Newspaper Page Text
Voa1 XXxix: MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 20, 1919 No. 34
BANDITS BEING CHASED
BY AMERICAN TROOPS
Swift Cavalry After Mexicans Who
INAUGURATES NEW PLAN
From Now on Borde rRaids to Be
Handled Without Gloves,
Washington, Aug. 19.-No official
announcements are being made of how
the United States government intends
to handle the bandit nuisance in
Northern Mexico from this point on,
but there is every evidence that all
preparations have been made to meet
future depredations with a swift
movement of troops such as is now
being conducted against the despera
does who held the two army aviators
Swift moving cavalry, rully equipp
ed with machine guns and guided by
airplanes, it is understod, will be re
lied upon, and will be prepared to
move qunickly from strategic points
along the border of the bandit coun
try on the Rio Grande.
Organization of the border guard
to insure the greatest speed in these
movements has been completed, the
cavalry regiments being so distributed
as to place the nucleus of a flying
column at carefully selected points
along the Rio Grande.
Movement of trops of the Eighth
Cavalry into Mexico today 'inaugurat
ed the new plan, according to officials,
and from this time incidents 'will be
handled without gloves."
In announcing that Maj. Gen. Joseph
T. Dickman, commanding the South-'
ern Department, had acted on instruc
tions from the War Department, Sec
retary Baker intimated that only the
danger in which the two officers were
placed pIevented an attempt to rescue
then: by force.
"When the reports came of the cap
ture of these two officers and their
being held for ransom." Secretary
Baker said, "the hour of execution
was fixed on the next day in default
of the ransom being paid. There was,
of course, no opportunity to make a
military rescue within such time and
therefore directed that the ransom
money be paid and that a force be
arranged to take up the hot trail of
the bandits and pursue them with
the'hope of being able to capture as
many as possible."
Left to Dickmen.
Details of how the dash was to be
conducted were left entirely to Gen.
Dickman, the only requirement being
that it should be made with a 'swift
ly moving force." Cavalry with ma
chine guns and guided by airplanes
wotld be used. If captives were taken'.
they wil be brought to -the United
The close proximity of the bandit
rendexvous to the United States to!
rendexvous to the border led to the
hope that the American troops might
overtake them before they would
have time to scatter.
Reports to the State Department
today from the American consul at
El-Paso said that late last week Gen.
Diequez, Mexicaptomnamndant at Chi
huahua City had ordered Mexican cav
airy patrols out through the country
where the American soldiers were
hel, but there was no indication
whether these patrols were still op
The department was also advised by
the American embassy at Mexico City
that when it made representations re..
garding the capture of the aviators
the Mexican foreign office promises
to see that tvery possible step was
taken to assist in the rescue of the
Dispatches to the department from
Chihuahua sad the governor of that
Mexican State, with the approval of
President Carranza, had offered a re
ward of 50,000 pet~es for the capture
of Francisco Villa. Two colonels and
three captains of the Villista forces
captured by .the federals were said
to have been convicted of treason Sun
day .by. a military1 courtmartial .andl
executed by a firing squad yesterday.
The Mexican situation was given
further attention in Congress today
Representative LaGuardia, Republican
Mew York, introduced a resolution de
manding that Secretary Lansing make
a complete report to Congress on the
capture of Lieute. Davis and Peter
son and the negotiations that led to*
Before the House rules committee
nrig Gen. William Mitcel1, chief of
FOR SEVEN CITIES
[ial Active in Making Arrangement
Washington, Aug: 17.-Expert cot
;on clasers provided by the federal
)ureau of, markets will be stationed
!or the- coming season at seven South
arolina county seats, according to
senator N. B. Dial, who has been ac
ive lately in procuring such an ar
rangement, for his home town of
Laurens and has been keenly interest
d in the work generally.
