Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXVIII MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 5,1918 N. 22
AMERICAN SHIPS ON TH[
TRAIL OF TH1 UHOA1
Important Information Established I
to the Effect. that U-bo..t that
Sank American Ships is of
Cruiser Type and at. Least
225 Feet in Length
Washington, June 4.-The Germa
man U-boats which have taken a to
of eleven American ships off the Ne'
York and New Jersey coast within tei
last ten days are either successfull
Nding, ready to strike at the nex
safe target, or streaking away for
secret base of refuge and new sup
No officer of the United tates nay
has yet had a look at the prowlin
raiders. The evidence that they hav
been in American waters exists onl
in the known record of destruction an
statements of the hapless civilian sail
ors, some of whom were prisoners fo
The facts relating to ships dt
stroyed are irrefutable, but it has no
been established definitely that mor
than one U-boat has penetrate
American home waters. There is noth
ing in the official reports to verif
the statement that five enemy sub
marines have been seen off the Vi!
Probably a Decoy
Navy officials consider it highl
probable that the object repotcj as
companion to the raide. w)l san
the schooner Edward M. Ile, of
Barnegat, N. J., or. Sunday, was noth
ing more than a decoy.
This is a summaryi f the repor
Secretar' of the Navy Josephus Dan
iels is understood to have made at to
day's meeting of the tabinet at th
The president is said to have bee
informed that every available nay
ship in home waters is being employe,
in the search for the enemy vessel o
Tlhe: important information whic1
has been established, according t
Secretary Daniels, is that the U-boa
which carried out the operation
against American shipping was of th
cruiser type and at least 225 feet i
The reported statement of the Ger
man commander that he had bee
away from his home base for approx
imately two months is by no mean
regarded as an impossibility. Th
embarrassing question is where ha
the raider been in the time intervein
ing before the date of the first sink
ing off the Atlantic coast, which wit
about May 25.
If this could be explained the mat
ter of a secret German base on tli
American continent could be mor
easily solved. There w"ould also b
less apprehension concerning th
number of mines scattered in th
lanes of coastwise ocean traffic.
Replenishing Food Supplies
Even if there is no base, there i
official basis for the opinion that th
raider has been able to replenisi
stores of both food and fuel from th
vessels known to have been destroyed
Under such favorable conditions, i
is asserted the U-boat may have beei
in the vicinity of the United State.
for many weeks an<% still continue it
depredations, if successful in dodgini
the fleet now taking part in the see
Apparently the German pirate skip
per did not idle away his time alonj
the Atlantic coast when there wer<
abhips in sight which he dared attack
Mmins are thought to have been plant
ed in several districts. Discovery o
one of these mines off the Delawar
capes was anniounced by the navy de
partment in the following statement
"The navy department has receive<
a report from the commandant of th
fourth naval dlistrict that at 11 o'cloel
today a naval mine sweeper operat
mag' off the Delaware capes picked ui
."This is the same general locatioi
mn which the tnaker Pratt was suni
"The movements of' shipping are be
ing carefully regulated, andl the mim
sweeping is, of course en o
tinued."se ben co
It is stated authoritatively that th
mine, which was of German manu
t acture, had been anchored slighth
below the surface of the water, in or
der to avoid detection.
Mallory Liner Meets Sub Bletweei:
Charleston and Fryingpan,
An Atlantic Port, June 4.-Th<
Mallory liner Sabine, from Tampa t<
New York, with forty passengers
came in here this morning and re.
portedl that she met with a snbmarint
yesterday between Charleston and
Fr ying Pan Shoals lightship. A see.
ond vessel, the identity of which ii
unknown came to the rescue of th<
liner and chased the submarine oui
The Merchants and Miners steam
or, Nantucket, Jacksonville to New
York, also arrived here this morning
having been warned by ena unknow,
vessel that enemy submarines were ii
the vicinity of Frying Pan shoali
NURSES WILL NOT FALTER
Bombing of Hospitals Will Not De
Washington, June 3.-The deliber
ate bombing of hospitals by Germa
fliers will not deter American nurse
s from seeking service in France, sai
Miss Jane A. Delano, director of th
department of nursing of the Re
Cross, in a statement today.
