IN THE CUL
ROCK DRILLS AT WORK. (.
6AS0LEKE MOTOR CARS.
A New One Just Finished For the
Union Pacific Road.
ONE of the latest ideas in railway
practice is to have cars
which will rim independently
of a locomotive, and yet will
cot rely on electricity as used by a '
trolley car?that is. taking power from ; ;
a distant station through an overhead j
wire or other metallic conductor. Sev-1 :
eral different methods of driving these ;
cars have been tried. In England j i
steam engines are in favor, on the Con- j <
, tinent of Europe storage batteries have i j
a limited use, and in the United States ! ;
two other systems are being experi- j
mented with. One is very complicated. 1
A combination is made, consisting of a !
gasolene engine, a dynamo (to generate ;
electricity! and a motor (like that on a !
trolley car axie) to use it. This would !
seem a needlessly expensive plan, be-1
cause if the power is to be derived
from a gasolene engine it might be \
thought that the latter alone would be j
enough without any electricity, it is.
asserted, however, that with nothing";
NEW TYPE OF MOTOR CAR JUST
PACIFIC RAIL V
but a gasolene engine the speed cannot
be regulated as perfectly for a railroad :
car as for an automobile, and that the
addition of the electric machinery
makes control of the running easier i
than otherwise. 4 1
Nevertheless, a few companies are
trying to make the gasolene engine <
alone do the work. One of the roads <
on which that plan is being tested is 1
the Union Pacific. The first experi- ]
mental car was built only about two ]
years ago, and several more have since <
been constructed. The latest, No. 7, is
supposed to represent the lessons of
experience derived from the others. '
In size it resembles No. 2, but it has a 1
side entrance, instead of end doors. 1
The roof is twenty-four inches lower
man inose 01 oruinary passeugei
coaches, and a steel frame imparts :
great strength to the car. One of the ;
most noticeable novelties is the <
Mllet of Locmtf,
Locusts are again devastating southern
Algeria. The swarms first made
their appearance a few days ago, and J
now they reach proportions that almost j
defy the imagination. It is not easy ]
to realize to the mind an almost soild ;
phalanx of moving life 123 miles long 1
i>y six miles broad. Unfortunately. ]
the devastation which such myriads ;
of insects must create in vegetation <
is not so difficult to appreciate.
"Wherever the host has passed nothing (
green remains. Even the houses are
becoming uninhabitable. The Oran
province seems doomed for this year.
A Remedy For FaintneM.
Sneezing is the best brain clearer
known. Many persons conclude an
-attack of faintness, or fainting, with
.a violent sneeze. Our ancestors took
snuff from a belief in the efficacy of
sneezing. But tobacco so taken is in
part absorbed into the blood, and hurts
the system, says Home i\*otes. Tick
ling the nostriis with r. feather or
straw will act as well as taking snuff.
Try it when you feel faiut; it caunot
IN THE PUBLIC EYE
Wf , > ' J>^;?.; '^.VV.'' ''" V^B
& lESnW^RmfiRB^v- ' $*+:<
. '' >C;!_ 5 -. - -''/'j^^^S/^
^ f** k
CHARLES E. MAUOOX, \
Governor of tlie Panama Caual Zone.
)N THE PANAMA CANAL.
adoption of a round shape for the
windows. The sashes are said to be
air tight, water tight and dust tight,
and to be an improvement on the
double windows of parlor cars. The
seating capacity of No. 7 is -seventyfive.
The interior is finished in English
oak. The weight is 58,000 pounds,
and the length fifty-five feet. The car
is especially designed for climbing
grades, and is not geared to as high a
speed as some of the previous cars.
According to the Manufacturers' Record,
whose illustration is here reproduced,
the new car was run around the
railroad yard at Omaha for a few days
ifter it was finished to "limber up" the
machinery. Then, about a month ago,
it made a long distance trip. It started
out on the main line westward a short
time after the Overland Limited left
The motor ear gained on the train to
such an extent that at Fremont, fortysix
miles from Omaha, it was held
back six minutes by a block signal.
Owing to a heavy wind and meeting
trains from this time on, the schedule
was not maintained; however, the total
time of the motor car from Omaha to
' COM FLEXED BY THE UNION
PAY AT OMAHA.
Grand Island, 153.G miles, was 5 hours
and 12 minutes, with delays amounting
to 40 minutes on account of orders,
meeting trains, etc. The actual runaiug
time for the 153.6 miles was 4
hours 32 minutes, or 34 miles per hour.
