Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 30, 1914
ADVANCE ON LEtT
ALUES DRIVE BACK GEREAN
RIOT IN SLOW OAINS
FRENC LENTER WEAKENS
Berin Claims That Terrifc Assaults
Upon French Center Has Forced It
to ~Give Ground-Battle Continues
to be Made Up of Attack and Coun
tee Attack-Result Still Undecided
Foot by foot, literally, by old fash
ioned bayonet charges, the Allies are
outfianking the German'right wing,
whie at the center, in the Rheims
Craoune line, the deadlock is un
The eleventh day of the -battle of
the Aisne discloses the Germans
maintaining their desperate grip on
French soil, but with a line so bent
at their right that von Kluck's army
must retreat unless von Buelow can
crush the Allies' center.
The fate of the German army de
pends upon the operations at the cen
ter, within the next day or two, since
the Allies, by methods old in Napol
eon's time, are hammering back the
right wing, losing thousands as they
take a trench at a time, advancing no
more than five-eighths -of a mile
The main battle line now from Las
signy to the ridge of the Argonne,
100 miles, is a double row of for
tresses, from which Allies and Ger
mans sally in attack and counter at
tack, while great guns devastate by
day and night. The government com
pares this extended siege to the slow
operations in Manchuria between
Russians and Japanese.
Government reports and military
critics .ayoid premature congratuia
-tion, but insist that the Alies are
consistently succeeding in the all im
portant endeavor to hold fast at the
eente while beating back and encir
efng the German right wing.
-Simultaneously the Allies are pro
tecting their operations by repulsing.
6-german attacks at the east center
ad emat of the long battle line. The
Grand Duke of Wurttemburg and the
German Crown Prince have struck
blow after blow, but are incessantly
hurled back. East of the Argonne
and in the- Vosges and Lorraine the
French armies are a little more than
'ioMing their ground.
-:e neW n Embassy Wednesday
receieved' --the following wireless:
5t'Frideh offensive spirit is weak
ning. The French losses are enor
mous Thiir center is retreating
Verdu is being successfully bom
barded, the effect of German mortars
being agai tremendous."
Thursday- the following official
statement came from Berlin:
"Ozi the righit wing of the German
army beyond the Oise the battle has
come to a standstill. Flanking
movements of the French army have
had no succesi.- Between there and
the forest of Argonne, no serious
fighting took place. East of the Ar
gonne,'Varness was taken by the Ger
"Their advance is continuing. Thr
Germlan army, which is attacking thi
forts of Verdun, repulsed sortie'
from~ Verdun and Toul. 3Many .pris
oners and machine gune and cannon
were taken. The heavy German ar
tillery has~ begun to bombard suc
cessfully the French forts of Tryon
ies-aroches, -Camp-des--Romaine ant
"In the French Lorraine and on
the frontier of Alsace, French troops
"A really decisive action ha6 taken
Tbe news from the Battle Front.
via.-Paris, Thursday, contained the
The German offensive was extreme
ly -vigorous at the .western end of the
long line .stretching along the Rivers
Olse Aisne and Woevre.
The allied troops, whose gaps hau
been fifedwrith freshly arrived rein
forcements, not only repeatedl3
thrust back the German attack, but
eventually carried' out a successf u
counter attack, which resulted in tht
gaining-.of considerable ground ano
the definite capture of Peronne, about
which town the fiercest engagement
Further to the east there appeare
40 be concentrated a large Germar
force occupying strong entrench
ments from which it is difficult to
dislodge them. The fighting there
has been of a desultory character
with, however, slight advantage in
favor of the Allies.
On the eastern wing the GermanE
are throwing enormous masses of
men against the French troops, pro
tecting the line of defensive forts
above Verdun, but up to the present
their efforts, although costing im
mense sacrifices, have been vain and
the French line remains intact.
Canada Wml Raise More Troops.
With 30,000. Canadians about to
sail, efforts to raise 25,000 more val
unteers are under way. It is expect
ed to send 150,000 soldiers in all.
Sailors to Return.
The British sailors who were res
cued from the sinking cruisers and
carried to Holland, will be returned
Filibuster Wins Fight.
The determined filibuster on the
part of several senators has forced
the Democrats to reconsider their
river and harbors bill.
28,000 Germans Decorated..
