Newspaper Page Text
VOL.XXVIII MANNING, S, C., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 20. 1915
TAKES CHARGE OF
SHIP OF STATE
MUST ENFORCE LAWS
Governor-Elect Addresses Large
Crowd--Demands Enforcement of
Law and Guarantees Fufillment of
Adequate Facilities and Then Local
Option Compulsory Law-Demands
Strict Economy But Says Needed
Works Must Not Suffer.
Mr. President, Mr. Speaker and Gen
tlemen of the General Assembly:
In assuming the duties of governor
I am mindful of the responsibilities
of the position. I invoke Divine guid
ance, and earnestly pray that wisdom,
courage, and strength may be given
me to see clearly and t6 do justly in
all that may come to me as duty.
Under our form of government we
have the executive, legislative and ju
dicial branches, each -separate and
distinct from the other, and each a
check on the other.
The governor of the State is at the
head of the epecutive branch. It is
.his duty to enforce the laws as they
stand on the statute books. It is not
his prerogative to decide whether a
law is wise, or best suited to a com
munity, but he is to see to it that the
law Is obeyed.
I have faith In our people; I be
lieve that they want the laws enforc
ed, and their conscience is awakened
on this subject. The watchword of
.my campaign last summer was the
enforcement of the law. I now de
clare afresh my purpose to carry out
in good faith, this pledge. I believe
In home rule-local self-government,
and I expect every one who is charg
ed with enforcement of law to do his
duty. My desire is that in each com
munity the laws shall be enforced by
the local authorities. I take this, the
very first occasion, to say to these
authorities that I stand ready and
eager to co-operate with them in this
work, and that they may be assured
of my aid with every available law
ful means to attain this objedt. Let
ane add another word, not as a threat,
but as a warning; if in any com
mnunity the lawful authorities fall to
enforce the laws, it will then be my
duty to see that the laws are obeyed.
This I intend to do.
The constitution provides that the
governor may make such recommen
dations to the general assembly as, In
his judgment, are good and proper. .
The time has come when we have
to meet new conditions; we are living
In a time of change and progress.
This condition gives us new prob
lems to solve-new difficulties to
meet. We are to be congratulated ii
having at the head of the nation a
iman of great discernment, courage.
and ability, who is dealing with na
tional questions in a statesmanlike
way. May I hope that we will seek
Inspiration from that example to deal
with State questions with wisdom and
We are progressive Democrats and
we must have the courage to do just
ly to each and every class of our citi
zens, even if It requires legislation
hitherto untried by us.
Primary Election Law.
In my judgment, the people of this
State, regardless of party, owe a debt
of gratitude to the last State conven
tion of the Democratic party for
adopting rules and regulations gov
ern-ing the primary elections. It is
due to the members of that conven
tion to say that the apprehensions of
those who opposed personal enroll
ment were not justified. and that per
sonal enrollment. together with the
publicity given to the rolls of the
clubs, saved us from irregularities
and charges of fraud. So far as I
know, the last primary election was
one in which the will of the peoDle
was honestly expressed by their bal
lots, and these were fairly counted
I recommend, therefore, that your
honu.-able body shall enact into law
for primary elections, such provisions
as controlled the last Democratic pri
mary election in order that, in alP
primary elections, each and every
man entitled by law to vote, shal1
have the right and opportunity te
vote once and that no man shall be
allowed to vote more than once.
It is gratifying to know the pro
gress we are making in education; it
.Is even more gratifying to realize that
our people are aroused to its para
mount importance; that they are de
termJned that the children of our
State shall be educated. This Is man
ifested In the spirit of self-help, and
eac hyear sees a substantial increast
in the number of school districts that
tax themselves for school purposes.
Our institutions of higher learning
have shown steady growth and arc
doing splendid work. We must pro
vide liberally for their support sc
that their growth and developmeni
can be maintained. But the fact
stares us in the face that we are in a
period of general business depressior
and we must jealously consider every
item of expenditure, to save the peo
ple from unnecessary burden. I sug
gest, therefore, that at this time we
should not undertake any enlarge
ment of these Plants or any unneces
Notwithstanding the progress we
are making in educational facilities
and the general awakening that has
come to us, we must frankly admit
that we are still far short of the posi
tion we should occupy In the work of
education. It stands to our shame
that the percentage of illiteracy
among our citizens is so great. This
stain must be iped out; and to do
this, we must tax ourselves liberally
for the public schools, in order that
their usefulness may be increased
-nd that the opportunity for educa
ion may be given to all of our boys
We must encourage the spirit of
reif-help, and every district should~
arst Impose a local tax by the vote of
ts resident voters before receivingt
State aid. Yet, the growth cf the
- ublic schools will be deterone1&
largfiely by the amount of Stats aid
Wealk country schools must be
"elped and ever? commnunity must be
emocuraged to have at least a sever
onths' term, ad zo tisackev shoulW
GOT. BLEASE GiVES NO REASONS
FOR HIS SUDDEN ACT
L A. SMITH IS NOERNO
News of Sudden Ending of Stormy
Administration Comes Like Thun
derclap-Causes Whirlwind in Leg.
islature-New Governor is Sworn
in to be Chief Officer of the State.
