Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXVIII. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 1916. NO.27
^R.;ICH AND FRENCH CONTINUI
REPORT STEADY ADVANCE
Continue Efforts Around Verdun--Il
tensity of the Great_ Battle Does No
Diminish Any During Sunday.
London.-All through the night ani
Sunday the great British and Frencl
cffensive which began Saturday morn
ing in the Somme and Ancre sector
continued with intensity. Both Britis]
and French War Offices report I
steady advance at certain points, bu
speak also of the formidable Germal
Flicourt, an Important town, three
miles East of Albert, has fallen to thi
SBrit:h arms, while the French have
t:cn Gurla, which lies to the South
east. The fighting at the souther
erd of the British line, where it is Ii
ca.ntact with the French, is of the
fiercest nature tremendous artillerl
actions preceding all infantary at
The French have taken 6,000 pris
oners. according to the latest esti
mates, while the British, though re
porting the capture of 3,500 later de
clared that the estimates were tot
low. 'Owi-g to the nature of the bat
tie, it is n.t doubted that the casual
ties are very high.
Notwithstanding the terrific offen
sive against them in the Somme Rive
region. the Germans have not ceased
in their effort around Verdun. Thel
have bombarded several of the Ver
dun sectors and have launched infan
try attacks against the French trench
es. While Berlin declares that the
Fre-nch attacks against the famoz
T'. amont work were repulsed by cur
tains of fire the French War Offici
announces that this strategic positioi
has been re-captured by the Frenc
forces and is held by them.
Referring to the Anglo-French driv
the Germans official statement say:
that at several points of the firs
line trenches along the Somme th
enemy forces gained success and wer
able to advance. A German divisio
in this sector had to be withdrawn.
BANDITS DRIVE HORSES
FROM BORDER RANCH
Troops Face Each Other Across Rivei
and Sentries Exchange Shots.
San Antonio, Tex.-Captain Lero3
Eltinge with two troops of the Eight
Cavalry searched the country on the
Mexican side of the river opposit
Fort'Hancock. Texas, for bandits who
fled back into Mexico., after raidini
the American side. It was reported he
bad returned to the American side of
the river, having lost 'the trail of thi
The best information obtainable in
dicated there were eight Mexicans ix
the raiding party which drove off
few headl of horses and cattle from a
ranch 54 miles southeast of El Paso.
Lieutenant tardy with only part of
one troop fiollowed their trail toa
-point where it ended at the river, and
Captain Eltinge, several hours latei
arrived with two troops from El Pas(
to make an investigation and to con
sinue the pursuit it he cornsidered it ad
'visable. fle was instructed not to pre
cipitate a clash with Mexican troop:
if it could be avoided.
All reports received nat Gen. Fun
ston's headquarters indicated nothina
more exciting along the internationa
line than the exchanging of shots be
tween sentries at Nogales. *Apparent
ly no early offensive by the concen
trated forces of the Mexicans in fron
of General Pershing's positions wa:
All officers commanding tlhe troopi
along the L.700 miles of border arn
cautioned to avoid clashes with th1
Mexican troops that face them, bu
the recurrence of such incidents a
that at Nogales has caused staff offi
cers to fear that something may hap
pen at any time that may serve at
the basis for further complicating the
BIGGEST EVER VOTEI
Washington.-Approval of a con
forence report on the biggest fortifica
tions appropriation bill ever sent t
the White House was voted by th
house and senate. It carries $25,748
050 in casla appropriations and $13
800.000 for authorized contracts. Th
senate added $4,SS84.050 to the hous,
total, largely increasing items for ri
HIS ARMY ALONG BORDEI
San Antonio, Texas.-While tha
war department was moving Into th<
frontier thousands of the Nationa
Guardsmen. General Obregon, Carrar
za's minister of war, was engaged il
strengthening the border army. Mi
nor changes were directed by him il
his armies that now are quartered i:
force in almost all northern cities, e3
cept a few that lie under the Amerj
van guns. at-cording to informationl a
Fort Sam Houston.
Songs Develop National Spirit.
It seems strange that the world ha
not done more with singing, that il
with popular singing. In this regar
we are far behind some of the othe
nations, for example, the German
They have many choral societies,
which they sing songs of the fathe
land, and do much to develop the n
Teaspoon Not to Be Trusted.
The teaspoon is unreliable as a
means of measuring a dose. It va
gles from sixty to ninety mtp1ima.
