Newspaper Page Text
EW SCHOOL LAW:
Diastic Measufe That is Now Paulg in
the emeIA Assemby.
CHANGES ARE RADICAL
Take the Schools Out of the Hands
of the l'ople and Puts Them in
the Hands of Seven Men. Who
Appoints l'ractically All School
There is a most drastic bill now
pending in the General Assembly.
which. if passed. will take the man
agement of the schools of the State I
out of the hands of the people and
lodge it in the hands of a few men.
who are appointed by the State Sup
erintendent of Education. It is a
bill that the General Assembly
should consider and let the people
discuss before it is enacted into law.
The bill was introduced in the
Senate by Seuatora Sinkler. of Char
leston. and Senator Christensen. of
Beaufort. and maxes most radical;
changes in our present school law.
The Columbia correspondent of
The News and Courier says "while
some mention has been made of the
report of the commission appointed
at the last session of the General
Assembly to look into the present
school law and to report at this ses
sion n:eded legislation. It is doubt
ful that ten members of the Gen
eral Assembly,. aside from the edu
cational committee of the House and!
Senate. have gone fully into the bill
drawn up under the commission-s
report and know exactly what will be
accomplished If such a measure.
passes." ra: is why we say the!
bill should not be rushed through.
the General Assembly.
The law declares that a liber':
and effic!ent system of free public
education shall be maintai.ed
throughout the State. Separate
schools and institutions of learnin
shall be pro. ;:eti for persons of tc
white ani colored races an-; na ch!!d
or person )f )w. of these v . - shall
ever be permt:tted to -t .- r ! a school
or educational institutional provideC
for children or person.; of 'the otner
race. The syslem shall embrace ele
mentary schools in every school dis
trict or city or town where such city
or town is not embraced In some
school district for the education of
children between the ages of six and
twenty-one years: high sihoo-s. as
hereinafter provided for. the Unl
versity of South Carolina. Clem-on
Agricultural College. Winthrop Nor
mal and Industrial College. th-e In
stitution for the Deaf and Blind. t1,
State Colored College of South Car
olina. Agricultural and Mechvwical
College. and such other special and
technical achoozs as may from t~na
to time be established in wn,..ee er
part at pubil: erpense."
The bill would give the State 'up
erintendent of Education $?.50u per
annum and $600 travelling expenses
which wosid make him the highest
paid State offcer, except the Gov
ernor. The State Superintendent.
.by Section 4 of the bill, would be
given division supervisors. "It will
be exceedingly profitable to have all
of the cou~ity superintendents of the
State assemble at least once a year
to discuss matters pertaining t'o the
educational advancement of their re
spective counties." says the report,'j
and the bill provides for this.
It has been pointed out from time
to time that the reports of school
offcers have been incomplete as to
the State department of education.
The commission provides for this In
its recommendation and the bill
could enact it Into law. "In order."
writes the commission. "that the
statistics of the State Superintendent
may have real significance it is high
ly important that the reports of all
school offcers shall be complete and
be promptly sent In."
The bill makes the board of ed
ucation consist of the Governor, the
State Superintendent of Education
and five members (instead of seven;
as~now) to be appointed by the Gov
ernor upon recommendation of the
State Superintendent of Education.
The term is four years. A diffculty
Is avoided by piroviding that the ap
pointive members shall serve out the
terms for which they were appointed.
At least three members of those to
be appointed shall be professional
teachers regularly employed in edu
cational work. Instead of a per diem
the board is paid only actual travel
ing and hotel expenses.
A text-boolk commission is cre
ated by the b!lI. "The mesting at
which the adoption (of text-books)
is finally made shall be open to the
public." says the bilL. The commis
sion is to be composed of five schoo;
men. The report says: "In creat
ing a text-book commission it is not
intended In any way to interfere
with the powers of the State board
of education. but simply to give the
board the benefit of the co-operation
of live school men whose successful
experience should render such co-op
eration or great value."
Certain changes in the text book.
matter are made in the bill, as suxg
gested by the commission. A bind
ing contract with all publishers of:
the text books adopted is necer
in order to render the adoption ef-.
Section 12 provides. in accordance
with the commission's recommenda
"There shall be appointed by the
State board of education three di
vision supervisors, who shall consti
tute the Stat- boari of examin'ers
for teachers, and who shall have full
power and authority. subject to re
view cr (heir action by the State'
board! of Moex,:tion:
1. To f'ormo;ate a srstemn for the
examina'tion and certification orf
teach--rs in .ne public schools.
2~. To grant teachers' certificates.
which shall be valid throtihout the'
STo r-:'voke tear-hers' eertificatles
for !imoral or unprofessional con
duct, of ev dent unfitness for teacn-:
It is also provi~"d that no diploma
or certific'e from~ arty universit:.
colieue or normai school or other in
it on : rminn shall e.--m:y
.)r h':r ~iceatin to teacrh. unle' -
tri course i.as b'een ap'proved by the -
State bo-ird of education and '2he
Looking toward stability and con
tinuity in the work of the county
boards, says the report, certain
chavges are made. one being that
the county superintenden.t shall not
be a member of that board. No per
son is eligible to the county board
who is not -, qualiled elector. rlhe
compensation is limited to a per
diem. 'The allowance of mileage in
the old law is stricken out. The
number of days' service is made the
same In all countios. not exce-,-::ng
twenty days. The per diem Is live
The- most dras!" provf-o- of
new school projposed law, in the
words of th conmis-ion. and in the
opinion of'na:.. is that section ;ro
viding that the county superint-nd
ents of educ.4tion be selected :y the
county board of education. instead of
by the people In the primary as at
present. The section of the bill pr'
viding for LhiS says:
"To select and emp!ny for a term
of four years a suitable expert. as
hereinafter provided. for county
superintendeats of education. and to
fnx his salary. whIch shall be paid
out of the special county tax: Pro
vided. that no county superintendent
of education shall be paid less than
twelve hundred dollars a year."