With dramatic suddenness, Cole L.
Blease resigned Thursday at 12:15
o'clock as governor of South Caro
lina, bringing his term in this office
to a close five days before it would
have expired by law. Charles A.
Smith, lieutenant governor, took the
oath of office from Eugene B. Gary,
chief justice of the supreme court,
and became governor of South Caro
lina at 12:45 o'clock. He will be
chief executive of the State until noon
next Tuesday, January 19, when
Richard I. Manning will be inaugu
Notice to the general assembly that
Gov. Blease had withdrawn from of
fice was contained in the following
communication, read in both the
House and Senate:
"To the General Assembly of South
"I hereby resign as governor of
(Signed) "Cole L. Blease."
The resignation was written in red
ink on a sheet of the governor's pri
vate stationery. A duplicate of the
communication to the general assem
bly was filed in the office of the secre
tary of state.
"It startled me. I was very much
surprised. I do hate to leave the
Senate, because my work there has
been so pleasant," said Charles A.
Smith, governor of South Carolina,
as he sat in the executive office at
the State house Thursday, shortly
after he had been sworn in.
Gov. Smith received many tele
grams congratulating him upon his
elevation to the high offi e. Many
called over the telephone from points
In the state. During the afternoon
there was a constant stream of call
"I have already received three peti
tions for pardon. They are right im
portant cases, but I have taken no
action," said Gov. Smith.
Gov. Smith said that he would re
tire from politics at the expiration of
his term of office as governor. One
of the first acts of Gov. Charles A.
Smtih was to name C. L. Blease, for
mer governor, as a notary public of
The first Intimation that he was
going to be made governor of South
Carolina came to Charles A. Smith
Thursday at 12:15 o'clock as he was
ascending the steps of the speaker's
rostrum in the House to preside over
the joint session at which Mendel L.
Smith was elected judge of the Fifth
circuit. Gov. Smith, who was still
lieutenant governor then, was stop
ed on his way up to the steps by
W. F. Blackburn, secretary to Gov.
Blease. Mr. Blackburn told him to
come down to the governor's office as
soon as the joint session was over
nd imparted the further information
that Gov. Blease had resigned.
Through sources other than Coy.
Smith and Mr. Blackburn the news
of the governor's resignation got
abroad among the people in the lob
bes and was spread among members
of the House and Senate sitting in
oint session to elect a judge.
On his' way back to the Senate
chamber at the head of the proces
sion of senators after the joint as
sembly adjourned at 12:35 o'clock.
Gov. Smith was congratulated on his
sudden elevation to the office of chief
executive. He smiled and remarked.
"I'll have a long time to corve,
Gov. Blease stated to the repre
sentative of The Columbia Record
that he would state no reason for
this action. He was then in the su
reme court room, where prepara
tions were being made to adminIster
the oath of office to Charles A. Smith,
the lieutenant governor.
While a crowd of state officials,
members of both branches of the
legislature and several score citizens
crowded the supreme court roam to
verfowing and packed the wide halls
f the capitol before the court room.
Charles A. Smith. pallied with excite
ment that caused the entire assem
blage of possibly two hundred to
uiver noticeably, became the gov
ernor of South Carolina. "The new
overnor's home is at Tifr tville.
He was a candidate, defea.a ', last
summer for the governor's cfee.
Though from no official source
sould the statement be confirmed, it
was generally stated in the legislative
halls that Gov. Blease resigned be
-ause he did not "like the personnel
of the legislature." This body is
known to be almost unanimously and
bitterly opposed to him.
When Goy. Blease was told Thurs
day morning of a meeting of mem
bers of the legislature when the pro
oosal of instituting impeachment pro
ceedings against hIm was considered,
he was visibly effected, and restrain
ed his speech with apparent difficulty.
To the newspaper men, the resign
ng governor after quitting that of
fce appeared a defiant man. He was
cool and self-possessed, the most com
osed man In all that growing crowd
that thronged the South Carolina
Immediately after news of the gay
ernr's resigning became known in
the joint session of the legislature
that body broke up with precinitate
haste. The newspaper men did not
observe the decorum of the body and
an rapidly from the hall of the
House or Representatives, followed
by the members.
When order was restored the rou
tine business of the House continued.
elthough the hum ef excited conver
sation continued. At 1:10 Mr. Black
burn again appeared and was an
eunced as a messenger of "His~ Ex
celleney the Governor." He presbeit
d the following mesge:
CAUCUS DECIDED NOT TO STAR'
Members of General Assembly Had
Considered Advisability of Action
Against Governor Who Resigned.
As the result of a conference held
at Columbia Tuesday night, impeach
ment proceedings will not be started
against Gov. Cole L. Blease by the
House of Representatives. - The con
ference which reached this decision
was attended by about 25 leaders
from both branches of the general
assembly, when they, in secret ses
sion, considered this proposed action.
