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The Bamberg herald. (Bamberg, S.C.) 1891-1972, November 09, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063790/1899-11-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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nom ABT.TSRUTI 1 ftQI. D-a-mo -r
8 j
The President Referred to the Old
Dominion in War and i'eace-The
Great Historical Events at Yorktown
and Appomattox.
The launching of the torpedo boat
Shubrick, built in Richmond, Va., and
named in honor of Commodore Shubrick,
a Southern man, was a notable m
event in the history of Virginia, and ?r
the occasion was honored by the atten- ^
dance of President McKinley and mem- 8t:
bers of his cabinet. The launching of Jf
?"?Aopo and thp
the doat was a gre? t euvv^<e|
boat was duly christened by little Miss jfn
Carrie Shubrick, of Rocky Mount, N. I ?P
C., a great-grand niece of Commodore fl?j
Shubrick, with the u?ual formalities.
The President was introduced by the
mayor of Richmond, and responded as | "a
follows: I na
"Mr. Mayor, Ladies and Gentlemen: I ^
1 am glad to meet my fellow citizens I
of Richmond and join with them in I jl
this interesting celebration in honor | ev
of the launching of the torpedo boat I tu
Shubrick, built in this city of Ameri- a
can material, by the labor of American f arj(
workingmen for the use of the Ameri- .
can navy. I congratulate the bu rs ?
and workmen upon this evidence of I c;_
their skill and industry, so creditable 27^
to the manufacturing company and so Yo
highly commended by the officers of atj
the government. j
u This is not the first contribution I
which Richmond has made to our 180i
?1?onninnari the war- I
IU1DI1UXU uaTV? muv vM ?-_
ship Texas with all her machinery,
boilers and engines, which were tried Ma
and tested with entire satisfaction in Ri<
the brilliant naval engagement in the vir
harbor of Santiago, when that gallant. wj]
vessel so gloriously. assisted in the de- 8pc
strnction of Cervera's fleet, winning a to 1
memorable victory and hastening an ing
honorable and enduring peace. 1
heartily rejoice with the people of this ?
great city upon its industrial revival tur
- : and upon the notable prosperity it is gra
feeling in ail of its business enterprises. int,
Ton are taking advantage of the com- anc
mei cial opportunities of the hour. You im>
are advancing in manufactures, extend- enC]
ing your markets and receiving a de gac
served share of the world's trade. ^<3
M What can be more gratifying to us g0V
than the present condition of the coun- pri;
try ? A. universal love of coantry and ^e
a noble national spirit animate all the 8ioj
people. We are on the best of terms
with each other and on most cordial
relations with every power on earth. A '
We have ample revenues with which
to conduct the government. No deficit An
menaces our credit. Money is a bun- bi
dant in volume and unquestionable in G
value. Confidence in the present and ,
faith In the future are firm and strong. . j
The people are doing business on businoes
principles and should be let alone
?encouraged rather than hindered in J7*
their efforts to increase the trade of the , *
oountry and find new and profitable
markets for their-products. Manufactaring
was never so active and so uni- p
versally anjoyed throughout all the
SUtos. Work was never so aouuoau*. .
v The transportation companies were
never so taxed to handle the freight ce?
offered by the people for distribution. w?,
The home and foreign markets contri- 1
bate to our prosperity. Your locomo- PJ}
tlves go to Russia; the watch cases
from my little oity of Canton go to Rfr
Geneva; the bridges of Philadelphia
spaa the Nile, and the products of the
American farm and factory are carried P*
upon every' sea and are found in most of J ,
the ports of th*> world.
" In what respect would we change p
these happy conditions with the prom*
ise8 they give of the future I The
business activity in every part of the Py
country; the better rewards to labor,
the wider markets for the yield of the
soil and the shop; the increase of our Pe
shipbuilding not only for our govern- J~e<
meat but for purposes of commerce; the P9r<
enormous increase of our export trade ^
in manufactures and agriculture; the *rr
greater comforts of the home and the PJ
happiness of the people; the wonderful
^ uplifting of the business oonditions of P01
Virginia and the South, and of the br?
whole Country, mark this not only an 11
era of good will, but an era of good yea
timet. It is a great pleasure to me to yea
stand in this historic capital and to Pf*
look into the faces of my countrymen .
here assembled and to feel and know
that we are all Americans standing as ? f2
one for the government we lo*e and *r.le
mean to uphold, united for the honor ?
of the American name and for the ?
faithful fulfillment of every obligation
which dftional duty requires. I can- ? ?
not forget in this presence to make my ~ 1
acknowledgement to the men of Vir- ,
ginia for their hearty and patriotic J.le
nt th? tmvernment in the war Pr
Up|MM ? w ?- K
with Spain and for he continued and
unflinching loyalty in the suppression ?f?
of the insurrection in Luzon against
the authority of the United States. 80
They came in swift response to the ef\
call of country?the best blood of the ?.
State, the sons of noble sires, asking of
fat* service at the battle front where ?rs
the fighting was hardest and the dan- fac
ger the greatest. The rolls of the Vir- F10
gin la volunteers contain the names of "01
the bravest and best, some of them the *?r
descendants of the most illustrious n??
Virginians of its earliest and latest
times. They have shed their blood for ter
the flag of their faith and are now de
fending it with their lives in the dis- ln
tant islands of the sea. All honor to
the American army and nary. Ail
honor has been shown the men return- Pr
ing from the field of hostilities and all iet
honor attends those who have gone to
take their places. Co
* My fellow citizens, two great his- ^
torical events, separated by a period of u,
84 years, affecting the life of the republic
and of awful import to man- th
kind, took place on the soil of Virgin- J
ia. Both were participated in by Vir- ?
ginians and both marked mighty
epochs in the history of the nation.
The one was at Yorktown in 1781 when *?
Oornwailis surrendered to Washington,
which was the beginning of the end of __
the war with Great Britain and the
% dawning of Independence and union. ?
