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The Bamberg herald. (Bamberg, S.C.) 1891-1972, August 17, 1899, Image 1

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The Veteran Educator Tells How
He Was Educated.
Some Words of Wisdom From One Whose
Knowledge Comes From Experience-Pearls
of Thought.
To the Editor of The State:?Colleges
endowed or unendowed are
valuable only as they endow men
^ and women. If every college now
in our country (400 in rouud numbers)
had amplest outfit, in all needful
buildings, apparatus, salaries for
professors, there would still be a
great question pending. How can
all this money and money's worth
be changed into Christian manhood,
and Christian womanhood? In
Duildinga large laciury an v I
can predict how many yards of
cloth it will yearly send out, and
also the general worth of the fabric. I
It is not so where human minds,
hearts and character are involved.
Suppose, however, that every college 1
sent out yearly its large class of 1
thoroughly educated men and wo- 1
men. A rich stream of good influ- 1
ences would certainly be poured into I
the current life of our great, restless, ]
growing nation. Yet the prospect
would be very gloomy, indeed, if no 1
other causes were at work to help 1
us. We need and must have more 1
good influences at work than 1
all our CDlleges can possibly give us. 1
Perhaps some parents are becoming 1
almost provoked at the frequent allusions
in our papers to colleges, (
r their work, and their needs. The
DaDer mav be laid down with the 1
feeling, "What are cdieges to me
and my children?"
No parents should hastily conclude
that their children will never
. have access to a college. An intelligent
thirst for education and a persevering
spirit may bring the improbable
to pass. Recent statistics
show that college students from
farms are more numerous in proportion
in the South than in other parts
of the country. But our purpose
now is to speak to the parents whose
children.will never go to college.
Your children are not shut out from f
? a useful career even if shut out from t
# college. A good common school v
education is taken for granted. This s
you must give them. Remember the s
word common does not necessarily t
mean cheap, inferior, insignificant v
and worthless. It means general, v
universal. Air and water are com- j
mon. But they are not worthless. v
The world needs a great many peo- ^
pie to do common, general things. ^
This does not mean insignificant or a
* degrading work. It means the work v
that is absolutely necessary to hold
up the vast structure of society; such
L ? 41? ?? >?* r\f Human
WOFK 2m Hit/ ^lcoi uiajvi ivj v? u U
beings must do though it attracts no a
special notice. "I expect to be a
common man, standing in my com- ?
mon lot, bearing common burdens,
* and doing common duties, as a pri- I
vate goou man ought to do." Would v
an expression like this betrajr a *
weak, cowardly, Ignoble spirit? r
"Faithful but not famous." This is i
the best epitaph in reach of the great v
mass of human beings. To be fa- 1
mous *is, of necessity, denied to the t
^ multitude, just as great wealth is i>
denied them. A nation of million- F
aires would be a nation of paupers, j
All men becoming famous would
end in no one being famous, all being
on a dead level.
A common education, when it *
meets, the requisite material, may t
bring forth an uncommon man. This t
has often happened and will happen c
again. The generous instincts and *
aspirations of finest natures are pro- f
vided for by this law. And by a law c
equally sure many college graduates f
are common men and do common c
work. But we come back to the f
great truth that boys and girls may i
be fitted for life in its broadest, *
healthiest, most necessary sphere,
its widest range of duties, achieve- ,
mente and enjoyments by a good \
common education. This places *
them on that high flat table on which !
the great majority of the world's j
population must live. And on this i
^ populous plain, after all, there is
more contentment, more real happiness
than on the few higher peaks ]
where the light and heat strike so I
Habits of truthfulness, justice,
self-denial and reverence form a
f large part of a good education, and
these may be round eisewnere man
on a college campus. They may grow |
readily and rapidly in the humblest
borne, on a small farm, owned or
Tented. The parents may resolve
that they will not send into life an
ignorant, unsubdued,'selfish, dangerous
boy or girl. As parents, you are
"* already interested in the kind of
teachers your children will meet m
the school room a year hence. See
to it that they have good teachers
now at home. See to it that the;
daily life, the atmosphere, the routine
the constant spirit of the home is
teaching good lessons of abiding
value. Kishop John H. Vincent
bears this testimony to his home
training: "My father made a point
of holding his children to the use of
goodEuglish. * * * To this habit
of parental carefulness I owe more
- for what little knowledge of English
I have than to all my teachers and
text books put together. Living for
several years in a community, where
the worst provincialisms prevailed,
1 was kept in a great degree, from I
falling into habits wliicli it wouiu
have been hard iu the after years to
correct." Tiiis is an instance of
what may be done in one very im'
portant respect.
Families, like colleges, are valuable
and fill their high mission only
as they endow men and women. A
very small minority of the families
supply all the college students ol
our land. The colleges need all the
thousands of homes from which no
students will ever knock at a college
door for admission. These homes
need the colleges. The country
needs both. When you read the
next appeal for colleges, do not let it
annoy you. Lay the paper down
with a silent prayer for colleges and
take up your home duties with new
zeal, self-respect and hope. A quiet,
happy day in the home life is a fair
page in the history of that family.
