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IN THE CUL
ROCK DRILLS AT WORK. (. 6AS0LEKE MOTOR CARS. A New One Just Finished For the Union Pacific Road. ONE of the latest ideas in railway practice is to have cars which will rim independently of a locomotive, and yet will cot rely on electricity as used by a ' trolley car?that is. taking power from ; ; a distant station through an overhead j wire or other metallic conductor. Sev-1 : eral different methods of driving these ; cars have been tried. In England j i steam engines are in favor, on the Con- j < , tinent of Europe storage batteries have i j a limited use, and in the United States ! ; two other systems are being experi- j mented with. One is very complicated. 1 A combination is made, consisting of a ! gasolene engine, a dynamo (to generate ; electricity! and a motor (like that on a ! trolley car axie) to use it. This would ! seem a needlessly expensive plan, be-1 cause if the power is to be derived from a gasolene engine it might be \ thought that the latter alone would be j enough without any electricity, it is. asserted, however, that with nothing"; ? NEW TYPE OF MOTOR CAR JUST PACIFIC RAIL V but a gasolene engine the speed cannot be regulated as perfectly for a railroad : car as for an automobile, and that the addition of the electric machinery makes control of the running easier i than otherwise. 4 1 Nevertheless, a few companies are trying to make the gasolene engine < alone do the work. One of the roads < on which that plan is being tested is 1 the Union Pacific. The first experi- ] mental car was built only about two ] years ago, and several more have since < been constructed. The latest, No. 7, is supposed to represent the lessons of experience derived from the others. ' In size it resembles No. 2, but it has a 1 side entrance, instead of end doors. 1 The roof is twenty-four inches lower man inose 01 oruinary passeugei coaches, and a steel frame imparts : great strength to the car. One of the ; most noticeable novelties is the < Mllet of Locmtf, Locusts are again devastating southern Algeria. The swarms first made their appearance a few days ago, and J now they reach proportions that almost j defy the imagination. It is not easy ] to realize to the mind an almost soild ; phalanx of moving life 123 miles long 1 i>y six miles broad. Unfortunately. ] the devastation which such myriads ; of insects must create in vegetation < is not so difficult to appreciate. "Wherever the host has passed nothing ( green remains. Even the houses are becoming uninhabitable. The Oran province seems doomed for this year. ?London Globe. A Remedy For FaintneM. Sneezing is the best brain clearer known. Many persons conclude an -attack of faintness, or fainting, with .a violent sneeze. Our ancestors took snuff from a belief in the efficacy of sneezing. But tobacco so taken is in part absorbed into the blood, and hurts the system, says Home i\*otes. Tick ling the nostriis with r. feather or straw will act as well as taking snuff. Try it when you feel faiut; it caunot do harm. IN THE PUBLIC EYE I Wf , > ' J>^;?.; '^.VV.'' ''" V^B uf w & lESnW^RmfiRB^v- ' $*+:< . '' >C;!_ 5 -. - -''/'j^^^S/^ ^ f** k CHARLES E. MAUOOX, \ Governor of tlie Panama Caual Zone. EBRA CUT. ' v' I )N THE PANAMA CANAL. adoption of a round shape for the windows. The sashes are said to be air tight, water tight and dust tight, and to be an improvement on the double windows of parlor cars. The seating capacity of No. 7 is -seventyfive. The interior is finished in English oak. The weight is 58,000 pounds, and the length fifty-five feet. The car is especially designed for climbing grades, and is not geared to as high a speed as some of the previous cars. According to the Manufacturers' Record, whose illustration is here reproduced, the new car was run around the railroad yard at Omaha for a few days ifter it was finished to "limber up" the machinery. Then, about a month ago, it made a long distance trip. It started out on the main line westward a short time after the Overland Limited left The motor ear gained on the train to such an extent that at Fremont, fortysix miles from Omaha, it was held back six minutes by a block signal. Owing to a heavy wind and meeting trains from this time on, the schedule was not maintained; however, the total time of the motor car from Omaha to ' COM FLEXED BY THE UNION PAY AT OMAHA. Grand Island, 153.G miles, was 5 hours and 12 minutes, with delays amounting to 40 minutes on account