It being pointed out during the
conference that the chief executive
would be legally entitled to place on
the -w.ness stand before the members
of the Senate and justices of the su
preme court, acting as judges, every
person in this and other sta.tes to
testify in his favor, it was decided im
peachment would be impractical.
. The conference reached the conclu
son, it was stated by one of that
number, that such proceedings could
be drawn out for such a period that
the state would be f rced to spend
thousands of dollars, and finally prob
ably would be forced to drop the im
peachment effort because of the great
expense to the state the governor
The meeting came to the realiza
tion, after discussion extending over
two hours, that, though there exist
ed small doubt "in our minds" that
the governor would be impeached
when decision by the Senate was
reaehed, the chances in Gov. Blease's
favor were such that he could, with
in the law, "filibuster" the state "in
That legislator discussing the con
ference stated that "it was a deter
mined crowd that gathered here to
make plans for beginning these pro
ceedings. The resolutions were pre
pared, and to a discussion of them
was given to first consideration of
the conference. It was decided, how
ever, to our disappointment, that the
power possesed by the governor was
sufficient to probably bring substan
tial failure to the movement."
Another disquieting factor the con
ferees stated in session that they
would be forced to contend with
those "weak-kneed" members, 10
of whom could, by objecting,
cause a delay of at least 24 hours
in the vote on the articles that would
begin the impeachment proceedings
and temporarily, at least, disqualify
the governor. In that event, which
was expected, it - was explained that
the governor -could "do his worst,"
and even "the supreme court could
not stop him."
It was pointed out to the confer
ence that Gov. Blease has only a few
more days to serve as chief execu
tive, and that instituting impeach
ment proceedings against him would
"fail to accomplish any substantial
good, for we could not in any way
place him in jail unless developments
gave evidence sufficient to support a
warrant for crime, and that could not
be served until his term of office had
expired and the proceedings complet
FOOD CARGOES HELD.
Ships Have Been Detained Since Mid
dle of November.
The Norwegian steamers Alfred
Nobel and Bjornstjerne Bjornson,
loaded chiefly with Chicago packing
bouse products, have been held in
British ports since the middle of No
The cargoes are consigned "to or
der" at Copenhagen. The Nobel sail
ed from New York October 20 and
arrived in Liverpool November 17.
The ~Bjornson left New York October
27 and was taken Into Leith Novem
Owners of the vessels say the ships
sailed from the United States before
the British announcement that all
supplies that a belligerent army
might utilize must be definitely con
signed to some firm.
The Swedish steamer Fridland,
which left New York October 28 for
Copenhagen and arrived at Kirkwall
Novembe' 10 and was tak'3n then to
Shields November 30, also is still be
ing held. The Fridland also is load
ed with packers' products.
SENT TO CONFFtENCE.
House Refuses Two of Senate Amend
ments to Immigration Bill
The im'migration bill was sent to
confer' ,:e late Thursday by the
House, after it had registered its dis
approval of Senate amendments bar
ring "members of the African or
black race" and exempting agricul
tural immigrants from Belgium from
the literacy test and the contract im
Both these amendments caused
protracted debates. Most SouthernI
members favored retention of the ne
gro amendment, but others suggested
that to press it might mean final de
feat of the entire bill. Northern rep
resentatives generally opposed the
provision. After an extended debate
a roll call showed a vote of 252 to 75
that upon the resignation of the Hon.
Cole L. Blease, as governor of the
state of South Carolina. I went before
the supreme court and upon motion
of Assistant Attorney Fred H. Domi
nick took the oath of office as gov
ernor. Very respectfully,
"Charles A. Smith,
This message was also received in
the Senate. In the House it was
roundly applauded. John J. McMa
han of Richland county moved that a
committee be appointed to confer
with the governor and learn his wish
in regard to a more formal Inaugura
tion before a joint assembly of the
two houses. This~jmotion was carrned
unanimously. The following mem
bers were appointed: John J. McMa
han, Joseph W. McCollough and H.
Italy Wants 10,000 Horses.
Italian army officers are at St.
Louis looking to the purchase of ten
thousand horses for the use of their
Wounded Reach Soathapson.
Over one thousand wounded sol
lers *rrive on most days at !outh
MANY SHIPS TO 00
SECRETARY DANIELS ANNOUNCES
PLAN fOR POSITION
TO ASSEMBLE AT CANAL
Armada Will Not Gather at Hampton
Roads, But Will Go Direct to San
Francisco From Eastern Entrance
of Canal-First Vessel to Pass
Through on February 26.
The proposed international naval
rendezvous at Hampton Roads has
been abandoned, according to plans
announced Wednesday night by Sec
retary Daniels for the cruise of the
Atlantic fleet and visiting foreign war
craft to San Francisco, in 'celebration
of the Panama canal opening.
