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VOL. XXXVII MANNING, S. C., W EDNESDAY, SEPT. 12, 1917. NO. 37
WARFARE ON THE
Six Under-Sea Craft Attack Fleet
9f Vessels Off Coast of France
r--One U-Boat Sunk.
TWO MERCHANTMEN LOST
First 'Reported Six Submarines Sunk
but Error in Transcribing
Washington, Sept. 11.-A typo
graphical error- in transcribing a
statement for the press today from
an official report to the Navy Depart
ment made it appear that six Germap
submarines probably had been sunk
off the French coast when they at
tacked a fleet o! merchantmen in
cluding at least one American ves
sel. The facts are, so far as known
tonight, that one submarine probably
was destroyed and two of the steam
ers went down. A corrected state
ment was issued by Secretary Dan
iels as soon as the error was dis
The department has only a meagre
account of the fight and- additional
details have been asked for by cable.
The report came from the American
tanker Westwego, through Paris.
The names and nationality of the
two ships lost were not given.
Under Naval Convoy.
The Westwego was en route to
Europe, and from the fact that she
was cruising in company with other
merchanL crafts, navy officers as
sumed that the fleet was under con
voy of naval vessels, probably of
The tanker's report is dated Sep
tember 8, the fight having occurred
The Westwego is an armed vessel.
In preparing for the press in the
bureau of operations of the Navy
Department a statement of the con
tents of the dispatch it was written
that all of the six submarines prob
'ably had been lost. Later, on check
n over the message and the state
ment issued to the press, it was
found that the word was "one" in
Of Special Interest.
Officials were interested in particu
lars of the fight, since the vessels
were under convoy, and if either of
the two steamers lost were American,
the 'first convoyed American merch
ant craft has fallen victim to the
The fact that the submarines at
tacked the merchant fleet in such
force led to the conclusion that the
German commander erroneously
thought he had to deal with troops,
transports or with army supply ships.
Daniel's Statement. .
Secretary Daniels issued the fol
"Ily attention has just been called
to a serious error made in transcrib
ing the report of the attack made on
the Westwego and other vessels. I
4gave the report to the press this
morning exactly as it wvas presented
to me, stating that "two of the
e~amers attacked were sunk and
-obably all of the submarines were
lost." The cablegram, I now find,
statedl that 'one' of the submarines
was probably lost."
The earlier statement by the Navy
Department readl as followvs:
"The Navy~ Department has receiv
edl a report from Paris wvhich states
that the steamer Westwego reports
on September 8 that while cruising
with several other ships they wvere
Sattacked by a massed force of six
submarines off the coast of France
on Septenmber 5, the result of this
attack being that twvo of the steam
e attacked wecre sunk and probably
all of the subniarines were lost."
It was announcedl recently that a
~policy of convoying fleets of mer
j chant ships across the Atlanjic had
keen adopted and since the Westwego
and the other merchant craft \vhich
wore the objects of the submari'nes'
attack were bound for Europe, it is
~regarded~ more than probable that
American warships guarded the mer
hant ships on the way across.
American warships have all been
equipped with dlepth bombs for fight
ing submarines. ThIs weapon has
been highly perfected by American
ordnance experts and proves very
~l'he Westeego had an experience
ith a German submarine before the
RUSSIANS ON OFFENSIVE
Battalion of Death Defeats and Drives
Petrograd, Sept. 10.-Russian
troops yesterday took the offensive
against the German forces in the re
gion of Segevold, thirty-two miles
northeast of Riga. In certain sec
tors, the Petrograd official statement
says, the Russian "Death Battalion"
defeated the Teutons and forced them
back in a southerly direction.
A battle is proceeding between ad
vanced German detachments and the
Russian rear guard, who are holding
the Burtnetsk line to the Pskoff r.'d.
Sixteen German airplanes yesterday
dropped forty bombs without result
in na attack on the Russian torpedo
boats in the Gulf of Riga.
