Newspaper Page Text
be Printd i
-3o p Dtetalk De
indte art .tof his onu
str hich is. n,,~a the
S . . . . . t h
~1'pi~o68S whch. Pnwe UON
"442!mDf t over
men w mlc
- or t -i 1pole-b
ei e abot m - T e-atita
i verheat te gmro yar
nt - m toNwYrk# eto
0 Ket dysitb onorjoa
tr and.jt ? __~g, oEs
132na~f detrmine omat to npot
,~~oT' he ne
0:- -7 'me. I t
b er tes ghad
ea2mot h a
>7 &Bfr se
~ ' b.f . lfi! heftya
1 -neer deiedan o 'th fake
-~writed~lout m. Te aatis tas
-~1J.i~rer'bca~ tk gu-dro ya
1 Would try. I told myself; I be
Aftier the departure of Mr. Brad
li[grDr. Cook says he began to brood
upon the task which he says he set Hi
himself, saying: ".1y life from this
time onward was a curious combina
tion of .,utward impressions and in
trospective experiences. I want you
to understand this thing was no cas- M
with me. All my life
hinged about ft. my hopes were bent
upon it; the doing of it was part of
me, and instead of a mere Dhysical
journey At became a psychic experi
ence, a nightmare. My plans of ac
tion, I want to emphasize. were not
haphazard and hairbrained. Logi- T
cally and clearly I now mapped out
& campaigIL It was based upon T
experience in known conditions. ex
perience gathered after years of dIs
couragement and failure. R
"I aimed to resch the top of the
globe In the annde between Alaska
and Greenland, which had not bcen
tried: With Annoatok as a base of T
operations.!I planned to carry suf
ficlent supnlles over Schley Land and
along tho' west coast of the gamelA
sands, trusting that the game along
this region -would furnish suMcient
sapilies- en route to the shoxs of
the Polar sea. With men and Cogs A
ving on fresh meat, I figured that
they would be In the best conditlon
for a dash over the circumpolar Ice. A
This journey to land's end would
.affor, atest Or eery article of
equipmenti needed In the field work
ad&would enable me also to choose T
froi-.:a entire tribe of Eskimos
Itos6 most able to endure the rigors
whichaWy before us."
After telling of his start from An- v
aOatok In February, 1908. with a
party often Eskimos, 103 dogs, and A
s entering Bay Fjord, where he
red $3 degrees below zero.
.H.. Dr. Cook takes the occasion of
answering many widely quoted state- B
mets. as tollows
-I have been held responsible and
ely criticised for citing a tem- v
f, of minus 83 degrees centi
wihh was -the misquotation
Iof -a reporter who met me On the
Hans Egede off the Shaw. the north
ernmost point of Denmark, before I
my arrival at Copenhage, -I have
ben'quoted, by the same reporter, I
declar bad discovered
and traversed ~30,000 square miles
of new land. What I did report, and
was that in myjourney I had
through an area whereIn. It
terrstal Unkno of water
eAiti. raid discover what 1 3
o -be land, on the 30 of
-'rngh, flS. hs was an Irregular '
the wuedratextending for-about
0,mBlis etween the S4th and S5th
loseto the 102d merid
for detailing the supplies taken
hisArlp, rbCook says: ."Were j
supplies sufcient to tae us to
le -u'ch criticism has been
con rning the measrenes
a I&essionly ,say that In, the
-this supply barely al
to kep. alive. I Edoubtif. C
nesser suered from-huniger
~4 ntmr.1e we did and Iive.
as nour journey north
and aouthnard. 'grim, per-3
tompauatni- and only the-love
mt delst~q~espeetede of human
tt e despair. 'e(r this 9rivation
~sa~ haddits mental reaction
-is ractonwhich was fortunate. j
*r ~ 'lie belief imy achieve- a
maetgtat kept me anive in.hours of
ikeat physical taL' . -
look says that 'his proposed t2
jon~eywnot one of scientifle con- 11
-ust, but one or which he expected C
afrly the return due a pathfinder. In -ii
this pirtof-his story. occurs this- re-. a
arkablestatement: - n
-SMy 'convrictionr that I reached the, t
al~e neven~ was based solely upon ob- It
ns, Sgures or mathema.tial L:
scleidations.- I did take these. of li
ooine. ~Sometimes I took. them has- n
til1agnits rorking them out with tl
.palnstaking accuracy. ,Some- .n
rminld was clear as crystal 'e:
mi-Iwas? dazed with, hunger. u
thirst, and 'cold. These- fgures dId I
serve -to convince me of any va
s chievement They only -corrob
my Inner conviction of pro- I
gress- They were important In work- O
nug a plan of-action over a trackless B
wastet but 'as a proof of the con- 11
quest they must always .be insur- u
"Was my Inner convIction that. 21
attained the pole 4lnsane? This has 0
been asked, and suggested-. Perhaps. d
Which raises the whole problem- of 1
* gorder lines of sanity. I was.! L
teel, no more insane than any man al
who frantically pursues an Ideal-an W
ideal which smay seem hair-brained hj
to the -practical-anad who finally to.