Instead, the program provides that
the ships shall proceed directly to
Cristobal, at the eastern entrance to
the canal, to be passed through at
stated intervals. Consent of congress
must be obtained for the change, as
the law authorizing the cruise set
forth that the United States should
invite the maritime nations of the
world to send vessels to Hampton
Roads for the event.
Secretary Daniels said, however, he
had no doubt the necessary legisla
tion would be enacted at once. He
pointed out that the war had made
impossible a rendezvous of the inter
national character contemplated by
congress, and that the isthmus would
be a more convenient gathering place
for the American fleet and the few
Isiting vessels that would participate.
Only Spain, :Portugal, Argentina and
Cuba so far have indicated their in
tention of sending ships.
The program has been .worked out
in the confident belief that passage
through the canal will be possible, al-I
though Gov. .Goethals has given no
tice that he can not guarantee it on
account of recent slides. February
26 is fixed as the date for passage of
the vanguard of the Atlantic fleet.
Other vessels will go through day by
day until March 10, when President
Wilson Is due to arrive on the battle
ship New York and transfer to the
old Oregon for the trip through the
All the plans have been framed
particularly with a view to Interfer
ing as little as possible with the win
ter manoeuvres and drills of the At
lantic fleet. Two weeks will be saved
by changing the place of rendezvous.
Mayor Mayo and a delegation of
Norfolk citizens, accompanied by Sen
ator Swanson, talked over the change
of plans with Secretary Daniels. The
delegation protested, but after the in
terviekv said they were content with
the department's decision.
Secretary Daniels promised them
that a grand review would be held in
Hampton Roads after the Atlantic
fleet's return from Pacific waters,
and that the foreign vessels that par
ticipate in the opening of the San
Francisco exposition would be invited
to come to Hampton Roads for that,
Under the revised plan there will
be a gathering of only five ships in
Hampton Roads before the cruise.
These will be American battleships
sent to receive President Wilson
when he arrives there from Washing
ton to take ship for Cristobal.
Secretary Daniels announced the
following program for preliminary
operations and the cruise to San
The following named foreign ves
sels are expected to take part in the
celebration incident to the opening of
"Argentina will send the battleship
Moreno, flying the flag of Vice Ad.
miral Onofre Betbeder; Cuba will
send the cruiser Cuba; Portugal will
send the cruiser Almirante Reis, and
the dispatch boat Cinco de Outubro;
Spain will send the battleship Espana.
Vice Admiral Don Ramon 1Cstrads
Catoiva has been appointed by the
Spanish government as its naval rep
"The battleships of the Atlantic
fleet and destroyer flotilla will pro
ceed to Guatanamo and Guacanayabo
Bay, Cuba, January 17, for extended
fleet exercises and target practices,
seventeen battleships participating in
the manoeuvers. The Georgia. Texas,
South Carolina and Minnesota will
remain at their home yards undergo
ing an overhauling until February 15.
These vessels will proceed to South
ern waters the latter part of Feb
"The Texas will remain at Hamp
ton Roads to escort the president to
Panama in the New York, the New
York proceeding to Hampton Roads
from Cuban waters about February
15, prepared to receive the president
on March ..
"It is intended that the Washing
ton relieve the Delaware in Mexican
waters as soon as practicable, and
that the Delaware and Rhode Island
will join the fleet in Cuban waters.
The Rhode Island has been ordered
from New Orleans to Norfolk for
docking, and on the completion of
docking, about January 22, will pro
to Guantanamo to join the fleet.
"The battleships and the destroyers
of the active flotila (about,. twenty
three) will remain in Cuban waters,
carrying on drills and exercises until
February 25, and then will proceed to
Panama, alltwenty-one battles'hips
going through the canal to San Fran
"The schedule of movements from
Guaitanamo February 25 Is in gen
eral as follows, subject to such
changes as may be necessary:
"February 22-Vestal, Yankton,
Solace and tugs at Colon; proceed to
Gatun Lake, coal, and proceed to Pan
"February 28-Fleet flagship, first
and second divisions, arrIve at Colon;
proceed to Gat n Lake. coal, thence
to Lanama, arriving March 2-3.
"March 3-Third and fourth divi
sions arrive Colon and follow first and
second divisions through canal, arriv
ing Panama March 5-6.
"March 4-8-ForeIgn men-of-war
arrive Colon and pass through canal.
coaling at Katun Lake from colliers.
"March 5-President leaves Hamp
ton Roads on New York; Texas as
"March 8-Celtic arrives Colon,
coal at Gatun Lak > and arrives Pan
ama March lb.
"March 10-New York and Texas
arrive Colon, proceed to Gatun Lake,
coal, oil and go to Panama. (Presi
dent transfers to the Oregon and
goes through the canal)
" d 10.-Fntiui 6
WIN AND LOSE IN EAST
RUSSIANS WIN IN PRUSSIA; GER
MANS IN POLAND.
Turkey Creates Considerable interest
by Capturing Tabriz-Egyptian In
Battles, large and small, all having
an important bearing on the situa
tion, are raging at widely separated
points in Europe and Asia.