I> will loavp ftssopintioiis and memo
ries to be recalled tenderly a half
century after the family circle is
broken and scattered!
The quiet homes of the land take
their place with the churches, colleges,
the press and other great
agencies in building up all that is
valuable in our social, political and
religious life. And the home is
generally what the mother makes it.
A French writer says: "Woman
carries the destiny of the family in
the fold of her mantle." There is
great truth in that striking expression,
whether that mantle be of royal
silk, calico or homespun. The late
president of Yale university, answering
at some length the question.
'How was I educated ?" closes with
these words: "The children of a
liousehold grow more easily and
naturally in the religious life, not
tvhen the parents are always talking
ibout it and pressing it upon them,
nut when the atmosphere of the
house is so full of religion that they
lo uot think of living any other life.
\nd, in the same way, when parents
nake their children sharers in a true
ntellectual life possess by them- j
selves and make the house full of the i
sense of the blessedness of knowl
idge, the minds of the children will
surely be awake to knowledge and
?ill be educated as the years go on.
> * * And so my answer to the
question, 'How I was educated?'
mds as it began?I had the right
.Tas. H. Carlisle.
Spartanburg. S. C., Aug. 2.
Good Advice.
"Burdette gives good advice, as
ollows." "There are young men
hat do not work, my son; but the
vorld is not proud of them. It does
lot know their names, even; it
imply sneaks of them as old 6o-ando's
boys. Nobody likes them, no>ody
hates them; the great busy
vorld doesn't even know that they
ire there. So find out what you
rant to be and do, son, and take off
rour coat and make a dust in the
rorld. The busier you are the less
leviltry you are apt to get into, the
weeter will be your sleep, the
irighter and happier your holidays,
ind the better satisfied will the
rorld be with you."
Reflections of a Bachelor.
When a woman happens to hit
ipon a good argument, she talks on
mother which kills it.
When a wise man wants to adverise
anything to a neighborhood he
onfides.it as a secret to his wife.
No matter how much mother-inaw
there is in her own family, every
rotnan thanks God there is more in
ler neighbor's.
A woman really has only two
nethods. One is when she doesn't
nean what she says; the other is
vhen she doesn't say what she
After one woman has explained
hat she likes another because she
lever says ill-natured things about
>eople, she rehashes two hours of
candalous gossip which she has
ust received from her.
The Irony of Fate.
A good story is being circulated at
he expense of a Laurens merchant
vho would not patronize home enerprise.
The Laurens Canning facory,
one of the most successful con:erns
in the State, ships its goods to
ill parts of the country, but the mershant
in question persistently reused
to place his order with it because
it was a local concern, whose
joods were not, as he thought, of the
juality he desired to handle. Re;ently,
the story goes, he placed an
>rder with a New York house, givng
them instructions to send the
)est canned goods in the house.
When the goods came the merchant,
;o his surprise, learned that they
vere goods from the Laurens factory,
)ut up within half a mile of his
store. Aside from the freight, he
viid considerably more for the goods
:han they would have cost him at
Laurens.* Moral?Patronize home
industry.?Columbia Record.
The following conversation is reported
as having taken place between
a noted political and financial
leader and a friend.
The politician was about to move
into a new house.
."What about your new home?"
"Haven't seen it."
"What? Bought a home without
looking at it?" ?
"Sir," impressively, "you can't
buy a home. A man buys a house?
but only a woman call mane 1L a.
home. A house i9 a body, a home is
a soul. I only bought the lots upon
which a house has been built under
my wife's general supervision. In
that house she is uow making a
The man who has this ideal of a
home is the one who may be trusted
to help create it,
Never throw mud at a thing you
don't like; other people may appreciate
George Washington never told a
lie, but politics was different in his
time from what it is now.
The woman in a new frock always
thinks how much she will enjoy it
next summer, when it is so old she
won't have to take care of it.
It is selfish people who discover
the selfishness of others.
Love levels all ranks?except in
Kentucky. There a man is either a
major or a colonel just as long as he
pays his liquor bills.
Marriage may be made in Heaven
but tnere's a lot of earthly preparation
needed, and that's why its sc
j attractive.
When a mau meets his wife dowr
town he wonders how much it wii
cost him.
The last word is said to be the mos
dangerous. Show this to your wife
Revivalist Lectures on Christian Manhood.
Pontiao, III., Aug. (5.?Excursions
to-day brought thousands of
visitors to attend Jones's day at the
Chautauqua assembly and before
noon fully fifteen thousand people
were on the ground. Sam P. Jones,
of Georgia, lectured at 2 o'clock in
the afternoon and long before that
time the auditorium was overflowing.
His remarks were well applauded.
His lecture was on Christian
Manhood. Among other things
he said: ''Manhood is an impossibility
without faith in God, faith in
mankind and faith in oneself. The
man who believes in God and in his
Bible and then believes in his fellowman,
and believes in his own ability
to do the thing God would have him
do, is the man who is fully equipped
to begin the battle. Add to this
courage, and if the rank and file of
this country could swap off their
jawbones and spare ribs for backhone
we would stand some chance
of winning the fight.