himself. If to no other, Is satisfied 'I1
that he has accomplished .his desire. as
My conviction - may be beyond the T'
bounds of reason. Sometimes now I s1
feel thatl s. AganlIdo not. I do is
not know." pq
That his mind may ' e been af
fected by hardships an - that, in a? of
state of bodily fatigue and mental be- tt
wilder-ment he convinced himsel' O(e
that he reached the pole. Dr. Cook ' N
admits. "That I did travel upward ih4
->f 2.500 miles. in some direction. ti
even my enemies credit. Some have ib~
described my journey as being In a |ol
semi-circle, others admit my going [to
pretty far north. Whether I went ire
directly north, or was diverted at l
times does not, can not, change the 'Is
'acts of my experience. We were tr
compelled on our journey to go in
various directions to find a way. We lyr
muade waide detours, at other times re
we had to retreat and find new pas- Pa
~sages. Perhaps, in so doing. I -id in
become confused and over-estimated iuf
my progress. If that is so, it Is a iOt
fact neither I nor anyone can settle lth
now. Wherever I went. however, 1ab
maintain it was northward, and I did Ine
reach a spot which I believed to be I h
-One of the most extraordinary W
features in Dr. Cook's confession is
his admission that his conviction oil -~
attan the North Pole was based wi
largely upon his observation of his ebc
shadow. 'This theory he presents ~r
with great detail. *|1
Small Boy Killed on Rail. nu
Arthur Miller.' aged 13. son of N
Dora 3!IIer. was run over and kmeid i a
bout 9 o'elock Tiuesday morning at i D
Caston!a by the Southern switchdig wa
enaane, which was switching cars a jhi;
short distance -west of the York -5
stree: crcssn't. The .gy's body was shi
fearfully mangled, one arm and one ho:
leg being entirely severed from his I h'
A SAD LF STORY
:W A BEAUTIFUL LOVE SONG I
CAME TO BE WRI'TEN.
ie True Story of "Lorena," One of 1
the Most Popular Songs of Its
Day, and "Paul Vane."
We print below a true, but wery
d love story of the long ago:
)e years creep slowly by. Lorena.
The snow is on the grass again:
ie sun's low down the sky. Lorena,
Tie frost gleams where the flowers
it the heart throbs on as warmly
As when the Summer days were
ie sta can' never dip so low
Adown affection's cloud!ess sky.
hundred months have passed. Lo
Since last I held that hand in
nd felt that pulse beat fast, Lorena.
Though mine beat faster far than
hundred months, 'twa flowery
Wben !up . the hilly slope we
D watch the dying of the day
And hear -the distant church-bells
e loved each other then. Lorena.
More than we ever dared to tell:
nd what we might have been. Lo
Had but our loving prospered
ut, ah 'tis past, the years are gone.
We'll not call up their shadowy
'ell say to them: "Lost years.
sleep on. -
Sleep on; nor heed Ufe's pelting
he story of--the past, Lorena,
Alas! I carenoat to repeat:
he hopes that could not last, Lo
They lved but only lived to cheat,
'would not cause e'en one recret
To rankle in your bosom now
For itf we try, we may forget."
5ere words of thine long years
es.. these orids. of thine, Lorena
tey are within my memory yet
hey touched. some tender chords.
.17hich thrill and tremble with re
waa mot thy woman's heart which
Thy-heartvair always true to me;
dutyrst=en d piercing broke
The tietwideh linked my soul with
,matters -igle now.. Lorena.
'The pastis'with-'he eternal past:
er heads fll21;oon lie low, Lorena,
1JifettIdel s bbing out so fast.
entt1bee'saalfuture;,Oh. thank God!
Of lfeitbiuis so small a part
0!is aust-dst' beneath the sod.
Butithr up' there 'tis heart to
'~'4Zs H~ D. L. Webster.
'On-o~~I1bstpopular of Amer
asimetl.'angs is "Lorena."
ad' alinostieqiially so its companion.
