VO. XXXVn MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 5, 1917 NO. 36
RUSSIAN ARMY 1$
LIKELY TO GET CUT
QI IN ITS RETREAT
Germans Shelling Coast Towns of
Riga in Endeavor to Land Troops
and Turn Flank of Fugitives.
AUSTRIA CALLS FOR HELP
Germany Rushing Two Bavarian Di
visions to Isonzo Fro -t. Batteries
Pounding Flanders Line.
From Riga to the a ist of Kull the
Russians continue in full retreat be
fore the Germans, those from the
evacuated port and arsenal making
their way northeastward along the
coast of the Gulf of Riga and those
from Kull and vicinity endeavoring
to reach the Riga-Hskoff-Petrograd
Behind them the Russians left Riga
partly aflame as the result of the
German shells hurled Into the town
before they departed, while the
smouldering ruins 9f small villages
mark the path over which the other
contingents have passed, having been
set on fire during the retreat.
Along the eastern coast of the Gulf
of Riga for a distance of about eighty
miles north of the evacuated town.
German warships are shelling various
towns, posibly with the intention of
covering a landing of troops, whose
pbject would be to cut off the retreat
of the Riga army or turn its flank,
thereby entirely clearing the gulf
shore region and giving Prince Leo
pold, of Bavaria, a base, possibly at
Pernau, whence to operate overland
in conjunction with the naval forces
toward Reval, Russia's principal port
on the Gulf of Finland, in an endeavor
to seal up the Russian fleet inside
While the Germans were knocking
at the gates of Riga from the west
and southwest, hurling shells of all
calibres and loosing gas waves against
the town, loyal Russian troops held
them back long enough to blow up
the fortifications at the mouth- of the
Dvina. To the south, where defection
in the ranks of the Russians was ap
parently greatest, the Germans, ac
cording to the Berlin official commu
nication, took some thousands of pris
A ustro-Italian Front.
In the Austro-Italian theater the in
tensive infantry fighting of previous
days seemingly has given way for
the moment to reciprocal artillery
duels of great violence. The cessa
tion in the fighting probably is due to
a realignment by the Italians of their
battle line, after the rapid advance
all along the front from Tolmino to
Meanwhile, however, it is reported
that a cry of distress has been sent
to the Germans by the Austrians, ask
ing for men to aid in holding back
the Italian advance. As a result of
this appeal, it is said that Field Mar
shal Hindenburg has sent two Bava
rian divisions to the Isonzo front and
that the Germans also are has toning
the manufacture of guns for the pro
tection of the Hiernmada heights, the
key to Triests.
Although the infantry activity has
come to a pause, the Italians have
paid their respects to Pola, Austria's
big naval base on the Adriatic by air.
Nine tons of explosives have beeni
dropped causing great damage.
Another Big Puish.
Field Marshal Haig continues to
pound the German positions in Flani
ders with a rain of shells and an
other big push against the German
lines seems imminent. TIhe infantry
along this front and also to the south
are still being kept to their trenches.
Unofllicial adlvices say that behind the
German lines in Wecst Flanders from
Courtera to Tlhourout, the civilian
population has begun an evacuation,
realizing the nearness of another Brit
The Germans at several points
along the Aisne front and in the Ver
dun sector have again made inef1'ect
ual attempts to pierce the Frcnch line.
Madrid, via London, Sept. 4.-(Brit
ish Admiralty, Per Wireless Press.)
Mutinies have broken out aboard some
of the Portuguese wvarships. Many
arrests have been made.
ADVERTISE IN THlE TIMES.
FOR CLARENDON COUNTY
Each county is a unit in the admin
istration of its school affairs. This
unit consists of the Count Superin
tendent of Education and his board
together with the various boards of
tru'steees in the county whose aims
should be alike in the furtherance of
any and everything that would be
conducive to the best interests of all
our schools. The school law is very
specific as to what duties shall be per
formed by each of its forces. There
are many things however not covered
by a direct law that need our conside
ration, and desiring that all may be
in possession of the best ways of
bringing things to pass I have been
considering the advisability of holding
a convention of our trustees to dis
cuss certain questions.
This is a day of progress and rapid
development along all lines and none
more so than those appertaining to
our educational system. To have an
effective system there must be co
operation and co-ordination of all of
its forces. This makes necessary an
up-to-date organization of our trus
tees working intelligently, and in
harmony with the county superintend
ent in carrying out any and all plans
that would be to the best interests of
I am therefore taking the liberty
of calling a convention of all of our
trustees to meet at the court house
in Manning on Friday, September
14th, at eleven o'clock.