Thus far, says a Berlin item. 28.
000 persons have been decorated with
the Trmn Cross.
SHELLS KILL WITH GAS
EXPLANATION OF GREAT FATAL
ITY AMONG GERMANS.
American Suggests That Turpin's In
vention May Have Been Used to
A possible explanation of the ter
rible slaughter among the Germans
described in a cable dispatch from
Dieppe has been furnished by a prom
inent American, long resident in
Paris and widely acquainted in gov
The disatch referred to describes
an entire company of Prussian infan
try lying dead as if surprised by the
fire; officers with playing cards in
their hands, a group of sixty dead
lying around a haystack, a trench a
mile and a quarter in length, beyond
the Ourcq River, filled with dead for
its whole length, and on none of
these corpses was there the slightest
mark of a bullet or piece of a shell.
It was suggested by the corre
spondent that the Germans might
have been killed by the shock of the
explosion; but the American referred
to is inclined to believe that in real
ity the damage was done by shells
filled with a new explosive invented
by Eugene Turpin, the inventor of
melinite, which liberates deadly gases
that asphyxiate all within range of
At the beginning of the war the
Paris newspapers mentioned a new
explosive of Turpin's invention which
had just .been tried out, and predict
ed that it would annihilate whole
regiments. Bombs charged with it
were dropped from aeroplanes upon
a field containing several hundred
sheep, and, according to the report,
all the animals were killed by the
fumes. So deadly was this explosive
that the French government at first
hesitated to use it on the ground that
the slaughter would be too terrible.
In his connection attention is call
ed to a dispatch published in the
New Rork Times just before the be
ginning of the battle of the Marne,
in which the correspondent, after re
ferring to Gen. Kallieni's encourag
ing proclamation to the people of
Paris, continues: .
"Perhaps I may mention an open
secret. If the Germans are rejoic
ing in their great seige guns, we
have a surprise quite as cheering for
them, onde they get to close .grips;
nd we are all asking ourselves how
far their extraordinary sense of hu
-nanity will prevent the French from
making use of their great secret."
Some of the Paris papers said at
.hat time that if the Germans ever
ittacked the city there would be un
heard-off slaughter; so apparently it
was supposed tha4 these shells
which, presumably, are used in the
75-millimeter field guns-would be
-eserved as a last resort for the de
.ense of the capital. But now, ac
:ording to the theory, the French
have at last overcome their humani- -
.arian scruples and, decided to use
GERMAN WARSHIPS SUNK.
Russian Cruiser Sinks Cruiser and
Two Mine Laying Torpedo Boats.
The news of a Russian naval vic
tory in the Baltic in which a Russian
e~ruiser sank a German cruiser and
two torpedo boats has lessened some
what the dismay felt by the British
ublic over the destruction of three
British cruisers off the Hook -of Hol
The Russian armored cruiser
Bayan, a ship of 7,775 tons, encoun
tered the German warships in the
Baltic, it is reported from Paris,
while they were mine laying. No de
tails of the engagement are yet
known, but the Bayan apparently es
caped serious injury. Th e Bayan was
tompleted in 1910. She is of twenty
one knots speed and carries an arma
ment of two 8-inch guns, eight 6
inch guns and smaller batteries.
None of British Machines is Badly
The Admiralty issued this state
nent Wednesday: "Yesterday the
3ritish aeroplanes of the naval wing
ielivered an attack on the Zeppelin
shed at Duesseldbrf. The conditions
vere rendered very difficult by the
misty weather, but Flight Lieut. C.
I. Collet dropped three bombs on the
5eppelin shed, a'proaching within
100 feet. The extent of the damage
s not known. Flight Lieut. Collet's
nachine was struck by one projiectile,
Sut all the machines returned safely.
to their point of departure.''
French Government Seeking Mounts
From This State.
Representatives of the French gov
ernment were in Greenville Saturday
to purchase horses for the French
army. This would indicate that not
only have been been killed out in the
war in Europe, but that the horses
in the cavalry have suffered likewise.
The two representatives were in An
derson Thursday and purchased
about 500 animals in and around the
county. The animals will be shipped
to Canada and from there will be
sent to France for use in the army.
Guilty of Manslaughter.