Paul :Yri-or.Lorena's Reply."
he sadisotodo'In the words of
ii song 3ka true episode of human
fo andbuma~Aove. During the
lvii .War It wassung everywhere
L pane1or~noNBCextse on the street
ad In camps. 1t-as equally pop
lar in the.3eath as. In the North.
i portrayingdthe fate of two lovers
Is emotional'to a h!th degree, and;
i ts-itruly 'pathetic tone, perhaps.
s chief'Charnies. It was so pop
iar during the dark'dsys of the war
tat ac steamer on the Ohio river was
amed Lore'n, engines on the West
"a roads were called Lorena. and
tanynaiothers called their daughters
orena out f aentiment for this fa
The author of (torena," Henry de
stayette .Wester, was born in
neida rcounty "ew- York. in 182t4.
is father. :William Webster;: was a
iteal descendant of John Webster,
ho was'..Colontial governor of Con
ectcut 1nr. 1356 and later. Henry
as the youngest child in a family
fiveaughers and three sons. He
ed in Chicago on November 3.
~96. In. 1828 his father moved to
ma county, Ohio. and located
>out three miles south of Elyria.
here he worked for many years at
a trade, that of blacksmith.
The author's opportunities for ae
tiring an education were limited,
id as he grew in years he was re
tired -to do his share toward the
tpport of the family, so that fell
g trees Snd~ work In the forest was.
~rhaps, his best accomplishment. j
'But he was studious and In spite ji
his limited opportunities, even
ally had acqutired sufficient know!
ge -to teach school Later, through
rd work In a store and air a tutor.
was able to pay his way throuch<
e collegia.te Institution In Coluxm
is 0. He attracted to some the
ogcal discussion. This led himt
investigate the subject, with th.' 1
sult that he soon asowed himself
Universalist. laid aside the law:
id prepared himself for the mitnis
In the year 1S48. beIng then t4
ars of age, and full of poetry ar:'l
miance, he was enforing his first
storate In Zanesvilie, 0. His lead-j
g parishioner was a we::h:: n'an
acturer, whose resl-enee was upon (
e of the hills which surrounded t
at smoky town. The house was r
out half a m!le out. and the emi- r
nce upon wh~ch it was seated was a
e one referred to in the song:
Twas flowery May
hen up the hilly slope we elimbed."
There lived in this imily a young r
ter of the manujfacturer'si w!'c.
0o was the Ieadin:: singter in the
ar. She was 19 ye-irs ofa;:e.1
all of stature. had blue eyes an~d
ht hair. andI was no: ordy a sweo '
:cr. but she was as full of ro->
nce as her pastror. -'nd" they~ sor
-ane ver mucht at:'aced to 0:: "
"prosper welli." for th'e -an"y'
S piroud and :riseorn . .d .
e her marry a poor preacher. As'
was dependent upon them for a
ne, she was compell"ed to yield to
ir counsel, and the lovers were j1
ged to give each other up. I
nd proud spirit of the, sister. more
ban the opposition of the brother
a-law, that separated them, or rath
r that kept Lorena from marrying
Vebster. The minister saw her for
he last time at her home. learned
if her sister's unconquerable oppo
ItIon. heard his fate. and took a
tulet but painful farewell. very little
wing said. That night she wrote
urm a letter. in which she used the
words. so well remembered by those
amiliar with the song:
"If we try we may forget."
The effect of the separation was to
!rush the young man, and. writing
o a friend 26 years after the oc
:urrence. he said:
"I doubt if even to th!s day al
lark lines are erased from my
He resIrned his pastorate and
ought another field. smothering his
main tinder hard study and work.
knd the only sign of that pain the
world ever saw was the heart-cry in
he song of "Lorena." In 1S56 Rev.
Webster was residing in lacine. Wis.,
where he met J. P. Wobster. the com
ioser. who. though of the same
2ame, was not related to him. They
toon became very intimate. J. P.
Webster was doing considerab1
writing of music, but had trouble
inding appropriate words for songs
The Rev. Mr. Webster toldt him hi
would write him the words for z
song and in two days he produced
ne entitled "Bertha." a mere fanccy
name. When the composer came t<
set the music he wanted a name o!
tbree syllables, accented an the sec
ond. and the author made up thf
name "Lorena." The young lad3
who called out the words of tht
sentimental song was not Lorena
nor Bertha, but Ella. Ela Blocksom
The "Lorena" of the song late,
married - Judge W. W. Johnson o
[ronton, Ohio, a member of the su
preme court of the State. Mr. Web
ster subsequently married and livec
in Neenah, Wis., where be beetmn
the editor of a local paper.
Because "Lorena" became popula,
during the war many people wer
under the impression that 'it waj
composed during. that period. Tb
early copies. however, bear the in
scription. "Entered according to ac
of congress. 1857."
