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VO0L. XI V _MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMNBER 5 99N.
SAYS COOK LIED
When He Claimed to Have Been
to the North Pole
PEARY'S VAIN BOAST
That BM Aloe. Beached the Goal
is No5 Strange, Bu t is Not
.meepted as True by Mauy Scien
tic Men, Who Award the HoMr
to Cook Al=e.
The lie was hurled Wednesday
concering the discovery of the North
Pole. and the foundation laid for
a controversy unparalleled in his
tory. Commander Robert E. Peary
is makin uncertain progress south
ward off the coast of Labrador in
his shlp, the Roosevelt, but there
came from him Wednesday a mes
sage as direct as his homeward jour
ney has been slow. It challenges
the veracity of Dr. Frederick A.
Cook. of Brooklyn. and further com
plicates a situation which the whole
world is discussing
In effect Peary discredits Cook's
claims with the intimation that he
(Peary) and he alone. planted the
American flag at the North Pole
on April 6, 1909. and that Dr. Cook
who asserts that he ukfurled the
flag at the pole on April 21. 1908.
must substantiate his claims.
Pearys statement reflecting on Dr.
Cook's achievement came 97st to
the Associated Press early Wednes
day morning. dated Indian Harbo-.
Laborador. the point through whicz
he first reported his success by wire
les. It had probably been delayed
In transmisson and read as follows:
"I have naled the Stars and
Stripes to the North Pole- This is
authoritative and correct. Cook's
story should not be taken to serious
ly. The two Eskimos who accom
panied him say that he went no dis
tance north. and not out of sight
ot land.- Other members of the
tribe corroborate their story."
To the Associated Press Peary had
sent the dispatch. replying to an
urgent request for an authoritative
statement and some comment con
crning Dr. Cook. While Peary's
assertion is of a nature that makes
Dr. Cooks position one of defence.
the Brooklyn explorer yet has sup
porters both at home and abroad.
Many of the Continental scientists
are marking time, pending develop
ments. while those who have formed
no decided opinions in this country
have assumed a similar stand.
STANDS BY COOK.
Oe et Peary's oemet Surgeous
Dr. Thos. H. Dedrick, of Washing
ton. N. J.. who was surgeon of the
Pesry expedition in 1898-1902.
promptly came to the support of
Dr-. Cook Wednesday. He said:
'The charge (referring to Peary's
statement) may lesson Mr. Cooks
andin In popular estimation until
his defence can be heard, but the
scientific world winl be affected only
by scientifie discrepancies. Dr.
Cook will undoubtedly have scien
tific records and observations with
out Eskimo proof.
-if Eskimo proof is needed. there
are enough admirers of fair play In
the world to send impartial Inter
preters to the tribe."
analyzing the Eskimo character.
Dr. Dedrick Is inclined t think them
unreliable. -with 'a temperament
which would lead him to agree for
savIty's sake and because of Imme
dite benefit with a man on the spot.
having a ship loadei with what Is
most dear to an Eskimo's heart.
This would be especially true." ar
gues Dr. Dedrick. "if their former
benefactor had departed homeward
as Cook did on a sled with no halc
of a ship's prestige."
In conclusion Dr. Dedrick said:
"Suplaose (look next year went
up and distributed presents as shipe
do. and asked If his rival had got
ten out of sight of land and they
aid 'no.' what matter would it
make to the publie?"
Other Important parties may yet
be heard from- 'The whalers which
arrive at Dundee this fall may alsc
know what the Eswimos say.
Declare Peary a Fakir
At New York among the friends
of Dr. Cook who rallied to his de
fense was Capt. B. S. Osborn, sec
reary of the Arctic Club, of Ameri
ca. who In an Interview, said:
"Peary In making these charger
i digging his own grave. He Is a
colossal fakir. and his statements arE
a fabric of untruths. As soon as he
sets foot In New York. Mr. Bradley
and myself will give out afadaVit?
In support of our position.
"I have an affidavit stating that
Peay opened Dr. Cook's trunks and
data and that he opened a letter Dr.
Cook had written to Mrs. Cook, read
it and then sealed It up again.
Peary also wrote Mrs. Cook telling
her baldly that her husbanid was a
Another Cook Supprt
Prof. Win. H. Brewer. -of Yale.
honorary president for lEfe of the
Arctic Club of America. of which
both Peary and Cook are .nembers.
telegraphed to New York as follows:
"I believe that both Cook and
Peary have reached the pole."
Figures Were Wrong.
In our Tuesday's Issue, we stated
that there was about $1.500 worth
of cotton sold at North. Since theb
we have received a letter from a
resident of that place. who say's that
the sale for Thursday. Friday and
siha of last mieek wsere$15,000.
