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The Manning times. (Manning, Clarendon County, S.C.) 1884-current, June 14, 1922, Section One Pages 1 to 8, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063760/1922-06-14/ed-1/seq-4/

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Entered at the Postoffice at Ma
Appelt & Shot
Published Eve
Subscription Rates $2.(
The Old Days of The Exclusive 'Story'
Slowly But Surely Going.
(By Charles H. Zuber)
While the quest for news on the
part. of the daily press is as keen
and probably more so-in the present
da yas it was at any time in the past,
there is no longer the frequent pro
duction or creation of the newspaper
"scoop"-as it was called in the West
-or "beat," which was its eastern de
signation-that marked the progress
ive and insistent journalism of that
period preceding the beginning of the
present century. Of course, there
arise occasions when one newspaper
in a city will publish a good "story"
that its rivals fail to obtain except as
a "rewrite,"; but on the whole, the
newspaper field today, like all other
industries and crafts, is so well stand
ardized that the opportunities for put
ting a "scoop" over on the other fel
low are decidedly remote.
Police cases, court proceedings,
hotel news, financial affairs-in fact
all the big sources of daily news
now pre handled in such a way at
their respective places of origin that
there is little or no prospect of one
newspaper getting an advantage over
another. But it was not always so.
In the old days there were advantages
of various kinds enjoyed by individual
newspapers or reporters that proved
psolific fields for "scoops." In those
days the newspaper or newspapers
which had political affiliation with a
city, county or state administration
were always favored when a big story
"broke," this preference extending to
police departments county court af
fairs and state news developments.
Trickery Ofttimes lesorted to
Nor was trickery excluded from the
category of the news gatherers of
those (lays. One of the common
methods of getting a "scoop" was to
secure petitions field in suits which
promised something sensational and
then concealing the papers from the
other reporters until the "story" was
on the streets exclusively in one pap
er. Another common method of "put
ting one over" was to secure a live
item from some individual, who de
sired to reach all the newspapers with
his story, on the promise that the re
porter receiving the statement give it
to the reporters. The promise always
was made, but sometimes "forgotten,"
with the result that the reporters to
whonm the item was originally told
scored a "scoop," while the man with
whom the story originated was "in
bad" with the other reporters, who
wouhl not believe that he had re
quested its general dissemination. Of
ficials, police characters, business men
lawyers and others toadied to news
papers either as a matter of protec
tion or to curry favor for future con
sideration, and in this way many a
"scoop" was registered.
But under existing conditions, when
the thirst for rublicity and the fear
of .Journalistic enmity is in the heart
of every man who may become the
guardian or source of a real news
item,- and with the various public
agencies where news originates mak
ing known all their operations the ad
vents of "scoops" are few and~ fari
between. To what an extent this dlis
semination of ''big news" has become
general instead of exclusive, is illus
tratedl in an incidlent in a M iddle West
city, where two newsboys wer'1e sell
ing rival evening papers. One of the
newsies wvas shouting aloud the "sen
satioIn" which his paper carried. The
other vendor, standling close to the
boy who was conducting the journa
list ic ballyhoo, waited until prospee
tive buyers came with in a f'ew feet
of him and his rival, when he would
remark, in an ord inary tonie of voice,
"'I've got it in the Times,'' meaning
that he had the samie item in the pa
per he wvas selling, with tihe result
that, as his palper was the more pop..
ular of the two, he sold more than
the chap who was drumming up the
tradIe by his noisy shouting.
And the IRival Gets the Storr
A uniiqule ''s(oop" is that of' which
.old newV.spaper~ men of a certain city
Dickson D
It lk Now i'o0ih)le foll You to Come to
. age o, Nuxatled Iron, lUse It for TI
Time Youi have Not 1te'ceived
Than 'You Expect, Stim ply I.
IDickson lDrug Store, and I
. ' 'You Bhack V
Manning people may welt ask how w<
"Satisfaction or Money B~ae!v offer.
over the country sho3w that an amain
iron in their blood. At a recent confer
merly physician of Bellevue Hlospital
andJ the Westchester County I Iospital,
comes weak, thin, pale and watery.I
ens their vital organs as to lem'l them
atomach trouble, kidney disease, nerve
allment. I have had p~eople Come to a
cause they often had pains and palpit
faintness or spots before the eyes. In
meat iron was suppliedl, all of these s
offor because Genuine Nuxated Iron c<
in your blood. So many peole are
benefited by this remarkable remedly, tI
to Dickson Dr'ug Store andl get your be
weeks, and~ note the improvement in y
endurance. If you are not more than
hack the wrapner and we will promptly
nning as Second-Class Matter.
