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The Bamberg herald. [volume] (Bamberg, S.C.) 1891-1972, September 14, 1905, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86063790/1905-09-14/ed-1/seq-2/

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If voit had nmf to my door alone,
Love. my iord;
Had 1 heard r.u foot fasave your own,
^ No voice but yours.
Oh. how wide had my door been thrown,
Oh. how jrladiy t he way been shown,
Lo\e, rr.y iordi
But I pccrro fr.vn r.:y casement cautiously,
Love. my lord:
You stood at my door with henchmen three
I knew too we!!;
Doubt and Distrust ctnr<* t ur> at me
And gaunt-faced, white-!inped Jealousy,
Love, my lord.
I 1! ~
Tiiir.y-ei?h* Men Repel Hie
lent Delens; c .1 Mount
| c: Maceionia ;
tor. si
r^OIt tI:o r?vr Wl0ks 1
rbeen studying bits of
lUll i I reports tintt have come in
M jM? front Macedonia front vai;ous
chiefs of chetas, secret
agents ami other individual
members of the oiga nidation,
all regarding a certain incident which
occurred some weeks ago down in
Southern Macedonia, in the enza, or
*rp V district of Tevgeli. It was much tele?
/ graphed about at the time and mentioned
in tlie European papers, but
some of the main facts and all the
details have as yet remained secret.
Tutting togjtner the dry official reports
to the committee with the narratives
of several participants or wii-!
iiesses who arrived here several days
ago, and excluding obvious individual
exaggerations, there still remains the
stoiy of an event which stands out as
remarkable, even in tills country of
sensational events. It is just such a
one as you may find here and there
in the pages of Herodotus?a second
Lionidas in another Thermopylae. It
is the story of how thirty-eight comitajis,
well armed and well entrenched,
for a whole day stood off the repeated
attacks of 2000 regular Turkish
soldiers, a horde of ^several thousand
bashi-bazouks, several hundred Albanians
and a band of thirty Greeks.
These numbers are quoted in the Turkish
x Few people familiar with events
fcere for the past few years have not
heard of Apostol Voyvoda. known to
the Turks and gendarmerie officers as
J.iptaiu Apostol. There is a standing
price of 5000 liras, or Turkish pounds.
011 his head. lie is a small, dark,
keen-eyed man of about thirty-five
years, who can neither r*ad nor write,
and always signs his dispatches, written
by his secretary, with a rubber
stamp hanging as a watch charm.
t Were lie a man of education. lie would
be one of the genera! leruers, for lie
& ? t is intellectually keen. Bat he is the
p . Robin IIoou of Macedonia. It is about
liitu that the story centres.
A week before Lent Apostol came
here to Kustendil, to recross the froiitier
some days later with several horse
loads of munitions. He was going to
take them to his rwu district, cache
tLeni in the mountains to use them as
a reserve for the summer's fighting.
With liim were Save MichaelotT, his
sub-chief, and thirty-eight num. On
the day before tne beginning of Lent.
Apostoi and his band were in the
Giavato Mountains. lie wanted to
t get over into the Cherni-Dervent Mountains;
between the two ranges runs
the River Vardar. During the day no
had sent a courier across the river
to the village of Spalivo, asking the
villagers to send horses for the am munition.
As was afterwards known,
V - the courier was stopped in the intermediate
village of Stoyak, where a
company of soldiers were quartered.
And this is the reason he was stopped.
A Greek shepherd boy. wandering
about the mountains with bis tiock.
came accidentally upon Apostol's band
iu hiding for the daj. They took him
nricnnp;* Xo\V evei'V Gl'PCk ia ail
- - - -cueiuy
to every Bnlgar, and for some
moments the boy's life was in danger.
Perhaps it was his youth which apMy
pealed to the chief: at any rate, he
released him. The boy at once went
to the village of Stoyak ami reported
Apostol's presence in the nearby mountains,
and later pointed out the courier
passing through the village for Spalivo.
The latter was arrested. When night
came and the horses from Spalivo did
rot appear Apostol de fded that pertaps
the villagers had lost the way.
so he and his men shouldered the ammunition
bugs among them, descended
to me river, crossed it. and by moonlight
had reached their destination.