Last year cotton classers operated
it Darlington, Sumter and Orange
urg. This autumn graders will be
stationed at the same points and also
it Laurens, Anderson, Greenwodo and
avInning. Funds are derived from
hree sources. Part of the money is
upplied by the federal bureau of mar
ets, a part is provided by the Na
ional government under the terms of
;he Smith-Lever act and the balance is
aised locally, by subscription, by ap
)ropriation in the county supply bill
Senator Dial ha., been anxious to
irrange for the services of such grad
rs at as many points as possible in
South Carolini, but the number of
laces at which the work can be main
ained is conditioned not only upon
;he local subscription but also on the
ederal funds available and extension
f the system is also limited by the
carcity of qualified men. It has been
ound impracticable to operate in more
.han the seven county seats mention
Ad during the next season. Local
ooperation includes not only 1 sum
neach case, varying between $1,000
and $2,500, toward the salary of the
trader but also a grading room a clerk
and provision for incidential expen
George Livingston, acting chief, bu
reau of markets, explained to Sena
tor Dial the policy of the department
)f agricilture as follows: "Our funds
for this work being so limited, only a
few typical points in each State are
selected. which may serve as a demon
stration for the entire State."
County agents and others in
ce'ested who have investigated ' the
ser'ie as operated last year at Dar
ington, Sumter and Orangeburg, have
round the experience remarkably sat
isfactory. M. D. Moore, demonstration
igent for Laurens county, wrote Sena
;or Dial that farmers of Darlington
:ounty told him the expert classer had
,een worth :+s them many times his
salary. Not many farmers know what
rades of cotton they produce.
D. W. Watkins of Celmson Colege,
n his capacity as acting director of
ooperative extension work in agri
ulture and home economics for South
Carolin, is in charge of the cotton
lassing service. Mr, Watkins his
nifgrmed Senator Dial that all details
lave not been completed, but the local
Funds have been provided for at Laur
?ns and Manning, and a South Caro
inan, Drayton E. Earle of Pickens,
s specialist in the federal bureau of
markets has been requested to select
axpert classers for those points; while
the raising of local funds is proceed
ng at 'Greenwoodl and Anderson, and
Msr. Watkins believes local support at
~hose places is practically assured.
Soldier Crosewell Davis has returned
tome from Fransce. Croswvell belong
3d to the Regulars and served nearly
six years in the service.
perations in the army air service,
testified that the 1,200 officers pro
rided for the air service m the pend
ng bill authorized retention of 18,000
afficers until next October would not
be sufficient to maintain r~n expedition
If We Entered Mexico.
"If we go to Mexico now," he deC
:dared, "we have, jhe keleton of seven
been squadlrons. Twelve hundred of
ricers are not enough to keep them up;
we needl twice as many. That number
s too small, even to maintain an expe
:lition into Mexico."~
Representative Rodenberg, Republic
in, Illinois, remarked that 'with the
posibility of trouble with Mexico we
should keep aviation up to a high
state o fefficiency."
D~enialatIyat ~ilistaa capturedl a
trainload of ammunition tiet~een' Chi
huahua and Jimenez, as reported from
the border, was madle today by the
Mexican embassy. It was said that
what really happened was that -the
Alvarado Mining Company shipped a
quantity of dlynamite by rail without
notifying the military authorities so
that a military escort might be pro
vided and the explosives fell into the
hands of the rebels.
REV. C. B. SMITH'S SON
WRITES Of H. C. L.
Washington, D. C., Aug. 10, 1919.
Your letter received and I was very
glad to hear from you. I will leave
bere somewhere near the last of the
month for home. You can expect me
the first of September at the latest.
It might be possible that I will leave
here about the 26th or 27th. If I do I
will telegraph you. \ See if you can't
Arrange your vacation for about that
Everything here now z3 concentrat
img on reducing the high cost of liv
ing with the League of Nations run
ning a close second. I c(on't see exact
ly how they are going to reduce liv
ing to any large extent unless the
Government steps in and fixes all
prices, which in that event woult be
tantamount to declaring the United
States to be a Socialized State. What
I think is causing the high prices is
dlue to several things. There is a
huge inflation of the currency, not
only here but to a larger extent in the
rest of the world. This in itself
makes money cheap and as counted by
the dollar makes living high. Then
with such a large demand all over
the world for the encessitie: of life
and the world not up to its normal
production will also make living high.