The great Virginian, sage and patriot,
k- illustrious commander and wise states- Jr
? n*Mt installed the republic in the fam- j:.
ily of nations. It has withstood every "
f - shock in war or peace from without or f
f within, experiencing its gravest crisis
*- w. The other, at Appo
i U U19 WIU
mattox was the conclusion of that crisis,
and the beginning of a unification now "
happily full and complete, resting in
the good will and fraternal affection of
g" one toward another of all the people. c
Washington's terms of peace with Cornwallis
secured the ultimate union of the "
(oolonies; those of Grant with Lee the f
perpetual union of the States. Both
events were mighty gains for the hu- J
man family and a proud record for a f
nation of freemen. Those were tri- ;
nmphs in which we all have a share ; z
both are common heritage. The one
made the nation possible, the other 0
made the nation imperishable. Now 0
no jarring note mars the harmony of 5
the Union. The seed of discord has no
?*- sower and no soil upon whiofc to live.
The purveyor of hate, if there be one
left, is without a follower. The voice 1
rhich would kindle the flame of pas-1
[on and prejudice is rarely heard and
o longer heeded in any part of our
eloved country.
' 'Lord of the universe
Shield us and guide us
Trusting Thee always;
Through shadow and sun!
Thou hast united us.
Who shall divide us ?
Keep us, oh keep us, I
The many in one.' <
"Associated with this great com- i
on wealth are many of the most sa- 1
ed ties in our national life. From 1
ire came forth many of our greatest c
atesmen and heroes who gave vigor f
orlnrv tn the republic.
>U Til TUV WIH ~ J ? ,
)r thirty-seven of the sixty-one years I
ana 1789 to 1850, sons of Virginia oc-11
pied the presidential office with rare I i
lelity and distiaction, a period cover-11
g more than one-fourth of our na- v
)nal existence. What nation can is
ve a greater heritage than such! "3
mes as Washington, Jefferson, Madi- n
a, Monroe and Marshall? Their Jy
eds inspire the old and the young. I w
Ley are written in our histories, [o
iey are a part of the education of I b
ery child of the land. They enrich I g
s school books ol the country. They I p
i cherished in every American home I c;
d will be so long as liberty lasts and | h
3 union endures. 1t<
4 My countrymen, the sacred priB-isi
ties proclaimed in Philadelphia inltl
'6, advanced to glorious triumph at 181
rktown, made effective in the form-1 ai
on of the Federal Union in 1787, bus- i c<
ned by the heroism of all our people IB
every foreign conflict, sealed.. in I b
emn convenant at Appomattox court ?
ise, sanctified by the blood of the (tl
n of the South and of the North at w
nila and Santiago, and in Puerto [fii
30, have lost none of their force and hi
tue; the people of the United States ot
1 meet their new duties and re-|fe
insibilities with unfailing devotion I ju
these principles and with unfalter- w
: purpose to uphold and advance hi
:m. I h<
' Standing near the close of the cen-1 th
y, we can look backward with con- [ tb
btulations and pride, and forward!
0 the new century witn oonuaeace tr
1 courage. The memories of the past ta
>el us to nobler effort and higher lit
leavors. It is for us to guard the
red trust transmitted by our fathers tb
I pass on to those who follow this be
eminent of the free, stronger in ite M
ociples and greater in its power for Oo
execution of its beneficient mis- wi
> " ? ar
?... ca
Incident at the Battle of Williams- ^
org and a Beautiful Tribute to Dr. jQ
rier. y0
The Associate Reformed Presby- tb
an has published many just and de
thy tributes to ite late editor, Dr. bi;
M. Crier, but the following will be of
d with great interest by all of his
nds, especially his comrades who ce
e the gray. It has been written by do
Joseph JEL Twichell, a prominent P*1
igregational minister of Hartford, ov
in., who is distinguished both as an "J
hor and as a preacher He has re- m
tly returned from Europe, and ell
tea as follows : an
he news of Dr. Grier's death struck **
with grief as well as surprise, for I wi
I him in very warm esteem, and tn
ardently hoped to meet him in
i life. In fact there were few things S*
II so much desired, or had antici- vo
id with so much pleasure. During m\
civil war, in my youth, I was chapi
of the 71st Regiment New York
be Volunteers, in the Army of the 1*1
omac. He wu among the wounaea ?
Jederate prisoners who fell under tb
care after the battle of Williams- or
g in May, 1862. Though he was ro
j a boy in age, he so impressed f?
with his intelligence and with
b manly fortitude with which he ca
b his sufferings, that I spoke of he
i at considerable length In a letter Jol
tten home to my father in Connecti- 8ic
1 was with him only two or bli
bo days then, and 1 saw him no rii
e; but 1 never forgot that bright cii
re boy. w<
i was, 1 should say, seven or eight fai
rs ago, (but, no, I find it is ten th
rs,) when I had been pastor here an
rly or quite twenty-three years, it
t a gentleman named Courtenay fil
n Charleston, once Mayor of that on
r, came to Hartford on a visit .to wl
inds in my parish. On meeting an
i one evening, 1 asked him if ke ta
>w of such a man in South Carolina in
iV. M. Griir, explaining the-reason ho
ny question. All 1 could tell him, wi
dentify the person, was that he was I j
son of a minister and that he lost ar
\g at Williamsburg. To my delight, as
. Courtenay at once replied "that he w<
sw all about him. Accordingly he TJ
ceeded to give me an account of m
i; of his high standing in point of th
olarship and of character; of his bi
inence as a preacher, Ac., Ac., and ai
lis honorable position as president w:
Brskire College; all of which it k(
ttified me extremely to hear. ' In
t, I almost wondered that it was so *r
ch to me to hear it. But it showed ot
n deeply that wounded lad had inested
me and was lodged in my me- g
ry. After that he was often in my iB
>ughts. I got out my old army lett,
which my father had preserved, m
1 read again what I had said of him ^
1862; and feeling strongly moved dl
5 re to, one day I transcribed it and, ^
th'a note of explanation, sent it to V(
. Grier. 1 have now before me the 8]
ter he immediately wrote me in d
ply, beginning, "Yes, I am that ^
nfederate bey who lost a leg at
llliamsburg, and who received such
irked attention and kindness at your ^
nds, and at the hands of other Fed- _
si soldiers." But he had to own r
at he could not separate me in his Q
collection from my comrades, which, c
course, was not surprisi g, for g
liknd him and manifested +
od-will to Mm; sod besides he was _
en very weak and full of pain. *
From the time we thus after so long g
t interval resumed relations, so to f
eak, there has been an occasional in* j.
rchange of letters between us; but, t
i I hare said, we have not met. He 1
>ped I would come South, and I hoped t
3 would come North sometime, to ^
ve us the chance to loo* one another 1
i the face again. But it was not to e
3. The last time I wrote to him was ]
> tell him that my son was adjutant of ,
le Third Connecticut Volunteer regi- .
lent, enlisted in the United States j
srvice for the war with Spain, sad j
'as in camp at Summervilie, South ,
arolina, and to ask him, should he ,
ass that way, to give the young man a '
nlL He straightway answered that
3 case he had the opportunity he cersinly
would do so. In January I ran
own to pay my son a visit there, and
hought of going to see Dr. Grier; but
nan to limit my absence to the days
etween two Sabbaths, and there was
Had I known?but, ah, we
tever know. God grant that I may
neet and greet him in the better counTJ
1 m ?