of orders, meeting trains, etc. The actual runaiug time for the 153.6 miles was 4 hours 32 minutes, or 34 miles per hour. There was no delay whatever on account of the motor car, and the mailiinarr. iroo in o 1 m/icf oftiictnnt mntiftn LUXllCi J ?? UO 1U UlUiVOI. \,VUOluuk iu v v v ** from Omaha to Grand Island. On the return trip, on April 15, the actual running time was 4 hours 10 minutes, >r 36.3 miles per hour. From Elkhorn to South Omaha, a distance of 24.3 miles was covered in 36 minutes, or < 12 miles per hour. A maximum speed Df 53 miles per hour was attained on this trip. One of the motor cars built by the Union Pacific is in operation hetween Houston and Galveston, Texas. Acetylene gas is used for lighting these ehicles. LIFE WET. Equally important with the saving of life at sea is the rescue erf persons from burning buildings. When imprisoned in the upper floors, with the regular means of exit cut off, it Is often necessary to resort to extreme measures. Under the stress of excitement persons in such a predicament, especially women and children, lose their self-control and leap from windows, regardless of the height from the ground. The apparatus shown 1 Iteady For Instant Use. here was designed especially for such emergencies, when then, is not sufficient time to raise the ladders. It consists of a strong, yet flexible, net. snnnortpd unon a stout frame. The ~ ? entire apparatus is constructed to be rigidly attached to a wagou, and when not in use folds up into a small space. It is operated by means of a crank and handle, the turning of the latter sprpading the net out to the right tension. Obviously, it can be transported to the exact spot desired, aud persons unable to escape from the flames could jump from the windows into the net with assurauce that they 'would be saved uninjured. \ Flying Wedge. i "Great Scott!" exclaimed the drum- . ! iner who had put up in the old farm i house over night. "What was that i noise down below? Football rush?" ' i "Worse than that, stranger," chuckled the old farmer, as he snuffed out the candle. "Yeou see, I have eight darters an' each one of them has a beau who calls on Thursday nights. Wall, the first couple that gets the parlor can have it. That's why they running." ! ~~ MARINE NOISE MAKERS. Tin Horns, Mechanical Fog Horns and Various Other Modern Contrivances. Tin horns, such as venders bring out by the wagon load in the city's ! streets on election night, are stock arI tides of sale the year around in the j stores of dealers in marine supplies, j On every boat bigger than a rowboat i a noise maker of some sort is as necessary an item of equipment as the anchor, to give warning of the vessel's presence or approach. Thousands of tin horns of various sizes are annually sold to fishermen, oystermen and men using boats, in many waters, in various pursuits, and such horns are sold, as well, for boats used for pleasure. A big horn of this kind might be heard a mile. For larger vessels, such as schooners sailing in open waters and not equipped with power with which to blow whistles, there are provided mechanical fog horns that can be operated by hand, and that can be heard three or four miles away. With the multiplication everywhere within recent years of pleasure craft I there have been introduced still othj er sorts of ncise makers. One of these is a bellows horn, with the horn I Attached to the ton board of a trimly finished bellows of oblong shape, to j the top board of which also Is attachI ed a handle. This bellows horn can j be put down anywhere and operated | simply by pressure. Though not as ! big as the mechanical fog horn it can | be heard for a considerable distance. A still smaller bellows noise maker has in place of a hern an air whistle. Another whistle contrivance has a small upright metal cylinder in which air is compressed by means of a han; die worked like a plunger. The whistle which may be one of a single tone, or a chime, is attached to the outside of the cylinder. Still another modern noise maker is an air blown whistle with a light contrivance attached. When the whistle cord is pulled the light shows as the whistle blows. Obviously the light attachment is for use at night to locate the boat from which the whistle is blowing. While these later sound producers, designed more especially for yachts and launches and tenders and other pleasure craft, are rather more elaborate, they are used for precisely the same purposes as the old tin horn, namely, to give