"The persistent bombing of Re
Cross hospitals just as our drive t
obtain enrollment of military nurse
n begins, may be a coincidence," sai
i1 Miss Delano. "If, however, the Ger
v mans believe that such methods wil
e have any effect in deterrring Ameri
g can nurses from volunteering for hos
t pital' work, they are badly mistaken.
a "Tactics of frightfulness will mere
ly send more and more of them t
back up our men. If it is the Germai
y intention of frightening our wome1
y they will find that American womei
e do not know how to retreat any mor
y than do our boys in Picardy. The en
d rollment of nurses will be Americas
- womanhood's answer."
26 .'ISSING ON TRANSPORT
t Three Officers and Twenty-three En
- Washington, June 3.-Three offi
cers and twenty-three enlisted me:
of the navy were reported missing to
day from the torpedoed Americal
transport President Lincoln. One of
ficer was captured by the submarines
y Among the enlisted men reporte<
a missing are: G. B. Johnson, Decatur
k Tenn.; George B. Hoffman, Ridle
f Park, Va.: Frederick W. Wilson, Jr
- Denison, Texas; Arthur T. Jefferson
Jacksonville. Fla., and Robert s
t Walker, Chattanooga, Tenn.
- None of the survivors was sCx:i1,sl
- in.jured. The transport was attacked a
e 9:53 a. m. May 31. Three torpedoe:
were discharged, sinking the ship h
n eighteen minutes. The submarine wa:
not sighted until after the torpedue:
1 were shot.
r American destroyers, returning t<
port with survivors sighted a subma
h rine at noon on Saturday and attacke<
o it. The dispatches to the navy do no
t report the result.
~ FOR RIVER NAVIGATION
Washington, June 3 -Presiden
Wilson was asked today by a commit
tee of Congressmen to sarction u.m o
a part of the $500,000.000 appropriat
e ed for the railroad ad.iinistration ?co
sie stim.>ltion of n rtgation on the
. lower MiIeissippi, 'la .k WVirrror an
other S-,.thern river., by :ouippxr,
them v ib brats ann barges. The con
mittee, which called at the Whit
House, consisted of Senators Rans
e dell, Bankhead, Fletcher and Nelsoi
U and Representatives Small, Oliver an,
e President Wilson was told that no
e "'ore than $20,000,000 would be re
quired, which would tacilitate ship
luents of fuel, oil and other commodi
ties needed, particularly by vevne',
leaing Southern prots.
'TOBACCO A NECESSiTT
t Producers Will he Given Preferentir
B Washington, June 3.-Tobacco ha!
been classed by the government as
necessity and, producers will be giver
preferential fuel supplies. Senator
Swanson, of' Virginia, was informer
by the War Industries Board todlas
xnm response to an inquiry that thi
.board was working out with the ie
adIministration a plan for suipplyinr.
f the industry with coal.
1his is the P
14th to June
. Poet Offie.........
sTO THE SECRETARN
L, the above signle4
In addition to those 1
agree to buy War Say
as shown in margin aci
I PURTHERl~ PLEDG1
SAVE AND EOONOMI
WIN THE WAIL
Tota War U
Stampa may be bong
HURL GERMAN H
Fighting Shoulder to Shoulder With e
French, Uncle Sam's Soldiers, Bar
Road to Paris Against Huns (
INVASION ABOUT HALTED i
Only Gains Recorded by Germans
Yesterday Were Slight Gains: Be
tween the Aisne and the Ourcq
The Americans on the sectors where
they are alone or brigaded with Allied
troops e-eiywhere are fightin-r with
j a spirit that places them right with
the category of veterans. Near the
1 Neuilly wood, which lies northwest of r
Chateau-Thierry and at the point i
where the drive has brought the en- i
emy nearest Paris, the Americans s
have beaten off a strong German at- n
tack and on the Marne at .Jaulgonne, s
i northeast of Chateau-Thierry, fight- f
ing shouldbr to shoulder with the f
French, they have aided in forcing o
the first contingent or the enemy to v
- cross the Marne again. In this last h
I engagement the Germans suffered
severe casualties and also left 100 it
Invaders About Halted ',
- From drives on wdie fronts the Ger- t1
man offensive in France has deterior- r
- ated into isolated attacks along the c
area from Soissons and Chateau- t
I Thierry and eastward to the Marne c.