TO COMPLETE WORK q
Financial Preparedness Pro
gram Includes Half a Billion 1
for Neutral Defense. House a
Takes Up Work on Revenue *
ARMY AND NAVY BILLS
PRINCIPLE IN SENATE t
ndlcations Are That Senate Will t
Largely Accept Proposed Increases. T
L -Dispose of Agricultural Bill Soon. V
Washington.-Congress is preparing
3 to complete its program of financial a
i preparedness with every indication s
L that appropriations this session will q
t aggregate considerably more than a t2
billion and a half dollars, at last half p
a billion of which will be for national si
According to estimates based on
figures compiled y Chairman Fitz
gerald, of the House Appropriations
Committee, and Increases put into
pending measures by senate commit
tees, the grand appropriation total
may reach $1,650,000.000 exceeding by
more than $500,000,000 the record of C
any previous congress.
Last -week Representative Fitzger
ald submitted a statement to the ai
House showing that the gynd total a
for the present Congress based on bills t<
passed and pending. would reach near- ii
ly $1,500,000,000. Since then the Sen- v:
ate Naval Committee has added near- ci
ly $50,000,000 to the naval bill, and si
the military committee has increased al
the $182,000,000 army appropriation O
measure by approximately $100,000,-. u;
Army and Navy Lead. o0
The principal appropriation meas- al
ures awaiting senate consideration ei
are the army and navy bills. As
amended in committee they carry h,
$282,000,000 and $315,826,843, respec- ja
tively, and together with the fortifica- a:
tions bill, which has passed both si
houses, would appropriate for national A
defense more than $622,000,000. There si
is every indication that the senate le
will accept the major part of the pro- d,
posed army and navy increases but 16
conferences probably will pare some si
of them down. io
The senate plans to take up the w
naval bill as soon as the agricultural a1
bill is out of the way probably within p'
I a few days. The big building pro- e3
gram for 1917 and the provision for a
three-year construction policy pxpb- L
ably will mean a debate of several
weeks. Meantime the army bill will
come from committee and an effort
may be made to pass it as soon as it S
i is ready, setting aside the naval bill
Ready For Revenue Bill.
With its work on appropriations
nearing completion the House is M
ready to take up the $210,000,000 rev-.
enue bill just introduced. After it isA
passed the house will be marking0
time waiting for the senate to catch
up. Besides several of the big sup
ply measures, the senate has the ship
ping bill, the child labor bill, the $2,-h
000000 militia relief measure. conser-c
vation measures, the immigration bill 0
Kand many minor matters to dispose of. P
If there is to be an adjournment g
in time for the political campaign. tl
Congress leaders believe some of the
measures of the President's legislative e
program must be .sacrinced, probably
the immigrationi and conservation
NAVY IS APPROVED
Committee Recommends Four Dread- '
naughts, Four Battleships and 10 P
ii Capital Ships.
Washington.--Forma~l approval ofC
Sthe increased navy building program
recommended by the senate naval c
committee in amending the annual ap- s
-propriation bill passed by the house e
Is given in a statement issued by Sec- 0
retary Daniels. -A
The committee, besides framing aA
program calling for four dreadnaughts
and four battle cruisers next year
Instead of five battle cruisers, only, as
provided by the house-Wrote into the f
bill provision for completing within
Ithree yea~rs the genemal board's plan
-to add 16 capital ships before 1922.
"It marks a radic'dly new policy in
the enlargement and increase of the
Snavy," said Mr. Daniels' statement. r
"It is the first bill -that has incorpor
~ted a continuing p~licy in the build
Iing of fighting ships. In his annual
message to Congress last December
SPresident Wilson placed emphasis
upon the need of adopting a continu
In a report to the senate on the three I
year, five hundred million dollar navy
building program benastor Swanson
for tihe naval committee, laid stres
on its recommendation that the navy
general board plans be hastened to ?
"lt seemed to the committee." s.ays
th Idreport, "that the program for' five
iyears proposed by the general board
is not suffiolent to bring the naval
-force of the United States to the po
-sition which they ought to hold it
Iamong the navies of the world at an F
early enough period. The commnittee, c
Failure Because of Poverty.
Whenever a man succeeds in spite
of poverty we recognize the wondcr it
Sand eagerly give it acclaim. But the y
failures resulting from poverty we i.
pass over. Indeed, they are so com- |
mon as to be almost uninteresting. |la
W e speak of them by the bulk, in the Iy
I the Wake of Great War.
A great war leaves the country with til
hre armies-an army of cripples, a..
army of mourners and an army c4 t
ierercre, reduced the me covered i
r the program from five to three 1
ears. the committee being convinced
last the soonr we could get an ade
iate navy the better as the navy must
[ways be our first line of defense and
,e have two great coasts to defend."
The building program includes
uilding of 157 ships prior to July 1,
319, 66 of them to be begun as soon
s practicable, including eight capital
lips. Of reorganization of the na
al militia, the report says:
"The committee realized that It
as very important that the naval mi
tia should be put on an equal basis 4
ith the National Guard. Unless this
,as done, the naval militia, which is
ow an important part of our naval es
iblishment, instead of increasing i
ould be lessened, as more Induce. <
tent would be given to enter the Na. I
onal Guard than the naval miltia. .
