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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, March 31, 1915, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1915-03-31/ed-1/seq-1/

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Landon Reports Flurry in Turkish 1
eles-Dardanelles Forts Fived a
Upon by Qeen Eizabeth and Aga- F
mmnon-Fall of Przemysl Pro
duces War Fever In Roumania.
The Associated Press summarizes a
the war situation Friday afternoon v
as follows. Friday's dispatches tol- fj
low the summary: ' e
Attempts to arrange a settlement
of the differences between Italy and
Austria apparently have failed. A r
Rome newspaper says Prince von 7
Beulow, German ambassador at
Rome, has abandoned his efforts for h
an agreement. Austria's final offer o
of territorial concessions is said to
have been so far from meeting Italy's a
demands that the German ambassa
dor did not submit it to the Italian
In the Balkans there are increas- C
Ing signs of unrest. A Bucharest dis
patch says the fall of Przemysl has
Increased the popular demand in Rou
mania for intervention on the side of U
the allies. The relations between ti
Turkey and Bulgaria also have be- tl
come uncertain. Field Marshal von fx
de" Goltz has left Constantinople for
Sofa and Gen. von Sanders has gone ti
t' Adrianople. near which defenses ei
are being erected to guard against a tl
possible attack by Bulgaria. * ti
Although severe weather continues it
at the Dardanelles efforts to clear the m
straits of mines continue. Turkish tc
forts tred on mine sweepers Wednes
day. but ceased the attack after two ft
British battleships opened on them. C<
Nd confirmation has come from re
Austrian sources of the Russian claim e
to a great victory in the Carpathians. m
According to the Petrograd announce- 01
ment the Russian forces have definite- in
ly obtained the advatage in the battle m
whfeh has been going on for several 01
weets. cl
Rome reports via Paris on Friday fa
.that efforts of Prince von Buelow,
the German ambassador, to-r.:.d an m
agreement between Italy and Aust- T1
tria. regarding the cession of terri- b3
tory, have definitely failed, according in
to the Agenzi Nationale. The paper is
says it is Informed that when the last or
courter from Vienna brought to the s,
ambassador Austria's final terms, tb
they were of such a nature that he th
did not consider it worth while to Sl
submit them to the Italian foreign
office. It is reported he then resign- til
ed. the role of mediator. so
Paris reports Friday that the fall m
o Przemysl has caused a sensation ,
in Bucharest and resulted in increas- fo
ed popular clamor that Roumania en
ter the war on the side of the allies,
ecording -to dispatch from the cor
respondent of the Petit Parisien. ,
London reports Friday that the Ex- be
ehange Telegraph company has re- th
eelved a dispatch from Athens sayIng ta
that Field Marshal von. der Goltz, U2
who has been in Constantinople for ri,
some few months past representing hi
German military interests. has left cr
the Turkish capital for Sofia, Bul
1ganria. At the same tim, Gen. Liman-g
von Sanders, the commander of Turk- Ibe
Ish forces in Europe. has left Con
stantinople for Adrianople. bI
Field Marshal von der Goltz was Ib
the first military governor of Bel
gium. 'He was sent to Constantinople
from Belgium late In 1914 to avs~b
In the conduct of Turkish campaigns
Glen. von Sanders has been Identified a
with the Tur'kish army for several
The departtire of these two officers
from Constantinople. one for Sofia.
the canital of Bulgaria. and the other
* for Adrianople. the second most in-b
portant city In European Turkey. and t
.not far from the; Bulgarian frontier.
apparently indicates some sudden de- ~
velopment In the Balkan situation, h
which Is causing Turkey concern. I
An Athens dispatch dated March
24 -sid, the Turks were- fortifying P
Lule Burgas, 45 mIles southeast of i
* Adrianople and other places in the l
f ear of a possible attack by Bulgaria.R
* A Turkish army at Lule Burgas is s
being trained by German officers.s
London reports that the Evening IX
Chronicle published a disnatch from t
Bucharest. Roumania, saying Turkey
recently decided to surrender Con
stantinople and the Dardatielles -to a
the attacking fleet. The surrender 9"
was all but arranged. The Chronicle
nays, when at the last moment It was I
blocked by Germany. t
"The peace party forced a vote at
arecent cabinet meeting to send
emissaries, one of whom was the ce
American ambassador. Henry Mor- PC
ganthau, to the Dzardanelles to nego- ct
tiate with the commander of the al
lied fleet for the surrender of the
straits and of Constantinople." says
the Chronicle. "Just as everything
seemed settled the German general.
Iman von Sanders. heard of the
plan sud ninped it with the threat of
*court ma.,rtial for all concerned."
London renorts Friday that the1 wl
Brit-ish battleships Queen Elizabeth T1
and Agamemnon and the cruiser b
Cornwall entered the Dardane'les. at
straits Wednesday night to protect its
mine sweepers, according to a Router of
dispatch from the Tsland of Tenedos. by
At 10 o'clock Turkish artillery at
Erenkul fired five shells anid the forts g
at Kid Bahr also fired. The Briltish la
vessel reulled with twenty. To this m
the Turks made no reply mnorfmid- H
the Turks made no reply from mid- 01
night until morning the mine sweep
ers continued their work without dis- f
turbance, the correspondent says and f
with story satisfactory results. c
London reports Friday that as was
predicted by military observers since m
the fall of Przemysi. Russia now is 1a
directing her chief offensive against h
the Austrian front on the Carpa-1 1
thians. In the north between the Nie-b
men and the Vistula. Russian forces
are making little effort to advance.
evidently being content to hold Field
Marshal von Hindenberg in check.