warning in case of fog, for signalling in crowded waterways, for blowing for landings or for bridges.?New York Sun. Famous Actors as Negro Minstrels. Jefferson said he thought he was one of the first men to black his face after the appearance and success of "Jim Crow" (T. D.) Rice.' "I suppose," said Mrs. Drew, "there are very few men in this company who have not at one time or another been associated with minstrel performances." "I played Brudder Jones," said Mr. Jefferson. "Everybody knows I was in the minstrel business," Goodwin exclaimed. "Yes," I remarked, "because we were there together. "Well," joined In Crane, "I was on the tambourine end with Campbell's minstrels." 1 remember telling this at Lawrence Barrett's house at Cohasset, where the rest of the party consisted of Edwin Booth and Stuart Robson. Booth then told how he and J. S. Clarke were minstrels in their younger days, and he followed this up by declaring that he used to "pick a little on the banjo." I laughed, and Booth inquired the reason, and I -J J- J M HUUKU, UU, LUtlllllg lliuiu, uui; DUUtu and the banjo seemed such ah odd combination."?Francis Wilson in Scribner's Magazine. . CLEVER DOCTOR Cured a 20 Years' Trouble "Without Any Medicine. A wise Indiana physician cured 20 years' stomach disease without any medicine, as his patient tells: "I had stomach trouble for 20 years, tried allopathic medicines, patent medicines and all the simple remedies suggested by my friends, but grew worse all the time. "Finally a doctor who is the most prominent physician in this part of the State told me medicine would do me no good only irritating my stomach and making it worse?that I must look to diet and quit drinking conee. "I cried out in alarm, 'Quit drinking coffee!' w'hy, 'What will I drink?' " 'Try Postum,' said the doctor; 'I drink it and you will like it when it is made according to directions, with cream, for it is delicious and has none of the bad effects coffee has." "Well, that was two years ago, and I am still drinking Postum. My stomach is right again and I know Doctor hit the nail on the head when he decided coffee was the cause of all my trouble. I only wish I had quit it years ago and drank Postum in its place." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Never too late to mend. Ten days' trial of Postum in place of coffee works wonders. There's a reason. Look in pkgs. for the famous little book, "The Road to Wellville." . s A LOTUS LAND IS SWITZERLAND, THE BEAUTIFUL AND WELL 80VESNED. ? -> - . the Country Something Els? Than a Population of Clean Peasants an?l Kich MIV:?One of the Kent Holed Nations In tli? World?It 1b All Done Onietly and Without'Baubles?The Bu?iness11k? Swiss Spring?Even It "Knows Its Business." [CLAREXCE ROOK IX THE LOXDOX CHRONICLE] OF .ill the countries in the world, surely Switzerland is the most businesslike. No one can conquer and anuex Swwitzerkind; but that is Switzerland's affair. It does not parade its internal organization, though, from a close inspection of the official notices on public buildings, one may gather that every Swiss from youth to middleageis required to prac+ chnnlinnr an/1 +bnf if trmihlp firflSP UUV4 W A ft. Vfc VWVV M. ?M?| tliese William Tells of a later day would lie behind the shoulder of an imminent avalanche and pick the apple from the invader's eye. But the ordinary visitor to Switzerland is only dimly conscious of being in a well-governed country. Vaguely he knows that Geneva watches are famous, that Swiss milk is on the world's market, that the native population seems well fed, well dressed and remarkably clean, as compared with the English peasant, who never washes his hands, but "when they gets 'ard, I iles 'em." And in a moment of reflection he may realize that this is not a nation composed exclusively of hotel managers, waiters, porters and the rest of the people that smooth their manners to make the tourist's path easy. By some extraordinary combination of circumstances a motley gathering of Italians, Germans and French, Protestants and Roman Catholics, Conservatives, Liberals, Socialists, Anarchists, waiters, peasants and statesmen, have combined to form the most patriotic community in the world. In the last weeks I have had to reconstruct my ideas of patriotism while loitering about the shores of Lake Leman and talking and mixing all the languages of which I have a smattering, not excepting an artful adaptation of the ancient Greek of Oxford to the modern Greek of Athens. No doubt