And in my opinion one of the greatest
causes at present is the unprecedent
ed extravagance which is sweeping
the country. People are demanding
And buying things they do not. need
and do not care what the price is.
If they would try to economize and
only get those things absolutely neces
sary and then pay no more than they
actually had to instead of buying the
article first and inquiring the price
afterwards prices would come down in
order that the vendors could sell their
articles. People are spending instead
of p'roducing. The labor unions are
demanding more money, taking the
cost of living into consideration, than
ever before even contemplated by
them. They are entitled to a decent
wage but so are other people and
where they profit unduly those whose
very existence makes the labor
unions possible suffer. It is a first
step toward Bolshevism. And contin
ual Governmental interference has
not helped to bring the prices down.
Nobody knows where they are and are
scared to engage in anything new for
fear- of' interference. There probably
is some profiteering in the sense of
combinations getting together . to
mononolize. But we have laws on the
Statute books now to take care of
them and all the Jaws in the world
will not better conditions if they are
As to an individual profiteering
when he has entered into no agree
meent with another individual, to
profiteer either tacitly or impliedly.
that is his right. The Government
ias no right to walk up to an indivi
lual and say that he cannot charge
thus and so for an article when he
bought it on the open market . id is
selling it in the same place. If his
prospective customer does not want
to buy from him at his price there
Are others he can go to buy. It is this
very thing that makes competition
which working togethc- with the law
:f supply and demand makes ptices
more or less equable. Price fixing
kills b9th. competition and the law of
upply and demand and as a result
ndividual initative (lies and the coun
try quits producing. This condition
being, we are worse off than before.
There is one advantage at the pre
sent for a cheap dollar, no matter how
you look at it. We have a tremen
lous indebtedness which will even
tually have to be paid. If the dollar
is dear we pay so much more in re
leeming the debt.
I think that if the Government let
t be firmly understood that it wvould
be hands off in tradle. only interfering
to see that no illegal practices and
'ombinations wvere entered into, and
ruit diishing out public money, at the
rate it has been dloing, that the coun
try would settle dowvn eventually and
things would ad just themselves.
rtherwise we will go into Socialism.
The unrest in Europe has a lot to do
with the unresst here. 'f things ever
ret settled down over there and they
Tet to pfodlucimev at their maximum
rapacity we wvill have to come dJown to
It has been nearly winter up) here
for two or three days. It was uncom
rortably cold. There has been a lot
>f rain also. It is pretty hot today.
ruowever, and indienht rs are that it
will be hotter.
WILL ASSIST I.N
Greenville, Aug. 18.-Rev. Thomas
V. McCaul, formerly pastor of the
fllenmson College Baptist Church and
well known in religions circles over
the State and section, and who has
just returned after several months in
Y. M. C. A. work overseas, will begin
work within a few dlays to assist in
rganlzation for the coming Baptist
75 million campaign in all parts of the
Rev. McCaul, it was stated at state
:ampaign headquarters here todlay,
will have officers at headquarters
here, but his work will lie largely in
the field, Hie is to work under the
ceneral dlirection of the State Qr
n'nizer, Dr. W. J. McGlothlin, and the
Rtate Publicity Director, Rev. Thomas
T. Watts. Rev. McCaul will continue
the work of preparation up until the
anening date of the drive, November
10, andl will assist in the direction of
i1ennvassinlr during the eight days
of actual soliciting for funds.
RDDIJIONAL LOCAL N[WS
Mrs. Leon Weinberg was a visitor
to Sumter yesterday.
Mr. Ingram Bradham is spending
a short vacation at Black Mountain,
Miss Lucy Johnson is the guest of
friends at the Battery Park Hotel at
Mr. and Mrs. B. B. Breedin are
spending the week with friends in the
upper part of the State.
Dr. Crouch spent several (lays this
week with his family, who are visit
ing im Goldsboro, N. C.