Spalivo. This village was several
miles higher up the same bank of the
river 011 which stood Slovak, where
the soldivs were quartered. On one
side are aign mountain bluffs, on the
other the Kiver Yardar.
But as the villagers had not receiveu
Apostofs message, they, not expecting
him. had made no preparations. First,
they had allowed their dogs free, who
noisily announced the entrance of the
bandsmen into the village. Their barkings
were heard by some Albanian
shepherds a short distance outside.
However, the ammunition was
stored in an oid. half-broken-dcwn deserted
house, and two of the bandsmen
were detailed to sleep upon it. Apostol,
Michaelolt" and their companions then
divided themselves among a half dozen
houses nearby. In half an h;?ur all
were asleep, save a few of the villagers.
who remained awake to guard
cgainst surprise. Meanwhile the sol
0?1. the house of tt.v heart is over small.
Love, my lot ?i:
An' if I let you in I must let in all,
() >. every one!
And riot would reurn in my quiet hn 11.
And I fear me soon would my dwelling: fall.
Love, my lord.
You went who mipht never entrance win,
Love, my lord:
Str,i>iL-p tlmr ! thomriit it little sin
To bar my door:
P?;;t a kin; comes ever with shout and din,
A"d not alone Ir.d ycu entered in,
Love, mv Vord.
? . ' si:?. (Lirrison, in Puck.
~ ' ''I
is against the turks. j
Attack of Tfccusardf~A Gal?in
Pass?The Fctin Heed
and His Exploi s.
tilers in Stoyak hud quietly marched
up to SpaJivo and surrounded it. Then
a search party entered the village and
began searching the houses. The Albanian
shepherds, who had heard the
barking of the dogs, joined them. The
soldiers were now doubly assured that
they had Apostol and his baud sur
rounuect at last. .
Meanwhile, the pounding at the doors
as the Turks demanded entrance to
the houses, alarmed the village. Fortunately,
tlie search began from the
side opposite to that where the bfinds111011
were quartered. Now, it is a
standing law of the committee that the
bands must never tight in the villages,
unless* absolutely cornered, so Apostol
and his men, still half clothed, gathered
themselves together, and determined
to break through the ring. It
is probable that the traitor, who. as a
Greek, hated the Turks only a little
less than the Bulgars, had minimized
the number of the band, and that the
Turks thought they had only a baifd
oJ ordinary size to deal with, of from
fifteen to twenty men. At any rate.
Aposiol and his men had 110 difficulty
in walking through the circle. They
retreated quickly up the pass through
which the river runs until they could
go no further. Behind them the bluffs
descended abruptly into the Vardar;
011 one side rose cliffs, on the other,
below tlieiu, ran the river, a wide,
C rr? * f f 4 1\ ??? ~ ~
our<iIU juat iueu, iui UJU auuwa
were melting.- Before them the roc-ky
ground descended toward the village.
From a military point of view, it was
an ideal position for defense?and
death, for no escape was possible.
Day was dawning then, as the
bandsmen hastily threw up three lines
cf trenches with loose rocks and
boulders that had once tumbled down
from the heights above them. As
soon as the Turks were able to
locate'their positions by the growing
light, they spread out in fan formation
below, and began to tire. The bandsmen
numbered just thirty-eight, for in
the hurry there haa not been time to
gather in the two men who were in
the hut with the ammunition. As
was found later, they 'ontinutd sleeping
undisturbed, for the '?urks had
not considered the hut worthy of
search, and there the ammunition and
its two guards remained in safety during
the whole day. The first line of
trenches in the pars was defended by
Save MichaeloU and eleven men.
Fifty yards beyond and higher up
tifteen men were stationed, and still
higher up were Apostol and twelve
.uonnwn.ie the nrni.' una begun to
attract to the spot the vultures of the
Turkish army, the bashi-buzcuks.
These are a disorganized, irresponsibl;
rabble, who seldom fight but are always
on hand to share the plunder.
On occasions, they will someiifhes support
the troops in a charge, for th.:y
are well armed. These began to gather
in great numbers now, and took up
positions with the regulars. When the
tight was two hours old a Greek band
of thirty men. commanded by an officer
in the uniform of the Greel: army, appeared
and joined the Turks.