Joseph G. Sullivan of Laurens was
Saturday found guilty of manslaugh
ter for the killing of John M. Can
non last May.
Zeppelinis Over Denmark.
Zeppelin airships, supposedly on
reconnoitering duty, were observed
Thursday from various places in Jut
TO CHECK CRITICS
WILSON RESENTS INTERVIEWS Of
TAKES I THREE CASES
Turkish Ambassador is to Leave This
Country Within a Fortnight-Eng
lishmanr and German Get in Hot
Water When They Made Indiscreet
References to Mexico and Japan.
President Wilson has determined
to put a stop to public comments on
the international :elations of the
United States by diplomatic repre
sentatives of foreign governments.
The president's patience in this re
spect became exhausted Wednesday
when he saw an interview with Baron
Wilhelm von Schoen of the German
Diplomatic Service, who arrived in
this country last week from Tokio,
where he formally was attached to
the German Embassy. In the inter
yiew, which Baron von Schoen con
firmed Wednesday afternoon, the
German diplomatist, among other
"I have heard many persons in
Japan say they believed war with the
United States was unavoidable. From
repeated statements of this sort I
have come to believe that it is the
general opinion of the Japanese peo
ple. I have seen frequent evidence
of very strong anti-American feeling'
There seems to be intense hatred for
the United States throughout Japan."
Administration officials were angry
:ver such statements, which they con
strued as intended to incite feeling
between Japan and the United States.
By direction of the president, Secre
tary Bryan will call the attention of
the German ambassador. Count von
Bernstorff, to the utterances of Baron
In this connection it became known
rhursday that A. Rustem Bey, the
Turkish ambassador, had informed
President Wilson that he does not
ailter the views he recently expressed
in a published interview and will
leave the United States within a fort
The ambassador refused to com
mient further except to say he had
sked his government for leave of
bsence, which he was certain would
be granted. The announcement of
he ambassador's withdrawal, though
iot unexpected, caused a profound
;ensation in diplomatic circles.
In the objectionable statement
which was given out by the Turkish
tmbassador, and which aroused the
:emper of the administration. Rus
:em Bey said that Great Britain was
:rying to involve the United States
a the European war by indicating I
hat she had no objection to the send- I
ng of American warships to Turkish
orts for the alleged purpose of pro- I
ecting American citizens. In mak- I
ng some ironical comments on re
.orts that Christians in Turkey were
n danger of massacre, the ambas-|
~ador referred to lynchings in the|I
southern States and to the "water|1
ures" in the Phillippines during the
When the interview was published. 1
secretary Bryan, at the instance of
:he president, sent for Rustem Bey
md asked him to refrain from fur- 1
:her comment on matters of domestic
toncern to the United States and thet
war in Europe. The ambassador hast
iot overstepped the bounds of pro- I
riety since then.
It was understood that the admin
stration was not disposed to make I
mn issue of the affair, and that it
vould let the matter drop if Rustem
Bey preserved a discreet silence in
~uture. -But the Rustem Bey inter
riew has been followed by other in
erviews by diplomats, and the ad- t
ninistration feels that it is necessary
o take more drastic action in order
o0 prevent a repetition of a practice.
that it believes in becoming alto
gether too common and is likely to
listurb the friendly relations of tihe I
United States with other nations.
Another interesting development
was that the administration had de
termined not to drop the case of Sir 1
Lionel Carden. British minister to
exico, who was quoted in New York
last week, as he was starting for Eng
land, in criticism of the action of the
United States in withdrawing its
armed forces from Vera Cruz.
Sir Lionel Carden is now on his
way to England. When he arrives
there he will be asked if the inter
view attributed to him in New York:
was authentic. Upon the answer he1
gives will depend the course of the:
United States with regard to the
statements he was reported to have
made in New York.
This interview was regarded as
particularly aggravating in view of
other comments on the attitude of
the United States in Mexico which
newspaper dispatches said had been
made by Sir Lionel Carden when he
was stationed in Mexico City. He
was transferred recently to Brazil as
minister, and is now on his way to
his post by way of England.
War Correspondents Warned.
The adventures of American war
correspondents called forth a warn
ing from the French government that
they must not go where the armies
are engaged, under pain of righteous~
Convicts to Wear Blue Suits.
