FARM TENANCY IN j
(University Weekly News).
Sixty-three per cent, of all of the j
rarms in South Carolina are operated j
by tenants. In 1910 there were 178,- i
434 farms in this State, and of these j
only 65,213 were operated by owners j
Only two states in the nation have ;
a greater percentage of tenancy than
this state. These are Mississippi with
66.1 per cent of all her farms oper- I
ated by tenants, and Georgia with
65.6 per cent.
The general average of tenancy in
the Bast North Central States, in-1 <
^ eluding Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michi- j
#an and Wisconsin was 27 per cent. >
The highest groups are the West
South Central States with 52.8 -per
cent tenancy, the East South Central 1
with 50.7 per cent, and the South At- j
lantic wilii 45.9 per cent. These three j;
consist largely of the cotton growing j
^rrOU, the buyers, are the real builders o!
jf the final Okay upon the use of certain
struction when you buy a wagon co
refuse to buy a wagon that does not. We wa
TTirtmhill Wapon is built. Upon a plai
, we are willing to rest our case. We believ<
would be jfour way if you should build a wage
Full Circle Iron
Malleable Front Houn Plate
potitgfi UftnT IB
Hans In Turning
In turning and backing up, with the ordinary
circle iron, which is only a half circle,
bolsters run off the end of the track and
hang. It is difficult to make short turns and
back up. The Thomhiil full circle iron
gives a continuous track on which the bolsters
The gears of Thornhill wagons stay in line for
life. Instead of the usual front hound plate,
a hound plate of malleable iron is used. It is
a metal jacket braced at ei^ht points that
beeps gears from ever getting out cf line.
I I] United
7:32 a. m. Trenl
9:28 a. m. Colu:
21:45 a. m. Trenl
13:02 p. m. Colurr
6:30 p. m. Treni
10:25 p. m. Colu:
J For ad
While the term "tenant," according
to the Thirtieth Census interpretation,:
includes both share-croppers and ren-;
ters, the situation is not materially ;
modified by this qualification. The i
essential point is that the greater percentage
of the farms in South Car- j
olina are operated by others than the j
owners themselves. j
Moreover, the tendency in this di- j
rection seems to oe on me mu VOOV j
in 1SS0 the percentage of tenancy in !
South Carolina was 50..'!; in 1890, it j
was 55.3; and in 1900 the figure was
61.1. There has been acompanying
this a progressive decrease in the
size of farms from 541 acres in
1S50 to 76.6 acres in 1910 The num- j
ber of tenant farmers in 1S80 was j
47,219; while in 1910, it was 111,221. j
Twenty-four counties in South Carolina
average more than 63 per cent,
tenancy. Marlboro leads with 80.4
per cent. Abbeyille and Union following
with 77.9 per cent, and 76.2 per
ts We Rest"
E wagons. You put For spokes and axles
i materials and con- used For hubs anc
ntaining them?and This wood grows up(
jit to show you how the climate severe,
n statement of facts the strength of oak ai
i the Thornhiil way Outdoors under she!
IIL eap dries in it, giving
Trussed Bolsters and
On the front bolsters of ThornhiH wagon!
are heavy iron plates running along top anc
bottom?connected by rivets that run cleai
through the bolster. Strength and lightnes;
are combined. Rear gears are strongly
ironed. There are braces on both top anc
bottom that extend the full length of th<
Solid trust bars extend the full length of th?
axles giving them double strength.
S. L. SWEEN1
I States Railroad Admioist
ECTOR GENERAL OF RAILROi
nd Departures of I
ins, Lexington, S.
lr?r> TitHo-pf iflfl AllSUStCL ........
ton, Edgefield and Augusta
ibia, Washington and New York
ton, Edgefield and Augusta
ditional information, commi
with Ticket Agents
cent respectively. The accompanying
table ranks the counties in the state
with the exception of those formed
i since 1910.
! This situation assumes unusual importance
when we consider its relation
to the existing boll weevil situj
ation. It is the tenant farmer who
[will find the matter of adjustment
| most difficult. He has never leaned
[ toward the system of safe farming
| which makes him provide his food
and feed supplies at home; and it is
| going to be hard to instil into him
as quickly as is necessary new methods
of farming which must be learned to
accommodate an enforced change
from the present system of agriculture.
