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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, June 07, 1922, Section One Pages 1 to 8, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1922-06-07/ed-1/seq-2/

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Open Forum for Expres
sions for or Against Co
operative Marketing.
Kinston, Rocky Mount, Farmville
and Vancoboro, among the last to bar
doors against co-operative marketing
signed up warehouses with the To
bacco Growers Co-operative Associa
tion in last weeks campaign which
was the most remarkable series of
meetings ever attended by tobacco
farmers in Eastern North Carolina.
The enthusiasm of 25,000 farmers
who attended over 30 crowded meet
ings in a dozen Eastern counties of
the State, turned the campaign into a
crusade. The crusade is rapidly de
veloping into a landslide on which
thousands of new growers and a num
ber of warehouses have already come
into the Tobacco Growers Co-opera
tive Association.
"You will be able to raise more on
your advance payment and the as
signment of your tobacco than you
have ever dreamed you could get out
of tobacco." Aaron- Sapiro told the
thousands of farmers in Eastern Caro
lina who hailed him as the prophet
of co-operative marketing in the five
macmoth mass meetings which broke
all records for attendance and filled
theatres, warehouses and courthouses
to over flowing in Washington, New
Bern, Farmville, Kinston and Golds
boro last week.
The California leader of Co-opera
tive Marketing Associations who rep
resents 500,000 organized farmers and
60 associations with annual business
of four hundred million dollars, made
the prophecy that tobacco farmers of
North Carolina would be able to raise
more from their advance payment
and the loan value of their partici
pation receipt than they got on their
entire crop last year.
"Neither the outsider nor the in
sider would have gotten any decent
prices for burley tobacco in Kentucky
if the Association had not been or
ganized this last year," said Sapiro:
I want to tell you that the growers in
Kentucky the year preceding got an
average of 8 to 11 cents a pound for
burley tobacco. The growers in the
association (in Kentucky) this year
will average 25 cents a pound net"
declared the little Californian who
called those speculators cowards, who
circulated signed and unsigned pam
phlets against co-operative marketing
but feared to meet him face to face
with arguments against this move
ment of the farmers.
Speculators and warehousemen
who were hostile to co-operative mar
|Sale on United
Iour friends have retire
32x3%/ Plain Tread
33x4 Plain Tread
32x3% Chain Trend
32x4 Chain Tread .
32N4 -Chain Tread
34x4 Chain Tread .
34x4% Chain Tread
USCO, Chain, and Nobby
teed by U. S. 'I
J.H. Mc
202 South Main Street
IiFor Sale at your Dealer
-s' fIT 'I
keting, sat silent in meeting after
meeting while Sapiro told-the grow
ors that no system could -be worse
than the auction sale of tobacco under
which tobacco farmers have averaged
only $340. a year income as com
pared to the 'income of $1560. a year
which our government states as
necessary to maintain a decent stan
dard of living for the average Ameri
can family.
More than ten thousand farmers
heard Sapiro during his five days
tour of Eastern North Carolina. At
least 15,000 other tobacco growers
were present at meetings held in 28
other towns of the Eastern belt last
week where five Kentucky leaders of
the Burley Tobacco Growers Co-op
erative Association pnvinced the far
mers beyond a doubt of the success
of the Kentucky Biurley Pool.
"The minute the first payment of
eight cents a pound was made to our
Kentucky Growers upon delivery of
their tobacco the bankers came and
begged to hold. the participation re
ceipts and paid eight cents more on
them" said C. E. Marvin prominent
stock raiser and tobacco grower of
Lexington. Mr. Marvin told the
North Carolina Growers that the
Kentueky members of the marketing
association really got an average of
16 cents a pound immediately after
their first deliveries because the
banks were eager to advance them
money on the security of their ware
house receipts which the Kentuckians
call participation certificates.
W. H. Shanks President of the Lin
coln County National Bank told
North Carolina farmers in five coun
ties that the participation receipts
are considered the best security in
"Why one galussed fellow to whom
we wouldn't lend a nickel before, can
come into our bank now and borrow
hundreds of dollars on their partici
pation receipts," said Mr. Shanks.