The commission says that there is
a very gen.cral demand that some
tmeans be recured for expert super
vision of the schools. The folle-vin:
s-tfeguards are thrown about the
employment of county superintend
ent the commission claims:
.First of all the county superin
tendent is made an employee of the
county board and not an orice-hold
er. The evils attendant upon the po
litical securing of a job are too w'll
known to need rehearsing.
The superintendent must be not
less than 25 years of age. thus In
suring maturity and professional ex
perience in the works of the corr
He shall have bet.l a res!dent of
:he State for not less than one ye.r
prior to his -itct!on.
He shall have served as -- reguls:
te-cher or :.zperintendent in some(
organized school or school system at
least two scholnstic :ars betore h.
is eligible to the position.
The bill makes provisions to pre
vent the wae of nonev on nfeec
ti'e plans for sc'hool bu"l lir. a
guards ag.:nst incompetent 'each
What the Commisdion Wants.
Here ar- some of the ra.Iic-al ret
ommendati'ja uf the com:nission p
into the bill now before thte Gene'ra.
Assembly bearin.g favorable re;>ort
from the committee on education:
1. An =mendment to Sect!on 2.
Article II. 'Lnd to Section 24. Article
III. of the Constitution. wilr remov3
the obstacle that presents many of
our best men from serving as sehool
trustee. Though the Constitution
forbids the holding of two offices,
this provision has. by common con
sent. been widely disregarded. Thi
amendment seeks merely to lezalize
service to education when rendered
In connection with other service tc
2. The State Superintendent of
Education is held responsible for the
acts of the State board of education.
and. In the opinion of the comnmis
sion, he should have some voice in
selecting its members. It is., there
fore. recommended that Section 2.
Article XI. of the Constitution. be
amended so that henceforth the Gov
ernor shall appoint the State board
of education. upon the recommenda
tion of the State Superintendent.
3. The commission recommends
the appointment of a State board of
examiners for teachors in orde'r that
the present varying standards ma'
be harmonized by the establishmecnt
of a uniform method in the examnina
tion and gradation of applicants to
tion and gradation of applicants to
4. The county board of education
is given larger and dictatorIal pow.
ers In three important respects:
'First---It is :riven the right to levy
a special county wi~hout taking a
vote on It.
Second-It is given the right to
apportion all school fur.ds.
Thirda--It is given the right to
choose from eligible? applicants the
county superintendent of education
to serve !or a term of four years.
This takes away the r!ght of the peo
ple to vote for this official in the pri
mary as they now do.
5. The right of all special school
districts organized under special
Acts of the General Assembly to
adopt their own text-books has. been
withdrawn. The State Superintend
ent of Education Is empowered to
appoint a text-book commission, com
posed of five public school men, to
act concurrently with the State board
of education to adopt a dual list of
text-books and to prescribe the uni
fied courses of study for all the free
public schools of the State.
6. The meni bers of the State board
of examninera for teachers shall serve
also as divisIon supervisors of
schools, who, under the dir.-ction of
the State Superintendent. sh~il audit
school accounts and performi such
other duties as may be assiurned.
7. The county superintendent of
education is to be elected by the
county board~of education, in order
that restricted qualifications may be
demanded of all applicants. The
term of the county supt-rintendent is
made four ye-ars. and th.. a. :
salary in any county is $1.-. ".
A. The State high school law Is
simplinied and strengthened, andl the
hich scool appropriation increased to
9. The State bioard of edurestion i
authorized to claussifv ur.der a r.'co
niz'-d nomaenc!attre the schools and
colleges of the St::te.
10. County boardis of education
and school distric-t bo'ard of trusto--s
tre made etntinuin:- bo i-ns in ord--r
that a mtaiority of the-ir u::embers
mnay be able . atall time-s. to forma
11. .\n .idlentat--. 'sy-:."' of retort
s prov id'd mn ord .-: a: .ThoolC ste
:istics mty bo relabele.
1:2. The State Suwrinten..nt of
F'd:cation is t-eqire-~d tolkeep acor
--st acc-out: of n! seh"..-oi bonds andl
ax levies prodd~ed for their re-rire
1. Fne~h counvy s-in"-int..nlenat
'f edjucat:on is re'ntre-a t.- s: ::. -r
be grand Jurey a wr't -n r.eor
howinc. by ,chcool da:ria. :'l! re
tsand d.sbuars.-nt.'.s :.d- b
SOME WARM TALK
REPRISENTATIVE WILLIAMS OF
AIKEN S1'EAKS PLAINLY.
Houwe P&aaoed His iill on New Coun
ty Matter by an Overwhelming
In tho House Mr. Wiikams' b!ll to
prevernt the formnazion of deforne!
n -i:used second reading with
u o Saturday. Monday
night the notion was made to re
com mit it.
