is injured is not known. Physicians have been with him constantly since the accident and have done all in their power to relieve his sufferings. Mr. Carmichael was buried this afternoont at 3 o'clock at Miller's cemetery. Just two weeks ago yesterday Mr. Carmichael was married to Miss Sa ie Oliver, of Marion, and to the young bride the tenderest sympathies of the community go out. She has not lacked for attention and con dolence, for hundreds of friends hav-e mingled their tears with hers over the sad fate which befell the noble young man to whom she had plighted her faith and love just two weeks ago to the day. She returned to her former home in Marion, accompanied by her father, sister and brother. Mr. Carmichael was a very popular young man, which was manifested by the large concourse of friends who attended the funeral, which was per haps the largest assemblage ever gathered for a like occasion in this section. DATLIGHT ALL THE TIE. Inventor to Erect Powerful Lenses in the Air. According to a special from Peters burg, Ind., to the Baltimore Amern can, after 10 years of persistent ef fort, David R. Nicely has perfectec an arrangement by which he believe the day can be made 24 hours lon'g and he has applied for patents. H has made concave and convex lense of enormous size, which he will plac on towers 1.000 feet high, at a dis tance of 100 miles apart, and witl these he expects to supply'dayligh many hours after night has faller In order to keep the lenses at a pror er angle a clock work apparatus to be provided, and, with the leuse so focused as to let the light in cot centrated rays pass from one to th other, he expects to give dayligl all the time. DO NOT NEED IT ALDRICH TAUNTS PROTECTIOl DEMOCRATS. Said Cotton Seed Oil MeR Wante Protection and Senator Tillmat Made Characteristic Reply. In the United States Senate or Wednesday cotton seed oil was the subject of a:, exchange of opinion between protectionist, Republicazc and tariff-for-revenue Democrats Taunting members of the minority by stating that the cotton seed oil industry of the South had appealed to him for tariff protection, Senator Aldrich suggested to Mr. Bacon that if the Senator from Georgia and oth er Southern States should get to gether in favor of placing that pro duct on the free list, as'was the case when the bill passed the House of Representatives, he thought an agreement to that effect might be reached. This suggestion had been called forth by a statement by Mr. Bacon, who said if the 25 per cent ad valorem levied on importations of cotton seed oil did not produce an income he thought it should go on the free list. Senator Simmons, of North Caro lina, protested against such action, declaring that he was free to aay that he was not in favor of placing cotton seed oil on the free list. Stating that the importation of cotton seed oil in 1908 was 202 gallons, worth $81, and yieldng a revenue of $8.28, Mr. Aldrich said the tax on that article was "for pro tection, pure and simple." "Any pretence," declared Mr. Till man, rising In his place and speak ing in vigorous langauge, "that there is protection on cotton seed oil through such a duty is a humbug. Cotton seed oil producers do not want any protection at all." Mr. Aldrich said he had been ap pealed to by such producers from the South, and Mr. Tillman retorted that lie "did not represent such peo ple." Mr. Money joined in a declaration that the South did not want protec tion on cotton seed oil CHILD FED TO HOGS. Incensed Because Step-Mother Left Him at Home. Incensed because his step-mother. had left him at home, near Opeloua as. La., in charge of his young step brothers and sisters for the day, Tom Godfrey, a 12-year-old negro boy, fed the youngest of his eharge to the hogs, and later, with an axe. inflicted what will probably prove fatal wounds on the heads of the other children. Three children were injured. The step-mother reported the triple crime today to the parish authorities and Tom was palced in jail at Opelousas She says she found the baby in the pen with the hogs when she returned home late yesterday. Its hands and feet had been eaten off, but it was still alive. She straightway whipped Tom and when she went for a doctor to attend the baby. Tom seized ar. axe and at tacked his six-year-old step-brother, inflicting several deep wounds. His young step-sister interferred and he .rushed her skull with the ave. The girl is dying, and the other two children have little chance for re covery. A FIENDISH WOMAN Pleaded Guilty to Torturing Her Little Child. Under sentence of six months mm prisonent and a fine of $500, Mrs. Joseph Sager, wife of a physician of Celina, 0.. a few days ago became an Inmate of the Toledo Work House. Mrs. Sager pleaded guilty to the charge of torturing her ten-year-old adopted daughter. A few days ago. the child's teacher found many burns n the little girl's back and legs. 