Petrograd reports: "The past few
days have seen a recurrence of furi
ous fighting in Russian Poland, re
sulting in gains and losses for both
"The Russian forces in the north,
which are pushing toward East Prus
sia, in the region near Mawa,- have
captured a number of villages.
"In the centre the Germans have
made four violent attacks- within the
last 48 hours. They forced back the
Russians and occupied considerable
"Important bodies of Russian
troops have pushed northward from
Warsaw in the movement -toward the
western end of the East Prussian
frontier. They have reoccupied sev
eral villages between Mlawa and
Przsasnysz hitherto held by the Ger
"In the centre of the Junction of
the Bzura and Rawka rivers where
fighting has continued for more than
a month the GermaLs have begun a
new'virogon-s movement. Their activ
ity centers along a line east of Soc
haczew and Skierniewice. There they
have made four distipct efforts to ad
vance during the last two days. After
a furious artillery action the Ger
mans occupied the distri~t northeast
of Bolimow, including Binskupi and
"On various portions of our Aus-[
trian front the 'enemy tried to can
nonade our position with heavy guns,
but the efficient fire of our batteries
soon silenced'the Austrian artillery."
London reports: "The Turks, who
have occupied the Persian 'town of
Tabriz, which Is a Russian sphere of
iniluence, are battling with the Rus
sians in the Caucasus and are report
ed to be making preparations to in
"The Turks, according to a Cairo
dispatch, have decided at last to at
tempt an invasion of Egypt.
"In London little credence is given
this report. It is not believed pos
sible that troops can cross the desert
east of the Suez canal, and even if
they conquered the waterless waste
they would be so exhausted that the
British forces in Egypt, It Is confi
dently believed, could easily repel
Constantipople reports via Amster
dam: "Assisted by Persian troops
our army is -steadily advancing in
Azerbaijan province, Persia, in order
to delive' the country from the Rus
"We have had further notable suc
cess, occupying advanced positions of
the Russians in the vicinity of Tabriz.
"A number df tribesmen of the
British army of occupation h2i Egypt
have surrendered to, our vanguard."
London reports that Tabriz is a
city of 200,000 population apparently
was taken without fighting. In view
of the fact that the small Russian
garrison maintained in Tabriz in
times of peace had been withdrawn,
It Is believed that the sufferers by
the occupation, If any, are the Armen
ans whom the Kurds, constituting
the Turkish advance, guard, are al
ways ready to attack.
'Latest dispatches from- Petrograd
say that the Turkish invasion of Per
sia continues and that the Turks are
penetrating farther Into the country.
I'he Russians still. claim to hold the
upper hand in the fighting In the Cau
asus, In the vicinity of Kara-Urgan,
but the lack of details suggests that
the battle which has ncw been in
progress for seven days, has not yet
resulted decisively for either side.
Bryan Asknowledges British Prelim
inary Reply -and Waits.
In a note delivered Thursday by
Ambassador Page, at London, Secre
tary Bryan acknowledged receipt of
Great 'Britain's preliminary reply to
the American protest against British
interference with neutal commerce.
He expressed appreciation of the
friendly spirit In which the protest'
had been received, and noted with
satisfaction that principles of inter
natonal law set forth In It had been
Further comment, Mr. Bryan said,
would be Immature at this time in
view of the in'ention of the British
government to reply in detail,
"March 12-The Oregon, Olympia,
Yankton and Celtic proceed to San
"March 13-The president on the
New York, accompanied by the Texas
and one division of destroyers, steams
through the fleet and proc~eds to San
Diego. The fleet flotilla and auxili
aries steam to San Francisco. For
eign vessels proceed Independently.
"March 24-The president,, New
York, Texas, and one division of de
stroyers and the Pacific fleet will ar
rive at San Francisco. The president
will steam through the fleet.
"There can, of course, be no parade
of the fleet as a whole through the
canal. This would result in conges
tion In Colon and In the canal, with
serious delay. s-.
"The Oregon and Olympia will take
part, to be in Colon prior to March
5, filled with coal and ready to pro
"Besides the twenty-one battle
ships of the Atlantic fleet, all vessels
of the Atlantic torpedo flotilla, In
cluding the Birminigham, Dixie and
Arethusa, will accompany the fleet to
San Francisco. The reserve torpedo
fotilla, Atlantic fleet, will not pro
ceed to San Francisco. The auxili
aries accompanying t he battleship
feet will be the Vestal, Celtic, Yank
ton, Solace, Sonoma, Ontario, Pat
apsco, Patuxent and the colliers Cy
clops, Orion, Neptune, Jupiter and
Needed Coal to Move.
Gov. Maytorena, across the border
from Naco, says he is willing to move
his troops but has no coal. Gen.
Clies, his opponent, has offered to
furnish the coal.
Frane Loses Dreadnought.