There was no delay whatever on account
of the motor car, and the mailiinarr.
iroo in o 1 m/icf oftiictnnt mntiftn
LUXllCi J ?? UO 1U UlUiVOI. \,VUOluuk iu v v v **
from Omaha to Grand Island. On the
return trip, on April 15, the actual
running time was 4 hours 10 minutes,
>r 36.3 miles per hour. From Elkhorn
to South Omaha, a distance of 24.3
miles was covered in 36 minutes, or <
12 miles per hour. A maximum speed
Df 53 miles per hour was attained on
One of the motor cars built by the
Union Pacific is in operation hetween
Houston and Galveston, Texas. Acetylene
gas is used for lighting these
Equally important with the saving of
life at sea is the rescue erf persons
from burning buildings. When imprisoned
in the upper floors, with the
regular means of exit cut off, it Is often
necessary to resort to extreme
measures. Under the stress of excitement
persons in such a predicament,
especially women and children, lose
their self-control and leap from windows,
regardless of the height from
the ground. The apparatus shown
Iteady For Instant Use.
here was designed especially for such
emergencies, when then, is not sufficient
time to raise the ladders. It
consists of a strong, yet flexible, net.
snnnortpd unon a stout frame. The
entire apparatus is constructed to be
rigidly attached to a wagou, and when
not in use folds up into a small space.
It is operated by means of a crank
and handle, the turning of the latter
sprpading the net out to the right tension.
Obviously, it can be transported
to the exact spot desired, aud persons
unable to escape from the flames
could jump from the windows into
the net with assurauce that they
'would be saved uninjured.
i "Great Scott!" exclaimed the drum- .
! iner who had put up in the old farm
i house over night. "What was that
i noise down below? Football rush?" '
i "Worse than that, stranger," chuckled
the old farmer, as he snuffed out
the candle. "Yeou see, I have eight
darters an' each one of them has a
beau who calls on Thursday nights.
Wall, the first couple that gets the
parlor can have it. That's why they
MARINE NOISE MAKERS.
Tin Horns, Mechanical Fog Horns
and Various Other Modern
Tin horns, such as venders bring
out by the wagon load in the city's
! streets on election night, are stock arI
tides of sale the year around in the
j stores of dealers in marine supplies,
j On every boat bigger than a rowboat
i a noise maker of some sort is as necessary
an item of equipment as the
anchor, to give warning of the vessel's
presence or approach.
Thousands of tin horns of various
sizes are annually sold to fishermen,
oystermen and men using boats, in
many waters, in various pursuits, and
such horns are sold, as well, for boats
used for pleasure. A big horn of this
kind might be heard a mile.
For larger vessels, such as schooners
sailing in open waters and not
equipped with power with which to
blow whistles, there are provided mechanical
fog horns that can be operated
by hand, and that can be heard
three or four miles away.
With the multiplication everywhere
within recent years of pleasure craft
I there have been introduced still othj
er sorts of ncise makers. One of
these is a bellows horn, with the horn
I Attached to the ton board of a trimly
finished bellows of oblong shape, to
j the top board of which also Is attachI
ed a handle. This bellows horn can
j be put down anywhere and operated
| simply by pressure. Though not as
! big as the mechanical fog horn it can
| be heard for a considerable distance.
A still smaller bellows noise maker
has in place of a hern an air whistle.
Another whistle contrivance has a
small upright metal cylinder in which
air is compressed by means of a han;
die worked like a plunger. The whistle
which may be one of a single tone,
or a chime, is attached to the outside
of the cylinder.
Still another modern noise maker
is an air blown whistle with a light
contrivance attached. When the whistle
cord is pulled the light shows as
the whistle blows. Obviously the light
attachment is for use at night to locate
the boat from which the whistle
While these later sound producers,
designed more especially for yachts
and launches and tenders and other
pleasure craft, are rather more elaborate,
they are used for precisely the
same purposes as the old tin horn,
namely, to give warning in case of
fog, for signalling in crowded waterways,
for blowing for landings or for
bridges.?New York Sun.
Famous Actors as Negro Minstrels.
Jefferson said he thought he was
one of the first men to black his face
after the appearance and success of
"Jim Crow" (T. D.) Rice.'
"I suppose," said Mrs. Drew, "there
are very few men in this company
who have not at one time or another
been associated with minstrel performances."