Evidently the Turkish officer in command
had recognized the strength of
Aposlol's position, for hitherto lie had
ordered no attack. Meanwhile it had
been telegraphed to Saioniea. two
hours away, by train, that Apostol
was cornered and more troops were
needed. But, anxious to gain the big
reward 011 Apostol's head, the Turkish
officer determined to get him
before his superiors arrived. Enforced
by the hashi-bazouks. the Albanians
and the Greeks, lie ordered
a general charge. The bandsmen allowed
the charging throng to come
half-way up. Then four hand grenades
were thrown and as many volleys
fired. They also rolled down huge
boulders into the panic-stricken Turks.
The destruction by the bombs was ter
rific, for even the Turkish regulars,
lierce fighters as they are, poured down
in scrambling retreat.
Having lost heavily, the Turks made
no further efforts then to storm Aposi
tol's position. liut in three hours the
I reinforcements from Salomon began to
J arrive. P.y noon twenty-five carloads
j had come, two thousand soldiers in all.
Meanwhile the bashi-bnzouks had
streamed steadily in from the surrounding
villages to the number of
five thousand, some reports say. That
is probably an exaggeration, and then,
too. as far as actual fighting was concerned.
most of these fellows probably
took up the passive attitude of
expectant spectators.
Upon the arrival of the general officer
Ir. command from Salonica. lie Jmpatiently
ordered ;i sonoral attack at
once. The soldiers made a wild upward
scramble, bat attain tlie bombs
were loas.n.g up iiio lava anions
them. That attack failed. as had the
iir>r. Two more equally desperate attacks
had a similar result soon after
Then the Turks withdrew and began
to open tip a heavy tire on the rocks
a hove, depending on rock splinters tc
destroy the insurgents behind tlieii
positions. These tactics, although
costly?for Apostol and his men were
slowly pot shooting individual officers
wherever visible?were more successful.
By seven that evening, at fifteen
o'clock by Turkish time, the insurgents
had been much reduced. Anothei
attack was ordered, before dark should
give the few survivors a possible
chance to escape. In the first trend
uly Miehaeloff and three men were
alive, and they all wounded. In thf
ther two lines of trenches were eight
ucn unwounded.
As tliis last general attack began
the ammunit. >11 of the bandsmen gave
out in a few last volleys. Then
Miokaeloff and his three men in the
first trench rose, deliberately smashed
their rifles over the rocks, destroyed
their watches in a similar manner
and drank the poison, which is part
of every bandsman's equipment, . to
save him from torture, if wounded.
The eight men above killed their
wounded comrades with their knives,
and then made a break for the river.
The Turks were successful. They had
gained the position. The news was then
telegraphed that Apostol had been
killed. From one of the bodies were
taken personal letters addressed to him,
a rifle with his name engraved upon it
was found, and various villagers identified
the corpse. Later it was found
that this was the body of Apostol's
secretary. So well was the Sultan
pleased with the lews that he immediately
telegraphed his personal thanks
to the troops, and sent ?3o0 to be
divided among them. The gendarmes,
the creatures established by the reforms.
who had taken part in the
fight, were all promoted.
Next day Georgis Pasha, the Italian
gendarmerie officer, commissioned
there by the Powers, arrived and began
an investigation. It seems be
was the first to question Apostol's
death. At any rate, he sent tor Apostol's
wife, wlio lives in a village nearby,
and the dead having already been
buried, he ordered them disinterred,
that she might identify her husband
among them. She failed to do so.
Bnt several days after all doubts
were settled when the kaimakam. or
governor of the caza, received a letter
bearing Apostol's rubber stamped seal,
announcing himself in good health,
save for a sprained ankle. Of the
whole band of forty men, six escaped,
two being the guards who watched
over the ammunition and took no part
in the fight. They remained with it
until another band came a week later
and carried it safely off. Of the eight
who broke for the river, three were
drowned while attempting to swim
across, and one, realizing that he could
not even attempt it, drank poison.
One reached the opposite bank and
escaped, and is now here in Kustendil.