WHAT COOK SAYS
HE DECLARES HE CAN AND'
WILL PROVE HIS CLAIM.
Will Send for His Eskimo Compan
Ions and Assertb That Peary Took
Food Stored for Him.
At Copenhagen. Cook, shown
Peary's statement Wednesday night
stood by his gun, declined to enter
into a debate and calmly asserted
that his records would sustain him.
"I have been to the North Pole.
As I said last night when I heard
of Commander Peary's success. if
he says he has been to the pole. I
"I am willing to place facts. fig
ures and worked-out observations
before a joint tribunal of the scien
tific bodies of the world. In due
course I shall be prepared to make
public an announcement that will
effcectually dispel any doubt, If
there can be such, of the fact tha.
I have reached the pole. But know
lug that I am right and that right
ust prevail. I will submit at the
proper time my full story to the 1
Court of last resort--the people of
"I will not enter Into any contro- E
versy over the subject with Com- s
mander Peary. further than to say t
that if he says I nave taken his e
Eskimos. my reply is that Eskimos 1
rs nomae.. They are owned by C
nobody, and not private property
f either Commander Peary or my- b
"As to the story that Command- e
r Peary says I took provisions star- I
d by him. my reply is that Peary C
ook my provisions. obtaining them S
rom the custodian on the plea that V
had been so long absent that he 'I
was going to orgarize relief stations
or me In case I should be alive. S
For this I have documentary proof.-' b
This Is Dr. Frederick A. Cook's t
ply to Commander Peary. Com- b
g so quickly upon other dramatic c
[ncidents of the week. Commander u
Peary's dispatch denying that Dr. T
ook has achieved the triumph for
which he has been feted and honored r
n Copenhagen. beyond the lot of F
any other private person. has been t
ead there with feelings of amaze- t
ment and concern. But Dr. Cook c
imself seems in no wise disturbed. b
[e was perfectly cool and apparent
y unmoved when confronted with
telegrams from the United States J
aying that Commander Peary had n
enounced him as an imposter. His 1:
emeanor has not changed in the S
slightest from the day he' landed a
Lt Copenhagen. d
When it was suggested to him E
at his chances of proving his case ti
lght be ruined unless he made a p
satisfactory statement Immediately, a
e smiled-his usual quiet smile- b
and asked how could a man bai ruin- o
d by popular clamor calling him d
n imposter when he had proofs F
f his case which could and would a
e published, as he had oft times jJ
'epeated, when they were in proper I.
orm to be given out.
Regarding the .controversy over i
is alleged taking of Peary's stores.
ir. Cook asserts that he has written. j
and other satisfactory evidence, that 14
Peary took his stores, perhaps be- I
lieving him deadi. "Harry Whit
rey is personally acquainted with all S
he facts. and perhaps what he has e
o say when he returns may be in
terestig" added the explorer.
Dr. Cook told Capt. Sverdrup and S
nother friend the day after he had I
Landed that be hoped there would be e
io unpleasantness over supplies with S
the Peary party; that he bad found 8
ome of Peary's men in possession
i one of his depots and had turned I
'hem out uncermonioulsly.
It is settled that Cook will senai C
ran back to bring to America the 'I
;wo Lakimos who accompanied him I
'a the last stage of his journey to d
he pole, as well as so.ne of the party t
rho were sent back when the start I
af the stage begun. Capt. Sverdrup
ay command the expedition: It is (
)r. Cook's desire that he shall do I
', and they conferred for several 3
iours a few days ago.
Murder and Rubbery.
A ba" of robbers, masked and
-med with bombs' and revolvers, at
ked the postoffiee at Miass. Rus
Ia. Wednesday night and af:ar
-llling the night watchman 'and
bree policement looted the office
'nd made their exape with $40.
'00. Ten men were more or 1e53
eriously wounded la the fighting
The robbers cut the telegraph wira'
'ind fled up the track on a locomo
ie. After traveling some miles,
'he stopped the engine and distp 3
eared into the woods.
Cannihals Eat Them.
Advices received from the Fee
'ongo say that cannibalism is ram
'ant in the Matab and Sanghar re-j
'dons. where the blacks are in comn-I
!ete revolt. They have kIlled and1
-aten a number of factory emnplo:. esl
in .telegraph operator was slainl
u his key and devoured. Natie
''achents. headed by four Frnc''
fiers, have left for the scene to
-unish the cannibals.
Brothers in Fatal Fight.
As the result of ani encounta- ' e
ween two brothers in the McG 't.
ess farm 10 miles south of Salem.
'rud., Luther McGinness, aged 4S.
s mortally wounded and Horace
'fcGnns, aged 45. lies at his home
'n a serious condition. Since the.