For the greatest possible good in a
local way, I believe we should not in
vite speakers from abroad, but to de
pend on a whole-hearted discussion by
our own forces.
Think out something yourself to
discuss, or to have discussed. Fol
lowing are some questions out of
which we could get something worth
while: School Fairs, Field Day,
Teachers' Certificates, Salaries,
Length of Daily Sessions, Teachers'
Associations, Change of Text Books,
State Aid and How to Get It, School
Improvement Associations, etc.
Remember the date, September
14th. Come, as your presence is de
E. J. BROWNE,
County Superintendent of Education.
Mrs. Howle Jones from Charlotte,
N. C., came last week to visit her
sister, Mrs. M. R. McLeod. While
here, she and Mrs. McLeod visited
another sister, Mrs. Phillips at Mt.
Mr. and Mrs. T. P. Brown of Sum
ter were here last week visiting their
relatives and friends. Mr. Brown re
cently had a fractured limb from
which he is still unable to resume
Miss Ethel Corbett left on Friday
for Fair Forest where she will teach
this year. Miss Corbett is beginning
her third consecutive session there as
teacher in the high school department.
Rev. J. D. Bowen has been granted
a month's leave of absence from his
pastorate, and he and family left on
Tuesday for various mountain resorts,
returning by Washington, D. C.
Mr. 0. E. Hlodge, and daughter,
Miss Pauline, are back from a short
visit to friends in Charleston.
Mr. and Mrs. J1. .J. Martin went to
St. Paul last wveek where they will
reside temporarily. 'Mr. Martin has
a Position there for the fall season.
Miss Belle McElveen, from Greely
ville, came last wveek to visit at the
home of Mrs. D~ollie Hlodge near town.
Mrs. J1. W. Mims, Jr., andl children
wvill leave Tuesday for~ Sharon, where
she expects to spend~ a month at the
home of her aunt, Mrs. Maggie Gar
Mr. Condy McLeod left for P'ine
wood on Friday to accept a position
as salesman in the store of Mr. Clyde
Miss Pearl Broadwvay is visiting her
aunt, Mrs. May Hlolladaty, near. Brog
Miss Mar~y Lee Cutter is visiting at
the home of Mr. J. W. Mims in Sum
ON U. S, FORl WHEATI
Washington, Sept. 3.-Great Bri
tain has changed her food policy
andl from now on will depend on the
United States for her meats, concen
trating all her energies in England
and Wales on grain prodluction. This
is indlicatedl in an ofilcial statement
receivedi todlay by the Hoover food adi
ministration to the effect that farm
ers are being urged to plow up their
grna lnneis nnd to sou, gn...t
their fellowmen they speak and labor
and sruggle for democracy and
W. E. Mason, Congressman at large
from Illinois, the next speaker, de
clared there was more misery n the
country today than at any time since
Bunker Hill. "But no worse thing ever
happened in the history of the United
States," he said, "than is happening
now when people like you are branded
as criminals and denied the right of
free assembly." He also declared that
the only people who welcome the war
were the bankers and editors, and de
nounced conscription and the senling
of troops to France.
Something New in America.
Former Senator Works said: "I
have never seen the time when Gover
nor of a State issued instructions to
prevent the assemblage of peaceful
people. I wonder if democracy in
this free democracy is dead. We are
not here to attack the government but
to defend it. Governor Lowden should
send troops here to protect us. If he
fails this meeting will result in blood
shed and rioting."
The remarks of all speakers brought
wild applause from the delegates,
about 300, of whom were in the audi
torium. When Chairman Stedman,
announced that troops were on their
way to break up the meeting one dele
gate proposed the pacifists remain in
their seats until ousted forcibly by
the troops. Mr. Stedman said that
the meeting would have to adjourn be
fore 7 o'clock as the lease on the hall
ran out at that time, and that the
troops were not due to arrive until
some time later. He told the dele
gates that ifthey challenged the au
thority of the State at this time they
would be destroyed. He declard that
their possible action was at the polls.
"We have accomplished our pur
pose, he saitI in announcing an ad
journment at 6:50 o'clock. "But the
adjournment it taken because our
lease on this hall has expired. Our
next meeting will bet announced,
secretly by the heads of the organiza
As the delegates quietly left the
hall, the principals of a quiet Jewish
wedding party took their places.