The prisoners at Blackwell's Is
land, New York's refuge of the crimi
nals. will no longer be seen in the
black and white stripes. Blue suits
have been substituted.
Charleston Buys 14,78.5 Bales.
A two-day cotton campaign in
Charleston resulted in the announce
ment that 14,785 bales would bej
TELLS OF WARFARE
SIR JOHN FRENCH MAKES RE
PORT UP TO MONDAY.
Battle For Last Week Continued to
Remain an Artillery Duel, Says
British Official Dispatch.
The London official press bureau
Thursday night issued a report from
Field Marshal Sir John French's
headquarters, supplementing the dis
patches of September 22, on British
operations in France. The report
"The enemy is still maintaining
himself along the whole front and is
throwing into the fight units from
the active army, reserve and Land
wehr, as is shown by the uniforms
of prisoners captured.
"Our progress, although slow, is
certain directions has been contin
uous, but the present battle may well
Last for some days more before a de
yision is reached, since it now approx
imates somewhat to siege warfare.
"The Germans are making use of
earchlights. This fact, coupled with
their great strength in heavy artil
ery, leads to the supposition that
they are employing material which
may have been collected for the siege
"The nature of the general situa
dion after the operations of the 18th,
19th and 20th can not be summariz
d better than expressed recently by
i. neighboring French commander to
lis corps: 'Having repulsed repeat
,d and violent counter attacks made
3y the enemy, we have a feeling that
we have been victorious.'
- "So far as the British are con
erned, the course of events during
hese three days can be described in
L few words. During the 18th artil-,
ery fire was kept up intermittently
)y both sides during daylight. At
ight the Germans counter attacked,
ut the strokes were not delivered
ith great vigor, and ceased about 2
t. m. During the day's fighting an
Lircraft gun of the third army corps
>rought down a German aeroplane.
iews was received also that a body
f French cavalry hsd demolished
art of the railway to the north, cut
,ing at least temporarily one line of
:mmunication of particular impor
ance to the enemy.
"On Saturday, the 19th, the bom
>ardment was resumed by the Ger
nans at an early hour and. con
inued intermittently under reply
rom our own guns.
"We brought down another hos
ile aeroplane and one of our fliers
tropped several bombs over the Ger
an line, one falling with consider
.ble effect near La Fere.
"On Sunday, the 20th, nothing of
mportance occurred until the after
oon, when the Germans made sev
ral counter attacks against different
oints. These were repulsed, with
Dss to ourselves and the enemy.
"The offensive against one or two
oints was renewed at dusk, with no
:reater success. The brunt of the
esistance has naturally fallen upon
tie infantry. In spite of the fact that
hey have been drenched to the skin
or some days, and their trenches
ave been deep in mud and water,
nd in spite of the incessant night
larms and the almost continuous
ombardment to which they have
een subjected, they have on every
ccasion been ready for the enemy's
nfantry, and have beaten them back
ith great loss. Indeed, the sight of
he troops coming up has been a posi
ve relief after long trying hours of
naction under shell fire.
"The object of the great proportion
f artillery the Germans employ is
o beat down the resistance of their
nemy by concentrated and prolong
d fire, to shatter their nerve with
gh explosives before the infantry
ttack is launched. They seem to
ave relied on doing this with us, but
hey have not done so, though it has
aken them several costly experi
cents to discover this fact.
"From statements from prisoners
t appears that they have been great
y disappointed by the moral effect
>roduced by their heavy guns.
"The German howitzer shells are
rom 8 to 9 inches in calibre, and on
mpact they send up columns of
~reasy black smoke. On account of
his they are dubbed 'Coal Boxes,'
Black Marias' or 'Jack Johnsons' by
"A considerable amount of infor
nation nas been gleaned from the
..r'soners. It has been gathered that
>ur bomb'trdment on the 15th pro
luced a great impression. The opin
n is also rcported that our infantry
nakes such good use of the ground
hat the German companies are deci
aated by our rifle fire before the
ritish soldier can be seen.
"The losses in officers are noted as
s having been especially severe. A
rigade is stated to be commanded
:y a major; some companies of foot
guards by one-year volunteers, while
fter the battle of Monmirail one
regiment lost 55 out of 60 officers.
