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THE MANNING TIMES
L I." APPELT-..------------------------------------------ - Editor
F. M. SHOPE----------------------------------Business Manager
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 30, 1917.
Down with the food hog! Put him in the pen with
the rest of the swine.
It is not necessary to be stingy or resort to parsimony
in your personal or household expenditures, but it is
highly essential that every person refrain from extrava
gance or waste of any nature while we are at wai' with
a powerful foreign country.
Foreign missions continue to pour into the United
States, and as a result, AmeL. an gold continues to pour
out--or rather, it is loaned to the allies and spent in this
country for supplies that are to be sent abroad to win
the war. There is no bottom to the American purse when
the cause of humanity is at stake.
The government will avoid a lot of future trouble if it
clamps the price regulation lid onto every article of home
consumption. The farmer, the manufacturer and ' the
laborer should be guaranteed a reasonable and just price
for his toil, the consumer should be amply protected
against gouging, and the speculator and price booster
should be kicked to hides, where he belongs.
A few United States senators and congressmen an
nounce their intention to enlist in the navy or the marine
corps. This is interesting and commendable. It would,
however, be more interesting and more commendable if
they were to enlist in the army and go to the trenches,
where shells will be thicker and death more frequent.
But as a sound and patriotic proposition, their place is
right in congress, where they can be of greater benefit
to their country.
Is our congress going to say that it is only the lives of
our boys that are owing to their country in this crisis?
Is there something yet more precious that must not be
laid on the altar? Is the wealth of our money lords too
sacred to be touched without gilt-edged notes, bonds and
Perish the thought! Will red blooded Americans who
are ready to give their lives for their country consent
to give those lives in defense of the money bags of the
Shylocks? Not unless those bags are opened wide to the
Two thousand years ago a poor woman dropped into
the contribution chest her "mite"-but it was her all.
At the same time the rich and powerful gave princely
sums, yet the Master Teacher declared her gift to be
greater than theirs.
Many a sorrowing mother will be called upon in the
days to come for her "mite"-her brave young son. Fath
ers are asked to surrender the sons upon whom they
hoped to lean in the helplessness of age. Are these sac
rifices to be made that the miser's hoard may be safe?
.Conscript incomes! Conscript wealth wherever found,
if necessary, to the prosecution of the wvar.
In God's name, are the plutocrats who have fattened
on the public for generations to still be regarded as a
"privileged class" when the life of our nation and its
people are at stake?
Conscript the incomes! Let the Shylocks lay their
wealth where the poor1 man lays his life.
LET UTILITY RUN THE FAIRS.
.In the preparations for the various state and county
fairs to be held this fall, it will be well if we all stop and
consider the question of exhibits.
Heretofore exhibitors at these fairs have been inspired
by the controlling ambition-to have the best p~ossible
specimen on exhibition, frequently regardless of the cost.
This year the item of cost should receive careful at
texht. Especially is this true in the case of live stock
If there wer e any means of ascertaining the amount of
feed consumed in this country annually by "show" stock,
with little if any return in actual market value, we would
doubtless be amazed at the quantity. Stock of all kinds~
-horses, cattle, sheep, hogs and poultry-are fed upI,
petted and p)amp~eredl, with no p~urplose of real efficiency
or actual market value, but p)urely for show. And fre
.quently the cost of .producing the specimen is out of all
proportion to the real value.
Such a piractice should be dliscouraged this year. No
person should lavish feed and care upon any animal with
any other object in view save to get a bona fide return
in dollars and cents-that is, in actual value that could
be converted into money, and that at a p~rofit.
For instance, the average hog reaches the maximum
of profitable growth at from 400 to 500 pounds. Fre
quently any additional weight is procured not only with
out profit, but at a loss. The same holds good in other
*The object to be aimed at this year is to see that every
dollar's worth of feed consumed shall yield more than
a dollar's worth of the animal to which it is fed. Any
other course is waste, which is inexcusable while our
country is at war and sorely in need of every ounce of
Let the prize stock pass for this year. Feed for re
turns in ACTUAL VALUE.
ARMY 'AND .NAVY
Pershing Will be Made a Lieutepant
General and Sims a Vice
FOR REASONS OF DIGNITY
Otiferwise They Would be Outranked
by Practically Every Foreign
Washinigton, May 27.-Announce
ment that iPresident Wilson will con
fer upon Major Gen. Pershing the
rank of lieutenant general, during
the service of this distinguished sol
dier at the head of the American
troops soon to go to France, has been
followed almost immediately by the
'information that Rear Admiral W. S.
Sinis'has been named as vice admiral
while in command of this country's
warships in European waters.
The reason for this is not merely
that the men entrusted with the most
serious military and naval jobs we
have on hand shall be ranked and
paid in accordance with the, import
ance of these responsibilities. In ad
dition to the obligation of right and
justice towards the officers themselves
in that respect, there is the national
dignity to maintain. If the respective
ranks of lieutenant general and vice
admiral had not been given to Per
shing and Sims for the period Qf their
service in the foreign fields of war
fare, each would have been outranked
by practically every foreign com
mander of a division or a flotilla.
Navy Ahead in Standardizing.
Our navy has made much more
progress during the past few years
in getting its titles into harmony with
the mdderh standard than has the
army. Of course, the thing has to be
done by Congress, in the shape of
changes in the laws establishing the
various grades, their authority, and
their compensation; but the congres
sional action necessary to make these
changes usually reflects the amount
of energy with which they have been
urged by the war and navy experts
and by the civilian secretaries of those
In the navy the fine old title of
commodore was dropped some years
ago and was replaced with the rank
of rear admiral of the lower grade
The first nine rear admirals receive
approximately $8,000 a year; those
below the first nine, including the
officers who would under the former
system have been active commodores,
receive approximately $6,000. Great
Britain is the only other naval power
of importance retaining the title of
commodore in active service.
