Newspaper Page Text
OF lROUN1D RAINS I
ALLIES WIN BY NUMBS
New York Times Reviewer Says I
ef Batente is Overwhelming Fo
'T-Aurks Threaten Disaster to I
idh in Mesopotami=-Battles
- amet and West.
Luperficially, the past week has
been, from the standpoint of
Untente, particularly satisfact
Gallipoli has been completely a]
doned by the British, Lovcen,
Calais of the Adriatic., has been to
by the Austrians, the British on
Tigris in Mesopotamia are appare
in desperate straits, the net- Rus
offensive along the Styr and
Stripa has apparently bee.. stop
and a new German offensive in
Champagne has made progress.
Without further qualification
would indeed be a week of woe
theAllies,and correspondingly a m
that would cause the greatest re;
tag In Berlin. Certain qualificat
are necessary, however, in order
these incidents may be seen in t
In regard to the final withdr
from Gallipoli. it will probably bh
ailed that ever since the Serbiar
vasion began these reviews have
sisted on the utter uselessness
maintaining the forces that have '
operating on the peninsula. F
the minute the first shell from
fleet was sent into Sedd-el-Bahr
satire campaign was doomed to
vre--a failure that each .passing
nade more apparent.
Al of the Allies recognized
truth, but lacked the courage to
knowledge defeat even in a subsid
geld. Finally, when it was too
the Anafarta position was evacut
and the Turks were left free to
centrate their strength on the .
Whether there was a possibilit
the British being driven into th e
or whether the impossibility of
advance finally became too evide
be longer ignored, Is not known.
all probability there was no I
military necessity for the move.
big naval artillery of the allied
ontranges any shore batteries
Turks have about the tip of
Peninsula. Under protection of t
naval guns there is every likelil
that the Allies could have held o
long as they were so minded.
There was, however, need of t
troops in other fields where ad
tages could be gained corpmerrsu
rIth the losses sustained. and th
the most logical reason why they
drawal was made.
That the British will, to -some
tent, lose caste as a result is
-earse, inevitable. The'modern T
- have .been generally regarded
pretty far down in the military s
and-Great Britain has been extrei
frank In. expressing an opinion a
thir lack of merit.
Turkish territory' extended
- nto the Far;East, and the Britist
eat will be trumpeted throug:
the empire. This will lower Br
prestige, and, after this war is <
ause- England considerable tro
before the status of affairs is
same as it was a year ago.
India seems loyal, and in spit
th6 Teuton propaganda for revo
!not apt to cause any serious mii
~trouble.: But India will no longe:
gard Britain as the invincible f
that governs as it will, against w
- opposition would be fruitless.
zsedoning wi -come In the form
- demad for government by the
sent of the governed and for a o
in the government,
At home, in London -itself, the:
3ng will be rather one of relief.
-' other operation of the war has c
ed so mucn Ill-f eeling dr hostileC
-dsm among the people and in pa
ment. Gallipoli has been the roc:
which the government has b'ee:
almost constant danger of foun
*Ing and breaking up. On the wi
.1 may well be doubted rhether
advantage thus gained in' re-es
lisbingunity and faith in the govE
ment at home does not offset the
advantages caused by loss of preE
in the East.
The direct military influencew:
this move 'will exert can be fouxn
the number of men, both Turks
~alied troops, released for dut3
- i ther theatres. We have no off!
- reports of the number of men
either side thus freed. Unoffici
iis. reported that the numbel
*Turks is about 200,000. -
To the Allies It must mean, th
tore, the addition of at least 100,1
These'Iatter troops could be used
wantageoiusly in almost any of
ether war areas,.in Flanders, 'M
potamia or Saloniki. At the la
placec the threat of an attack is<
-present It appears from such in
-mation as has come to hand that I
-xhave been sent to Saloniki to 1
,art'in the defense. But it is not
jarent even yet wheth~r the att
-.-will ever come.
-The details of the Saloniki posi
have been sufficiently describedl
previous reviews. It is only ne
*-sary now to consider one feature.
attacking Saloniki, the Teutons
their allies will be trying to for<
naturally, strong defensive posia
*with a total perimeter of abouti
miles and held by approxima
20,000 men, or 5,000 to the mil
-aQout th'~e same ratio as prevauil
the German line in France.
Of this distance of fifty mi
'forty-five are so open that it may
said that the adva'nce against
line, almost from the moment the
tacking force moved south, woulc
unprotected by any features of.
rain, and would be, from the be;
ning, under fire from guns pla
ofithea positive beforehand knowle
oftedirection from which the
tnder such circumstances, to b
an even chance of success, the atta
ingforcewould have to be at 14
double the defense. Not only t:
-but as the Allies, through theirc
trol of the sea, can supply and ri
force themselves at will, the att
must be able to call for new dr;
for -the same purpose.
-At the outset, then, at least 5(
.00 men would be needed. As
I--Teutons themselves have no mn
than enough men to take care of
-present business in hand, these wo
haye to be mader up largely of E
9garlans and Turks, and it is here t
the Turks released from Gallil
*would be nee- ed.
The invasion of HeUmnic territ
by Greece's ancient and pres
enemies draws into the discuss
political considerations of the grav
.nature. These latter may become
serious as to prevent an operat
against Saloniki. In such a case
200,000 Turks could be used either
operations against Suez or in Me
The former Is a very doubt
quantity, and although numerous
ports of Teutonic origin have renel
us as to what was going to be d&
and of the preparations that were
-ing made to do it, no tangible
dence has yet been produced th'at
Ievents foretold had any bass in 1
The break in the Bagdad rail:
at the Tauras Mountains and t:: l1
stretch over the Sinai Pen ins;
where transportation is entirely wa
nega~lye, so far as is now p
- to 4.,a.n emeration agal
?o the British empire.
In Mesopotamia, however, the situ
ation is entirely different. Here there
is fighting of an extremely serious
nature, with the British forces ap
'1R1 arently in a dire predicament. A
strong addition to the Turkish forces
in that theatre would be well calcu
lated to produce British disaster.