Desperate fighting Is taking nlace in
the Carpathians where the Russians
are thrusting back the Austrians
along the Dukla and Nzsok line
Unofficial renorts via Bucharest
credit Russia with a great victory at
Uzsok. while Petrograd officially
claims an lmnortart success In the C
capture of fortified positions near the tl
Luokow pass. These formidable po
sitions were taken by storm. the Aus
trians losing machine guns and more
than 5.000 prisoners.
Unofficial reports also credit the
Rus'sIan aryny with f'irther successes ia
In Bukowins. Vienna admits the im- s
portance of the Russian offensive in b
the mountn npanes but declares the s5
iovernment Tugs and Other Subma.
rines Are Working in Effort to
Raise Sunken Ship.
The government tug Navajo which
ras assisted by another tug in drag
ing the bottom with grappling hooks S
arly Friday reported its line fast at
depth of thirty-five fathoms what
'as' relieved to be the submarine
'-4, which had not been heard from
nce early Thursday when she was
bmerged during target practice.
Other vessels of the submarine
eet stationed at Honolglu immedi
tely left the harbor to dive and in
stigate. PendiDg their return the fi
tte of the twenty -five men who form- P
I the complement of F-4, still was a
atter of conjecture.
Washington believes if the subma- it
ne F-4 is sunk in 35 fathoms of h
ater-210 feet-as Honolulu dis- t
itches report, naval officers have no r
ope whatever that any of her crevr a
25 is alive, at such a depth they R
y the submarine must be crushed B
d full of water.
The navy department Friday re- w
ived this dispatch from Commander
harles E. Smith, commanding the .
rst submarine division of the Pacd
fleet, off Honolulu: cc
"F-4 left tender at 9 a. m. for sub- ai
erged run March 25. Failed to re- p(
irn to surface, entrance of harbor in tb
Lirty fathoms of water covered with si
Lel oil. Diving and dragging." to
Commander Smith's statement of ei
te entrance of the harbor being cov- m
ed with oil created grave alarm at in
Le navy department. It was feared qi
te F-4 had struck a rock, although
was pointed out that Lieut. Ede gi
ight have blown out tie vessel's oil al
lighten her burden. .t
The alarm of the officials were still h(
rther increased by the omission In ax
ammander Smith's report of any
fernce to aside from the submerg- c
I craft. She was equipped with a tr
arker buoy attached to the outside w
the submarine and capable of be
g released from within. As no re
ention was made of the appearance fo
the marker buoy, officials con- w:
uded it has not come to the sur- so
ce. th
The usual diving radius of a sub- in
arine is between 150 and 200. feet. OC
e world's record for diving, made w]
r the F-1, a sist .r ship of the F-4, b3
San Francisco Bay two years ago, PC
283 feet, but she remained there th
ly ten minutes and cruised at a ad
eed of six knots. At that depth th
e hull creaked and groaned under CO
e tremendous pressure and water In
reeped through the se.ms. al
Commander Smith's e.ispatch men- nE
ming the thirty fathoms depth gave en
me hope that the F-4 might not be ca
ore than 180 feet in the water in to:
lich case there must be a chance w,
r the rescue of her crew, if the
ark were done promptly. cr
Up-to the present the United States in
vy has been particultrly fortunate
th its submarines. Not a life has ed
en lost in their operations, al- pr
ough some of the craft have sus- tl(
ied minor accidents. European th
Lvies, however, have had several se- ch
us accidents in which submarines 1v1
Lve gone to the bottom with their at
ews and never have been recovered. co
~rce attacks on these positions have ni
en repuTsed. ha
Politically, no decisive move has n
en made to increase the number of t
e combatants, but it is freely ru- re
ored that the mission at Rome of
-ince von Buelow, the German am- fa
.sador, has failed completely and
Snegotiations between Austria and
sly have been suspended. Rou-le
ania, impressed by the fall of!e
'zemysl, is said to be contemplating Fi
imediate action on the side of the Ja
t is believed that the Russians, by hil
inging up new forces, may have of
red the Austrian right wing and de
ached the Sereth River, getting be- W
nd the Austrian army now onerat- ci
g in the vicinity of Czernowitz.
Big events at Uzsok pass were ex
eted, as'both RussL.n and Austrian ad
cial reports spoke of heavy fight-al
g there, and with the troops re- de
sed by the fall of Przemysl the an
issans might be able to dispatch ~
rong reiliforcements quickly to this en
The Russians also have resumed R
e offensive in the region of the so
lica River, southern Poland, and, iu
cording to Petrograd, have taken qU
Simportant German position: while er
the north heavy fighting again IsI
progress along the East Prussian jth
nter, despite the condition of the
Cn the western front. although a jre
rtain liveliness is exhibited at some ti
nts, no important acticn has oc- r
rred. r
ter Being Lost for Twelve Hours is
Located Under 120 Fathoms. a
The American submarine F-4.