MAY CLOSE MAILS TO THEM
Postoffice Has German Ppears Under
Washington, Sept. 10.-Exclusion
from the mails of certain influential
German language newspapers printed
in various sections of the United
States is under consideration by the
government's determination to pre
vent circulation of anti-war propa
TO FORM FRENCH CAdINET
Painleve Accepts Task Imposed by
Paris, Sept. 10.-Paul Painleve, the
minister of war, informed President
Poincare tonight that he had accepted
the task of forming a ministry to re
place that headed by Alexander Ribot.
M. Painleve declared that the new
ministry should be representatives of
political partise, but a government of
national unity, bending all the
strength of the nation to an increas
ing energetic, conduct of the war.
NO OTHERS ADMITTED
TO OGLETHORPE CAMP
Columbia, Sept. 10.-Governor Man
ning late today received the follow
ing telegram from Major Nicklin, of
Fort Oglethorpe, Ga.: The Secretary
of War directs ,there will be no fur
ther admissions to this camp."
BIG TASK TO FEED TROOPS
In Devastated Districts of France
Washington, Sept. 10.-The task of
providing for American and French
soldiers and the civilian population in
the devastated districts of France this
winter is a tremendous one and must
be supported by expenditures of large
sums of money, Major Gen. Pershing
has cabled Henry P. Davison, chair
man of the American Red Cross war
Red Cross work in France is being
systematically organized along mili
tary lines, Gen. Pershing said. He
added that he considered the Red
Cross management there worthy of
the unqualified support of the Ameri
United States entered the war, hav
ing been attacked b~y one January
31 last while off the coast of Eng
land. She was proceeding from an
American port wvith a eargo of oil
for Europe wvhen a submarine fired
five shots at her from astern. The
Westwego's captain, J. S. Mulcoy,
brought his vessel to a stop and sent
a boat with his papers, whereupon
the German submarine commandler
dlemandled a supply of oil, threatening
to sink the ship if his dlemands wvere
not compiled wvith. The submarine
commandler also demandled tha tthe
vessel's $1,000,000 cargo of gasoline
be throwna overboard, saying he
would give Capt. Mulcoy until the
next morning to comply. Four bar
rels of cylinder oil w'ere sent to the
submarine and the Westwego pro
ceeded. She saw nmo more of the
Trhe Westwego, an oil tanli steam
er, was built in Germany in 1914 for
Rumanian account, undler the name
of the Steaux Romana. Later her
registry was changed to .American,
and afterward -her name was madec
Westwego. The vessel was of 3,069
tons net and she carried a crew of
forty-two men. Latest reports show
she was in an American port August
8 and later sailed on a transatlan
tic voyage commanded by Captt. Mul
YORK CRAND JURY
Men Already Arrested Formally
Charged With Lynching of
TRIAL LIKELY IN NOVEMBER
Counsel for Prisoners Plans Early
Application for Release
York, Sept. 10.--"For the murder
of W. T. Sims we, the grand . cry,
present the following: William Saund
ers, Tom Saunders, Frank Twitty,
Lonnie Franklin, Lawyer Saunders,
Carson Lattimore, Meek McGill, Fred
Penninger, T. R. Penninger, Ezell Bo
lin, Dick Norman. Witnesses: Dr.
J. I. Barron, J. G. Panning, W. L.
Hill, J. H. Saye, John R. Cobb. Sign
ed, J. S. Wilkerson, Foreman."
Such was the presentment of the
York County grand jury, who were
called here today to continue the in
vestigation into the lynching of the
Rev. Watson Sims, a colored precher,
on August 24.
All Already Arrested.
The eleven men presented have al
ready been arrested. Dick ,Norman,
one of the accused men, turned State's
evidence and is now out on bond of
$1,000 as a material witness.
John R. Hart, of counse Ifor the
defense, said this afternoon that ap
plication for bond for the ten men in
jail would be made before Associate
Justice R. C. Watts, at Laurens,
either Friday or Saturday.
The presentment of the gran' jury
did not surprise anybody, but rather
it was expected. None of the wit
nesses who testified at the inquest
were examined by the grand jury, and
all the witnesses summoned before
them did not testify.
Much Interest Shown.
