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VOL XXXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 28, 1918 No.-1
Allies Give Ground in South, But Line
Holds and Reserves are Coming
GERMANS ADVANCE 8 MILES
Germans Claim Capture of Many
Towns and 15,000 Prisoners, Bit
Later Reports Favor the Allies
-Americans Take Cantigny
in Brilliant Assault
Italians Make Gains
e great German military machine
i fin ull motion along the twenty
mile front in the Aisne river sector
between Vailly and Berry au Bac, and
greatly outnumbered, the British and
French are giving ground.
Acording to the German official
communication numerous towns and
villages in the fighting zone have
been taken by the enemy and 15,000
Allied troops already have been made 1
At the last accounts the Germans
were endeavoring to press back the
defenders upon the Vesle river, which
runs parallel with the Aisne, and at,(
several points had reached positions i
dominating the Vesle valley. The of
fensive is being carried out with the
greatest rapidity, for the GaiTan I
high command evidently is well aware
of the fact that Gen. Foch's reserves
have been reported to be coming up I
rapidly to reinforce the nard pressed
British and French, who are fighting
-valiantly against the terrible odds,
and making wave upon wave of the
enemy pay dearly in casualties for
every foot of ground they obtain.
Allied Front Intact
Notwithstanding the rapidity of the
drive and the large number of the
enemy pressing it-some unofficial
reports place the number of shock '
troops alone at twenty-five divisions, I
or abut 300,000 picked men-the Al
lied front nowhere has been pierced,
but under the onslaught it has bent I
back in perfect order and all the time
With such precision has the retire
ment been conducted that both the
British and French troops 'iave been
able to carry back with them all of
their supplies and guns or destroy
those they were not abe to handle. 1
At present it is impossible geo
graphically to depict the extent of
the German gains, but it would seem
evident that the deepest salient they t
have driven is due east of Vailly
about eight miles.
Runs Sorely Harassed
Although the Germans, for the mo
ment at least, seemingly are having
their own way on the southern part
of the line in France, or the sectors
around Montdidier and southwest of
Ypres they are being sorely harassed I
by the Americans, British and French.
Tuesday's fighting in the vicinity
of Montdidier will mark an epoch in
the war, so far as the American
troops are concerned. Here in an at
tack they captured their first village
-Cantigny, which lies a short dis
tance northwest of Montdidier. They
also took several other objectives and
held all of them in the face of counter
attacks. The Germans suffered se
vere losses in men killed and wounded
and in addition left behind them 200
men made prisoner, among them two
officers. The American casualties
were relatively smalli The German
official report announces the taking
of American prisoners. The repert
EARLY FRENCH REPORT
Jattle Rages Fiercely Between Vesle
Paris, May 28.--The Germans last!
night crossed the Aisne between Ber
ry-au-Bac and Vailly, it is announced'
officially. The battle continues fierce
ly between the Vesle and Aisne rivers.
The announcement follows:
"Last night about ten enemy air
planes which were flying toward Paris
were reported by our lookout. An
alarm was given at 10:32 P. M. and.
anti-aircraft batteries threw up a cur
tam of fire.
"Several bombs were thrown on the
.more remote suburbs. No enemy ma
chine flew over Paris. The 'all clear'
signal was given at 11:45 P. M."
GERMANS PUT ON NOTICE
Not to Communicate Through Red
Amsterdam, May 28.--A notice ap
appears in German newspapers giving
warning against attempts to commun..
jcate by mail with Germans in Amer
ica through neutral Red Cress organi
zations under cover of Red Crost en
velopes. The notice says such letters
are invariably opened by the Ameri
can authorities and may give valuable
information regarding conditions in
The warning aloes not apply 'to
war prisoners and interned civilians.
NOT RECOGNIZED BY ALLIES
London, May 28.-:-Lord Robert Ce
cUl, minister of blockade,.oald that the
diplomatic representatives of the Al
lies at Jassy had notified Runmania
tWat their government could but con
s der as null and void the stipulations
of pece forced upon Rumania, ias
,~pias they violated the interests of
tMAllied . Powere atnd the principles
feW which they were fighting.
from American headquarters showi
rely two Americans missing.