ich was submerged at 9:15 a. m. of
ursday two miles off Honolulu bar- de
r, had not reappeared at nightfall ha
d grave fears were expressed for I
safety. The F-4 carries a crew
twenty-five men and is commanded T
Lieut Alfred L. Ede. ar
Three other submarines of the "F'' an
'oup, the naval tug Nav::.o and ba
unches were scouring the ocean for
Ies about the harbor entrance of in
nolulu Thursday night in search m
the missing vessel. .ot
Naval officials said they were hope- th
I that no serious mishan had be- co
len the F-4, but they admitt'ed that en
reumstances of the craft's prolong- to
disappearance gave rise to much fa
nreension- to
Later It was reported that the F-4 en
Ld been located, lying at a depth of
0 fathoms. No signal nells had m
in heard from the submerged craft H
id this fact led to fears that the ru
ibmarine's tanks had burst. suffo
ting the crew with sulphuric acid y
imes. Attempts to bring the vessel E,
the surface with grappling hooks be
Woman Shot at Spy. oc
Margaret Schmitt, a French woman ki
ntenced to death as a sny by a vi
>urt martial, was shot Thursday at tli
uneille. France. after the troons of ax
le garrison had been drawn up to
'itness the execution. b
1,800 Plasterers Strike. tI
Eihteen hundred union plasterers
t Chicaro. Ill., Friday went on Ia
nike, declIning to plaster lath laid di
y workmen who took the places of mn
r John French Talks About Allies'
Confidence and the Retreat From
Mons, Incidentally Giving South
Red and Blue Ribbons for Military
Leaders of America.
Frederick Palmer, who is at the
ont in France for the Associated
ress, sends the following dispatch:
"British headquarters in France,
arch 25, via London, 12:31 p. m.
was in the drawing room of the
yuse in which he makes his office
at Field Marshal Sir John French
ceived. the correspondents to-day
id discussed the military situation.
afore the conversation was over, the
ritish commander, answering a
estion concerning the result of the
ar, said:
"'Indeed, there is no doubt of the
itome. I was never so confident of
ctory as I am to-day.'
"On a long table before the British
mmander were a number -of maps
d reports. Otherwise, the man ap
ared completely dissociated from
e details from the different armies
muated in the other offices about the
wn. It was to be observed, how
-er, that the heads of these depart
ants report to Field Marshal French
imediately upon a telephone re
"Looking younger than his photo
aphs make him appear, ready and
rt, Sir JohdT showed no signs of
e strain of the last eight months as
t stood before his open grate fire
.d talked of his campaign.
" 'What were the most important
ntributing factors making your re
mat from Mons secure against over
ielming odds?' Sir John was asked.
" 'The dogged tenacity of our little
gular army which contested every
t of the ground as we fell back,'
ts the answer. 'Not once did our
diers lose heart. They understood
at we were not defeated. but mak
g a strategic retreat before- heavy
ds, and that all the punishment
ich they could inflict on the enemy
cool and stubborn resistance from
int to point was no less valuable to
a ultimate object than if they were
vancing. Their confidence that
air turn to take the offensive would
me remained unshaken. Next in
portance was the work of our cav
-y in its aggressiveness and alert
ss in preventing the cavalry of the
emy from getting around us. Our
valry established a decided super
-ity over that of the enemy, which
.s of vital assistance.
"'And what, to you, was the most
tical moment of all your campaign
France?' was the next question.
"One would not have been surpris
if he had said when his reserves
actically were exhausted in the bat
i of Ypres and Armentieres to save
a channel ports. His answer had
aracteristic promptness and decis
ess: 'On the retreat from Mons,
LeCateau. We were in the open
untry in a very dangerous position,
d the German ambition for the an
ilation of our little army might
ye been realized if our cavalry had
t been equal to its task of covering
a fanks of our steady, disciplined
"Few Americans probably are as
niliar with the campaigns of the
aerican Civil War as is Sir John.
has made a thorough study of
am and from them he has drawn
sons which he has found helpful in
ance. He mentioned "Stonewall"
"'To me Gen. Jackson was more
e Cromwell than any other leader
history,' said the British comman
r. 'A heroic, martial figure whose
nderful career came to the happy
se a soldier desires in the hour of
~tory. I have followed all his
Lrches and battles with unflagging
miration. He had the religious ex
aton of Cromwell, his dash and
termination and his ready strategy
d the genius of inspiring his troops
th his own indomitable spirit of
"'But of all your commanders,
bert E. Lee, in his patience, his re
arce, his poise, l.is soundness of
:gment and his possession of the
alities of high command in all em
rencies, is foremost, in my opinion.'
"'A good deal has been said about
a novel conditions which trench
urfare in this war has developed,'
us the next thing said by the cor
;pondent. 'has it chang'ed the qual
s required of a soldier?'
"'No,' he replied. 'Human nature
mains the same and it is the man
o gives and takes the blows, what
r the nature of his weanons. Cour
e, discipline and tenacity are still
dominant elements of success.'
"'And the guns-it has been ye
atedly stated that this has become
war of artillery.'
" 'I think there has been an Incli
tion to exaggerate the importance
artillery.' Sir John answered. 'No
ubt of the three arms, artilleryI
s increased in relative importance.
may take a dozen shel~ls to get one
n and one bullet will get one man.
.e weapons which decide the day
the rifle and the machine gun.
d the Infantry still Is the queen of
"Sir John was far from depreciat
the fighting qualities of the Ger
ins. 'But they are no greater than
ler soldiers.' he said. 'I attribute
air valor and their well disciplined
heson to the fact that from the
idle they are taught discipline and
worship their emneror and the
herland, and that it is their duty
die for the fatherland when their
iperor commands.'
"'As to the conduct of the Ger
ins, s It as bad as renresented?
ve they consIstently broken the!
les of civilized warfare?'