There are no brigadier generals, ex
cept by honorary and temporary des
ignation, in any army in the world but
ours. Where we give active officers
the title of brigadier general, the
British and the other great nations
give the title of major general or
something similar; but they have two,
grades under the major general head,
just as wve have two grades under
the rear admiral head, and those of
the lower grade correspondl to our
b~rigadliers, just as those below the
first nine rear admirals correspond to
the former commodores. One of the
first things we should do, military
non hold, if wve would avoid embar
~assment over amy titles .behind the
imes, is to abolish brigadier general
~hips and make all the~ men nowv hold
hat ra'nk major generals of the lower
Some Other Comparisons.
When Admiral Dewecy dIied, his rank
>f "Admiral of the Navy" dliedl with
uim, and could be restored only by
ict of Congress. , That rank carries
ay of $13,500 per annum. It corre
plonds to the non-existent rank' of
~eneral in the army. The rank of
PRETTY LINE OF
5c. to $1.50
One of our.
Cool Cloth and al
$6.00 to $8.50. M
How a pure and noble Russian girl c
protected herself against her enemies I
by obtaining one of the licenses is- a
sued in that country to "women of s
the night," is told in "The Badge of t
Shame," the new five-part feature in c
which Clara Kimball Young at t
The Pastime Theatre on next Friday -
night will be seen.
vice admiral .in the navy offsets that
of lieutenant general in the army.
That rank does not exist in the active c
service of the army. In our navy's e
active service it exists only tempo
rarily, as in cases like that of Vice t
Admiral Sims. t
Our rear admirals while in com
mand of the Atlantic, Pacific and
Asiatic fleets, hold the rank of ad
miral andl draw salaries of $10,000 a
year; and the officers next in com
mand of their fleets have, the titles
of vice admirals during such sevc, i
wvith salaries of $9,000 a year.
Generals in Great Britain get
$14,600 a year; in France, $5,558; in
Germany, $4,284. Lieutenant gener
als in Great Britain get $10,950; in
Germany, $3,318; this grade does not
exist in France. Our major generals a
get $8,000; while Britain's get $6,300;
France's $3,600 and Germany's $3,200. h
Lest unjustifired ierences be drawn
from the comparatively low pay of
the German and French dflicers, it
should be explained that in Germany 'I
an officer of the army or navy must
show the government, before being I
allowved to marry, thnt he or his in
tended wife has sufficient private in- C
come to maintain a household "in ac- I
Stylish Kid Pumps, ait ... _ $00, $3.51
Stylish Pat Pumps, at $2.50, $3.00, $3.51
White Kid Pumps, at
White Canvas Slippers for Ladies, at
White Canvas Slippers for Children, at
. 25 Dozen Mother's Frieni
14 South Main,
d itors gives
Don't be extrE
iy the things
g, Shoes,, Etc
all Game, ' Cb
ht when your
Te add only t
For great va
oods, and p
uth Main St., SUMTER.
ordance with his position;' and in
'rance many allowances of additional
nd special 'pay are made-for in
tance, the pay is greater in propor
ion to the number of children the
ficer has, 'and also in proportion to
he number of honors conferred on
im for meritorious service.
In Japan the salaries of $3,000 and
2,000 a year given to admirals and
,ice admirals, and of $2,500 to major
enerals, are probably accurate indi
ations of the different standards of
xpense in living in occidental coun
ries and in Nippon. It is interesting
D observe that in the Turkish army
he officer corresponding to our ma
3r general receives $5,280 a year.
'his shows that the Turkish cost of
ving is much higher than the Jap
Driven from Russia by the inexor
ble enmity of a leader of the dread
Black Hundred" and Secret Police.
onia, the heroine of "The Badge of
htdme," in which Clara Kimball
~oung will appear ath'he Pastime
heatre on next Friday night, comes
y America only to find that the long
rmn of her foe stretched across the
ea in: a final fierce effort to destroy
or life's happiriess.
'he State of South Carolina,
County of Clarendon.
y .J. M. Windham, Probate Judge:
WHEREAS, Home Bank & Trust
o., madle suit to me, to grant them
otters of Administration of the
2 PRICES -
), $4.00, $4.50, $5.00 and $6.00
), $4.00, $4.50, $5.00 and $6.00
$1.25, $1.50, $1.75 and $2.00
$1.00, $1.25, $1.60 andl $2.00
d-Waists for Boys, at
SUiMTF DSC C
.---Go tp the;
teer up and
lues in New
$5.00 Just Right.
Estate and effects of Rebecca Shorter.
THESE ARE THEREFORE, to cite
and admonish all and singular the
kindred and Creditors of the said
Rebecca Shorter, deceased, that they
be and appear before me, in the
Court of Probate, to be held at Man- 9
ning on the 15th day of June, next,
after publication hereof, at 11 o'clock
in the forenoon, to show cause, if any
they have, why the said Administra
'tion should not be granted.
GIVEN under my hand this, 30th
day of May, Anno Domini 1917.
J. M. WINDHAM,
Judge of Probate.
The Quinine That Does Not Affect The Head
Because of its tonic and laxative effect. LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE is better than ordinary
Ouinine and does not cause nervousness nor
ringing in head. Remember the full name and
*took for the signature of JE. W. GROVE. 25c.
The, useful and lasting kind.
The kind you like to give, a
Watch or a Watch Bracelet, a
Diamond Ring, Brooch or Neck
lace, Meshbag, or Card Case and
many other things highly priz
ed as gifts.
MAIL ORDERS ATTENDED
SAME DAY AS RECEIVED
Jewelers, Silversmiths, Watch
Corner Main and Hampton Sts.
Columbia, S. C. Phone 1045
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