Huns Yield Greancvmd
Likewise south of .Ypres the enemy
-eceived hard usage.; at the. hands of
he British and French, east of Dicke.
>usch lake, where Monday the Ger
nans in an attack had taken ground
starting immediately after the gaih
vas made the British and French be.
an counter-attacks in an endeavo2
o wipe out the captured salient, and
['uesday succeeded in completely ,pt.
ifying the enemy's manoeuver.
On Italian Front
The Italians are keeping up theis
>ffensive against the Austriana on va.
'ous sectors in the mountain regior
mad along the lower reaches of th<
iave river. At Cape Sale near the
driatic coast, the Italians penetrated
he enemy lines to a depth of more
han 750 yards, including nuineroc
Air Raid Fai)
Again the Germans have endeav.
red to carry out an air raid oven
aris. Ten of their machines succeed.
-d in reaching the suburbs of the
?rench capital and dropping several
>ombs, but the air defenses kept their
rom invading the city itself. The lont
ange German gum continue to baur
3rojectiles into Paris.
German Frightfi :lnuam
'Frightfulness" har been carriec
mut against American hospitals, be
mind the lines by German airmen. Sev.
ral bombs Were dropped near the ho,.
ital, but no damage was do&'.
London, May 28.-F:efdd Iarsha
laig's report from France tonight.
"Counter-attacks this morning b}
rench and British troops re-estab.
ished our line east c( Dicketuset
The text of the officia! report iron:
ield Marshal Haig tonight reads;
"Counter-attacks carrie4 out ear'
his morning by French and Britisl
roops successfully re-established om
inc east of Dickebusch Lake. S''e:a
)risoners were captured in the ene,
ny's attacks yesterday in thi sectoi
mnd to the south as far as Locre foul
Lerman divisions are known to bav<
"In the course of the fighting heavy
osses were inflicted on these div2
ions. The Allied line has been main
ained at all points.
"On the remainder of the Britial
ront there is nothing to report be
rond artillery activity on both side,
n the different sectors.
German Advance Stopped
Paris, May 28.-H. y counter--at
.acks by the French - roops stoppe<
he German advance . . the heights o
Ieuville-Sur-Margiva. an-. Vregny
northeast of Soissone. and I other
eights dominating the valley of the
lesle river, according to the war of
ice statement tonight. The Germani
owever, succeeded in crossing th
esle in the region of Bar oches ni
Situation More Reassuriug
Paris, May 28.-The situation to
uight is more reassuring. The bites
idvices from the front show tha
vhile the violence of the enemy's of
ort as yet is unabated, he 4H onl,
naking headway on :tie enter an
.hat even there the Germar, moiierj
.um is giving signs of slackening. Th<
Allies are beginning to react with of
ect on the wings.
MUST RETAIN IEL.C41U(
[)eclares Admiral von. Tirpit in Ad
dress at Dhuiseldorf
Amsterdam, M~ay 28.--'W.- mu
-etain Belgiunm economIcally, pohiti
ally and militarily," declared Adir
von 'Tirpitz, former German minis
;er of marine, 'in an address at Dus
teldorf on Sunday, as quohid in the
Maichrichten, of that city.
The admiral's address was delivere<
>efore the Dusseldorf branch of thi
-eactionary of the Fatherland party
f which he is one of the leading spir
ts. Speaking of Germany's requ ire
nients of the war he said:
"Neither Central Europe, the O)rien
1or Northern Europe can suppiy u
with the raw materials requisite t,
>ur indlustries. We need to have thi
iea free from Anglo-Saxoa tyrann:
ror that purpose."