"For the first time the British com
d er hesitated before spe-iking.
idently as a soldier he wished to
entiely just.
" 'Yes.' he then replied with firm
nviction. 'in many instances their
ndct has been bad. very bad: I
low that it has been. Buit it hasI
red. It has seemed to depend on
e commanders. Tf a commander]
provs of outrages, they occur.'
"'And the French armv; you have
en fighting as its ally for eir-ht
onths: how does it compare with
e German?'
"'The French at the start were
horing under the shadow of their
sostrous defeat in 18S70, which
ight weil have led both the French
d the worlr1 in general to think
Austrians Reported Erecting Number - ChJ
of Defensive Works on Italian
London reports Wednesday: "A,
force of allied troops was landed on. nes
the peninsula of Gallipoli Tuesday clu
from the transports in the Gulf of Chi
Saros, according to a dispatch from Jar
Athens to the Daily Express. the
A general attack upon the fortifica- Jar
tions of the Dardanelles Is to be un- jur
dertaken immediately on the arrival thi!
of further French and British war. fer:
ships now on their way to join the J
attacking squadron. Chi
The last concerted effort against lati
the Dardanelles positions occurred I
six days ago on March 18. This con
day's action resulted in the loss of loa:
three battleships. Reviewing the sit- vol
uation, military experts in London Sot
and elsewhere have expressed freely -
their belief that to penetrate the me
straits the marine forces must be whi
well supported on land. It has been sub
said lately that a strong detachment rail
of French troops was on its way to a t
the Dardanelles. rail
The Gallipoli peninsula is the 'I
northern or European side of the in
Dardanelles. At is head It is not or
more than three or four miles wide; or
If this neck of land were effectivelf gov
held by the allies, Turkish communf- I
cation with the strong positions o4 in-(
the peninsula would be impossible. con
Paris reports Wednesday that the 'I
bombardment of the Turkish fortifif I -Chi
cations in the Dardanelles was re- anc
sumed at 10 o'clock Tuesday morning fecl
by the allied fleet, according to an '
Athens dispatch to the Havas agency. Poil
The warships were accompanied Into ing
the straits by a number of mine chu
sweepers. list
-The effect of the operations around I
the Dardanelles upon neutrals in the gra
Mediterranean is plainly shown in the hav
folloyving dispatches: pro
Geneva reports via Paris Wednes- casi
day: "The Austrian government now clai
considers war with Italy more than 'I
probable, according to dispatches re- nitE
ceived here .from Vienna. A large Art
number of troops have arrived in. the the
Tyrol and Trieste, where defensive istr
works are being constructed. oug
"The Geneva Tribune professes to ed i
have received advices from Austria wit]
to the effect that the dual monarchy froz
might consider the signing of a sep- 'I
arate peace with Russia without con- ceiN
sulting Germany, offering as a con- thai
cession to cede to Russia large por- troc
tions of Galicia." ing
London reports Wednesday that ac- E
cording to the newspapers of Athens, por1
Greece will not indepenently range sou1
herself on the side of the triple en- Chi:
tente, says the correspondent of the the
Exchange Telegraph company. She hai
will take an active part in the war wit]
only conjointly with Bulgaria. Iso- Mo
lated intervention on the part of eith- sho
er Greece or Bulgaria, the correspon- lice
dnet continues, would be regarded in arr(
Athens as ineffective. -. A
British Aviators Drop Bombs on Ger- la
man Submarine Near Antwerp. beei
The British admiralty issued a fore
statement saying a British air raid riva
was carried out successfully on Ger- Max
an s'ubmarines at Hoboken, three may
iles outside of Antwerp. The text hay,
f the admiralty statement was as erni
follows: cree
"The folowing has been received S
rom Wing Commander Longmore: I dier
ave a report that a successful air chu:
ttack was carried out by flye ma- den
hines of the Dunkirk squadron on
he German submarines being con
tructed at Hoboken, .near Antyerp.
"Two of the pilots had to return Dep
wing to thick weather, but Squad-i
on Commander Ivor T. Courtney and .
light Lietuenant H. Rother reached JE!
heir objective and after planning1 honr
own to 1,000 feet dropped four~ can
ombs on the submarines. .and
"It is believed that considerable by:
amage has been done to both the dere
orth and two submarines, two
"The works were observed to be on1 frot
fire. In all, five submarines were ob- pub
erved on the slip. S
"Flight Lieutenant B. .Crossle7 tion
eates was obliged by enginie trouble beet
o descend In Holland. Owing to the: ties,
ist the two pilots experienced con- said
iderable difficulty in finding their salu
ay and they were subjiected to a affa:
eavy gun fire whilst delivering their A
tttacks." killi
Ask Japanese to Explain Entrance of mex
Troops Into China. zilia
At a conference held Thursday at Mar
Peking, China, of Japanese diplo- onlh
natic representatives with Chinese was
statesmen concerning Tokio's de-; day
nands upon the Chinese republic, the1 to
hinese formally inquired as to thej A
eaning of the recent entrance of broi
aanese troops into China. Minister th
ioki replied that these soldiers were i
for the relief of the present Japanese to I
arrisons in China, but that these whi
arrisons would remain where the the
are until the conclusion of the pres- was
ent negotiations. dra!
