Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVI MANNING, S. Cs WEDNESDAY, MARCH 1
SWEPT BY STORM TEN PERSONS REPORTED ILLED IN ITS WAE HEAVY PROPERTY LOSS 0' Cyclone Hits Portion of Lonislanna, Texas, Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee-One Town is Practical ly Wiped Off the Map-Wind is Accompained by Rain and Light ning. Ten persons are reported to hare 2 been killed and property valued at I several hundred thousand dollars de- I stroyed by a severe wind and rain i storm, accompained by lightning, which swept portions of Louisiana, t Texas, Alabama, Mississippi and i Tennessee Thursday. The deluge of rain extended over a more extensive < area and practically demoralized tele- ' phone and telegraph service for sev eral hours. Greatest property damage and loss t of life as reported in Provencal and Many. La. The town of Provencal t practically was wiped out, many I buildings were blown down and wire t service demoralized. Only meagre t reports from the stricken district were obtainable. Deaths, inJuries and destruction of property were re-( ported at- Maury. The property damage at Brooke land, Texas, near the Louisiana bor- t der, was estimated at $100,000. c .While only one person was reported C killed at that point many were seri- t ously injured. Reports from Gad- I sden, Ala, told of one death, one per son missing and destruction of pro- I perty in Etowah and Calhoun coun ties. All wires in the path of the t storm in that section were blown down or put 'out of commission by lightning. Pleasant Grove, Maury County. g Tenn. was struck by the storm and It g was thought the death list would a amount to four persons at that place. t Lexington and Camden, Tenn, are , said to have suffered damage, al- , thought no loss of life has been re- t ported. In Mississippi some damage f to property was reported between Tupelo, Corinth, Saltilla and Gun town. Advices from Chattanoaga, Tenn., says that city experienced one of the most furious storms of the season. Nearly three inches of rain had fal len up to 7 o'clock to-night and the delge continues. During the after noon lightning struck the Normal Park School, causing a panic among the pupils. No one was injured. Many chimneys and small trees were blown down. At 7.30 to-night an immense smokesstack was demolished at the Ridgedale' power house, tear ing down the main wires. For an hour during the height of the storm the city was in darkness and the street oar traffic was completely tied up. So far there have been no cas ualties reported. TNashville dispatch says a cyclone a struck Pleant Grove, Maury county,t about 4 o'clock Thursday afternoon, demolishing practically every house in the place, and, according to mea gre telephone reports, killing three er four men. Among those killed was George Williamson, a prominent farmer. Smith Brother's general store was completely destroyed. The Louisville and Nashville depot was blown into shreds, but a number of passengers at the depot at the time waiting for a train were uninjured. A train was lost on the Duck River branch of the Nashville, Chattanooga and St Louis Railroad, and so far ef forts to locate it have been unsuccess fuI as all wires are down. All creeks are out of banks, telegraph and tele rhon. wires are down and much damn age done. The chimneys of the residence of Newton White, Speaker of the State Senate, at Wales, were blown down. Passengers on incoming trains report *that the cyclone struck Lexington, Tenn, about 2.30 o'clock, destroying the Scott Hotel and damaging the Court House and demolishing about fifteen residences. At a point below Lexington a Nashville, Chattanooga and St Louis Railroad station was moved from one side of the track to the other without damaging the track or interrupting traffic. A cyclone is also reported to have struck Camden, Benton County. but the damage has not been learned. A general rain wind storm swept all middle Tenn-. essee to-day. According to reports three persons were killed in a cyclone which struck Many, La., Thursday morning. .Sev eral were reported injured. Thomas Goodman and his baby were killed when their home was .blown away. One child of Bud Manasco was also killed and several members of the family injured when their home was demolished. A high wind, whic'i struck New Or leans about noon, caused much small property damage and a boy was struck by falling glass. The boy in jured was Paul Taranek. He was crossing a street when a pane of glass from the window of a ten-story build ing fell on him. He was badly cut. A frame building in the cburse of con struction was blown down. A dispatch from Meridian, Miss, to-night says railroad reports received there are that Saltillo and Guntown, in Lee County, Mdississippi, were struck by a cyclone to-day. Several persons are reported to have been in jured. One person, a negro is known to have been killed and several persons seriously inijured at the town of -Brookeland, Texas. Thursday, when a storm wrecked half a