?Thunder can be heard at a distance
of fourteen miles.
Bid it in the Hearth of an Old Blacksmith
Shop?Advice to the Cottontot*
A friend writes me from Florida
(hat bacon will not keep well in that
jlimate, and that the old settlers say
t always gets rancid. He wants to
enow if there is any remedy for this,
ifes, I think so, unless hogs fattened
>n pinders are different from those
attened on corn.
Thia reminds me of a war story.
In 1864 my wife and half a dozen lit- J
le children found refuge from the foul
nvader at her father's plantation on
he upper Chattahoochee river. There
ras no white man there or near there
ave her old father, Judge Hutchins.
?here were about a hundred negroes,
lore than half of them too old or too
oung to work. Food for our soldiers ,
ras getting scarcer every day and ;
rders came that every farmer should
e tithed?that is to say, he should
ive up to the government agents a
ortion of his corn and meat and beef .
attle. A mounted detail from the |
ome guard was sent out with wagons (
) enforce the order and gather in the j
ipplies. There was nobody to resist t
lem, for everybody was in the army j
ive old men and invalids and women j
ad children. Late one evening a g
impany of thirty men came to Judge }
LUtchins's house and rudely informed t
im that they came for bacon and beef c
ittle. The judge very calmly told c
lem he had none to spare. For a 8
hile they parleyed with him, but a
lally demanded the key to his smoke- g
luse. My wife and children and two 8
,her little grandchildren listened in (
ar and anxiety. They knew that the $
dge was a fearless man, but there 8
ere so many well armed men against ^
;m, the odds were fearful, and when t
5 refused to give up the key, they said ^
tey would .arrest him and break down t
ie door ^
Then he pleaded with them in a s
embling voice and said to the cap- I
in : "Here is my daughter and her
AOU liUCU Oil noo\?uiu? vu vuv wmmvm* w,
ochee. Tne burial of Sir John Mcx)re ^
u not more silent. In January, 1865, y
joined my family at the plantation ?
id not long after the judge famished ^
i a good male team and wagon and tl
a returned to oar home in Rome. 0
tie day before we left Ills hospitable
ansion be opened the cache and found 0
to meat all sweet and sound and we 8
ought a good portion of it with us ^
id it was as precioas as gold. My t
Ife says the charcoal purified it and h
jpt it from tasting old or rancil. t
Now then I have answered my h
iencUs question. He must get up an- t
.her civil war and hide his meat in ?
le hearth of an old blacksmith shop. (
arth and charcoal are both good dis- c
tfectants and preservers of flesh, and e
I was in Florida I would pack my g
eat in charcoal, not dust, but small %
rushed coal. Before putting the meat &
[>wn I would powder it from a pepper t
dx with borax. Borax is almost uni3really
used now. It is sure death to &
rippers and other vermin, and a i
rnggist told me that the sale of it had i
lcreased a thousand per cent within i
ae last five years. t
When my family got home we found l
flat it was not good to live by meat ]
lone and we had to send down the t
iver a hundred miles for a few bushels 1
f corn and hid it near a mill in the ]
oantry, because the outlaws and de- j
erters were patrolling the land and 1
aking everything they could find. A. |
ood friend brought us half a bushel of <
aeal at a time on the sly, and so we i
>ot along.. The memory of old Rowand
Bryant is still precious to us for
Lis kindness in those days of tribula- i
ion. It is encouraging to know that
Armour & Co., have not abolished all i
he smokehouses in the land, nor
Irawn our home made meat into their
nighty trust. Our farmers are generally
raising their own meat and
)ring a good deal to town to sell, and
? ' M *V ?4. Iq.H In nilPAr
By WHO OAJfV wuav wuumj i0ku m
ind belter than any that comes from
the packing houses of the west. Our
dome market is well supplied by our
Farmers with almost everything that
is good to eat. Beef, pork, butter,
chickens, eggs, potatoes, turnips, cabbages,
beans and apples are in great
abundance. Of course we can't have
mutton, for the negroes must have
dogs and the candidates must have
negro votes. I lost eight fine Merinos
in one night and my neighbor, Mr.
Dobbins, lost three hundred in five
years, and quit the business. But with
all our drawbacks, our people are on
the upgrade. Seven cents cotton has
helped greatly, and if our farmer will
eut down the acreage still more, it will
bring 8 cents next year and leave more
1 land for wheat and corn. The South
;tle helpless children and here are o
fo others whose mother is dead and *
eir father is in the army. I have n
it four sons and they are in the army, a
y two sons-in-law are there. Here p
l this place' are fifty or sixty negroes u
bo are too young or too old to work, n
id it is a struggle for us all to live, a
am alone and getting old. I have a
ine my share for the Confederacy and *
nnot do more. Now I know that h
?u can overpower me or kill me and tl
ke away the little meat I have saved lj
r these helpless ones, but let me tell w
>u, captain, the first man who goes to r<
at door to break it down will be a si
ad man before he can do it" His h
ftck eyes flashed as if lit up by sparks o
fire and his voice no longer trembled, h
a was desperate. . Lightly he as- 01
nded the stairs, where he had two w
uble-barreled guns well loaded, and L
anting himself by the window that a
erlooked the smokehouse, he said, d
Now break that door if you dare to," si
id the percussion lock went click, u
ick. The captain looked at the door n
d then at the judge. There was an oi
rful silence for a few moments. My o!
fe and children had heard it all and w
ambled. Some of the negroes had t<
thered at the cabin doors, and old n
m dared to exclaim in a low, husky gi
ice, "Better not?better not?old p
use kill you?kill you shore."