!r. Gasque spoke In favor of the
hill. ie spoke of the bitterness
sonetim's caused by new county
fhghts. Thp.re is no reason now for
"zerrandring'' since the negro
has beer .orred out of politics, and
obblo-skirted and narrow-waisted
Mr. Dixon also favored the oill. It
has got so now that if a territory
objects to taxes or prohibition or
other local cor iltions in their cotin
ty. at once the threat is made that
they xll le:ve the old county and
go into sonie other.
Mr. Cour:enav of Edgefieid de- I
elared his persona! annosition to the
formation of Ilevward county, but
h helieves that the constitutional
requirements have been met and
that those restrictions are severe
Dr. Turnb'll of Aiken made a
Spirited speech for the bill. tIe de
clared that twice has the Heyward
county proposition been defeated and
now it comes back up here in an al
most identical form and It is all the
poropos!tion of one land corporation.
ie oppose-i the new county warmly
and favored the bill.
'Mr. Ri:::!e-. of North Augusta.
i'en county. denied flatly Dr.
Tu;rnbull's stat ?ment. He arzrue.l
tha? the prople of North Augusta as I
well as the land company. favors the
n--w c'%unty. The people of that ter
ri erv have complied with the re
of the constitution and
:hose roriuirements are severe
raoutch. He made a strong and ear
nes' ,;ht against the bill.
Mr. Remrbert declared the bill un
Mr. Steven!son i-. a very clear man
r show. that the bill is not in
violation of the constitution. Mr.
Steversons -eclared that that propo
sitien had been fought out in the
formation of Dorchester county 14
ears ago. When *'Josh'' Ashley
tried to get a part of Abbeville voted
into And'rson a few years ago this
-ne proposition was again deter
Mr. Williams of Aiken. author of
the bill. declared that he had not
intended to say anything on the hIll
s its merits should be apparent.
Ttlat as it had Deen Intimated that he
had made a personal fi:ht on th
nromoters, he would resent It and
would preacn the funeral of Hey
Mir. Williams did not mince his
words a bit. He declared that this
b!ll is an outrage. That It see-saws
a-ross the county of Aiken fro-n El
lenton on the south to Parksville.
or somewi'tre near the Greenwood
!!ne The county is 50 miles .
length and only three miles across
y the ironosed county seat and this
'hree-mIle line is within eight miles
of the cour-t house of Aikten.
Hie charged that the effort to
name thIs county was an insult to
(ov. Heyward who was in ofnlce at
the time, because the effort wa.
ma'-'e to gain his favor by show'ng
that his namc would go down into
history In this manner. He alleged'
t hat the prf.s-nt governor was also
insulted by hav!ng his former law
:'artner employed as one of the at- 1
-orneys of the new county. but he<
had been too much of a man to be
swayed by such blandishments.
Mr. Williams declared further
that the attempts to create this new
county arn all the ambitions of one
man and that he has already put the
county of Aiken to a .great deal of
expense In the two elections In whfch
he has fatzed anl there is now be
fore the levliature a claim for
$1l.SOO for surveying this butterfly
'Mr. Williams also paId his respects
to the attorneys enraged on tnis
ptroposition. Hie declared that his
bill would prevent in the future all
such shoestring propositions of
counties and that the lawyers who I
.keep these matters in lItigation so
successfully would net then have
such an opportunity.
He concluded by saying that he
h-id not wished to express himself so
riointe-diy on the bill but he had bee-n,
forced to do so by circumstances. '
When he concluded the house voted,
on the motion to recommIt and the,
motion ws rejected. The taill then~
tasse-l third reading and was sent to ,
dis'rict lines be clearly and definite-t
15. The most fundamental chance a
recom'mended in the report is the
new de fxion of enrolmernt. which
bases the apportionment of pulli*'
school funds on the averagre attend-a
-e of pup:ls. l'nder this deiltion I
the teacher, the school, and the de
trict lose :noney every day a pupi! s
is absent, and gain every day he ist
l1t. An attempt is made to estab-t
!!sh a perman.nt State school fund I
and a permanent bui!.!in fund. e
17 Tbh additional expenditures
re'i'ird. --y this report will be in- c
e .-a-ed. s.. aries for county superin- h.
trantionts of education, a small appo- fi
ritoo ci a:anxteeinu to e-ich schoolp
d :rsct sne separate school for thre.-I
months for pupils of each race. th--jo
ali o' whi~ch will imp;ose only sliah'
. p.-nditues ablove -:.-sent aprp;ro- r
-.i:u a.' ccithor by the severa!