"In the political world we are
short on manhood. If one should
catch all the old politicians in Illinois
and shut them up in a plate
glass case, the devil would come
along in the morning, peep in on
them, walk off, shake his head and
say, 'Boys, that gang is ahead of
anything I've got.' He would tie
the blue ribbon on that cage. Not
one man in five thousand in America
to-day has the moral courage to vote
as he prays. In the moral world we
lack manhood.
"The preachers are good fellows
but they don't want any row with
the devil or his gang. They are Tuning
the devil out of this country like
I saw a dog running a hog |once?the
i dog was in front and the hogcouldn't
keep up with the procession. We
need courage in the home life. We
need mammies and daddies of the
old fashioned sort for the kids of the
present day. My doctrine is if the
parents can't boss the kids they had
better go out of the kid business.
"Integiity and industry with the
right moral forces co-operate in hu- (
man life, and manhood is the natur- ,
al outcome. Cherish the good, shun ,
the evil, associate with the good, |
and don't run with the politicians }
without reserving a thin suit of ,
clothes for the next world."
Sentiment Run Mad. 1
Sympathy and affection for a certain
insect pest were openly express- 1
ed at a recent meeting of a theosophical
club in Philadelphia. One
feminine speaker declared that it
was awful sinful to kill 'the unpopu- '
lar bedbug. She said: "I caught {
two bedbugs biting me behind the I
ear, took them gently in my fingers, <
placed them outside the window and
exclaimed, 'Dear little bedbugs, I '
love you, but you must go home to <
return no more.'" The bedbugs de- j
parted and never came baek. Anoth- ,
er speaker made an appeal for the
mosquito, which, she said, "led at f
best a brief and painful existence, I
signing its death warrant when it t
took its first taste of human blood, j
True Esoteric Buddhism required
that all windows and doors should *
be screened so that the sum total of t
animal suffering might be lessened." r
A giddy girl sitting behind the j
speaker' tickled her neck with the .
tassel of a parasol and the vicious 1
slap this broad philanthropist gave I
-1 4. 1 -4. U 4
at trie supposed insect urew lurm a \
ripple of laughter from the rather ,
unbelieving part of the audience.
The Twilight Hour. i
Her little feet have wandered all the <
busy, tired day I
Along the paths where sunbeams i
with the shadows love to play.
And now, at night, she comes to me, '
my sleepy little fay, I
To rest within my arms awhile till ]
she is tucked away.
Her little hands are pliant now, they
yield to my caress, '
And drooping lids to dreamland's i
charms would willingly confess. i
Yet closer to my breast she sinks, ,
her thoughts are far away
Across the borderland where she 1
will soon be tucked away, I
Oh, little life, my load of cares 6lips <
down when you appear,
Your golden locks light up my life
with very precious cheer?
I wonder if you think or know how
rich I count each day
When all my hopes and all my love
with you are tucked away.
?Woman's Life.
I Ominous.
When Julia, Mrs. Blank's maid of
all work, came to her mistress and
"gave notice" because she was going
to be married, Mrs. Blank said:
"You know, Julia, that marriage
is a pretty serious thing."
"Yes'm," replied Julia, "but not
gittin' married is a more seriouser
thing sometimes, don't you think?
Anyhow, it'll be as serious for him
as it is for me if we don't git along
all right. But then, as you say,
gittin' married is about the seriousest
piece of bizness a body can ingage
in, an' mebbe I am a fool an'
niebbe lie's a bigger one. There's
| no tellin. It's a turrible solemn
i thing, as I reckon you've found out
by this time. Like enough I'll sip
sorrow, but so will he, that's one
| comfort."
A Boy's Composition on Newspapers,
An exchange publishes the folfollowing
composition on ''newspapers
" written by a little boy:
"I don't know how newspapers
came into the world. I don't think
God does either, for he ain't got
nothing to say about them, and editors
ain't in the Bible. I think the
editor is one of the missing links
you hear about and strayed into the
bush 'till after the flood, then sneaked
out and wrote the things up, and
has been here ever since. 1 don't
think he ever dies. I never saw a
dead one and never heard of one
gettin' licked. Our paper is a
mighty poor 'tin. The editor goes
without underclothes all winter,
don't wear no sox, and paw ain't
, paid tiis subscription in live years."
A Hard World.
! "By lookin' in de microscope,"
> said Plodding Pete, "you learns dat
every time you drinks water you
j puts a bunch o' wild an' wigglin'
j animals in yer stomach."
"Yes," answered Meandering
Mike, "an if you drinks whiskey
t you has 'em in yer head; so what's
. a man to do?"
Penitentiary Investigating Committee
Completes its Work.
Not at all Creditable-Directors Scored- |
Boarding House for Visitors
Tillman. Evans and ellerbe
Columbia, S. C., Aug;. 8.?The
penitentiary committee filed its report
to-day. The report covers
many pages of type-written matter.
It takes up the investigation under
three heads; the treatment of the
convicts, the condition of the property
and the financial management of
the institution.
As to the general financial condition
of the penitentiary the committee
states that they found the affairs
not at all creditable. The directors
knew little?too little of the affairs
of the institution and were subservient
to the will of the superintendent.