'he committee recommends legislation I
'hich puts the naval militia upon I
uality with the National Guard.
"It also imposes upon the naval
ilitia the same requirements in re
pect to drill and services that are re
fired for the National Guard. and! F
iey are subject to the call of the!
resident in case of emergency of war.
mitar to the National Guard." t
'L[DGE SERVICE TO
itizens in Various Parts of Mexico
Offer to Enlist for. War.
Mexico City.-Telegrams declaring
hesion to the Carranza Government
ad offering contingents of from 200
> 2,000 men each, continue to pour
tto the Central Government from E
arious parts of the republic while ac
unts of popular mass meetings and
peches against invasion are crowding
1 the telegraph lines. At Tuxtepec. f
axaca, the manifestants, after a pop- ,
lar meeting at which orators spoke
>r war, crowded into the telegraph
'ice and offered the services of all
ble-bodied men of the town to Gen
ral Carranza. r
Meetings of students have been i
eld in Puebla, Queretaro, Quadalar t
Lra, Guadaloupe, Hidalgo, Morelia, t
ad many other points at which adhe
ion to the government was pledged c
s an offset to these warlike demon-'
rations, Mexican women, under the t
adership of Senarita Hermila Galin- E
o, editor of the newspaper, La Mujer a
[oderna, (The Modern Woman), are f
apporting the Women's Peace Party t
New York and have corresponded
ith Margaret Laue of New York in t
a effort to aid in bringing about a t
eaeful solution of the difficulties r
isting between the two nations. t
ANSING ASKS HOUSE
FOR ADDITIONAL FUNDS.
ecretary Wants $300,000 at Once to I
Get Americans Out of
The Appropriations Committee of f
te House faces another phase of the t
:exican trouble. Secretary Lansing r
lled for an additional $300,000 to get s
mericans out of Mexico. In' a mem
-undum dated June 2S accompany
g the estimate he said: t
"The conditions are such at the* C
esent time that, in my opinion, it is
ghly desirable that every American C
tizen should leave Mexico at the
rlest practicable woment. The ap- l
ropriation made heretofore by Con- I
ress for assisting Americans in leav- I
ig Mexico is exhausted, and I urge 1
at the amount above mentioned be 1
ipedited as much as possible." i
ELL OF MEXICANS
FIRING ON OUR SOLDIERS,.1I
Galveston, Texas.-Two American
ilors from the scout cruiser Salem
ere wounded during a clash with I
med Mexicans at Tampico, accord
ig to passengers arriving on the
olvin liner Dade from Vera Cruz.
hey received their informatior. from
assengers on the Ward liner Mont
ey, bound from Tampico to Vera
The Monterey's passengers said. ac
rding to the Dade arrivals, that two
nall boats from the Salem approach-f
I the Tampico jetties and were fired!
a by Mexicans from the shore. The
mericans returned the fire. Two
mericans were slightly injured, they
id, although it could not be learned
bet~her any Meicans had been hit.
MAK [V[ERY [lIO RT
10 PR[V[NT 00N[[ICT
sakes It Plain That He Will
Not Countenance Conflict Un
til There is No Other Alterna
tie For Settling Troubles.
ILLNG TO SACRIFICE
etermined to Carry Out His Convic- i
tions as to What Is Just Course toi
Pursue-Thousands, He Said, Ap
pealng to Him to Maintain Peace.
New York.-President WVilson made
plain in his speech at the New York I
ress Club banquet that lhe will notj
untenance a war with Mtexico until 1
Not a Nation of Singers.
In this country, though we have pro.
iced many fine voices, we have never
|come a nation of singers. There are,
Is true, in most of the leading cities,
iral societies, but the singing of
rge groups of people is ccomparative
uncommon among us. Here is a
atter for regret, for among all !arge
>dies of singers where there has bee'n
ore or less training the effect is beau
El and inspiring. In fact, there aro
w things in music more impressive
an the singing of hundreds of
here is no other alternative for set.
ling the border troubles.
Again he declr'ed that he was
eady to sacrifice I., own political for
unes in order to carry out his con
ictions as to what would be the just
ourse to pursue in the situation.
Bainbridge Colby, who placed The
>dore Roosevelt in nomination for the
>residency at the Progressive Con
rention at Chicago, paid President
Vilson high tribute in an address, but
id not declare unqualifiedly that he
vould support him in the coming
:ampaign, as it was reported he would
In his address President Wilson
"I realize that I have done a very
mprudent thing; I have come to ad
ress this thoughtful company of men
vithout any preparation whatever.