the late Mr. Buckle would have called Swiss patriotism geographical. Thucydides gave the hint when he touched the phrase that may be translated "community of interests." Switzerland has that "community of interests," and to the ordinary tourist who spins down to Dover, lunches on beef and pickles as a Briton* should, upon a turbine steamer, dines in Paris, and- breakfasts upon rolls, butter, coffee (such coffee!), and honey in Geneva the wonder arises. How is this managed? The question went round the dinner table at Geneva. What is the name of the king, premier, president or ruler of this happy country? No one knew. The thing is done without fuss or tumult, without crowns and robes and baubles. It was only when the Anglo-Indian shouted for a waiter that the whisper was given? the name of the gentleman who happened this year to be the head of the Swiss Republic. Very businesslike is the Swiss Republic. . It has arranged its seasons. In winter you may skate, toboggan and enjoy many winter sports, or lie in pure mountain air and get rid of tuberculosis affections. In summer you may crowd Lucerne and hang in bunches over Zermatt on the ends of ropes?guaranteed not to snap. But Switzerland has another line under the counter. It has a spring season?and it smooths the way. Gently it invites you to the shores of Lake Leman?with promises of flowers and the protection of mountains that ward off the horrid .winds from north and east. From the very first the way is smoothed, for yoU may fill your pockets with a tourist agency's hotel coupons, and wave them languidly as you dodder round the lake from Geneva to Evian and back again, I was rather nervous about these coupons, fearing that the hoteikeeper would complain that I was not playing the game. For me?I stood on velvet. There was my food and lodging at so much per day, j and the only exertion demanded was to tear a bit of paper from a little boon. But tbe Swiss Republic is businesslike; the hotelkeeper knows that he can m^ke his profit out of the luxuries of life when the necessities are provided. I hear him murmuring, "The little more, and how much it is!" And the traveler departs without murmuring. since he knows that the necessaries of life are in his breast-pocket Switzerland knows well enough that the spring visitors to the lake are not Intent upon climbing, or, indeed, upon any physical exertion that can be reasonably avoided. There is just the ! hint of peaks to be surmounted, and from the middle of the Pont du Mt. Blanc at Geneva the old gentleman on crutches surveys the snowy summit he has no hope of reaching. He is a type of the spring visitors to the Lake of Geneva (which you may call alternately the Lake Leman.) We lounge on deck chairs before the hotel at Lausanne and comment on the extreme blueness of the lake, while one or two 1 nlmrtoi rememuer vuui jl^liuuh ^icn anuvoi I furious at its blueness, and insisted j upon a cross-examination. But we do I not worry ourselves as to why the lake is blue. We place ourselves upon a comfortable steamer and contemplate it. The comfort is increased by the sight of the jagged horror of the Dent du Midi?crowned with snow?and the steward tells a complicated story of a salamander in an icebox. It appeals to the visitors who are practical?and retain the touch of idealism. As we louifge about the shores of the lake, or skirt it in steamboats, wa walcoma t'"> contrast between the chilly fastnesses and the warmth about us. And the Swiss spring! Still Switzerland is most businesslike. It invitesyou to witness the final bout between the seasons, when the snow retreats and the flowers wiD. Just now you may dig a stick into the melting snow upon the heights above Montreux, and discover the triumphant blossoms that lmve been waiting for the moment,of release. Thousands of feet above the level of the sea! But Switzerland, the businesslike, has arranged for all that. It is scarcely necessary to set one foot before another. l"ou may be dragged by all kinds of mechanical transport aloft.' Even as you tremble at the transit of the funicular railway that takes you from Terrltet to Caux aud will finally convey .you to Lea Avants and the neighborhood of eternal snows, you will see the flowers, tenderly truculent, thrusting their heads through the stone walls that border the ascent Frinted notices implore you not to stretch out a hand and pluck them. One might as well pluck water lilies from the Thames. Both acts were murder of the first degree. Cnnfamnlotmor