A pparently the admiral did no
nention the submarine warfare, whiel
,vas dliscussed at the sagteo meeting ii
highly optimistic manner by Her
Blachmeister, a Deputy in the Land
PARIS-TO-LONDON AIR MAIL
Paris, May 28.--Aviators De Vi
mne and Lorgnat flow from Paris t<
London and back in a nydro-airplani
'esterday in three hours and ten miin
ates, carrying mail.
.It was the first tip in connectioi
with an aerial postal service betweei
[England and France which is being
KILLED ON AVIATION FIELD)
New York, May 28.--Cadet Charli
B. Passwaitet', of Noblesville, Ind,
was killed at the Hempstead L. I.
urmy aviation field today, wisen ai
uirplane in which he attempted to no
otiae a"tal sin"at an atitude o:
.,00fe rse othe rund.
GERMANS STRIKING I
HARD B[FORE U. S.
GETS MEN OVER
Trying to Break Through Bfore U. S.
AS WASHINGTON VIEWS IT
American Military Men Believe At
tacks Yesterday Are Only h
Washington, May 27.-Germany ap- v
parently has launched another des- t
perate attempt to smash her way f
through the Allied armies to victory u
before American troops can reach the c
battlefields of France and Flanders in r
great force. I.
Associated Press reports from the <
British and French fronts telling of s
I the new assaults which may mean I
I that the supreme test of power is at t
hand, were conveyed to President Wil- i
son just as he was leaving the White
House for the cepitol to ask Congress c
for legislation to provide more money s
for the war. The President, empha- t
sized his request by telling the House j
and Senate in joint session that the f
great enemy offensive apparently had
Later Mr. Wilson went to the State. 1
War and Navy building for brief I
conferences with Secretaries Lansing, '
Baker and Daniels. It was taken for r
granted that the pr;mary object of
,.he visit was to seek official news .
from the battefront, and while there t
were reports that the President dis- j
cussed other phases of the world sit
uation with the department heads, r
they were not given the slightest con
firmation inofficial quarters.
No official information had come
to suplpement the press dispatches
from the front.
Preliminary Moves t
Army officials studied the press ac- I
counts closely for signs of the German t
purpose. The fact that on-, blow was a
launched at the southern end of the
Picardy-1.'.anders battie line an:1 the'<
other.at almost the extreme north end I
of the 200-mile front, was taken as I
direct evidence that today's attacks
were only preliminary moves in the
German strategic designs.
Extension of the active battle front
to the Aisne sector on the south would
mean adding forty or fifty miles to
the fighting lines at a time when the
German army needs every unit it can
get together in centralized positions
1within the wide salient driven into the
Allied lines by the first rush. Offi
cials here agree with the French crit
ics that the most probable place for
the renewal of the drive to develop
would be in the Albert sector of the
Amiens front. An advance there would
menace Paris and the channel ports.
Explanation of Delay
An explanation of the long delay
l of the Germans in renewing the of
Ifensive has been found in the forty
I mile stretch of shell-torn roads over
which they had to move up guns and
ammunition before they could resume
pressure of the Amiens line with
massed power. Many officers thought
tonight's extension of the offensive to
I the Aisne theater was merely a feint
preparatory to a later attack in the
Albert region, or near Amiens, the
'point of maximum penetration, and
where American units now block the
road with British and French com
rades. It was pointed out the long
sweep of the French line from Mont
didier southeast to Pinon, the northern
flank of the new German thrust, had
constituted a great me(nace to the
whole German position mn the Picardy
IOthers contended that the new blowv
was struck directly at Paris and the
long range gun brought into action
against that city again in order to
force Gen. F~och, supreme commander
to mass reserves on that side.