* But gentlemen, as a matter of
act, I have been absorbed by the
esponsibilities which have been so
requently referred to here tonight,
nd that pre-occupation has made it
mpossible for me to forecast even
vhat you would like to hear me talk
Lbout. * -* Mr. Colby said some
hing that was among the few things
had forecast to say myself. He said
hat there are some things which it
s really useless to debate, because
hey go as a matter of course.
"Of course, it is our duty to pre
marc this nation to take care of its
Lonor and of its institutions. Why de
ate any part of that, except the de
all, except the plan itself, which is
"Of course, Qt is the duty of the
overnment which it will never over
ook to defend the territory and peo
le of this country. It goes without
aying that it is the duty of the Ad
ainistration to have constantly in
aind with the utmost sensitiveness
very point of national honor.
"But gentlemen, after you have
aid and accepted these obvious things
our program of action is still to be
rmed. When will you act, and how
ill you act?
"The easiest thing is to strike. The
Brutal thing is the impulsive thim.
o man has to think before he takcs
.ggressive action but before a man
eally conserves the honor by realiz
ng the ideals of the nation, he has
o think exactly what he will do and
ow he will do it.
"Do you think the glory of Ameri
a would be enhanced by a war of
on-uest in Mexico? Do you think
hat any action of violence by a pow
rful nation like this against a weak
nd destructive neighbor would re
ect distinction upon the annals of
he United States?
"Do you think that it is our duty
carry self-defense to a point of dic
ation into the affairs of another peo
le? The ideals of America are writ
en plain upon every page of Ameri
"And I want you to know how fully
realize whose servant I am. I do
ot own the Government of the Unit
d States, even for the time being.
have no right in the use of it to ex
ress my own passions. I have no
ight to express my own ambitions
Dr the deevlopment of America if
hose ambitions are not coincident
,ith the ambitions of the nation It
"And I have constantly to remind
2yself that I am not the servant of
those who wish to enhance the value
f their Mexican investments, that I
m the servant of the rank and file
f the people of the United States.
I get a great many letters, my fel
w citizens, from important and in
ential men in this country, but I
et a great many other letters. I get
atters from unknown men. from hum
l women, from people whose names
ae never been heard and never will
e recorded and there is but one
rayer in all of these l.etters 'Mr.
'resident, do not allow anybody to
ersuade you that the people of this
ountry want war with anybody.'
" got off a train yesterday and as
was bidding bood-bye to the engi
ieer, he said In an undertone, 'Mr.
President, keep out of Mexico.' And
f one man has said that to me a
housand have said it to me as I
ive moved about the country.
"If I had opportunity to engage
hem further in conversation they say
of course. we know that you cannot
overn the circumstan'ces of the case
titogether, and it may be necessary,
)ut for God's sake, do not do it unless
t s necessary.'
I am for the time being the spokes
nan of such people, gentlemen. I
rve nt read history without observ
ng that the greatest forces in the
vorld and the only permanent forces
Lre the moral forces. * *
"Force will not accomplish any
hing that is permanent I venture to
ayy, in the great struggle which is
oing on on the other side of the sea.
rhe permanent things will be accom
>dished afterward when the opinion
if mankind is brought to bear upon
he issues, and the only thing that
villl hold the world steady is this
ane silent, insistent, all-powerful
pinion of mankind.
"Force can sometimes hold things
teady until opinion has time to form.
ut no force that was ever exerted ex
ept in response to that opinion .was
er a conquering and predominant
" think the sentence in American
Listory that I myself am proudest of
s that in the introductory sentences
>f the Declaration of Independence
t-here the writers say that a due re
pct for the opinion of mankind de
nands that they state the reasons for
vhhatthey are about to do. I venture
o say that a decent respect for the
pinions of- mankind demanded that
hose who started the present Euro
Cut This Out.
Each year come many questions re
arring the care and culture of swee'
>ea but for terseness nothing couN
surpass the brief statement made b3
i very successful grower in England
-Tench deeply, manure liberally
lant thinly, stake quickly, water early
mdd dispod promptly."
There is sometimes more tc::
eardd from the physician than to-~
pean war soulm have stated their
reasons ,but they did not pay any
heed to the opinion of mankind and
the reckoning will come when the
"So, gentlemen. I am willing no
matter what my personal fortunes
may be to play for the verdict of man
kind. Personally, It will be a matter
of indifference to me what the verdict
on the seventh of November is provid
ed I feel any degree of confidence
that when a latter jury sits I shall
get their judgment in my favor. Not <
my favor, personally-what difference
does that make? but in my favor as
an honest and conscientious spokes
man of a great national convention.
"There are some gentlemen who are
under the delusion that the power of
a nation comes from the top. It does b
not. It comes from the bottom."