Mrs. J. B. -arvin of Summerton is
in the Toumay Hospital, Sumter, hav
ing undergone a serious operation.
Soldier llarry Levison has just re
turned from France where he spent
about seventeen months.
Dr. G. L. Dickson has returned
from a ten day vacation spent at
Mr. Sim Ridgeway is moving from
the Baptist parsonage to the McKay
house in front of the cemetery.
Miss Ida Goldstein of Atlanta Ga.
visited Mrs. S. Katzoff and Mrs. A.
Abrams last week.
Mr. John Burgess of Summerville
spent Monday at the home of Mr. and
Mrs. .J. T. Stukes.
Rev. Guery Stukes of Atlanta is
visiting his parents Mr. and Mrs. .1.
T . Stukes.
Mr. Jack Goldstein of Wilmington,
N. C.. spent a few (lays with his sis
ters, Mrs. S. Katzoff and Mrs. A.
Capt. .Jake Harvin has returned
home from France, Capt. Harvin made
(Jute a reputaton as a solder and was
cited for bravery by Gen. Pershing.
Married last Friday afternoon at
the Methodist parsonage by Rev. C.
A. Smith, Mr. Jessie Hawkins and
Miss .Janie Ridgill.
Miss Rita Nimmer, who is employed
mn the piostofile at Charleston, is
spending several days with her par
Mirs. J. M. Appelt and children of
Winston-Salem, N. C., are visiting the
home of Mr. P. B. Mouzon at Pine
Mrs. E. C. Alsbrook and family
have returned after an extended visit
in Spartanburg and Columbia.
Mrs. Al. F. Evans, Misses Edith
and Mary Evans Brasington, all of
Kershaw, are the guests of Mr. and
Mrs. Stalnaker. Mrs. Evans is the
mother of Mrs. Stalnaker.
The hog ordinance of Manning
seems to be a (ead issue. We notice
r'verv morning for the past week or so
the Court house Square. This is cer
tainly -one grand sight for a city the
size of Manning.
One darkey passed a two dollar bill
on another of his race Saturday for
for a five spot, but Policeman Flowers
got him, and not only did he have to
make the fellow's five good, but the
city touched him for $25.00 more.
Mises Beatric Fisher of Laurms
burg, N. C., and Estelle Townsend of
Bennettsville, who had been1 the guests
of Misses Esterlena and Bessie Rear
Ion for several days, i'eturned tohtheir
home on Monday.
Mar rie d last Saturday mornIng at
the Central Hotel Mr. Roy Hall and
Miss Mabel Sparks. Rev. C. A. Smith
performedl the ceremony. The bride
has been employedl as a milliner in the
Ladies Shop. The c'oupile left for
Charleston their future home.
Mir. and Mr's. A. G. White are hiav
iny a reunion at their home in the
Fork section. Their out -of-count"
ruests andl relatives ai'e Mrs. C. A.
Malloy of ChIeraw. mother (of Mirs.
White: Mr's. TP. M. Keels of Columbia;
Mrs. L. Reynolds and1 Mrs. J. J1. B.
Montgomery of Kingstree. These
ladies are all daughters of the late Dr.
McQueen of Sumter.
Last Saturd"ay one of the colored
laborers on the Alderman stores went
to buy a ticket to go to his home in
"harleston to spend Sunday, andl hav
ing his poc'ket book in his hip pocket,
he felt something touch him on the
back, and when he looked aroundl he
dliscovered that his roll of about $40.00
was gone, and' the robber making his
way out of the depot. lie tried to
eatch him but c'ouldI not, and now he
is out his $40.00.
A meeting of the South Carolilla
Cotton Association will be held at th'e
tourt hous'- in Manning on August
22nd at 11 a. m. This meeting will
be addressrI by Mr. L,. I. Guion of
Luroff. and other speakers.
TIhis is on extremery important
me(eting to every cotton grower in
Clarendon Count~y as well as all whose
business iis dependent up)oiigood prices
for the cotton.