e, Proprietors.
ry Wednesday
10 per year in Advance
'ESDAY, JUNE 14, 1922
in Ohio still speak with a decided
chuckle. It seems that the cashier of
a bank in a suburban city had been
cutting quite a swath in racing and
shady society circles. The rumor be
came current that he was short in his
accounts, and on a certain Saturday
night one of the large dailies in the
big-town received a strong "tip" from
one of the cashier's "flames" that he
had left town-also v large hole in
the bank's exchequer. The newspap
er tried to secure corroboration of the
story from the bank officials, but, of
cotgrse, they denied it. A reporter
then was sent to the home of the ac
cused man's brother for verification
of the rumor. The brother flatly
branded the yarn as a fake. The re
porter insisted that his paper had the
facts and would publish them. The
brother countered with the threat
that if the story was published the
newspaper would have on its hands
the largest libel suit ever filed in that
section. After further verbal spar
ring, the brother repeated his threat
of a libel, while the last words of the
reporter were to the effect that his
paper, having the "goods," would run
the story just the same. However,
after the reporter returned to his of
fice and talked matters over with his
chief, it was decided that there were
not enough facts to justify the risk,
so the story was temporarily shelved.
In the meantime the brother of the
cahsier, taking seriously the threat
of the reporter that his paper would
run the ,story, bethought himself of a
friend on a rival sheet who would be
seriously embarrassed if this story
"broke" on his route and he failed to
get it. So he summoned his friend,
gave hi mall the details of the defal
cation, which amounted to nearly
$200,000, threw in all the racing and
white-light effects-in fact, furnished
all the materials fore one of the big
gest sensations this particular section
had ever seen. The next morning
Sunday-the newspaper which had the
original tip on the looting of the bank
came out without a line about the af
fair, while the paper that had had no
inkling of it until the threat of the
rival reporter caused the brother of
the cashier to act, had the details of
the defalcation spread all over its
front page.
Another queer angle of a "scoop"
developed in a certain city where the
proprietor of a newspaper and anoth
er citizen advanced $250,600 to save
one of the city's most cherished insti
tutions. The newspaper proprietor
failed to notify his editor of the mat
ter, and the first the chief knew of it
was when the editor of a rival even
ing paper telephoned him, just before
making an edition, that he had not
had time to make a real spread on the
item, and that, if the other editor was
willing, they would both hold the
story for the second edition, to do it
justice. The editor of the paper own
ed by the philanthropist pretended to
make a concession by holding off, then
sent his best men scurrying around to
the proprietor to get the details of
the gift in time for the next edition.
Hle just managed to obtain the facts
in time, thus saving himself and the
proprietor the keenest humiliation. It
is reported, however, that some years
later this same proprietor allowed his
own paper to be "scooped" in a real
estate decal involving several mill ion
dollars and in which he was the prime
Within the last 20 years there have
een three "scoops" of an international
character presented to thle American
people, none of which brought' credit
to the niewsp~aper ly olishing them.
One of themi was the heralding of the
den ato President McKinley. F'ol
lowing the attack upon him by the
assassin Czolgoz at the Pan-American
Exposition at, Buffalo, McKinley hov
eve ween life and death, wvhile an
anxious world prayed and waitedl for
the Divine verdiet. Then one evening
the newvspapers servedl by a certain
press association sudd~enly burst forth
with extra editions, announcing the
decath of the innrty red President, wvith
all the touchinag and s9orrowful dletails
of the last summons. For a brief
period the whole country was rent, by
grief over the report. And then came
the extra edlitioIns of the new"spapers
of the rival press aissociation with the
story that Mc Kinley still was alive,
rug Store
This Store, Buy a IRegular $1.10 Pack
wo Weeks, and If at End of That
UIl, and Ever Greater Benefits
ring the Wrapper Back to
le Will Cheerfully Ihand
our Money.
can alfordI to, make this remarkable
led ical examinations by physicians all
number of people lack 100 per cent
ence, Dr. James Francis Sullivan, for
(Out Door D~epartment), Newv York,
said, "Without iron, the blood be
n many people this so seriously weak
to believe that they have heart or
Force exhaustion or some other serious
oe thinking they had heart trouble, he
ation of the heart, sudden dizziness,
a great nmany of these cases, the mo
mniltoms dlisappea redl." We make this
mtains true organic iron like the iron
deficient in iron who wvouIld surely be
ant we recommend that you come right
>ttle of Nuxated Iron. Use it for two
our own case in strength, energy and~
surprisedl at the results, just bring
Boy Wanted
Somewhere in this town is one boy
who is a "go-getter" spirit, full of
grit and ambition, and absolutely
honest. We want that boy. He
will be the only 'boy agent in this
town for the famous MOVIE
work after school and other spare
time. His pay will be what he
makes it; besides fine prizes and
free Movie Tickets. When he
makes good, he will be promoted.