"The prisoners recently captured
ippreciate the fact that the march
an Paris has failed and that their
orces are retreating, but state that
the object of this movement is ex
plained by the officers as being to
withdrawv into closer touch with sup
ports which have stayed too far in
"The officers also are endeavoring
to encourage the troops by telling
them they will be at home by Christ
mas. A large number of the men be
lieve they are beaten.''
Want a New County.
A movement has been started to
form a new county out of portions of
Greenwood. Abbeville and Edgefield
counties. with McCormick as the
Fletcher In Command.
Rear Admiral Frank Fletcher has
assumed complete command of the
Noth Atlantic fleet.
WATCHED WITH INTEREST,
SUBMARINES MAY CHANGE TAC
TICS OF NAVAL WARFARE.
American Officers Greatly Interested
in Combat Which is Going on in
Washington naval officers were
greatly interested in the reports of
the destruction of the three British
cruisers by torpedoes, presumably
discharged by a German submarine
Precisely such an operation has
been expected ever since the war be
gan. Officers particularly familiar
with the use of submarines have firm
ly believed that the present war
would bring surprises to the world
in' the way of proving the deadly ef
fectiveness of submarine torpedo
. The loss of the three British cruis
-ers in this matter is regarded as a
severe blow to their navy, not so
-iunch in the actual loss involved in
this instance, but as an alarming
symptom of what may occur in'the
future. It is believed that it will
have a depressing effect on public
opinicn in England. as it is likely to
stir up doubt of the ability of the
British battleship fleet to maintain
itself intact in the face of stealthy
On the other hand, it was pointed
out that undoubtedly for the very
purpose of avoiding submarine at
tacks the British dreadnoughts, upon
which the real strength of the Brit
ish feet depends, are being kept out
of the probable range of the Ger
Though the exact location of the
British cruisers when they were de
stroyed is not announced by the Ad
miralty, it is assumed that they were
probably doing patrol or scout duty
closer in shore than the probable
position of the dreadnoughts. Ameri
can naval men take it for granted
that the British are using their de
stroyers and light cruisers for in
shore. work to protect the main fleet,
if possible, from German destroyers
It is expected that the successful
operations-of the German submarines
will again revive the controversy,
which has grown in importance in
recent years, over the relative value
of the -dreadnought in the face of
possible submarine attacks. A Brit
ish naval expert recently proclaimed
his belief that the usefulness of
dreadnoughts was at an end, owing
to the effectiveness of the latest type
of aubmarine torpedo boats.
At that time American naval offi
cers contested this extreme view, and
while admitting the probable great
value of submarines in the next naval
war maintained that the dreadnought
battleship, with its great guns, for
many years to come would prove to
be the deciding factor in any test of
Naval officers have predicted that
Germany would follow this method of
warfare on the sea; her submarines
and destroyers, aided by her Zeppe
lins, dashing out for a quick attack,
while her dreadnoughts remained un
der the protection of fortifications in
definitely. In other words, Germany,
as her plan is understood, will count
on striking little blows at frequent
intervals, instead of risking a gen
eral engagement against such strong
Would Crush Russians and Then Go
to Austrians Aid.
The German army of East Prussia,
numbering more than 1,200,000 men,
has gathered in its forces from Rus
sian Poland as far south as a line
drawn west of Ledz and is concen
trating just around the fortress of
Kovno in a supreme effort to smash
the army of Gen. Rennenkampif.
The aim of Germany, if successful
in this attempt, is to move south and
force Russia to evacuate Austrian
Poland. In view of Gen. Rennen
kampff's experience in Manchuria
and his proved ability as a com
mander, the success of such a plan
Telescribe Records Both Ends of a
Edison's latest invention, the tele
scribe, which records both sides of a
telephone conversation, was recently
exhibited in New York. The machine
is simple. The desk telephone is
equipped with two transmitters and
two receivers. The talker uses one
set and the other set is hitched to a
phonograph record which takes down
every sound on the wire. The phono
graph is started recording and stop
ped at will by pressing buttons.
Governor-Elect is Urging Buy-a-Bale
Movement in Richmond.
Richard I. Manning, Democratic
nominee, by more than 28,000 ma
jOrity, for governor of South Caro
lina, telegraphed Tuesday from
Washington to his Columbia head
quarters, as follows:
"Urge through the press that 'buy
a-bale' shall be from cotton producer
who needs money to pick his cotton.