Apostol and his three comrades
crouched among some rushes in shallow
water, and escaped later in the
night when the search was over. He
is now recovering from his sprained
ankle in a secret hospital in the
What the Turkish losses were in the
fight is hard to estimate truly. Turkish
reports only mention two Greeks
and sixteen Albanians killed. Villagers
of Spalivo say 1200 in all fell,
but that is perhaps an exaggeration.
Still, the casualities must have been
heavy, otherwise such a large force
could not have been checked for a
trboip ftnv hv thirtv-eicht men.?New
York Post.
Rachel's Sinter Still Lives.
Comparatively few persons are
aware that the once great actress of
the Comedie Francaise, Rachel, who
died so far back as 1SJS, has a sister
still living in Paris. This sister, Mile.
Lea Felix, was hurt in a carriage accident
recently, but is now getting
better. Mile. Felix retired from the
stage fifteen years ago. her last appearance
being 3 s Joan of Arc, in
Aarbier's drama, at the Forte Saint
Martin. She always retained her family
name of Felix. Mile. Rachel, the
great tragedienne, had four sisters
and one brothel. All her sisters were
actresses, like herself, and had considerable
sucess in the profesion. Lea
Felix is, in all probability, the only
one of the sisters now living.?London
Noble Itevfci-ge.
It was a not day. and the dray horse
and the thoroughbred carriage horse
Happened to be drinking at the same
"You're a perfect fright," said the
thoroughbred, indulging in a horse
laugh, "with that hideous old straw
hat 011 your head."
The dray horse looked at him. but
said nothing.
Then, with a brush of his ample
tail, lie bru ^ed a fiy from the quivering
hide of the carriage liorse. which
the latter, with bis poor little stump
of a tall, was unable to reach, and
dipped bis nose in the trough again.
?Chicago Tribune.
A Curious Club.
One of the most curious clubs on record
has recently been formed by society
ladies in Berlin. The principal
condition of membership is that the
applicant must do oewi. mv ciuu iiui
over a hundred members, who meet
regularly on e a weel: in handsomely
furnished rooms in the Wilheln
Strasse, where they converse by means
of ear-trumpets anl the sign 4anguag<
and drink tea.
j |TfE are accustomed to speak
, j of the ^udian as a hunter,
; j \\j to think that his food con,
j - sisted wholly of flesh, and
j that he lived purely 0:1 the
, | products of the chase. This
, | impression is very far from true. The
. I Indian?like man everywhere except in
. 1 the Arctic regions?is an omnivorous
, creature, and while lie may subsist
. | chiefly 011 flesh, he also greatly relishes
. vegetable food. As a matter of fact,
I the great majority of the aboriginal
, tribes of North America were cultivators
of the ground. The popular idea
, that the Indian was a nomad wander,
i ing from place to place and never
., camping twice in the same spot arises
from an entire misconception of facts.
t We have been lokl for years by the
? newspapers and other equally ill-informed
authorities that the Indians
? i were wanderers, and we Lave come
J to believe that this was true. It was
j not. The Indians lived in ver.v large
, | measure in permanent villages, near
. j which they had their cultivated fields,
, I and which they occupied for the great!
er part of each year. At certain sea,
i sons special absences?more or less
j protracted?were necessary for the purj
pose of hunting sonic particular game
; or of gathering some special-sort of
! wild roots or fruits.
This permanency of habitation was
j true even of some of tlie tribes inhab|
iting the semi-arid plains who depend:
[ ed for support on ihe buffalo, and toi
day, one who visits one of the plains
. j tribes and asks the old men how their
; fathers used to live will everywhere
receive the same answer. They will
say that they used to grow corn, beans,
squashes or pumpkins, and tobacco
and besides this they gathered as
abundance of wild crops which gave
them a certain amount of vegetable
food all through the year.
Of the Iroquois we are told that the
crops they harvested were so large that
they frequently had in their store
houses two or three years' supply or
corn, beans and squashes. The Pawnees,
occupying the arid West, like the
Delawarcs of the moist sea coast,
stored their crops in great pits dug in
the ground, which they lined with
mats, and in which their corn was perfectly
preserved all through the winter,
or until the supply was exhausted.