'eath of WIlliam McGinness. father'
f the men, who was found dead in
i b rn weeks ago. Ei festng
ha eine'd hat"'ee: the hy'oth&era. I
Called and Eleven Men Are In
dicted by Jury
FOR ALLEGED FRAUDS
In the Management of the State Dis
pensar--Some Damaging Teski
mony Brought Out-Joseph B.
Wylie, Former Member of Board,
and Three Whiskey Men Testify.
The State says the dispensary graft
:ases have been brought irto court.
Sen once given commission of of
lee by the State of South Carolina
iow stand accused of crimes and of
enses against the State. Bribery.
onspiracy to defraud and other se
-ious crimes are alleged.
Not all of the indictments have
een handed out, but the prosecution
ppears to have considered well its
ase and to have made a move to
et a conviction in the cases in which
he State has the most conclusive
vidence. The indictments were
anded to the grand jury in the
orning by Sclicitor W. H. Cobb,
epresenting the State of South Caro
Inl. Attorney General Lyon. who
as been at work on these cases for
hree years. is assisted by Mr. W.
. Stevenson of Cheraw, former
peaker of the house or rpresenta
ives, and by Mr. R. L. Abney. gen
ral counsel for the Southern rail
ray in South Carolina, and a lawyer
f recognized ability and forc.
The grand jury at 3:30 p. m.
eard the witnesses and shortly
iereafter returned a true bill In
ach case. The witnesses were Joe
. Wilie and Henry Hamuels of
hester, J. A. Valentine Schmidt of
t. Louis. J. G. Thorpe of Aiken. T.
7. Collins of Columbia and Jno.
. Early of Cincinnati.
Wylie is a former director of the
tate dispensary and is allegea to
ave turned State's evidence. al
iough, of course, the proceedings
efore the grand Jury were in se
et session. Henry Samuols. now
tayce of Chester. and close friend of
.ylie's: Schmidt is bookkeeper for
ie Anheu.er Busch concern, long
presented in this State by Jas. L.
arnum: Earley for years s'J to
ie State dispensary the pro<.ucts of
ie Flelsebmann Company of Cin
nati. and Thorpe and Collins were
Dokkeepers at the State dispensary.
The Persons Indicted.
The persons under indictment are:
as. Farnum. who.is alleged to have
iade thousands of dollars unlawful
, selling beer and liquor to the
tate of South Carolina: John Black.
former shipping clerk and later
rector of the dispensary; L. W.
oyken, a former dispensary inspec
r and later member of the dis
ensary board: .oe. B. Wylie. who
-as a member of the dispensary
nard; Jno. Bell Towill, a director
f the dispensary; W. 0. Tatum,
ispensary commissioner: Jodie M.
.awlinson. a dispensary director.
nd the following liquor salesmen:
no. T. Earley. M. A. Goodman. H.
e~r Solomons and Dennis Weiskopf.
The indictments in brief are as
First. State against James S.
'arnum, bribery, the bribe being al
'ged to have been given to Joseph
.Wylie in the sum of $1,575.
Second, the State against James
.Farnum, bribery, the bribe alleg
I to have been -given to Joseph B.
'ylie in the sum of $1.125.
Third. the State against Jatnes
Farnum. 3. M. Rawlinson, Joseph
.Wylie and John Black, being a
rnspircy tco cheat and defraud the
tate of South Carolina out of $4.
Furth, the Stain against John
lack. accepting a bribe and rebate.
Fifth. the State against N. A.
oodman, John T. Fairey. Dennis
'elkopf, L. Whit Boykin. John
elI Towill and W. 0. Tatum. in
itment for conspiracy to defraud
be State of South Carolina out of
2:.500 in the "label deal."
Sixth. the State against E. A.
oodran. James S. Farnum. John C.
arley. H. Lee Solomons. 3. B.
Cylie. John Black and J. M. Raw
nson. indictment for conspiracy to
efraud the tSate of South Carolina
nd to accept and to pay rebates
a the sum of $133.000.
The Label Deal.
In the renowned "label case" it
a charged that in March. 1905. L.
PChit Boykin and John Bell Towili.
nembrs of the board of directors.
.nd W. 0. Tatum bought $25.000)
worth of labels, which purchase, it
s alleged, was illegal. fradulent
*nd unlawful, and at a greatly ex
essive price, to wit.: $22.500 in
*xcess of the value whereby the
;tate was defrauded as the result
put of the sum of $22.500.
Dennis Weiskopf. M. M. Goodman.
.Whit Boykin. L. W. Wowill and
.ilam 0. Tatum alleged to have
'een in this conspiracy and to have
,eneted financially therefrom.
eiskopf. who printed the labels.
sas the proprietor of a glass and'
yox factory, and the label transac
ion was something new for him, it
Scale of Rebates.