tha haiffhfo Ilrifltf WU IUL MWiQUhW MMV* on the level we are a polyglot crowd in the hotel, and most of us are here upon a hint from some doctor or other. Medical reputations are here spun upon the point of an epigram. There are Russians and French and Germans, a sprinkling of Americans, a few English and a Persian. But the central figure is the Anglo-Indian, who has been imprisoned here by ?doctor's orders for several months. He knows all the people in the hotel?their past and their symptoms. Every evening after dinner, while the lake lies in glory and Mont Blanc is catching the final reflex of the sun, he spreads his cards for a game of Patience. The nations of the earth gather about him, and give advice in many tongues. Those who speak in many languages shout in all of them. Especially the amazing girl who seems to talk all languages in one sentence?all but Hindustani, which is the final refuge of the AngloIndian. There was a move of the cards. And the girl broke out: "No, no! Tenez! Tenez! You break me the head! Sie Gehen zu Schnell! Ah! la! la! So!" Then the hotel proprietor, having stolen up unobserved, remarked in half a dozen languages that the move was right, and the Anglo-Indian went to bed with the happiness of a triumph. They know their business?-in Switzei* land. DIFFUSION OF METALS Solid Gold Sends Its Atoms Through Unm el ted Lead. According to an officiai of the Geological Survey, very wonderful experiments hovo hoen m.iflp in TPPPnt Tears with reference to the "diffusion of solid metals." It has been proved, for instance, that gold, without being melted, will diffuse its atoms through a mass of solid lead. Of course, the amount of the diffusion is very slight, but it is easily measurable. In some of the experiments cylinders of lead about two and three-quarter inches in length, with gold placed at the bottom, were kept at a high temperature, but not high enough tc melt either of the metals for various periods of time. In three days enough gold had passed upward through the solid lead to be detected at the top of the cylinders. Gold and lead kept pressed together for* four days, without being heated above ordinary temperatures, were strongly united. Solid gold also diffuses in solid silver and solid copper. These facts are regarded as confirmation of the view long held in certain quarters that the three conditions of] matters, solid, liquid and gaseous, probably always exist in every liquid or solid substance, but that one predomr inates over the others. s No Better Place. A young editor of a country weekly who thought himself possessed of a high order of talent was lamenting his narrow fate one day to a lady who was # llforoyrr ahilitT. T1 flT Oi UCixiiU >Y ICUJjCu. UIHUIJ uv...v, rates the Jefferson County (Wis.) Union. "If I only had a city paper to write for," said he, "how much better could I do. I would then have an audience appreciative of my talent." The lady looked at liim for a moment and said: "My dear sir, you are making a most serious mistake. If you have talent and are ambitious of distinction, why don't you give evidence of it in the columns of your own paper? Tour audience is appreciative enough if you will but give them something to appreciate." There Is no better place for iirst class editorial-wbrk than the coun* try newspaper, and it is a pity that the men who control its columns do not see that it is the actor, not the theatre, that marks the character of the play and in reality attracts the audience. Fattened Oyster* Dangerous. When oysters * are removed from more saline water to that which is less salt, says Dr. William K. Brooks, pro * J- fnlint Tlontins lessor 01 zoology ili iuc iivuuo uvfMuw University, who has made the oyster a life study, they absorb water quickly, and become plump, or "fat," but the fatness is nothing but water. The "fattening" is usually carried on in the mouths of rivers, which are always near towns and polluted by sewage. Every "fattened" Oyster is too suspicious to be eaten .raw, and the outbreaks of typhoid fever which have been traced to oysters most clearly have been traced to "fattened" oysters. All the fresh water that a "fattened" oyster has absorbed is at once extracted by cooking, so that the "fattening" j of oysters that are to be cooked is ! not only an unnecessary expense, but a [ fraud on the consumer, who is sold ! filthy water from the harbors of cities I at the price of oysters.?New York ! Times. ' --W35 M PRICE'S WHEAT FIJIKE iBtLERY