From the F~rench p~oint of view the
road to Paris must be dlef ended at all
costs. The British, of course, attach
supreme importance to the channel
ports. Thle new Geraman thrusts ap
pearedl to be cunningly planned to
exert the greatest p~opular pressure on
the Alliedl leaders to dIraw their re
serve strength to the south and north,
gradually weakening tife line in the
center. The center is north of Amiens
probably, from a military standpoint.,
around Albert. Some observers are
convincedl that if the blows to the
north and south pr5ove effective for a
few days, compelling reinforcements
of both lines, the situation will change
overnight at the psychological mo
Iment andl the real weight of Germany
might he hurled at the weakened cen
NOTI TRUE, SAYS PRIEST
Refutes Charge of Sinn Fein Conspir
acy with Hluns
Dublin, May 27.-The Rev. M.alachi
MacBranan has given out the follow-.
ing signedl statement:
"As a priest and a member of the
Sign Fein executive for th~e past year,
I givo you my word of honor that the
government's official statement that
negotiations have been carried on be
tween the Sinn Fein exe'cutive and
Germany is a falseisood and that a
German Invasion was never discussed
by the Sinn Fein executive commit
ARE MUCH PUILl[D
'nable to Decide What German Ob
MAY BE THRUST FOR PARIS
Or Same Old Effort to Crush Britishj
and Split Allied Line
Washington, May 28.-Military men
ere are without sufficient informa
ion about the new German drive on
he Aisne front to form conclusive
iews as to wvhat developments are
o be expected. In spite of the wide
ront of attack and the large forces
sed by the enemy there still was
oubt in the minds of most officers to
ight whether a real thrust toward
'aris by a new route was in progress,
r NC- -fher the blow is only a bloody
trategic move to pave the way for
iter renewal of the effort to crush
he British army and split the allied
ne near Amiens.
On the basis of accounts so .far re
eived the opinion prevailcd that no
ubstantial success had yet awarded
he German effort. In the north,
round Locre, he has evidently suf
ered a complete repulse.
It was admitted however, that re
firth from the Aisne front in the
outh were unsatisfactory in that they
howed little or nothing of what is
ranspiring beyond the fact that a
rossing of the Aisne had been forced
y the Germans. Where great caution
ni a few words of any positive na
ure mark mark the official commun
lue, observers here have been led by
xperience to fear that greater in
oads than are announced have been
ade by the enemy.
The good results of unified com
and under Gen. Foch, officers here
relieve, already are to be shown in
he new operations, in striking con
ranst to the confusion in the Allied
anks that followed the original at
ack begun March 21. There are as
'et no reports tending to show the 1
ew attack ha sheen attended by any
evelopments for which Gen. Foch
ad not been prepared in advance. I
South Carolina has at last reacl
sales of War Savings Stamps. This
It marks an important stage of the \
and the South Carolina War Saving
time when the people of this state st
the magnitude of the War Savings pro
In the Third Liberty Loan, S
$15,000,000, of the national quota of
WAR SAVINGS CAMPAIGN THE I
LION DOLLARS, AND YET THIS
twice the amount allotted In the Libe
was based on the state's bank resourc
on the population, and during the ye
vidual Is expected to be invested in
realized that no one individual can In
tude of the campaign becomes evid
means that practically every man, wol
year, and lend the savings to the Gov
Four months have passed and Sot
million dolhars' worth of the stamp
state's quota. Unless South C'arolins
lion dollars' worth monthlly during th'
campaign will fall- -anod 5.uthi Caro
state. South Cariolina, which has fro
a state which failed to lend money
fighting amen, who are leaving for th
assurance that the honme people0 wil
them, so that their con fidence will I
We know that the people of thi
dollars and lend It to the Giovernml
believe they will--hut not1 unless el
regularly, often, and c'onscie~ntiouisly, 1
Savings Stamixps, which bear inte restl
compoundted quart erly. Our peoplei
withi the hiavish purchase of non-essen
t he government. That means saving
thing that we hold dear.
Signs are encouraging. The firn
have been sold, half of which were s
ing the past two months the weekly
tially, and this increase must continu
ing In this way should start without
stantly to their war savings certifical
States relies on the War Savings mo'
weapons It can wIeld against Germs
buIld the weapon. You are not aske
at liberal Interest and on the strongeu
D~on't let South Carolina be kno'
and Talk War Savings Stamnps-lnv<
resources. It is a duty that only sl
will evade. Since as little as 25c ca1
a person buying war Savings Stamps
can be no excuse for any loyal An
not Investing. Save-save for victo
America, for South Carolina, for ye
for all that tree nanple hold dear.