dozen build ings and damaged others. The pro perty damage is estimated at $100, 000. Brookeland is a town of 500j inhabitants, 100 miles north of Beau mon+ ne a heLnoislana border, in I INDORSED FOR MARSHAL SENATOR TILIMAN AND SM[IT] AGREE ON SDIS. They Further Decide to Name R( spective Candidates for District At torney and Let Wilson Decide. The Washington correspondent o 'he News and Courier says Senator rillman and Smith, of South Caro Ina, held a conference Wednesda: ifternoon. After it was over Senato Pillman announced that he had filei ith Attorney General McReynold its endorsement of Mr. James L ims, of Orangeburg, to be Unite( states marshal for the district o south Carolina, in addition to that o dr. J. Wm. Thurmond. to be distric tttorney, which was filed Monday rurther than this, the senior Senatoi rould say nothing on the subject. Senator Smith made the statemen hat he had filed with the Presiden Lud the Attorney General his en lorsement of Francis H. Weston, o: olumbia, to be district attorney he junior Senator refused to am lify this statement. Both of the South Carolina Sena, ors saw 'President Wilson Wednes lay. Senator Tillman presented foi he President's consideration certar apers explaining his opposition t< he nomination of Charles P. Neill o be commissioner of labor statistics It is believed here that there is lecided likelihood that Capt. W. E ;onzales will be appointed United ;tates minister to Cu.ba. There Is also an impression tha he candidacy of Judge C. A. Woods >f Marion, for circuit Judgeship va ated by the election of Judge Gof o the Senate from West Virginia Las made very encouraging headway Former Governor John Gary Evan: Lad an audience with President Wil on Thursday. Governor Evans say: hat he himself is not a candidate foi my office. Both Senators Agree on Sims. The Washington correspondent oJ 'he News and Courier says Senator illman and Smith have agreed or ames L. Sims, of Orangeburg, ai heir joint candidate for United tates marshall of the district ol outh Carolina, and have also agreed o name their respective candidatec or district attorney. Senator Tillman has submitted the ame of William J. Thurmond, 0 ,dgefield, for latter office, and Sen tor Smith, the name of Francis H. Veston, of Columbia. It is under tood that the candidates named b3 he President will have the suppori if both of the South Carolina Sena ors for confirmation. This is the outcome of what bad( air for a time to be complete dis greement between the senior and he junior Senators as to these itemi if patronage. labine Coutny. Olyn Jesse, Collins Stevens and arren Samuels and his six- year >Id child was seriously hurt. The 'rst Baptist Church and the building iccuped by the Sabine Mercantili iompany were blown down; the Coin uercal Hotel was badly damaged and hree residences were demolished . One person is known to be dead other Is missing and many persont rere injured in a severe wind and ai storm which swept Etowah and ahoun counties, Ala., Thursday ames Haralson, aged 75, was kille( d five men injured when the stori f W. P. Duke, at Duke, Ala, was de aolished. The home of B. Johnson ne mile from Duke, also was blowi town and one of hi. ten children is missing. Practically all wires in the ath of the storm were' blown dowi ad estimates of the damage are no' .vailable. The town of Provencal, Ga., war ratically wiped out by a cycloni rhh struck there this morning )ne person, a negro boy, was killed ad fifteen other people were injured 'wo churches, a number of mercan ile houses. The storm struck the own at 10 o'clock that morning and wept everything before it in a patl hree to five hundred yards wide. Three persons were killed, several ere probably fatally hurt and others uffered lesser injuries when a torna lo swept through the southern par one of McNairy and Hardeman coun es Tenn., Thursday, demolishing Lumber of farm houses and damag og the more substantial buildings ir t path. Near Middleton, in Harde nan County, Henry Stanley and Jo eph Waldrop were crushed to death irs. Martha Brint was probably fatal y hurt. Burt Cox was badly hur Lnd his wife is missing. Robbed at Railway Station. At Spartanburg E. B. Blease, o 3harlotte, N. C., a cousin of the gav ~rnor of -South Carolina, reported t< he local police Friday night that h, 2ad been robbed of $275 by men wh< icked his pocket at the Southern ailway station In this city. Fired Into Troop Ships. Four Servian transports loade< with troops were Wednesday riddle< with bullets fired by an unidentile< war vessel. Accounts of the engage sent from two different sources de lare that the attacking vessel fle' the Austro-Hungariani flag. Young Man Killed by Train. A dispatch from Manning say Eenry Hartly, a white boy aged four teen years, a son of J. H. Hartly, wa run over and instantly killed by loal freight train on the Atlanti Coast Line railroad at Alcolu abou ten o'clock Thursday night. Baker Lands Good Job. A Washington dispatch says 3. N Baker, of South