'n investigation was made and as a. result Mrs. Sager was arrested. The child said her foster mother had recently used a red-hot poker n her as a mea-is of punishment U~nless Mrs. Sager's fine is paid she .vill be compelled to remain in th-e work house nearly a year. H ANGED AT HAMPTON. Negro Man Swung for Murderina~ Negro Woman. Dan Robertson, colored, was hang ed at Hampton Friday for the mur der of Eliza Hunter, colored, at th4 depot there last February at .exactly 12:54 and in 28 minutes the mar was pronounced dead by Dr. C. A Rush. county physician, the fal breaking his neck. While the negr< was being led to the scaffold he seem ed to be perfectly willing to die an! id not show any fear or excit'emen at all, claiming that he killed the wo man in self-defence. NEGRO DESPERADO KILLED. Shot to Death While Stalking Intend ed Victim. While trying to stalk Harvey Dui 3den a white man, whom he ha sworn to k-ill. Allen Bush. a negr -desperado wanted for several allej ed murders and attempted murder Swas shot to death by Durden at t'h 5latter's home at Grayment, Ga., -Friday. Bush has been hunted fC Ctwo months but took to the swamI .tand defied aget He created snmal rini oftrror in this county. THEY WILL MOVE Southern Powers Company Lo cates in Columbia LEAVES CHARLOTTE Because of What it Construes to Be Hostile Legislation on the Part of the City Government-Will Mean Much for This Section of South Carolina. For some time past there have been rumors afloat that there was a possibility amounting to a strong probability that the general offices of the Southern Power Company would be lost to Charlotte, and the Indica tions were that Columbia would se cure them. When it was first talked about the people of Charlotte de rided the idea that the Institution would seek a--hew home for its head quarters. The -newspapers had car toons making sport of Columbia. The Columbia State says a day or two ago a prominent business man of Columbia was in Charlotte. and in conversation with Mr. -W. H. Twit ty, cashier of the Charlotte National Bank, was told that it was an open secret that it had been definitely de termined to transfer the offices to Columbia. Since then it seems information has been given out from the man agement itself that the step had been decided upon, and that within the next eight or ten months conditions would so shape themselves as to ad mit of making the permanent remov al to Columbia. There are two principal reasons given for the contemplated action of this great corporation. The first is stated to b'e that the new charter of the city of Charlotte empowers the board of public works to regulate public service corporations, with es pecial reference to rates to consum ers. This action, it is claimed, has the effect to Interfere with the sale of bonds, and the company felt that is rights and privileges have been so impaired as to make it expedient for them to relieve themselves of their public utilities franchise. The second reason assigned Is that the power at Lang's shoals on the Catawba river about 28 miles from Columbia is the next property to be developed, and that therefore, Columbia is the logical place for th6 establishment of its offices, being so much nearer the point of opera tions. This company, which is rated at $11,000,000. has acquired all the riparian rights along the Wateree nd Catawba to within 15 or 18 miles of Camden, and less than 30 iles cross-country from Columbia, and their plants are of enormous magnitude. On the line of water power de elopment Indicated, ti-- Wateree and atawba, there are now six valu able properties that are owned by this company. On