It is with a feeling of pride in the
younty that I submit the final report
f the Second War Fund Campaign.
The fund amounts to $42,500-four
times our allotment, with $500 over.
This is a record which, I am sure,
ins not been excelled by any com
nunity in the United States. It is
material evidence that the people of
Clarendon "are of one spirit, purpose
mnd determination with our warriors."
To mention the part of the county
which has stood out by reason of its
ood work and generous contributions
vould be simply to say "Clarendon,"
for there is no community which has
excelled the others. True, some lo
:-alities may have given more than
thers, but they had a greater popula
tion and larger wealth. Everywhere
yur people have subscribed liberally,
in accordance with their means, which
is the true measure of giving. Nor
THE PRISON CAMIP INQUIRY
ermany States How Prisoners May
Washington, May 28.-In response'
:o this government's inquiry regard
ing regulations in German prison
:-amps, Germany has replied through
he Spanish embassy in Berlin that
prisoners may be interviewed by in
spectors without presence of witness
s, if previous notice of inspection has
:een given; otherwise witnesses must
HUNS LOSE MANY 'LANES
British Destroy Fifteen; Bring Down
London, May 28.-Fifteen German
irplanes have been destroyed by Brit
ish aviators and three others driven
lown out of control, according to. the
British official communication on avi
ation issued tonight. The communi
-ation says also that five tons of
bombs have been dropped on the l
Mannheim-Metz railroad station.
ted the milon dollar mark in the
figure was r-a' hel about May 1.
Jar Savings eanl.paiga in this .ate,
a Committee feels that noiw is the
ould becomte iee-ply imr tessed with
blen that confronts South ('arolina.
uth Carolina's quota was nearly
three billions of dollars. IN THE
JATIONAL QUOTA IS TWO OIL
>TATE MUST RAISE $32,000.000
rty Loan. The Liberty Loan quota
es; the War Savings quota is based
ar an average of $20 for each indi
War Savings Stamps. When it Is
est In over $1,(00 worth, the magni.
ent. Fo.- the state to succeed, it
nan, and child must save during the
ath Carolina has purchased only one
s-only one thirt y-s(e(ond( of the
purchases atn average of four mil
i remainintg month ls of ate year. thle
lIna will b~e branded-a as a shacker
ly gi-.en its men, will he knowna as
at goad interest to has-k up thaore
e hat tle fron6 with t he con 1h(1tt
I st and by thlemii. Let us savme for
a state can save thirty-two million
mnt. WVe know thev want to. \\e
'e'ry manr. womoan . anad c-hild( saveas
and Invests theas mon'y saved in War
it thle rats oft 4 pier cen't. pe asnnatua.
nusl pratis-ae ti ft muast di ipenti.
I hals and bs:na th moneysaas inte 'ad to
for viactory, ftor huanUii ty, for e very
it million dollars' worth of stamps
ld within the last six weeks. Dur
sales have been increasing suabstan
a. Those who have not started sav
delay, while othero should add con
es. The Government of the Unitedi
rement as one of the most powerful
mny, and South Carolina must help
d to GIVE-merely to LEND-lend
t securIty the world knows.
vn as a slhtsker state. liumy, Thinak,
st in thetm to the lImit of your
start ' -- - - - - - -
tytor M WNOTG
IISUrb av TttR
aursolf' UNITED STATER
ins there been any distinction as to
rnce or color, for the colored people
f the county have reason to be proud
>f the splendid way in which they
iave responded to the call.
Eac1' and every worker in the cam
paign has done his best, working ear.
ly and late, and neglecting his busi
ness in many instances, so that every.
)ne in the county could have an op.
portunity to subscribe. To each of
them a large measure of praise and
thanks is due.