Carolina, asistan ibrarian of the Senate, was nomnina1 ed by the Democratic caucus for sc retary which is equivalent to ele' tion. Baker was educited at We: ford College. SOME CENSUS FACTS SHOW WHITES TO BE GAININII IN THISSTATE THEY SlOW GOOD RAINS s The Illiteracy Rate in South Carolina is High, Percentage Being Over r Twenty-five Per Cent. According a to Advance Bulletin of the Cen sus Bureau. f The composition and characteris E tics of the population of South Car t olina, as reported at the Thirteenth Decennial Census are given in an ad vance bulletin soon to be issued by Director Durand, of the bureau of t census, department of commerce and t labor. It was prepared under the supervision of Wm. C. Hunt, chief f statistician for population. Statis tics of color, nativity, parentage, sex, state of birth, citizenship, age, illit eracy, school attendance, marital con dition, and dwellings and families - are presented. They are grouped as follows: For the State and counties; for the two cities of more than 25,000 inhab itants; for the two cities of 10,000 to 25,000; for place of 2,500 to 10, 00'0; and for wards of Charleston, the only city of more than 50,000 inhabitants. A previous population bulletin for South Carolina gave the number of inhabitants by counties and minor civil divisions, decennial increase and density of population, and the proportions urban and rural. That and the forthcoming bulletin cover all the principal topics of the population census except occupations and ownership of homes. The white population is divided into four groups: (1) Native, native parentage-that is, having both par euts born in the United States; (2) native, foreign parentage-having both parents born abroad; (3) na tive, mixed parentage-having one parent native and the other foreign born; (4) foreign born. Of the total population of South Carolina, 679,161, or 44.8 per cent., are whites, and 835,843, or 55.2 per cent., negroes. The corresponding percentages in 1900 were 41.6 and 53.4. respectively, the proportion of whites having increased during the decade. In four of the forty-three counties the proportion of negroes exceeds, three-fourths, and in twen ty-nine other counties it exceeds one half, the maximum percentage of negroes being that for Beaufort County (86.9). Native whites of native parentage constitute 43.7 per cent. of the total population of the State, and 97.5 per cent. of the white population. Na tive whites of foreign or mixed par entage constitute only 0.S per cent. of the total population, and foreign born whites only 0.4 per cent. Of the urban population, 49.6 per cent, are native whites of native par entage; of the rural, 42.7 per cent. The corresponding proportions for native whites of foreign or mixed parentage are 3.4 and 0.3 per cent., respectively; for foreign-born whites, 1.8 and 0.2 per cent. The percentage of negroes is 45.2 in the urban pop ulation and 56.9 in the rural. Sex. IIn the total population of the State there are 751,842 males and 763,558 females, or 98.5 males to 100 females. In 1900 the ratio was 98.4 to 100. Among the whites tha-e are 102.4 males to 100 females; among the negroes, 3.4 to 1 10. Anong the native whiites the ratic Is 102 to 100, as compared wt~h 159.3 to 100 for the foreign-born Iwhites. In the urban population there are 90.2 males to 100 females, but in the rural sexes are nearl~y equal in number. State of Birth. Of the total native population that is, population born in the United States-9 4.8 per cent. were born in South Carolina and 5.2 per celit. out side the State: of the native white ~population, 9.4 per cent. were born outside the State, and the native ne gro, 1.8 per cent. Persofls born out siethe State constitute a larger proportion of the native population in urban than in rural communities. L1Foreign Nationalities. - Of the foreign-born white popula tion of South Carolina, persons born .in Germany represent 28.8 per cent.; - Russia, 13; Ireland. 11.1; England, 8.3: Italy, 5; Greece. 4.7; Canada, 4.5; all other countries. 19.4 per ent. Of the total white stock of foreign origin, which includes per sons .born abroad and also natives .having one or both parents born abroad, Germany contributed 33.2 per cent.; Ireland. 19.3: England, 3.9; Italy. 3.2; Turkey, 2.5; Austria, 2.4 per cent. Toting and Militia Ages. The total niumber of males 21 years of age and over is 335,046, rep r ~esenting 22.1 per cent. of the popu I Laton. Of such males, 49.5 per cent. I re whites and 50.5 per cent are ne - nes. Native whites represent 48.5 per cent. of the total number and foreign-born whites 1 per cent. Of the 3,355 foreign-born white males of voting age, 1,602, or 47.7 per 'ent., are naturalized. Males of mil sida age-18 to 44-number 276,788. - Age. sOf the total population. 15.1 per a cent. are under 5 years of age, 26.5 per cent from 5 to 1 4 years, inclu t rive, 21.4 per cent. from 15 to 24, 23.5 per cent. from 25 to 44, and 13.5 per cent. 45 years of age and over. The foreign-born white popu .lation comprises comparatively few t children, only 4.8 per cent. of this - class being under 15 years of age and over. Of the native white popu -lation of native parentage. 