According to reliable information T
the Japanese have eight divisions in Irepc
hina and Korea. The war strength togi
f a Japanese division Is 18,700, offi- this
ers and men. 4.800 horses and 36 sevE
pieces of artillery. te
that the German military machine hon
as heaven born and irresistible. The
rench already have learned the con- atte
rary and the world soon must if It the
as not. I need not speak of their and
plendid generalship or their courage
n driving the Germans back from the
ane. They have the elan of Napol
eon's time, thanks to the spur of re- Gre:
ewed confidence. Man for man, they
rre better than the Germans to-day
and their army has continually im
proved since the war began. while the th
erman army has deteriorated, th
" 'We have abundant evidence of the
erman deterioration on our own per
front. Their attacks lacked the for- con
en vigor and spirit. Neuve Chap- on
pelle was an important victory. It the'
proved that with a strong push we S
ould put the enemy out of a well ing
fortified position and then hold what fi
we gained. a
" 'One of the gratifying things to gov
us.' the British commander-in-chief Kir'
said In conclusion. 'is how well our
territorials have done, once their loin
period of preparation was over, and not
they had an opportimi'y. I believe deec
they occupy much the same relation furt
to our forces as your national guard
does to yours. They have surpassed
our expectations. As for the Cana- F
dians, I can not pay too high a tri- sior
bute to them.*'" jehal
ia Agrees to Several Articles an
rapan Concedes Points In Origin
ive articles bearing on the Jap:
e demands upon China were ce
led by the Chinese minister, L
mg-Hsiang, and Eki Hiogi, ti
anese minister, at a conference a
Japanese legation Tuesday. TI
anese minister recently was ii
ad by a fall from a horse, and fc
; reason the meeting was tran
red to the legation.
Lil the articles concern Manchuri:
na agreed to the following stip1
'irst. The Japanese government
sent shall be obtained before
i is made with a third power it
ring the pledging of local taxes i
th Manchuria.
econ The Japanese govert
it's consent shall be obtaine
-never permission is granted to
ject of a third power to build
way, or when a loan is made wit
iird power for the building of
way in South Manchuria.
'hird. If the Chinese governme
;outh Manchuria employs adviser
instructors for political, financio
military purposes, the Japanes
ernment shall first be consulte
'ourth. The transfer of the Ki
ihangehun Railway to Japanes
trol for ninety-nine years.
'he fifth article was proposed b
na, and provides for the continu
B of such treaties as are not a:
ed by the present treaty.
'he JapL.nese have conceded th
it of a separate discussion regard
East Mongolia and South Man
ria, which were combined in thel
of demands.
2 the Manchurian group the imm
tion and land ownership clause
e not been settled, but definit
gress has been made. This is tt
also with respect to the minin
he Japanese government has def
ly withdrawn what is known a
le 3 of the fifth group, namely
demand for a joint police admin
ition of "important places" thor
hout China, and also has indical
ts willingness, it is announced,'t
idraw one or two other article
a this so-called general group.
he Chinese government has re
ed advices confirming the repor
six hundred additional Japanes
ps have arrived at Tsinan, mali
a total of about 2,000.
oycotts on Japanese goods are're
:ed from several places in th
:h, where it is considered that th
iese are most likely to get beyon(
government's. control. A Shang
dispatch says there was riotin
kin the foreign settlements ther
day night. Japanese theatres an<
>s were stoned. The foreign pc
were called out and made som
t several recent sessions, it is re
ed, the representatives of Japai
3 argued that Japanese immigra
into Mongolia and Manchuri:
ild not be subjected to Chines
;. This proposal is said to hav
- persistently opposed.
Dine fear is expressed by bot)
gners and Chinese that the ar
1 of additional Japanese troops i
churia and Shan Tung provinc
cause friction, but the Chines
Sbeen warned by the central gov
nent to conduct themselves dis
ix thousand more Japanese sol
s are said to have reached Man
ia, three thousand going to Muk
and three thousand to Dalney.
rtment Dispatches Request ti
Zapata Authorities.
ow the American flag over th,
e of John B. McManus, an Amern
citizen in Mexico City, was "tori
dragged half-way down the pole
apata soldiers when they mur
d McManus and looted his hom
weeks ago is told in dispatche
1 the Brazilian minister, mad
ie Thursday by Secretary Bryan
scretary Bryan said that repara
for the Insult to the flag ha<
tasked from the Zapata authori
but that no reply had come. Ha
there had been no demand for
te to the flag, as in the Tampic<
n expression of regret for th
ng of McManus already has bee1
ived from Gen. Palafox, the Zap
commander, with a promise o
mnity for the family and punish
t for the slayers if apprehendeid
'r. Bryan- explained that the Bra
n minister, in reporting Mc
us' death March 11, mentionei
the fact that the American flai
flying over the house. The nex
he sent a further report ref errinj
the desecration of the flag."
n inquiry from the departmen
ight an explanation on March 11
the American committee whici
stigated the occurrence reporte<
ti that, "following a fusiladinj
:h preceded the general entry o
Zapatistas into the house, the fla;
badly torn by the Zapatistas an4
~ged half way down the pole."
he same committee, the ministe
rted, had submitted to him a pho
aph of the house and flag. Il
connection it became known tha
ral foreign flags had been violat
recently at Manzanillo, amonL
a the American flag over thi
se of an American ranchman.
rhen the matter was called to th,
tion of Gen. Carranza he deniet
truth of the reports of Americal
British consuls.
it Britain Will Not Permit .Con
sul at Kirwall.