There was a large number of peo
ple from the Sharon and Hickory
Grove communities here on account
of the sitting of the grand jury. The'
foreman is a prominent citizen of
that town. Because he is related to
une of the defendants, J. Mason Mc
Gill, a member of the grand jury,
took no part in the investigation.
Judge James W. DeVore, of Edge
field, who happened to be here to pre
side over the September t'erm of the
Court of Common Pleas, presided at
the brief tern of the Court of General
Sessions. The eleven defendants will
probably be tried at the November
term of Court of General Sessions.
First by War Department Since En.
Washington, Sept. 10.-The War
Department announced late today
that Sergt. M. G. Calderwood and
Private W. F. Brannigan, both of
Company F, Eleventh Railway Engi
neers, had been slightly wvounded by
shell fragments while on dluty in
France. This is the army's first cas
ualty announcement of the war, ex
cept that concerning members of the
medhical corps killed wvhen German
aviators bombed a hospital.
MOB THR IEATlENS ATITACKl
Strike Breakers Rteported Heavily
Chattanooga, Sept. 10.-.A mob is
forming to attack the car barns where
strike breakers are reported to be
armed with machine guns.
The mob wvhich left Central Labor
Hall crying "On to the car barns,"
halted at the court house and was
ap~pealed to by Police Commissioner
T. C. Bellerton.
A CALL FOR
The knitting committee of the Red
Cross Chapter is readly to begin wvork.
Anyone wishing instructions in this
work may call on any of the follow
ing ladies, who will gladly help those
who do not knowv howv to knit: Mrs.
F. C. Thomas, Mrs. Furman Bradham,
Miss Alexander, Mrs. H. T. Bradham
and Mrs. 5. 0. O'Bryan.
This is one of the most Important
things undertaken in our local Red
Cross Chapter nde we want voluntary
A NEW TERM
Interesting Exercises Marked by
Splendid Talks of Several
MANY VISITORS PRESENT
Large Attendance and Bright Pros
pects for Another Successful
Manning, Sept. 10.-The Manning
graded and high schools opened this
morning for another year under fav
orable auspices. Quite a goodaudience
of patrons and friends of the school
had assembled and the number of
pupils beginning the year was fully
up to the average. The exact number
enrolled is not yet available. The
school for the next year will be under
the superintendency of Prof. F. S.
Long, of Trenton, with a competent
and experienced faculty.
Mr. S. Oliver O'Bryan, one of the
trustees, opened the meeting with ap
propriate remarks and introduced
Prof. Long, who conducted the re
maining exercises. An appropriate
prayer was offered by the Rev. Dr.
Watson B. ' ncan, of the Methodist
Church, and a few well-chosen re
marks were made by the Rev. Dr.
E. M. Lightfoot, of the Baptist
Church. Prof. E. J. Browne, super
intendent of education, was called
on and made appropriate remarks of
counsel and encouragement to the
teachers and pupils.
Gives Good Advice.
The Hon. J. 11. Lesesne, the last
speaker, said he would not lecture
anybody, and especially the children,
but said he would direct his remarks
more particularly to the teachers. He
urged them to train the girls to be
queens of their own households, and
to stimulate the idea of patriotism and
love of country in the boys, because
the time had come in American life
when the country did not need so
many college presidents and bankers,
but true women at home and-men pos
sessing real manhood. Supt. Browne
alluded to the fact that Prof. Long
had once been one of his pupils, and
Prof. Long pleasantly "turned the
tables'' by saying that if he made
any serious blunders this year it
would be charged to Prof. Browne for
the way he had started Prof. Long
Corps of Teachers.
The complete faculty for the new
school year is composed as follows:
Forst grade, Miss Rose Ehrich, of
Georgetown; second grade, Mrs. J. A.
Cole, of Manning; third grade, Mrs.