The song was a great favoriti
with Gen. John B. Magru-ler an<
probably got into the army from hi
headquarters In the Peninsula h
1862. The tune was a plaintive on
and easily within the capacity of thi
average amateur and this added to
Little less a favorite than "Lo
rena" was the heroine's reply, en
titled "Paul Vane," and the histor
of the first song would hardly b
complete without the words of thi
The 'years are creeping slowly by
The Winters come and go:
The wind sweeps past with mourn
ful cry, dear Paul.
And pelt my face with snow.
But there's no snow upon the heart
'Tis Summer always there:
Those early loves throw sunshin<
-And sweeten mem'ries dear.
I thought it easy to forget. dea:
Life grow'd with youthful hope
The glorious future gleamed lyet
And .bade us clamber up.
They frowning said "It must not
can not be:
Break now the hopeless bands!
And Paul, you know how well tha
i bent to their commands.
I've kept yo never in my heart, dea:
Thro' years of good and ill:
Our souls could not be torn apart
They're bound together stIll.
[ never knew how dear you were ti
'Till I was left alone:
[ thought my poor, poor heart woul<
break the day
They told me you were gone.
Perhaps we'll never, never meet
Upon this earth again:
But there where happy angels greet
-You'll meet Lorena there.
rogether up the shining way
We'll press with hoping heart
rogether thro' the bright eternal day
And never more to part.
While "Paul Vane" was not as
nelodious as "Lorena." yet in thi
>1d days where the words of the one
was found in the home the other
avariably was also found.
Tariff For Revenue.
No definite plan of tariff revision
was arrived at at the conference
n Washington Wednesday night be
ween the Democratic members 0f
he ways and means committee,..the
'emocratic members of the Ken'
ucky delegation. George Harvey of
'ew York and Henry Watterson. ac
-ord!ng to a statement issued by Mr.
Vatterson Wednesday night.
"Some brushwood was cot out of
he way and a clearing made L.n the
abyrinth of confus~on and mnisun
lerstanding which always. guard the
'proaches to the robber castle of
>rotectionism." said Mr. Watterson
le dectared that "the principb:iI of
evenue opposed to the principle of
>rotection as the bedrock cf what
ver plan the ways and means com
aittee of the house would adop't
;as the greneral idea of those pres
at at the meeting. He said that
entative committee on ways and
3eans soon would confer with the
erly elected members of the house
ud the work of colle'ting data.
'hich "can not be obte.!ned by th.
overnment and m'ust be relecateel
'y experts employed for the pur
ose" would be begu~n at once.
At Chicaro in a clash betwee~n
'riking garment workers and police.
ne workmnan was shot dead, an
:her fatally woundied and several
>mbatants on both sides seriously
id'red. Npn-union tailors. em
lov-dc by B. Kuppenheimer & Co..
:1'ing been assailed by tne sua
If the Edisto project fails It will
't be any fault of Mr. Lever. Hfe
us been on the job over since it was
'oposed. and is still on it. We hope
AFTER THlE FAKARS
M4ANY ARE ARRE2TED FOR US
ING THE MAILS TO DEFRAUD. A
Name% of the Persons and Some of A
the Slick Schemes They Used toA
Get Money. A
Nineteen arrests were made Fr!
day In towns in Pennsylvania and
New Jersey In the government's cru
sade against persons accused of us
ing the mails to defraud. The ar
rests were made by postal inspectore y
and all the defendants were given
hearings before United States com
missioners and held in bail for tral
or for further hearings on charges B
of "*using the malls to defraud."
Seven of the defendants were giv
en hearings in Philadelphia. These
.were four officials of the Chain Shce
Stores syndicate. with offices in Phil
adelphIa: two constitute the Pine
Heights company, a New Jersey land T
improvement concern with Philadel
phia connections, and the seventh s
a local physician.
The complete list of defendants y
Sv-ith the results of their hearings
follow: Chain Shoe Stores syndi
cate, Louis L. RicA. president. Phil
adetphia: Andrew C. Patterson. first
vice president. also president or the
- .xcelsior Trust company of Phila
delphia: Edgar Pohlit. second vicc
president and treasurer: Geo. H.
Brooks. vice president. Ph!ladelphia. C
Ieach was held in $1.000 bond for a
-Pine Heights company. Robert G.
Morris. Philadelphia: Har F. Stan- S
ton, Ocean City. N. J.. waived hear
ing and held in $500 baIl eich for
Other indi!duals arrested were:
Dr. J. B. Hornstein, Philadelphia,
$SOO bond held for the court:
Charles B. Mcree. Huntington. Pa..
$1.000 for a further hearing; J. S.
TLepsch. Ridgeway, Pa.. $2.300 for
- further hearing: John A. Weltzal. E
t Lancaster. Pa.. $1.000 for further
trial: Abra'n Stauffer and Osca- A.