FOOD Is a very nourishing food; in fact, an article of diet so nutritious in , itself, would support life. On it you can feed with profitandwith J * " * _ . ']? l.l ? _ i pleasure. Palatable and easy of % i digestion. g , 10 cents a packaged For sale by all Grocers Cold Storage Game. I The startling disclosures of the practices of the meat packers may f? well give pause to the consumer? of cold storage game. If it be the common practice of the packers of beef , , and mutton and pork and sausage and canned chicken to use deadly* chemicals for preserving the meats, for restoring the eolor of diseased flesh and neutralizing the odors of that which is rotten, what may we not a^ume to be done in the same direction by the * dealers in cold storage -game? As is well known, immense quantities of game are kept in the cold storage establishment for year, whence the product is removed for consumption as opportunity offers. Anyone whohas ever seen the stuff in mass knows / rj what a disgusting object it sometimes is, and will readily understand that - some of it must be subjected to a rr meat packer's process of renovation before it can be served, even to. tne -v most confiding and. ignorant con sum- * \ er. Of course, much of this cold stor^ age game is eaten by persons who * have game served to them because it is the correct thing, who have a, VT|| notion, too, that game to be game if must be "high," and who eat the bird that is set before them, no matterg$|| j how alarming it may be in color and * 'v||j | flavor. In the light of the Chicago ? j packing house revelations, the con- . I sumer of cold storage game may not _ i unreasonably view the dish with susr ;v*|g plcion, and refrain from it with pn> ' dence.?Forest and Stream. Match Prices Advanced. -3p|J Owing to the troubles in Russia, the ; Austrian manufacturers of matches . | find it impossible to procure the neces| sary quantities of Rdssian poplar wood % ! with which the so-called Swedish j matches are made. A- '''S-'Szm - The largest Austrian match ta&XWfM tories have been obliged to reduce their production on this account As, in addition to this, the cost of other .-^1 i materials required in the manufacture i of matches has increased and the ; - '* ; I workmen demand higher wages than. l formerly, all manufacturers have made.^^fl j an increase of $1.02 per 1,000 sack3 in the price of "Swedish" matches.?N?, Y. Herald. ~ "IT SAVfcl) MY un%m PRAISE FEB A FAMOUS HEBICIRE| ^ Mrs. WllladMn Tells How She Tried lyilt S J E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Jaat la Tine. Mrs. T. C. Willadaen, of Manning, : Iowa, writes to Mrs. Pinkham: Dear Mrs. Pinkham 441 can truly say'that you have sarad my life, and I cannot express my gratitude to you in words. (fiMnT.CWiiladtenfc * vss^a ' tsj&sa,-$s *' Before I wrote, to you, telling you ho/r I felt, I had doctored for over two years steady ;t and spent lots of money on medicines besides, but it all failed to help me. My monthly pe- .. nods had ceased and I suffered much paim with fainting spells, headache, backache and bearing-down pains, and I was so weak I could hardly keep around. As a last resort I decided to write you and tnr Lydin E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, mid I am so x ' % thankful that I did, for after following your Instructions, which you sent me free of all charge, I became regular and in perfect health. Had it not been for you I would be ' in my grave to-day. " I sincerely trust that this letter may lead ;y every suffering woman in the county to write you for help as I did." When women iare troubled with ir- j regular or painful periods, weakness, displacementor ulceration of an organ, c-: that bearing-down feeling, inflammar '% tion, backache, flatulence, general debility, indigestion or nervous proatration, they should remember there is ^ one tried and true remedy. Lydia E. -A Pinkham's Vegetable Compound at once removes such troubles. No other female medicine inthe world has received such widespread and unqualified endorsement. Befuse all sub stitutes. For 25 years Mrs. Pinkham, daughterin-law of Lydia E. Pinkham, has under her direction, and since her decease, j been advising sick women free of charge. Address, Lynn, Mass. DANGER IN BEING A FLATTERER. "What brought you here, my poor ^ man?" asked the prison visitor. "Aw," replied the convict, "jist for * tryin' to flatter a rich man." "The idea!" * "Yes, I jist tried to imitate Ma signature on a check."?Philadelphia Press.