It has been a source of inspiration
to your chairman to take part in this
noble work, for everywhere the -call
has met with such a generous re
sponse and such unfailing loyalty
and sympathy that I have felt th'at
the "(lay of righteousness and justice
and peace" of which our President
speaks, must be nearer.
E. C. HORTON,
FRENCII CRITICS B[[I[VE
THIS TO BE MAIN DRIVE
French Critics No Longer Consider it
HUNS TAKE STRONG POSTS
Initial Efforts of Crown Prince Un
fortunately Resulted in Soine
Paris, May 28.--The military erit
ics now consider that the idea that the
:('rman offensive launched yesterday
between Soissons and Rheims is a di
version must be abaioned, since the
movement has developed into a great
battle along a thirty-mile front.
The enemy's initial effort, saysiThe
Temps, having unfortunately obtain
ed for the troops of the German
Crown Prince some notable advan-.
tages, as they succeeded in carryke
the Chem in-Des- Dames and thrusting
back the Franco-British contingents
from the Aillette to the Aisne. The
enemy command has at once made
every effort to exploit the success.
Huns l'aid Dearly
The results of the first day of the
long expected German offensive are
considered in competent French quar.
ters as sati:.factory. By paying the
price, it is contended, it was inevita
ble that the enemy could gain ground.
After the terrific struggle throughout
the day of yesterday the (ermans, at
ai rumnous cost, advanced at the far
thest point three and a half mile.
Enough for Cemetery
Military officials say the enemy has
wAon enough ground to oury his dead
aid that is all. At no point has the
Entente Allied Line he-.n pierced. In
close contact with the foe, it has
moved hack step by step, accordir.g to
schedule, giving G(en. Foci all the
time he needs to place .is reserves -
those reserves whose whereahoue, is
an anxious mystery to the Germans.
just where he wants them.
Military opinion is divided a.. to
whether the German drive on the
Aisne front is an effort to break thru
it Soissons and make a darh for Par
is by way of Villers-Cotterets, or
whether it is a manoeuver prelmiinary
to and for the purpose of concealing
the eventual - in attack against
Sums Cl Sit oation
The military critie of The Ten)p
suns up the situation as follows:
"The enemy, who had a carefully
prepallIredl plhm, who had chosen th'e
hour for its executioni, and who had
his re'serves ready to strike where
they could1( be enmployedf most effec
tively, engaged Monday evening with
fresh, forces, whic'h were in highly
superior number to those with which
we (opposedl him.
TIhe Aisne Crossued
"T'lhe enemy in conserluence of this
has1, suicceeded' in croine---* t h - Aisne
between Vailly and lierry-Au-back, on
a front of ab~out twenty miles. The
Franco-lItrit ish forces wit hdrew to the
valley of the Vesle:, which flows sonme
six miles south of the A isne, in the
region of the plateau, behind which
our reserves are a1rrivinug."'
,llenrcy liu, the miilitary critic of
I he .1 onurnal I l eISiebts, says the en.
cmy beggmn the iiffensive with somec
"'I I htad enormious inumeriad supe
riority,"' M. lIidon continues. " Aginst
these the AllIied f ront was held by a
few French idiv isions, 1W d on tihe right
in ('hnmpagni. by a small num'ber- of
exahusted firitish dlivisions."
.liidou calenubates that the Ger
mans had from n inety' to 100 divisions
fruse im the, battle, of which thev
employed one- th ird for the initia't
I .ondon,, May . .-- lIrit ish enasualties
rep~orted in the week endedi today
reached a total of 331,694. Taciy are
divided~ as follows:
Killed or diedl of wounds : officers,
168; men, ,,,527. Wounded or missing:
Officers, 735; men, 29,284.
'fie total for last wveak wvas 36,677
.ur the week before, 41,612, the
largest of ainy week since the begin
ning of the, German offensive. The
falling off in the totals reflects the
lull in the fighting between the at
tek which ended in April and the one