39.9 per cent. are 25 and over; of the native .hite of foreign or mixed parentage 55.2 per cent., and of the negroec 33.9 per cent. The urban population shows smaller proportion of children of pet sons in the prime of life. Migratio to the city explains this at least i part. Of the urban population, 30. per cent. are from 25 to 44 years o age, inclusive, and of the rural pop ulation, 22.3 per cent. The census inquiry as to school a1 tendance was marely as to whethe the person enumerated had attende any kind of school at any time be tween September 1, 1909, and th date of enumeration, April 15, 191( School Attendance. The total number of persons o school age-that is, 6 to 20 years inclusive-is 564,260, of whom 291, 307, or 51.6 per cent., attende school. In addition to these, 4,56 children under 6 and 4,486 person 21 and over attended school. Fo boys from 6 to 20 years, inclusive the parentage attending school wa 50.7; for girls, 52.6. For childrei from 6 to 14 years, inclusive, th< percentage attending school wa 62,6. The percentage for childrei of this age among native whites o native parentage was 72.1; among native whites of foreign or mixei parentage, 81.4; among foreign-bori whites, 72.2; and among negroes 56.1. In urban communities the per centage of children of that age at tending school was 71.4, and in rura 61.5. Illiteracy. The census bureau classifies as il literate any -persons 10 years of age or over who is unable to write, re gardless of ability to read. There are 276,980 illiterates ir the States, represenfaing 25.7 pe: cent. of the total population 10 yeari of age and over, as compared wit] 35.9 per cent. in 1900. The percent age of illiteracy is 38.7 among ne groes, 10.3 among native whites, an( 6.8 among foreign-born whites. It il 10.5 for native whites of native par enage and 1.4 for native whites o foreign or mixed parentage. Illiterates are relatively fewer ir urban than in rural communities, the percentages being 15.6 and 27.7, re spectively. The rural percentage ex ceeds the urban for each class of the population except the foreign-bori whites, most of whom arrive in thi: country when past the school age Among them the percentage of illit eracy is slightly higher In the urbai population than in the rural. For persons from 10 to 20 year of age, inclusive, whose literacy de pends largely upon present schoo facilities and school attendance, the percentage of illiteracy is 19.1. Marital Condition. In the population 15 years of agi and over, 35.5 per cent. of the male1 are single and 29 per cent.- of the females. The percentage married i: 59.7 for males and 58.4 for females and the percentage widowed 4.4 and 12.1, respectively. Although the la% granting divorces In South Carolina was repealed in 1878, the number re ported in 1910 as divorced is believ ed to be too small, because of the probability that a number of divorc ed persons class themselves as singl or widowed. That the percentage is smaller fo: women than for men is due largel: to the fact that women marr-y young er. Thus 17.4 per cent. of the fe males from 15 to 19 years of agi are married, as compared with 3.] per cent. of the males, and 60.5 pe: cent. of the females from 20 to 2/ ears are married, as compared witl 41.6 per cent. of the males. In th4 next age group, 25 to J~4 years, thi difference largely disappears, an< among those in the neXt two agi groups the percentage married ii higher among the males. That thern is a larger proportion of widows thai of widowers may Indicate that mei more often re-marry than women but, since the husbands are generall: older than their wives the marriag4 relationship is more often broken b: death of the husband than by deat] of the wife. For the main elements of the pop ulation the percentages of marrie< persons among those 15 years of agi and over are as follows: Foreign born whites, 58 for males and 59 fo: females; native whites of native par enage, 58.3 and 59.5, respectively native whites of foreign or mixe< parentage( 51.6 and 46; negroes 61.1 and 57.8. These 'percentages by no means in dicate the relative tendency of th4 several classes as regards marriage To determine that, the comparisoi should be made by age periods, sinci the proportion married in any clas is determined largely by the propor tion who have reached the marryini age. Similarly, the proportion wid owed depends largely on the propor tion past middle life. The percent age married, both for males and fo females, is higher in rural than i1 urban communities. Dwellings and Families. The total number of dwellings il South Carolina is 302,842, and th total number of families 315,204, in dicating that in comparatively fe~ cases does more than one family oc cupy a dwelling. The average num ber per family, 4.8. Gives Up His Place. William H. Lewis, a negro law yer, whose appointment as an assis tant attorney general raised a ros in official circles in Washington ani a contest over Lewis' membership il the American Bar association, resign ed Tuesday. Gave Her Too Much. Ike Silva, a well known charac ter in Savannah. was held by th recorder for involuntary manslaugh ter and administering an injection o morphine to Marion Leonard, a cho rus girl, from the effects of whic) she died. Crashed Into a House. At Cincinnati one man killed ani several severely injured Wednesda: when a College Hill street car jump ed the track and crashed into al aparment house at Ludlow avenue. MEAN MEN ARE SCORED E THEY ARE THE CAUSE OF GIRLTA GOING ASTRAY. 