*co:i- or by th-- Ge.:nejrat .Assemblyv
Ihu: this hill bee~xme a law it .
w*! * :---al :'pt our .chooi systes:
in the hant.is of th.- State Superin
tone et of E:duction. A-rt' the peo
~-' rd to g:ve one man snech a
nohe r izlintr. I
-- 'h" re-ui of a row hoTW-en
;-'r 4'--- an.ie D rmpy.tte. two
NOW THE LAW
he Genral Assembly Passes a Mar
ripge License Measure
TEXT OF THE NEW LAW
Ater a Long and Hard Fight th
General A.senbly Pamses a Gen
eral Marriage Licen.e Law. Whic
ecome-'i Effective On and Afte
The legislature of South Carohn;
as passed a marriage license bill
'his is the otcome of 25 years o
'fort. Tuesday in the house of rep
esentatives there was a long de
,ate and T. 11. Fraser opposed th
ill !n a powerful argument. but b
. majority of Eifteen the house rote
own oppo:;it-on and gave favorai
ction to the measure which has a!
eady passed the senate The fol
his is the outcome of 25 years c
Section 1. That from the first da
f July. 1911. It shall he unlawft
or any person to contract matr:
niony within this State without fir
irocuring a license as Is hereinafte
>rovided: and It shall likewise to b
nlawful for any one. whomsoevei
o perform the marriage ceremon
or any such person without sai
ersons first Celivering to the part
>erforming said marriage ceremon
license as is hereinafter prorlde<
luly authorizing said persons to cor
ract matrimony. Any officor or pe1
on performing the marriage cer(
nony without the production of su.'
icense shill on conviction there4
>y payment of a fine of not mor
han $100 and not less than S25 c
mprisonment of not more than thi
y days nor less than ten days.
Section 2. For the purpose c
-arryinc out the foregoing provii
ons. the Judge of Probate shall I.
we a license for the marriage <
Ly persons upon the payment of
ee of $1 therefor. and a statemen
inder oath or affirmation. '.o th
-ffect that the persons seeking t
ontract matrimony are legally c;
acitated to marry. together wit
he full names of the persons, the:
tes and places of residence. Of th
ee of $1 the Judge of Probate sha
-etain twenty-five cents as his tor
ensation: the remaining sevent:
ve cents shall be paid Into ti
ounty treasury and go to the scho<
und of said county: Provided. n
uch license shall be issued when th
voman or woman-chIld is under th
Lge of 14 or the man is under tb
ize of IS: Provid'd. further. th,
vhen either party to the :propose
narriaze shall be under IS years <
g-' and shall reside with the fath.
>r mother o-: other relative or gua
ian the Prorate Judge shall not i
ue a license for such marriage ut
he consent of such relative or gual
lan in writing shall first be deil
-red to him. Provided, that sue
icense shall be issued in the cout
ies of Rleaufort. Colleton. Darlin;
on. Horry. Georgetown and Sumute
y the clerks of Court.
Section 3. That upon the hack 4
ach license so Issued there sha
>e a blank to be filled out by th
>arty performing the marriage cert
nony, and shall be signed by bet
ontractin2 parties, the form of th
lcense and certificate shall bea
-State of South Carolina.
"Whereas. !t has been made to a;
ear to me........... .Judge c
rohate fo . .. .. .. ..County. upo
....... of..........are legal:
apacitated to contract matrimon:
nd that their ages are respectivel
. .. years and . . .. months, an
.- years and . . .. months, an
hat their race is ......,.and thei
at ionality is .. .. .. ..These ar
herefore. to authorize any perso
ualified to perform the marria:1
eremonies to perform the marriag
eremony for the persons abo;
a.-med. anid for the so doing thi
hall be suffc~ent warrant.
"Given under my hand and set
his . ... day of ... . .,.A. D.,..
'Judge of Probate for . . .. County.
"'Cerificate-This is to certify th:
....... .did this day perform th
narrlage ceremony for the with:
amed persons at ........... ..
. .day of ...... ..A. D. .
"Section 4. It shall be the dut
i the party performing the mar
a-e ceremony to take the marrlag
icense and fill out certificate
narriage and within 15 days tur
he same over to the JTudge of Prc
ate, who issued it. and it shall b
he duty of the Judge of Probate
''ord an!1 index sanme in a bool
opt for that purpose. and it shall t
he duty of Judge of Probate to is
ne a certified copy of said licens
nd certificate to a.ny person upo:
uch person paying him the sunt
' twenty-five cents as a fee terefor
Section 5. That all fines impose<
ndl recovered for any violation o
his Act shall be p'i~d to cou:nt
reisurer and credited by him to th'
rhool fund of :he county int whici
he violation occurs.
S.etion R. Nirhing herein con
:it"ed shut render any n..xrriage il
mal without the issuance of a i
"Section 7. The producti'n of suec
ertificate or a copy thercof with th,
ank on thc ha.'k thereof p'roperi.
led out and .ained by the persm
erforminm such ceromony. antr cot
fed lby the clerk of Court or .lud:a
f Probate. is issued by that oml.ee
iall br- c.-ive.! as sumeiientt ..r!
nce in ;:-oolf of contract of ma:
z?~. 'owenr the partie: therir
smdin any of the Courts of i:
ate. Providedi. that notin:: in th
esha!! prevent proof of mnarria~a
.*i an a n'iw al'low+-d y !a A i:
Section S. That only mni~nst'rs a
V- *:.spel and! offcers authoI trizedl t
rminist'- oaths in this Stait ti:
:thorirned to administer a marriag
eremony in this State.
Sure I llend.
The will of Henry Abbott. Sr.. o:
r.dia. Pa.. r---;-:ires that his body
IRe:' in an open coffin for 4' days
-er his deaith and that it be viewn
aly. If he is still dead aft- r Ta
DESTRUCTIVE TIDAL WAVE DEl
UGES AN ISIAND.