The fact that there were $4,600
worth of Ragsdale notes in the bank,
representing convict hire for two
years, on Neal's place while the
directors thought that it had been
paid, showed that their knowledge
was superficial. The fact that tney
paid him $10 a month for stable rent
for over six years and allowing penitentiary
horses to stand in the stable,
which Co'.onel Neal used for his own
benefit is another evidence of the
o,inuw,ion(>fl nf thftir faculties in an
proving accounts. There is no law
authorizing directors for keeping a
lot of horses for the use of the superintendent's
family and this was an
unwarranted extravagance.
The custom of entertaining at the
penitentiary grew up largely under
Mr. Neal. Crowds ate there free,
making the taxpayers their hotel
keepers. The board of directors set
the example by boarding themselves
there. This rule has been changed
as the board of directors now live in
the city.
The institution came to be considered
a place where any accommodation
could be had. We find that articles
produced at the penitentiary
have been given away to congressmen,
such as a bookcase to Congressman
Latimer, furniture to 1). H.
Tompkius, aud T. J. Cunningham
and S. P. J. Garris and Senator Tillman
got a carload of brick. Tillman <
says Neal gave him the brick, but
NTeal says he sold them to him. i
Neal now professes he is ready to j
pay for most of these at tides. Mr. !
3arris also got a carload of brick ]
jats, some pigs and turnips. Mr. i
Harris has been anxious to settle the <
pig bill, but could not have it made I
>ut but the other articles were mere I
presents. Further Neal allowed the i
governors of the State, during nis .
idmioistration to get such tilings as <
;hey desired, and neitlier presented <
:he bill for them nor placed them in <
;he assets on tiie books. Neal him- <
jelf took supplies to a large extent at {
i low price and never paid for them. ?
The superintendent was furnished
'ree coal and wood. This is not al- 1
owed by law and is merely a device <
;o increase his salary. Neal and
jlovernor Ellerbe both had their I
cashing done at the laundry at the I
penitentiary. It is disagreeable to I
refer to these matters, but if the gov- s
srnor's salary is too small it should
je increased bj' the general assembly i
ind not supplemented by the peni- i
tentiary. A public officer, because i
lie is a public officer, has no more I
right to the property of the State :
than the humblest citizen. We
think the penitentiary authorities
ahould at once find out the value of
the things thus given away and present
the bills to parties to whom the
things were given, many of whom
have professed willingness to pay for
The management has been receiving
favors and granting them in return.
The Hon. J. W. Ashley furnished
transportation to the officials
and in return his horse was boarded
at the penitentiary, during the session
of 1898. This may be convenient,
but it is not business.
Another unbusinesslike matter was
the contract with the knitting mill
company. They give the mill a 25
horse power motor, pay the electrical
company for 25 horse power and
- i- * u ? ., > i 11 am 11- frti- u'liuf iimvpr
CIIHlge mo iiini vi?.j av.. ........
is used. Tney have not settled in
five years and have not even put in a
meter to tell how much power has
been used.
As to Neal's financial transactions
and his moral obliquity in the matter,
in the face of the plain spirit of
the law he arranged with his kinsman
and creditor, J. Belton Watson,
procured him convicts to work his
farm in Anderson and the net proceeds
after paying for convict labor
and farm expenses should be applied
on his debt to Watson. He thus indirectly
hired the convicts for himself,
which is contrary to the intent
of the law.
The committee then went into the
details of the transaction between
Watson and Neal and show that all
the profits inured to Neal's benefit.
The committee then proceeded to
consider various amounts collected
by Colonel Neal from different parties,
which he acknowledged himself,
that he had not turned in and
which he still owed the State. The
committee especially condemns the
endorsement of an $J<60 note to J. B.
Watson, thus making the penitentiary
borrow the money merely for
Watson's accommodation.
The committee gives an itemized
statement of what Colonel Neal
claims that he owes amounting in all
to $3,584.41. The committee, however,
holds him liable for the Wat
j son convict hire amounting to $7.4(X) j
i and stable rent amounting: to $74o,
i making the total deficit $1 1.724.41.
The committee finds that Governor
I K ller be owes the commissary acI
count $154.11. John Gary Evans owes
j $181.14, R. R.Tillman $57.06 and for
the brick $72, oats no amount "given.
The committee concludes by saying-:
The evidence taken is herewith
submitted, the proper steps to he
taken as a result of this report, and
the evidence will no doubt be determined
by yourself and the attorney
"As to the treatment of the convicts:
We find that Mr. Neal has
always been an advocate of humanity
and that wherever the treatment
of convicts came under his personal '
supervision there is no doubt of their
kind and humane treatment. One instance
of very severe whipping is reported
as being given by one subordinate.
J. J. Cooley, for which Mr. 1
Neal is not responsible.