TO SUPPRESS NEWS OF
Washingtoh-Secretary Baker an
nounced that orders have been sent
to all department army commanders
to suppress all news concerning troop
The order follows: "In view of the
movements en route to the Texas bor
der or in Texas might result in some
malicious act that might seriously
hamper these movements and also
might result in unneceysnry loss of
life among the troops, it is directed
that all concerned be instructed to
the effect that no information as to
movements of troops is to be given
to representatives of the press or any
individuals other than the officials of
the railroads concerned or the repre
sentatives of the American Railway
association located at the various de
partment headquarters and mobiliza
tion and concentration points."
The department also announced
that National Guard organizations
which start for the border without
full complements of field transporta
tion will be supplied by Gen. Funston
upon reaching the border.
MEXICANS SEIZE MUCH
GOLD AND SILVER BULLION
Washington.-The state department
was officially advised that gold and 4
silver bullion belonging to Americans I
and seized by local Mexican authori
ties at Manzanillo totaled nearly.$500,- t
000. The seizures were reported to 1
have begun before the Carrizal inci
dent. A protest already has been
made to Gen. Carranza.
Reports 'of continued seizures ,in
various parts of Mexico reached the <
department during the day. In most E
cases the property has been left be- <
hind by Americans fleeing from the c
country. There has been no indica
tion that the local authorities acted I
on instructions from Mexico City, but 4
no reply has been received ito the rep
resentations made several days ago
to Gen. Carranza.
First Troops at Border. (
San Antonio, Tex.-The First Illi
nois infantry, Col. Sanborne command
ing, arrived at Fort Sam Houston and <
went into camp. The Seventh New 1
York regiment also passed through i
San Antonio en route to stations in a
the Brownsrille district. Other New
York regiments. including the Seven- I
ty-firt, are expected shortly.
What a Library Is For.
Librarian Wheeler of the Reubeni
McMillan institution says too manyi
persons look upon a library In the(
wrong- light. "Think of it as a great<
many books scattered about the city.
and don't consider it merely a build-<
ing," he says. This Is good advice,.]
well expressed. But a small percent
age of us appreciate the library or (
take advantage of its opportunities. I
A stranger in a city who has not ac-I
cess to clubs finds two places always I
open to him--the public library andc
the saloons. If he Is the right kind of
man he seeks out the former. He gets
education and recreation there. To see
the hundreds assembled in the reading
rooms of a public library in one of the
large cities of the West where therei
are many transients is an education 1
in the use of the library. It can be
made .iust as useful to a man at home.
Dont look upon It as a mere place
with four walls outside and furnIsh- ~
Ings inside. A person who would con- r
sider a theater only as a place where f
there is a stage and a collection of ~
seats would be considered foolish. Yet I
thats the view often taken of the li'
brary that invites your company.-- ~
Swords for British Soldiers.
Sword manufacturers are very busy,
and in Sheffield, England, they use the j
old method of hand forging which pro
duces a more satisfactory blade, t
though at a slower rate, than where
machinery Is employed. Now, how- ~
ever, says a Manchester newspaper. c
a Sheffield firm of engineers has com
pleted an installation of plant for
rolling cavalry swords, the first ma- t
chinery of its kind in the city. Before
the war government factories were
equipped with this class of machinery,.
and the copying of the design for use
by manufacturers of swords has now
been permitted. b
Has Twins Three Times.
Mrs. Frank E. Walter, wife of a
local cement contractor, has presented t
to her husband twins, both boys, and
there are nowy six twin boys in thea
family. Two, Paul and Joseph. are
three years old and the next two, Leon
and Carl. eighteen months old.
That twins should be born into a
family three times consecutively in
ssuch a brief space o-f time is consid
ered remarkable. The family now con
sists of twelve children.
Sheep as Weather Prophets.
Shepherds say that the wool of the
sheep furtiishes an excellent indica.. t(
tion of weather changes. When it is ti
crisp there will be no rain; when it al
ss limp ano feels very soft to the touch
astorm is imminenit.
Neutrality for Him. c<
Prisoner ton being asked, "What q
say you. 'Guilty' or 'Not guilty?'")-u
Me Lud, 1 (cave it to the learned 0
counsels to fight it out between *cm. t
OF INTEREST TO ALL SOUTH
Gov., Manning was busy at Camp
[oore with the troops and did not at
end the political campaign meeting
The movement of the cantaloupe
rop from South Carolina to Northern
markets has begun. Heavy ship
ments are being made from Cave,
:line, Blackville.- Barnwell and
Rumors at Camp Styx says, and the
tory is interesting if true, that in the
vent of a call for volunteers, Col. W.
V. Lewis of York, formerly command
r of the First regiment, will be in
ited to form a volunteer regiment.
The Boy Scouts of Union have wir
d Gov. Manning saying that they
old themselves In readiness to serve
i any capacity needed by the state or
he nation. The telegram was signed
y troop leader Sarratat T. Hames.