If you are between 14 and 19 years
old, determined to "make good"
and truly think you are the boy for
this job, then apply by letter to
Mr. E. L. Gilbert, "Personal," 3rd
floor, 119 West 40th Street, New
York City. Give full details of
any past selling experience; your
age; parent's full name and busi
ness; your school grade and at
least two references.
and that hope was held out for his
recovery. The newspapers which car
ried the story of his death were deep
ly humiliated and offered excuses and
apologies for their error. But it was
a long time before the false report
was forgotten by- the public, even
though McKinley's death followed
within a short time after the journa
listic faux pas.
Pope's Death Prematurely Reported
Some years later a similar blunder
was made by another press associa
tion in connection with the late Pope 1
Leo. The eminent prelate had been ill
for a long time, and his death was
daily, almost momentarily, expected.
So when the newspapers served by a
certain press association came out
with extra editions, announcing the
death of His Holiness, the Catholic
clergy everywhere ordered bells toll
ed, prayers said and other devout
manifestations over the passing of i
t,_at churchman. Then came the re
port to the rival newspapers that the
Pope was still alive, this being follow
ed by a reaction against the news
papers that had carried accounts of
his death which required many months
to eradicate. The fact that the Pope
died within i shore time did not miti
gate the sentiment against the news
papers which he., mistakenly chron
icled- his passin-g on.
Carrying pe:.iaps a greater shock
than that of either of the two "scoops'
above set forth, was that which fol
lowed the first announcement of the
alleged signing of an armistice in
connection with the recent World
War. The people of the Allied na
tions, and particularly of America
{s we can best judge-were heartsick
over the awful carnage that was be
ing waged by the contending armies
:ibroad, and evcry little suggestion
:arryimg with it the prospects of an
:arly cessation of hostilities caused
the wildest joy, ndt only among those
wvho had sons, brothers, fathers and
:ther relatives at the front, but
Among patriotic citizens generally.
Then suddenly out of Brest came the
story, credited to Admiral Wilton,
that an armistice had been signed be
tween the Allies and Germany, and
bi.at the war was actually over. This
Story was carried as a "scoop" by the
aewspapers served by one press asso
ination. Those who depended upon
the news of a rival organization (lid
lot commit the blunder of accepting
:e original report as true, even
a1ough spontaneous celebrations were
naugurated in hundreds of places
md hosannas of joy over the coming,
>f peace were flung on high through
>ut the land. There came denials
from Washington, from London and
From Paris that an armistice had been
;igned; and from a feeling of the
highest jubilation, inspired by the un
suthentic report of a cessation of
righting, the nation was plunged into
perhaps a deeper gloom than existed
beifore the news of the alleged armis-'
Lice was sent out. The reaction
against the newspapers which pub
ished this story was extremely severe,
andl was not tempered for a long time
b~y the fact that the armistice really
was signed a week or so Inter.
A case where pure chance played a
part in a "scoop" in connection with a
murder case occurred about 15 years
igo. Two dental students had been
arested for the murder and dlecapita
tion of a girl of their acquaintance.
Professional Cards
A ttorneys-at- Law
R. 0. Purdy S. Oliver O'Bryan
Attorneys and Counselors at Law
A ttqoney-at-Law
J. A. Weinberg Taylor H. Stukes
New Committee !
Z {jK"1. .t I
Controversy over the Muscle
specta cdommittee which will consid<
Photograph taken in the Miii
n its(left to right) of J W \)
(hkf EnQincer, Conigressinan WV
M iler of Wahingpin. Chief Clerk
man Cra.go, of Pennsylvania.
The head of the yictim was never re
covered, and the evidence against the
two men was purely circumstantial.