JerliR reperte that the F'rench
dreadnohght Ceurber was hit by the
DEAD REACH 25,0oo
MANY ITALIANS BURIED UNDER
DESTROYS CENTRAL ITALY
Towns Are Devastated-People
Caught Under Falling Roofs Are
Buried Alive-Out of Twelve Thou
sand at Aveszano Only One Hun
dred Are Now Remaining Alive.
Central Italy has been devastated
by an earthquake which shocked the
country Wednesday. According to the
Rome Tribune, it is estimated that
victims from earthquak- number be
tween 23,000 and 25,000.
A ispatch from Rome says: "In
the Mars1, the region around Lake
Fucino, at Avezzano, there are 20,
000 victims of the earthquake. Dep
uty Sipari, who represents Avezzano
in the chamber of deputies, has ask
ed for 25,000 soldiers and material
for huts. Fifteen other towns in the
Marsi have -been destroyed and oth
ers damaged. Of the 12,000 inhabi
tants of Avezzano only 100 survive."
It is officially announced that the
centre of the earthquake was be
tween Campobasso and Sarno, and
that it was felt strongly at Peragia
and slightly-as far north as Ferrera.
The shock was the strongest ever
felt here. It lasted several seconds.
People everywhere rushed from their
houses in terror. Many buildings
At the Meteorological Institute it
is said that buildings continued to
rock or tremble for about thirty sec
onds after the shock had ceased and
that the duration of phenomenon al
together was about one minute. It
was stated th-i it was not believed
that the disturbance extended to Sic
As the day wore on and details be
gan to arrive in the capital, it was
apparent that the disturbance in the
neighborhood of Rome and in the
province of Abruzzi had been greater
than was at first believed and that it
also had been felt severely in and
At MonterotondQ three persons
were killed and two wounded; at
Zagarolo the dome of a church fell;
at Galiano part of the cathedral was
wrecked; at Veroli two persons were
killed and two injured; at Tivoli one
person was killed; at -Pereto five
houses collapsed; at Poggio Nativo
one person was killed and several
Up to a late hour it had been
found impossible to communicate
with the ancient fortified city of
Avuilla in the Abruzzi, owing to the
nterruption of the telegraph service.
It was reported that several villages
were destroyed in that vicinity.
At Torre Cajetani, about thirty
seven miles east of Rome, the village
was almost entirely destroyed. At
Arnara the municipal building col
The town of Avezzano was virtual
ly destroyed, the dead there being
estimated at 8,000. One thousand
persons escaped from the ruins, but
most of them were injured.
At the capitol two magnificent can
lesticks were broken. At the Pal
izzo del Drago, where Thomas 'Nel
son Page, the American ambassador,
ives, several existing cracks in the
uilding opened wider and plaster fell
n several of the rooms. The glass
was broken in the embassy office.
In Avezzano and vicinity, It is esti
ated that fifteen thousand perish
d and that the dead in Sora will
-So far as known about twenty
owns have been completely levelled,
while an almost equal number suffer
d serious damage. In all these places
ersons were killed or injured.
Volunteers worked heroically all
ay endeavoring to extricate or res
ce the dead from the ruins. King
Victor Emmanuel himself directed
he work at Avezzano, where the pit.
ous appeals of persons caught be
eath wreckage could be plainly
It is estimated that in Avezzano
,000 persons are buried alive, some
f them school children in an Institu
tion which collapsed.
Only four soldiers of the garrison
f four hundred in Avezzano escaped
when the barracks fell.
Sora, with its population of twenty
stroyed. All munition and govern-.
ment authorities perished. Four hun
red and fifty bodies already have
een taken from the ruins there and
a large number of injured are under
Trains arriving'from the east are
bringing hundreds of injured into
Rome, where they are being taken to
ospitals and private houses for treat
ment. Surgeons and nurses are be
ing dispatched from all directions in
to the stricken districts to minister
to the needs of the injured, while
troops are being sent to the ruined
r damaged t'owns to guard against
At Avezzano those who escaped the
:estruction caused by the earthquake
went heroically to work to rescue
those penned under the fallen wadls.
Nearly all the civic officials of
Avezzano and parish priests, monks
and nuns perished. The college, with
more than a hundred girl students.
collapsed. The governor of prison
ers, jailers and doctors and patients
in the hospitals were carried down in
Tne only notable person who sur
vived was the head of the police, Sig
nor Ottavi, who, though wounded.
has labored since the first overthrow
to succor the injured.
Desperate appeals for help are
heard on all sides from under the
wrecked buildings, but the efforts of
Ottavi and the few hundred survivors
have availed but little, for they lack
ed implements with whi h to effect a
general rescue. But about fifty per
sns, all of them wounded. were
taken out with great difficulty. They
lay without shelter and without their
wounds being dressed, owing to a
lack of medical supplies.
Later doctors arrived and operat
ed on some of the Injured by the light
of blazing torches. They then were
removed to the station, where they
were made as comfortable as pos
sible in trucks.
Assistant came at last from Arsoli
and Aquilla and la~rge rescuing par
ties arrived from Rome and Pescare.