The scale of rebates alleged in
-e larger conspiracy 's:
"That the !aid Jedie M. Wawlin
son. Jos. E. Wy!!e and John Black
were to accept and receive for every
barrel of whiskey purchased at $1.47
per gallon. $1.59: for every barrel
rf whiskey purchased at $1.50 per
gallon. $2: for every barrel of whis
key purchased at $1.50 per gallon.
$3: for every barrel of whiskey pur
chased at $1.75 per gallon, $6: for
every barrel of whiskey at $1.85 per
gallon. $S: for every barrel of
wa" er' piurchased at $2 per gallon.
HAVOC OF FLOODS
PRIESTS BRING NEWS OF DE.
STRUCriON IN MEXICO.
Towns Entirely Wiped Out and
Thousands of People Drowned by
Advices from Monterey, Mexico.
is to the effect that a number of
village priests. after making jour
neys over miles of devastated coun
try, have arrived there. bringing the
fIrst news of the destruction wrought
by the recent floods in the outlying
districts. Their stories indicate
that the havoc is more widespread
and terrible than was at first be
The priests of Arramberi have
informed Archbishop Lenares that
Arramberi was destroyed, and today
his people are wandering over the
country in search of food. The de
struction of the roads has made it
impossible to send on relief sup
The story brought in br the priest
of La Ascension is to the effect that
this town and its population of 2,000
souls have entirely disappeared.
The people, he says. may have taken
to the hills, or they may have per
"Not a stone was left upon a stone
In La Ascension." the priest said.
'*Where there was once rich farms
Is now nothing but water."
Another priest from Allende says
that place also disappeared with
large loss of life, and that the
nelgbboring fields have been con
verted Into lakes.
The priests were more than a week
In making their way into Monterey.
rhey describe the destructign as the
most awful ever experienced in Mex
co. Aid Is urgently needed in thesv
utlying districts, particularly as the
iuthorites are busy with Monterey
ML* its vicinity.
Bustamemnte and La Escondida
ave been added to the list of de
COOK'S STORY IS TRUE.
ciendsta Agre That PeaWy's Find
ings Confirms It.
Scientists in New York comparing
ommander Peary's achievement
with the reports which Dr. Cook
ias sent out, were very generally
greed that Peary's fndings seem to
,onflrm Dr. Cook's story In several
ignicant particulars and thus far
se no points of disagreement. The
cientists were more positive than
tver that the controversy can be set
led beyond reasonable doubt by an
nquiry before a reco&na.-d scientifc
dy. Their almost undivided opin
on was that Dr. Cook should not
e condemned until his story has
een proved false by unmistakable
vidence. "Peary's rapid traveling,"~
ad Anthony Fiala, the Brooklyn
splorer. "is the most important
~vidence thus far presented in sub
tantiation of Dr. Cook's claims."
William L. Cook. of Broowlyn,
rother of the explorer, was urged
. make public the text of three af
idavits In the keeping of the Arctic
:lub. in which charges are made
ganst Commander Peary. He de
:lined to do so. however. The af
idavits are said to have been made
y Francke. Dr. Cook's companion
n his last voyage to the north, and
y two members of the crew of
eary's ship, the Roosevelt. White.
s'eward. and Johnson, a seaman.
'Fracke came here and told me
hat he had seen."' said Cook's
rot her. "and I had him reduc" his
~tatemnts to writing. They can
iot be mad1e public, however, until
Dr. C'ook reaches America."
John A. Hogers. chairman of the
3rooklyn committee of 100 organiz
d to tender an official reception to
Dr. Cook on his arrival here, comn
rnentng on the aspersions cast up
mn lr. Cook by Commander Peary,
said: "Dr. Cook can recover heavy
iamages. His honor is at stake in
this controversy and I will advise
him to sue Commander Peary to
vindicate it." *
The captain and crew of the
French schooner Quality, engaged in
recruiting laborers, have been mur
dered by natives of Mallicollo Island.
in the New Hebrides. The vessel
was driven ashore by a storm and
while stranded sbe was attacked. In
spite of their stubborn defense the
rew were massacred to the last man.
A British war ship is investigating
key. $15: whiskey at $2.25 per gal
Ion, $17.50 per barrel: at $2.50
per gallon. $20 per barrel; at $3
per gallon. $25 per barrel: barrel
of beer. 10 dozen quarts. $1 per bar
rel: each case of c'hampaigne, $2 per
case: all wines. 50 cents per case.
"That tin consideration of such
payment and receipt of rebate and
oxtra compensation. it was agreed
by ant between the said JIodle M.