-'hat this may be understood clearly
involves a brief summary of the
I ilesopotamian campaign with an out
ine of the present position as far as
s known of the contending forces.
When ta a British planned the
ope Mesopctaizian expedition, there
were, to quote in part from Mr.
re" Asc:uith and in part from the lead
rit- ing military reviewers of London,
two objectives: one was to main
in tarn the mastery of the Persian
(-'uif. which the Britsh have held
for 300 years, the second to pro
tet t..e o. nieids at the head of the
not i'ersian Gulf, just east of the
the Karum Civer.
an This expedition, begun with not
thenore than 20.000 troops, was at first
ke' :uccessful and occupied a line gen
the rally along the Karum from Bazra
tly o Ahevaz. There was, however, a
sian -endezvous for the Turks at the no
th: aconsiderable town of Amara, about
ieu 20 miles up the Tigris from Bazra
tht fi'is town was also taken, and ther(
:t seemed that the British object wa
fo But the Turks cut in behind this
'eel Ine by a concentration at Nasrie
oic- 20 miles west of'Bazra. They were
ion lisplaced from Nasrie and relieved
thw )y the Shatt-el-Hai to Kut-el-Amara
b.i: ihis latter to'.. n it was also neces
sary to occupy, more so than ever as
wa~ .t developed as the last and most ad
re- :anced position necessary to cover a
in Eirect attack on the head of the Per
in- sian Gulf.
0. The Turks retired from Kut-el
>eer \mara to Ctesiphon where they were t
ron- attacked by Gen. Townshend, who.
the apparently ignorant of the Turkis:
the ;trength, had but one-fourth of their
fail- aumbers. The result was a British
day etreat back to Kut-el-Amara, which 1
.as semi-fortified. Here the Britisl:
the sere - gradually surrounded by the
ac- rurks. and, although they improved t
iarN :he opportunity to strengthen greatly
;ate be defensive works, they were.
,ted nevertheless, by reason of the greatly
con- superior numbers against which they
chi- were contending, in serious danger.
The British- relief force, sent out
y o' mnder Gen. Aylmer, seemed in a fair
sea way to force its way up the Tigris
ar and effect a junction with the troops
tt to at Kut-el-Amara. Latest advices.
Ir iowever, are to the effect that this
ocai -ellef expedition has been halted by
The the Turks at Sheik Said, some-twenty
flee: miles away.
the In the meantime, the Turks are
th, naturally sending reinforcements as
b -s --apidly as possible from the wes'
lod >ver the Bagdad r^'h oad. It is here
a as that the 200,000 men released from
ervice on Gallipoli can, if sufficient
esc ransportation service is- available.
ran- deal a blow to British prestige in the
rate ?ast far greater than that suffered
is is by the 'withdrawal from the Helles
Latest advices from Austria show
ex- 'hat not only has the height of Yov
O, '-en, which dominates Cettinje and
rks Cattaro, fallen into Austrian hands
as but that the Montenegrin capital it
:ale :elf is occupied. The Montenegrins
nely 'ave, therefore, asked for an armis
s to ice, which can only be a forerunner
. ,f a separate peace. It is another
well -ase of practical abandonment on the
de- part of the Allies of a small power
iout to the force of the Teuton military
ver. Lovcen is a height about 4,000
uble feet high overlooking Cettinje and
the iominating completely Cattaro. As
has been stated in the press reports.
8 Of the possession of Cattaro bears the
It s same relation to the Italian coast that
tary Calais does to the coast of England.
-re- Its strategic importance, however,
orce is military rather than naval. It will
hich give Austria an additional naval base
The on the Adriatic, it is true, but a good
of a naval base with an enemy absolutely
con- controlling tne sea is not a matter
olce that carries with it a preponderance
of tha argument.
eel- The military Importance lies in the
NO facility that the position affords for
aua flank movement against the at
r-tempt of the Allies -to come through
a- 1ahania and, in fact, against a
40 Oi orthward move from Saloniki.
il When Montenegro is forced in a
der- separate peace, which step is about
ole. to take place, Austria, of course, wil'
the be in a position to dictate such terms
tab-,s may seem to her advisable. One
e- of these terms will undoubtedly be
di-that At-stria shall be perfctly free
to use the State for her forces as she
aich A'-strong Teuton force can thus be
i in in a position to operate both against
and the only two roads crossing Albania
in into Serbia and also against any
cia; troops using either of the two north
00on r'outh lines thr t may in'itself prove
ally sufficient to neutralize completely
of the Italian expedition which has al
ready been dispatched for Serbia and
ere- to upset the entire Saloniki cam
ad- As they knew the Importance of
the Loveen, it is inconceivable why it was
eso- not defended by the Allies. It would
tter "ave been a simple matter. and one
~ver 'nan on the heights could have been
for- worth three trying to reach them.
hey The deeper the Allies get Into the
ake '-ar and the greater the war area be- ~
ap- comes, the less able their leaders
ac weem to serasp the critical points in ~
the situat~ion. -
- Thero is no breadth of vision, no
ces broad conception of the war as a
In Many Drown When Dykes Break
and Many persons have been drowned
e a by t-he flood in northern Molland. On
ior cte Marken Islands the death list has
ifty whose discernible as yet in the .
~ey allied camp. Procrastination. de
e- lay, inefficiency caused Belgium,.
in then Serbia, and now Montenegro C
to be completely crushed.
And with each blow the allied sit- s
thci -ration in the Balkan becomes less
at- and less promising. The redeemuing t
bc!eature to the Allies, the only thin~g C
to,-- hat holds out to them hope of vie
,'riry, is superiority, not in brains
edorganization, or in the individual, but I
den numbers and resources. For Aus-a
a.tria to occupy Montenegro will take t
nen, many men. This is the weak- e
aness of the whole plan. -,
.eThe offensive on the Russian front T
as: has during the past week somewhat
tat lessened in its intensi~ty, but it has I i
on- iot died down nor is it yet apparenta
iu . h~ at it has been stopped. Czer-nowitz.
c-hough etill in Austrian hands, is in
ifts ;erious danger of falling, due to Rus-:
sian gains on the heights to the I
th Austran papers dilate on the
or severity of the fighting and freely
t stimate the losses of their own
u roops at 75,000 nien. To judge fromr
ul. :dmitted losses in similar operations.
da: isl is an understatement rather thaL
o1 >therwise. If the Russians accomplis..