Chief of Police Schuettler tonight
said the police today had placed pat
rolmen at the peace meeting to pre
vent the possibility of an attack on
the conference by a mob. lie ex
plained that the meeting had been
authorized by Mayor Thompson, and
that it was a part of the duties of the
police department to see that order
He refused to say what would have
been the attitude of the police if
troops had arrived in time to stop the
A committee of seventeen on the
platform, appointed with Iilquist at
their head, represented a platform
principle which was unanimously
adopted by the convention. The plat
form called for the progressive dis
armament of all nations; repeal of the
Conscription Act; a concrete state
ment by the administration of its war
aims and peace without conquest, an
nexation or- indlemnity.
After the meeting disbandedl, the
dlelegates went to a dlowntowvn hotel,
wvhere they maintain headquar-ters.
The manager of hotel said ,the leadetrs
asked for a suite in wvhich a meeting
could be held, but this was refused;
shortly afterinwar-ds wvord came that
troopis had arrived. The delegates
then left the hotel in small parties.
It was re(~ported that an attem pt
would be made to hold a second ses
sion of the delegates at the West Side
Y. M. C. A.
When the spec('ial train bear-ing the
trooips a rrivedl at the station nea rest
the conference hall, Adjutant General
Dickson was advised by federal agents
that thle mee'ting wals over.
A fleet of taxicabs, wvhich had
awa ited the troops to hurry the sol
diers to the meeting place wats dIis
mtis-sed and the soldiers stacked arms
and took up quarters for the niight.
Th'Ie 250 soldier-s wvere met at the
station by Sheriff John 10. TIraieger
and a squadl of deputies. The sheriiff
rep~ortedl that he had been ord(eredl by
the tGovernor to cooperate with the
Mayor Thompson (ropped out of
sight after authorizing the meeting,
but resolutions thanking him for his
stand against Governor Lowden, the
sheriff andl the federal ollicials, wvere
adopted by the convention.
Some have askedl why knitting is
so important. An article from "Good
House Keeping" found elsewhere in
this paper will answer s..,h questions.
AT CHICAGO SUNDAY
Mayor Thompson Gives police Pro
tection for Meetings of People's
Council of Democracy.
GOVERNOR ORDERS TROOPS TO
Meeting Adjourns Before Soldiers
Arrive. Many Inflammatory
Chicago, Sept. 2.-After bin, driv
en from three States, the People's
Council of America for Democracy
and the Terms of Peace perfected a
formal organization at a publ' meet
ing in Chicago today.
The session was held unier rro
tection of the police, acting on orders
from Mayor William Hale Thcmp
son, which were in defiance of Gover
nor Frank O. Lowden. Four compa
nies of the National Guardsmen rush
ed from the State Capitol on a special
train to prevent the meeting arrived
after it had adjourned, its purpose
The clash in sauthority between
lMayor Thompson and Governor Low
den came as the result of the police
breaking up the meeting yesterday on
orders from the Governor. When the
mayor, at his summer home at Lake
Forest, heard of it he declared that
the Governor had exceeded his author
ity and immediately instructed Chief
of Police Schuettler to permit the
meeting and to give delegates every
protection. When the pacifists heard
of the mayor's action this morning im
mediate preparations were made to
hold the meeting which had been pre
vented in Minnesota, North Dakota
and Wisconsin and had been forbidden
as unpatriotic and disloyal by the
Governor of Illinois.
Meeting Well Guarded.
The delegates gathered shortly af
ter noon in the Westside Auditorium
in the heart of a cosmopolitan quar
ter. A score of patrolmen were on
guard inside and outside the build
ing and fifty more were held nearby
to suppress and disorder. Nearby
streets were utterly deserted as the
delegates were called to order by Sey
mour Stedman, former Socialist candi
dath for Governor of Illinois.
In the meantime Governor Lowden
lad been notified and immediately
called Adjt. Gen. Dickson, of Illinois,
into conference., It was found that as
most of the Illinois guardsmen had
been federalized the Governor had no
troops at his disposal in the Chicago
district. An effort was made to reach
Major Gen. Carter, commander of the
Central Department, to obtain per
mission to use federal troops, but he
could not be found in time.
Troops Ordered Out.
Four companies of the Ninth regi
ment of the Illinois National Guard,
who had not been federalized then,
were assembled at Springfield - and
started for Chicago on a special train
at 3:58 o'clock with orders to make
the run in four hours.