Fawlnson. .toseph B. Wylie and
John Blake as chairman and mem
ers of said board of directors of
the State dispensary composed as
aforesaic. should award the contract
to the persons, firms and corpora
tons represented by the said James
S. Farnum. John T. Eary. Morton
A. Goodman and H. Lee Solomon
~nd diverse other persons to the
"U'nder the schedule It is charg
ed that this board on March 22.
1906. awarded contracts for liquor.
ad that Wylie. Black and Rawlinson
did accept and receipt from the said
James S. Farnum, John T. Early.
IM. A. Goodman c.nd H. Lee .meesn
a~ otheia $24:06. *
TRYING TO tXPLAIN
PEARY'S ACTION IN TAMPERING
WITH COOK'S MAIL.
Bridgman, His Particular Fried
Admits That Peary Saw the Men
Who Had Cook's Letter.
A dispatch from Sydney. B. C.,
says Herbert L. Bridgman, secretary
of the Peary Arctic club, who is to
meet Com'nander Peary, arrivsd
there Friday evening.
Mr. Bridgman denies that he had
seen any communication to Prof
Helm of Dresden. but said that it
was perfectly evident that Comman4
er Peary and Harry Whitney were
together for several days and that
it would be a resonable zieduction
that Whitney had informed Petry
' f Cook's cl'.s and that Peary
would gather all available testimony
to refute the claim, having he:d
the Eskimos' stories that Cook "hrd
not been out of sIrbt of land."
"I do not think," continued Mr.
Brd-gman. "that Commander Peary
is bringing Cook's two Eskimo boy
witnesses or he would have men
tioned the fact. It woud not be an
easy thing to bring them down, as
they might die. Their testimony
would be no more valuable In the
United States than as given before
the members of the Peary party
while north. It will be impracti
cable for Cook or any one to send a
steamer up for the Eskimos before
With regard to the offer of the
United States coast and geological
survey to arbitrate the controversy,
Mr. Bridgman said:
"I know that Commander Peary
will be perfectly satisfied to abide by
its verdict. Peary has a commis
sIon from the survey to take certain
abservations and data, and will sub
mit his results to that board.
"Cook's two witnesses," continued
Mr. Bridgmand, "are from 16 to
20 years old. The other six Eski
mos who declined to go returned
with Cook's letters to his wife,
John R. Bradley and Rudolph
Francke, dated Capt Thomas Hub
bard. Commander Peary, .In a se
ries of conversations with the na
tives, found that the letters were
not written where dated. The Es
kimos told of the number of sloops
passed since they parted company
with Cook, but it may be the na
tives did not te' the truth to Com
mander Peary. It will depend large
ly on the natives' testimony whether
or not Cook was where he claims
to have been."
In further exphnation Mr. Bridg
man said b- s-:p.sed Francke show
ed the Cook 'etters to Peary. which
naturally aroused curiosity to ques
tion the natives who brought them
PRICE IS FIXED.
Parmers Ask and Should Get Fif
teen Cents for Cotton.
The Farmers' National Union met
at Birmingham. Ala., last week.
The report of the committee on min
imum price of cotton was accepted
1nd the executive committee was
!nstructed to "reveal or raise, or
lower the fixed minimum at their
own discretion," at Friday nights
When the committee report was
firet submitted there was jspirited
iiscussions and the report was sent
back to the committee for amend
mntn. The amended report was the
one finally adopted. Nothing could
be learned as to the minimum fixed.
but it is believed to be about 15
This shows that the farmers are
very 'modest in their demands.
Considering the shortness of the cot
ton crop this year, fifteen cents is a
modest price to ask for the staple.
It can be easily had if the farmers
will not rush the cotton on the
market. Market the crop slowly
and fifteen cent cotton will be realiz
ed in a few weeks.
Members of the union were in
structed by the convention to use
their best efforts to get all cotton
warehoused immediately after gin
ning. Members were also instructed
to be liberal to brother members in
making loans on distress cotton.
The Alabama delegation present
ed a beautiful silver service to Mrs.
Barrett. wife of the president of the
union. President Barrett appoint
ed the trustees and' executive com
mittee of ithe National Farmers'
college, which is to be erected with
in the next few years.
The executive committee is com
posed of C. S. Barrett. chairman;
H. S. Mobley. secretary: R. F. Duck
worth. P. W. Cox and A. C. Shu
The trustees are H. S. Mobley, of
Arkansas: R. F. Duckworth. of
Georgia: A. C. Shuford, of North
Carolina: S. H. Knigh't, of Florida:
3. J' Fobinson. of Alabama; J. E.
Montgormery, of Tennessee; John
Grady. of Kentucky: T. W. Burkett,.
of Illinois: T. 3. Douglas. of Mis
souri: 3. .K. Armstrong. of Ogiaho
ma: A. F. Dornblaser. of Texas; Mr.