:o more than the infliction of a 1loss
>ry easured by their own-and because~
4n the counter attacks there is pro~b-0
o :biy ntot a great deal of differene
es :heir moveuent has not failed.
s:For the same reason the recent of
Ut ~ensive Ci the Germans in the Cha'm- Ie
hjagne and in the southern Veager
1 Do'i it resulted in small gains. is w
so- no sense, in its relation to th~e war
a a whole. a defeat for the Allies
fi he Teu-ton:4, in spite of all thie aid
re - ha the Btulgars and the Turks can'
te ie, are biotndi to be the backbone of C.
theO forces against the Ailies. And L
t' 1e Teutons. if they have not alre~ady m
m cce it. will soon reac-h the poin 0
x-osere every loss is a permanenit lose I
e encan not be replaced by a re
ba The situation with them Is the i
nt- same as with Lee whena he faced
os- Grant at the beginning of the t
A WHAKERS flATHER
CONOMY IS TilE KEY NOTE OF
IONEY STRINiS TfIIITEN
Ways and Means Committee Passes
Resolution to Limit Appropriations
Bill to $2,000,000-Cut of $500,
000 From Last Year's Expendi
The meeting of the general assem
ly each year brings together the ex
eriences and views of the represen
atives of the people of the State.
'uesday there gathered in Columbla
group of the best and most honored
itizens of the forty-four counties o:
outh Carolina. They came to frame
uch laws as the State will need for
he ensuing year.
What will be done no one knows
efinitely. Prohibition! Prohibition!
nil be the pivot of legislation. The
pendulum is swinging far. towards
The Senate was in session one
'our and heard the governor's mes
The House buckled down to rea'
ork immediately-a most unusua!
>roceeding. Several bills left over
rom last session were considered.
The most striking feature of the
ay's proceedings was the endorse
ent of President Woodrow Wilson
.nd his administration. Representa
ivc Bigham, of Aiken, presented the
-esolution that was passed without
bjection. It reads:
Whereas, the nation has prospered
n peace during the administration of
Voodrow Wilson. our great Demo
ratic president, despite the menaced
)erils of war and financial panic, and
he chaotic conditions existing in
>ther lands; and
Whereas these blessings. ii l -rge
>art, are attributable to the m
he patience and sound judg t of
?resident -Wilson, and to the wise
and excellent legislation suggested by
im and enacted largely through his
nfluence, now, therefore, be it
Resolved, by the House of Repre
;entatives of the State of South Car
lina, the Senate concurring, That
e c,'rdially approve and endorse thel
,minently able, wise an- satisfactory
administration of our national gov
-rnment under the presidency of
oodrow Wilson, and that we earn
,stly commend him to the Demo
!ratic party for renomination, and to
he people of the United States for
F it further resolved, That a duly
er .lied copy of these resolutions
igned by the Speaker of the House
Lnd the President of the Senate, be
orwarded to the president at Wash
From a State standpoint the res
olution of :he ways and means
conmittee was the most important
thing done. This resolution pro
vides that the committee shall keep
themppropriation within the two
million dollar mark.
The determination to cut down ex
>enses of the State government was
riven striking evidence by the pas
age of a resolution by the waysand
neans committee to hold the appro
)riation hill this session to at least
wo million dollars. - This is nearly
ve 'iundred thousand dollars less
han was appropriated last year and
>ver eleven hundred thousand dollars
ess than is asked for this session.
ith this idea of pruning in mind
he ways and means committee and
he Senate finance committee went
nto joint session to begin hearings
mn requests of institutions and de
artments of the government for
The message of Gov. Manning fol
owed the authentic and authorized
orecast published In this paper
BATTLESU IP SINS
3ritish Pre-Dreadnought Hits Mine
No Lives Lost.
London announces: The British
rattleship King Edward VII has been
unk as the result ot striking~a mine.
The entire crew was saved. The ad
"H. M. S. King VII has struck a
ine. Owing to the heavry sea she
ad to be abandoned and sank short
y afterwards. The ship's company
as ttken off without loss of life.
)ny two men were injiured."
The King Edward was of sixteen
housand three hundred and fifty
ons, laid down in 1902. She was
our hundred and fifty-three feet
:ag, seventy-eight feet beam and
wenty-six feet draught. She had
our twelve-inch guns, four 9.2-inch
nd ten six-inch guns in her main
attery and was equipped with four
arpe~o tubes, submerged. Her speed
n her trial trip was nineteen knots
he had a complement of seven hun
red and seventy-seven men.
WAIT FOR INFORMATION
Eashington Will Take up Matter
Confirmation of the reported kill
1g of seventeen American mining
:en by former Villa soldiers nea:
hihuahua City, Mexico, was await
.1 Wednesday with grave anxiety by
resident Wilson and Secretary Lan
ng. If reports are borne out by
irther advices, urgent representa
ons probably will be sent to Gen
arranza immediately ' .:nan ding the
ipture of the niurderers and that
recautions be taken to guard agains!
recurrence of such crinc.
Officials Wednesday sought addi
onal information regarding the in
dent through American consular
spresentatives along the border.
iey had been instructed to investi
:tte and report with all possib!e
ste following the receipt of officia2
vices which gave few details.