The, proposed sale of the Hampton
roup of cotton mills by the Parker
otton Mills Company to Lockwood,
-reene & Co., for $2,555,000 was indefi
itely postponed by action of Associ
te Justice Watts of the state su
reme court in issuing an order of
The Conway city council has called
special election to be held Tuesday,
uly 25, on the question of 'voting
oupen bonds of the town of Conway
o the amount not exceeding $40,000,
ayable within 40 years with the priv
ege of redemption 20 years after the
ate of issue.
Two bath houses have just been
onstructed by the Orr Cotton Mills
a Anderson for the employees of that
orporation. Each is equipped with
ve shower baths, ample rest and
waiting rooms and adequate J>ilet
acilities. One is for the men and the
other for the women.
When the conferees on the sundry
vil bill met the item of $6,000 for
he enlargement of the Orangeburg
ish hatchery, which the senate put in
he bill at the request of Senator'Tim
an, was knocked out, the conferees
n the part of the house not being
illing to agree to it.
Adjutant General Moore having
ommissioned J. M. Johnson, a civil
ngineer of Marion, to organize a
ompany of engineers which is much
esired by the United States govern
ment, Mr. Johnson has had printed the
ollowing circular and is giving them
Listribution: "Men wanted for com
iany engineers, National Guard."
The contract for the construction of
he manual arts school building of the
Tester public schools was let to a
onstruction company of Columbia.
he contract calls for the completion
f the structure by October 1. This
uilding will be a handsome and com
odious one, two stories in height,
rith a basement, and will be of red
iressed brick. The brick will be put
gether with dark mortar. It will
Among the newspaper men at Camp
ityx, not in their professional capac
ties but as soldiers, are: Robert E.I
onales of The State, machine gun
mpaly, Second regiment; John Elli
'tt Puckett of The State, Troop A,
alvary (Charleston Light Dragoons);
~loyd Littlejohn of the Charleston
ews and Courier, Troop A, ca?sary
sergeant); H. A. Boggs of the Char
ston Evening Post, Washington
ight Infantry, Second regiment; Clef
ent I4111 of the Anderson Intelligen
er, machine gun company, First regi
The Orangeburg Packing company
as been organized with a capital of
200,000, of which amount $178,000 has
een subscribed. The plant will be
cated in or near the city of Orange
urg. The officers of the Orangeburg
'acking company are: Perry M.
moak, president; Mortimer 0. Dant
ler, vice-president; John .W. Stro
ian. secretary and treasurer. The
>owing hoard of active directors was
lected: James M. Green. Robert
.ide, W. Laurie Mosley, J. Stokes
alley, Perry M. Wannamaker and
r Jacob G. Wannamaker.
OUTH CAROLINA NEWS ITEMS.
Columbia will celebrate a "Hayvest
ubilee" this fall.
E. J. Watson. secretary of agricul
ire, commerce and industries, is pre
aring for general distribution a cir
lar of information, relative to
unty fairs to be held in South Car
ina this fall. Mr. Watson Is mall
ig letters into all counties, urging
iat dates- for county fairs be filed
'ith him at once, along with the.
ames of the pres:dent and secretary
There are over 16,000 railway em.
Ioyees in South Carolina, 500 of them
Representative Lever made a fight
the house to increase the fgund for
inting farmers' bulletins and asked
at $50000 be appro,priated for this
ork in order that the department of
rriculture might properly distribute
rem. He met with strong oppos~tion
'am Representative Fiitzgerald of New
rk. chairman of the appropriations]
the house to increase the fund fori
mmniiee. but Mr. Lever was succe-.:s
Ll and the matter wvas carried
Rain Unequally Distributed.
The heaviest rains occur in equa
rial regions, and the smallest quanti
es fall in the desert districts of Asia
Why We Count in Ten~s.
Because we have ten fingers wc
nt il tens; therefore, for ease and1
ickness of reckoning all our meas-d
eenets should be in tens. Then, in d
-er to reckon, we should only have t
use the very simple method which z
larn when we study decimals. r
CLOWNS AND CUPID
By LOUISE OLIVER.
Miss Lynda looked furtively at her c
niece in the pew beside her, then side
ways across the aisle to where the
Langleys sat. Billy was there with,
his father, and the fact that his clear
young tenor voice was as silent dur
ing the singing of the hymn as Sara's k
own sweet soprano confirmed her sus
picions of two days' standing. There
had been a quarrel.
"Bless their hearts," she sympa- b
thized, with her thoughts miles away
from the song. "I wonder what the
trouble is." And her eyes, roving b
away from her book as though in
search of the cause, found it. h
There he was-the stranger-in a
pew just ahead to the right.