McCollater. of LouIsiana: S. L. Wil
son, of Missisrippi: P. W. Cox, of
Washington, and 'R. W. "allicotte.
Killed by Airship.
At Juris sur Orge. France. E.
Lefebvre. the French aviator, was
killed by a tall in his aeroplane in
whIch he was practicing over the
av~ation field Wednesday afternoon.
M. Lefebvre sustained mortal in'
juries when the machine crashed to
the ground. Ald was rendered him
but he died soon after. The can~sE
that is *bat Mr. Bryan Says of
IN SPECIAL ARTICLE
In the Atlanta Journal the Great
Commoner Discusses the Differ.
ence Between the Words Revised
and Reduced and Puts Tariff Out
rage Up to the Republican Party.
In a letter to the Atlanta Jour'l
discussing the tariff, Mr. Bryan says
the Republican platform was ambig
uous, and the Democratic party plat
form specific. The Republicans in
their tariff plank used the word "re
vised." The Democrats in their par
ty platform demanded a reduction
of the rates. The word revision is
subject to a double interpretation,
while only one construction can be
placed upon the word "reduction."
The Democratic senators and rep
resentatives who had voted for the
imposition of duties had made a
mistake, and whether elected upon
or before the adoption of the plat
form of the party, ought to feel
bound by Its declarations.
I most heartily approve the reso
lution offered by Senator Gore, of
Oklahoma. proposing an Investiga
tion as to the responsibility for the
high cost of living.
Senator Gore Is entirely right.
The high tariff Republicans have
tried to shift the responsibIlIty
from the manufacturers to the mer
hants. This is Important, and It
is only right that the public should
know the truth.
It has been found by experience
that unless a party formulates a
-'atform. Its representatives in office
cannot agree upon a definite policy.
owing to the Influence brought to
bear by favor-seeking corporatdona
Even when there are platforms th'ey
are minonstrued unless they are
positive and specific. Sometimes
positive and specific platforms are
violated, but a positive and specific
platform is not apt to be violated.
and when they are violated the guilt
can be fixed and the guilty punish
The trouble with the Republican
platform of last fall was that It was
not specific and definite. The tariff
plank used the word "revised" in
stead of the word "reduced," and
now Senator Aldrich and his crowd
construe it to mean an Increase while
some of the western Republicans
asist it contemplated a decrease In
Mr. Taft dodged the question. So.
far as I could learn from his speech
es the nearest he ever ,came to a
nstruction of the platform was 1o
eclare, when In the west, that it
eant an "honest revIsion," at one
ime declaring that while some
chedules ought to be raised and
some lowered, the revision would
robably be downward.
The Fepublican national conven
ion was at fault In accepting so
ndefnite, so evasive and so decep
tve a word as "revIsion" as a quf
icient promise. The voters ougrs to
ave known that "the friends of the
ariff" will never give us any ma
As to the Democrats who voted
fo:- the imposition of duties, they
ave as a rule defended their con
dct on the ground that the duties
oted for were revenue duties, and
hey have not been high duties.
teasured on an. ad valorem basis,
he duty on lumber and on iron ore
re but a small portion of the price.
E think that the Democrats who vot
ed !or the duty made a mistake.
The Democratic platform demand
d free lumber, and I believe a plat
form is binding upon all who run
upon it, and it ought to have weight
with the members of the party who
were elected before the platform was
Those who voted for a duty on
lumber did so. I presume. because of
lumber interests in their districts
anC States, but in doing so I think
they gave the preference to a few
wners ot timber lands over those
who buy lumber. There Is no State
in the Union where the consumers
of lumber do not outnumber the per
sons who profit by the tariff on lum
ber. and the man who votes for a
tariff on lumber votes to tax a ma
jority of the people of his district
and State for the benefit of a minor
ity of his constituents. But the
men who get the bentfit of the tax
are more active In presenting their
demands than the consumers are
n presenting theIr protests, and as
long as this is true, the tax eaters
will have the advantage over the
If the taxpayers 'would take a
little more Interest in the tariff
question and chastise the representa
tives who. Ignoring the interests of
the ?consumers, follow the agrice
of the protected interests, relief
would come somer.
As to the dUty on Iron ore, the
Ichief objection to it is not that it
Is a high rate of duty, but that It
heli' people who do not need help.
and gives an exetie for higher du
ties on manufactured Iron. The man
who owns a bed of iron has such an
enormous advantae over the man
who owns farming land that It Is
hardly fair to make the farmer pay
tribute to the oie owner.