5 Women of the Underworld Warn Young Girls of the Pitfalls That r I Lay in Their Path. Letters received Wedneaday by the Illinois State Senate Commission in vestigating vice in Chicago from wo men of the underworld moek:l at the f work which the legislators are do ing. One of these letters signed "K. - R. L." reads: I "To the Commission-Girls don't go wrong because they are hungry, 5 or because they need clothes. They ' go wrong because they are tempted by lies and overpowered by the evil in men. "They listen t9 the fair and pretty things that men tell them and they fall.because they think they can trust themselves and trust the tempter. It is not the employer. I was a good girl and I worked in a store. "I didn't get much money, but that didn't matter. I lived on $8 a week and would be living like that now but I met men. They seemed to con sider me their prey and all the time it was fight, fight. They wanted to be nice to me, they said and to take me to the theatre and treat me fair and give me a chance to enjoy life. "I didn't know men were bad-all bad-where a girl is concerned. I thought only women were bad. I thought all a girl had to do to remain good was to be truthful with herself. God pity women who think that and who keep their trust in men until it is too late. "Every day it was someone else- J I always smiling at me-always trying to give me a 'fair chance' to be happy In the street they followed me. These I could avoid; but the 'friends' i who hung around? That is the big secret of the thing that makes a good girl bad, if they had left me be-if they had only I left me be-only let me live is 1 1 wanted to, I would not have had to slink into the room when your com mission was trying to solve things I and wouldn't have had to sit in a 1 corner with my veil down, afraid to , L look a good woman in the face." I Another cry from the underworld 4 i echoed the words of this letter. It i was more bitter, though, and it read i in part: "You're looking for the things that I made such women as I. Low wages 4 Dance halls? Hunger? Cold? They . all helped a bit, but they did not turn i the trick themselves. You're all a i bunch of hypocrites, afraid to look the thing in the face and afraid to 4 learn the truth. "I don't know any girls who sold I themselves for money to buy bread or clothes. But I do know lots of us who hit the road for hell, because a i lot of blackguards kept hounding them with their rotten 'attentions.' God help the men and not us. We're all right when we strat. All we need is to be left alone. There are hundreds and hundreds of kids and sports who hxang around State street and wait and look like wolves< for the tired girls to leave the stores. "Why don't you make the men be good? All the wages in the world -won't help us. Make the men good and the girls will be good. 'Now they haven't got a chance1 and they never will have as long as the law smiles at one and spits at another." NEWS OF MURDER HELD BACK Assassination of Madero Was Not Let Out for Days. A dispatch to the Chronicle from Brownsville. Texas says that when i Mrs. Emilo Madero passed through Brownsville last night from Mexico for San Antonio, she declared that1 her brother in law. Francisco Mladero was killed two days previous to the time given out by the Mexican of fi cials and by Ambassador Wilson. She asserted his death was attended with horrible suffering, that he was tortur ed with knife thrusts and cuts over the back. According to her Gen. Hu erat, after the death of Madero, ap -peared himself on the streets and threw some $500 bills to the popu lace.] LET HIS WHISKERS GROW. Had Not Been Shaved in Sixteen Years Till Then. Redondo Beach, Cal., Charles E. Dawson an old fisherman passed the morning in town and the first place he visited was a barber shop whereI he lost sixteen years growth of whis kers. "Them whiskers had been with me for a long time." he said "I hate -to see'em chopped off I swore, though sixteen years ago, that I'd let 'em - grow until the Democrat's won I was -in hopes of seing' Bill Bryan as his Secretary of State, Wilson can't go very fur wrong, can he? I . - Bound to Pay the Penalty. 