"I played Brudder Jones," said
"Everybody knows I was in the
minstrel business," Goodwin exclaimed.
"Yes," I remarked, "because we
were there together. "Well," joined
In Crane, "I was on the tambourine
end with Campbell's minstrels." 1
remember telling this at Lawrence
Barrett's house at Cohasset, where
the rest of the party consisted of
Edwin Booth and Stuart Robson.
Booth then told how he and J. S.
Clarke were minstrels in their younger
days, and he followed this up by
declaring that he used to "pick a little
on the banjo." I laughed, and
Booth inquired the reason, and I
-J J- J M
HUUKU, UU, LUtlllllg lliuiu, uui; DUUtu
and the banjo seemed such ah odd
combination."?Francis Wilson in
. CLEVER DOCTOR
Cured a 20 Years' Trouble "Without
A wise Indiana physician cured 20
years' stomach disease without any
medicine, as his patient tells:
"I had stomach trouble for 20
years, tried allopathic medicines,
patent medicines and all the simple
remedies suggested by my friends,
but grew worse all the time.
"Finally a doctor who is the most
prominent physician in this part of
the State told me medicine would do
me no good only irritating my stomach
and making it worse?that I
must look to diet and quit drinking
"I cried out in alarm, 'Quit drinking
coffee!' w'hy, 'What will I drink?'
" 'Try Postum,' said the doctor; 'I
drink it and you will like it when it
is made according to directions, with
cream, for it is delicious and has
none of the bad effects coffee has."
"Well, that was two years ago, and
I am still drinking Postum. My
stomach is right again and I know
Doctor hit the nail on the head when
he decided coffee was the cause of
all my trouble. I only wish I had quit
it years ago and drank Postum in its
place." Name given by Postum Co.,
Battle Creek, Mich.
Never too late to mend. Ten days'
trial of Postum in place of coffee
works wonders. There's a reason.
Look in pkgs. for the famous little
book, "The Road to Wellville." .
A LOTUS LAND IS SWITZERLAND, THE
BEAUTIFUL AND WELL 80VESNED.
? -> - .
the Country Something Els? Than a
Population of Clean Peasants an?l Kich
MIV:?One of the Kent Holed Nations
In tli? World?It 1b All Done Onietly
and Without'Baubles?The Bu?iness11k?
Swiss Spring?Even It "Knows Its
[CLAREXCE ROOK IX THE LOXDOX CHRONICLE]
OF .ill the countries in the world,
surely Switzerland is the most
businesslike. No one can conquer
and anuex Swwitzerkind;
but that is Switzerland's affair. It
does not parade its internal organization,
though, from a close inspection of
the official notices on public buildings,
one may gather that every Swiss from
youth to middleageis required to prac+
chnnlinnr an/1 +bnf if trmihlp firflSP
UUV4 W A ft. Vfc VWVV M. ?M?|
tliese William Tells of a later day
would lie behind the shoulder of an imminent
avalanche and pick the apple
from the invader's eye.
But the ordinary visitor to Switzerland
is only dimly conscious of being
in a well-governed country. Vaguely
he knows that Geneva watches are famous,
that Swiss milk is on the world's
market, that the native population
seems well fed, well dressed and remarkably
clean, as compared with the
English peasant, who never washes
his hands, but "when they gets 'ard,
I iles 'em." And in a moment of reflection
he may realize that this is
not a nation composed exclusively of
hotel managers, waiters, porters and
the rest of the people that smooth their
manners to make the tourist's path
By some extraordinary combination
of circumstances a motley gathering of
Italians, Germans and French, Protestants
and Roman Catholics, Conservatives,
Liberals, Socialists, Anarchists,
waiters, peasants and statesmen,
have combined to form the most patriotic
community in the world.
In the last weeks I have had to reconstruct
my ideas of patriotism while
loitering about the shores of Lake
Leman and talking and mixing all the
languages of which I have a smattering,
not excepting an artful adaptation
of the ancient Greek of Oxford to the
modern Greek of Athens. No doubt
the late Mr. Buckle would have called
Swiss patriotism geographical. Thucydides
gave the hint when he touched
the phrase that may be translated
"community of interests." Switzerland
has that "community of interests," and
to the ordinary tourist who spins down
to Dover, lunches on beef and pickles
as a Briton* should, upon a turbine
steamer, dines in Paris, and- breakfasts
upon rolls, butter, coffee (such
coffee!), and honey in Geneva the wonder
How is this managed? The question
went round the dinner table at Geneva.