Every duty placed upon raw ma
terial is a burden upon the manufac
turer unless he is permitted to trans
fer It to the consumer. A tariff
Ion iron ore, therefore. is likely to
be tranferred to consumer. A duty
put upon raw material increases as
It proceeds, interest being added
each step-It grows like a snow ball
n te swewa- a 1 mn worn eectiOn
WILL BE PROBED
SHOOTING OF MRS. G. C. BIGHAM
LEADS TO ARRESTS.
Coroner Swears Out Warrants for
W. B. Avant, who Shot Mrs. Big
ham, and for Her Husband.
A dispatch from Georgetown to
The News and Courier says Coroner
C. J. Fletcher Tuesday swore out
a warrant for William B. Avant as
principal, and for Dr. J. C. Bigham
as accessory for the killing of Mrs.
G. C. Gigham. wife of '. - latter, a
Murrell's Inlet, on Saturday night
The verdict of the coroner's jury
reads as follows: "That the de
ceased came to her death by a gun
shot wound at the hands of W. B.
Avant and G. C. Bigham as accessory
thereto. both men laboring under
great mental excitement and fear at
the time of the deed."
It is the strong opinion of every
one in this neighborhood that the
shooting was inexcusable in its gross
carelessness, and deserves to be in
vestigated to the bottom. It Is re
ported that one of the probable caus
es of the men shooting at the un
known object was because Sunny
side house was said to be haunted.
and they thought it a ghost. The
deputy sheriff is expected to arrive
with the two men tonight.
Dr. G. C. Gigham. ot Ceorgetown
county, who was Implicated by the
coroner and Jury in the killing of
his wife at Murrell Inlet, was ar
rested at the home of his mother.
Mrs. M. S. Bigham. at Forestville,
Wednesday afternoon by Deputy
Sheriff Harrell. Dr. Gigham was
carried to Florence and placed in
jail upon telegraphic Instructions
from the sheriff of Georgetown.
PHWMCIANS FIGHT PRTLAGRA.
Campalgn AdaInst Supposed Germ of
Alarmed by the number of Cases
of pellagra that have occurred at
Durham, N. C.. the physicians of that
city began Wednesday experiments
to locate the origin of the disease.
Six deaths from pellagra have oc
curred In that section. A dispatch
from Durham says:
"An examination of the blood of
a powerful negro who has the dis
ease in most aggravated form re
vealed a distinct organism and speci
-nens were sent to Richmond and to
Johns Hopkins for more careful
"If a germ is found. as physicians
are inclined to believe, some ani
mal will be inoculated and a cam
paign against pellagra ^n the germ
theory will be waged. The theory
that the disease has its origin in
corn has been abandoned by the
physiins at Durham, but a fierce
war against the importation of Wes
tern corn is being conducted.
"Dr. McCampbell of the State hos
pital has written a paper treating
with 12 cases of pellagrous insanity
and death. Three-fourths of the cas
s were among women, which is un
asual, it is said, as the disease oc
urs more frequently among men.
None of the cases which have devel
ped in that section has been trace
able to cornbread. One victim was
a boarding housekeeper, but none of
the boarders contracted the disease."
DRAGGED BY TRA~I.
The Narrow Escape of Conductor
Davis From Death.
A special to the Augusta Chroni
le from Columbus. Ga.. says John
H. Davis. a Central of Georgia rail
road conductor, residing in Colum
bus. while walking along tho top
of his freight train r'n Lee county.
Ala., Wednesday. lost his balance
and fell between two coal car.
ust as he struck the track he
grasped the grab iron of one of
the cars and was pulled along in
this manner for three miles, his feet
dragging the ground. When the
train approached a trestle he man
aged by superhuman effort to pull
himself up and threw himself out
between the two cars, fortunately
clearing the track as he fell. His
left ankle was cielocated and he
was severely bruised, but he will
DEATH OF A HERMIT.
For Forty-six Years Bad Not Left
Basil Hayden. who died recently
at Gree:.brier. Ky.. had not stepped
outside the picket fence that bound
ed his y.ird since President Lin
coln freed the slaves. It is said
that he shut himself in a little room
that day in 1863, after hIs sweet
heart died, and looked no more up
on men. An overseer of Hayden's
estate named Borders was the only
human being whom the anchorit4
raw, and he took care of Hayden s
property until a mistake in account
ing made by a bank clerk exasperat
ed the hermit. Thereafter the ro
cluse hid an estate which will
amount to nearly $100,000 in chinks
and pillow slips and cast off cloth
Died on the Rail.
Identified by a letter from their
mother. two young men. J. J. and
P. Hf. Chastain. if Pelham. Ga.. were
killed three miles east of Lumnkin.
Ca., while asleep together on the
Seaboard tracks. The boys had
stamboat tickets from Columbus.
Ga.. to Eufaula. Ala.*
able than the ad valorem rate leried
upon the unished produet.