London dispatch announces tha
British government has refusel
request of the United States fo
nisson to station an America1
mlar officer at Kirkwall, to rcpor
American cargo ships detaine'
ate department officials at Wash
on expressed surprise when in
ied of the report that Great Brit
had refused the request of thi
rnent to station a consul a
You say refused?" asked Counsel
Lansing. "The department ha
received any notification of suc1
sion." He would not commen
Peace Treaty With Russia.
tificatons of the peace commix
treaty with Russia were ez
wged Mnday.
u Chief Executive Says It Is Possible
Lt for Us to be Impartial - Places
High Value Upon Churches-Ex
cited Ones Who Lose Their Heads
Must Not Rock the Boat.
L- Full confidence in the great body t
I of calm people of the nation, who
a serve as "stabilizers," when the ex
L- citable ones try to "rock the boat" in s
a these perilous days, was voiced I
Thursday night by President Wilson
In an, address before the Baltimore
a conference of the Methodist church, t
a South, in annual session at Washing- t
h ton, D. C. t
a The president appealed to the na- 1
tion for support in administering his
*t office, saying, "If I can speak for you
3 I am powerful, if I can not, I am
L weak." He said it was possible for a
e people to be impartial when a "quar
L rel is none of their own." Referring
to the danger of missionaries in some
e foreign land1s of which he said he had
thought much of late, he added:
7 "Wars will never have any ending
until men cease to hate one another,
cease to be jealous of one another,
e get the feeling of reality in the broth- C
erhood of mankind, which is the only f
bond that can make us think justly of
one another and act righteously be
r fore God himself." t
Bishop Warren A. Candler, of At- r
s lanta, Ga., in introducing the presi- s
e dent, declared that the members of
e the conference were behind him as
patriots. Secretary Daniels occupied s
a seat on the speakers' platform dur- I
ing the session. F
s The president said In part: "If
have the feeling as I look upon you c
that I have had in many other church s
conferences, that I am looking in the o
faces of men and women who are nit f
interested in the temporary things,
8 but are interested in the permanent 0
things, who give very little thought, 1
I hope and believe, to the things that t
t separate us and give a great deal of r
thought to the things that unite us- I
- things that are good for the healing 1
of this nation not only, but for the v
- healing of all the nations. ' V
a "This is a council of peace, not to s
a form plans of peace, for it is not our
I privilege to form such, but to pro- 5
- claim the single supreme plan of a
r peace, the revelation of our Lord and s
3 Saviour, Jesus Christ. Because wars 5
I will never have any ending until men i
- cease to hate one another, get that t]
a feeling of reality in the bro-herhood 9
of mankind which is the only bond %
- that can make us think justly of one s5
1 another~ and act righteously before b
- God himself. a
L "I value the churches of this coun
a try as I would value everything else P
3 that makes for the stability of our
moral progress. There- are a great
many people-not so many that they
- give me any particular concern, but C
nevertheless a great many people who
in the language of the day, are trying
hard 'to rock the boat.'
-The boat is too big for them to p
rock. They are of such light material
. that they can not rock it very much,
but they are going through the mo-1t
tion, and it is just as well for them .
to look around once In a while and t
see the great steadfast body of self- a
possessed Americans not to be hur
ried into any unconsidered line of ac- c
tion, sure that when you are right, b
you can be calm, sure that when the
quarrel is none of yours, you can be t
impartial, sure that the men who l
Sspend their passion most will move
- the body politic the least and thatj
ithe reaction will not be upon the:
great body of American citizens, but It
-upon themselves.
"So that I look upon you In the a
present circumstances as a great part og
of the stabilizer of the nation. You a1
know that somebody has just Invent-|n,
ed a thing called a stabilizer that is I al
used in connection with aeroplanes, I t
and by some process the macliines of e
which I have not had explained to s
me, and perhaps could not under- a
stand If I had, this corrects the er- C
ratic movements of the machine, so si
that it, when adjusted, determines t;
the plane upon which the machine is it
to move and the machine can not de- n
part from it. Something like that is b:
the function of the great moral forces al
of the world, to act as stabilizers't
-when we go up in the air.
"I have come to you to-night,
therefore. may I say for reassurance.
to look upon an undisturbed body of 1
men who have their compasses ::nd
know the moral charting cf the
"We know what haven we are
bound for. We know the only legiti
Imate processes by which one can.
work his way against the trade winds';t
tof evil in the world to the haven de
sired. So I am sure that I shall go TI
taway from here reinforced.
"I need not tell you that the presi- s
dent by himself is absolutely noth
-ing. The president is what the Ameri- p
tcan nation sustains, and if It does not cl
tsustain him, then his power is con- ti
-temptible and insignificant. If I can a
speak for you and represent you and B
in some sense hand on the moral it
forces that you represent, then I am r<
Iindeed powerful. If I can not then I s,
Iam indeed weak. I shall hope and
I believe that I go away from here sus- t
tained, as Bishop Candler has so gen- s.
erously said, by your prayers. I hope al
I shall feel that I am also sustained cl
by your confidence.'' cc
tGovernor Delivers Wofrord Comn- 'T
I mencement Address,
Gor. Richard I. Manning will de
tliver the commencement address at nr
iWofford college on June 7, according p:
to a recent announcement. The com- te
-mencement sermon June 6 will be de- tl
- livered by Dr. J. Walter Daniel, pre- b
-siding elder of the Charleston dis- D
Strict. B. W. Crouch of Saluda, as
tsistant district attorney general, will n
deliver the alumni address. Dr. It
-Henry N. Snyder, president of the h
Scollege, will deliver the baccalaure
I ate address Monday night.
