Newspaper Page Text
VOL. i XXXVIIManning, Thursday, September 20, 1917.
MOBILIZ TION I
ARMY TOOK PL
Washington, Sept. 19.-Three hun
dred thousand men of the National
army are today on their way to 16
cantonnients to undergo ani intensive
training period preparatory for service
overseas. Today's increment repre
sents approximately 45 per cent. of
the total quota under the first call
from nearly 5,000 exemption boards.
The transition from civilian to mill
tary life was effected with a minimum
of delay. In every section of the
country, the men called by the indi
vidual boards were assembled, placed
under militarf/ discipline wielded by
one of their number selected as lead,
er, and assigned to special troop trains
now en rpute to the mobilization
camps. The new increment will join
the first quota of 45,000 men called to
the colors September 5.
Because of the obstacles encounter
ed by the war department in procur
ing supplies, it is probable that some
of the men will be only partially equip
ped on arrival. No attempt to com
pletely outfit the units for war service
will be made until just prior to the
departure for France.
Every effort will be made by the
government to adapt the men of the
selective draft forces to thv branch
of pilitary work to which they are
best suited by experience and na
tural aptitude. To carry out this pur
pose, a corps of civilian experts train
ed in the service of great corporations
in selection of men for special occu
pations, will be appointed soon tc
make a similar appraisal o'f the enlist
ed men of the national army prepara
tory to the assignment of the men tc
the special units necessary in modern
Charts have Deen prepared to be
filled out by the men showing exact
ly their experience and training and
providing also for a statement of their
prefernees as to the kind of work they
will be called "non to do. If possible
these cards will be supplemented by s
personal estimate of the men by the
civilian experts. This can be done
only after a rough g neral classifica
tion has been made pos-Ible througi
the card system, ns it ". ould be toc
great a task to personally interview
FOUR THOUSAND MEN ARE
EXPECTED AT CAMP CUSTE7
Battle Creek, Mich., Sept. 19.-Pre
parations have been completed a'
Camp Custer, -the National army can
toninent near here, for the receptior
and handling of the thousands of Vis
consin and Michigan boys, comprising
the 40 per cent. increment of the rlrafi
soldiers of tho: e states who will be
gin to arrive today.
More than 4,000 of the new incre
ment are expected to be in camp to
night and others will arrive daily un
til the first of next week.
NO LIQUOR IS ALLOWED
SOLD IN VERMONT TODA'
Ayer, Mass., Sept. 19.-Captain De
vans was in readiness today for th<
reception of the 40 per cent. of draft
ed men from New England and north
ern New York whose movement to
ward Aye'- was begun this mor-ning
Th'Ie mna due to leave their homes to
day to begin service ini the Nationa
army wvere fr-om New I lamnpshir-e, Ver
mont , Rhode island anld Maine. i1
the Vermont cities from wvhich qiuota:
deptated no !!quior was sold today, b:
or-der of the governor.
CAMP GORDON IN ATLANTA
READY FOR SECOND QUOTJ
Atlanta, (C1., Sept. 19-Military aui
thtoritiles at Camnp Cordoni were pre
tar-ed ear-ly today3 to r-ceolve aippri
miately 5,000 men~t fr-om A labama, Tfen
niessee and Georgia who have bee1
Helectedl to fill the 4i0 per cent. whit
ejuota f'romt thtetir respecelIv~e dlistilt
for ser-vice ini thle 82 divisionis of thi
National armtiy. Tlennesseans wvere t1
formt the majority of the now arr-ival
in i'aiip I oday. Mote thant 3.00i wver
tt repoart at the i-ceelving slationt be
forec nightfaPll. About 1,500 select met
fromi Geortgita and Alabama, htoweve:
were included in today's c-all.
