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f | OFFICIAL COUNTY PAPER gr? *' ' Published Every Wednesday By I: I SLIGH & WALKER, llpp/ Lexington, S. C. G. M. HARMAN, Associate Editor. Etered at the Postoffice at Lexington, S. C., as mail matter of the Second Class. Subscription Price Per Year, $1.50 ?aen TV iniTAVriE. I"| * ADVERTISING RATES Wi i Obituaries and in memoriams, one cent a word. Cash with order. Cards of thanks, one cent a word. *j2sL* Cash with order. Want ads, one cent a word each > > n insertion. Cash with order. Make all remittances payable to SLIGH & WALKER. Address all communications to The DispatchNews, Lexington, S. C. Phone 119. f WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1921 NEW TAX MEASURES. Four new tax measures are now pending in tne souur Carolina legislature, all of them introduced in accordance with Governor Cooper's suggestions looking to the securing of state revenue from Other than property taxation. They1 are: an inheritance tax, an income tax, a tax on Soft drinks and a tax * on - gasoline, kerosene and lubricating oils. If all of these measures are passed, it is estimated, *fh? revenue from them will be sufficient to reduce the* propggj C;* i ... erty tax levy by several mills. The inherence ^nd gasoline tax measf, ures have been passed by the house. ?" It is not improbable that one or more oft hese measures will become law at this session, as the ge^etal assembly will probably exceed considerably this session its customary forty-day period. These proposed laws mark some progress in the matter of tax reform. The Dispatch-News, however, as it has said before, would like to see some steps taken by our solons looking to a readjustment of the -?r: perty tax. This is <he source from which K' i . ^ the majority of the state revenue i comes and something should be done , - to bring about a more equitable distribution . of the burder- among all 5 , classes of property owners. ?????? GO AFTER IT. "Business is going to be largely 1 * - ' * t? ? it v wnat we make u, ' saia a wen kduwh , business man to the editor the other day., "What I mean is this: The - business man who goes after business - hammer and tongs^ who looks well to his buying in order that he can pass along to his customers the bar* gains he can pick up (and there are . many to be: had in all lines) is going to reap the reward. There was a .time not so: far distant wh.r anybody and everybody had business and nobody need go after it; in fact the man who went alter it too strong was apt to find himself unable to get goods to supply the demand. But that day is gone and it may nor. return again soon. The deperciation in the purchasing power of the people has made more careful buyers of most folk and they are now on the ahnt for bargains. Hie man who manages his business so that he can give them the bargains and is willing to spend a moderate amount to apprise the people of thfc Values he offers will not find busiries? so dujl in 1921 after ail," Pretty sound logic we say. The world is getting back to the point where it appreciates a nustler an i the *eward for push and energy and honest square dealing will' still be ^ ; 'i V i I . great. ' > v ?? ??. TEMPTING FATE. The banks of Marlboro County marched up the hill and then marched down. In December they passed a resolution that farmers who would not reduce their cotton acreage 50 per cent, would not receive accommodation. The other day, under strong pressure from their farmer customers they, apparently regretfully rescinded the former resolution, which seems to indicate that Marl boro, the great cotton-producing county of the state, like Ephrahim is wedded to its idols, and her farmers in the face of the calamitously low prices and the worse than gloomy outlook unless the cotton acreage is materially cut, j are, going to follow their usual course and raise cotton to bfcy meat and bread. If next fall the price of cotton is still below the cost of. production, and the boll weevil ps a nin at the mammoth cotton stalks of' Marlboro and the garden spot of the state finds it impossible to feed her chickens, she will wish that her banks had stood pat on their first resolution. 1 l J Such flying, in the face of manifest destiny on the part of Marlboro al most makes one wish for legislatm control of the acreage. DISCOVERING A MISTAKE. Some counties where officials felt that it was necessary, in the face of the grave business conditions, to . economize by dispensing with the V county agents, are now discovering that this was a serious mistake. Face to face with the necessity of diversifying without the exact knowledge of ?tn nlnnt or how to eo VV IIO.L w X -- -- about planting them; with the absolute necessity of cutting the cost of production from one-half to twothirds below that of last year not knowing just how to reduce this costcutting without reducing the yield; with the importance of selling every farm product at the highest possible price without a definitely organized cooperative