"Humph!" concluded Miss Lynda .t
with Involuntary contempt, "I'll bet r
that circus agent who has been here
a week and walked home with Sara
the other night is to blame for the
whole thing. She is a goose! I'll bet,
too, that he won't walk home with her h
after the sermon, either, if I can help ,
it. Not if I am in as good health as
I am this minute, he won't!"
The hymn closed and the sermon
began. Miss Lynda heard none of it. a
Her thoughts were busy. "There will S
have to be something done," she kept h
saying to herself. "Poor things!" she
sighed, and glanced again at Sara.
Her thoughts continued: "Of course h
talking to them will do about as much
good as trying to put out a fire with
gasoline, they are both so touchy. But e
there ought to be some way! The
circus Is Tuesday and Billy was to
take her, but he won't now. I believe g
I have the faint glimmering of a plan! f
Yes, I have-the very thing!"
And that afternoon she called Bil
ly's father on the 'phone. After Lang
ley concluded with: "It's bad business
for young men to lose their heads and
leave town, isn't it, Lynda? You and
I know that, don't we?"
"Yes, indeed, *e should, Henry," 1
she answered. "Now don't forget In
On Tuesday, at luncheon, Miss Lyn- 1
da said casually over a forkful of
salad, "I think I'll go up to Potter's
and exchange those gloves before cir
cus time." e
"All right," agreed Sara, languidly. t
"I'll go with you."
Now this was exactly what Miss
Lynda did not want. But she diplo- e
matically waited a moment before an
swering: "I thought maybe you
wouldn't mind taking those booties
I've just finished over to the new Mar
tin baby. I'd do it only it's the other
"Certainly I'll go, auntie, but we'll
never get seats together unless we
"I've thought of that. Tickets are
on sale at Lynn's bookstore and I'll d
stop in and get our two together. I
can leave yours for you."
At lunch Mr. Henry Langley said to
his moody son over a chop: "Billy, I
can't get away until the last second, c
so on my way downtown I'll stop at
Lynn's and get the tickets and leave
one for you with--your name on it."
"Very well, dad."
A little clever juggling of tickets be
tween the two older people and the c
estranged lovers found themselves to
The procession was starting around h
the ring with a blare of trumpets and
a band. The look of indignation on
Sara's face and the amazement and k
perplexity on Billy's were instantly h
arrested. Primal instincts were oblit-.
erated in the niagical parade beforeb
them, a glittering pageant of fairest
magnifc'ent royalty, gorgeous Orfen-t
tals, races of five colors, animals of
all countries, with trappings right out,
of the "Arabian Nights" and music l
calculated to lure the genii of Aladdin a
right into the big tent.
Billy watched and munched. Sara.
giving herself up to the delights of the h
biggest show on earth. forgot her
neighbor and gazed intently at the
spectacle. The romp in the rings be
gan, and heads were turning like
knobs on pivots trying to see every
hing at once. Bears rode bicycles,
lephants had a ball game, ponies
were living pictures, Chinamen spun r~
by their hair, equestrians did stunts' m
ind acrobats risked their lives. b1
Then came the clowns, a whole dos
en of them, with their ridiculous j it
reys, baby buggies, airships and pa-,d
:rol wagons. Billy let out a snort of:c
lee and Sara tittered. Another threw m
rubber rock on an invisible string in d
:heir direction, and as they both si
lodged they bumped heads. The mis
ite retreated after coming within a
root of them. Sara screamed andb
:hen laughed .hysterically. She felta
hat she would go crazy if she
:ouldn't say something to somebody. c
What was that? Billy was slapping f
is knee and declaring that something
as "rich." Evidently he was feeling m
he same way, when he was babbling
What silly geese they had been to t
iuarrel, and what a gay, funny world ta
t was after all.
Along came a steam roller which
-an over rubes. Sara began to giggle
rgain and Billy looked sidewise. Their!
ayes met in a rapture of merriment.m
"Is-isn't it silly?" laughed Sara,
'eaching for her handkerchief. Billy
:aught the hand and gave it a surrep- dc
:itious squeeze. "Best thing I ever ce
aw!" he agreed enthusiastically. "I
as just wondering if we couldn't
aunt up our agent friend and get him
ni front of that roller!" with a grin.
Lt'5 forget him!" proposed Sara. e
Copyright, 15. by the McClure Newspa- e
Nothing so Dores a bright woman ar
:o nave a man tutor her on science or y
oiitics-ana nothing so flatters a d-1 iP
Unreasonable. . jPr
Muh wife am de most puhsistent
idy ever seed in all muh bawn
ays sah!" complained Brother Ram
iddy. "Why, looky: We been mar'd
tree yeahs now, and she's still ain' as
ie to buy her a new hat!"-Kansasa.
iLAD TO BE OF USE
ICH WOMAN REALLY WANTED
TO HELP HER NEIGHBOR.
ffer Touched Victim of Accident
More Than All the Condolences
and Offers of Assistance She,
in a Measure, Expected.