Either probably could have saved
himself by turning state's evidence,
but both held their peace. After they
had been convicted, an appeal was
taken by their attorneys. The argu
ments for a new trial were to be heard
at the state capital, and thither at
torneys and reporters went. Because
of the particular brutality of the
crime, the case had attracted nation
wide attention, so that the matter of
a new trial was a national, rather
than a local affair. In wndering
through the state capitol,, where the
court which was to hear the appeal
was in session the two representa
tives of one o/ the dailies of the city
in which the origiani trial was held,
were accosted by an attache of the
state house, who informed them that,
for a consideration, he would place
them at a ventilator over the court
room where the hearing was to be
held behind closed doors, and where
they could see and hear everything
that transpired. The bargain was im
mediately made, plans were worked
out by which one of the reporters,
provided with a black flag and a white
one, was to station himself at the
opening in the ceiling, while the other
was to wait a block away, in plain
view of a window of thte room in
which the ventilator was located. If
a newtrial was granted, the watching
reporter was to wave the white flag;
if a new trial was. denied, the black
flag was to be shown. The reporter on
the outside was to rush to the tele
graph office immediptely after receiv
ing the signal and flash the word
Money 6 per
We operate under tU
on farm land for 33 years
and at the end of 33 yea
the entire debt. You do:
pation have to be farmii
000.00. You do not have
any association. The tot
further information apj
Money 6 er
tudies ord's Muir
Shoals offer made by Henry Nord has
r the offer.
tary- Affairs Connnittee Room in the C.
'ortlhington. WVashington representative
right of Georgia, Congressman Morin
of the Sessincis (standing), Congressm
"White" or "Black" into his home of
fice. The scheme worked perfectly.
The black flag was displayed; the fa
tal word flashed to the newspaper of
fice, and the resourceful and lucky re
porters had the satisfaction of know
ing on their return home that their
little strategy had beaten their rival
by nearly an hour in getting the
story of the confirming of the death
sentence on the streets.
This "Scoop" Brought No Boast
It was in connection with this same
case that the successful newspaper
referred to registered a "scoop" of
which it never boasted. One of the
accused men hailed from a city about
60 miles from where the crime was
committed, and-there promised to be
a .wild race with papers to this city
with the details of the execution on
the day set for the hanging. The edi
tor of the paper in question decided
to be there first, so he secured all the
details of the arrangemhents for the
execution in advance and had an ex
tra edition printed and dispatched to
the town the night before, with in
structions that they be placed on the
streets at a certain time, based on the
hour of the execution. Unfortunately
the execution was delayed for two
hours after the original time set for
the hanging, with the result that a
full and detailed report of the double
execution was on the streets of the
city 60 miles away fully an hour be
fore it actually took place.
It may seem to be crowding the re
cord of Ananias a bit to say that it
is possible for one newspaper to
"scoop" another on the account of a
big-league base-ball game, played ac
cording to schedule and in the pres
ent Mol
las Joint Ste
te Federal Farm Loan Act a
i at 6 per cent. interest. You
rs this pays up interest and
niot have to live on the land n
ig. The maximum loan is $f
to subscribe to any stock in
at cost of obtaining these loa
>ly to exclusive representatia
Manning, S. C.
eent Mon
le Shost Offer
resulted in the creation of a new.
ipatol shows the commi>ttee which
for ford, W. B. Mayo. F'crd's
of i'ennsylvanir, Congressun
an Fisher of Tennessee, and Con
efice of thousands of spectators. Yet
this actually happened less than 20
years ago. It was during the tele
graphers' strike that a team found
itself in a series of games with the
New Yorks on the Polo Grounds. Im
mediately on arriving in New York.
the traveling correspondents of the
two evening newspapers who were ad-&
companying the team, tired to secure
wires from the ball park to their re
spective New York offices, from which
they had private lines Nito their own
home office. The effort was futile.
Not only the foreign newspapers, but
those of New York, also, were cut off
from telegraph service to the ball
park. One of the correspondents
gave up in disgust. The other hustled
out to the Polo Grounds, found a tele
phone in a blacksmith's shop opposite
the bail park and rented it for the
afternoon. He then secured the ser- *
vices of a cub reporter to manipulate
the telephone, at the -other end of
which was the New York correspon
dent of the out-of-town paper. Relays
of messenger boys were hired to carry
the written results of the game by
half innings' fro mthe ball park to the
telephone, where the reports were
transmitted to the correspondent
down-town, and immediately relayed
to the home town. ..That evening the
newspaper with the persistent corres
pondent had a full account of the
game on the streets 10 minutes after
the game was over, while the - rival
sheet was perfectly blank as far as
the account of the game was concern- -
ed.-The Dearborn Independent.
Subscribe to The Times
ey 6 per cent
nid can lend you money
pay 7 per cent, per year.
principal and discharges
or does your chief occu
i0,000.00 instead of $10,
the Bank or belong to
ns is very small. For
res f or Cl a r en don
iev 6 per cent

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