Stauffer. Palmyra. Pa., $4,500 for
!cort: Ira C. Webster. Newark, N.
$1.000 for further hearing: Os
car Gustavson. Jersey City. $1.500
for further hearing: S. J. Sullivan 1
Pittsburg. $2.500 fo court: Lewis
Conrad. Conrad Lotze and Wm.
Bingham. officers of the Correspond
- ence Institute of America at Scran
- ton. $1.000 each for further hear
F ing. This orran!zatlon has no con
nection with the Internatlonal Co.
The government alleges that the
Chain Shoe Stores syndicate s;d
stock through fraudulent represen
tations. Dr. Hornstein. the Phil
adelphia physician, Is accured of
sending through the malls clrcnt'i,.
advertising a remedy and is charged
with making fraudulent statvaents
in his literature.
Conrad, Lotze and Bingham are
respectively the president, secretary
and treasurer and manager of the|-1
Corsodence Institute of America.
school students and wrote to themj
stating that their names had been
recommended as those of persons
with artistic talent. On this aceount
the Institute offered a $42i course ofg
said that there was no faculty of
dents enrolled on the books of caec
3McKee. who was arrested In Hunt
lngton, traded as the Charles B. Mc
K~ee Commirsion company and the|-1
Huntington Fruit and P-roduce comn
pany. It is alleged that he bought|.
produce of farmers through the
maIls and failed to make payment.
Lepsch is a jeweler. and Is al
leged to have defrauded the Adams
Express company with a faise claim
for $3 .000 damages. His claim was
an alleged loss of $2.000 worth of o
Jewelry which he said he had sent to s
s Philadelphia jewelry firm for ap-|v
praisal. It is charged that Lepsch
merely sent an empty box by ea
Weitzal is accused of buy!ng
bronze and Iron castings throu h
the mails and neglecting payment. d
Gustavson is said to have sent im
proper literature through the mails. b
Silverman Is alleged to have collected c
money for a supposed charity, using
the names of prominent Pittsburg .
men "1thout their consent.
The arrests are. It Is saId, ordered
by the ,.ostmaster general who had
postal inspectors at |work on the
cases for a month and a half. * g
Advance the Colors.
We take the following trom the t:
last issue of The Commoner. owned i
and edited by William J. Bryan:
BelievIng - at democrats do riot n
desire to engage in i sham battle
The Commoner confidently lays T
down these propositions: e
The democratic party must be 1
No Wall Street candidate can te
hope to hold the democratic vote.
Democracy must go forward tr
and meet present day problems ol
boldly in the spirit of Jefferson yt
and Jackson. of
The democratic victo'T of 1 910 ti
is the result of fourteen years of in
democrat:ic fight for reforms. tr
The party cannot retire now. pg
It must go forward. in
We heartily agree with all Mr. kt
PBryan says a:,ove It wou:ld be sul- va
-idal for the Demo-ratic party to O0
adopt any other course in the next
camnpairn. The people have turned co
to the Democratic party for relief. ;,di
and if the party fails them now, It !t
-!eserves and will be disastrously de- fl::
feated. Advance the colors to the I m,
fring line, and let every Democrat I ah
rally to them. and victory is sure. 'n
Why Not ifanit Him? , a
When eighteen-y'.-ar-old Geor e r<
finoh'as. coa. iced of the mu:r!.-r of
Efimn!:s Strrim:stas at Kalama- :h
zoor. Mic-h.. was sent.-nced to !!"e -
'n prisor ment he- he-tg.-d the o~licer 'h
in. hang him. ile said~ he w'ould rath -a
or die than face the proge:t ofth
sninthe rest of his day.s he--a
h~nd he Mr. illoohas con fesd :li0
.t- 'iro: 2d a boulder onf th.. head of atn
his v:etimn wh!!o the !a:?-r wasa
Those people who are try~ng to
-ead \\ iiiam~ Jennin~gs Bryan out of
he Democratic party seem to 1ose OL
sight of the fact that the party wouldnz
ie doornsed to defeat if they succeed-pe
- e r affneta i.n
PASS UNDER THE ROD.
saw a young bride in her beauty
Bedecked in her snowy array:
id the bright 11ush of joy mantled
high on Ler cheek.
And the future looked blooming
id with woman's devotion she laid
her fond heart
At the shrine of idolatrous love.
2d she anchored her hopes to this
By the chain which her tenderness
ut I saw when those heartstrings
were bleeding and torn,
And the chain had been severed
ie had changed her white robes for
the sables of grief.
And her bloom for the paleness
ut the Healer was there, pouring
balm on her heart.