It is particularly dlesiredl that all
Iaadies will attend for they are as
muth interested in this work as the
men themselves, atnd their con-oe..
UNITED IN MARRIAGE
A social event of unusual interest
becaues of the popularity of the
young people was the wedding of
Miss Helen Miriam Boger and Mr.
Harone Austin Sauls, which was
solemnized this morning at half after
eight o'clock in the Manning Metho
dist church. The church was simply
but beautifully lecorated in palms
and ferns, masses of the cool green
being banked against the altar. To
the strains of the Bridal chorus from
Lohengren beautifully rendered on the
organ by Miss Martha Jenkinson
with a violi'n accompanment by. Mr.
Edward Sprott the wedding party en
tered. First came the ushers Mr.
Croswell Davis, Mr. Morgan Sauls,
Mr. F. M. Horne and Mr. Minto
Dwight. The bride entered with the
maid of honor, Miss Janie Wilson, her
only attendant. They were met at
the altar by the groom and hi.. bet
man Mr. Allen Sauls. During the
eeremony which was performed by
Rev. C. B. Smith, the pastor of the
bride McDowell's "To a Wild Rose'
was softly played by Miss Jenkinson
and Mr. Sprott. Mendelsohn's wedding
march was played as a recessional.
The charming young bride was clad
in a smart suit of navy blue-a new
Fall model with accessories to har
monize. She carried an armful of
bride's roses. Miss Jenkinson, and
the maid of honor Miss Janie Wilson,
also wore lovely blue' coat suits, Miss
Wilson carrying pink roses. Immed
iately after the ceremony the bride
and groom left by motor for Sumter
where they took the train for Winston
Salem, N. C. where they will reside
in future. The bride has numerous
friends who will regret to know that
she is to make her home elsev here.
T'he groom has many friends here also
havin spent his early boyhood in
Manning. He now holds a responsible
position in Winston-Salem.
Out of town guests were Mr. and
Mrs. A. I. Antley, St. Matthk .vs; Miss
Martha Jenkinson. Kingstiee; Miss
Mallie Waters, Johnston; Mrs. A. T.
Allen, Darlington; Minto Dwight,
Eastover; Morgan Sauls, Allen Sauls,
and F. M. Horne, Winston-Salem, N.
LETTER TO. VEHICLE OWNERS
Up to this (late the 19th, we have
collected 866 vehicle license more than
has been returned for taxation. Three
districts have not reported, and we
have partial reports from five more
to come in, and possibly a few scatter
ing ones from all the districts. In my
last report I said we would collect for
over 500, more than the Auditor had
on his books for taxation, I will now
change this to more than 1,000.
In the face of the above facts, I am
surprised at the strenuous kick some
of our good people are making, and
I cannot keep from asking? "Are they
honest in their clamor for better
roads? "If they are wouldn't it be
better to hell get theme, than to try
so hard to obstruct.
I will now ask you individually, and
collectively; to secure your license,
and help us get results with the
We have no wish or desire to try to
force you: but we are going to ask
you to fall in and help us.
In justice to tho'e that. have paid
the license; this will he the last ap
peal to you. The ('onmaissioners have
done their hest to accomminodate you
by making it possible for vou to pay
in your own commnunity. We have ex
tended the time more than is reason
able. and we are now going to see if
you have the right to override the
large majority that have complied
with the law.
To those that have c'ompjlied, we
YIours very truly,
J1. E. Kelly, Superv isor.
tion is des ired. This ineting is dIis
tmect from the one held this day and
adldressedl by Mr. G;eorge R. Wheeler
of Charleston, on "get nng ready for
the coaming of the boll weevil" andl
"mecreasing the taxable wealth of the
State of South Carolina.'
NOTICE 'TO P'ROP'ERTY OWN ERS
Trhe Tfowns Council liis contrmactedh
to have c'ertain Streets in the Town
nf Manning Paved.
Thait it wvill be necessary to have
water and sewer connections made
with city mains before paving is dlone,
All property owners on following
streets are requlested to report to city
-lerk at once their property subject
Brooks's Stree t fr om Thames resi
lence on the front of Sprott residence
am the South.