The captain suddenly reconsidered, rr
Dome, boys," said he " it's getting fc
fee, and there ain't no n>e in fighting g
out a little meat. We can report ai
e case to headquarters and if we are
dered back we can try it again, I
ckon." Without saying goodbye or
rewell they left.
That night about midnight the judge T
lied up old Jack and Virgil, whom
> knew he could trust, and had the
ints of the meat and a part of the
le8 carried quietly down to the old g
tcksmith shop on the bank of the ^
rer. With pick and shovel the
adore and earth in the old hearth a
jre soon excavated and a chamber y,
shioned that would hold acd hide a
ousand pounds. It was buried there s
d the hearth was covered just like ~
had been. Some scattering charcoal Jfi
Led in the spaces and some was left t]
i top and the black old basket placed y
lore it long had been. With shovel ^
d wheelbarrow the surplus earth was
ken down the river bank and tumbed D
3 of ah f hu rihattft.
em farmers ought to form a might,
trust and regulate acreage and price
Our own county could regulate itse1
by organizing and combining with th'
local banks. Our average crop is 10,00i
bales, and at 8 cents a pound woulc
bring $400,000. About one-half of thi:
could be carried and held by the more
wealthy producers. The other 5,0C(
bales could get an advance of 6 cents t
pound, or $30 a bale, from the bank:
on warehouse certificates. This wouic
take only $150,000. Even $25 a bale
would pay ths cost of production and
leave the margin for the producer,
and this would rtauire from the banks
only $125,000. If every county was tc
do this a 10,000,000 bale crop would
jump to 8 cents within sixty days.
That's the way to meet trust with trust
and defy the speculators. Why can't
it be done ?
Bill Arp.
The Telephone is a Faint Resemblance
of the Voice that Moses Heard
on Sinai.
The wonder of the world is the telephone.
Everything' else can he accounted
for and explained, but when
explanation is made in full of how the
telephone works, the mystery still re
nains, for, lo, the voice of a friend
lundreds of miles away comes soundog
beside one, as though face to face,
tnd the fact is made clear that there
s a divinity in that voice that disance,
and roaring storms and all the
;lamor8 of a mighty world cannot break
me tone of. It is as when the Infinite
poke to Moses on Sinai, as when, after
11 the clamors had passed, the still
mall voice smote upon the ears of the
eer and he knew that God was nigh.
)ne asks a question, his own voice
rho mnm in whinh hft
its, but a moment later out of* the
arkness a voice replies, and he knows
hat his question has penetrated all
he space for hundreds of miles, and
hat the answer has come and brought
rith it all the tones that love or friendhip
would demand for identification..
t is easier than formerly to believe
hat the prayer preferred is recorded
n the receiver of eternity and in some
ray is proof of man's dominion over
ot only the earth, but all its elements,
nd that he has been from the first
ossessed a of divinity which is sufficient
3 command and make a servant of
lere matter, that his place is, after
11, only a little lower than the angels,
nd that when the environment of this
rorld shall be cast off he will find that
astead of death being a close it is but
ie opening gate to a higher and freer
ie. We hear a bell, and a voice that
e have not heard for months or years
58ponds, and so we know that voice is
till, with all the old tones, to be
eard. Who shall say that when anther
summons comes we shall not
ear voices that we thought had gone
at forever in whispers, hear them
ith all the old rythm sweetness?
listening, there is brought to us the
lusic of an orchestra playing- hunreds
of miles away. What music
iall we hear when the final key is
>uched ? The storm, the interposing
iountainp, the boom of cataracts
r the roar of rushing trains?none
f them interpose any barrier;
hat will be that music that will come
) us when all the barriers are reloved
and upon our sublimated ears
trikes the far-off mighty, but incomwabiy
sweet refrain i
What is going on ought to exalt
ten, it ought to make them humble,
>r why- should such specks as they be
Lven the blessings and the glory that
re bestowed upon them ?
he Governor Galls Upon the People
to Give Thanks for Abnndant Blessings.
- - - ~ 1 l J VI.
Governor Mcsweeney au issueu uio
rat Thanksgiving Day proclamation.
; is brief and reads as follows:
The people of this State have been
bundantly blessed daring the past
ear. Gratitude is one of the Chrisan
virtues. We should give thanks
t all times. Men too often forget the
oodness of God. There should not
nly be gratitude in our hearts, but
aere a>*e times when we should give
isible evidence and audible expression
) that gratitude.
We have been remarkably free from
estilence and scourge. We have been
ermitted to plant and to garner.- The
sins have come and the earth has
ielded her fruits, and we have been
Uowed to enjoy the labor of our hands.
Ve have made progress in manufaciring
the products of our fields and
ur forests.
It has long been customary to take
ne day out of the three hundred and
Lxty-five when we shall cease from the
oils of our lahot and render thanks to
he Giver of ail good for the many
ilessings we receive. To the end,
herefore, that we may with thankful
tearte show our appreciation of the
ender care of our Heavenly Father, I,
1. B. McSweeney, Governor of South
Carolina, in conformity to the prolamation
of the President of the Unitid
States, do hereby appoint and set
>part Thursday, the 30th day of November,
1899, as a day of thanksgiving
md prayer, to be kept and obsei ved
>y all the people of this State.
Let all public offices be closed and
dl private .business and labor of every
clna cease and let the people assemble
n their accustomed places of worship
rnd render thanks with grateful hearts
o their Creator and Preserver for the
ilessings of life and liberty and happiiess
which they daily receive. Let
die people on this day also remember
die fatherless and not forget that the
poor and the needy ye have always
ind that we are told by Him who made
die great sacrifice for us that it is more
blessed to give than to receive, and by
[>ur own deeds of charity prove the
sincerity of our gratitude.
In testimony whereof I have here
unto set my band and caueea tne great
aeal of the State of South Carolina to
be affixed. Done at the Capitol, in the
city of Columbia, this 31st day of October,
A. D. 1899.
M. B. McSweeney.
By the Governor: M. R. Cooper, Secretary
of State.