Officers statiotied at Canip Gordo1
wet-e instrumcted last night to repotrt ti
itcetrailroad stations in Atlanta an<
at Chamnblce, Geor-gia, a suburb, ti
mteet thie drafted men and to escor
11hem In squiads tot thoir newv heat
whiere they at-e to begitn the duties a
Whether' additional wvhiteo men wviI
be certificed at once to fill uip tne 4
per1 cent. quota ordered to camp thi
suc uter~cesdid not constitut,
week, had not been dbtermined earl;
todlay. According to figures issue<
from tihe state adjutant general's ci
additional whites, andh Alabaina abou
1,000 if the compilete 40 per con
nunta fare to be supplied.
RICHMOND GIVES ITS
MEN GREAT SEND-OFF
Richmond, Va., Sept. 19.-A parade
let by the Forty Seventh New York
regiment band preceded the departure
of Richmond's second quota of 294
men for Camp' Lee today. Governor
Stuart. Mayor Ainslee and members of
the city council following the new sol
diers to the railroad station to bid
farewell to them. Meanwhile quotas
from various sections of the state were
passing through the city on the way
to camp. One of the first contingents
to arrive at Camp Lee this morning
was the quota from Louisa county
which numbered 53 men. Rousing
cheers greeted the men as the trains
pulled out from Byrd Street Station.
Colonel Fitzhugh Lee, mustering of
ficer, assisted by a large number of
lieutenants, several of whom are from
Fort Myer and Fort Oglethorpe, train
ing camps, was the busiest man at
Camp Lee today. He is rapidly as
signing the men to the various regi
ments following the required exami
nations. About three thousand men
from Virginia counties will arrive at
camp today, forming a part of the
second increment of 40 per cent, of
the 47,000 men to be assembled at
Camp Lee under orfiginal arrange
ments, although the barracks are to
be enlarged to accommodate as many
as 60,000 men.
FIRST DETACHMENT NEW
ARMY IS AT CAMP MEADE
C(amp Meade, Md., Sept. 19.-This
national army cantonment was de
clared to be in readiness for its for
mal opening at noon today. A train
bearing about 360 draftce from Phil
adelphia was the first detachment
scheduled (o be received and it was
expected that by midnight fully 3,000
men would be occupying the new bar
racks. The Ponnsylvanians will con
tinue arriving daily until Monday
when there should be about 13,500
men in camp.
WILL REMAIN WITH
ALLIES TO FINISH
Ambassador Bakhmeteff Will Call
On Secretary Lansing Soon to
Express Country's Determina
tion to Fight to End.
Washington, Sept. 19.-The Russian
ambassador, Boris A. llakhmeteff, will
call on Secretary Lansing soon to re
new his assurances of Russia's deter
mination to fight the war to a finish.
Ti.p ambassador, it is understood, will
say conditions in his country are im
pioving, that there is no doubt all fac
tismal difficulties will be arranged and
that Ru1issla, united and powertul, will
btendl her energies to the task of dlriv
ing out the (Germans and lending aid
Iin subsitantial form to the allied cause.
Accord'ing to Ruissiansa in Washing
:1o', the Russian offeunsivye has stiffen
0(d to such a deg)reeO that t ho enemiy
Is not able to make further- pr-ogresS.
it Is not hel1Ievedl the G erma ns~will he
able0 to do motrei Ithin hohl( their ines10
if indeed( they are able to do that, with
tihe coninag of w inltr.
On tho Rutmanihan front t Iho situaotion
- Is enicouraging \ur in several places;
Ont tihe battle line, according to Iato
- d ispaitche~s, the Ruaians and~iit Ruts
- ians4 hav~e maide sutbstati l advantces.'