Mill Street between Rett Street and
Boyce Street from Brooks Street
to Mill Street.
Railroad Street from Broks Street
to A. C. L. D~epot.
By order of Councel.
2 t. E. B. Brown, Clerk and Treas.
A wire today at 12
o'clock concedes the
election of John P.,
Grace as Mayor of
Charleston over T. T.
Johnson and Borah on White House
CITE FAILS DEVELOPED
Declares America Will lie Compelled
to Take 'art in World
VW ash ington, Aug. 19.---Senator:
Johnson, California, and Borah,
Idaho, Republicans, declared in a
statement tonight that upon the facts
developed' at the White House con
ference today as stated by them the
pos' tion they had main tained, "in -_
)pect to this covenant or the league
of nations is justified and ca i
"The league of nations as const red
by the President," they said, "lea'.ves
it clear and unmistakable that when
we enter it we are a 'compelling'
moral obligation, to say nothing of
the legal obligation which other sup.
porters contend we are ;ander, to take
part in the disturhances, the con
flicts, settlements and the wars of Eu
rope and Asia if any should arise,
and it is equally true that under his
construction, Europe would neces,
sarily be under the same impelling
force to take part in the settlenmiit
of American affairs."
The Senators said that in then
opinion, "the significant facts devel
oped by the interview with the 're.,
"There yet remain treaties of peace
to he made with Austria Hungary,
Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empi--e,
These treaties deal with subjects -is
important, territory as extensive and
matters as intimately affecting tihe
United States as the treaty with Ger
many. The obligations of the United
States, therefoie, what our country
assumes in the future, can not be de
termined until these treaties are com
pleted and presented to the United
"That the President regards the ob-.
ligations which will be assumed e-n
der the league of nations, and par
ticularly under articles 10 and 2i as
moral obligations. These, however re
of "compelling' force and would re,
buire action upon our part. For in
stance, the President concedes that
in an undoubted case of aggression
ifrom the Balkans upon the newly ac.
gu:red territory of Italy, it would be
our duty to come to the assistance of
Italy and prevent such aggression
The resident's construction of artiale
to, is at variance with the construction
of the Democratic attorneys of the
"A moral obligation, the PresidLent
insists rests upon usto carry out th*.
terms of the various treaties of peacn
'I6.:: normal obligation, the President
states, requires us under the Germ'an
treaty for fifteen years to maintain
A merican trooTps ini Europe.
''The P'residen t did not know, nor~l
had lie heard (If the secret treaties ton
territorial acquisition anad part itiouin .'
various territories until he reache.id
Paris, (Iliere th(e Senators outlinedi:d
treaties referred to.)
"'The P'residlent oposedl the Si. .
tu ng decision. It was oflicially c~an.
veyedl to himi that the Japaniese wo".ll
not sign unless the Shantung rights
were given to Jlapan. The Uni~ed
States experts adlvise'd the Priesident
that Japan's verbal promise to ret urn
the sovereignly of the te'rritory in
Shantunig, v:Lai ie it ain ing the econonm.
ic conices!.ons, was"a return oIf the
shell of :he nut by ,Japan while she
retainedl the kernel. Tnie Ch inese in
sisted the retenut ion of the e'nocomaj
privileges mlean t prnactical sovereign t'
but the Presidenit says he dlisagrees,
wvith this view.
Only One l)isinterested.
"England, France and It aly ad,
hiered at the' peace confere'nce to their
secret treaties disposing o'f peopiles
and1( territories in the Shantung case;
the(refore the President was the only
disinterested judlge. The decision,
bo'iv< 'er, was made unanimously.
"'The United States asked China to1
enter the war.
"'The A merican commnission at Paris
ur gPed that a definite sum of rep~ara..
tionis be fixed in the treatey. Why
this view (lid not pirevail, the Presi
dent felt lhe could not state without
dlivulginig matters respecting other
governments he felt he should not dl..