Virgil Chapman attorney for the
Burley Tobacco Growers Co-operative
Association, Jno. O. Craddock a
prominent warehouseman and John
Blanks of Kentucky roused other
thousands fo Eastern Carolina grow
ers to the need of increasing the pre
sent sign-up in the old North State
frod 60 to 90 per cent of all tobacco
farmers and tobacco.
An intensive campaign is now being
conducted in which growers, mer
chants and warehousemen are urged
to aid in gaining new members, for
the Association.
Goldsboro, N. C., May 20th, 1922
Dear Sir:
1 would suggest that you go over
your territory and appoint some negro
preachers and school teachers to help
you get the negroes to sign these
contracts. I believe if you will get
the infuential ones and get them
States Tires!
I from the hard labor of
Price Price Price
~24.60 - $ 9.00
:35.35 18.00
26.75 $ 19.15 12.77
37.40 25.40 16.94
39.25 26.75 17.94
40.10 27.35 18.13
53.25 36.30 24.20
Tread, all fully guaran
'ire Company.
Pencil No.174
Mad. In fiv, grad..
terested, they will d youa lots of good
among the colored people.
.In contracting with them agree to
pay them a dollar for each contract
they get signed. I am sue by doing
this you will find that it .'ill increase
your contracts, among the negroes
more than anything you can do.
This has been tried out in several
instances and has proven very suc
Yours very truly,
The above is an exact copy of let
ter sent out by Mi. A. V. Bobbit, who
is Warehouse Supervisor for Eastern
North Carolina, an official of the Co
Operative Tobacco Assoliation. We
do not believe that the tobacco farm
ers, either white or colored, will en
dorse such methods, involving even
the sacred pulpit, in order to get the
farmers to sign the five years pool.
The original-copy of the above letter,
with Mr. Bobbit's signature can be
seen by anyone interested.
Greenville Tobacco Market.
Signed: Smith and Sugg, Brinkley
and Spain, Forbes and Morton Moye,
Gentry and Co., Foxhall, McGowan
and Cannon.
Letter From Ex-Chairman Pitt Coun
ty Board of. County Commission
After carefully studying for over
a year the co-operative marketing
plan, I fail to see where the farmer
can be benefitted by the untried and
over estimated tobacco pooling prop
osition. First he is supposed to
meekly consent to give over all of
his crops and rights of his honest
toil five years. To whom are you in
trusting your only means of support?
Are they people who have earned
their support by the sweat of their
brow or are they the kid gglove fel
fees and your taxes? Reflect and I
will accept your answer. Do you
think that they are satisfied with
what they have received of you and
now intend forming an imaginary
plan by which, with. their kindness
will make it easy for you to repay
yourself? Are they striving so hard
for the farmers' interest? Examine
your own wisdom and see where you
and your family come in. Remem
ber we have had a war and people
are looking for jobs. The world
could no more control the aftermath
of that great war than a fly could
hold back a tornado. The govern
ment warns you to watch your step
and hold your hat for there are lots
of fakers. For generations it has
been said that eighty per cent of the
people jumped for allusions, spent
and wasted fortunes, while all tanks
and tubs were only twenty per cent
hoops and yet they held the water. So
with the progress of the world, only
a small per cent is endowed with care
and wisdom to stand their ground
and see that the masses of God's cre
Atio:n is furnished bread and raiment.
But I am porud to know that a large
majority of the best thinking people
in this country are not going to de
liver their past and future earnings
ista tho hndsr of nr en'. and de
torty-fourth mn education. in irim
we took fourth place in agriculture,
then in 1920 we experienced a calam
ity and we jumped a cog and caught
seventh place, but the following year
we took up the slack and bravely
again held our position as fourth
which we propose not to'surrender.
No wonder we have aroused jealousy
in California and caused them to
send a lawyer even thru the rich
western states where it is nicer to use
corn for fuel than to smut their
hands with coal and all for a pur
pose, what? to retard us in our
progress. In education we have for
the past few years made greater
strides and progress than any other
state. Who paidl more debts andl ex
ceed al elther states In paying to the
War Finance Corporation last year?