F1UR AEROPLANES I!OWNEDI
ermans Announce Des-truction of
Four British 31echanics,
Berlin reports: "Lieutenare oelke
d Irumneimann eucl sh:ot dow n e
ritish aeroplane, one nor t-ea-t o 'C
Duroing, the other neari Batu
ir-cognition of their accom-pliu
et they wer-e de'cora :ed with the:
der of Pour le Sierite by his majes
A third British aeopirano w:
.ot lown by ou defe - guns ne-a
ht British officrs on the fou.
o~aes six wecre killed and two
May be S'ant to Washington.
Avices from Vienna say that
unt Albert Apponyl, the vetera::
ungrian political leader, possibly
ay e chosen to till the vacant pos:
Austro-1ungarianl ambassador to
e United States.a
Ley can (do. lomss the~y can inflict,
mt ther life blood is .rlowly ebb
g and each dr'op that fails comes
rom the heart that is futrnishing D
e powe. mL maf t the Tentem i
&MBASSADOR V9ICES UNION
OF PANAERICAN STRENGTHi
djournnient of Second Scientific
Congress Occasions Warm Sup
port of President.
Adjournment of the second Pan
American scientific congress last
week after a thirteen-day session was
marked by a crystalization of senti
nent for an alliance of American na
ions to safeguard the Western Hemi
wphere from European military and
"It is certainly not the business of
the delegates to this congress to de
ermine what course shall be followed
by the foreign offices of our coun
'r'es, but we who have breathed this
atmosphere df American fraternity
,an at least let them know 'hat this
'ongress from the- president of the
United States to the delegate from
he m)st distant part of the conti
ient. is united in the noble desire of
=eeking political unity of the conti
nent so that the nations which com
nose it may thus lend one another
mutual support and thus afford
themselves better protection against
Ambassador Suareg's declaration
was received with much applause by
the delegates. He is known to favor
strongly the establishment of n
eague of the Pan-Americin republic:
for the preservation of neutrality and
the protection from possible invasion
y European powers. A majority of
:he delegates from the twenty-one
Latin-American republics hold the
DU PONT PLANT HAS FIVE
EXPLOSIONS IN TWO DAYS
From Sunday to Tuesday Night Many
Accidents Happen- Not At
tributed to Spies.
The fifth explosion In two days at
the Du Pont Powder plants in the
vicinity of Wilmington, Del. occur
red late Tuesday night in the Hagley
yards on the outskirts of that-city.
A small wheel mill blew up and be
yond destroying the building and
about a ton of powder no damage
was done. No one was in the mill.
The fourth explosion occurred late
Tuesday afternoon at the smokeless
powder plant at Carney's Point, N.
J., across the Delaware river from
Wilmington. Thirteen tons of pow
der went off without injuring any
Last Sunday night there was a
blast at Carney's Point which killed
three men and on Monday there was
an explosion at the Hagley yards and
another one at Carney's Point.
The Du Pont company attribute
the explosions to unavoidable acci
rients, though the definite cause is
"The large number of explosions
at this time," said a representative of
the company, "is undoubtedly due to
the fact that the company's force is
one hundred times as great as when
the European war broke out and
there is so much more work to be
done. It is also a fact that nearly
all of the orders are hurried and it is
also true that some of the operatives
have not been at the business long
enough to acquire the experience of
many of the older men."
4INNINGS TO YEAR'S END
TOTAL TO 10,000,000 BALES
South Caroiina P.eports 1,134,059)
Bales G inned! up to the 'BQ
p~~i; of 1916.
The eith cotton ginning report
of the seson co'npiled from reports
of census bureau correspondents and
agents throughout the cotton belt an
-ounced that 10,643,783 bales of c t
ton, counting round as half bales, of
the growth of 1915, had been ginned
prior to January 1.
That compares with 14,443.146
bales, or 90.8 per cent. of the entire
1914 crop ginned prior to January 1,
'st year, 13,347,721 bales, or 95.5
ner cent., of the 1913 crop and 12,
907,405. or 95.7 per cent. of the
The -average quantity of cotton
inned prior to January 1 in th'e last
ten years was 11.963,038 bales, or
93.4 per cent. of the crop.
Included in the ginnings were
105.799 round bales, compared *with
44.904 in 1914. 9.i,265 in 1913, and
7,999 in 1912.
Sea Island cotton Included num
bred 88,921 bales, compared with
76,857 in 1914, 74,320 in 1913, and
37,237 in 1912.
South Carolina's total was 1,134 -
59, as compared with 1.387,317 in
1914; 1,342,237 In 1913. and 1,173,
16. In 1914 89 per cent. of the
cop had been ginned, while in 1913
it thbe -same time there had been 94.6
-er cent. ginned, and 95.8 per cent.
LOIIKED LKIE A FHiIT
3reek Soldiers and French . Almost
Have a Battle.
Athens reports via London: There
as an incident between the Greek
td Entente allied troops when the
tter nlew up the iron bridge over
he Struma river at Derir-Hiissar.
The officer commanding the Greek
;uard at the bridge ordered his men
o resist the accomplishment by the
utente allied troops of their pur
>ose, and at the same time requestedl
einorcemients. While awaiting the
r-ival of the reinforcements the
"lge was blown up and the Entente
ilies then withdrew, thus avoiding
BLEW UP BRM~ES
~ondon Tells Ihow Allies Prepared.
for Looked-for Attack.
It was authoritatively announced
n London Friday that the reported
ffensive of the Teutonic allies
ganst Saloniki did not occur. The
umors that the attack had begun
ainst the forces of the Allies ap
arently originated in the activity 0.
i:e French in biowing up the bridges
onnecting Saloniki with the road
ver which the attackers would nor
ally travel. Bridges were destroy-*
d by the French not only at D~emir
ir. on thne Struma in the neigh
oho:ed of Serrr-s. but also at Kilin
r tombh of I oiran. All th:e bridges
estroyedl were in Greek terriitory.
BRITAIN S!EZES SHIPS
ake s Control in Order to Insu-e
Supply of Grnin and Food.