Very different was the situation of the
Cocopahs inhabiting the desert away
to the Southwest. They scraped aside
the rocks that covered the dry mountainside
and, uncovering a little soil,
planted there n few hills of corn and
squashes, carrying on their backs from
the distant spring the water which
should moisten the ground to cause the
seeds to sprout and to refresh the
plants until the crop matured, and
. when it was gathered they at once consumed
Within the memory of living men,
and while there were yet buffalo in
abundance, the Western Indians of
many tribes continued their primitive
culture of the stubborn soil. The Pawi
nee women used to hoe their corn with
I hces made from the slioulderblade of
j the buffalo Iasbod to a wooden handle,
! and about tbe same time the warlike
Cheyennes were planting their little
cornfields on.the Little Missouri River.
We know that in early days, when
i wooded Minnesota was much farther
from the centre of things than Alaska
is to day, the Indians of that territory
planted little crops of corn, loosening
the soil, either with hoes purchased
j from the traders or with the hardened
i sharpened branch of a tree. Their
j fields were small, from a quarter of
j an acre to an acre in extent, and proj
dueed a small corn the ears of which
I vere from three to eitrht inches -Ion?,
I and which was chiefly consumed green
! as roasting ears. A. part of the crop,
j however, was boiled 011 the ear while
! green,, cut from the cob and dried in
j the sun to be kept for winter use.
i Boiled with meat it made a nourishing
j and pnlntble dish. There was no food
! more delicious, and none better to work
! on than dried corn and buffalo meat.
Over the whole of North America,
j wherever the climate permitted it to
ripen, corn was cultivated by the Indians
and constituted an important
' part of their subsistence. I.oskiel. who
j in the eighteenth century wrote interi
estingly and at great length of the
j Indians among whom the United
i Brethren worked, enumerates no Jess
|; tlian twelve methods employed liy the
; Indians in preparing their corn for
j food. A concentrated form of nounsh!
ment much employed when traveling
j on the warpath, or where it was neres11
sary to go swiftly or with light loads,
, | was citanton. an interesting analogue
' ! of the penunicau used in old prairie
travel. Pemmican consisted of pulverized
dried meat mixed with melted
! fat. hut, as those will remember who
j have rend the old works of travel in
! the Northwest, or even those "Trails of
| the Pathfinders.*' which have recently
! appeared in Forest and Stream, there
'was another sort of pemmican made
of the pulverized flesh of fish also
j mixed with fat. Citamon. on the other
j hand, was finely pounded rornmeal
. mixed with powdered maple sugar, and
i then packed in a sa<*k so tightly that
I tiie air could not enter it. "While pom!
mican was purely a flesh food, citamon
! was wholly vegetable.
' It is well understood -that the In;
t'ians had discovered the art of making
! maple sugar long before the coating
-whites. ai d that they tauuht
j first the French i:i Can nun and inter
j other white people liow to maiiufnetwr.j
sugar and syrup from the sap of the
I maple tree. They used i:ot only the
i sap of the hard or sugar maple, hut
| also that of the soft or white mapio.
i though of the latter mm-h more sup
i vas required to unke a given quantity
3t , zs i\TT Fnnn^i
?|| I?M M?i (
of sugar. In tbe Western country, i
} even out on the plains, sugar was made j
by Indians from the sap of the commoy !
box elder tree.?Forest and Stream. J |
i i
It ig Believed to Be Derived From Some |
Parent Klement.
Frofessor F. Socldy has made recently
some interesting contributions to
our knowledge of radium, about whose
probable origin there has been so much
speculation. Radium is now believed
to bje derived from some parent element
which is decomposing at a very i
. slow rate, and Frofessor Soddy not
only supports this view, but states ?
that from the disintegration of radium
must follow otber and better-known
elements. On the assumption that
there is such a parent clement and the *
quantity of radium is minute, this par- I (out
element must exist in large !i
amounts, and it must have a large
atomic weight in order to give radium
on its disintegration, a process that is
known to be very slow.