The opportunities of landowners,
merchants, bankers, and business men
to aid in this program of education
for readjustment constitutes a responsibility;
for it is the tenant farmer
as a rule, who is most inaccessible
to the ordinary methods of
; tough second growth highland hickory is
i felloes the sturdy white oak is preferred.1
)n the mountain side. The ground is hardIt
has to fight for life. It has nearly twice
td hickory that grows under softer conditions,
iter it remains for three to five years. Tht
; it a strength that's kin to steel,
Long Wear Beds
If you examine the beds of Thomhill
Wagon3 closely you will see at once the
superiority of the construction. The
bottoms are rc-inforced over front and
^ rear bolsters.
r Come in and examine this wagon for
1 yourself. We will take pleasure and
; pride in showing you a Thornhill?The
wagon made of tough highland oak and
hickory?with features all others lack.
Q I So. Car.
9:28 a. m.
7:32 a. m.
3:02 p. m.
11:45 a. xn.
10:25 a. m.
6:30 p. m.
propaganda. He must be reached by]
the direct contact of those who are J
accustomed to advise him in his busi- ;
Also, it is generally conceded that j
ownership is a better type of farm- j
ing than tenancy. Denmark, Ireland.
England, and more recently the'j
i new republic of Czecho-,Slovakia have I
inaugurated national policies to en- !
courage ownership. An increasing!
tendency towards tenant farming is!
j Moved from Gervait to Cor. Hnger & Lady Sts.
! COLUMBIA JUNK CO.
Best Prices Paid For
j SCRAP IRON and METALS of all
j kinds, RAGS, RONES, RUBBER, Etc.
Good. Correct Scales"and
; 1227 Huger, Corner Lady Streets
j COLUMBIA, S. C.
| Good Sight
is necessary to good sight.
Eye strain is common.
Eye strain con be overcome.
Headache, squinting and cross-eyes
are caused by defective vision.
We examine the eyes for defects.
We correct the defects with proper
1503 MAIN STREET
COLUMBIA, S. C.
We have ar
to enable us
furnish all i
ash Salts E
grades of fc
MURIATE OF PC
See your Royst
F. s. RCT
Norfolk, Va. Richmond,
Washington, N. C. Co'unr
Colu mbu *, Gi. M
to be regretted. Everything possible
sliouM be done to stimulate the owners
living on their own farms and taking
an active interest in the vital matters
of maintaining soil fertility, and
building up community life.
Lexington County, with a percentage
ol* 14.1 per cent stands 29th in
the list of counties.
FATS FOR ENERGY
It's all too true that many
children have a dislike for
animal fats, yet the same
children will readily take and
This choice is instinctive and
I is linked up with the fact
that Scott's is assimilated
when other forms of fat are a
disturbing element. Give
| your boy and girl plenty of
i energizing and warmthI
imparting Scott's Emulsion.
It will build them up 2
The Norwegian cod-liver oil used
in Scott's Emulsion is super-refined v-iMv
in our own American Laboratories. IRif
Its purity and quality is unsurpassed. A
Sco tt & Bowue, Bloom field. N J. 19-33
Ip SB f fliHI
*| Gra?a VRa^Vd
| L0R1CK B
j COLUMBIA S. C.
nple supplies of German P
3 to say to the trade we are ]
grades of mixed goods with i
XCLUSIVELY, and, in addii
sell Genuine German Kainit
>reign potash Salts,
er dealer and place ;
Va. Lynchburg, Va. Tarbo*
ibia, S. C. Spartanburg, S, C.
[ontgomery, Ala. Baltimore, I
After you eat?always take
fcifffrr yopb acid-stomach)
t Instantly relieves Heartburn, Bloat*
i edGaMj reeling. Stops food souring,
I repeating, and all stomach miseries.
! MdsditMOonuaappMIMb Mipa stomacn
aweetand strong. Increases Vitality and Pep.
EATONICU the beet remedy. Tens ef thousands
wonderfully benefited. Only coetea cent
or two* day to oseit Positively guaranteed
to please or we will refund money, Get a big
box today* Y?j will see,
Harmon Drug Company,
Lexington. S. C.
Repairs. Steel Beams,
Rods, Ropes, Tackle,
Wire Cable, Boilers
Tanks, Stacks, Etc. Venj
tilators, Grating, Etc.
Lombard Iron Works
& Supply Co., S
i Ford Supplies and Repair* in Scock.
t SfcinqU Conxpaim a
THE ?1?K?JT (wn?rc " J ^
pour order now
o? N. C. Charlotte, N. C.
Atlanta, Ga. Macon, Ga.
Vld. Toledo, Ohio
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