?" The new preacher converted
ever* man in town, except Green Bill,'1
said the old inhabitant. " He didn'l
want to leave with one soul out o' the
fold, but Bill held out to the lasi
minute. Findin' there wuz no othei
way, an* wantin' to make a clean re
cord, the preacher got Bill up ag'ln
the side of a house an' took a fenct
rail an' knocked the devil out of him !'
?The British troops that are belnj
dispatched to the Transvaal have t
travel almost as far as the Amerirv
troops that are sent to the Philippic e
It is about six thousand miles frot
Southampton to Cape Town, and th
! scene of operations is from three hue
! dred to one thousand miles inland frot
that point.
y TKIUUTiS TO UIK5. ?M.v.J&Jtvx<i o.
1 Beautiful Eulogy by One Who Knew
3 Both Mrs. Pickens.and Illustrious
i I Husband?Two Great Friends of
) the Confederacy.
J The following is a brief outline of
I the excellent address delivered by
Rev. Dr. L. R. Gwaltney, at the me'
morial services at the grave ot the late
Mrs. F. W. Pickens, the services being
' conducted by the Ladies' Memorial
( Association of Edgefield. Dr. Gwaltney
is the beloved pastor of the Baptist
church in that town, and a man of
brains and eloquence. The speaker
said in part:
I appreciate the honor of being thus
aaBircittKSU w ibu me xucmui iai uwiuvj
of Edgefield in the touching and beautiful
ceremony of this quiet hour.
Dead must be the soul that is not
warmed to generous enthusiasm; cold
and hard as adamant must be the heart
unmoved by tender emotions on an occasion
like this.
Forty years ago, at this season of
the "sere and yellow leaf," I entered
this village cemetery to take my part
in burying an honored citizen. Since
then there have been many changes.
The order of nature has continued in
its unchanged course. The sun has
come forth daily, "rejoicing as a strong
man to run a race," and more than 500
moons have waxed and waned in their
appointed orbits. The planets and
stars have kept their courses and
stations in unimaginable space, the
binding sky has keld in constant embrace
the sweetly coy, yet faithful
horizon, "seed time and harvest have
remained," the increase of fields, and
herds, and flocks has been yearly
gathered for the toiler's use, spring
and autumn flowers, bright gifts of
heaven's lavish bounty, have come in
their season to gladden our senses with
perfume and beauty. All these have
continued "as they were." " Not so,
cot so " with the children of men.
They must "come and go," their
[ earthly places knowing them no more
forever. Alas! that he who was made
lord of all things that live on earth,
that he mast be stricken from the seat
oi dominion and stately Honor.
How many hundreds, during the
last forty years, have come to their
graves in this cemetery I know not,
but I do know that many noble eons
and daughters of a noble ancestry sleep
around us today, and you, their children,
do well to cherish with becoming
pride the memory of their faithful
lives. It is becoming in you to rejoice
that such lives constitute a heritage
which no decrees or schemes of men can
take away.
Nor should we repine when we think
of the happy past in which our lives
blended in part with the lives of those
we honored and loved. I know it has
been written, " sorrow's crown of sorrow
is remembering happier things."
I do not quite believe it. Some memories
of happier things are linked with
unutterably sweet and precious emotions.
True, "the tender grace" of
the years that are dead will come to
us no more, but we drank their brimming
cup of joy as they passed, and now
we remember them with an ever increasing
wealth of tenderness and
chastened bliss, as much a soul-feast
as were the brighter things of those
happy days.
I need not call the names of the
noble dead whose dust you might find
beneath this almost sacred soil. "The
world holds record" of their names and
deeds, their dauntless courage, their
lofty patriotism, their fidelity to every
generous impulse and conviction of
I will venture to say that not another
single acre of this broad continent
cherishes in its embrace the dust of so
many heroic men and gracious women.
They had their faults, all men
have, but high sentiments of truth,
and right, and generosity, and loyal
devotion characterized their speech,
and adorned their private and public
This day and this occasion will
justify me in making mention of two
who sleep so well their last sleep beneath
our teardlmmed eyes, Francis
Wilkerson Pickens, and his worthy
consort, Lucy flolcombe Pickens.
They were cast in no ordinary mould.
Not often have superior dignity and
manliness, beauty and grace been com1
? n /tAmrvant/tfiakin As
UiUCU. in oai vuij wuipauivu^ui^i am
minister from the United States, this
honored son of South Carolina carried
his Texas bride to the brilliant court
of St. Petersburg. Amid its splendor
and its brilliant galaxy of eminent
men and beautiful women, no scant
courtesy and honor was shown to these
representatives of republican simplicity
and strength. They might have
remained there, beloved and honored
by the noblest of continental circles,
spending a life of ease and ideal
earthly happiness, but when perils
threatened their beloved State and
scarcely less beloved Southland, these
patriots turned from the riches and
pleasures of court life and hastened to
cast their lot with " their own," preferring
to suffer afflictions with them
rather than enjoy the safety and
charming luxury of European life.
True, such sacrifice others have made,
but such sacrifice thousands have been
unwilling to make. Noble souls stand
linked in sympathy and high endeavor,
whether they be of peasant or princely
As "war governor" of his native
State, Hon. F. W. Pickens stood among
the foremost in unmoved steadfastness,
in passionate ardor, in uncomplaining
fortitude, in glowing patriotism.
His devoted wife was not one
wbit his inferior in steadfastness, in
ardor, in fortitude, in patriotism.
When the civil war ended, many citizens
of the South moved from their
country, their States, their old neigh-1
borhoods and former associations.
Governor Pickens elected to abide the
fortunes of his neighbors, and work
with them for the reconstruction of j
government and social life. How well j
he served in this regard is known to I
those who still survive those troublous j
After his death, Mrs. Pickens became
deeply interested in the effort to
erect a monument on our public sfuare
to the memory of our Confederate
dead. A memorial society was formed
i under the inspiration of her fervid
. patriotism, and she was elected its
J first president. The fast revolving
, years closed the life of her only child,
1 the beloved Douse ha. Then, widowed
_ and childless, she gave her love and eni
ergy to the one aim of completing the
5 monument, and thus blending her own
, name imperishably with the names
of the men she honored as patriot
I Why this noble enterprise has so
o long lingered in its accomplishment,
d I know not. Her deepest and strongest
>. desire was to complete It before her
u death. It stirs the generous heart
e with deep regret and sadness that this
t- desire was not fulfilled. She has fallen
n ere her self-appointed work was
finished, but this work has been com
mibieu to wurbuy uuu muuiui uguuo.