1 Recently a Chicago woman who spoke out of her own experience, said she never wants to hear any thing more pertaining to a fast and gay life. With true pathos she said. "After all there is very little of the gay ab-out it." In this remark she undoubtedly told the truth and ex pressed the sentiment of others who have traversed the same path but not every one is so honest about it asI she has been. When men and wo-1 men live in defiance of what ex-1 perience and conscience prove to be right they are bound ultimately to: pay the penalty. Well ordered insti tutions, like that of the family can not be ignored or encroached uponi without loss and disappointment, and - all gayety enjioyed at the expense of: Sgood morals must end in dissatisfac-!i WILL PROBABLY WIN SENATOR TILLMAN APT TO GET WHAT HE WANTS KARTAIN FIGHTING HIM [nformation from High Authority Puts the Senior South Carolina Senator Chairman of the Senate's Seeond Most Powerful Committee, for which He Has Expressed Pre ference A special dispatch to The News and Courier says Friday night the nal decision of the Democratic steer ng committee of the Senate, with re gard to the committee assignments of Senators, may be reached, though t will not be announced in all pro bability until Monday. The case which is stirring up the greatest amount of trouble at the last noment is that of Senator Tillman, iho persists in his determination to iave the chairmanship'of the big ap ropriations committee, of which he z the ranking Democratic member. It is understood that if Senator rillman is not. recommended by the teering committee for the chairman hip of appropriations, Senator Mar :in, of Virginia, will' be designated [or hiat important place and the Soutn Carolina Senator put at the lead of naval affairs. While Senator Martin and Senator rillman have been friends, as a rule, or many years, the South Carolina enator believes that the Virginia enator is making a good fight to lisplace him as chairman of the ap ropriations committee. Senator Tillman said to-night: "I am not going to get aut of the way. I am more of a progressive ;han ,Senator Martin ever dared t e, and last summer, 'when he was rigorously opposing President Wil ;on and doing all he could to heep iim froni being nominated at Balti nore, I was backing Wilson as itaunchly as I could; in fact, I be leve the attitude of the South Car )lina delegation had a great deal to lo with the achievement of his nomi iation." Senator Tillman is believed to iave the warm support of Secretary >f State Bryan in his fight to get the ppropriations chairmanship. - The ;teering committee is -disturbed by he threat that the Pitchfork Senator ll appeal to the Democratic cau us and invite it to revolt if the >mnmittee denies him what he r ards as his right. TI-. situation n ong the Senat'e Demo::rats is tlensc nd dramatic, with poss:bilitiea of a emendous explosion. Information late in the day ind-cat d also that Senator Tillman had von his personal fight to secure the hairmanship of the appropriations %ommittee, the second most powerful ommittee of the Senate. P~ersistent fforts had been made for several lays to induce the South Carolina senator to surrender his priority -ight to Senator Martin, of Virginia, nd to take the chairmanship of na ral affairs. It was stated Friday ight on high authority, however, hat the place practically was assur ad to Senator Tillman. I~ I SCORES THE JOB HUNTERS. cnator Tililman Disgusted by Them in Washington. A Washia'gton dispatch says Sena :or Tillman Tuesday evinced his dis leasure at the persistency of hun reds of office seekers who have locked to the Capital since the In Luguration. With characteristic vig r the Senator condemned the scram >le for jobs. He said the situation -eminded him of a Bible text: "I have forgotten just where In oly writ I read it," he said, "but It its the case exactly and runs some hing as follows: 'The wild asses of he desert are athirst and hungry. hey have broken into the green :orn.' The Senator recalled that the text :ontained a reference to the "wild isses" trampling down the corn, but e said he would leave that out. He tdded that he had full faith in Pres dent Wilson as a herdsman who vould keep the wild beasts from do ng any damage. Arabs Shot by Turks. Fifty mutinous Arab soldiers be onging to Turkish regim.ents guard ng the peninula of Gallipoli and the )ardenelles straits, were shot as an ~xample to others. Most of the men uarding the lines In this district ave been brought from tho warm ~limates as Asia-Minor and have be ~ome mutinous owing to the extreme ~old. They declare they are too iumbed to fight. Eleven Years for Nickel Theft. Convicted of stealing a five-cent cttle of coca-cola and given 11 years n the reformatory, the Supreme ourt of Georgia has decided that )lie Taylor, now 13 years old, must erve out his time. The boy has al eady served three years and will be ,f age when he comes out. Killed 3Many Turks. A detachment of three hundred urkish infantrymen fought for six ours against a body of Greek roops near Janina Tuesday and sur rendered only after 112 Turks had een killed, including eight officers. Hundreds