selling association; with the desire to increase the livestock on the farm without a thorouh knowledge of breeding, care, and feeding and of disease control; with the will | to plant home orchards without the knowledge of spraying and pruning; with mortgages or notes falling due on land and equipment without knowing, how to get extensions of credit, there has never been a time when a county agent has been so vitally necessary to farmers of any county in the South as during this year of uncertainty. ; Much as they may desire to do so, county authorities cannot economize by cutting off their county agent, for this is not economy. They save some few thousand dollars that go to pay the salary, but they rob the, county of from ten thousand to several hunoi etl thousand dollars of .income which the county , agent, will bring into the county by his work. No good county agent should be regarded, as an expense, ? but as a productive agency that brings in wealth, to the county many times over his salary every year. It is all right to economize, but care should be taken not to economize by cutting off the source of supplies.?The Progressive Farmer. HOW HOUSTONISM HELPED THE FARMER (Manufacturers Record, Baltimore, Md.) Mr. David Franklin Houston was Secretary of Agriculture from March 6. 1913, to February 2, 1920. The post is potentially highly constructive. From February 2, 1920, and until time, the great healer, shall have removed him from the position, he was and is Secretary of the Treasury, chairman of the Federal Reserve *Board, chairman of the Farm Loan Board, chairman of the War Finance Corporation. What Mr. Houston, Secretary of Agriculture, did for the farmer already is forgotten. What Mr. Houston in his newer and possibly more congenial position, through his policy of deflation, did to the farmer is in part succinctly told in the following official statement of the Department of Agriculture: Farmers Lose More than War Time Price Gains. "Beef cattle on farms lost in average value per head from January 1, 1919, to January 1, 1921, all that they gained during the participation of the United States in the World War, and more than half as much again, according to the Bureau of Crop Estimate, United States Department of Agriculture. The loss oc-' curred mostly in 1920. This has been established beyond doubt by the recent annual investigation of prices of farm animals per head made by the bureau. The average price per head, all aes, of cattle other than milch cows was $35.92 in 1917, $44.22 in 1919 and $31.41 in 1921. On January 1, last year, the farm price was $4.51 below that of 1Q17 onmn Vv? I W ? .V^I, uuuiv UC" fore this country declared war. "In the case of swine on farms, the average price per head, all ages, declined in the two years, 1919 and 1920, 88 per cent of the gain in 1917 and 1918, and two-thirds of the deline was in 1920. "From 1916 to 1919 the average farm value of the product of corn per acre increased from $21.67 to $38.54. The corn crop of 1920, taking the iverage value of the product of one acre, fell to $20.93, and this drop not anly wiped out the gain in the preceding three years, but perceptibly exreeded it. The commonly used percentages of decline since the break in price began fails to discover this fact, because a percentage of decline from a higher number is not comparable with a percentage of gain luring the preceding years, which is ased on a comparatively low number." VOTICE DEBTORS AND CREDITORS. All persons having claims against the estate of Cathern V. Langford ill present same duly signed to the indersigned on or before May 1, 1921. Those owing said estate will please nake settlement before that time. J. R .LANGFORD, Executor. SAYS CONFEDERATE HOME IN DEPLORABLE CONDITION "It is with shame that your committee is forced to report that in their opinion the state has been woefully derelict in its duty to these old soldiers (in the South Carolina Confederate home), who were entitled to be its proudest wards. We do not believe that -Sue hconditions as now exist at the Confederate home can be found to exist in the most poorly kept jail in South Carolina. "Certainly there is no state prison or reformatory in South Carolina that would not be a credit to the home in which those are now incarcerated who were at one time in the forefront of the battlefields of Virginia as the proud representatives of our great state." So read excerpts from the report of the committee of the general assembly appointed to investigate conditions at the Confederate home for old soldiers. On this committee were Representative C. N. Sapp, chairman; <? i. >r /^I TT ^ ? A T r1 ?enaiurs ;a nitrrt'jsun tf.uu <j . vj. Padgett and Representatives M. C. Foster and J. R. O'Rourke. The report was submitted last night. Difficult to Pictufe. A true picture of conditions existing at the home can not be conveyed in the report, the committee says, because it is impossible for the average mind to visualize such conditions existing in a home conducted