N~orth Carolina holds the record.
What. system of marketing caused
this achievement? Why should we
worry, keep away your poison (lope
adwe will again- soon be a satis
tied and happy People. I have from
-a boy tried various vocations, clerk,
merchant, farmier, 'warohouseman,
horde ti'ading,.'saw i liig 1oth ity.
and 'counte somnnislso6i aidtoday
Own and am interested'in orey nine
hiindred arres. ofe land that is in liul
tivation. something over ono. hun
dred' and. fifty of. it is iftobacco and
I have always been pleased with our
method of selling tobacco, for I
could' plainly see that it is sold on
it's merits and today I do not own
an interest in any warehouse. In
niy day I have seen several organi
storis tiat'were boosted ip -to help
th'l fapmerj but in every case they
were failures. Some offcers in charge
made money, and thb farmer paid
the bill. Who can force prices beyond
supply and Aeniand? How can ex
penses be reduced in marketing if we
have to pay such high prices as to
capture , the men of influence and
ability? Also are we going to pay
the big prices for the warehouses in
towns that have failed to stand the
test as tobacco markets? It is bet
ter to be safe than sorry. I will be
the governor of my household and I
will not leave it to any one td take
charge of - my affairs. I shall not
A farmer,
A warning against liquid sprayer
attachments to cotton poisoning ra
chinery is issued by B. R. Coad, direc
tor of the boll weevil. laboratory of
the United States Departuent of Ag
riculture. Calcium arsenate applied
as a dust, he points out, is the only
certain means yet found for controll
ing the boll weevil and any effort at
control by means of liquid sprays is
useless. Sprayer attachments are,
therefore, not only unnecessary but
are an added burden. They increase
the cost of the machinery and make
it lore complicated and difficult to
operate. The liquid spray, even if it
were as effective. as the dust method
would be decidedly more expensive.
It mould necessitate the use of water
carts,- to feed the machines, would
demand an ample and constant water
supply which is not available on most
farms, and in various ways would in
crease the cost of poisoning opera
tions. Orchardists and others who
have to conduct poisoning operations
regularly are constantly searching for
poisons that can be dusted instead of
sprayed. Cotton growers are very
fortunate in that the one really effec
tive method of controlling the boll
weevil is the dust method and they
should not waste time and money, Mr.
Coad points out, in experimenting
with the expensive spray methods
that farmers in other lines are so con
stantly trying to get away from.
In addition to the foregoing spray
ing equipment we also find on the
market many curious devises for ap
plying some liquid preparations, us
ually containing calcium arsenate, for
the control o fthe boll weevil. Some
of these are to be attached to plows,
others to cultivators, while still others
run independently. They are usually
provided with some exceedingly
simple form of tank with a gravity
flow of liquid, which either drips on
the plants or is wiped on them by
some fore of brushes or rags. Many
such ihplenients are absolutely comi
cal, and the only sad feature is the
fact that some farmers are foolish
enough to purchase them. The litera
ture advertising these implements
promises wonderful results and the
directions given often call for only a
small fraction of a pound of poison
per acre, which is distributed over the
plantis in a very irregulpr manner. To
expect boll weevil control from such
methods is absolutely absurd. The
Department specialists have been at
tempting boll weevil control with
liquid applications for many years.
In these tests they use the finest
available high pressure spraying
machinery, distributing the liquid poi
son over the plants in a mist form,
thus reaching absolutely every part
of the plant. Furthermore, these ap
plications are usually made at the
iate of 100 gallons of solution per
acre. In spite of this these spray
applications do not control the boll
weevil, and how can anyone expect
to secure benefit from the absurd.re
commendations issued with some of
the maeciines now offered the farm
Farmers who deosire more detailed
information on this subject may se
cure it free of charge by writing the
Delta Laboratory, Tallulah, Louisiana.