Were Drowned. Two hundred passengers and mem >ers of the crew of the small British teamed Valvados were drowned March 1 when the steamer foundered n the Sea of ilarmora during a bliz THE CITY ABOUT TO FAIJ ADRIANOPLE MAY HOLD OU ONE WEEK LONGER. Disease and Famine Have Done Tiei Deadly Work Among the Turkis] Soldiers. A despairing cry of "I can hol out only a week longer" was sent ii cipher by wireless Wednesday from Shukri Pashi, Turkish commander o Adrianople, to his superior officer at Constantinople, according to un official reports. Shukril Pasha, who has held ou for many months against the hun dreds of siege guns of the Bulgarian and Servians is said to have inform ed the Porte in his message tha Adrianople is practically at the en( of its supplies of food and ammuni tion, while there is much sickness especially scurvy and intestinal dis orders, which are ravaging the de fengers' ranks. The commander, who has offerec such a long and gallant defense urges either that peace negotiation4 be hastened, or that an immediat attempt to relieve the city be under taken from the Tchatalja lines. The Turkish ministry is divided ix opinion and will have difficulty ix reaching any solution of the problen raised by the commander of the be seiged fortress. The ferment aroused by the mur. der of the late Nazim Pasha con, tinues to threaten internal troubli in Turkey. At a service at Constan. tinople Wednesday- in memory o: Nazim, the officiating Mfussulmax priest pronounced a malediction or his assassins and on "those who hav( deceived the Sultan of Turkey, th( head of the Mussulman faith". ELECTS DEMOCRAT SENATOR The Deadlock In New Hampshire Legislature Broken A dispatch from Concord, N. H. says Henry F. Hollis, Democrat, wat elected United States Senator by thE legislature Friday. Hollis - received 189 votes, three more than the num ber required to elect. John H. Bart. lett, the new Republican caucus can. didate, had' 126. Representativ Bass, Progressive, had 12. The deadlock which had continued since the daily ' loting began Jan uary 14 was bro._.,a by three Demo cratic members from Manchester who said they had hitherto "op-posed the Hollis candidacy on principle,' but now felt that it would be wrong to continue longer as obstructionists Two Republican members and all bui two Democrats supported the suc cessful candidate. The newly elected senator is a lawyer and a Harvard graduate HE is 42 years old. He was an unsuc cessful candidate for governor and for congress on several occasions. The election of Senator Hollis arous ed great enthusiasm in Deifocratic circles in the United States Senate at Washington. The election of Senator Hollie makes .the political complexion of thE Senate at'present as follows: Dem ocrats 50. Republicans 42, Progress ives 2. Two vacancies exists from the State of Illinois. Arrangements were made Friday by the Democratic steering committee to award the new Senator his quota of committee plac es. "Good," was -President Wilson's exclamation when told of the elec tion of Mr. Hollis. GOVERNMENT BY PUBLICITY. That Is What We Have Now, Says Dr. Frank Crane. Dr. Frank Crane says the history of secrecy makes a. long blaclb smudge down the page of time. Noth ing is truer than the saying that "the wicked love darkness rather than the light". And this proverb has a -bear ing we do not usually suspect. WE assume it to have reference to rob bers, footpads, sneak thieves, muti nous seamen and home breakers. It does. It also refers, however, to any other group of people who work in the shade. You can set it down in your books that any business for which the claim is made that it is better to transact it under cover, that it is un wise to have it investigated and that the public has no right to meddle in it; it is crooked. Of course, I do not include the affairs of purely persona] nature, but only such matters as bave to do with the public. The whole history of government before the day of newspapers is a record of tyranny and unjust privi lege. So long as the common herd was ruled by a select few, who pre sumed to do .better by the people than the people could do for them selves, the result invariably was lux ury and fine feathers for the elect and starvation and rags for the many. Vested rights thrive in dark ness. It is only in the light of pub. licity that human rights grow. There never was a bribe taking judge ousted from the bench, a cor rupt politician retired to private life, a governor or mayor or sold out to corporations and was exposed that did not hate newspaper reporters above rattlesnakes. This is not a government by law. ,Law does not govern. It is merely the rear guard of government. It is a government by publicity. It is newspapers and magazines, the publishing of facts, that govern. Roper Gets a Finie Place. A Washington dispatcli says D. F. Roper, of South Carolina. has been appointed First Assistant Pcstmaster General. He receiveed his education at Wofford College. Two Killed, Fifteen Hurt, Two