under the fostering care of the state, the Confederate Veterans' association and Sons and Daughters of the Confederacy. Following these generalizations comes a detailed report of the investigation. The main building, says the report, is most unsightly by reason of its dilapidated condition. The roof leaks to such an extent that the building is hardly habitable during a rain; the plastering is falling in many rooms. The heating plant is inadequate and the bedding, in the words of the committee, "is so repulsive when it is realized that these old men, wards of the state, are forced, without any alternative, to sleep in such conditions, that we hesitate in making a true statement in reference thereto, but suffice it to say that in our opinion no dog house kept by any~gentleman in this state would be quite so unsightly and unsanitary." The dining room is, too, "in a condition which we do not believe would be tolerated by the good citizens of this state if they knew the real conditions." The hospital, says the report, if not in much better condition than any other departments to which atettnion has been called. It is heated by ordinary wood stoves. One trained nurse is employed during the day and at other times the inmates are attended by negro male help, says the report. From eight to 12 men, 73 or 80 years old, are confined in this hospital at all times. Danger from fire is also called to ;the attention of the assembly. Suggest Xew Plant. The committee reports that it believes it would be economy for the statq to erect a new plant rather than try to repair the persent one. It recommends that a new building, costing approximately $75,000, be erected. In case this be not done, the committee recommends that not less than $35,000 be appropriated for repairs and for refurnishing the building. In discussing the needs for a new building, the report reads: "Certainly we are not so penurious as to say that the state is unable to do this small honor to the men and the cause of which we are so proud when we realize that we have now under construction, and have constructed, elegant brick homes, modern in every respect, to reform criminal negro boys, fallen women and the feeble minded, all of which are perhaps worthy objects, but certainly none of which, in our opinion, are so worthy as the cause to which we are now calling your attention." There are 9G inmates now in the home, says the report, with several on the waiting list. The committee recommends that the superintendent be authorized to employ an additional graduate nurse and that an appropriation sufficient for the purchase of tnree additional miiK cows be made. Wants Woman on Board. In conclusion ,the report says: "We are of the opinion that either due ;to mismanagement or lack of proper interest the home in the past has not been properly cared for, but we have no quarrel to pick with any one responsible for the conditions; it being our only desire to remedy the conditions now existing and prevent its recurrence. We believe that the present superintendent is doing the best be can under the circumstances, and are happy to report that without exception the inmates of the home are highly pleased with his adminis trauon 01 us anairs but, as so frequently stated in this report, he, nor any other superintendent that may be had, can do justice to the inmates under the conditions no\fr existing. "We strongly recommend that least a minority of the members / . the board of control of the institute ' > be ladies, for the very good reas< ; that at present it will only take . glance around the premises to co:. vince one that the helpful inftuen< : and beneficial touch of the good women has been lacking in the past, arte : we believe that if they be given voice in the administration of ti: I affairs of the home that a recurren * ' of the present conditions at the hor. will be impossible." * I ; WHERE DO OUR SWEET ( POTATOES (SO? . i Clemson College, February 14.? Of the hundred and three million bushels of sweet potatoes produced in the United States during the year 1919, eighty per cent, or more than ' eighty million bushels, were produced in the Southern States; yet the markets were suDDlied in the main by the sweet potatoes grown in the , North. The North produced around twenty million bushels but marketed approximately seventy-five per cent < of all potatoes that were marketed. The Southern States south of Virginia and Kentucky grow the south-, ern varieties and produced approximately 146,360 cars of sweet potatoes (calling 600 bushels a car). Out of this amount of sweet potatoes 4,020 Qars were shipped to market, which was less than three per cent of the production. ' South Carolina produced 12,600 cars, and at the same time there were shipped into this state 25 cars from Georgia and North Carolina. Why was this true? Did South Carolina not raise enough potatoes for home use? Yes, and she had a surplus, but the potatoes were not put in marketable shape, not stored, not graded and cured and in ear lots