I commend to your cordial support the
president and members of the Memorial
Citi2ens of Edgefield, join heart and
hands with them, and flnnish the marble
shaft that shall tell your posterity
how the patriotic women of Edgefield
loved and honored the "men who wore
the grey." These women, noble in
themselves, and ennobled by the task
they will accomplish, and we, their coworkers,
will soon finish all the to Is
and sacrifices of life. We linger and
work yet a little while beneath our
bright Southern sky, and we also shall
find our resting place in this little
" city of the dead."
"Through sorrow's night, and danger's
Amid the deepening gloom,
We, soldiers of a heavenly king,
Are marching to the tomb. x
Our labors done, securely laid
In this our last retreat,
Unheeded o'er oar silent dust
The storms of life shall burst
Tet not thns lifeless in the grave
The vital sDark shall lie:
For o'er life's wreck that spark shall rise
To seek its kindred sky.
These ashes, too?this little dust?
Oar Father's care shall keep,
Until the final trump shall break
The long and dreary sleep.
Then love's soft dew, o'er every eye
Shall shed its mildest rays.
And our long-silent dust snail rise,
With shouts of endless praise." 1
One of the Original Corps of Surveyors
Tells A boat the Building and
Equipment of the Old South Oaro- j
Una Railroad. I
The August* Herald gives the fol- 1
lowing story as related by a pio- 1
neer railroad builder, which the (
young folks will read with great in- J
terest: 1
Dr. W. W. Smith, of Williston, S. (
C., holds the distinction of being one
of the corps of surveyors who built the <
first railroad in the United States?the t
old South Carolina railway. He was 4
born in Barnwell County, South Caro- 8
lina, in 1813, and is, therefore, 85 years c
of age. He is both a minister and a *
physician. - (
According to Dr. Smith the first rail* ?
road in the United States was the (
? 12 v
oOUtQ Carolina nmruaui wtcrwaru called
the Charleston and Augusta c
Railroad, running from Charleston to a
Augusta, a distance of one hundred and g
forty miles. d
Dr. Smith was one of the corps of r
surveyors of the road, beginning at x
Charleston in the year 1826. He says t
that they were seven years building 1
the road, and that he helped in the b
work throughout that timev .The road I
was completed in 1833. k
Below are given some of the facts as 1
furnished by Dr. Smith : . c
The first motive power used on this v
road was wind, utilized in sails made r
of cloth on the cars. a
Dr. Smith is the inventor of the lever x
switch. Before his invention they r
moved the rails by means of wedgee. p
In building the road a heavy grade i
was encountered at Aiken, S. C., where x
there was a stationary engine that a
pulled the cars up the grade by ropes 1
and windlass. There was a double t
track at that place and a car loaded 1:
with rocks furnished the weights to I
help pull up the cars. i
' The locomotives had two smoke- f
stacks, one at each end. In going to p
Charleston one of the stacks was used o
and in coming back the other. d
There were no spark arresters, and p
everybody along the route bad to x
watch their property to prevent Its e
being burned up. b
One hundred miles a day was good t
travelling in those days. d
When night came on all hands struck c
camp and waited for daylight to come I
in order to proceed. t
The track was oomposed of ties and t
32-foot stringers, on which a band of t
iron about like a common tire was p
laid and nailed down to the wood. t
A track walker went ahead of the o
engine every day to knock down the v
" snake-heads," or nail heads to pre- c
vent accidents. The dread of the en- s
gineer was the," snake-heads " or nails c
protruding above the iron rail, for they
were prolific source* or accident*. Tne t
conductors collected the . fares from p
the outside, walking on boards about c
like the open street cars are now ar- t
ranged. I
Edward Boath and Nathan Colder- I
banks were engineers on this prlmltire i
road. They died a few years ago. I
There were no conveniences on the I
cars as in this day and time. The cars p
stopped at stated intervals for the con? I
vemience of the passengers. i
The mail facilities were meagre and i
very primitive. A split stick served t
for a mail bag,. as letters were put in p
sticks and handed up-ta the conductor, g
and weie thrown out thetSma^ay. t
Dr. Smith introduced the p?n->qf 1
having the outer rail on a curve made ^
higher than the other rail. i
The coupling links were made of j
wood, so that when a car ran off it c
would break and save the others from c
running off. ]
TrUtam Tupper was one of the pre- 1
sldenta of this road and introduced i
some novelties during his administra- 1
tion. (
He had the cars remodelled and 1
shaped like a barrel. This was done i
so that in case they ran off they would
roll down the hill and not hurt so many \
passengers. It was thought they could l
be rotfd back with the same degree ]
of ease ]
There was afterward an effort made i
to shape the cars in order to " split <
the wind," thus increasing the speed, j
One of the great mogui engines of i
the present day would have crushed i
the track beneath the eartk. i
A Call to Pbohibitionists M r.
I A. C. Jones, of Newberry, chairman of
| the State Prohibition executive comI
mittee, has issued the following call
1 for a conference this week:
To the Prohibitionists of South Carolina
: It has been suggested to me
by a number of Prohibitioniste that a
conference be held in Columbia during
Fair week and I have decided to request
the memben of the State ProW
< KUtnn AYA/MltfVA ftfflanittAA. thft PfO*
? UlUiVlUU VAWV?*?. - w
hibition county chairman of each county,
the president or head of the temperance
organizations, and as many of
the ministers of the State who may be
in Columbia, to meei with us on Thursday,
November the 9th, at 12 o'clock
noon. I expect to be at Wright's Hotel
and will arrange for and notify our
friends where the meeting will be held.
A. c. Jones.
Chairman State Prohibition Executive
?A cat in a Strand trivern in London
has become intemperate through
| drinking wine spilled by waiters,
i ?There is a cafe in Venice which
i has never been oloeed night or day for
. 150 years.
Mrs. Eddy Declared to Be an Importer
and a Moot Prosperous Humbug.
, Worcester, Mass., Beacon.