TWO BELIEVED TO'VE
PERISHED IN A FIRE
Hir'isto!, W.a , Sept. 1 9.-Th''iat Clyde
Godsoy, 13 years old. atnd two Smith
brot01hers per'ished in last night's $300,
000 11ire it the business dlistr-ict of
ltIstol Is the belief of Otis Moot-e, 18
years old, whto was imprisoned on thle
tthird floor with these boys and en
capted by jumiping to the cotncreto
pavement. Moore sutffered a brtoken
leg atnd other serious injuries. Scat-cit
this morning failed to reveal the miss
Winfred Moore suffered internal in
,jurIes b~y jumpitg from an upper stor-y
Iwindlow and may not recover. Several
- firemen were injured by falling walls
or by jumping from the Massengill
We are somewhat late
being without the services c
Through the kindness
Musser, mechanical superin
Record, we were able to gel
the machines of that papc
leave out considerable loco
beg the indulgence of our re
New Orleans, Sept. 19.--Cheering
crowds lining the city's principal
streets gave a rousing farewell to the
second increment of drafted men from
New Orleans as they marched to the
railroad stations today to entrain for
Camp Pike near Little Rock, Ark. Ap
proximately 1,200 men departed today,
that being about 200 more than 40 per
cent. of the city's quota, the extra
men being sent to make up deficien
cies from other parishes in the State
where heavy negro population pre
vented sending the required nunmber
of white men at this time.
Newberry. Sept. 19..-New berry's
contingent to the army joined the
forces from the upcountry here at
1:25 today on their way to (amp
Jackson. Thousands of people from
the city and countrv gave them a
grand send-off. It was one of the
biggest parades ever seen here that
escorted the men to the station from
the court house lawn in the following
order of march: Newberry concert
band, Confederate veterans under
command of Capt. iluford; honorees
selectmen; exemption board, city
and county officials; chanters of
Daughters of the American llevolu
tion, and lDaughters of the C(onfed
eracy; Red Cross and all women,
school children and citizens at the
station. Patriotic addresses were
made by the mayor and )r. Janes M.
Kibler, Rev. P. 1. Dibble and 1) A.
PAXVILl[ NEWS ITEMS
Miss Maud Bioyd of Lamar spent
last week witi friends here. She was
en route to Coker college.
Misses Iva Geddings and Pearl
llroadway will leave Tuesday for Rlock
Hill to resume their studies at Win
Mrs. W. L. hrunson and daughter,
Miss Lucille of Sumter, visited at the
home of Mrs. S. E. Curtis during last
Misses Alice and EImily Iroadwavy
have recently purchased a I)odgo
Miss ''abitha leddinsg leaves Tiues
(lay for Iaitsrille where she will be.
gin her second term at Coker college.
Mir. P'ostin of ('hesterfieldl has ae.
ceptedi ai position as cotton seedi buy
er for Mr i. TP. Reynolds Owen.
Tlhe trustees lhtve recently elected
M iss I'>,rte Perit of 0 M ulIints primary
te'ic(her andit to till the vacancy of Miss
('atherine MeEI veeni.
Miss Sadie Mims of Sumter visited
hon at week(''l hefore returniing toI'
Ga ftney, where she is a membher of the
senlot' thw a I ,imiestonle ('01lege.
Mris. lma Tiale and little son.
WVi lim lEdwartd, lef't TPhurisday for'
t heir hiomte at R~ock T11l1. On their
way honme they will visit Mirs. J. C.
Pate at Stnter and Mi's. C. P. Me.
Kniight it Winnsbor'o.
P rof. Senn and Miss Katheiine IRich
aridsoin wiere here last week in thle ini
terest of' the communtitiity f: ir and t,'
iiiaage forth boolie.r rip 'i oin neCxt
Monlday af(ternioon. They will visit
lottme Bri'ncth, lIig Branch and Si veir
oin ti s trilp an dei siri' all who will
accomitpanlyt themu Oin this r'oun d, hovziu
intg at lom 10 ran1ch~iel at 2:30 o'O'cloc.
Mliss'es A lice and 1Azz.',ie IHodge of'
Phi1adel phlia, Pa., spoilt last week at
the 1h0m11 (if thle Messr's. Hlodge near
town.i. MIiss Lizzie is a receint graduate
of thle nurses' Iraining school of thle
Womlanus' hiospit a1 of Pitladeplpha. Site
will pi'obltly locate in Columbia.