"We wish to commend the
methods used by Mr. Miller, man- 1
ager of the Lexington farm, in this (
particular: His management Jhas 1
reduced the necessity for whipping 1
to a minimum and yet he gets excel- *
lent results. i
"While we know that the convict i
must he controlled, we feel that the 1
dictates of humanity require that the
unfortunate who is without charac- {
ter or legal standing and without 1
friends or hope of redress |should be 1
treated with all the consideration 1
which strict discipline will allow. '
We are glad to be able to report that s
Mr. Ncal has always .shown his de- '
sire to do his full duty by the con- !
victs from a humanitarian stand- 1
1, "We find the farming: property
in fine condition, well stocked and
well cultivated; large crops are
made, and valuable improvements
in the way of buildings and dykes
and ditching and clearing have been
made during his administration.
"The superintendent deserves
commendation for the energetic and
skilful management of the affairs
and improvements made on the
property, both on the farms and at
penitentiary itself. The DeSaussure
and Reid farms have been paid for
under the administration of Mr.
Neal. We are not prepared to say
that the farming business, however,
is profitable. There has been, for
instance, for the year 1899 an average
of 139 hands used on the Reid and
DeSaussure farms. The evidence is
that they will pay $50 per year pet
per head when hired out, making
$6,950 net from their hire. The total
products from these farms for 1898,
us reported by the board, was $41,J13.95.
The cash returned from the
farm produce DeSaussure and Reid
farms, pages 24 and 11, is $12,735.55;
and ninety-nine bales of cotton on
January 1st, '99; there was possibly
in hand at that time under a liberal
estimate $7,000 worth of other proJuce,
making a total of $22,210 55 accounted
for. and leaving a balance of 1
kio o.\o iii ...l.:..I, n.iiui lioun Kuan <*,in. V
P L D,0UO.1U ? I11CII IliUOi, liutv, Ifvvi. VV..
sumed." :l
The committee then takes up the '
financial pliase of these farming
Governor McSweeney is not here, ^
but on his return the whole case will
be turned over to Mr. Bellinger for
him to bring the indictments and (
such other action as may lie proper.
John Gary Evans^writes a letter to ^
say he will pay his bill as soon as it
is sent him in correct form and .Senator
Tillman says he will pay for the i
brick, but wants them at. less than .
Josh Billings on Infidelity.
Imprudence, ingratitude, ignor
mice and cowardice make up the
kreed ov infidelity. 1
It is a statistikal fakt that the
wicked work harder to reach hell, ,
than the righteous do to enter
I notiss one thing: When a man
gets in a light spot, he don't never
send for his friend, the devil, to keep
him out.
I would rather be an idiot than an t
infidel. If I am an infidel I have j
made myself one, if an idiot I was |
made so. t
I never have met a free thinker
yet who did not believe a hundred
times more nonsens; than can be j
found in the Bible ennywhere.
The infidel, in his impudence, will f
ask you to prove the flood did occur, s
when the poor idiot himself kantlj
even prove to save his life, whatij
makes one apple sweet and one sour,: j
or whi a hen's eg iz white and a|
duck's eg blue. ^
To keep young?keep well, keep J
the Nerves calm, the body ruddy j
and well fed, and with I)r. M. A.i
Simmons Liver Medicine regulate
the Stomach and Bowels. For sale
by Hughson-Ligon (Jo. i
An Austin colored waiter told a!1
Boston man at a hotel that in eastern j
Texas a white man had married a '
negro woman.
"Was he not derided?" asked the I
Bostonian in the classic speech of j
the "Hub of Culture."
"He was, sah," beamed the negro. |
"Dey rided him out oh town on aj
rail."?Household Words.
Knew His Business.
A few years ago the logs in a cer-1
tain river in a North western lumber!
' - 1 - -- ... " ... I irv?A a n'lctv !
district nun jmn^ru llltw U naoi, |
snarl, aiul no one hankered for the i
job of going out with a cantdog and !
starting- the key log. In tlie crew
was an Indian who was noted for his
coolness. The boss finally looked
over in his direction. "Laeoote," he
said, "you go out and break that
jam, and I'll sec that you get a nice
' pulf in the paper.'' The redskin J
looked at the lo^s and then at the |
boss. "l>ead Injun look nice on i
paper," he grunted, and walked
1 have (suffered untold misery within the
past ten years from indigestion und biliousness,
atteuded by a pain in my left side and
bowels. Five physicians treated niehuf gave
only temporary relief. Four months ago I
began using Ramon's Liver I'ills and Tonic
Pellets, and have been constantly improving
ever'since, with fair prospects of being permanently
cured.?\V. H. Peters. Notary Public.
Nathanton, Ky.
Most Important Gathering of Negroes In
Recent Years.
('11 ic.uio, Ail#. 13.?A convention
of the A fro-American Council of
Colored men will be held here at
Bethel church beginning Wednes- '
day and lasting until Saturday evening.