The Pritish government is taking
rigent masures to see that the
rvailing shortage in ships shall not
terfere with the shipment Of food
: oth~er necesaries to ports in the
nited Kirzdorm. Yesseis are being:
squisitioned right and left for the
ipment of wheat from the Ameri
s, and in shipping circles it is re
~rted that the admiralty Intends to
dl in the British ships now trading
ARRESTS UNION DOCTOR
WHEN SMALL BOY DIE:
Father Asserts That Physician's Fail
ure to Stay With Son
Caused His Death.
Following the death of a patient
Dr. Theodore Maddox a Union phy
si !ian, was Wednesday arrested and
immediately released on bail charg.x
with manslaughter. The warrant wa.
sworn out by the father of Hulil
Studdard, a lad of fifteen years, re
siding in a mill village in Union
Studdard was -accidentally . -.ot b;
Oliver Austin, a boy of his own age
while they were hunting Saturda
Dr. Maddox was summoned to at
tend the injured youth. He applies
"first aid" and left at an urgent cal
from another patient to whom hi
was going when called to the wo nd
ed boy. Two ho. rs later, having an
swered the other call, the physicia
reund a 1 amputated the leg. Th1
boy died soon after the operation.
The father claimed loss of bloot
was the direct cause of death, an<
that lack of prompt attention result
ed in death. The physician says tha
he responded to the call even whet
already hurrying to another patient
and that he did all tnat could b,
done at that time; to have operate
before the patient had rallied frol
the shock would have meant almos
certain death. The verdict of the
coroner's jury was that the lad cam
to his death "by misfortune acci
Almost every American wh
doesn't expect to volunteer, or 'wh
is beyond the probable limit of pos
sible conscription, will favor inter
vention in Mexico.
RUSSIAN FRONT IS QUIET
AFTER BLOODIEST BATTLE
Both Sides Admit That Fighting Ha
Been Fiercest Since Begin.
ning of War.
There have been no fresh develop
ments on the Russian front where th
cold weather again has set in, th
thermometer at some points touchin
twenty degrees below zero. Althou3
for the moment the Russians ha.
ceased their attack upon the Austre
German lines from the Pripet river t.
the Bessarabian frontier, informa
tion from German sources is tha
they have not given up the venture
but are merely reorganizing thei
forces for another formidable assault
The Russians are reported as fort]
fying the positions recently capture
and in this way their front has bee:
gradually extended until they occup
about thirty-four miles of the eas
bank of the middle reaches of th
Stripa river, a position which it i
deemed is secure against recapture b:
The Petrograd official communica
tiou says that the calm on the Czner
owitz front is due to the huge loase
and resulting demoralization of th
Austrian-Hungarian army. Tha
there is some basis for this statemen
is evident from the statement in
Hungarian newspaper that the losse
on both sides in the Bessarablan b&t
ties so far exceeded one hundred an
seventy-five thousand, or more tha
the total British losses in the whel
Another Hungarian newspape
states on the authority of a staff re
port that the fighting on this from
has been the bitterest and bloodies
in the history of the war, both side
sacrificing men in a manner withou
INVASION OF MONTENEGiRO
IS PUSHED BY AUSTRIAN!
Strategic Position of Mount Lovcel
is Taken--To Attack Cettinge
From Its Summit.
The Austrians are continuing re
lentlessly their invasion of Monte
negro and have captured the strate
gic posi:aon of ;Mount Lovcen, th
guns of which dominated the Aus
Itrian naval and military base at Cal
taro. For days the Austrian gun
at Cattaro and Austrian warship
from the Adriatic had been hurlini
shells against the Montenegrins a
Lovcen, the capture of which, the
Austrians figured, not alone woul
end the menace to Cattaro, bu
would bring the Austrian guns with
in range of Cettinjie, the Montene
The fighting in Montenegro con
Itinues all along the northern an'
eastern fronts of the kingdom an'
although the Montenegrins are offer
ing a steady defense, they are bein:
overwhelmed by superior numbers o
uten, guns and machine guns. Be
rane, near the eastern frontier, i
Ione of the important positions taker
by the invaders.
FEUD CARRIED A YEAR
Estill Man is Shot to Death by Hi
As the resudt of an old feud, Hor
ace Long was shot and killed at
Lena Friday afternoon about twc
o'clock by his brother-in-law, Calvin
Shuman. About a year ago Long
and Shumnan met in Hampton and
Shuman was badly beaten by Long
since that time bad feeling has ex
Friday Long was sitting on the
steps of his brother's store where he
is employed when Shuman, it is al
leged, rode up .in his buggy, hitched~
his horse, walked over to where
Long was sitting and bpented fire
shooting him four times. Death wat
instantaneous, one bullet going
through the hearst. Shuman walked
back to his buggy and drove to
Hampton and surrendered. Both are
married and about thirty years o:
MUST BE FRIENDLY
French Troops Ordered to Treat
Paris reports: Gen. Sarrail, com
mander or the French army in the
east, has issued a new order to nis
troops from which the Saloniki cor
tespondent of The Temps quotes the
following as the most important pag
"I repeat again: You must -all.
hoth officers and men, observe to
wards the officers of the Greek army
of rank superior to your own tiw
Suthorized rules of deference and the
out ward marks of respect. You wii be
tood enough to entertain rela'tions o!
friendliest comradeship with milit::T
men of your own rank."
Flemi Amierica~n Flag.
The British steamer City of Lin
coln went through the Mediterraneat
sea flying the American flag as a pro
etion against submarines, members
tf the crew said when the steautor
rrived in Boston .vionday' vith
valuable cargo from Oriental ports.