MILITARY GOVERNOR OF
Petriogradl, Sept. 18.-Thei provi
atonal gover'nienit lhas abolished then
host of mlilitar'y governlor of Pet rogratd
and~ retabttilihed thle ofilce of coin
miand~er of the troops of the Petrogr'ad
district. Col. Polkovnikoff 11as been
appointedl commandeii~r withl powers to
settle (luestloons relating to the food
supply and~ transport.
this week on account of
f a linotype operator.
and courtesy of Mr. Edw.
tendent of The Columbia
our reading matter set on
r. We are compelled to
I reading matter and we
aders for this issue.
MUCH INTEREST IN
NEW YORK PRIMARY
New York, Sept. 19.-An unusually
heavy vote was predicted by campaign
managers at today's primary election
in this city. Mayor John Purroy
Mitchell, fusion candidate for renomi.
nation, Is opposed in the Republican
primaries by former State Senator
William M. Bennett.
Tammany ihall and affiliated organi
'ations are striving for a heavy vote
for the D3emocratic candidates, to
show a iunito party. Mayor Mitchell
is supported by Republican district
The polls open at 3 p. in. and closo
9 p. m.
CAPTURE TWO STll.S
WITHIN FEW MILES OF SUMTER
)eptuity Sheriff IIazel 3oykin and
Rural Policemen Sam Newman and
Alex Norris Monday afternoon cap
tured a whiskev still in the house of
Peter lavis, colored, who live on
the edge of the Dingle mill swamp.
within sight of the Manning public
road about three miles from the city.
The still was a crude, home tinad'
affair, fabricated from a 60-pound lard
can, a few pieces of galvanized iron
pipe and a wooden trough. It is sup
posed to have a capacity of two to
three gallons of liquor a day. No
liquor was found in the house but
there were about 50 galolns of mash
on hand ready for distillation. 'T'lis
mans was made of a mixture of corn
meal and molasses, fermented in bar
rels. The still was operated on an
ordinary cok stove and the whole out
fit was of the sinplest character, but
Peter Davis, who was in charge of
the business, says it made whiskey
and that they had no ditliculty in dis
posing of the out put at $2 a quart.
When the stil was loated there
was no one at home, so the police
men disturbed nothing and set out to
captlitre the llionslin'rs. I2ale in
the afternoon they found Peter Da vis
at the house of one of his neighbors
andi1l arrested him without dilliculty.
ie told them that Albertus . li lott
was his partner and as Albertus was
well known in police circles as a IlII-!
tiger of long standing, tit-rt WaS no
diiiculty in identifying anid arresting
him. EIlliott of course leied aiy in
terest in or knowledge of the still
bta s nv~xeverthl(ess t aken inoto( cuis
todty and cominiitted to j.iul. lhivis
staitedl that. thtey had beeii riniig thle
still for abhott iV1( linhs aml4 sold
the litior as rapidlyl a-s ma de. The
reason there was 110o liquor on lihand
Monidayv was that th1ey did 11ot run1
the still Sunday and the demand for
lIquor (li Sunday was greater thian
the suintly'. PTey were iready to mak~le
an1 atll niight run1 'limt,. 5o 1s to b
prleparied to soupply t heir cu.stomilers
Oin 'Tuesdlay. T1wo ot er netgr(Ies are
atllegedl to bei inte'r-sted ill the st ill.
1u t t hey hiave no1 t beli arriested tfor
watnt of' siliient evliinc to ((on
Second Still Captured.
Th~e iraral plticemeon and leptly
ShieriffI lazel IHoy~kin ('apturedl an
other stil this imoring, this one. he
lng found in thle lrtigdoii ne-ighbor
hood. it was operated by lIavye Me.