A tiur o! the inwns and villages
SHOULD BE RECOGNIZE
TILIMAN SAYS MILITIA SHOUI
Senior Senator Talks of Governor
Blease's Action in Disbanding Com
panies of the State.
In discussing the military muddl
which Gov. Blease has crqated, Sena
tor Tillman said Wednesday: "I
think it an opportune time for Gov
Manning to co-oprate with the Unit
ed States authorities and have -the
militia take an entirely new start and
be thoroughly reorganized.
"The State is now charged with a
good many thousands of dollars
worth of minitions and arms that are
lost and can never be recovered, of
every imaginable sort of quartermas
ter's supplies too numerous to men
tion, as well as obsolute ordhance
and ordnance stores. I believe the
war department will be entirely
friendly toward the proposed reor
ganization and in starting a new
"In a communication :from the. sec
retary of war to Gov. Blease, dated
July 6, 1914, Secretary Garrison said:
'It is hoped that the state will take
early and effective steps to settle the
above mentioned prop rty questions,
to generally reorganize the militia in
a manner that will assure an effective
and stable force, to provide in the
future for prompt compliance with
the federal laws for the government
of the organized militia and to pro
vide for the safekeeping and account
ability of government supplies loaned
to the militia of the state.'
"The state, however, must do its
share, and the legislature and Gov.
Manning should see to this. Gov.
Blease's action, instead of . being
harmful, as he, no doubt, intended it
to be, will result In great good to the
state's military establishment.
"In the snme letter above quoted
from, Secretary Garrison said: 'When
the organized militia of South Caro
lina is placed on a satisfactory basis
the war department will consider the
withdrawal of 'he restrictions of
which you are informed in this com
munication, and which are ~effective
on and after this date.' Mr. Garri
son's letter is on file in the executive
office in Columbia, no doubt, and
Gov. Manning can#read it and find out
the exact status from the war de
"In starting a new slate, which
will be necessary after the war de
partment has received and receipted
for such arms and stores as are turn
d in, Gov. Manning can feel the sat
isfactIon of having accomplished
something for the state, without in
:urring the odium of unpopularity
which would come had be inaugurat
"In my judgment, the legislature,
[f it is wise, will provide for the thor
ugh reorganization of the militia
md put it on a more efficient basis
than it now is. The war scare which
the European situation has produced,
md clamor for 'preparedness' to meet
L, possible invasion, has shown the
ecessity to me of the different states
aving a thorough overhauling of
their military establishments."
ouse Measure Calls for Two Battle
ships and 17 Submarines.
Provision for construction of two
great dreadnoughts, six torpedo boat
:iestroyers, 16$ coast defense subma
rines, a sea-going submarine, a hos
pital ship, a transport and a fuel
ship at an aggregate cost of $53,168,
828 Is made in the naval appropria
ion bill agreed on Wednesday by the
Eouse naval committee. All told the
bill carries $145,500,00, of which
$22,983,988 is for new construction.
The program proposed the building
Two battleships at not more than
$7,800,000 each, exclusive of armor
Six torpedo boat destroyers at not
more than 925,000 each, exclusive of
One sea-going submarine at not
more than $1,400,000, exclusive of
Sixteen submarines at .not more
than $550,000 each.
One hospital ship at not more than
One transport . at not more than
TURNS IT DOWN.
iational House Refuses to Submit
Woman Suffrage Amendment.
The House of Representatives
Iuesday night by a vote of 204 to 174
refused to submit to the states an
mendment to the federal constitu
ion to enfranchise women. A two
thirds majority would have been nec
ssary for ndoption of the resolution
submitting the amendment.
Hndreds of women who sat In the
rowded galleries throughout the
eight hours of debate, greeted the
ennouncement of the result with va
ried expressions of approval and dis
epproval. Dejection mingled with
nthusiasm as the purple and yellow
sashes of the suffragists and the red
rose-bedecked anti-suffragists filed
mut into the House corridors, wearied
with the long strain of oratory.
FRENCH ARE STARVING.
[nhabitants of the Valley of Meuse
Are Dying for Food.
Herbert C. Hoover, chairman of tile
American commission of the Ameri
can Commission for Belgian Relief,
returned to London from a tour of in
spection in Belgium and issued this
"An appalling situation has been
presen dtetNthe5S-etaoin etaoin etaoi
presented to the commission with re
gard to the French peasantry in the
Valley of the Meuse, where there are
10,000 persons absolutely without
food. Our investigation there show
ed a large number of deaths already
Masked Men Rob Bank.
Three masked men robbed the
Bank of Terloon, Okla., of $33,000
and n an exchange of shots with a
posse Tuesday killed a deputy.
Norwegian Steamer Hits Mine.
The small Norwegian steamer Cac
tar has been sunk by a North Sea
mine. AlU save one of th-s crew were
Eighty Plead Guilty.