Diga.ter Follows the Violent Erup
tion of a Volcano in the I'hiuill
A dispatch from Manila says ar
Anierican scitool teacher who ht
- tr.iversed Lfe west shore ' L
Taal. telerraphs that nve snl:.
lrges were destroyed by h
r wave and that not less than ". - per
sons have been killed in that vi.n
ity. Many were burned in fires start
Led by mol:en mlasses.
A constabulary relief det-.m'n
reports tweive persons were drow'ne
and one killed by !!ghtning at Tab
say and th.t three! persons wert
drowned at Lemery. The gove nmn:,
is hurrying relilef trains to th.- se--ne
el Many persons. all native's. lor,
the!r !uYes in the tida! wave whiti
- followed the .-rupifons of :.;e *.i
d cano Taal. accordin- to pre-.: a i
r rices. All the towns within a rndi::
of fully twenty m!!es have P-:':rc
- damage fro'n> th.- ran of rrud an.
stones which enutinnes.
The eruptions continued Monday
The sky was cloudless and there wa
no wind but the muddy rain fel
ste*adily. The natives have aban
doned their village homes in the vi
eiy of Lake Taal and sou::ht re'
uge in the surrotnding hills.
4e Mount Taal. rises in the. venter o
r Lake Taal. a body of watr not mor
than fifteen miles in circumferen-c
d It is thirty-four miles fr-.i ManIl:
y from which dense clouds of smok.
rising from the cratti are plain!.
The observatory authorities he
lieve that Manila is in no danger. bu
?here is some alarm among 1he na
,i-. .ho r.-ralled the destruct.e
caused by Mount Mayon. the otin
e volcano on Luzon. in 1S97. So fat
however. Mayon has shown n
invest!iators of the bureau of sci
ence report that with the first vic
5-lent rumblings of the volcano. Tli
1 jtowns of Teal. Lomory and Palisa
seem to have su'ered most.
a 'Mount Taal rises 1.65(s feet fror
the center of Lake Taal province e
S ftatangas. Luzon. It is the seron
0ovolcano in importance in Litzon. an
- has experi--need eight violent di!
b turbiances preceding the present on
e It has been more or less activ
I from time immemorial. Its most d
structive eruptions occurred in 175
and continued for a period of si
e months. causina much loss cf Hi
) and enormous destructor of propert
0 There were less serious outbreaks
e IS'.S and 1S73.
e In 17G9 Miount Mayon was In eru
e tion for two months. destroving th
Lt towns of Cnesauaa and Malinao. ti
d irether with st.-eral villages. In IS
Orit burst forth again destroying fiv
S After the eruption of TaaI on Sat
u trday the volcanic island appeare
ato sink Sve feet and the waters
Sthe lake rising, swept the shores
mile inland, carrying away the barn
h hoo shacks and catching a score
Snatives. Others In the vicinity h:a
taken warntrng and fled at the firn
trumblngs of the volca".o.
Another eruption took place I
f \May. 1S97. when four hundred pe:
I sons lost their lives. The latest out
e ttreak. less severe, was in diarci
e E.\' S'A L ACCID)ENT.
Three Persons Killed by a Sign Tha
At P-hiladelphia on Monday deat
a swooped down upon a crowd of sho;
n ;ers in busy M\arket street, when
d big sheet metal sign blown from
7' roof fell among them and killed tw
'-men and a girl. A half dozen othe
y persons were injured. several so ser!
d ously that they were taken to i hos
I The sirn was about twenty fee
e wide and ten feet high and stood o
'the roof of a four-story huildingi
e the heart of the retail shopping di.
Strict. A panic ensued and some en
e turned in an~ alarm of fir.-. whlc
s brought out the fireme.n. thus add in
to the excitement.
- HAD TO ItE D'G OU'T.
Burglar Canght H ard and Fast in
e ~ Chimney.
.A rather unusual incident in th
..criminal annals occurredi at Eator.
eon. GIa.. last w'-ek: Two nenroes
attemptint to enter the country stor
of .Mr. Joseph H1. Webster, about si
miles out, on the Orotne.- .prin
road, decided to make an ent:a
by going down the chimney of t
store. In so do'ng. the wouldr-:
b urglars made a sad mistake incm
k;uiting th? -alibre of the ch'mre
land also the avoirdupois of thet
own anaton.les - -the first one go'n
.Iown. -et::; hung hart! and .
n .he chir-mi.y. formoin.: an *ff--.
cork to further o;>erations insi-!' the
Heoig Tvor.- :and more fr:Ibt
endat hstaiitre to nmore htimtse!
th.- approac-h of dlawn and. iren:k
chimrey. bec.in su.-: a io .i a:.*r:n i
'hri.-.s and yells that his com::panie:
ehd ;.osthaste antd th-- c-ommutn:e
for some dia::ane :routnd thte strs
w:'s aroused by. hi-. crie-. F:a'y :n
was !oented !n the chdimney:. and I
was necessary to scura ;uiks an
ax-s. and d.a a h.-Ie into the chimne:
to -.lease hrnm. Later bouth nt.:roe:
were arrested :und. jaile d.
r ArrestedI on Fraud Chargeo.