Aeroplanes Fight at Saloniki. |
The Saloniki front is chiefly not
bie as the scene of almost continued
eropano skirmiishes, orne of which
:ontinued for two hours. ~The Ger
pans have thy Zgay lost six aero
17 AMERICANS SIOT
MEXICAN BANDITS SLAUGIITER
IEN iOING TO MINES
NO iUARDS WITH TRAINS
Carranza Government Had Given As
surances of Protection to Smelt
ing Company Through State De
pertment-Censorship Shuts off
Seventeen persons all believed to
have been Americans, were killed by
M?exican bandits yesterday after be
ing taken from a 'exico Northwestern
train fifty miles west of Chihuahua
tity, robbed and stripped of their
clothing, according to a message re
3eived at El Paso Tuesday night by
H. C. M-yles, British vice consul, from
t British Consul Scovell at Chihuahua
The train on which the Americans
were traveling from Chihuahua City
I to Casihuiriachic. Chihuahua, carr'ed
thousands of dollars in currency and
a large quantity of supplies sent by
e the American Smelting and Refining
e company to its mines in Cusihuiria
It is believed that all the eighteen
D American mining men known to have
3 been in Chihuahua City were on
board the looted train. Thomas H.
Holmes, the only known survivor,
stated, however, in his brief telegram
giving the first news of the raid, that
he counted but sixteen Americans
taken from the train.
It is supposed the bandits belong
Sd to the forces of Gen. Jose Rodri
ez, a Villa supporter, known to be
operating in Chihuahua against the
de facto government of Mexico.
Almost immediately after the
first news was received a censor
ship was imposed on the wires be
tween Juarez and Chihuahua City
by the Carranza officials. This ac
tion was taken, it was said, "until
the story could be verified from of
ficial Mexican sources." -
e According to the brief messages re
ceived, the train bearing the Ameri
> cans was stopped by the bandits
about fifty miles west of Chihuahua
I City. The mining men were taken
, from the train, robbed, stripped
r naked and lined up along the cars
for execution. Holmes was said to
have been on the extreme end of the
d line and as the firing squad took
b position he broke away and fled
' into the desert.
,c With feet and body cut and bleed
e ing from stones and sharp cactus, he
s ran until he no longer heard the
7 whistle of bullets pass him. , He suc
ceeded In reaching friendly Mexicans,
it is reported, and was aided to re
turn to Chihuahua City.
s The first news of the bandit raid
e was received through a telegram
I from Holmes to officials of the smelt
I ing company asking them to notify
a his wife that he had reached- Chi
s !uahua City.
His message aroused anxiety con
3 cerning the fate of the other men
a known to have left Chihuahua City
a for Casihuiriachic, and before the
densorship was imposed they succeed
r ed in getting into communication
- with mining men in Chihuahua C:ty
[who furnished the brief details of the
S Th~e Amercans, It was said, had as
1 surances of protection given the
smelting company by the Carranza
government through the United
States state department..
A list of American mining men in
Chihuahua was prepared from roe
ords of Mexican passports 'issued.
This list contained eighteen names
The list follows: C. R. Watson, man
.ager and largest stockholder In the
smelting company, El Paso; W. J.
Wallace, El Paso; T. M. Evans, El
Paso; W. M. Romero, El Paso; C. A.
Pringle, San Francisco; -Maurice An
-derson, El Paso; R. H. McHatton, El
Paso; A. Couch, El Paso; Alex H.
Hall, Douglas, Ai-iz.; Charles Wad
.leigh, Arizona; E. L. Robinson, El
- Paso; G. W. Newman El Paso; Jack
Hase, Arizona; -Blomb, El
Paso; R. H. Simmons, -; 3.
Adams, ; J. Jones,
Thomas M. Holmes, El Paso.
Confirmation of the shooting of
Mtanrice Anderson, a clerk, was re
ccived Tuesday night. It was a brief
message from his father, Roland An
dlerson, at Chihuahua City to his
"Maurice Is no more. Hope to se
cure h~is body."
The CusihuiriachiC Mining com
nany was one of the first to accer'
the promise of protection made by
the Carranza government to the state
department and loaded a train with
-uantities of provisions and consid
erable money, because it was known
that the natives of the district were
The report of the killing of the
employees is taken by mining men to
mean that an alleged order Issued
by Gen. Villa upon his return from
Sonora and after his family had ar
rived in Cuba, was to be obeyed.
This supposed* order to "kill all *
Amecricans, loot and burn" had been
reiterated by bands returning frori
Sonora. It was this order that is 'c
lieved to' have resulted in the deathc
-ecently of Peter Kearne, bookkeepere
of the Hearst interests near Madera.
Chihuahua, at the -hands of Villa
Another version of the ecrape of
T. H. Holmes was received by offi-t
cials of the Mexican Northern In a
message from officials at Chihuahua
City. It follows:
"T. H. Holmes, a member of the a
narty, who escaped, said that the a
rain was boarded at four o'clock c
resterday morning by twe'nty-eight t
'rmed Mexicans at Kilon:etree G8. d
According to Holmes the foreigners n
n the group were ordered to alight.
Holmnes hid in the lavatory-. From
his hiding place lhe watched h.is comn
'anions being stripped by bandits.
They then ordered them to nrch to
ward the west. .Holmes de: e mded G
from the train and escapedi in the
"1i' a fe'w r :nute. he hea; i:hrieks
mediately followC I by : silade
f shots fro L the direc' ::. .cen by -
the Amerier :xs and thL~ -r."
A protect addressed ' Residen
Wison wn: signed by :: ''g men
who are in El T''o i.' hr: s pre-9 d
pared to enter eGihrahua a'i open
properties t:nder potccc c: the de h
It was ,m:'dl thatr botcoe the 1
r.in. nted with emplove-s lcit C'h
hahua fCity for the mnirg' camps a
vord cf Ce'rranza soierts ior the
train had been refused.
Colem:.a .1 kolumbia P. M.
:mr :::. Lef *'r Wednesday Ii
reaio:umede' the -g *': ant of if
orer Sc'i~ W I H eman of0
Rihand: ' .:ob - .aaster at
Coinmhis. 'i ico will g
. Sends JohnIL'on's Namec.
The presider t Wedni esdayr sent t
the Sena'te the nomlitation of Jose'ph'
Johson of Spartanb::rg, to be Unoit
adi State's dih:riet j'-.z fo- the we;;
ern district of South Carolina.
Anthony Amendment Rtepersed.