Am urging 'buy-a-bale' movement in
Richmond and other points."
Our Gold in Turkey.
The dispatch boat Scorpion, United
States navy, has reached Constanti
nople. and placed $400,000 at the
disposal of A mbasador Moremthau.
THE REBELS REBEL
VILLA DENIES AUTIORITY Of
CARRANZ IN SONORA
MAY MEAN MORE WAR
Carranza Informs American Govern
ment That He Would Not Attack
Villa, But Has Ordered His Troops
on the Defensive-Hope is Express
ed That Differences May be Sattled.
The break between Carranza and
Villa has finally come, and unless a
reconciliation can be ,brought about
quickly Mexico will again be plunged
into a revolution.
This sudden turn of affairs again
makes uncertain the immediate re
tirement of the American troops
from Vera Cruz and the part which
this government will be obliged to
play in Mexico.
Villa has served notice on Car
ranza that the forces under his com
mand will not attend the national
convention of the Constitutionalists
to be held in Mexico City on October
1, and also that he no longer recog
nizes Carranza as first chief.
. This declaration by Villa will
amount to the proclaiming of a new
revolution unless the present breach
is healed. For months the United
States government has been exerting
every effort to prevent this break
and now that it has come President
Wilson is certain to take the strong
est steps possible to bring about a
The incident, however, suggests
the tremendous problem facing the
Wilson administration in its effort to
establish a stable government in
Mexico, with upheavals like this oc
curing every few months. It indi
cates that the success of "watchful
waiting" is far from assured as yet.
The break between Carranza and
Villa was announced official Wednes
day night by the Constitutionalist
agency at Washington. It was due
to developments that followed Villa's
arrest of Gen. Obregon, one of Car
ranza's foremost leaders.
Obregon was invited to Chihuahua
by Villa two or three days ago to
discuss certain affairs in the State of
Sonora. The governor, Joseph May
torena, has been a strong Villa ad
herents and has openly been oppos
ing Carranza's control at Mexico City.
Obregon recently 'isited Sonora in
an effort- to patch matters up for
Carranza in that state. Some of these
matters did not suit Villa and he in
vited Obregon to a conference at Chi
uahua. The two generals could not
agree and there was a big quarrel.
Villa, it is said, threatened to shoot
Dbregon, and finally had him seized
and made a.'prisoner.
When Carranza learned that one of
his leading generals was a prisoner
in Villa's hands he ordered the r'ail
road service discontinued north of
Aguas Calientes. He did this as a
precautionary measure, apparently
being suspicious of Villa and uncer
tain as to whether he might not at
tempt to move on south with his
Villa demanded an explanation of
the discontinuance of this train ser
ice and Carranza replied that before
Villa would get an explanation he
would do some explaining on his
wn part. The first chief then called
upon Villa for his reasons for holding
Gen. Obregon as a prisoner.
Villa ignored this demand and then
served his notice of withdrawal from
the Constitutionalist convention and
is refusal to recognize Carranza as
For days there have been rumors
in Washington of the likelihood of
dangerous developments in Mexico.
Some army officers have gone so far
as to assert that the United States
troops will not be withdrawn, as
President Wilson had announced, and
that the United States would be for
tunate if it was not obliged to send
more forces to the southern republic
before mrany months are over.
<President Wilson has made it plain
to both men through his personal
representative that the United States
would look with disfavor on a con
tinuance of fighting in Mexico. Gen.
Carranza informed the American con
sular representatives that he would
not attack Villa .but would order his
forces to remain on the defensive.
The Washington administration.
through its, emissaries, has pleaded
with Carranza to adopt a more gen
erous attitude toward Villa, and at
the same time has used every influ
ence to prevent Villa from openly
breaking with the first chief.
Huge Russian Army Preparing to
Take Offensive in Austria.
The Russian offensive against Aus
tria is developing slowly. There are
great stretches of country to cover
and enormous numbers of men to
move. Austria, it is computed, has
not more than 500,000 men left to
guard her northern frontier against
the Russian millions, but if she can
withdraw them to Cracow in some
some of order she can rely on the
help of a well trained German army
Mexican Wires Cut.
The telegraph wires between Vera
Cruz and Mexico City have been cut.
and there is no communication be
tween the cities.