- An As .iated P'res- dis~atth im.L
. \'adIost a, e s.. s-:ys D. i . %- I!"
a ho wa:- :ro:niin.:y *'~ ri--.:-I! ni
s he Suwana-. "i.-r. Florida. un
broutght there MdondIay and ordl--e
he-ld unadet bond for th- F~r.
ino him n :h :s:n.: -h-. -:: '-- :0 'l
fr:ud in th:s project. Th- Init
- He~ Was arres-.-d alIou.is a
M-.ch jnt.*r.*-:: ise a red in th.
wedding or M1iss Lana Tillmnan.
en~st-r MS.na:nr Tiitman. an!
(Charles Sut tner 3.l o or. a 'a :.-:, :
ear in Ap:3 ah- lhon:-. of M41.
Tmin a-c .pares Trenton. . C.
GlS NEAR CUBA
Brave Aviator Compelled to Descend
en Miles from Havana
TE AIR MAN GVEN OUT
flies at the Rate of Fifty Miles an
Hout-4tarts From Key We->t.
Fla.. and When Near His Goal Had
to Light in the Water.
After a week of nerve-racking
anxiety. Aviator J. X. D. McCurdy in
,t Curtiss biplane. r'ated on hi-;
much-heralded iight from Key West
to Havana at ~:32 o'clock Monday
I morning. At Key West a light
breeze was blowinz and the sea was
-smooth. Similar reports came by
wirel-ss from Havana. and McCurdr.
-%he., atierce had nearly been ex
iausted by a week of anxious wait
ng. ;uickly decided to make the
Early 'Monday morning orders
were issued to the government boats
at Key W-est. and they immediately
took their positions ten miles apart.
When word came by wireless from
:he torpedlo boat destroyer Roe that
:he boats were all ready for him.
M(Curdy got ready to make the
.:izht. Every brace and wire of the
->iplane had been thoroughly tested.
-Th, metor had been tuned up and
irnid a silence that was almost op
-.ressive. McCurdy took his p:sitioa
:)n the aeroplane. The engine was
started. an assistant gave the pro
eller a couple of twists.
McCurdv listened a moment to the
ound of the motor and then raised
r hand s a si:.nal to the men ho!d
r z the machine to let go. Swiftly
* he aeroplane ran along the smooth
round for about one hundred feet.
Then easily and gracefully it rose
ro:n the earth and McCurdy com
mei:ced to mount to the sky. As he
eft the ground the assembled crowd
.:ave a mighty cheer. McCurdy
-aved his hand and was off on the
.nost diticult trip over the sea that
has even been attempted.
With tremendous velocity the
dzeat white-winged plane shot out
-iver the smooth waters. Anxiously
the crowd gathered on the shore.
vatched the -machine as it grew
imaller and smaller and faded from
4ight. Anxiously they waited for the
rst news by wireless. and when the
ispatch came that he had passed
he third boat. thirty miles from
shore and was flying smoothly. an
nther niighty cheer was riven.
While the last details were being
:ooked after MrCurdy stood about
almly smoking a pipe. He lookea
ool and confident. At 6:45 the ma
-hino was rolled into place. and five
at the ice factory woke upi the town
xith a tremen lous blast, and almost
S:he entire population rushed through
-he streets for the starting point. It
s estimlated that fully 10.000 peo
;e saw the start. ..'ayor F'ogarty.
' ;th the entire police force. had
teat difficulty in keeping an open
.pace of 500~ feet so that a start
-ould be made.
.\eCurdy took his place in the ma
'hine. an assistant oiled the pro
. eller and then gave it a number of
whirls. Four men held the machine
while McCurdy tested the motor by
starting and stopping It. McCurdy
idjusted his headgear, his assistant
whirled the propeller, the motor was
started and the machine was off at
a fast wrait. running along the
zround. it ran nearly the length of
hthe opsen space and then arose in the
air towardl the east.
'McCurdy first circled over the har
a>or :: an elevation of 500 feet. He
m adae a second circle at an ele-ration
~f over 1.0 feet. and at '.:32 the
Iag drorpped and McCurdy crossed
'he line o-.-er the wireless station.
rainte at Lhe rate of ne~erly sixty
.es an h.our. In ten minutes he
3:~ out ot' sight over Sand Key. ten
.les away. Before starting Slc
*urdy p-:t on a life-buoy and care
uliy insp4oeted the pontoons which
.ad b--on attached to the machine to
etp It r~float In case he had to de
we~n-l to the water.
The flight js for a prize of $5.000h
>'r.-d by The Havana Post. and
*.::.M':II appropriated by the Havana
-it (ouncil. As soon as the avia
--or had dis tppeared from view. th.'
rowd rttshedl about the wireless sta
-!aon an:! aw:. rtd reports by wir.e
.ss. When the news came that he
-d' pass-'! the third stat~on a 7ig
-rousiy cho-r went up. As the mo
a'nts ti",- and no further reports
I :. t ho -rowd grew anxIous, and
:heredl ;bout the cablA oIThee to
'x: or re:-or:s from Havana.
~ hen n.ews of the start had been
b-:li! to .he waIting boats, place;
.ten m;iles apart, everybody was on
-It utlook. officers on deck and sailors
a thev warso rirging of the destroy
*re. Suddenly nut of the Iirht ha
-oom'e' the ;rre:xt white Curt iss m
'!:-no -known as the "t)..-:o
-"er~---f!yinz hizh. and in a direct
- urso for iLhe Cuban city. ithe mo
e~r's etatt.r being d!-tinctly he~r
.( to-- on h.- shi;.s. A che-~~
'-..e'-3.! 'h.. ,vi-:tor, a;ni h' r.'phe.'