The only two elements answering
these requirements are uranium and
thorium, and as the former is practically
always found in company with
radium it must be the substance i
sought. Professor Soduy has been able
to demonstrate this fact experimentally
by obtaining from uranium, which
originally was free from radium, an
unmistakable emanating power. The
original uranium, it was proved, did
not possess the power of emitting an
emanation, and as the emanation thus
obtained seemed to be in all respects
identical with that of radium, it
seemed a proper inference that the
uranium in the course of its decomposition
was producing radium.
Professor Soddy believes that radium,
actinium and polonium are intermediate
products in the disintegration
of radium, and that the ultimate
product must be an element of lighter
atomic weight and should be a known
substance. The logical candidates for
such a position are bismuth and lead,
and inasmuch as the latter occurs in
the uranium-radium minerals the preponderance
of opinion is in its favor.
This seeins in a fair way soon to be
settled, as polonium not only is easily
obtained, but also changes very rapidly.
and the question of deciding definitely
011 this filial product is apparent1?<
/\rtA <m/Y ArriQ*?ininnf ?
UUJ^ U11C VI VVOl iliiu ?*
Harper's Weekly.
U, V and TV.
"Spell it Tvltli a Wc, Sammy, spell it
i with a We!" the elder Mr. Weller
shouted from the gallery of the court
room to his son when the judge desired
to learn the correct initial of his name.
Doubtless, in a delightful anecdote recently
related of Mr. Laurence Hutton
and two of his friends, it was a recollection,
of this famous injunction that
moved a perplexed parent to adopt,
when the propriety of a W was? questioned,
tk? simple rule, "When in doubt
Laurence Hutton and the actor, Lawrence
Barrett, were both intimate
friends of the artist. Frank Millet; so
when, oue summer in London, a baby
son was boru to Millet, they both accompanied
him to the vestry-house of
St. Mary's, Kensington, in which parish !
his residence lay, to have its birth duly
The usual questions were asked and
answered. Mr. Hutton relates, and finally
the name of the child. "Lawrence,"
said the father.
"L-a-w-r-e-n-c-e," said Barrett, in his
most formidable high-tragedy voice, #
and with a strong accent on the w.
"Pardon me," said Hutton, "L-a-u- j
r-e-n-c-e. if you please," with the accent
on the u.
"L-a-W!" shouted Barrett.
"L-a-u!" insisted Hutton, and the j c
noor little official laid down his pen in j j
amazement. j 1
"The clerk was on the point of faint- J 1
ing or calling the police," added Mr. j 1
Hutton. "when Mr. Millet, in his quiet i
way, came to the rescue." t
" 'It appears to me,' he exclaimed, q
'that in a case of this kind the father t
of the child should have something to
say! I never interfered with the nam- t
ing of any of your babies, did I?' Then j
turning to the clerk, be said, 'Spell him c
with a v.' f
"And Lavrence Millet he is by law to
this day."?Youth's Companion. e
A School of Glove Making.
Mainly because of objection on the
part of skilled employes to having an
unlimited force of green hands engaged,
and also owing to chronic scare- ^
ity of competent help, the Master Glovers'
Association, principally composed
of wholesale firms in the metropolis,
opened a free school of instruction at
Gloversvillc, X. Y., lust week. It is intended
to make this institution perma- . *
nent, with the purpose of supplying
present and future shortage in the kid i
glove labor market. The various styles <
in stitching are taught, among other j <
I branches of the business, under the j i
' general direction of a corps of expert ! (
I male and female tutors. As the up- : c
T ? !
j piVilIiC?3 I'lvmiyt Vj/V.i?u,vu .
thry are ai liberty to seek employment J
in ;u:y factory operated by a member :
of the organization. A uniform wage j
schedule prevails. .Many applications | \
have been received from both men and
; women.?New York Press.
DeslroyiiiR Germs.
The inspector of the disinfection .(
; office of Turin, Italy, lias instituted an
'Innovation in destroying germs in
! dwellings. He uses a one per cent, so- .
! Intioii of sai soda for cleansing tlie
j floors, whereby the bacilli of diphtheria ; '/
I ami typhus are killed in one minute.
' # ?*3j
Dotton Association Plans lo
Raise Campaign Fund.