the Wateree canal ust above Camden there is a fall of 4,376 square miles, gIving 20,000 borsepower when developed. At Rocky creek, Great falls and Fishing creek are other powers be longing to this corporation that have total fall of 173 feet. Of these the :evelopment of Great falls has re ently been completed and that of the others will follow as the de mand for power warrants. The amount ;of 'horsepower de veloped at Great falls is 32,000, with a probable total when developed of 67.000 horsepower. Rock creek and Fishing creek will afford 15.000 and 20,000 horsepower respectively. At Landsford, near Lancaster, an other power belonging to this com pany there is a fall of 40 feet, drain ing an area of 3.425 square miles and affording energy of 12,000 horse power, as yet undeveloped. At Rock Hill, on the Catawba, the company has a 10,000 horsepowe" plant in operation. supplying power to Rock Hill, Fort Mill, Pineville Charlotte. At Niney-Nine Island, on the Broad river, is a plant having a 51. foot fall, the full development ot which is now under way. This pow er will form one of several powers b .onging to this company which gu!l be electrically connected by a sys tem of transmission lines furnish ing power to all ,the large towns In the northern central part of this State and to a number of towns In North Carolina. The coming of the Southern Pow er Company to Columbia will mean there will soon be located there also offices of the large electrical machn ery and manufacturing concerns, which will augment the business of the city to a considerable extent. The office force of the company will be a valuable acquisition to the city and to them fair Columbia ex tends the glad hand of a cordial wel come. The acquisition will not only be in the fact that all of the force -are high salaried people, but that Columbia society will have a wel come addition to its ranks. Bryan Will Speak. A Tallahassee dispatch says Speak er Farris, of the Florida House of Representatives, Mon day received a commn1fiction from Win. J. Bryan aaccepting the invitation tendered ohim to address the Legislature. Tragedy in Virginia. A special from Gate City, 'Va., asays: Isaae Folk, 22 yea.rs old, was irshot and killed early Monday by SGarland Comnpton, near Owens Chap ael. The shooting followed a fight between the men. TRIES ONCE MORE STARTS ON EIGHTH JOURNEY FOR HIS RACHEL. Arthur Burke, of Millsberry, Mass., Goes to Montreal to Propose to His "Heart's Dc.' Jacob served seven years for Rachel, then seven years more. Then he got her and served still another seven years for good meas ure. Now comes a modern Jacob-a Massachusetts Jacob-who has cheerfully served three times seven years without getting his Rachel. Every three years for 21 years, Arthur Burke, of Millsberry. Mass., has journeyed to Monthaal to ask the question: "Will you marry me now?" Every time the answer has been No." Sometimes there was a laugh accompanying the word, sometimes a sigh, sometimes she he tated as though reluctant to refuse the devo tion so liberally offered. But in the end the answer has always been "No." Now Burke is off on his eighth ove pilgrimage. He is as light hearted and confident as he was the irst time. "Somehow I think this is the ime," he told his. intimate friends >efore he started. "I think this time he'll say yes." Burke was a young man just urned 30 when the st!runge cou't hip began. Now he is a middle ged man of 51. His iiair is turn ng gray, his step is less elastic. Who the Rachel is, Burke won't ell. He will describe her in glow ng terms, but the words he uses Lren't the ones which would aid a ertillon bureau to find her. To uim she is sweet and pretty as when , sober-eyed slip of a girl in her eens, she listened to the old love tory. She, too, in the lapse of time, nust have rounded out to mature omanhood, but you can't make gal ant, gray-haired Arthur Burke, who ias loved her for years, believe this. Burke carr'ed his bri.lEgroom'a lothes in his grip. "There's lots f opportunities you lose by not be ng ready for 'em," he argued. "If he says the word, I won't give her ny time to change her mind. We'll .urry to the nearest church." Before he left Millsberry, Burke ketched the history of, his Marathon vooing. "I went up to Montreal on