Coy, a one-leg negro, inl a shiedrooii
of Ils house, no pairtitulair prec-al
tionts having beenl takent to) cocealI
the otilt. TPhe still. lIke the one1 (:ap
tilled Moniday aftternfoon, was ai hoine
imadioe affair, bitt was larger and heoteIr
made(1 than the other1 and had a dalily
capneacity of threie to f)ive ga loiis, it is
est Imatedl. No Iliuor was found11 Oin
Itle piemises, bitt ab lout -40 gallons of
fermlen ted mash, or "'beer" ats It is
termed, in tubis andl kegs were se'ized
In the satme room as the still. IDave
McCoy ,the owner of thie still, was
arresitedl and( brouight to jail. The still
winas not in olperatlon wh'leni thle (flbe
eras madel theo ralid, hut. Mc~oy wals
abotut readoy to make a rn, ats thle
mashl was g!ood an sour,011' lirol in)
formaltlin reCceived thle Olli(Oirs are'
satisfied thlat tihe still had lb-en In
opleration for somel timle and (liat Mc
Coy had been dolig a flourishintg bui-l
ness.- -Suit' lino
ASKED BY BAKER
Secretary of War Tells Senate
Committee $287,416,000 More
Should Be Tacked On to the
Wa',shington, Sept. 19.--'.ith 'lie t;'
ginning tIoday of senate hearings on
$7,000,000,000 deficiency bill, passed
yesterdlay by the house, Secretary
Baker presented tstitates for addi
tional apprtopri tions of $287,411;,001.1,
prilcipally for ordnance an(1 the en
"The su binis.-.ion of all these esti
miates" Secretary Ha1ker said, "is made
necessa ry in order to provide inicreas
od facilities for the manufact tre, is"
sie, and storage 'of ordnance material;
for equipment of an additional half
million men, in anticipation of a call
for that number; for procuring ad -
d:tional rifles and an additional sup.
ply of sinall arils aiifhlttion tort ma
chine gun, rifle and pistol target prac -
tice of an army of 2,300,000; for con
struction 7ork with 'vhich the etgi
neer corps is charged in France and
for ettuipment of fpecial t0oops op).
rating in the theater of war in Eu
REPLY OF AUSTRIA
TO POPE BENEDICT
Amlsterdatn, Sept. 19.--Austria's re
ply to Pope lenediet's peace pro
posals, says the Wienet' Allgemeine
Zeitung, will be handed to the papal
nuncio at Vienna on Thursday and
will be ptblished on Saturda,.
The reply wil cotfiine itself to a de
tailed discussion of the pope's sugges
tions. The report that it will contain
new and1( a.stonishing peace proposals,
the Vienna newspaper adds, is abso
lutely at variance with the facts.
PRESIDENT WILSON'S NEW
AIDE PRESENTED TODAY
Washingt on. Sept. 19.-3ajori C.
It hi ly, engineer Corps, U. S. A., was
presented today to P'resident Vilson
by (Col. V. W. I 1ar ts, whose place as
military aide to the presidelnt he is
io a5sumill0. ?a ajor Ridle,, has been
stationed at Vilington, N. C., for tile
last two mtont hs. Col. Hlarts pr~obably'
will no to France within a short timge.
- ) -.
BY BRITISH TROOPS
lonilet, Sept. 19-T1he official
:tatePrntent is:suett today by the British
7 r off:ic~e canneerning mtilitalry o~per
;:tlions in lFrance allnd Btelgiutm says:
"The stecestfl r'aid against the
(te'lm; i posit ions in litver'ne ss (Cops5e,
(epoted! in e."t ighs co': ((lumunliquttef
w'a made lv trops of th' Y ork and
1 1 ncster rI ments1?('1 .
It f toIt r-' t."
-------- ------ -
AGREEMENT ON TRADING
WIH ENEMY BILL NEAR
\\' shintoni, Seipt. 19. i ,ampttet
greeme t by ghtIn : iii
it A n t ad i wit h ti h - i i i - a- y bl
Odid Fcto'i'a ir Patrio.tz: Parr~de.
!ing t ( '.tr d i itn ult h tover
I rat-lmd Itoday .otlw p. rt ini a pari
PATRIOTIC SPEECHES ARE
MADE BY GREENWOOD MEN
(Greenwo'tod, Sept. 1 9. Sieeral hiun
drtedl( Grt'tenw '-oil county Peop lt' hadeIt
far;ewelI toti the stecond Iatincremot of
53I men wi xho Ieft shoirtly after I non for
Camtil Jatclson on a special tirain
fromt t eidmont section.
F'erven tly lat iot it siieettthtei ee
madtte by (C. C. Feathtiers Itone anad -& .