persons were killed and fif teen hurt when an Erie passengex train hit a street car at Youngestown OBJECT TO NEILL SENATORS TILLIAN'AND OVER NANIGRTJIM. r6 'SAYS HE ABUSED SOUTH Steering Committee May Recommend Senator Timman for Head of Naval Committee Instead of Appropria tions Committee, but His Influence in Caucus May Defeat Such Plan. The Washington correspondent of The State says by far the most im portant feature of the new adminis. tration policy which has yet been de veloped from a congressional stand point was the stand taken by Sena tors Overinan and Tillman that they would not allow the nomination of Charles P. Neill as commissioner of labor statistics to -be confirmed. The question of Neill's fitness or unfitness for the position is a minor one when placed beside with the real issue. Neill may have made nanfir and unreliable reports concerning labor conditions in the South which displeased the two senators just named, and probably he did, which Is the reason assigned bf Senators Till man and Overman for holding him up Behind the "holdup," however, the fact stands out that hereafter Presi dent Wilson may find himself in em barrassing situations in such cases unless he first confers with Democra tic Senate leaders on the names of persons he proposed to send to con gress. That Mr. Neill has given offense to many Southerners by the reports which he made of mill conditions and other forms of labor there is no doubt and that he probably will not be confirmed is equally clear. But the real issue Is whether the senate will take cognizance of or . confirm nomninations even when sent in by a Democratic president unless senators bave been consulted beforehand re garding them. Senatorial digiity must not be un derestimated, they say. Though It Is a Democratic administration through and through, from the White House to congress and in every department of this great nation of 100,000,000 people, and every ,branch of te-mr vice is pulling together for the coun try's good, the senate must not be overlooked. Before President Wilson asks that body to confirm his nomination he should ask senators if such nomina tions are agreeable. Otherwise there may be embarrassing situations. As yet the administration is in swad dling clothes but the principle of ask ing senatorial advice has already been clearly established. Unjust to Tillman. The Washington correspondent of The News and Courier says it Is per sistently rumored that the Democrat ic ''steering committee" of the sen ate, which has been in session alixoet continuously for two days, has de cided to recommend that Senator Tillman, of South Carolina, be de nied his preference for the chairmaa ship of committee on appropriations on account of his health. In this event Senator Tmlman would doubtless be recommended for the chairmanship of naval affairs, and Senator Martin, of Vii-ginia, would possibly be named for the chairmanship of appropriations. However, Senator Tillman is a tre mendous fighter, and if the recom mendation of the "steering commit tee" is against him, he may make a sensational effort in the caucus to have the recommendation overruled. His vitrolic tongue is greatly feared by his colleagues and there is no tell ing what he will say if driven to the wall. It seems to be agreed that Senator Simmons, of North Carolina, will be recommended for the chairmanship of the tariff section of the finance committee. The outlook now Is that - Senator E. D. Smith will be named for the chairmanship of the commit tee on appropriations instead of that of manufactures. There are indica tions that the avalanche in the sen ate Is going further than was in tended and Is giving Its own pro moters serious trouble and alarming the ' harmonizers". Torpedo Berths to be Built. Senator Tillman had inserted in the recent navy bill, as it passed the Senate, an amendment fixing the ul timate total cost of the torpedo berths at $300,000. The amount of the outright appropriation for these berths was $150,000. This work will be done at the Charleston navy yard. Young Lad Was Drowned. The State says Louis Reeves, the fourteen-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. George B. Reeves, 2627 Divine St., was drowned at the heal of the Co lumbia canal, two miles north of the city, about five o'clock Wednesday afternoon, and George Galletly, sev enteen years old, had a very narrow escape from death, when a boat with Galletly in it and Reeves clinging to it swept through the main gates. Robbers Make Clean Sweep. The Bank of Tamah, an inland rceint on the Arkansas River, was looted ,by robbers early Thursday. They secured $4,300 and escaped in a skiff, going down the Arkansas Riv er. The robbers made a clean sweep, taking even the pennies, of which there were several hundred. Jailed for Lack of a Penny. Irving Cuter, of Mobile, Ala., will have to stay in ,iail ten days for lack of one cent unless his friends come to the rescue. He was -fined that amount in court but was unable to :pay.