busi ess 21 years ago," he said. "There met her. I fell in love at sight. Ythin a week I proposed. She urned me down, but so sweetly that didn't feel discouraged. I told ier I would come back again. She iughed. "Business affairs interfered with y plans. I wasn't able to return 'or three years. Then I asked her gain. Again she refused me. ight there I told herI would come ack every three years unless she arried someone else. "She laughed again. I guess she idn't believe me, didn't realize how uch I wanted her. She must know t by this time. "Now I'm going back again. This ie I think I will win. The last ie she almost consented. She Ia ore beautiful in my eyes now than e was 21 yeari' ago. I'm going o tell her so. She has stayed single all th's time. 'That's a goo . iign." MUST GO TO JAIL. L Charleston Blind Tiger Gets in Trouble. Nicholas Kantos, the alleged Char eston blind tiger, says the Columbia cord, who was ordered to appear wfore the supreme court to show ~ause why he should not be attached for contempt-the attorney general iaving charged him with violation f an injunction restraining him from the further sale of liquor-and who failed to so appear, though he had cepted at Rock Hill the service of the court's summons, was a few days ago by per curiam order sentenced to pay a fine of $500 and serve three 1onths in jail. Kantos is the second Charleston tiger to feel the heavy weight of th? ourt's displeasure, in connection with these liquor injunctions. James P. Carroll is now serving in the Charleston county jail a sentence of six months' confinement. H-e was ordered to pay a fine of $500 and serve three months or in lieu of the fine to serve three months additional. MISSING MAN FOUND. Dead Body Found in a Field Near His Home. The discovery by a small boy of a human foot protruding from a field near Walthourville, Ga., Fr'iday led to the finding of the body of W. M Faulling. with two bullet holes in his head. A large sum of money he had in his pockets when he dis appeared on March 25 was missing. Faulling had left his home on that day to go to the postoffice at Wal thourville. He was not seen again and when his body was found the letter he intended mailing was found in his pocket. .Whole Village Razed. A special dispatch from Athens s vs that telegrams received there jf. m Mersina set forth that fully 10,000 person's were killed in the anti-Christian rioting of the last few days. In the Adana and Tarsus dis tricts entire villages were raised. and thntry is a s.moking wilder CHOOSE DEATH RATHER THAN GO TO A CELL IN JAIL FOR CRIME. The Noted Dr. Rosa Monnish of At lanta Kills Herself Rather Than Serve Sentence. Preferring the chill of the grave A to the chill of a prison cell, and the shroud to the garb of a convict, Dr. Rosa S. Monnish, of Atlanta, drank prussic acid and died an hour after she had been sentenced to serve two years in the Federal penitentiary at Leavenworth, Kansas. Deputy Unit ed States marshals, in whose charge PI she had been placed, found her after b they had broken open the door to her of room. ti Mrs. Monnish has been more or si less in the public eye in the South 1 for several years. She built a sani- oi tarium in the most aristocratic' part ai of Atlanta a few years ago, despite w the efforts of neighbors to prevent si the opening of the place. Later her ni methods came under the scrutiny of ti the postoffice Inspectors, but it was of not until she had trouble with her ba husband that the officers could get us evidence against her. They charge her with sending im- 15 proper and threatening letters to a in young woman and secured her con- ce viction. Her attorneys applied for th a new trial, and it was overruled in by Federal Judge Newman, who at ea nce sentenced Dr. Monnish to serve N( ne year and one day In prison, and in to pay a fine of $1,000 on each of 3, two counts. Dr. Monnish fainted when the sen tence was imposed, but recovered and h sked to go to her home. The of- th ficers consented, simply stipulating as that they lock her in her room and remain on guard outside. While her Al tttorneys were preparing an appeal Ai bond she accompanied the officers in Al a cab to her home, and went to her Ba -oom. About 2 p.m. the guards call- Ba d to her to come to luncheon. Re- Be :eiving no reply, they forced the door B nd found their aged prisoner dead C )n her bed. Cb Dr. Monnish was sixty years of Cb ge, and besides her husband, also Cl i physician, she leaves a daughter, Cl Jeannette, aged 13. Cc Da WHEN TURKISH SULTAN DIES Dc - Ed Fa wenty-three Guns Will Be Fired at Fl Demise. G - Gr "Not a Christian in Turkey trusts Gr :he Sultan, and very few of his own Ha )eople do, either. His death would H( >e welcomed by all missionaries." %f This statement was made by Miss La Wary L. Braffan, of Andover, Mass., La i teacher In Sivas Normal School at Le Zivas, Turkey, who' is at present in Le ew York on a vacation. M "You know," she continued. "when Mi he Sultan dies, twenty-three guns Ne ill be fired. Whenever a cannon is 0< red in Constantinople the people all 01 ~top work and begin to count. Some- Pi imes when fifteen, or twenty shots Ri re fired, the tension is very great Sa or with just so many more there'll Sp e no Sultan. Yes, I understand St 23' is a joking number in New York. UI ut it Is true, nevertheless, and we W ant the '23' as soon as possibe in Y< urkey." - *Cl DISPENSARY CO3rLISSION. he- Vacancies on It Filled by the ta Governor. Governor Ansel Fricny appointed Mr. J. 5. Brice, formerly senator di rom York county, and author of the St Brice act, and Mr. A. N. Wood. a mill in nan and banker of Gaffney, members f the dispensary winding up com.- s ission to take the places of Messrs. si . K. Henderson and B. F. Arthur JU af Union, who resigned to accept al receivership positions by Judge b3 Pritchard's appointment. There were se number of applications for the po- ni sitons, and quite a lot of writing ii to the governor from different parts flu of the State in the interest of the ty candidates. Messrs. Brice and Wood cC did not apply for the position. * t1 Hanging at Chester. ai Negro Executed for Killing Two Ne- ec si gro Women. Lawson Addison, colored, was hanged Friday at Chester for the murder of two negro women at a 9 church, near Lowryville, this county, B in August, 1908. The killing for which Addison was hanged today 9 was one of the most brutal crimes ever committed in this county. It0 took place near a church while serv ices were in progress. Addison met the two women on the highway while they were going to the church, which 1 Addison had arbitrarily forbidden. On sight of them he Immediately opened fire and thie women fell on the public road within a few feet of each oth-er. a BOY WEARS TAG. ti n c Crossing Ocean and Continent With r Sweets Barred. a A sturdy 7-year-old English lad, 11 carrying a big basketful of eatables 'I started from New York for Bisbee. s Ariz., recently on the second andI 'I last stage of a lonesome journey t from England, says a New York special to the Philadelphia Record. Pinned to the boy's coat was a big tag reading: "This boy Is going to a loving mother in Arizona. Treat s in as you would have your own boy |r treated. Don't give him any jam."' I The boy. Jimmy Holland, who came to New York Saturday on the Teu-( tonic. is traveling in care of the WILL BE PAID he Pension Board Has Complet ed Its Work OUCHERS SENT OUT ad Pensioners Will Soon Get Their Money-There Ane Nine Hundred and Fifty on the List, the Pen sions Amounting to $247,702.50. Spartanburg Leads as Usual. The State pension board has com eted its work and the vouchers are ing sent out to the various clerks Courts for settlement in the coun s. This year there are 9,504 pen oners, an increase over 1908 of 8. The total amount to be paid t this year is $247,702.50, out of L appropriation of $250,000. It 11 be recalled that at the last ses >n of the Legislature there were a imber of resolutions relative to ar cial limbs, these being paid out the limb fund, which Is turned .ck to the pension fund when not ed up. In the list of pensioners there are 1 in Class A, each receiving $96; Class B, there are 171, each re iving $72; in No. 1 of Class C, ere are 690, each receiving $48; No. 2 of Class C, there are 4,044, ch receiving $19.75; in Class C. . 3, there are 719, each receiv $48; in Class C, No. 4. there are 738, each receiving $19.75. Pensions by Counties. The following is a list of the num r and amount of the pensions in e counties, Spirtanburg leading, usual: County. Number. Amount. ibeville ......163 $ 4,424.00 ken .. ..... 