in the general direction of Rheims. A
Although in these attacks the ene
my still is using large effectives and e
great numbers of guns, he is being i,
held almost everywhere from further a
progress and on various sectors com- t
pelled to assume the defensive against x
vicious blows delivered by the Ameri- I
can, French and British troops. ti
Slight Hun Gains 'e
Between the Aisne and Ourcq rivers i
the Germans have captured Pernant tl
and to the south of that village the a
French have ceded a little terrain. In t:
th Ourcq valley they also took the b,
Itown of Neuilly La Poterie (Veuilly tl
La Poterie) seven and one-half miles si
northwest of Chateau-Thierry, in
fighig during which the place o
changed hands several times. In the d
region between the Oise and the f<
Aisne the Germans have been unable
-to advance anywhere. The losses of T
the Germans near Pernant were ex- t<
tremely heavy. s
On Northern End a
There still is only moderate activity tl
I along the line held by the British in f:
Flanders and Picardy, where patrol c
activities and bombarding continue. a
Full confidence in the outcome of t:
the war has again been expressed by ri
the supreme war council of the Allies, e.
1 which has just gone over the entire
situation, resulting from the big' Ger- a
man offensive, although it was stated
that the Allied nations may be still et
ADMIT AlL. ) SUCCESS 1.
Berlin Reports A. ..ces by 1-'och's
Men to North
Berlin, Via London, June 4.--"There
have been artillery duels of varying i
intensity," says the German official f,
tcommunication issued today. o
"The enemy showed lively reconnoi- i
I tering activity atnd made strong ad- 1:
I vances at several points of the front.
~I Southwest of Merris (midway be- lii
I tween Ypres andl Bethune) he has es- C
:tablished himself in small trench sec- iri
atriotic Pledge That Will
ericans In South Carolina
Ri. F. D).No.......
OP THE UNITED STATE8 TREASURY:
Icertify that I now own................
ow owned, 1I JUNE
inga Stamp. Cost $4.17 each ....
right J JULY
Cost $4.18 each...
Coat $4.19 each...
I MYSELF' TO SECPTEMBEJR
ZEI, TO HELIP Cost $4.20 each...
Cost $4.21 each...
Coot $4.22 each...
Coat $4.23 each...
atngs Stamp. Owned and Pledged...
bt from Pout Offie.s, Banks and Authorised
ON THE MARNI
xposed to critical (lays.
Additional attacks on shipping b:
erman submarines off the Atlanti
aast have been reported. A major
y of the persons aboard vessels sun
y the underwater craft have reache
BIG DRIVE ABOUT ENDED
merican Soldiers Played An Import
Washington, June 4.-Virtual ad
uission that the third German driv
i the west has been brought to a hal
ras seen here in tonight's officit
tatement from Berlin. The brief an
ouncement without claim of advance
Lrved to convince officers here tha
r the present at least Gen. Foch ha
)ught the enemy to a standstill with
at the loss of any point of strategi
lue, and without serious inroads e
American troops aided in the fight
ig. Presumably they are part o
en. Pershing's main units. It ma
e, however, that they are a part o
ie reinforcements which have beer
.shed over since the German hig]
)mmand determined to force the wa
> a conclusion in the hope that a de
sive victory could be won before th<
merican army arrived in force.
The French, in today's officia
.atement, paid tribute to the dasl
nid skill of the Americans engaged ii
counter-attack where they three
c advancing enemy back out c
euilly wood, west of Chateu-Tnier
The stroke was characterized b:
e French commanders as magniff
At another point where the first o
i German horde had found its wa'
-ross the Marne, Franco-Americal
-oops attacked them, threw then
ck north of the river and destroy.<
ie bridge. Again the enemy wa
Gen. Pershing, in his official repor
the incident, made public tonight
smissed it briefly. The communiqul
"In the fighting west of Chateau
hierry our troops broke up an at
.mpt of the enemy to advance to the
>uth through Neuilly wood and b:
counter-attack drove him back t4
ie north of the woeds. On the Marr
-ont a German ba'talion which ha,
osseCl at Jaulgonne, was counter
tacked by French and A merical
0 1ps and forced to retreat to thi
viht bank. It sustainsed severe
in killed and prisoners.
"Patrolling was active in Picar'+
"In the Woevre we shelled the '-.
ny positions, using gas."
IEUTI'. HOOPER OF
W A LTERIIl(O CITED
FOR BRAVE ACTIO.