And wiping the tears from hel
e strengthened the chai: He had
broken ir twain
And fastened it firm to the skies
here whispered a voice-'twas thi
voice of her God
[ love thee, I love thee! Pass undej
saw a yuung mother in tendernesm
O'er the couch of her dear slum
nd she kissed the soft lips as the:
murmured her name.
While the dreamer law smiini
sweet as the rosebud encirclei
When its fragrance is flung on thi
o fresh and so bright to that mothe
he seemed a
As he lay in his innocence there
ut I saw, when she gazed on tha
same lovely form,
Pale as marble a-:' silent and cold
lut paler and col.er her beautifu
And the tale of her sorrow wa
'ut the Healer was there who ha.
stricken her heart.
And taken her treasure away;
'o allure her to aeaven he ha
placed It on hhh,
And the mourtier will sweetl:
'here had whispered a voice-'twa
the voice of God
I love thee. I love thee! Pass unde
saw a fond father and mother wh
On the arm o0 a dear gifted soE
6nd the star of the future gre1
bright to their gaze
As they saw the proud place h
tud the fast-coming evening of lif
And its pathway grew smooth t
Lnd the starlight of love glimmere
bright at the end.
And the whispers of fancy wer
'hen I saw them again bending 1o1
o'er the grave
Where their hearts' dearest hop
had been laid;
Lfd the star had gone down in th
darkness of night.
4nd the joy from their bosom
lut the Healer was 'there, and Hi
arms were aruand,
And He led them with tenderes
sud showed them a star in the brighl
'Twas their star shining brilliant!.
'hey ha-d each heard a voice-'twa
the voice of their God
I love thee. I love thee! Pass unde
-Mildred L. Perry.
What the Farm Does.
In his annual report Secretar;
f Agriculture Wilson says "nothig.
iort of omniscience can grasp th<
alue of the farm products of thi:
ear. At no time in the world's his
>ry has a country produced farn
roducts within one year with
alue reaching S8.926,000.000, whicl
Sthe value of the agricultural pro
ucts of this country for 1910. ThlI
miount is larger than that of 190!
y $305,000.000, an amount of In
rease over the preceding year whicJ
small for the more recent years
he value of farm products frora
S99 to the present year has beel
rogressive without interruption. I.
ie value of that census year be re
arded as 100, the value of t'e agri
:ltura! products of 1900 was 106.4;
lat of 1901 was 112.7: that of 1903
as 119.1: that of 1903 was 124.8;
at of 1904 was 329.3; and that ol
90 was 133.
"The year 1906 was an extraordI
iry one for agriculture, both ir
.antity and In value of production.
he value increased to 143.4. as
mpared with 100 representing
999. In the next year. 1907, the
lue of agricultural pro:incts rose
15S.7: in the next year. 1908, tc
7.3: in 1909 to lS2.8: and In 11
189.2. or almost double the value
the crops of the census year eleven~
ars preceding. During this period
unexamilled agricultural produc
nr. a period of twelve years dur
g whl&e. the farmers of th~s coun
y have steadily advanced in pros.
rity, in wealth'and in economic
depenrience, in IntellIgence and' a
owledge of agriculture, the total
Iue of farm products is $79,000,
Think of it. The farmers of this
entry in the last eleven years have
ded seventy-nIne billion dollars to
wealth. Can you grasp these
'res? Remember that this im
tnse sum of mo-ney values was
soutely produced by the farmers
the last eleven years. In other
>rds. in the last eleven years the
-mers of the t'nIted States have
'red sevent.y-nine billion dollars
iere not a cent ex~sted before. Has
St'nited Sia?"s any more valuable
et than its farruers7 Ought not
: oerer.ent to protect this val
ble asset. instead of holdIng up
-farmers who~ constitute it by the
-1if !aw to be plundered of two bi!
n dollars each year by the trusts.
I oth'er plundering schemes, such
the protection of socailed !nfant
lustrien and other pet Institutionsi
sems so to us.
)ur readers will do well to read
-advertising columns and patro
e those merchants whose ads ap
er therein. They want your trade
WATCH POR FIRE&
Avoid the Accumulation of Infsm
Insurance Commissioner tcMaster
has asked all merchants In the State,
through a circular letter, to bewarel
of Christmas dres, caused by fire
works. He asks that each one use
precautions to prevent fires during
the holiday season, which might be
caused by firecrackers.
'Therefore,' says the commission
er, after calling attention to the un
usually large number of fires this
year. "this Is to ask you earnestly to
have the chief of your fire depart
ment make a ninspection of prem
ises, so that waste aqc~umulations
which might be set fre by careless
handling of fireworks, be removed.
"I most earnestly urge that due
precautions be taken to eliminate
the use of fireworks during the
"After the strain of business. in
cident to Christmas trade, there
seems to be a letting down among
the merchants, and a number of fires
occur from neglect of s"oves and
fireplaces used for heating purposes
in the stores."