GONE TO REST
CoL James T. Sacon Passed
Away on #ednesday
WAS BRAVE SOLDIER
And Brilliant Writer, Col. Bacon
Fought Bravely for the South In.
Ing the Civil War and Ably La
bored for South Carolina With
His Pen for Many Years.
Col. Jas. T. Bacon, after a linger
ing illness, died at his beautiful
home in Edgetield on Wednesday af
ternoon, and a disDatch says all
Edgefeld and throughout the district
is sorrow and shadow, for he was
the best known and most universal
ly beloved man in the county, and
his name was synonymous with all
that is pure. genercus. noble and
good. Col. Bacon had attained his
TSth year. He was descended from
splendid Revolutionary stock. His
ancestors came from Virginia, where
the family had been prominent
among the colonists for over a cen
tury. Edmond Bacon. for many
years a brilliant member of the
Edgeteld Bar, and the "Ned Brace"
in Longstreet's Georgia scenes, was
Edmond Bacon. although a Geor
;Ian by birth. In early life moved to
South Carolina, and he, with Col.
Arthur Simkins, settled the town of
Edgefleld. He had four children,
the second, Edmond Speed, being the
father of the subject of this sketch.
his mother being Sarah Bacon. a
cousin to ber husband, she having
married twice, her last husband be
"'g the Rev. Arthur WigfaliL The
Bacon family has been closely con
nected with the county's and State's
Col. Bacon had one brother, the
Hon. John E. Bacon, who was secre
tary of legation at St. Petersburg
when Governor Pickens was minis
ter, and afterwards minister to
Uruguay and Paraguay under Pres
ident Cleveland, and a full sister,
Mrs. Baker, of McClellanville, S. C.,
lnd two half-sisters, Mrs. Kate W.
Cheatham, of Edgefield, and Mrs. Dr
Trezant. formerly of Columbia.
A dispatch from Edgefield to The
News and Courier says Col. James
T. Bacon was born here. and his
long and useful life was spent amidst
the scenes of his nativity. After
receiving an academic education at
this place, be completed his studies
ir Germany, making a specialty of
music, in which he excelled, and
which was one of the joys of his
beautiful life. After his return from
Germany. he taught music here, and
at Anderson, but it was to fournal
ism that he devoted his splendid
talents. in which field he won for
himself a name and reputation, sel
'om equalled in this country. After
s~erving with conspicuous bravery in
the War Between the States, he re
turned home, and assumed the edi
torship of Jhe Edgefield Advertiser,
and the fies of that paper will best
tell how ably and brilliantly he
performed the duties of that of~ee.
Gentle as a woman, yet brave as a
lion, he could write with all the soft
ness a.7-. sweetness of Washington
Irving. but when necessity and duty
demanded it, with all the boldness
and fire of Wendell Phillips.
During Reconstruction times,
when Federal troops were station
ed here, and the negro and scala
wag held high carnival. Col. Bacon
printed the Advertiser in red let
ters. and his "Leader" was filled
with such patriotic fire and defiance
'is to cause offence to tne Federals.
For this he was arrested, and taken
to Charleston. but no harm befell
him, and he returned home only to
continue the bgrave fight for Anglo
Satron supremacy. He was a game
cock in those stirring days. as he
ever was, and never did his red
plume lower its crest. After leaving
the Advertiser, he. with his nephew.
Mr. L. W. Cheatham, conducted the
Edgefield Chronicle, a paper that is
loved and read by every man, wo
man and child in the county, because
back of it has been the brains.. wit,
and eloquence of Jim Bacon. 'tis
correspondence to the Columbia
State and special articles to The
Sunday News attest the unique style,
versatility, and brilliancy of the
Many of his close friends here
have- often urged him to collect and
prin-. his writings, but his innate
modesty forbade--they would make
a volume worthy of his wit and
Col. Bacon was never married, but
he was beloved and courted by all
for his magnetic personality, social
attributes and brilliant conversation
of powers. One beautiful trait of
his character was his lore and loy
alty to his immediate family. His
venerable mnother, the late Mrs. WIg
fall, as well as other members of his
family, would often urze him to seek
broader fields, where his talent
would have won higher distinction
and greater pecuniary reward, but
he preferred to remain with them.
and with his life-long friends and
at the home he loved so well, and
adminIster to their happiness and
support. Now that he Is gone. Edge
field mourns for him. as never dId
she sorrow for man before. He has
left a void that cannot be filled.
Swept by Floods.
A dispatch from La Paz. Lower
Califorrnia. dated September 6, says
that that place was overwhelmed by
Ia r!ood. No deta~ls as to the damaze
wrou;;-t were gIven more than that
|.e posonC b&'a was destroy