With the American Army in Franc
ane 3.-First Lieut. Edward 13
ooper, of Walterboro, S. C., is cite<
r conspicuous courage and coolries
leadership wbile engaged with hi!
en against a superior force on Apr
Also cited in the order is Lieut. Al
n C. P'erkinson, Petersburg, V a
Jolner~ . courage amil gallantry dur
g a h - ile raid against his post or
be Signed by
er at $5 each
HUNS BUYING FOR FUTURE
Pushing Their Economic Control in
London. June 3.- The Germans
steadily pushing the tentacles of
- their economic control far into Cen
tral Asia, where they are buying up
available orders for_ many years
e ahead, says The Daily Chronicle. The
foundation of these developments is in
k the German control of Rumania and
"Control of the Rumanian and Uk
rainian harvests would provide Ger
Many. not only in this, but in any
future war with a complete solution
of her food problem." The Chronicle
- adds. "She would also, thanks to her l
unhmited access to Central Asia, hav,
li tle further trouble with any but
t pical raw materials.
"1er eastern policy can only be un
done adequately by the Allies after
they have achieved victory, but more
attempts ought to be made now to l
frustrate present developments."
STIL HOPEFUL OF RUSSIAN
Konovaloff Relieves Allied Interven
tion Will Save Country
Tokio. May 28.-Allied interven
f tion is ecessary in Russia, in the
opinion of Alexander I. Konovaloff,
f minister of commerce in the Kerensky
1 Cabinet, who has arrived here on sih
1 way to the United States. He said
r the object of his visit to America was
- to aid the reconstruction of Russia bv
informing Americans of exact condi- I
1 The former minister declared that
I the present regime is destructive and
hopeless. He believes Allied inter
vention would restore order, create
f a responsible government and hasten
- the winning of the war by combating
, the Germans and Austrians.
If intervention is delayed anarchy
is inevitable, and there is danger of
r the Bourgeoise and the Socialists
turning to Germany for help, he said.
1 "Intelligent Russians,",Mr. Konovo
loff added, "also would welcome
American economic and financial aid,
because they know it would be disin
terested and not based on political
THE PRESIDENT OBJECTS
-To Further Prohibition Till it it Nc
Washingtorn, June 4.-President
W ilson today declared his opposition
to further prohibition legislation until
the food administration decides it is
necessary to conserve foodstuffs. His
position was made known in aletter
to Senator Sheppard of Texas. At
House amendment bill would prevent
the expenditure of $6,000,000 unless ,
he prevents the use of grain in the
production of alcoholic liquors.
Senator Sheppard said he would not
make public the letter at this time.
lIe said he conferred with Food Ad
ni nistrator hoover today regarding'
the sittiation awil was awaiting his
reply. Lpon this answer, he said wil
depend f uture action.
CHAS. WN. 'AIBANKS DEAD
Former Vice President. of the United
States 'asses Away
Indianatpepo'. une 4.-Charles War
ren I. airbanks. former Vice-Preiddent h
of the Unitedi States, died at his home
hi-re tonmyh: at 8:55 o'clock. DeathI
was due- to interstitial nephritis, which
had, be-en a chironic ailment with him,
but not regar-ded as piarticularly ser-i
o::nil recently. A11 I membi-rs of
his faiuily execpjt Major Richardl Fair
banks, who in Francec, were at hise
F -IREI) tlPON I. S. WVAISIIIgy I
American Warship Makes Mistake;
Washington. .Jume 4.-A warship
-ngaged re-ci-ntly in tar-get Ipract ice
ni stook: the bat tletship Louisiana for a
tairg-t and1( exploded a shell aboai d
her, kiling oe man, the Navy De
I~ar'tme(nt announced today. TIhe ae
eideint wasii doe to hazy wveather, it
'Thi- man killed was Fireman Moses
I,. Morgan, of Gulf Point, Fla. No,
fu1rthe-r detailsa werie vin in the
FIIRING (OFF (CAPE MAY;
1,-IEBOATS ARE SIGIITED-:I
hear-d off C'ape May this afternoon'
and .aga in tomight. Small boats con
tiaimmg women andI enildren were re
ported to have been seen th is a ft er- C.
noon several miles off shorec biy an avi- il
ator. Thle rep~ort could~ not bet con- ii
MAJ. GEN. SNIAlRPE COMING
Washington, June 4.---Major Gen.1
J. Sharpo quartermaster general of
the army, but who has been serving 9
on the war councii for some months,c
will assume conmmandl of the South
eastern Department, with headquar- A
ters at Charleston, S. C., next week.