The Susan B. Anthony ameadment TI
arovidng for 'woman einffrag.e has o1
heei favorably reportsd to the U. S. o
ESSION TO LAST 40 DAYS;
ECONOMY KEYNOTE FAVORITI
.les Says He Will Hurry Appropria
tions Bill-Manning Receives
House and Senate leaders declared
Thursday that no attempt will be
nade to secure an adjournment oi
he General Assembly by February
10. The session will continue for
orty days, it was said. The results
)f the first tiyo days would Indicatc
hat this is going to be a working
The ways and means committee o1
he House and the finance committee
)f the Senate are holding joint ses
ions daily, the claims of the depart
nents and institutions are being dis
osed of at a rapid pace. J. T. Liles
:hairman of the ways and means
:ommittee, says that every effor1
vould be made to send'the appropria
ion bill to the House at the earliest
Reports from the committee woulc
ndicate that the members are try
ng to follow as closely as possible
he terms of the resolution to hole
sown the appropriations to two mil.
ion dollars. If this resolution is
:arriei out the leaders say that the
state tax levy will be reduced. -
Gov. Manning is receiving many
messages congratulating him upoi
his position taken in the annual mes
sage that no expensive undertaking:
be proposed at this session.
The bill providing for an appro
priation of fifty thousand dollars tc
enforce the prohibition law wa:
heartily approved by the members o
the ways and means committee.. I
was said that only one member op
posed the appropriation. The bill wil
be favorably reported to the House
MURDER OF 16 AMERICANS
CAUSES WASINGTON STh
[n Congress, at the White House afi
at Stat. Department Subma
rine Crisis Displaced.
The Mexican situation has bees
brought to the boiling point again
by the execution of the sixteen er
more Americans near Chih ahaa.
In congress, at the White House
and at the state department Wed
nesday it entirely displaced the
submarine controversy and all e
er international affairs.
Secretary Lansing. after sending:
demand for satisfaction to Gen. Car
rapza, Issued a statement declaring I
was to be deplored- that the Amen
cans had not followed the state de
partment's warning against exposaa
their lives in the guerilla warfare re
gion. and- adding: "Every step wil
be taken to see that the perpetrator
of this dastardly crime are appre
hended and punished." -
In the Senate an expected store
broke as soon as it assembled.' Sen
ator Sherman Republican, introdus
d a resolution proposing that unles
gen. Carranza gives properprotectio:
to foreignlife and property the Unit
ed States shquld Invite the Pan
American nations which have- bee]
associated in the' Mexican negotla
tions to join in restoring order ant
government In Mexico.
WILSON 0. K.'S BILL
Gves Hearty Approval to Tilluam'
Armor Plate Bill.
President Wilson has given hi
learty approval to the establishmen
>f a government armor plate factor
in d *ill aid the enactment of legls
ition to that end as far as possible
Senator Tillman, chairman.-of thi
senate committde on naval affairs
Thursday conferred with the presi
dent abolit the South Carolinian'
bill for a government factory and wai
pleased with the president's supper
t the measure. Hearings on the bill
will begin before the Senate commit
ice next Tuesd,ay.
Senator Tillman believes that thk
enate will accept the measure al
Enost unanimously and no help from
the president will be needed in tha
body. In the House, however, th4
situation as to armor plate is lese
mnderstood, he intimated, because o:
:he presence upon the House nava
f fairs committee of a large numbe:
>f new men. who do not fully under
tannd the workings of the steel con
erns furnishing armor plate to the
fovernment as do senators and rep
-esentatives who have long been i
y -gress and have given the subjeel
.ttention and consideration for years
(EGiRO SOLDIERS START
RIOTINGi IN HONOLULI
'Tenderloin" District Placed Under
Martial Law After Racial
Honolulu's "tenderloin" district
ras under military control Friday as
.result of a systematic raid late
hursday night which was partici
ated in by approximately five hun
red troops of the Ninth cavalry,
olored. Du~ring the demnonstrations
11 the establishments conducted by
lite persons were wrecked and
2any of them were looted.
Efforts of the police force to queli
he' disturbances were fruitless and
he section presented a scene of con
usioni until a 'battalion of the Sec
nd U. S. infantry with fixed bayonets
nd a detachment of mounted scouts
ppear'ed. When the streets had been
[eared the district was left in mili
ry control. The reason for the
emonstration has not been an
TNTINS DIEPOT DESTROED
erman Magazine Explodes, Killing
Seventy nnd In juring Forty.
An ammunition depot in the south
- section of Lille, northern France.
is been blown up. An official an
:uncement says that seventy per
ms wer" killed and forty injured.
risidrable damage to property was
>e. The official announcement
hch was contained in German army
sadquarters-statement is as follows:
"ln tha so'uthern walled-in section
Lille an ammunition depot belong
g to the pioneer detachment, lodg
I in one of the casements of a for
fication, blew up. The nearby
reets suffered to- a very consider
>i extent. Rescue measures taken
suted up to Tuesday night in the
1ding of sevenity killed and forty
jured inh~abitants. The inhabitants
iieve the accident was due to an
Can Withstand Torpedoes.
avl experts believe that all fu-!
re Amercan battleships will be
asurvxiv.e the explosion of c
: orpedo against their hulls re
.rd 's of where they are stru'd.
Edisto Project Condemned.
The chief engineers of the army:
iursday niade a report to congress:
. the development of the south forh
the Editto river opposite the town
THOMAS B. HOLMES DESCRIBES
KILLINGi OF AMERICANS
SHOT AS THEPPEARED
Sole Survivor Says Mexican Bandits
Stopped Train, Shooting Americans
as They Alighted From Train
Story of Crime Proves Most Dae
The number of foreigners murder-.
ed west of Santa Ysabel Monday
afternoon by Mexican bandits has
been placed at nineteen. It - was
authoritatively stated that Gen.
Pablo Lojez, a Yaqui chieftain close
ly allied with Gen. Francisco Villa,.
ordered the massacre. About twenty
bandits attacked the train., it was
;aid, while two hundred were group
ed as a reserve at one side of the
right of way.