J. K. Breedin, of Manning; fourth
grade, Miss Helen Boger, of Manning;
fifth grade, Mrs. George W. Wil
liams, of Manning; sixth grade, Miss
Janie Wilson, of Manning; seventh
grade, Miss Mildred Sellers, of Dillon;
eighth grade, Miss Lucie Wingard, of
Lexington; ninth grade, Mr. Julius
Dreher, of Newberry; tenth grade and
superintendent, Prof. F. S. Long of
The M~anning school stands high in
rep~utation for the character and p)rep)
aration of its graduates and there is
every reason to expect that this ree
ord will be fully maintained in the
(City of (CorinthI, 5,870 Tlonis, D~estroyed
An Atlantic Port, Sept. 10.--The
British freight steamship City of Cor
inth, a vessel of 5,870 tons gross reg
ister, owVned by the Ellerman lines,
has been suink by a German subma
rine, according to repiorts received
here today in marine circles. The
City of Corinth wvas last reported
leaving Vladivostok for London.
Trhe call comes every (lay for sweat
ers, muff1ers, helmets, socks, etc. We
must begin immediately and (do our
share in this work.
A meeting will be held on Friday
afternoon, at 4:30 o'clock in the Ma
sonic Hall. Materials will be on
hand and instructors will be there to
give any information necessary.
S. Vallyc Appelt,
Chairman Knitting Committee.
HAPPENINGS OF 20 YEARS AGO
Mrs. D. D. Salley, of Edisto, is in
Manning visiting her parents.
Clerk of Court Timmons went to
Charleston to consult a physician.
The Methodist Sunday School at
Summerton last Sunday contributed
$25 for the benefit of the Epworth
Orphanage at Columbia.
Rev. James McDowell appeared be
fore the State Board of Control last
Wednesday and protested against the
board granting a beer privilege for
his town. The board decided to post
pone the matter until next month.
Last night Mr. F. P. Ervin received
information by telephone that a negro
was in Alderman's store in Salem of
fering a gun for sale for $4. A de
scription of the gun was immediate
ly phoned over and it was exactly
like one of the guns stolen some time
ago from the window of the Manning
Hardware Company. Magistrate Dick
son was sent for and he telephoned
instructions to hold the man and the
warrant would follow. The fellow
Married last. We-In laattheresi
.dence of the bride's parents, sicar
Felder, Hon. W. H. Thomas, of Char
leston, and Miss Mattie Tindal,
daughter of Hon. James E. Tindal.
The bride and groom took the evening
Coast Line train for Niagara and Can
ada, and expect to be gone until
October 1st, when they will go to
Charleston and make that city their
A new feature to attract trade has
been adopted by Mr. E. C. Horton.
He has received a very handsome lot
of silverware and ornamental clocks
which he proposes to give away as
premiums upon the coupon system.
Evei y piece of silver is useful and
ornamental and his patrons without
paying extra for the goods will get
these elegant prizes.
Harried last evening at the resi
dence of the bride's mother, Mr.
Archie Barron and Miss Mary Anna
Davis, by Rev. J. A. Rice, D. I)., of
Columbia. The bride Is one of the
accomplished daughters of the late
James E. Davis, and is one of the
most popular young ladies in the
county. The groom is a son of Col.
B. P. Barron and one of Manning's
thorough-going business men. He is
a young man who has by his sterling
merit made himself a factor on Man
ning's business circles and his future
prospects are of the brightest. Both
the bride and groom have reason to
be proud of each other and no couple
ever started out on the matrimonial
sea with beter prospects for joy, hap
piness and plenty. We but feebly
express the sentiments of the com
munity when we extend our ~ irty
congratulations and wish a lone id
iteceipts for Use of Grapes.
As there 'are so many grap~es in
Clarendon County, I think that we
should make use of them and not let
them go to waste, so am giving a
fewv receipes and( hope before long to
give a D~emonstration in M~anning on
the many uses of Gria pes, if. I fin d
that the ladies wish it.
Unafermented Gra pe Ju iice.
Secure sound fully ripe fruit, wash,
crush, strain through a clean cloth
sack, then strain through the jelly
bag. Place the juice in battles or
jars, put these in a water bath and
sterilize by heating unt il the juice
has reached a tempera ture ne3~~r hut
not qIuite~ up to the~ boiliung p)oint.