Be 2.500,000 in Bread Line. t1
Before the next harvest 2,500,000 n
Belgians probably will be in the.f
- bread line, in the opinion of Emile ii
- Franqui, president of the national re- tl
Uef committee of Brnusselsw
Lustrian Account Says Russians Plac
ed Their Reliance Upon Hunger
and the Fortress Finally Gave Up. 39
A report issued from the general
eadquarters of the Austrian army on
uesday, March 23, and transmitted Dr.
ai Berlin and London with delays,
tates that the Austrian garrison of I
Irzemysl subsisted for 134 days on
rovisions designed to last for 80
ays. I
Przemysl originally was provision
d for six months-the extreme limit I
vhich it was thought a modern for
ress technically was capable of with
tanding a modern besieging army. Tif
iven this stock, however, was used Pei
paringly, so that barely one month's anc
upplies had be3n consumed when the the
Leavy fighting between the Austrian the
elief army and the Russians began tro
.bout Przemysl. an<
The Austrian forces, whose supply ]
rains failed to reach them, drew on the
he fortress for rations, and besides, at
he great numbers of wounded in ces
hese battles and the soldiers strick- ma
n with cholera and other, diseases thc
ould be sent nowhere else. sta
When railroad communication at da
ast was restored, in mid-October, the gol
tores of the fbrtress had been large- An
y depleted. The railroad first was the
Lsed to forward urgently needed am
unition, so when th.- Russian steam all
oller unexpectedly set in motion wh
gain, driving von Hindenberg from Fif
Varsaw and the Austrians from ha,
rzemysl, provisions had been com- mi
ng in for the Galician fortress for
nly ten days. That gave the de
enders rations for eighty days. t
These supplies might have sufficed eni
ad the Russians resumed their bat- the
ering tactics, but they placed their foi
eliance da hunger rather than solid an
hot. All
The. final sortie of the garrison was ha
last act of defiance rather than a an
erious attempt to break through the Pel
tussian line, which virtually was im- j
ossible for the hunger-weakened tic'
orce. When the end came the last a t
rumb had been scraped from the, sy
tore houses and horses as well as! wa"
ther animals had been slaughtered Ku
r food. int
Austrian strategists knew from the of
utset 'how long the provisions would1 yar
Lst, and th- campaign in the Carpa- the
Uians had as one of the Its aim the wo
elief of Przemysl. But the mildest atr
ecember known In years in these we
iountains was followed. by bitter j
reather in January and February, syr
rhich snowed up the Austrian offen- Cal
ive and left Przemysl to its doom. as
Austrian leaders believe the Rus- mi
[an army which captured Przemysl, or :
nd which will now be released for des
ervlce elsewhere, is comparatively the
nall. With the gradual strengthen- as
ig of the lines into regular for- vict
esses and the enfeeblement of the '
arrisons of these fortresses by the:
-ounds. sickness and lack. of provi- are
,ons, the strength of the besiegers Is ly.
elieved to have been reduced until the
t the end they were little stronger is 1
umerically than the defendrs of S
rzemysl. . to I
ffice of Public Roads Issues Bulletin tha1
on Radiating Roads. bee:
A bulletin issued by the Office of abli
uilic Roads of the United States De
artment of Agriculture contains a
Lap of Dallas county, Ala., as illus- on
'ating the intelligent handling of the en
roblem of road improvement so as bee
>benefit the largest number of far- ur
ers. fr
The map shows five Improved roads mu
mtering at Selma. One of these Am
ranches a short distance from town, ha~
iaking six radiating roads. Only '1
vo relatively unimportant roads tiox
~ading out from Selma are unim- the
roved. The total length of improv- Mrs
I roads in the county is 197 miles. Wa:
Thile this Is only 19 per cent. of the Por
tal road mileage, as a result of the Ii
hoiy of improving pa.rt of the mile- can,
gb of each Important road leading wit:
ut from their principal market town hin
ad shipping poirnt, the farmers In
early every part ~of the county have son:
ii Improved road for at least part of hov
ieir haul to market. As was point- ing
i out by President Harrison of fort
authern Railway company, in his san
dress before the American Road foo.
ongress at Atlanta, the farmer i 5
iould be given first consideration in' at
i selection of country roads to be boa
nproved and the greatest possible bytt
umber of farmers will be benefitted of
i a system of radiating roads such 183
i has been adopted in Dallas Coun- .
illson and Taft to Participate in
Red Cross Celebration.
Plans for ceremonies at the laying
the cornerstone of the memorial
ructur- to the memory of the wo
en of the civil war which will be '1
i permanent home of the Red Cross has
ere announced at Washington tiot
hursday. The cornerstone will be Col.
Lid on Sunday. March 27, on a site '1
uth of the White House. five
The ceremonies will begin with a po0
rayer by the Rev. Henry N. Couden, dist
taplain of the House of Representa- con
ves, veteran of the civil war. For- pro;
ier President Taft, Miss Isabel T. war
oardman, Assistant Secretary Breck- of
ridge, of the war department. Rep- '
esentative Slayden of Texas. and -this
enator Lea of Tennessee will speak thol
After President Wilson has laid siot
ie cornerstone Justice Lamar, of the Inor
unreme Court, will deliver a brief
Idress, and the ceremonies 'vill der
ose with a benediction by the Epis- be
pal Bishop of Washington. preL
ilson Says Tie Has no Tntention of I
Calling Extra Session. the
Formal announcement has been broi
ade at the White House that, at se
resent, President Wilson has no in- coe
mtion of calling an extra session ofNo
ie Senate or of congress before the
eginning of the regular session next
erember. '
It was said that the president sees sun]
a prosnets of any contingency aris- logi
ig which would cause him to alter Bnit
is present intention, was
Sink Famous Submarine.