368 9,218.50 tderson .....531 15,002.50 ,mberg ..... 81 2,283.25 .rnwell ..... 171 4,199.25 aufort ..... 50 1,015.75 rkeley ..... 137 3,321.50 houn .. .. .. 36 896.00 arleston .. 230 5,014.25 ester . . ....153 4,596.50 esterfield .. 257 6,630.75 rendon ... 122 3,316.25 lieton .. .. .. 359 9,564.50 *rlington .. 218 5,712.25 *rchester .. 121 2,836.00 gefield .. ... 129 3,607.00 rfield ..... 128 3.543.50 rence ..... 207 4,804.25 orgetown .. . 1.399.75 eenville...... 559 14.314.25 eenwood .. 131 . -,676.25 .mpton . ....213 5,105.00 rry .. .. ... 277 5,881.75 rshaw .. ... 148 3,781.75 ncaster .. ....248 6,381.00 urens .. .. .. 274 7,897.25 e .. .. .... 127 3,402.25 xington .. . . 282 7,918.25 tron .... ...260 6,505.75 rlboro....... 151 3,723.75 werry .......148 4,581.75 onee .........272 7,339.50 angeburg .. .199 4,643.50 kens ........249 6,313.25 chlated ........369 9,943.75 luda .. ... 158 4,544 25 artanburg ... 774 20,287 75 iter .........156 4,073.75 ion ..........238 6,495.53 liiiamsburg . .. 184 4,898.00 irk ..........316 8,482.50 erokee ..... ..217 6,064.00 Total .. .....9,504 $247,702.50 Pension Requirements. The requirements in order to ob n a pension are as follows: (A) If a man: 1st. That he was a bona fide sol r or sailor in the service of the ate or in the Confederate States the War Between the States; 2d. Either (a) that while in such rvice he lost a leg or arm, of ;ht, or received other bodily in ry whereby he has become dis led, or that he is totally disabled paralysis, and, neither him f nor his wife has an ither himself nor his wife has an come exceeding one hundred and ty dollars per annum, nor proper sufficient to produce such an in me; or (b) that he has reached e age of sixty years, and~ that either he nor his wife is receiving annual income of seventy-five dol rs from any source, nor possess .of property sufficient to produce ch an income. (B) If a woman' 1st. That she is the widow of a an who was a bona fide soldIer or ilor in the service of the States or the Confederate States in the War 3tween the States; and 2d. That she has never remarried. ,having remarried, Is again a wid SHOOTS HERSELF. oung Woman im Spkrtanburg Attempts Suicide. Miss Hattie Plumbey, daughter of prominent farmer In the upper ection of Spartanburg county, at ~mpted suicide late yesterday after oon by shooting. After milking the aws she entered a closet in her yom and closing the door, behind er placed a pistol at hor left breast d fired, the ball passing near her eart and shattering her shoulder. he arm had to be amputated at the boulder. It is thought she will die, 'he only explanation she offered was bat she wanted to kill herself. Tots on Long Trip. On a steamer leaving New York Eednesday were Gertrude and Eliz beth Gush, ten and five years old, espectively, who are beginning the a~st lap of a journey of more than ,000 miles to join their father at ~onzales, Texas. On Saturday they eached New York from England, av.. made t+e trip naaccompanied. BLOW AT THE SOUTH BAGGING AND TIES TAX ED BY REPUBLICANS. Senators Bailey and Aldrich Lock Horns in a Short Debate on Tariff. The consideration of the duty on gas retors in the Senate Thursday caused an oratorical explosion. The committee on finance had increased the rates on these articles from $3 as provided in the house bill to 30 per cent ad valorem, the new duty -being on large retorts three times the amount levied by the h -use bill and the present law. This course was denounced by Mr. Bailey- as evidence of failure on the part of the 'Republican party to keep faith with the people in their de mand for a revision of the tariff downward. Mr. Bailey read from President Taft's inaugural address to show that he had favored lower duties and Mr. Aldrica responded 'that the pending bill proposed to fulfill that pledge ab solutely. "I have heard it said,"' added Mr. Bailey, "that the present administra tion aims as one of its chief accom plishments to disrupt the solid South, and it is endeavoring to accomplish that result by flattering the weak men among us in the South by con ceding to them an Invitation to the White House or by giving them a portion of the patronage of the country. "The president wastes his time