Remove the v'essels contaiining the
juice fro~m the .wate(rbath, seal at
once, and store in aj dark33~ cool place
until dlesired for~ use.
G rap~e catsup) is a pleas ing sauce
to serve wvith cold meats. Wash,
wveigh andl crush fruit. Stew ove'r
slow lire until soft. Work through
a colander with a spoon. Tlo the
juicy p)ortionl which passes through
the colander, add for eac~h 5 p~oundls
of fresh fruit used 2 1-2 polunds of
sngar, 1 tablespoon of ground ein
-namon, 1 tablespoon of ground all
spice, 1 tablespoon of groundl cloves,
1-2 tablespoo nof pepper, 1-2 table
spoon1 of salt, 1 plint of vinegar.
Poil the mixture until slightly
thick then seal in sterilizedl bottles
or fruit jars.
Katherine M. Richardson,
C. Home n)e. Agt.
IN lHILA. RAIDED
Editor and Otehr Writers on Phila
delphia Tageblatt Arrested by
UNDER THE ESUIONAGE ACT
Charged With Efforts to Promote
Success of Enemies of United
Philadelphia, Sept. 10.-In a raid on
the Philadelphia Tageblatt, a long es
tablished German language morning
newspaper, which is charged with
having attacked the government's war
policies for several months past, fed
eral agents tonight arrested the ed
itor and business manager and con
fiscated large quantities of corre
spondence, files and documents. The
prisoners, who are charged with vio
lating the Espionage Act, are Dr.
Maitin Darkow, edieor, and Herman
Lemke (business manager. Warrants
also have been issued for the presi
dent, treasurer, editor-in-chief, and an
The government agents in one war
rant charge certain members of the
staff with "wilfully making and con
veying false reports and statements
with the intent to promote the suc
cess of the enemies of the United
States, while the United States is at
war with the Imperial German Gov
A second warrant charges the staff
with using the mails for the same
Advised to Evade Law.
According to government officers
under Frank Garbarino, special agent,
who conducted the raid, The Tage
blatt on Saturday published 'state
ments instructing Germans in this
country how to evade the postal laws
and forward letters to Germany.
The newspaper and business files,
correspondence and other matter
seized in the raids were taken to the
federal building for examination.
All of the employment of the plant,
about twenty, have been served with
subpeoenas to appear before the fed
eral grand jury.
Since the beginning of America's
entrance into the war The Tageblatt
has published daily editorial attacks
on President Wilson and the govern
ment's war policies, government offi
.Joseph Schlentz, president of sev
eral German societies, said he intend
ed to enter bail for Dr. Darkow.
Lemke, the business manager, is a
member of the defense comittee ap
pointed by Mayor Smith.
"DtY" VICTOlRY IN TEX.\S
Most Populous ('ounty Votes Against
IDallas, Tlexas, Sept. 1 0.-The most
pl)0Ious county in Texas votedl "dry"'
in a local optioni election today. With
but six precincts (Jit of ninety-six
missing, the prohibitionist s have a
lead of approximately 1 ,500, which the
m11issimg prep inets cannot materially
change. About 19,000 v'ote. ere pol[
ed out of a re'gistration of 28,000(.
IS51 'E IS OV'EllSL'llSCI'll hl
Offering of Short TFernm Tlreasurv
Cert ificates Closed.
W~ash ingtdon, Sei . I1. Thel oere
ing of $300o,000,00t, ofI short -term1
treasuiry ceritificaites whic icilosetd t
day t'I has b~een over'subscribJetd. t ttm
plete figures had noat been tabula tedt
at. the treasury tonight. Tlhis offer
ing brings upl to $Xt0,000t,000t, the
total of ths govermuient's Itemiporar~y
financing in anticiptatihon of the see.
01n( liberty loan.
Fl~FETE WIT'lII K EIIENSKTY
Places Itself on Side of Provisional
Lodon~li, Sept. IIl.--A Russian me's
sage recei ved here th is afternoon
and1( signedl by the Russian prime
minister states that the entire IBal
tic fleet toJgether with its staff ofli
cers, has unanimously placedl itself
on the sidle of the provisional gov