Adjt. Gen. Dickson, w~ho accom
panied the troops, had ordlers to break
up the meetingfi at once on his arrival
in Chicago (despite the action of the
police and mayor.
Natoinal Executive Comnmittee.
Pacifists ap~pointed a national exe
cutive committee as follows: Secre
tary, Seymour Stedman, of Chicago;
,J. D. Works, former United States
Senator, of Los Angeles; ,James HI.
Mauver, of Reading, member of the
Pennsylvania Legislature; Prof. Scott
Nearing, of Troledo; Jacob Pankan, ofj
New York; Morris HIikquist, Newv
York; Prof. HI. W. L,. D~ana, Columbia
U~niversity; M. A. Tloohy, Toledo; Mr..
W. I. Thomas, Chicago, national see
rear f h Woman's Peace Party;
George Roewe(n, Bloston; Frank Stev
ens, A rden, Decl.; Lela Frye Secor,
New~ York; Rebecca Shelly, New
York; Elizabeth Freeman, New York,
and Dr. HI. W. F". Waltz, Cleveland.
Later committees were app~ointedl on
A merican liberties, economic, een~ai
tions, resolutions and peace terms.
Rabbi ,J. L. Maglus, of New York,
then delivered an add~ress in which he
"It is worthy of a democracy that
citizens holding dlivergent views be
dIriven from place to place to find op
portunity for discussion? That they
be threatened with imprisonment, that
they be spied upon and maligned be
cause in these miraculous (lays of
change, of death and of life of misery
and hope, as lovers of America and
BRITISH AERONAUTS BUSY
Airmen Attacks Six German Ma
chines; Destroy One.
London, Sept. 4.-Containing their
air raids over Belgium, British avia
tors on Sunday night made attacks in
the vicinity of Bruges. A British air
plane fought six Germans and shot
down one of them. The following
official account of these operations
was given out today:
"Naval aircraft made a bombing
raid at midnight Sunday in the docks,
submarine shelters and railway sid
ings at Bruges. Bombs were observed
to explode over the objectives and
fire was caused adjacent to the lock
gates of the Ecluse canal.
"A raid also was made early Mon
day morning on the airdomes at Var
sse naure (four and one-half miles
southwest of Bruges). Bombs were
seen to explode among the sheds. One
of our machines was attacked by six
hostile aircraft and succeeded in
shooting down one, completely out of
control. In an engagement between
one of our aircraft patrols and enemy
machines there were three decisive
combats. One of our machines failed
FALL TERM OF COURT.
Court convenes in Manning on Sep
tember 24, Judge Frank B. Gary, pre
siding. The following is the jury:
D. M. Evans, New Zion.
T. J. Johnson, Manning.
R. S. DesChamps, Pinewood.
W. K. Hutsoi New Zion.
E. H. Harris Avis Station.
S. E. Johnson, New Zion.
B. E. Jenkinson, Pinewood.
J. W. Frierson, Manning.
F. L. Dullose, New Zion.
W. R. Simpson, Manning.
Jno. C. Ilarvin, Alcolu.
11. C. Cousar, Jordan.
A. J. Tindal, Manning.
H. .J. Tisdale, Paxville.
P. .J. Holladay, Summerton.
D. Hirschmann, Manning.
W. Ira Buddin, Turbeville.
A. C. larvin, Manning.
II. K. Beatson, Manning.
L. M. Curtis, Pa::ville.
W. 1. Robinson, Turbeville.
). M. Wilson, Foreston.
J. E. Barrett, Silver.
B. D. Griflin, Pinewood.
G. H1. Lackey, Paxville.
G. L. McLeod, Manning.
W. K. Hill, Manning.
J. F. Dickson, Foreston.
W. M. Davis, Alcolu.
J. A. Gardner, Summerton.
.1. L. Green, Turbeville.
Ii. A. (lodge, Summerton.
W. C. Williams, Summerton.
G. M. Bradham, Manning.
D. E. Cole, Turbeville.
W. F. Duke, New Zion.
Theodore Lesesne, Jr., entertained
the younger society set last Thursday
evening at his country home near
Manning. This was given in honor
of his cousin, Miss Minnie Sue Sauls,
of Winston-Salem, N. C.