The commissioner cuncludes that
the cooperation of the merchants is
asked so that the fire waste may be
reduced, which will mean that fire
Insurance premiums will ultimately
be made less.
NATIONAL GINNER'S REPORT.
Indicatew Yield Under E2eren 3M
According to the report of the
N.ational Ginners' association issued
at Memphis Friday about 477,000
r balels of cotton were ginned during
the period from December 1 to De
cember 13. compared with 481,000
bales in 1909. The report states
that the crop is 99 per cent picked
and 96 per cent ginned, indicating a
crop under 11,059.000.
The reports .from ginners show
that the ginning will be completed
by January 1.
The report by States follows:
Arkansas.. .. .. .. .. 672.000
F Louisiana.. ........ 230.00o
5 North Carolina.. .. ..658.000
Oklahoma.. ... .. 861.000
r South Carolina.. ....1,089,000
Texas.. ... ....2.862.000
D Various.. ............64,000
A New Cotton Compres.
The world's progress auring the
past two centuries has been largely
D a history of labor-saving' and time
saving Inventions, says the Atlanta
Journal. To this wonderful record
another chapter has been added by
the perfection of a cotton compress
that reduces the siz, Improves the
Fqnuaity and greatly economizes the
transportation cost of the cotton
ebale. It is called the Neely com
~tion, it means higher Industrial ad
vancement for all the south. A full
description of this press was pub
lished in The Times and Democrat
several months ago.
sPerhaps the most signal gain made
t by this Invention lies In the fact
that it does away with recompress
ting. Under the old'system the far
mers wagon load of cotton must be
hauled to a ginnery, wnence after it
ihad been ginned and loosely packed,
it must be shipped by rail to a steam
s compress, frequently over a long dis
.tance to be compressed again. Then
'it must take still another trip to
the port. But under the Neely sys
tem, the wagon load of cotton is
compressed at the ginnery itself. It
comes forth ready for shipment to
i the remotest point in the world.
This, it Is estimated. means a saving
a of not less than 85 to the bale for
the cost of recompressing and re
handling is wiped out, while the cost
of rail freight, marine freight, bag
1ging, tare and many other Items is
In addition to this the new ginnery
compress vastly improves the pack
age In which cotton is shipped from
the south. For long years the Amer
lcan cotton bale has been a sore vex
ation to the foreign market. At the
International Cotton congress, held
some years ago at Manchester, Eng
land, it was declared: "The Eng
lish, French and German vocabu
laries have been ransacked in vain
for words strong enough to de
nounce the American bale."
The new ginner-y compress satis
fies this very need. The bale it turns
out is rectangular in form and meas
ures eighteen by thirty by fifty
inches. With a density of thirty
pounds per cubic foot, it is so, com
pressed that the bale is freed from
air ,thus becoming well nigh imper
vious to fire and water and proof
-arainst the wear of transportation.
It can gIrdlei the globe and still be
In prime condition. Such a system
means money saved for the farmer.
the ginner. the carrier, the insurance
companies and for the spinner. It
is of local interest to note that this
mechanism !s the invention of a
southern man, Mr. Samuel M. Neely.
of Chester, S. C.
SenaUL lette, the -est in
4urgent Republican. gave out when
're reached Washington the other
lay that he hadi been operated on
luring the recess and cured of a
trouble that bad impafred his activ
!tfes. When Crane. the standpat Re
publican Senator from Massachu
4etts heard this, he threw up his
hands and exclaimed: "Good Lord'
If L~a F'ollette was sick all the time
he was kIckIng up those rumpuses in
the Senate the past three years. what
ire we to expect. now that he as
Fooling With Carbiele.
At Lamar A. W. Rogers, who has
eharge of the hardware depa-tment
of the McSween company's depart-.
ment store struck a match while
looking in the carbide tank. Natu r-I:
ally the tank blew up and carried off I:
the roof of the building and Mr. 'I
Rogers' cap and small portions of Ia
adin from his face. ')
It has ecme to a fine pass when
the governor has to be pentrior.ed
to let a murderer be hanged after
te has been oonvicted. Is it any b
wonder that we have numnerous mur' jif
BACK TO THE PEOPLE
S KEYNOTE OF SPEECHES AND
LETTERS AT BANQUET.
Both Harmon and Foss Stress Point
That Public Power Must be Used
for General Good.
Only two out of silix Democratic
governors-elect were able to be pres
ent at a banquet given !n theirmhon
or by the Natiotal Democratic club
of New York at the Waldorf-Astoria
Friday night. John A. Dix of New
York and ugene N. Foss of Massa
chusetts were there. but regrets
were sent by Woodrow Wilson of
New Jersey. Judson Harmon of Ohio,
Simon E. Baldwin of Connecticut
and Frederick E. Plaisted of Maine.