Swin -- t-qin his rank as qatr
master greneral, qur p
STORY OF SUBMARINES
TOLD BY SURVIVORS
Passengers from Steamer Carolina
Reach Shore Exhausted
IIAl) EXCITING MOMENTS
Survivors Battered About in Open
Boat After Submarine
Atlantic City, N. J., .June 4.-Twen
ty-eight survivors of the New York
and Porto Rico liner Carolina, which
was sunk by a German submarine
Sunday evening, were recovered here
tonight after forty hours in the br.
tered boat from which they landed
The women were suff 'ring from ex
haustion and all had ruffered from
hunger and thirst, as they had only a
Lttle water and a few bitcuits durit.
the time they were at sea. None w.
in a serious condition, however.
Mrs. P. .1. Hamilton, wife of Ch:,
Justice Hamilton, of the Porto Rico
Supreme Court, and Miss Charlotte
Hamilton, her laughter, were amo :
The boat, commanded by Chief F.
L'ineer McLaren, landed at the foot of
South Carohna avenue. The exhausted
passengers were .ifted bodily from
their seats and carried to an emerge-_
-y hospital on the sands.
W<Vr2en and girls among the su
vivors were unable to stand. Some
them were attired in rough blue over
ills and jumpers borrowed from the
-rew. The hair streaked across their
faces was plastered down by the mix
ture of salt and water used on their
Foreheads in an effort to revive them
when they fainted.
One woman about thirty years old
fainted as a life guard lifted her ten
'erly from the yawl. Chief Surgeor
Bossert brought her a stimulant. At
that moment the r otes of "The Star
ipangled Banner" floated into the
ent, and the woman, half rising on
ier cot, cried hysterically, "We're
;afe, safe, at last!" Then she sa::
igain into unconsciousness.
Mrs. C. 11. Westbrook, of New Yor...
.vho with a thirteen-year-old girl w;
rong the rescued passengers, pad:
ugh tribute to Lieut. McLaren ar.
he men of his crew. Mrs. Seymour-:.
dthough scarcely able to sit up in bey.,
nsisted on telling of the heroie ce:
luct of the crew.
"We had just started for dinne:"
he said, "when shells screamed a
warning across the front of the shi:;..
cannot describe how I felt wh.n
he realization. came upon us that we
Vere being attacked without warni::
)y a submarine.
All Sorts of Fears
"All sorts of fears assailed me. I
hought of the women and childr:-n
if France and Belgium, ar.d it v:-t
"Then another shell came Shrapnel.
hey said it was. It splintered som,
"Our ship had no arms and the ca:,
ain orderel the engines stopped.
something grated along the side. It
vas a large boat from the submarine.
Phte officer in commanl spoke very
ood English. IHe told the captain, wh'.
net himin at the top of the ladder, h,
could give us time to get off before
e- sank the ship.
"T'he captain wvatchedl while the
oats wvere being filled and lowered.
heewere more than 200 passenger.,
ad more than a liundred in the
rtw. Tihe women and (hiId ren,,.
oJurse. wvent first. The crew acted
"Ten boats were f i lh-d a ndl w.
'ulled away from the ship,. I shal
ever see a nyt hing like it again. Yet.
utenlsely dramatic rs it was it al
(qemed~ uineal. J'very minutes we'
hught th* Gemnswr going o
"W~e had.i gon" aiway possaibly I fu-t
ards, whein ther-' wa:s a b'liniij
leash. I dlo not knowv wh:.ther thm-...
e-i luid. i,'un~bed or t orpedloedl the C a r.
runa, lhm shie w(ent do1w?)
"In the night w? were separa
ri.mi t he other boa ts. I ,ieu t. McI arenm
rid Chief Purser Merkt looked aft-r
'wonderfu liy. The(y (took very l itti.
1 thei fiood or water f~om themiselve.
GRUO1'NI) G AINFI) By HIIl'IsH
ijrht gaiinmed ground slight ly in): a l
Il ope'rat ion on the nort hiern side er
ii- l'hmders salient, the wari office
onounces. Nearlyi 200 prisoners wver.
T'he statement follows:
"Successful local operations were
irried out by oiur troops last n ight
t he neigh borhood of Vieux Berquini
rid Merris. Our line has ben a
incedl slightly ait these points and
)3 prisoners and a number of ma
ime guns and trench mortars have
L'en captured by us. Our casualties
"Successful raids resulting in the
ipture of twenty prisoners, three man
11 e guns and a trench mortar wore
1 liedl out by us also southeast of
rras ,northwest of Lens, and west of
"A hostile raiding party was re
Jlsedl south of Vmm... n ..neuL