*/ a1 v-:ie of h:s aloye. In a nin
: rath idX- er:'ft was lnst 'n t he
an.-'v.ard th.' Ct:ban snore.
It was 1e--t iat.-~d that McCurdy
uld'- hav.- r.'.:ihed Havana 'y i
iork. and, wh.'n that hour passed~
.d ':. no ne:ws. great uneasmness
s -x:rs.d. Then came a wie
*s'- that rhe Intrepid bird-~man ha':
n noth.: s.'a and a rroanwet
-nfo the er'awdr. Final"-c:m
- o ..ht on :h.' water :-em
- orta::e of oil. an'd that n:eitht
- r: :atchne h.'d teen in
Te Navy Depsarment took an c
- .i..rst i he proposed1 fli ht
as s ' on bo :tS t.n :n .
* -~ to :: r th-- o 5r of the
-ce the .irion.~ First canmeth
e :- r ; For ar ten m.i:-s Tr.
TE SUP OF A PiN
EL:.-:VEN 3-N IN *-.\is
tundly .Adjustedl .\ealar L~et 1iox)-I
'ound BlucketL Fall and lire..k .ir
To the :.i.snn- o% !n . th
:C1 Is w u aw : of
%imanning of 71-.r n :;- la oe.
HIthe - P1
The i:niierfov ad ..j f a :,in
%oldin: in a on
Lucket .ied -ith :n .. :h dir1.
ra::se of the a:
v cre exc:iv.;tin: for th > r
ei one of . for
c-decker C'r .: 0 : .a
Pudson Ter:inAl ni! a.
The mispe.1 ;,u 4*fm
::tin-l and -hi: . :
te!' on the ar a T - e
.Ft. I of a set of do: -...T -
closed when the ot!'r .:is h:cT
bar-!ket cr,,shi-d touh both .a
cc mpressed, -t'r was - -, fo
the chamber in which the Efl:'n n.en
aere at work.
With the air released wte
into the chamber from :h-- b:1 of :
river. The rha:'.h.-r ha'! an e - e
:-dde-r previd--d for s':h
cles. buit to)o main-- men were earn
in the trap. Fo':r . - . I
the rest we: d!rcxtne. .\ t
swim Wa s
sw-iftly tle h ha b- - t o
Prosecutor W':r . \c. --
Shearing yoester:::'y !te:.- ey>so
--orkmen. inc:uiia: those Who es-,
coped from tha ca!s-on. said the e
was one of pur. accident a! d:! rot
call for an inquest. The wor o':
-he river 'n ;-d :ho
-Ictimns formed #he 'irc i:t :h:
APPORTIO.\ Im-i-." 'NT.'T:ON.
Bill Fixing the Ntmlbcr Fach Coun
ty Will Have Pass.
Mr. Cnr.r.or bil to ao on e: -
cs-rtation in the
-entatives among the ..-- .ai n
:ies nassed the ous ene
The :nembers of tlh u. of
resentatives rn-'er !r;'sent.:
Connor's ,;!! !< -s (owI :
Abbeville. th ree: .\'.en. three:
Anderson. six: U:g::ber-. two: irn
wecll. thr-e: !-:.,ort. t wo: in-rk
ley. two: Calhoz:n. )n-: Ch.rle-tin,
seven: Ch'-:oke.e. two: Chi-1"tr. two:
Chesterfied. t-vo- Carend!on. three:
IColleton. thre: Dar::n. ..':.
flil!onz. two: i)oon-:r. ot:
freid. two: r?-.ir . tw.:
,bree: Ge-or~etnwn. two): Geei
. : !orry. K a .-r 4w :.' :
.ancatster. two: !.aurons. 4-e: L.
two: Eexingion. three: .-aron. two:
hlarlboro. three: N. w .wrry. tr
ci.. two: '-birn!. Sve: Sah:dh.
Ilhree: I'nion. two: W\illams:>::re.
three, and iork, !four.
Fou:nd ta Hr:
M.osW tV -:rs. ef K:l.-! Mon t..
after 1. years' :'s:e f r:: 1:1
home at Let h:,rid '.tCaada:. has
be.'n located. su;rrounded h: an ir
chard of peaches. Itums. a::>; and
p..ars. Ns'stinz h4esbi' *t e banki o:I
I ne Kootenat rt 4r m .w e <.;::* .or
(sts of Lincoln coiut.t". Man' . \'
ers. now 6.~ ye rs -I am.5ebe
found in -i her-.s!an
Two white t:-T an-i! a . t:r8 b-'.
intto the be.droomi o: .tY's II-;n.
Orante. N. .1.. one nig: :in ! :. 5
Ithton with :a l.'- h'" a..- .-.-- i.:
his potckets and~ e.":* !a :o --: ! .:' :
and ea'-tir.: th' vit .".I -'' e
a pile of ;,a?".rs :,l.Vn-:.id. '-- : r
A poicenan rer !ai.
Al! of th-e a>- '- ". 4 ) -
IO-e.t""ia. ....- at "'(o i '.
utes before two ,. - '--.t a 4
week. The res!.t: '1f::--:m2
ty are wondirin:: w4: ,.