Two of the absentees,' however.
Messrs. Wilson and Harmon, sent
letters which were read and both
Mr. Dix and Mr. Foss delivered ad
Norman E. Mack, chairman of the
Democratic national committee. pre
sided and seated near him were- Rich
ard Croker, former leader of. Tam
many Hall. and Charles F. Murphy.
the present leader.
John Fox. president of the club.
was too In to attend. A telegram
was received shortly before the din
ner began that Gov.-elect Baldwin
bad an engagement to speak tn
The letters of Or. Wilson and Gov.
Harmon were read before any ad
dresses were delivered. Gov. Har
mon's letter said In part:
"We must Justify the confidence so
signally expressed or the victory at
the polls will not be the cause ot
rejoicing, and we shall not do this
if the ronduct of public business falls
below the standard of the campaign.
Mere personal desires, selfish pur
poses and Importunities for special
favor must be swept aside" and all
-publi-authority be employed for the
general rood alone
'Mr. Dix condied himself Jargely,
to an account of New York State do
velopments and resources. -E. 0.
Foss, governor-elect of Maieahu
setts, said In part:
"I want to say at the outset that
T am a protectionist. The protec
tion which I believe in carries with:
It a large measure of reciprocity. In
fact;I believe that protection without
reciproeity Is indefensible. My ad
vocacy of this kind, of protetion
ruled me out of the Republican par
ty In Massahusetts.
"I can speak only for Massachu
setta but in that State at least the
issue-on which the campaign was so
signally fought and won is thir. To
bring the government back to the
people. The only way to do It., the
business way, Is by eliminating al
go-betweenzKthe boss and his agents.
the caucus the nominating conven
tion and the lobby.
"Before we get an honest revision
of the tariff the senate itself must
be revised-our enaors must be
virtually elected by popular vote.
The direct primary and the -election
of the United States senators by the
people will eliminate the lobby and
its .train of corruption."
.-n putting a tax on potash of one
tollar per ton, Germany is giving the
finited States some of Its own medi
:ine.: The only trouble about the
-ax Is that it falls principally on the
'armers of the South, who suffer'as
such as the Germans do from the
>perations of the tariff on which -they
are retaliating by putting this tax
an potash. Thus It is the farmers are
robbed coming and a-going.
Nearly all the fine colored post
:ards used in this country up to a
few months ago were made in Ger
many, but the duty Imposed on them
'ay the new tariff law now shuts
them out, and dealers- are now co'm
melled to pay a higher price for in
'erior cards made in this country.
Possibly this is one of the reasons
why Germnany has put a one dollar
ner ton. tax on potash.
it was heralded all over the coun
-ry just before the election - that
President Taft had appointed a Bog
ton negro to a very Important office
~nWashington. Now It Is intimated
that his nomination will be with
irawn, as the office to which he was
&pponted will -be unnecessary after
the pres.ent incumbent serves his
time out. At- lest that is what
Cuncle Joe Cannot says.
In making Asociate Justice White
af the United States -Supreme Court,
Chief Justice of that tribunal, Pres
!dent Taft gives to the South the
2ighest national honor conferred on
-his section since the close of the
:lvil war. If the South can furnish
a chief justice for the nation's high
est court, why can't It furnish the
aation with a president?
Bryan is right in contending that
-he reorganization of the Democratic
,arty now should not be entrusted
-o the socalled Democrats who helped
-o elect Taft two years ago. The
Saimore Sun w'as a strong sup
morter of the Republican ticket In
'.908, but it now wants to take
tharge and direct the Democratic
*ampaign. We welcome back to the
'old all erring Democrats, but we
tre opposed to putting them in
-harge ot the vital Interests of the
Teddy has climbed back on the
'tandpat Republican band-wagon by
traising President Taft In a public
epeech. The Democratic landslide
eems to have sobered the great blus
The first battle of 3fanassas. whero
be green troops of the South de
eated almost twice their number.
~alf of whom were socalled seasoneo
egulars. demonstrated the fact that
re do not need a large standing army
o defend our country from foreign
ILee Fntire Corn Crop.
David Giliam, a. prominent far
1er of Abberille county Tost his en
re crop of corn yesterday by firm.
'ha corn had just been hauled up
ud stacked away for the shredder
-hen it caught fire from the engine.
The booze houses are advertising
Mir booze quite exztenstwy4 in ts
ection. Oir advice to a!! is to let
ooze severely alone this Ch:stre:
they have nev~er done so on any