TPhis mninhg markeid an importnt
(epochi in t he history of Amlerica, t he
onie mo(st clclatedl to bring hmei to
the people of the nation the se rious
fac~t t hat our country is in war, when
the first co~nt ingent of five per~ cent
of the new national army )1i borded
the trainis to go in campl. Cla renudon
county is calledl upon to furnish 301l
omen, and t he quota has been selected.
The first five per cen t, or abonut I8
men, left for' (amp l Jackson at C o
Imumbia this morning. In ablout two
we(eks nminety miore men will follow
and then othters at intervals of t wo
weeks until the entire (quota have
gone into training.
The following fine, brave young men
left this depot this morning:
Harry Perry Thames, .Jake Angus
Williams, Eddie Brown McCall, An
(drew F'ranklin Morris, E. .J. Huggins,
.Jake Iseman, Samuel Jlames Kellett,
William Joseph Burgess, Charlic Lee
Chapman, Graham LeRoy Geddings,
Snyder McNeil DuBose, Robert
Owens Copeland, Alvin Allen Rigby,
Thomas McSwain Beard, Norman
Lenard DuRant, Clarence Iseman,
Isanc D. Peek, n.-n B. Crk.
OF BAD AMMUNITION
FURNISHED U. S.
Chief of Ordnance Takes Steps Look
ing to Inquiring Into Defective
BAKER TO DECIDE TOI)AY
Soldiers Instructed to be Careful
in Opening Magazines of
Washington, Sept. 3.-Steps looking
to investigation of the supplying of
defective cartridges to the American
forces in France were taken today
by Brig. Gen. Crozier, chief of ord
nance, and by the Senate military
Gen. Crozier asked that a board on
inquiry be named. Ile said a small
quantity of bromide, which retards fire
for a fraction of a second, had been
found in about 2 per cent of the
army's cartridges. Confidence was ex
pressed by the general that the board
would find that the defect was un
avoidable and not due to negligence.
The Senate committee decided to
call Secretary Baker before it tomor
row for an explanation of the matter
and will then decide to the purpose
of holding an inquiry of its own.
Whether the inquiry suggested by
Gen. Crozier shall be made will be
decided by Secretary Baker when the
request reaches him tomorrow.
Any defective ammunition which
may have been supplied the navy by
the War Department Ordnance Bu
reau will be traced and returned for
The danger attached to the ammu
nition is that the cartridge does not
explode promptly and when a sol
dier opens the rifle magazine to as
cortnln the trouble, it may explode in
his face. Soldiers have instructions
not to open the magazine for several
seconds if no explosioni occurs.
The bormide in the potassium chlor
ate of the primers, Cn. Crozier ex
plained, was not detected in suflicient
iuantity by tests made at the arsenal
to indicate possible danger. It was
suflicient, however, to cause chemi
cal action after the cartridges were
ANOTHElF AIR RAIl) ON BRITAIN
London, Sept. 4.-Another air raid
on England has taken place. The
English coast was shelled as well as
the London district.
The official report of the raid says:
"A considerable number of enemy
airplanes crossed the southeast coast
at 11 o'clock last evening (Tuesday
and dropped bombs at a number or
places. Some of the machines reached
the London district, where bombs
"No reports of damage 'bmave yet
P AT COLUMBIA
A large crowd hiid assembiild tos
themx of)f, falthers, imoth ers, si terxs,
brothe:rs, sweethlenarts an d fiendx~s.
Itev. M c( ordl cal led for or'der' and in
trodxlucedl Seniator l)uilant who made~ aI
fewt reamarks of enicou ragementrl. Then
miost app~roprialte remarlIks male at
lie staitioni this miorn ig, outs i I- of a
fervent ptrayer by iRev. I .ighit foot .
were the reimairks of 8enatior Ilultatt
when he told the hoyv.a thait t hey wert.
going to wvar, and exhorted t hemi shoot
a plenity, shoot st ramightf, andil if t hey
get to( Geman~ y to try an md futl thle
Kaiser hr t h Ile (logs would nxot hark
at him. The young me-n I(eft inx highi
spiri ts, riot withlstanidinag they f ully
realize what they are goiing for, anid
that t hey are eat erinig a try inrg pecriodI
in their mianhiood, one v i.'ch calls forn
mey and nolthling less.
We hope that whieni the' next (c((lt in
gent leaives some arrangemient will be
made to give the boys some stiff,
snappy, patriotic encouragemient, in
the wvay of short -heartening speceches.
The best wishes (If all our peole
are with our boys, and knowving themi
all we have nio fears (If their not do
ing their duty to thir country. God
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