and wastes his breath when he gives heed to those men who tell him that they can disrupt the South,' he said. "There is in the South today, as there was before the war, a senti ment that is not Democratic. In the olden times they were Whigs and in this day they are Republi :ans. But some of them are asham d of their associates down there." Mr. Bailey said he deprecated the effort of the Republican party to in the South by appealing to selfish nterests. "At the same time," he said, 'this bill is full of sectional discrimina :Ions. The farmer's binding twine is laced on the free list, but in this ery same bill the bagging of the :otton planter is highly protected. rhat costs the cotton planter of the outh yearly more than $1,250,000, and that burden should be lifted rom his - shoulders, even if every 'actory of the cotton hagging trust ;hould be compelled to close. If you vant to find a way to the hearts of ur people of tha South, do not :reat them unjustly." Senator McLaurin, declaring that :he duty on cotton ties is extortion >n the cotton farmers and is not a :ariff for revenue, announced his in :ention of offering an amendment to lace cotton ties on the free list. Despite the contention of so-called experts, he said, the duty adds 50 :ents a bale to the cost of bagging nd tying cotton, which he said is , tax on the cotton farmer who re :eives no protection on his produot. TORNADO SWEEPS OHIO. Death and Ruin in Wake of Ter rible Storm. Probably four deaths, scores of persons injured and hundreds of thousands of dollars' worth of dam ge marked the path of a tornado. which passed across thie northern part of Ohio at noon Wednesday. The storm consumed only five minutes in passing a given point, but during that brief period it was as dark as night, hail battered in win dos, lightning set fire to hundreds of buildings, one-fifth of an inch of rain fell, and the wind, which reach ed a velocity of sixty-six miles an hour, razed buildings and chimneys, tore off roofs, laid low many tele graph and telephone lines and de molished traffic upon the steam and electric railawys. . In neighboring towns considerable damage was done. Ten dwellings were reported to have been blown to the ground in the southwestern part of the city. Many homes were burned, as the fire department could not attend to all of the calls. An unidentified young woman Is reported to have been thrown 'into a pond at Wade Park by the force of the wind and drowned. Three men are reported to have been killed by falling walls in the flats. St. Stanisians Catholic Church was demolished. The loss there was up wards of $100,000. KINGS COME HIGH. Alfonso Receives Sixteen Times as Much as Taft. A recent compyication of the mon eys paid to the members of the royal families of Spain. including the King. shows that His Majesty re ceives a salary more than sixteen times greater than that given the President of the United States. The total of $'1,540,533 paid by Spain to its royalty annually fs di vided as follows: King Alfonso, $1211.638; Queen Victoria, $77, 892: Prince of the Austrias, the two year-old heir to the throne, $86,547; Infants Maria Teresa, sister of the King. $25,964; Infant Isabel, aunt, $43,273; Infant Paz, aunt, $25,964, Infanta Eulalia, aunt, $25,964, and the Queen. mother, $43.2 73. Senator Tillman on Guard. Senator Tillman has returned to Washington and was in his seat in the Senate Monday morning. No Senator paid closer attention to the statemen t delivered by Senator Al drich than the South Carolina Sen NEGRO FAILS To Establish Successful Govern ment in Liberia AFTER GIVEN START The Government Founded Over in Africa by the United States for the Advancement of the Negro Falls Hopelessly Flat and Must Be Taken in Charge. Shouldering one more'task of the White Man's burden, the United States government will send three commissioners to Liberia next Sat urday with the object of ascertaining by what means and in what manner the little black republic on the west coast of Africa can be maintained In her independence and the country as a nation Improved generally in the administration of its government, the development of its natural- wealth and the elevation of Its citizenship. The task is assumed by this gov ernment primarily for the