Three Austrian Ships Lost.
A dispatch from Triests reports the
destruction of two torpedo boats and
one destroyer of the Austrian navy.
THREE BRITISH NAVAL SQUAD
RONS HUNT CRUISERS.
German Ships Emdem and Dresden
Are Reaping Rich Prey While .Es
Two German cruisers, the Emden,
operating in the Bay of Bengal, and
the Dresden, patrolling the Brazilian
coast, have destroyed at least twenty
British merchant vessels within the
last ten days. The majority of these
were bound for American or Cuban
Although two separate squadrons
of British warships are after the Em
den and another seeking the Dres
den, they have been unable to come
up-with them. This failure has un
settled marine insurance conditions
until very high premiums on rein
surance ar-; being demanded on all
overdue merchantmen flying the Brit
Cable dispatches state that on Sat
urday or Sunday theEmden sunk the
steamship Craftsman, a sister ship of
the Diplomat, which also was sent to
the bottom. Immediately after this
came another dispatch that the Clan
Matheson, and two other ships had
been destroyed by the busy cruiser.
The list up to date charged to the
one war vessel includes the Lovat,
Killin, Trabboch, Indus and the Dip
lomat, so far as known. The Kab
binga, captured, was used to take
the crews of all the other ships into
Calcutta. That port is now closed.
There is nothing definite about the
operations of the Dresden, but since
she has been operating in the vicinity
of the River -Plate about fifteen Brit
ish merchantmen have vanished from
the wireless and' other worlds. The
Indian Prince, which left Bahia on
September 2 with 34,000 bags of cof
fee for New York, was due at Port
au Spain September 12, but she never
The Silversand' left Montevideo on
August 22 and has not been reported
since; the Kathleen, which left the
day before, has dropped out; the
Higbury, which left the 24th, has
not been heard from since the Lux-.
emburg, Bernhard, Brittainy and Dal
ton, all of which left Buenos Ayres
between August 12 and 16, never
communicated with any other vessel
again. In addition, the Mamari,
which left Wellington, and the Del
phia, which left Auckland early in
August, have dropped out.
It is understood that practically all
of the ships carry war risk insurance
issued by the British government.
agents Attempt to Purchase 100,000
Guns in New York.
Somebody is in the New York gun
market with ~an order for 100,000
rifles and 50,000,000 rounds of am
munition for shipment abroad. Gun
dealers have been approached by
commission agents durin the past
week and asked if they could fill a
substantial part of the order.
The agents were authorized to buy
100,000 guns and sufficient ammuni
ion. This is taken to mean 500
rounds for each rifle. The agents
want as modern rifles as they can
get, but are wililig to take fairly old
They would have to pay from $5 to
$10 for an old rifle, and up to $20 for
in up-to-date arm. They are willing
to pay the higher price. If they got
ill the guns at the higher price the
cost will be $2,000,000.
It is doubtful if there are 100,000
rifles in the country for sale. Mexico
during the troubles down there took
all the arms the American manufac
turers could turn out. The manufac
turers--there are only two in the
country who could fill the order
have not nearly that many rifles in
TO WEAR COTTON.
.Iovie Machine Takes Picture on Cap
itol Steps at Washington.
Speaker Clark. Miss Genevieve
Cl'ark, Miss Luck Burleson, Miss Cal
lie Hoke Smith and Representative
Job:ison, of South Carolina, who rep
resents a cotton mill district, were
actors in a moving picture scene on
the capital portico Thursday to boost
the movement to substitute the cot
ton dresses for silks. The trio of
girls carried large department store
packages, each containing a dress
length of cotton goods from South
Carolina, which they will have made
into frocks for exhibition at the Na
tional Cotton Fashions Show to be
held at Washington October 7 and 8.
NO SHOTS FIRED.
Germians Say British Cruisers Did Not
Fire Upon Submarines.
A Berlin official dispatch by Mar
coni wireless says: "Not a single
shot was fired by any of the three
British cruisers sunk by the German
submarine. Most or the British sail
ors were in their bunks when the
attack was made. The Iron Cross
has been bestowed on each member
of the crew of the submarine.
"Stranger" Gets $2,000 But Ieaves
$300 on Bank's Floor.
A roughly dressed man entered the
Bank of California at Seattle, Wash..