ready for shipment when markets demanded them. j* First, In growing sweet potatoes for markets within or outside this State, we must not forget our competitors, especially the competitors that we have when we attempt to place our potatoes on the market north of us. There is strong competition north of us from the latter part of July or first of August until latter part of January says F. L?. Harkey, Extension Service Marketing Agent. The first potato ready for shipment in the United States is the Triumph or Improved Jersey sweet potato shipped from Foley and Bay Minette, Alabama, and nearby shipping points. Shipping season at these points starts about July 1st. About three weeks later practically the same variety of sweet potato begins to move from Elizabeth City section of North Carolina. Many cars of these early potatoes go as far as Kansas City, Missouri, and some beyond. When North Carolina shipping is in full blast, the eastern shore of Virginia opens up with an early variety of sweet potato, and a little later Delaware and New Jersey begin to supply the Eastern markets. These two states store a great part of their crop and take the best care of this stored stock until December or January, at which time their shipments b^gin to take care of a greater part of the demand on the Eastern markets. It should not be understood that mere is not a demand in most or these markets for some of our best graded stock from December on, but the demand increases when the Jersey sweet potatoes are out of the way. Our Porto Rico and Nancv Hall varieties of sweet potatoes are finding increased favor on the Northern markets, but in making an introduction, we must see that the product piesents a neat attractive appearance. That means potatoes well graded and properly handled. The slogan of commercial sweet potato growers should be, "Place a graded i product of superior quality on the market." This season we have made a rapid stride in the marketing of this now important crop. We have more than quadrupled our storage space and will therefore quadruple our shipments from the state. And let us hope that we will divide by four the shipments coming into the state. By the Way. "Thf> rnnrprn that nnornfps: thp automatic weighing machines in our town," writes Billy Tompkins from San Diego, "gets its income by more weighs than one." NOTICE FINAL DISCHARGE. Notice is hereby given that I will apply to George S. Drafts, probate judge for Lexington county, South ( Carolina, on March 2, 1921, next, for a final discharge as executor of the state of Jos. S. Meetze, deceased. i J. HENRY MEETZE, Executor. ' Feb. 1, 1921. expense." ESTATE NOTICE. persons indebted* to", the estate r\ Koon will please make settle- j . and all persons holding claims j - : said estate will please present i I ? , o the undersigned. J. C. KOON, j p Administrator. S. C. 4t-20-p J i :> EfiTORS AND (CREDITORS NOTICE, j . AI: persons having claims against 1 LA" '-- ate of W. Q. Jackson, deceased. are hereby notified to file the. same, properly proven, with the un- \ dersigned, whose address is P. O. Box j j 115, Columbia, S. C., and all persons i indebted to the said estate are notified . to make payment to him. Q. B. JACKSON, Administrator of the estate of \V. Q. j Jackson. ; I ' ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE. As the Administrator of the estate of W. Q. Jackson, I will sell at public auction to the highest bidder for cash at the late home of the deceased the personal property belonging to the estate, consisting of cattle, mules ag- . ricultural implements, fodder, corn, ] hay, " harness, wagons, automobile, etc., on Thursday, March 10, 1921, at ten o'clock in the forenoon.. Q. B .JACKSON, Administrator Estate of W. Q. Jackson. . . BARGAINS!' " "" ";':' BARGAINS!' ' BARGAINS! Hundreds of coats, Dresses and "* coat suits at less than 5#c on the dollar. We have gone thru our stock and found that we have hundreds of garments on hand that we must sell. In this lot we have both win- | ter and spring models of the best quality and workmanship. Lot No. 1, Coat Suits of serge, tricotine, and velours, up to $39.50. Your choice $14.95 Lot No. 2. Very high grade coat ' suits in a variety of materials, values up to $75. Your choice $19.50 ; Lot No. 3. Ladies dresses of taffeta, georgetes, tricotines and satins. Values up to $30. Your choice $9.95 Lot No. 4, High grade dresses of assorted materials. Values up ,to $49.50. Your choice $15.95 Lot No. 5. About fifty ladies coat suits, values up to $30. Your choice $9.95 FTJRTICK'S SAMPLE STORE ! COR. GERVAIS AND GATES STS.; Columbia, S. C. CITATION NOTICE. State of South Carolina, County of Lexington.?By George S. Drafts, Esquire, Probate Judge. Whereas, H. L. Harmon, C. C. C. P. & G. S. made suit to me, to grant him Letters of Administration of the Estate of and the effects of Henry W. Koon. These are therefore to cite and admonish all and singular the kindred i an dCreditors of the said Henry W. Koon, deceased, that they be and