In Knod county, Indl., half the
number of flocks of hens culled under
the supervision of the county agetn,
employedi co-operativery by the Unit
ed States Department of Agriculture,
the State Agricultural College, and
the county, were standard bred Jind
the other half mixed breeds, so their
comiparative merits could be consider
ed th rough culling.
The 9 standard bred flocks number
ed 1,087, while the 9 of mixed flocks
numbered 1,103 or 16 more hens-. The
week before culling, the standard bred
hens laid 2,906 eggs and the mixed
breeds 2,647, or 352 less. In culling
314 standard bred and 355 mongref
hens were removed from the flocks,
leaving 773 standard bred and 738
mongrols, or 35 more standard breds.
Se~bT~lor- -m
'wo ownors of the t idard
fHooks,- being beder, Culled; m
closed than t, 6WIs of the mi,
flocks. The we a ter culling* tle'
standard bred heis laid. 2,724 and ti ,
mongrels 2,483 eggs..
The figures shw - that among the
1,087 standard bred hens there were
41 less culls than among the 1,108
of the mixed flocks, and that they laid
359 more eggs the week before culli' q
and 291 more the reek, after.
Clemson College, June 4.-Making
shade with one crop while another
is taking. hold is like one fellow
working while another sleeps; beans
and cabbage or cowpeas and cabbage
work well together and result in a
good crop of cabbage says Geo. P.
Hoffman, Extension Horticulturist,
in suggesting how to overcome the
difficulty of getting the fall cabbage
crop well started.
For the fall crop the Succession,
Charleston Wakefield, or Early
Jersey Wakefield, and for very late
fall and winter use the Late Flat
Dutch 'br Danish Ballhead, should
be planted in a well prepared seed
bed the last week in May or the
first week in June.
The great trouble with growing
cabbage successfully for fall and
early winter use is to find some
theans of keeping the .hot sun from
hurting them until the plants are
well under way. A common method
is to plant double rows of string
beans, twelve inches apart with a
space of three feet between these
double rows, and to set the cabbage
near the double rows so that the
bean vines will shade the cabbage
plants. After the beans reach ma
turity the vines may be pulled out
and the entire space given to the
cabbage, which at that time should
be well under way.
United States District Court
Eastern District of South Carolina.
In Bankruptcy.
In the matter of J. C. Dennis and
Sons, Bankrupts.
To the Creditors of the said Bank
10 for 5c
Sugar Jacket just
"melts in your mouth,"
then you get the delec
table gum center.
And with Wrigley's three
standbyis also affording fie
aid to teeth, throat, breath,
petite and digestion.
Soothing, thirst-quenching.
Making the next cigar
taste better.
sa senfour'
PoP. onJce?
had teeo before aid Court be
26t da~y, fdn RD. 1922iai1
a el I to e n i i -
and ce all creditors and other,
sons 1xeet1dmy,. appejlr. aid e 1w~
cause. if any they have why the' x
er of the said petitioners. should not ;
be grantd
- Richard W. Hutson,
21-4t-c. ClerC.
I will ap Iy to the Judge of Pro
bate for Clatendh o '1 h
. for 'ters 'of charge as gutar.
dian 'for Beulah Hicks, now Beulah
Hardy,' formerly a minor.
.Charlton DuRant,
Manning, May 16, 1922. pd.
I will apply to the Judge of Pro
bate for Clarendon County on the
19th day of June 1922, at 1.1 o'clock
A. M. for Letters of Discharge as
Administrator qf the Estate of J.
Bunyan Harvin, deheased.
Percy B. Harvin,
pd. Administrator.
Silver, S. C., Mday 16th, 1922.
I will apply to the Judge of Pro-.
bate for Clarendon County -South
Carolina, on Saturday, July 1st, 1922
at eleven o'clock in the forenoon for
a final Discharge as Executor of the
last will and testament of David A.
Johnsc ., deceased.
J. Columbus Johnson.
Manning, S. C., May 31, 1922--chg.
Carefully Examined,
Glasses Fitted, Broken
Lenses Duplicated.
Satisfaction Guaranteed.
It's a
.DOUBLE treat
Jacket over Pep
permint gum
ap- '

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