This convention will probably
be one of the most important gatherings
of colored men that has been
held for some time. It is expected
that n fight will result over the reso- ^
1 iitions which it is promised will be
introduced denouncing President (
MoKinley for not using the federal
authorities to prevent lynching in .
nir: r** ?it c 11
There is no doubt that resolutions
of this import will be brought before
the convention and to that end the ^
forces on both sides are already lining
up. 2
The faction which will support the j
resolutions, will, it is understood,
take the ground that the broad
humanitarian line would be drawn,
that Iynchings should not be tolerata
sd either in Georgia or Illinois and
that when the State authorities are
unable to prevent the recurrence of ^
such crimes the strong hand of the
national government should step in
no matter whether the victim be ^
white or black. From Washington,
1). C., are coming Congressman ^
George White, of North Carolina,
the only colored congressman in the
present, congress; Judsou I,yons, ^
register of tlie United States treasury;
John P. Green, United States ^
itamp agent; H. P. Cheatham, register
of deeds. They will, it is said,
stoutly oppose resolutions censuring
die president.
Among other questions to be taken
up is that of immigration. There is ^
i growing belief, it is said, among
die leading colored men of the conn- ^
:ry that if half a million negroes he
:aken from the south and scattered ^
dirough the northwest the condi8
dons in the south would be amelior(*
ited to a verv great extent. The rec
nsed State constitutions of Mississippi,
Alabama, North and South ^
Carolina and Louisiana, will also rereive
a careful consideration and ^
'unils will he raised to get the ques
ions involved squarely before the a
United States supreme court. The ^
jolored men claim that the constituents
mentioned permit the white j
jeople in those States to disfran- .
. , , h
Muse the colored voter. t
Another question which will come
ip for discussion is the separate car
aw in vogue throughout the south. ^
rite constitutionality of the law will .
>e tested if possible. The convention .
>n these questions expects to hear
rom such prominent colored men as
looker T. Washington, Bishop H. S
d. Turner of Atlanta, Bishop B. W. 11
\rnett of Ohio, and Bishop Alexanler
Walters, the president of the 0
The wives of many of the delegates
o the convention of the council who
ire delegates to the convention for
he -national association of colored
vonien's clubs are now in the city
ittendmg this week the two convens
" A
Under the Trees with Grandpa. ^
irandpa is stretched in the hammock,
With his legs hanging over in
irandpa is peacefully sleeping. [(
With a newspaper spread on his J
face, .1
irandpa is snoring serenely,
There is peace,' I suppose, in his
ffis hands are contentedly folded.
And a wasp has just lit on his
vest. e|
I'lte insect approaches his collar, si
- i i i 1 If
It dailies a Willie ncro auu HIT7IC, Vow
it finds its way under the paper,
And grandpa is up in the air. ?t
iis legs are entwined with the w
brunches, 0
The buttons are torn from his vest? ti
i'ou can tell by his words and his
actions ?. S
Tiiat grandpa's no longer at rest.
M is
Incredulous Jury.
In a criminal prosecution recently tl
ried in York, Neb., the jury, after a ri
ii ief deliberation, returned the folowing
remarkable verdict: "We, si
lie jury in the above named case, do d
iot believe one word that the wit- o
losses have sworn to; neither do we ??
relieve that any of the attorneys
lave spoken the truth, nor that
other ot them could do so, even if he *
?hould care to take the trouble to
:ry." The humor in remarks cast- j"1
ng doubt upon tbe veracity of the
egul profession has lost the fresh- P
less of early youth, and a good, stiff
penalty for contempt in cases of this
<ind would probably redound to the
lenefit of mankind in general. 11
a P
Drawing a Comparison.
51 \t
"Don't talk like a fool, Joshua," .
said Mrs. Harix; "to hear you tell it '
folks would be thinkin' I asked yon
to marry me, and goodness knows I
never ran after you fer a minute in
my life." *'
"Well, I hain't savin'you run ar- tor
me, Melinda," replied tlie old
man, "but that don't prove nuthin' .
r *1.^ nAV^l' '
DOllOW. I IfCMlll mr: nap .
runs after the mouse neither, but
somehow it 'pears to gather him in
jist the same."
? a
Pointed Paragraphs. t
Some folks are as changeable as a ^
t ;
When a wise man makes a mistake
it tpaches liim something.
A detective says: "The day of the .
transgressor is hard to find." ,
Many men court distinction, but ?,
the wedding day dawns for the few. .
A true love letter is written with
utter disregard of future possibilities, j.
When a man starts out to cover his j
tracks he makes a lot of new ones. ,
When \\ e see a man striking an at1
I...... r....l I i L-.. l.-iior
Iltllllf \U" ;nwilif ' 1 I rw r. ...... .. . ..?
111! 11 i i? \V 11.
No one has succeeded in securing
an instantaneous photograph of a *
lingering kiss. '
Some men resemble the bottom (
number of fractions; the bigger they '
are the less they really are.
The rate of vibration of the rattlesnake's
tail is said to be sixty per i
second. If you doubt it count for ]
yourself.?Chicago News. 1
Great Loss of Life in For to
\wful Condition of Affairs Exlsi-People
Need Help.
Ponce. Porto Rico, Aug. 12.?The
;errific wind which accompanied the
ecent storm destroyed the crops and
lemolished a number of houses and
jaused great loss of human life. A
arge number of cattle were killed.