'tra?.tte o--are::e:. .. ont
an ..arth4: iak.
\\'hie in i--.-t n.: a- -
-'ir.' to an asb- -.
ed :.'ross a ::a -
vin. of .-astH ..
(Char::zr1 n - -
of a::t. t.o-6 .
azt liloomaing"on. in . l
then set her:n e'
ir - -- r.
'1 e '- u ut.
iE REBELS WI
sgalar Mexican Troeps Whipped in a
Battle by Iasarrectors
AFTER A SEVERE FIGHT
4icn iegulars in Vicinity of
Ojinaga Oultgeneraled and Badly
Diefeatil - insurrectos Assert
That There is No Hurry for Tak
in-, Towns Held by the Regulars.
A dispatch fron Presedio. Texas.
-:ys outgenerailed and defeated with
nore than 100 soldiers killed !n
-attle. the Iurces of Gen. Luque are
i!-d and cooped up in the towns
f Ojinaga and Cuchillio Parrado.
;,,n. L.u'tu with less than 100 men
e 0i.s ojnaa. and Col. Dorantes,
ith abou .10 cav:1y is at Cuchl!
in arrad.>. The rebels occupy ev
-ry roal eading into both towns,
nd will not permit provisions or
orace to be carried in.
Frorm severa; points come reports
zat the srattered bands of insur
-.-tos are gathering for a simultan
--is assault on both Federal strong
.ast night the camp Ares of
.h- insurrectos were visible from
esidio. '1 he rebels could be seen
katrof!ing the roads within five miles
Oj!i:a.a across tvh river from this
The Ass~oiated Press correspond
-n- !nterviewed Jose de La Cruz
-:a;ichez last ni-ht. "We could take
r)jinaga at ay time." he said. "We
1".e delayed the attacx for several
-easons. The wives and families of
-:any of our men are shut up in the
-own. They would probably be
'ilei by the soldiers if we made an
:ttack. We have been able to use
our forces to better advantage In
:h-- fteid. .nd have no desire to tie
uz a permanent garrison In the city.
The :ime is near. however, when
OJinaga will be ours."
Two days ago the Associated
Pr'-s correspondent and a Mfexican
zut.je enco'intered a party of seven
.ndarmes on the American side of
the river. The Mexicans were con
rented until the two horsemen ap
.roachcd when they arose fron their
hiding !.iace. rifles !n hand. The
e-der politely greeted the corre
npondent and said: "I thought you
vere another man."
It is reported that the Federal
aMcials at Ojinaga have offered a
reward for the caweure or assassina
tion of the insurrectos leaders.
l'RETTY WOUA.N STRANGLEID.
Iltoy Found in Room of Hotel In
The body of a young woman,
erangled to death, In the opinion of
-he nolice. was found in a room on
-h-- e"ond floor of the Bryant hotel
in Sixth avenue Sunday night. Up
o a late hour investination had de
;iope-! no clue to her Identity or
.h:t of the supposed murderer. A
'ouple which had occupied the room
'as.t night were registered as .Mr.
and Mrs. John- Smith of Montclair,
A bell boy distcovered the body
Atnday nizht. A handkerchief had
been stuffed down the woman's
hroat and her neck and face were
disclosed and1 bruised. The hotel
t-ierk informied the police that the
:",n who had acrompanied the wo
1:t-n to the hotel left early this
Th.- victim of the murder was
about r years old and pretty.
There was evidence that the wo
man had fought hard S.. :.'!e. Her
.ody was fo'ind lying on the bed and
':irtiv on the floor, and altho::gh
dresse'd. her clothing was badly torn.
-'me po~ie believe the murder was
commnitted between 2 and 6 o'cle ,
n th.- morning. N~lher the man
:.or t:.- woman had been see at the
to1.e before. nccording to the night
WANTS THEMi OI7STED.
1se..w A fter Those Fellows Who
THil Two Places.
'Tar int that the supreme conrt
setis c::reless of obedience to the
-- eioin, and declaring that
anv :::."mbers of the legislature vio
't. the constitution by holding their
a"-] at the same time servingt as
-tree of State institutions. Gay
nn~- iteas.' sent to the general as
-obyv Satu rday afternoon a special
s---.re. sumsinr appointment of
..n: cont:mittee to ascertain what
nsr. in the legislature or hold
orr o:ficiai positions, are also
e- of -taite institutions. A
--51 - -:.-m tof the lawv as sug
,e:' by Gov. Itlease would cause
- -iremuent of Gov. Tillmaun from
-2 : n it l:>ard of Trustees as
X isa~anh from Pnd':eha. Ky.,
P i:n: Gln'ore. the 'etor, while
-..... -:.:a:-::t inl that .iy waIs
- -::rmr:ons In the divo-ce
- ift. M.Ts. Flixer G;ilmore,
nSan Francis'o. Cal..
- -r eto b tried. Gil
r nini flr- nburg several
well-kjown to some or
- .* I R r.-sntativ~a at
-e Ti:.-y : a yoe 01
- -. rded in f..vor of San
- and:anin-t New Orleans
S-a which an exposi:!'a 4
*o:'en ".: - the Pana:::a
n .. h~i! be heild. A1i the
- - r,-. :-iCa'.'ressmen cepet.
wa: '2 ~. N. J.. police head
as noctified that se'terai
I * .~2.* t o n e th