Eighty of the 114 convIcted in In
dianapolis, Ind., with bribery In th~e
mie e~etions have Dled g'uilty,
GERMAN ADVANT E AT
NEAREST CAPIT C
VON RUCK LEIASP
to Earlier Days of the W
Says Result Will be Local n
-Caused by Diffeult
Paris reports Wednesday **4
ortheast of Soissons our
has progressed slightly betweewr.
and Crouy. However, we were
to debouch from~Crony.
"Our troops, subject to 1
attack to the east of this iac
yielded slightly near the
Monce, but Which -they are
cupying. They are holding -
Marguerite and y
"On the Aisne, to the -
Soissons, the fighting around
132' continued with great.
during all the day of Januaryl -
Germans brought verycns
forces into this engagement.
maintained our position ont
of the hill to the west
To the east ou troos wo
to give up toe o^'
here continues." . - ".
London reports: "Tike t
ly- cohtested battles Ii the
of the war on which - th.
man occupation of westFla n
struggle for the knoll of
east of Soissons, known as .'Spwr
remained undecidfed. e
however, by their counter
pear to bein better positio
of the Spur.
"In view of the relativ6ls*
amount of ground galnedfthe I
have been heavy -on-both.sides
the Germans show no signs
up their attempts totakethe
is Aid-Gen. von Kiuck Mu ltise
in command of the German o
which would seem to lift the'b
out of the ordinary run, of
along the western front."
- Berlin reports Wednesd
western theatre of war-fierce
duels took place In the n
of Nieuport. They resultedAnth
acuation of the enemy's Arm
Palinsburga, 4 suburb of Nleud
"French attacks at
the hill of Touvorn were re
Yesterday's unsuccessful attackis
the hills near Crony were fol
by a German counterattack, w
ended in the complete defeat of
French and clearing of the."
northeast of Bussy and- north'
Crony. Our troops took poesicn
two French positions and and
ed 1,700 prisoners, four cannon
several marbine guns."
Paris reports Thursday: 'Last
ur troops were succesfullIn a
attack, with the obiect ofoverw
ing the trenches recently co
by the Germans to the northreis.!!
Foukuescort, north of Roy. (
ment of the Somme.) -
"The attacks of the enemy i',
region to the north of Soissons
"As has been said in the
cation of this morning, the l
of the river Aisne, which destre
several of our bridges, had rende
very precarious the communicto
of our troops operatin'g'on thedi
slopes of the rfght bank. We . Wti
thus prevented from sending themt
Inforcements. This has been theW
sential cause of the withdrawaIY
those troops, which were fghtingy -
der difficult conditions.
"We were obliged to aliandon>if
eral cannon as the result of
~breaking down of a bridge. We3bE
rendered all of them utfit for un.
"The Germans have madeprss
ers, particulary of wounded men, e
in the withdrnwal movement, we G
not .able to take with us." -On o'
side we have made a number of,
portant prisoners, not wounded,4
longing tg seven different rgmn
"To sum up the success is a pe
one for our adversaries, which
have no influence on operations as
whole. In fact, by reason of threo
eles presented by the Aisne an~
dispositions which-we have taken,
enemy will be unable to utltfr.i
the south of, the river the suce
which is of purely local char'acter.
Berlin reports Thursday: "In -E
western theatre of the war, InN
dunes near Nieuport and southwe
of Ypres, artillery combata are egon
on. The enemy directed an extreme
ly strong fire on Westende, wihic
they soon will have -entirelydeto
ed. Their torpedo boats disappeare.
quickly as soon as they received oe
"In continuation of their activiti
northeast of Soissons, our troog
again made an attack on the heighb
of Vregny and cleared this elevae
plain of the enemy. In a pouring
rain and deeply sodden clay- treng
after trench was taken by -storm n
til after dark and .the enemy was
driven back to the border of the elet
ated plain. Fourteen French offier
and 1,130 men were taken pios
and 'four cannon, four machine gm
and a searchlight captured.-a bri
lat feat for our troops under the
very eyes of their uppermost w
."Northeast of the camp of Shalo
the French attacked again and again
in the morning and afternoonwi
strong forces, to the east of :Perthg
They penetrated at certain places ou
trenches but were repulsed -by eneh.
getic counter-attacks and driven
back with heavy losses into their OWn
positions, leavIng 160 prisoners in our
"The total results of the Oghts
January 12 and 13 northeast 'of Sola
sons were 3,150 .prisoners, -e
heavy guns, one revolver g, si
machine guns and much war mat-'
Gives Up His Office.
Count Berchtold, the Austrii.
prime minister, who dispa.tchedth
government's ultimatum to Servla
has resigned. Baron Rajees, a Hn
garian, succeeds him to his office.
Hlndenberg to Go to the Wes?
London reports an Amsterdam di
patch that in response to Pppu
ciamor the German governm"'nt w
transfer von Hindenberg to. the V
in the early spring. .
India Sent 200,000 Men
According to news from-Egln
India has contributed nearly 300,0
men to the service of Great Dzl
e st n the continent