appear, before me, in the Court of Probate. to be held at Lexington, C. H., S. C., on first day April, 1921, next, after publication hereof at 11 o'clock in the forenoon, to show cause, if any they have, why the said Administration should not be granted. Given under my Hand, this 23d day of February Anno Domini 1921. GEO. S. DRAFTS (L. S.) Probate Judge, Lex. Co., S. C. Published on the 23d day of February, 1921 in the Lexington Dispatch News for six weeks. > w r- 6t-22-c MY!?What a lovely suit, I'll bet it. came from Sample Store Annex, ^ 1900 Main St. FOR RENT?One one-horse farm near Gaston. Apply Lowman Smith, Gaston, S. C., R. F. D. No. 1. ltc , iJ FOUND?Spotted pig, weighing about 40 pounds, come to my place Feb. 10. Owner can get same by paying bill and for advertisement, i Alonzo Smith. Lexington, S. C. ltp , " f ? , LADIES?Use discretion and see us I before buying. Sample Store Annex. 1900 Main St. NOTICE. I Stock Certificate No. of Banl< j of Pelion, Pelion, S. C., for (3) shares j of said bank stock issued to E. H. | Parrs on August 19. 1914, said cor-i tifieate having been lost or destroyed i during 1920. I will apply to said ! Bank of Pelion for a new Certificate j ^ on March 28th, 1921. E. H. PARES, Estate, By L. P. PARRS, Admtx. j 5t-21 -c. IVE?Have the ladies of Columbia talking. Sample Store Annex, 1900 Main St. - ^ '' r~; i " " - ' ; ii, 'r i a j i '? WANT AOS. J 'OR SALE?Three young good work HH mules, from 4 to 1 years; aiso wagtm, huggy and harness. Apply B. R .Harmon, Lexington, S, C. , 4t-2Gp -'OR RENT?Five room house on Main street in town of Lexington. Annlv S. J. Long, Lexington, S. C. lt-p KODAKERS?Correct develop-in?, means better pictures. Send -your kodak films to us and get the-best. Columbia Studio, 1423 Main -Street. Columbia. S. C. Write for price list. - ' 2I-E .y BALDWIN RED COB WHITE SEED CORN, for sale at $1.00 per peck or $3.50 per bushel. Prolific, made in sand land an average over seventy bushels per acre.. On sale at Lexington Cotton Fertilizer Co.. G. W. Miller,. producer. . . . [MPROVED ' COLUMBIA LONG STAPLE COTTON SEED for sale, $3.50 per bushel. In" 19i9, row tested made ^one-fourth mdre; see< cptton per acre than Cleveland Big Boll short staple. cotton." Grows 1 .1-4 inch staple. This *"' long staple cotton gives 34 to 35 per cent lint, and gathers easier^ than Short staple cotton, and is as early as Cleveland Big Boll. Stalks ariii lint of the Improved Columbia' Long Staple can be seen at Lexington Cotton & Fertilizer Co.?G. W. Miliinnr * ivl f ~ _____ SAW FILING?Am prepared to file and set hand and crosscut ' saws. Work guaranteed. R. D. Harmon, near Rauch's stable, Lexington, S. C. 2t-18-p SINGLE comb Black Minorcas Eggs. 15 for $2.00, postpaid. Mrs. J. J. Bowles, WoOdford, S.C. 18-p FOR RENT?Thirty-flye acre , , farm just out of town, near the:residence of Mr .S. J. Leaphart. For particulars apply Mrs. Bessie Berly, Lexington, S. C. 18-p FOR SALE?Improved Columbia Long staple cotton seed, $3.db per t'. ! ' a,? # bushel. In 1919 in row tests made more per acre than Cleveland big boll; easier gathered than short staple cotton; staple 1 1-4 inches in length. On sale at Lexington Cotton & Fertilizer Co., Lexington, S. C. iS-tf NOTICE?I am ready to grind velvet beans and corn for the public. Mill days, Tuesday, Thursdays and Saturdays. Also blacksmith work. L. S. Chaney, Swansea, S. C. 4t-19p T XTT no C*n*\TTT*\T /"\ TTi^L ~ 1 A _ JUXJUXiiO OiUUlU- Xllgll ISlcLSS JJIlOUjgraphs, taken day or night. 1st Prize, South Carolina State Fair, 7 years. 1511 Main Street, ^Columbia, S. C., Telephone 227. 3t-18-c WANTED?Men or women to take orders among friends and neighbors . .! for the genuine guaranteed hosiery, full line for men, women and children. Eliminates darning. ?We pay 75 an hour Spare time, or $36.00 a week for full time. Experience unnecessary. Write International Stocking Mills, Norristown, Pa. 10t-p-21 PARTIES having large tracts of land and want it divided and sold for the high dollar write us; also smaller tracts handled; large tracts a specialty; best auctioneer' in the State. Write P. O. Box 304, New Brookland, S. C. ll-10-6m. LIBERTY BONDS?I will pay market prices for all issues of Liberty bonds. J. P. Ott, Lexington, S. C. d 31tf-c 1 FOR SALE?Cabbage plants. $1.50 1 per 1,000; 90c, 500; $1.25, 5,000. Mail postpaid 25c, 100; $1.00, 500; $1.75 per 1,000. R. Y. Cromer, Lex-' ington, S. C., Phone 14-55. 4t-lS-p HANDSOME, Congenial young lady worth $100,000 is anxious to marry honorable, worthy gentleman. Katharine, 508 Lankershim Bldg., Los Angeles, Cal. 4t-20-p rOR SALE OR TRADE?Some good milch cows. Cheap for cash or wilt exchange for yearlings for pasturing. Apply to Haskell and Paul Shull, Lexington, Rt. 2. 2te JET' YOUR HEMSTITCHING and pleating done at the Columbia Hemstitching and Pleating Co., 1310 Main street. Skirts, $2: hemstitching on silk or cotton, 10c per yard: gold and silver picot edging, prinking, etc. Phone 2272. Dora Cornelison, Columbia, S: C. Mail orders a specialty.