The British admiralty has stated
lat they thought the German sub- .
ane 1U-29, which recently sank tion
>ur British and one French steamers nest
the English channed and damaged by1
iree other vessels, had been sunk lied
it all hands. difi
Packard, an American Doctor In
he Service of the Presbyterla.
ission, Waves Stars and Stripes
lefore Advancing Hosts Bent an
etting Blood.
relegrams and letters received at
is from Urumiah, in Northwestern
'sia and transmitted via Petrograd
I London, describe the situation of
American Presbyterian mission
re as desperate. Turkish regular
ops and Kurds are persecuting
I massacreing Assyrian Christians.
larry P. Packard, the- doctor of
Presbyterian missionary~ station
Urumiah, risked his life in a suo
sful effort to prevent a frightful
ssacre at Goegtaps, where three
usand Assyrians made their last K
nd. They had -fought for three.
rs and all their ammunition was
te when Dr. Packard raised an
erican flag and advanced betwoen
uIs act resulted in the saving of
but two hundred of the AssyrianX
o had been burned"In a church.
teen thousand Assyrir Christians
re taken refuge at the American
k dispatch from Urumlah said
mty Turkish regular troops .ad
ered one of the missions, hanged
Orthodox Bishop, Marella, and
.r Orthodox clergymen and beat
L assaulted a missionary. named
en. Shortly before sixty refugees
I been dragged from the French
I executed in spite of the tearft
as of the nuns.
Lt Gulpashan the Kurds were par
ilarly cruel. This was the last of
Dtal of one hundred:and thred Ai
!an villages to hold out, and 'it
occupied a month ago. The.
rds ordered all the Assyrian males
the streets, tied them In groups.
five, marched them to the gravi
d ind killed them barbarously to
last boy. - Girl babies and older
nen then were executed with great
)city, while the younger women
e carried away as slaves. -
ts a result-of the war -12,000 As
ians were taking refuge In the
tcasus, some 17,000 are described
in imminent danger at the Uru
h missions and 20,000 are dead
missing. Much property has been
troyed. The Assyrians' fought
ir ascailants bravely, and as long.
they had ammunition they were
'he missionaries are untiring In
Ir efforts to help the lieople and
spending money to this end free.
In Urumiah they are disbursing
equivalent of .400 daily. Disease
revalent among the refugees.
uch continued reports of menace
Ives of American missionaries and
igees at Urumfah, Persia, have
ased the activity of the state de
tment. Secretary Bryan states
diplomatic and consular officers
Persia, Turkey and Russia have
2 apprised of the reported circum
tces and appealed to for any avail
rothing came to the department
;he subject from Ambassador Mor
thau at Constantinople, who has
a directed by the department to
s the Turkish government to at
I protection to Americans at Urn
h, where- an uprising -against an
erican mission was reported -to
e occurred.
'he missionary named Allen, men
ed in dispatches from Tiflis, is
Rev. E. T. Allen, a brother of
.E. V. Lunn~ of North Yakim..,
;h. H~e was once pastor of a
tiand, Ore., church.
[r. Allen Is a naturalized Ameri
.His wife and three children are -
1 him at Urumiah A letter from
in December said In~ part:
The very people that -we visited
e months ago to help are now
ling outside the city gates, wait
to shed' our blood If they can
:e their way in. There are thou
is and w'e d not have much
he American missionary station
Urumiah is maintain~ed by ,the
rd of foreign mi~ssichir of th'e Pres
trian church in the United .States
America. It was .established in
5. , .
'he force normally at: Urumiah
sists of flye clergymen.:..nd ,one
siecian with thieir wires and -four
~le women.
lcan National Convention -Con
venes to Try Againi.
he Mexican nationdL corivention
resumed its sessions in the na
al palace at Mexico .City, with
Roque Gonzalez G: rza presiding.
he delegates have appropriated
million pesos for the regefiot the
r of the city. The money is to be
ributed under the direction of a
mittee of citizens. Considerable
;ress already has been made to
d relieving distress caused by lack
he proceedings of the convention
far have been harmonious
igh there is a wall defined divi
Sbetween the delegates of the
th and of the south.
'he convention has reached an n
;tanding that a new president will
:hosen on AprIl 1 to succeed the
ent presiding officer, whose term
res next month.
Solid Silver Broom.
thabitants of Cape Colony, South
ca. have sent to . Ir John JellIcoe,
British admiral, a solid silver
>m. nearly a yard lorng, and In
bed "presented to Admiral Jelli
for his ability In sweeping the
th Sea, 1914."
Submarine Sinks Steamer.
he steamer Delmira has been
c by a German submarine off Bon
te is the announcement of the
Ish admiralty Friday. The crew
given ten minutes to leave the
bfine Sweepers in Dardanelles.
?!ne sweepers continued opera
s in the Dardanelles all of Wed
lay night. They were protected
:he guns of cruisers from the al
fleet but their work was made
cnlt by at violent storm.

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