-. ' '\i
mportant Work in Interest of Grow- - ,
ers of the South Mapped Out at
Convention Sessions in
- 'W
The first annual convention of the
southern Cotton convention closed at *
Asheviile, N. C., Friday night, with %
i banquet tendered to the executive
jommittee by Keniiwortli Inn.
It is <protx>sed to raise $10QJ]00
tor the national association and $160,*
)00 each for the state and county astxuaticns
by the 3 cent tax on each V;vj
jale of cotton, and such tax wlB be
The afternoon and night sessions
rtiday were confined chiefly to the
wssing of various resolutions, chief
>f which was one looking to a raise
a membership dues fqrom 25 cents
:o $1 a year.
Colonel J. McMartin's. resolution
ecommended that greater publicity
je given to article 1, section 1, of :
he constitution, which calls attenion
to the fact that the Southern ;
Cotton convention is an organization .
omposed not only of growers, but
>f manufacturers and farmers, which
vas adopted. M,r McMartin further
states that the chief object of tbs ^
>rganization is ,sthe industrial devel- ' |
>pment and supremacy of the cotton ^
states," and to this end the govern- -Wk
nent should be argued to build bet*
;er southern harbors.
An important feature of the closing
session was the adoption of a modon
made by E. D. Smith of South Carolina
to the effect that all mem- ~ ^
3ers of the association be urged to vy<j
narket their cotton, even at the minmum
price, as slowly as possible, so - 'iM
ts to distribute the sale of the sta)le
over the entire year instead of
marketing the crop in ninety days
is has been the custom. In this wajr - ;5|jH
he highest prices possible above the
ninimum could be secured. * *
After some discussion at the night
ession as to the next meeting ptace
)f the association's executive commit
ee, Hot Springs, Ark., was chosen. ~;rhis
was effected by a compromise .
nade between the advocates of Ashe- ' J|pg
rille and Hot Springs, by the terms
>f which the winter meeting con-enes
at the latter place, while Ashe. ;'
rille gets the summer meeting.
The matter of Vice President Pe- if,
;ers* resignation was again touched v
u^on, and although the discussion was ;oncluded
in secret session, it is un- ^
lerstood that Mr. Peters will "volunarily
resign" in a few days, and his -Z&
accessor will be named by Presilent
Jordan, in whose hands the quesion
was left for adjustment It was . ??j
eported that the association will
>robably deliver an address to the
American people. It will deal princi>ally
with existing conditions in the
extile world. The .passing of resoln- ,
dons of thanks to the people of Ashe- ^
rille, the local and national press and .
die local authorities of Kenilworth . .
:losed the convention.
Regret Expressed by Better Class at
Burning of Christian Churches.
A Tokio special says: At noon Frilay
the city was quiet. Complete reports
from metropolitan and outly- - ^
ng districts indcate that there was
10 disorder throughout Thursday
light or early Friday morning.
The government has suspended a
otal of five newspapers, and it is exacted
that the publications of others
will be prevented.
Government officials and the beter
class of Japanese citizens are expressing
keen regret over the attacks *vf
>n Christian churches. They explain -J
hat the affdr was the result of local , :onditions,
and does not indicate &
;erious anti-foreign or anti-Christian
eeling. ;~V{
Zzr.aI Engineers Accept Old Lines at
Basis of Discussion.
The board of consulting engineers
>f the Panama canal met in Washingon
Friday. The members have been
tudying the various maps and data.
Hie most important conclusion reaca
id by the board was that the location
)f the canal, as marked on the official
maps of the commission, known
is the French location, shall be accepted
as a basis for the detailed discussion
of its structure.
1 1
falue of Output for Year 1904 is Fig- f
ured at $96,9CO.
Director of the M'int Roberts rnc
:.a'?e public his estimates of the* prediction
of gold and silver Id the Uu
r-.t States for the calendar year 19'. '.
These figures show an increase t:
i.t- pa.dticrion ever the calendar ytvtC
$7,131,500 gold and 3.4S6.0;i)
r:e ounces of silver. -Georgia is ere iJ
with $96,900 gold and 1,500 Cno
nieces of s,tver.
': . 'Hi

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