When some weeks since, we commenced
our investigation of the life,
reputation and character of the .socalled
discoverer and founder of Christian
Science, we had no idea we should
wind up in bog and quagmire. We
had assumed Mrs. Eddy to be a person
of some culture, of pure and spiritual
life aspirations, sincere in her belief,
and nothing worse than a fanatic. We
not proceeded far before we became
doubtful of the accuracy of our preconceived
opinion. To be sure, we
had no facts upon which to base an intelligent
opinion, and were disposed to
be, so far as her claims did not exceed
the limits of credibility. We believed
in tnh* ji woman of pood
character and rather exceptional (
hypnotic power.
We cloee oar investigation, which
has been very thorough and entirely .
judicial in character, not with doubt of 1
the accuracy of our earlier views, but 1
with confidence that we entirely mis* 1
judged the woman known as Mary
Baker 6. Eddy, and that she, while '
definitely claiming to be the equal in 1
nature and in power of Jesus Christ, is 1
in almost everything his precise op- 1
posite, is insincere, dishonest, full of
deceit and falsehood, unclean of heart, <
impure of life, venomous to the last de- 1
gree, despotic and arbitrary almost be- <
yond belief,?an exceptionally clever 1
charlatan, who has built an immense
fortune upon the credulity of hosts of j
Innocent dupes. (
We had no other purpose in looking t
Into the character and antecedents of i
Mrs. Eddy than *the discovery of the c
truth, and it would have afforded us
genuine pleasure to have been able to j
say, as the result of our inquiries, that y
ihe is the saintly, Immaculate, even c
llvine person her followers believe,
[t is with regret, but with entire con* 0
idence, that we affirm her to be none
)f these things. .
We allege nothing that is net sua- J
septible of iegal proof when we say ?
hat years ago Mrs. Eddy was a spiri...
. i . ,?.. ? .? .u. a
various points and weave cloth. THe
old loom is still in existence. It was
i made of white oak and all the parts
j are decayed except the beam, which is
eight inches in diameter and eight
feet long.
?Mr. W. E. Curtis writes from Bolivia
that there are no cats in that
country. The back fences and wood
sheds most have a lonely time over
uailflt, MKIO^ S pruiuiaoub paiir iu uud v
ipread of spiritualistic views (she
lenies this now, but her denial is an 8
intruth); that she received the ideas,
ipon which her so-called Christian ?
Science Is baBed, from a man named ?
Vjimby, to whom she has very defi- ?
litelyandonequivocably time and again
tredlted them over her own signature, 6
.nd whom she extolled as onq of the a
greatest men the world had ever proluced
(she now repudiates her former
epeated statements and maligns the
nan whom she formerly praised); ?
hat her claim to revelation of abeo- *
ute truth from God which she em- ?
odied in her book "Science and *
lealth,' is wholly fraudulent, and *1
mown to her to be so; that the book
r a perfect mosaic of the thoughts of a
there, haying been written largely g
rith scissors and been thoroughly h
evised, punctuated, rendered gram- a
natical and consistent with itself as si
nuch so, at lfcast, as her stubborn igno- h
fence would permit by literary skill, cL
lurchased and paid for,?pages of it
* *"* - - 1? ----- nnhllihwi
rriiten uy uuicr immo ??> fc|
altered.; that for years she has been p
ddicted to the use of morphine, tak- g
ng it regularly in substantial doses; p
hat falsely, pretending to be in good m
Loalth and possessed of the use of p
acuities in perfect condition, she is, ?
fact, in the most feeble health, with
acuities greatly impaired; that her a
i re tended religion is merely the basis ,
f a religio-commercial enterprise con* H
iucted upon strictly business princi- J*
ties, and has made her a very rich wo- *
nan; that pretending to lore her r
nemiea, she hates with unspeakable "
tatred those, who, haying yielded to ?
ier influence, dare to throw it off and
isregard her wishes; that /holding
ompietely subservient to her will a *
arge number of men and women n
hrough the use of the fortune thus *
raudulently accumulated, through ?J
heir belief in her supposed power to u
tunish her enemies by means of men- *
al influences exerted in-collusion with T
thers, she terrifles into silence those P
rho could of their own knowledge dis- 6
lose her absolute depravity of charcter
and the fraudulent nature of her G
laims. p
To such an extent does this fear go ii
m*n? VmHatii Mrs. Eddy to hare w
innlshed her enemies by causing their n
leath, or the death of some member of tJ
heir family. One of her former be- r:
Levers, at one time moot intimately in 1
ier confidence, has recently told as, tl
rith bated breath, of four death she
teliersd to hare been caused by Mrs. &
Sddy's mental power exerted upon *
people she believed to be hostile to u
ier, or apon some one dear to ihem, $
rhose death woold inflict pain. We 8<
ore astounded, simply astounded at c
he absolute terror with which some a
eople regard this supposed power s
if Mrs. Eddy. She claims to be able b
o raise from the dead, and her fol- *
owers believe she has restored to life;
m4J| she possesses the power to make h
dive,"Tt "logically follows, as these peo- "
>le believe, shejft&Beaaea iixe power^o
leatroy life. We hare never in the ?
jourse of our experience encountered J
latefulness so intense as* that of this
alee feminine messiah, who, proclaim- ?
ng love of her enemies and having f
leunded a religion upon the principle d
>f love, "treats" her enemies in the h
.'rantic and hideous hope of her making n
ihem feel the pangs of hell.
The whole thing is explainable to
is only as a business enterprise. The *
'raud pays; it pays most substantially. 0
~ <1 U-A K. Jw a
f eopie are moii ohi.; g unou -r
pealing to high sentiments, by the r
rague nee of meaningless terms. If F
ire hare varied in opinion regarding *
Mrs. Eddy since the commencement of *
our investigation?feeling at one time 8
that she most, be insane and irreepon- '
iible, and at another that she is only 1
Insane as abnormal depravity coupled 8
with unusual shrewdness is insanity,
we have finally arrived at the fixed
oonviction that not insanity, but wick- a
edness alone explains her. * Greed, t
true love of money, the love of power, 1
vanity and utter link of scruple in the t
accomplishment of her ends, these t
things explain, and fully explain, the 1
life, the character and the accomplish- t
meats of Mary Baker G. Eddy, the 1
most successful impostor, ths most 1
prosperous humbug that ever lived. j
?Miss Nancy Hanks was the mother
of President Lincoln. A story goes
the round, that she had a loom which
she carried around with her on trips
she would make from her home in
Larue County to Stophenport, HI.
rinpinw her journey she would stoj^at
Quaint and Curious Pwtgnphi
Gathered from Various Sources.