It was Sunday morning. Pa Jen
ins, wearing a kitchen apron, shirt
eeves rolled up and his arms cov
red to the elbow with flour, stood at
ie kitchen table trying to make
read. Ma sat nearby and directed
"To think I had to go and slip and
reak that arm on -a Saturday," be
Loaned ma, gazing disapprovingly at
er bandaged right arm, "and leave us
ithout any fresh baking for Sunday"
"Well, your little ,.. .lliam Is ort
Le job," cheerfully c .ah pa. "S'long's
ve got any muscle -:e'll have bread."
Ce kneaded with added energy.
"You must not work It as hard as
lat," declared ma. "Now cut it into.
feces and make loaves and then it'll
ave to rise again. No-not like that.
hat won't make a nice-shaped loaf."
"What's shape if it's good to eat?"
iquired pa. "You just stop worrying,
La. Everything's going to be all right'
ad you'd better lie down. a while.
oon's I get this dough stuff off my
ands I'll make the beds."
"I do hope nobody'll come in today,"
issed ma, thinking of the undusted
ouse and her inability to provide re
-es-.ments. Pa meant well and was
Lone than willing to "do his durned
st," but of course he couldn't do
And company came! Word had
one abroad that Ma Jenkins. had auf
,red an accident, so everybody called
-all the neighbors and club women.
ad members of the Ladie' Aid, and
ie minister's wife and mother-In
Some brought flowers and others
rought such substantials as healthy'"'
>oking veal loaf, two beautiful loaves
f homemade whole wheat bread, a S
ouple of pans 6f home-baked rolls, a
uge loaf of white bread, a plateful of
iscious looking currant jelly tarts,
lasses of jelly and jars of fruit and
ookles galore. Besides the Sowers
nd the "eats" all brought condol
nces and thrilling tales of accidents
hat had happened in other families,
elated with much painful detail.
Finally the callers had all depart$
icept one middle-aged, plainly
owned woman whose limousine was
rating for her. She was a member
f ma's church-a wealthy woman,
rho seldom had anything to say and
rho, rumor said, had started life in
ery poor circumstances.
She had brought neither flowers nor-7
ake, and while others talked she sat
lent, looking her sympathy for ma.
hen they were alone-pa had gone
own cellar to attend to the furnace
ie began to speak, hesitatingly, as If
. was diffcult to find words to ex
ress -her feeings.
"I didn't know there'd be so many
allers, right away," said the rich
oman. "And I didn't think of bring
tg anything-like the rest did. - 'm
tther slow thinking about tbines that -
ay. But I did think that I might
>e in and 'fix up' your house. 'I'm
yod at that."
"Now that's kind of you," .answered
a, "but pa's awful handy around the
"But a man isn't like a woman to'do
tings," answered the caller, "and I
sow how a woman feels about her
ause. Now there's the kitchen floor.
ouldn't I scrub that for you. Let me
a of some use."
"I was simply dumfounded," said ma
>pa, afterward. "Bu't she really
eant it. And she's going to send one
her maids over tomorrow to stay as
ng as we need her. Now who'd think
woman as rich as that would want
scrub my kitchen floor for me?"
"Even money can't keep a good
art down," sententiously stated pa.
ay, that was a dinged good batch
bread I turned out, all-right-all-right,
>w wasn't it?"-Philadelphia Bulle
Measuring Human Energy.
The servant of the future will be
compensed not for the time con
Emed in performing a household task,
it according to the human energy
quired, if the studies now under way
the home economics division of the
partment of agrictilture are suc
ssful. These studies are made by
eans of a calorimeter, which Is a
uble-walled chamber, in which the
.bject for study is securely sealed up.
rery exertion made by the person
side of the calorimeter increases the
dily heat which Is registered in cal
ic units. Even the process of breath
g consumes from 15,000 to 20,000
loic units in a day. A woman do
g some light work such as dishwash
g may register 25,000. Heavier work
my increase the consumption of en
gy to 60,000 or 70,000, according to
e individual. In this way the actual
:ount of "work" required for any
k can be accurately measured.
"If I had my way," said the positive
man, "I'd make every unmarried
in pay a special tax."
'What would be the use?" rejoined
.ss Cayenne. "Any man who can
dge matrimony would surely suc
ed in dodging his tax."
Visitor-Do you give your dog any
Dwner-Yes, he goes for a tramp
New Cause for Worry
An Indiana man claims to have in.
ted a photographic machine that
11 take an object at a distance ol
o miles, on a dark night. There will
no escaping the snapshot fiend --
ed with that frightful camera.
[ife never seems so c'lear and ensY
when the heart is beating ''
the sight of some generous, sci
kring Aee.-George Eliot.