The storm was most severe in the
ientral part of the island and along
he southern coast. Three hundred (
>odies have been buried in ttie city 1
>f Ponce, and it is estimated that
,000 persons were drowned in the
'once district. '
The number of people of the lower !
lasses loss is not known, but it is J
ertain that there were few fatalaties J
mong the people of the better class 1
,nd none among the Americans. 1
The work of clearing away the 1
lebris progresses slowly. s
Senor Luis Gautier has been apminted
Alcade, the former iucum- '
ient of the office having been de- *
msed on account of negligence.
Considerable unrest has been '
aauifested among the people and a '
avalry patrol has been established,
'he water supply has been restored.
During the progress of the storm \
he municipal hospital was wrecked 1
,nd its patients were removed to the J
nilitary hospital. I
Yabucoa, Adjuntas and Humacao
rere devastated and in some instan- i
es entire (villages swept out of exis- '
ence. One hundred persons are re- j
orted to have been killed on a coffee
plantation. Everybody is ruined,
pestilence threatens and tnoney and
rork are needed, and a newspaper
,ppeal has been made to the Auncrian
people for relief. The calamity,
nth the commercial depression, has
produced a terrible condition of
Both Americans and Puerto Ricans
emand the adoption immediately of
, definite, permanent policy on the
art of the government.
San Juan de Puerto Rico, Aug.
2.?According to an official report
iere, the port of Arecibo was desroyed
during the recent severe
torm, the place being inundated by
rater from the ocean and river; 200
?dies are in the morgue there and
undreds of persons are missng.
A number of wealthy citizens
rho lived on plantations in the
uburhs were drowned. The comnanding
officer of the district has
rdered that the bodies of the victims
f the disaster shall be buried where
hey are found. San Juan has been
pplied to for supplies.
According to the latest report from
'abucoa, 80 bodies were buried there
Vednesday, while the remains of 200
ictims have not been recovered.
nPiiifoh ia fho oiilv* lniildinir left
tanding. s
It is rumored that a number of t
Linerican soldiers were killed at .
Watermelon Prose Poem. a.
One item that appeared in the curent
news of the past week should t
ave aroused more than a passing a
npression upon the mind of even e
le careless reader. It was a state- \
lent to the effect that the cr<fp of r
reorgia melons this year, though
ot an unusually large one, was a z
rug upon the markets. e
No better proofs of racial degenration
could be adduced than this r
tatement that the watermelon is no j
mger the eager desire of the palate, j
The appetites implanted in man a
1 the Garden of Eden, where the t
atermelon undoubtedly had its v
rigln, have been sadly perverted if K
lis is so. t
The watermelon is the Ariel of the i
arden. It is the child of the sun, t
le heir of the fountain. Its flavor 0
> like the perfume of the rose,a rare f
nd exquisite property that clings
oluptuously upon the palate and yet
lat cannot clog in its unspeakable
That watermelons can 110 longer be l]
3ld with profit in city markets is a r
eplorable proof of what has come J
ver the race that with <3
Blinded eyeballs poring over miser- *
able books." a
nd with stomachs stuffed with mys- [
?rioas condiments lias come to discard
the choicest gift that nature 0
as prepared for her children's ap- s
etites. a
What are we to think of the per- c
ert who turns from the queen of all i
tie garden tribe? Undoubtedly his j
inrals are as questionable as his ap- ^
et te, and his judgment and intel- ,
set must be equally gone astray. t
We want none of them. Away i
,'ith the man who does not respond ,
o the right of a Georgia melon g
/herever it may be?whether in the ,*
mall "patch," where in the early j
lorning it lies glisteningr-among the
lowers and the dew, pure as Aphro- r
ite arising from the sea, or served }
ft the delicious dish composed of its ?
wn green and white rind, or even f
leaped by hundreds in the market f
muses, or alluringly cut and sliced (
nd displayed in blocks of ice ou the r
treet corners. i
Wherever it is, so long as it is ripe 1
,nd perfect, the watermelon is a ,
hintr of beauty. It should be a joy ,
? nH the Geortria nlanter who <
uppliea us with this glory of early \
umnier ought to be made rich.
He is a public benefactor and he
hould be encouraged to continue in
lis work even if it is necessary to
,'rant him a government subvention. 1
The man who adds as much as lie to <
he joys of life deserves a pension as <
nuch as the soldier who does his 1
lest to increase its horrors.?Colonel 1
Henri Watterson in the Louisville .
Jonrier-Journal. <
In Diarrhoea Dr. M. A. Simmons
Liver Medicine is invaluable. It
jives Tone to the Stomach, Aids j
Digestion and Assists Nature in
carrying off ail Impurities. For sale
)y Hughson-Ligon Co.
When a girl at a social gathering
is asked to name the prettiest girl
present, she always blushes modestly
and asks to be excused.
LAKb (.11 T ^ KU3lUrri(.t.
A Northern Woman to Get the Appoint*
A special to the State from Kingstree
The daily papers announce that
the authority s at Washington have
at last concluded to reopen the postolfice
at Lake City in this county.
It is not known who will be postmaster,
but as only two person applied,
and the papers stated that a ?
white woman would be appointed, it
issupposed that Mrs.C. W. McClam,
a widow of this place, will get the
Mrs. McClam is a northern lady,
having been horn and reared in
Angle county, Illinois. She is a
daughter of W. T. Wilson, county
treasurer, and a prominent man in
Angel county, III.