reasdn that Liberia was established and- set in motion as a Independent republic by the United States because of Congressional acts almost a century ago, affecting the slave trade and ne gro immigration to -Africa - at the Instance of American colonization societies. The commission will leave on the ew scout cruise squadron made up of the Birmingham, Chester and Sa [em recently placed in commission and is expected to make the trip -6o Sonrovia, the capital and sea port 3f Liberia by way of the Azore Is lands. The comtnission is scheduled to remain in Africa about six or ?ight weeks during which time .they will confer with all the Liberian government officials,- foreign repre sentatives and residents and inquire into any and every thing which night assist them in formulating a omprehensive report to their home government. The present step of the American overnment Is viewed with the ut nost satisfaction by both Great Brit tin and France who have possessions n either side of Liberia, as.they be ieve they at last see an end of the )order disorders and the unsatisfac :ory condition generally which have. misted in the republic for some years ,ast. To Great Britain especially is - he appointment of the commission rceptable because it will undoubted y relieve her of taking possible dras dc action in collecting the 'bonded ndebtedness which a number of her itizens have coming to them from he Liberian government. Probably he only world power which might id some cause for dissatisfaction in 3ermany. This country practically :ontrols the fo.-eign trade of Liberia, )wns a perfect rubber monopoly and runs things commercially just about is she desires. A great deal has been written and said about Liberia since the passage >f the act by Congress In the early - ,art of March providing for the ap pointment of the commission and the ppropriation of $20,000 to carry on its work at the instance of former iecretary Root, and especi'ally has this been true of 'the country's nat ural mineral wealth and the vast and valuable agricultural opportuni ties, both neglected by the inhabi tants primarily through sheer lazi ess and secondary because of the lack of capital. So rich was Liberia been said to be by those who are in a position to speak intelligently, that it is esti mated the countr3 eild support a population of 20,000,000 persons and at the same time sustain a very ' arge export trade in coffee, tobacco, cocoa, rubber, palm oil, palm kernels, passave, mahogany, canwood and other tropical products. At the pres ent time Liberia has a population of about 1,700,000 persons of which not more than 30,000 can be truly said to be cvilized, her foreign trade hov ers about $300,000 annually, but about which there is no, absolute cer tainty and the administration of her officials about the weakest, most In capable and Irresponsible Imagina ble. Reports from the seventy odd White persons in the country, including a number of missionaries, confirm the statements of the absolute incompe tency of the courts, their corruption, the corruption of the legislative branches of the government, the cus torn officials and the chronic dread of work from one end of the land to the other. The schools, or rather the few institutions which bear that name are the worst possible excuses for places of learning and the moral ideas of the inhabitants .seem to be sinking to a lower and lower ebb year by year until in some localities they arc not far removed from-those of the aborigines with whom.- many of the Liberians have inter-married. A comparison of Liberia with the British colony of Sierra Leone and the French Ivery coast colony, Its neighbors, is really pathetic because of their vast superiority In every respect, even though Liberia: pos sesses the richest territory of teh three, and is the source of humilia tion to the small number of men in the republic who seem to be strug gling almost against fate to hold the country together within bounds of the world' powers' approval. Pelzer Mill Hand Drownled. S. C. Buckner, of Pelzer, was drowned a few days ago in the river near Mill No. 4, at Pelzer. Buck ne- was in swimming, and in at tem~ipting to kwim across the river ecamne exba-:rted, and before aid e.uld re.ab him was drowned. He was a mil opeative.