Thomas B. Holmes, the sole'fdr
eign survivor of. the massacre, read
ad the border near El. Paso Wednes
lay about noon in a state of collapse
F'ollowing is the statement of Mr.
Holmes as given to the state depait
nent and press:
"Our train left Chihuahua- Mondar
morning, January 10, - at about. 11
o'clock. The. train was stopped at *r
about the ranch, Baeza, a point about
ave miles west of Santa Ysabel, be
tween one-thirty and two o'clock that
"While the. train' was staiding at
the station of Santa Yeabel two arm
ed 'Mexicans rode by and scrutinized
the train: The Mexican passengeirs'=
at Santa Ysabel told :me'afterwards
that -the riders-had'inquired4f there
were any soldiers on the train.
"At the point of thengissadrcour
train was stopped in a cut-so that1
last car was Just. outside.of the"cut.
We were' stopped by another trin
the front trucks of- one :of -the cost F
cars of which was seen to be off tth.
track. This was the first we. k "ieW 3
of a train preceding us. "There 'was :
nobody to be seen- around the'-train '
"When our. train was stoppeld'w
man and I were sitting together ai&s
Evans. came 'up" and: looked oit o
our window. Evans, Newman, Mac
hatton and.I then got. off the =
Watson was :either getting t or
about to do-so behind us wh f look--,
ed back and saWf. him. :
"tJust after alighting" I hea,
volley of rifle shots from ,a
on the other side of the -ci:t eas'
above the train.. . LIoidg around
I could see a bunch of about twelve
e efteen amen-stadndinglin solid;.i
r:o shoulder to shoulder, shoot-'
ig directly at us. They were-fifty
or seventy-five feet away.
"Thecoach cut off iy view so3
could not seelhowinany bandits there
were.- The. depth 'of the cut on ther
side near Santa Ysab-I river at-hia
point was about two feet.- On :the :
other side it was much greater. Tcd
the rear of the train was an embank;f
ment declining towards the .riv:.:;
~."Watson, after getting of:rana to- "
wards the river. 'Mabhattona nd~
followed. Machatton felt. I d notk1- s
know whether -he 'was killca' then ond
tripped. Watson kept ur' ng and
they, were sti shooting at . Mn: w -e
I turned and ran down gin :,where
I fell in some brush proba~bly' ozie
hundred- feet from the rerr of the
"I lay there perfectT quets and
looked around and could see~the:Mex
Icans shooting -in' the'di 4tOn i
which Watson was running.. I tiaW.
that they were. not shooting sat mnet
and, thinking they believed me al
ready- dead, 1 .took- a chance sn&
crawled Into some thicker bushesLS
"I crawled thiotigh the bushes un
til I reached the bank of the stream.92
I then -made my way to a point prol
ably one hundred yards from 'the
train. There I lay under the, bank
for half an hour and heard shots by.
ones, twos and. threes. I did nothqaz
Iany sort of groans .or :yells -or cries
from our Americans. Then I'con-.
tinned farther under the bank, wad-.
ing the stream part of the time until
1 reached a point probably two .hun
-dred yards from the train. There .1
remained half or three-quarters of an
"Later after going .to several-ranch
houtres and picking my way cautious
ly for several miles, I met up with ani
uniknown Mexican who directed me to
Chinuah-ua City. I reached Chihua
hua City Tuesday -morning at about
seven-thirty. The foregoing facts are
of my personal knowledge."
Arrivals from Chihuahua City said
that a troop train of twenty.. cars,
donveying between diye hundred and.
one thousand Carranza :troops; had
preceded the mining .companrspecial'
by about fifteen minutes. The- en
gine and two cars'of this train were
said to have been derailed by jhe
bandits in order to stop the passen
ger train of Americans. What be
came of the Carranza soldiers, If they
were in the military train, could -not
Reports of those arriving from
Chihuahua were to the effect that
the body of each victim bears a bul-'
let wound in the forehead in addition
to other 'wounds. It was said that
the head of C. R. -Watson was com
pletely blown off.
One Chihuahua passenger said, the -
mining company's train had been pre
ceded by -a Carranza troop train and
that the two trains were traveling
ten miles apart. At one p.. n. Men
day it was reported to Chihuahua
that the troop train was deralledi In- -
a canyon and at fnur o'clock reports
of the holdup of the passenger. train
were received according --1o6 this
story. At seven o'clock. this -passeni
ger said, the passenger trair, with a
number of Mexicans, women and chil
dren, aboard returned to Chihuahua
City with -the first news of the mas
-Other passengers are reported as
having said that when Yaqui Indians
made a rush for Mexicans on the -
mining special the bandits warded
off their attack and saved their fel
Blesides the reported presen-e
among the bandits of Gen. Pablo
Lopez, the Yaqui chief, a Gen. Reyna
was reported by the conductor~ of the
train as having placed him under
guard when he alighted to investi
gate the derairment of the tr-rop train
head. The affidavit of the'conduc-<
tor, J. Gadidelupe Garder.a. regard
ing the tragedy was given Il e Brit
ish consul at Chihuahua C.ty and
telegraphed the Pritish c nsular
-gent, H. C. -Myles, in El Pa-o- In
.mbtance it follows:
"The train arrived at Santa Ysabel -
at one-fifteen p. m. Arriviug at Kilo
uetre 68, eight kilometres beyond
Santa Y'sabel. we encountered a train,
.ngine No. 57 off the track. When
I got off to see what had happened
he shooting started.
"Afterwards Gen. Rieyna came up
nd pianrd us uinder g?uard. searching
'13 and also searciLg the car. All
he money on the passengers and.
-.ie car was taken. After this liad
ak'en place we left, the Aaericans
aving been killed.
'Somoe of the foreigners were first
hot on the train, and a nunber, In
luding one Mexican, who'~ were
ounded in the car, were taken off
md nurdered. Some of them: Jump
d off the train and ran towards the
iver. Igese included Watson. They