Mrs. McClam, in company with
her parents, took a tour through the
south in 1892, and it was during this
time that she first met Mr. C. W.
McClam, whom she afterwards
married. Mrs. McClam is a businesswoman,
having for several years
filled the position of railroad agent
tnd telegraph operator at Hartnon
Illinois. Since the death of her bushand
she has been telegraph opera:or
at this place and her appointment,
if made, will meet with the .
learty approval of the citizens of
Lake City-and South Carolina.
Bob Taylor on Ingersoll.
"I sat in a great theatre at the national
capital. It was thronged
with youth and beauty; old age and
wisdom. I saw a man, the image of
lis God, stand upon the stage and I
heard him speak.
"His gestures were perfection of
^race, his voice was music and bis
language was more beautiful than
my I had ever heard from mortal
"He painted picture after picture
if the pleasures and joys and sympathies
of home. He enthroned love
ind preached the gospel of humanity
like an angel. Then I saw him dip
liis brush in the ink of moral blackless
and blot out the beautiful pictures
he had painted. I saw him
,1aI\ /Inor) of I \ l o foof T O A TV
UikU 1U?D MDOVI ov mo iccv. x. oaw
film blot out the stars and the sun
ind leave humanity and the universe
in eternal darkness and eternal
"I saw him like the serpent of old,
worm himself into the paradise of
liuman hearts and by his seductive
eloquence and subtle devices, and
sophistry, inject his fatal venom,
under whose blight its powers faded,
its music was hushed, its sunshine
was darkened and its soul was left a
Jesert waste with only the new
made graves of faith and hope.
"I saw him, like a lawless, erratic
meteor, without an orbit, sweep
icross the intellectual sky, brilliant
inly in its self-consuming fire, generated
by friction with the indestruc:able
and eternal truths of God.
"That man was the archangel of
modern infidelity, and I said, how
rue is Holy Writ, which declared
kThe fool has said in his heart, there
s no God."
"Tell me not, oh, Infidel, there is
10 God, no heaven, no hell! Tell me
iot oh. Infidel, there is uo risen
"What intelligence less than God's
ould fashion the human body?
>Vhat motive power is it, if not God,
hat drives the throbbing engine of
he human heart, with ceaseless,
ireless stroke, sending the crimsou
treamsof life, houndingand circling
hrough every vein and artery.
"Whence and what, if not of God,
s this mystery we call mind? What
8 it that thinks and feels and knows
md acts?. Oh, who can deny the
livinity that stirs within as?
"God is everywhere and in everyhing.
His mystery is in every bud
md blossom and leaf and tree; in
very rock and hill and vale and
mountain; in every spring ana
ivulet and river.
"The rustle of His wing is in every
ephyr; its uiight is in every tempst.
He dwells in the dark pavilons
of every storm cloud. The lightling
is His messenger and the thunler
is His voice. His awful tread is
n every earthquake and on every
ingry ocean. The heavens above us
eem with His myriads of shining
witnesses. The universe of solar
ystems whose wheeling orbs course
he crystal paths of space proclaim
hrough the dread halls of eternity,
he glory and power and dominion
f the All-wise, Omnipotent and
Sternal God." *
The Mother-ln-Law.
From time immemorial the
nother-in-law has been an object of
eproach, says the American Queen,
t is frequent that one pauses to in[uire
where, why or how she first
arned her unenviable reputation as
i disagreeable and objectionable peron,
and we fear the inquiry would
>e futile and profitless.
How many of the mothers-in-law
if our immediate acquaintance deerve
the reputation with which they
ire universally accredited? Their
:hief fault (which varies, according
o all traditions ) is their persistent
nclination to steer and rule the private
and domestic affairs of their
narried sons and daughters. That
liis meddlesome spirit exists, and in
nany instances is carried too far,
inbody can deny?instances are constantly
exhibited, usually more glarng
in the early stages of young
narried life.
- * a t T.
Of course cue explanation 01 mis is
latural and excusable. The mother,
vho for years has been in close sympathy
with the son or daughter, and
las known and gratified each wish
md desire instantly, is suddenly
jailed upon to give up every claim.
Fhls is a superhuman task, and it is
lot remarkable that for the first few
months she finds it an impossible
>ne. It has been given to but few women
to keep eyes and ears and mouth
>hut when they want most to opeu
District Appointments.
The following are the appointments
for quarterly Couferences of the
charges on the Sumter District, S. C.
Conference, for Third Quarter of
1899: *
Heath Springs, Hanging Rock Aug 18
Kershaw, Shiloh Aug. 19, 20 Camden
Ct., Ehenezer Aug. 26, 27 f
Camden Station August 27
Wateree, Salem Sept. 3, 4
Richland, Browns Church. .Sept.4, 6
Sumter Ct Sept. 9, 10
Sumter Station * ? Sept. 10
Thos. J. Clyde,- p.
For Headache caused mueaSsHHH
by a Disordered Stomachy
panied by Constipation, use
A. Simmons Liver Medictfl^RHH^M
sale by Hughsou-Ligon Co.

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