SminithI. Thle mien arate itta hage or
Clatudte ItIey Enter'son. o'ireo;lyV of
I lodges, whoc catme votl unt 't iiy froim
On tario to serive as a t'nnetiioF
WILL MAKE A TOUR
OF BATTLE FRONTS
War Department Expected to An
nounce plans Shortly-Every
Division Commander to Make
\Wasl' ngton, Sept. 19.---lmiuolar and
National (huard general oft ors com
in lP! lig divisional training encam is a r
to be sent to Icurope on an observa
ion tottr of the baItle front:-, return
ing to enrry on (heir training dutiei
at. ith close of the tolur. Fornal a:
nltla emellt of this plan by the war
department is expected.
inder the voluntary cenisorshi i
speciie movem)ents of general officer
may 110 be published wvitlot anthori
zation of the' military authorities. For
this reason the list of 'livisional con
mianders alirea(y select :'ct to make the
tour will be available only when the
depar tienI's annotlllcenent is mlade.
It is assumed, however, that If post .
ble, every divisilca: commander will he
given an opport unity inl time to tam(1 Lii
iarize himself somewhat with actual
w'ar conditions abroad.
''he e:ily stages of the miobiliza..
tion and trainin.g of the National
Cuard and National army division,:
will tV lift to the brigrade and regi
mienta'l commanders, leaving the offi
cer, of the divisional I -taXf to hant! ;
the larger (inestions.
'1'he first weeks of the traiiii nig am
work will be deoled largely to get
ting the m'ien equi(pped : id classitied
to the various :Arms of the service, and
the perio:d will be (Iev;'ted w!ie-reve'
possible to the (obServat ion toul
r.h road for g o en.r off ileers.
MUST QUIT FRENCH
AERIAL CORPS TO
JOIN DRAFT ARMY
New York Man, Member of the
Famous LaFayette Escadriele,
is Ordered Into Service by the
New York Exemption Boards..
New York, Sept. 19. --tinir a de
cision by the New York ('ity' di'trici
bea-rd of appeals, IIcilert Dick SmithIi,
a member of the f Iamous l.a ay:ette
escadrille, must give ill his (ullties as
an air fighter with tire French army.
and return to this countrv and enter
the national arminy. smith registered
by mail and his certit io'cn for S11,
vi(.e as a conscript 'wa:S alpealed jy
h!is brother. Frlan:'-s N. 11mi111.
'Tlhe :1 was a;ccoplt;aniedl by 1(-t
tors f rota1 0l'!is rr of 1the esca1drili .
-x 11ing th:' Smith I as in active se
\icer. TIhe onely oppiortunllity, he h'as of
eting Ill rmission to rema11in with the
eseadriille, it w1as statel, is a spe(-cial
rulina l 1Pi'rovc'st .\larlhal General
('row1: der at \\'ashigetIen.
TG BU 7}SINESS MIEN
CAN HELP WIN WAR
Developmnn of Transportation
andc Functions of Commercial
Organizations Sutbjects Before
U. S. Chamber ComereIC.
thel Ilhief top1l2s 1i < .r -$42io at I+
da~y's 5essjin of th I ar t, o nvent (o1
s in . ~ .ake r ( j 'l m a n o ft t t I . I 2
l&i leaers i busi1e-: (4 ird 1.
tryv. In addition1. 5everal4 1!rou0 h =.el 1
inlgs wer'Ie h1(1ld during lii'- da fo th--'
spec'ial <21ns 1ieratin ef IfueI 421nr:ln -
111ion1, letterl 1use 0f fri'ih. I ars I'l m' 112
irucks and1( tro(lleys, 2, 424 11p 1 114 in 211
the toed hIrob1lem. econoi:-ls ini Ic
111e of mat erhtils, 12owerI and1 del ive'ry'2
services, sayIng onl stoaI space'51ii2(, (21.
ganization of' governmen!2 lt hn u. 1 r
and1( anti(cipa1ted. and hiow mnaufa2
organize better' to servne the govern,
mient nnel1 (ievelno thele' nonitt