Saturday and showed the paying
teller a bottle which, he. said, con
tained a high explosive. One the.
threat the bank teUer handed;
the man $2,000 he demanded. In his|
haste to leave, the stranger dropped'
$300 on the floor and id not stop to
nick it up.
'ADO SAY MONEY SCAITY IS
CAUSED BY HOARDING
CALLS FOR STATE HELP
Asks Banking Superintendent of
South Carolina to Report Reserves
of State Banks, Their Rates of In
terest on Existing Loans and New
The anti-money hoarding campaign
launched by 'Secretary McAdoo
against national banks, particularly
those which have received federal'
crop-moving money or which have
taken out emergency currency, has
broadened to take in State institu
Mr. McAdoo sent a telegram to
superintendent of banking in each
state announcing the restriction of
credits by national banks and the
high interest rates charged, and ap
pealing for aH available information
regarding State banks and trust'com
panies. He declared that if banks
will be persuaded to use resources
intelligently the present situation will
be greatly relieved.
It was understood that a list of
banks which are piling up reserves
or hoarding money'will be made pub
lic and that, as announced before,
the practice will be kept up as long
as there isoccasion -for it.:Mr. Mc
Adoo's telegram to the state bank
ing superintendents follows:
"Reports now .being received by
the comptroller of the currency from
national banks throughout the coun
try indicate that a money scarcity is
being occasioned in large measure be
cause of the hoarding of funds by
many nation& 'janks, which are car
rying reserves, in some cases two or
three times as great as required by
law, and also that credits are being
restricted and excessive rates of in
terest are being charged to- custom
"There is at this time more cur
rency in the country than at any time
in its previous history, there having
been issued through the treasury de
partment since August 4 more than
$300,000,000 -additionial natioihal
bank currency,. which, together with
the relaxation in business, should
create an abundance of loanable
"This department will withdraw
government deposits from banks
found to be hoarding money and
charging excessive rates of interest
and will redeposit them with 'anks
whose funds are being loaned at rea
sonable rates to meet the legitimate
limands of business and for moving
"This department would like very
much to have. your co-operation:in
it efforts to remedy these unsatis
factory conditions,- and respectfully
asks if it would not be possible .fr
you to secure from all state banks
and trust companies in your state
itatements which will show their cash
reserves as of a recent dite, the rates
f interest which they are charging
m existing loans, and the rates which
they are demanding for new accom
nodations, and give this department
the benefit of the information disclos
d by these reports.
"It is confidently believed that if
all banks can be persuaded to use
their resources intelligenly and con
siderately and at reasonable rates of
interest to meet the legitimate de
mands in their respective communi
Lies, the whole situation~ can be great
ly relieved and business restored to
a satisfactory, If not an entirely nor
cnal, basis. Kindly answer."
In connection with the alleged re
fusal of national .banks to extend
3redits Secretary McAdoo issued this
"Senator Lea of Tennessee informs
rae that the state of Tennessee has
$1,600,000 of short term notes, ma
turing October 1: that the state de
tires to renew or extend $1,400,000
~af these notes; that a commission
representing the state has been in
New York for some time trying to
affect this loan, but without success.
"It is preposterous that one of the
irreat states of the union should find
it impossible to procure from th~e
banks such a comparatively small
tmount of money. Senator Lea in
forms me that he was going to ,New
York for the purpose of foining the*
:ommission in its efforts to secure the
"If Senator Lea and his associates
are unable to procure from banks in
the city of New York or elsewhere,
and upon reasonable terms, the de
tired loan, I will myself see if banks
can not be found to take up this
loan for the state of Tennessee oni
the 1st of October next, upon reason
able terms and at a resonable amount
To Buy Bales.
Plans have been inaugurated in
Nlew York and Cincinnati for each
city to purchase 100,000 bales of cot
Hailstone Hits Allied Lines.
A Battle Front dispatch dated Sun
day says a hailstone with a cold
wind added to the hardships of the
allied troops, who, however, retain
their splendid spirit.
Peace Efforts Halt.
With the receipt of the German re
ply to President Wilson no. efforts
have been made by this government,
to push its efforts towards peace.
Only One Suinmarine in Action.
A wireless from Berlin says the
three British cruisers were bunk by
the German submarine, U-9, working