?Negotiations will soon be opened
at Madrid for a new treaty between
the United States and Spain.
?It is useless to acquire knowledge
unless you have a little common sense
with which to season it.
?General Wheeler thinks a brigade
of cavalry could be advantageously
used in the Philippine war.
?The death roll of the army for
thirteen months, it is officially reported
from Washington, numbers nearly
7,000 men. **.
?The Supreme Court has decided
that an Indian chiefs eldest son is entitled
to all the property and title of
his father. > \ g
?President McKJnley has been invited
to visit Nashville on the return
or the First Tennessee regiment xrom
the Philippines.
?It la now possible to telegraph from
San Francisco to the Klondike, a Canadian
government line having been
strong from Bennett to Dawson City. >. $
?There have been more than 6,100
suicides in this country during the g?
past twelve months, which breaks
;he record for this or any other oounary.
?Germany is the third greatest iron
jouniry in the world, and yet a twentieth
of its entire output of iron ore - ^
somes from the Krupp mines and is nanufactured
in the Krupp works. ... '<$&
?Miss Grace McKinley, who was
fradnsted last dune, at Mt. Holyoke
college, taking the highest honors of
he class, will spsnd the winter at the
White House. She is the Presidents ' ?-?q2k
?The grave of President John Tjlsft M
n Hollywood cemetery, of JEUehznood, .?43lj
fa., is at last to be marked by a moansent,
which will be of granite and
ittingly inscribed. Only a handsome
oegnolia tree now marks the grave.
?A woman in Pennsylvania who
ias 25 children is being given some
rominence in the newspapers. The
Wilmington Messenger says that Mrs.
irchie Gordon, of Granville County.
forth Carolina, had 27 children, ml
?In commenting on the great lees ' v
f the 15th Massachusetts at Gettvs
urg, 313 out of 606 men being mar- '
ally wounded, the Des Moines State
iegister says: " In those days, howver,
it was the best soldiers en earth
gainst the best soldiers on earth."
?It is expected that in the next sesLon
of Congress Senator Clark vtil be :&mgfl
mong those to urge that territorial M
OTernment be granted to HawaiL
'he Western multi-millionaire has i ;
lade large investments on the islands
nd intends to build a summer home
?Mr. Edmund O. Osgood, of Angelis,
New York, has just celebrated his L; M
olden wedding. Cataracts formed en
is eyes at the age of 17, and when he
tarried he was totally blind. Twentyx
years later an operation restored ^J||
is sight, and he saw his wife andohilren
for the first time.
?A former private, Harry Hall of
ic 1st Colorado, who did dnty In the
kilipplnes, says that there is a fine
eld for lawyers in the archipelago. <
[all has enlisted in the regular army
ad will go back to Manila, his puroee
being to study law and to perfect,
imself in Spanish at spare moments. ^
?The town of Essen, which has 100,X)
inhabitants has just been admitted
ito the ranks of German cities. The
)wn was made by the Krupp gun
orks, which was started there by the
randfather of the present owner {Al ed
Krupp) la 1810. There are 41,000
nployees, and there has never yet
sen a strike*
?Mr. R. A. Moore, president of the
sxas Tobacco Growers' Association,
sports that he in in correspondence
1th six or eight oigar factories which
mtemplate moving to Houston within
ie next three or four months; and he
itimatesthat within, the next three
ears that city will have factories emloying
from 1,200 to 1,500 cigarmakarture
of the iVentteth'Kansas Reg*
nent, notes the curious thing that
hen the men turned in their arms
lost of them turned in Mansers, when
ley wsre charged with Springfield
Ifles on the books of the regiment.
'hey had cantered the Mausers from .
eastern sky will be especially beautiful
at midnight.
?A woman in Indiana received a
letter the other day that had be**'',
mailed to her in June, 1880, by a'Oalt^ 5;? ^
foraia friend, who died five years ago.
The letter had been misdirected, and
has been meandering around the conntry
for ten years seeking proper destination.
It was sent several times to
the dead letter office, covered by ad- .
dresses and postmarks, and forwarded
again in fresh envelopes. It reached
the owner yellow from ages and the
news was somewhat stale. The letter |
contained a money order for $2 that
time has outlawed. The department .~j
1 will replace it with a duplicate. yl
tie Filipinos.
?Miss Frank, a woman of Beacon,
[inn., 07 years of age, took a rery an*
rilling ride the other day. She tried
?climb over a stock train while on s
tie way to chnroh, when the train"
bartedwlth heron the hampers and
arried her to Willmar, thirty miles
way, in fifty minutes. She arrived
tfely, with, her Bible in hir hand,
aving ridden between the cars all the
?A big Western oackiug-ooiieertt
as embarked ifi the tmsinees of separsing
the whites and yolks of eggs,'
anning them separately, freeiing
hem- and unloading them oa the
Soma thiatw rinun tiirm irn -
at up in ? two-gallon can, which is
xactiy the nsmber that a case holds.
Vhen a baker usee thirty or forty
oz?n eggs in a day it takes time to
ireak the eggs and separate them.
'he new plan saves time.
?The imparity of the water in the
liasissippi River, from waich the oity
f St. Loais is supplied, will compel the
doption of filtration as a means of
emedy. This work is made more imperative
by the nearing completion =of
he Chicago drainage eanal. It is protable
that legal proceedings will be in*
titated by the city of St. Loais to present
the opening of the Chicago canal
tnlees the sewerage emptied therein r '
hail,have first been submitted to some
efficient process of purification.
?There are reasons for anticipating
i possible disappointment on this reurn
of the main body of November
aeteors. The meteors have been scatwring
daring the last sixty years and M
the planet Jupiter has had a hand in ,
die vandal work. But there JkoertalB : ^
bo be a meteoric shower, which will be
robbed of some of its splendor by.
bright moon. The maximum of the display
may be expected soon after mid- f
night on the morning of November 18. " ysgS
nnrfnir th? miHdlii of Nnvmnhnf th* ."V;

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