What is the name of the king, premier,
president or ruler of this happy country?
No one knew. The thing is done
without fuss or tumult, without crowns
and robes and baubles. It was only
when the Anglo-Indian shouted for a
waiter that the whisper was given?
the name of the gentleman who happened
this year to be the head of the
Very businesslike is the Swiss Republic.
. It has arranged its seasons.
In winter you may skate, toboggan
and enjoy many winter sports, or lie
in pure mountain air and get rid of
tuberculosis affections. In summer
you may crowd Lucerne and hang in
bunches over Zermatt on the ends of
ropes?guaranteed not to snap. But
Switzerland has another line under the
counter. It has a spring season?and it
smooths the way. Gently it invites
you to the shores of Lake Leman?with
promises of flowers and the protection
of mountains that ward off the horrid
.winds from north and east.
From the very first the way is
smoothed, for yoU may fill your pockets
with a tourist agency's hotel coupons,
and wave them languidly as you
dodder round the lake from Geneva to
Evian and back again, I was rather
nervous about these coupons, fearing
that the hoteikeeper would complain
that I was not playing the game. For
me?I stood on velvet. There was my
food and lodging at so much per day, j
and the only exertion demanded was to
tear a bit of paper from a little boon.
But tbe Swiss Republic is businesslike;
the hotelkeeper knows that he
can m^ke his profit out of the luxuries
of life when the necessities are provided.
I hear him murmuring, "The
little more, and how much it is!" And
the traveler departs without murmuring.
since he knows that the necessaries
of life are in his breast-pocket
Switzerland knows well enough that
the spring visitors to the lake are not
Intent upon climbing, or, indeed, upon
any physical exertion that can be reasonably
avoided. There is just the !
hint of peaks to be surmounted, and
from the middle of the Pont du Mt.
Blanc at Geneva the old gentleman on
crutches surveys the snowy summit he
has no hope of reaching. He is a type
of the spring visitors to the Lake of
Geneva (which you may call alternately
the Lake Leman.) We lounge
on deck chairs before the hotel at Lausanne
and comment on the extreme
blueness of the lake, while one or two
rememuer vuui jl^liuuh ^icn anuvoi
I furious at its blueness, and insisted
j upon a cross-examination. But we do
I not worry ourselves as to why the lake
is blue. We place ourselves upon a
comfortable steamer and contemplate
it. The comfort is increased by the
sight of the jagged horror of the Dent
du Midi?crowned with snow?and the
steward tells a complicated story of a
salamander in an icebox. It appeals
to the visitors who are practical?and
retain the touch of idealism. As we
louifge about the shores of the lake, or
skirt it in steamboats, wa walcoma t'">
contrast between the chilly fastnesses
and the warmth about us.
And the Swiss spring! Still Switzerland
is most businesslike. It invitesyou
to witness the final bout between
the seasons, when the snow retreats
and the flowers wiD. Just now you
may dig a stick into the melting snow
upon the heights above Montreux, and
discover the triumphant blossoms that
lmve been waiting for the moment,of
release. Thousands of feet above the
level of the sea! But Switzerland, the
businesslike, has arranged for all that.
It is scarcely necessary to set one foot
before another. l"ou may be dragged
by all kinds of mechanical transport
aloft.' Even as you tremble at the
transit of the funicular railway that
takes you from Terrltet to Caux aud
will finally convey .you to Lea Avants
and the neighborhood of eternal snows,
you will see the flowers, tenderly truculent,
thrusting their heads through the
stone walls that border the ascent
Frinted notices implore you not to
stretch out a hand and pluck them.
One might as well pluck water lilies
from the Thames. Both acts were
murder of the first degree.
Cnnfamnlotmor tha haiffhfo Ilrifltf
WU IUL MWiQUhW MMV*
on the level we are a polyglot crowd
in the hotel, and most of us are here
upon a hint from some doctor or other.
Medical reputations are here spun upon
the point of an epigram. There are
Russians and French and Germans, a
sprinkling of Americans, a few English
and a Persian. But the central
figure is the Anglo-Indian, who has
been imprisoned here by ?doctor's orders
for several months. He knows all
the people in the hotel?their past and
their symptoms. Every evening after
dinner, while the lake lies in glory
and Mont Blanc is catching the final
reflex of the sun, he spreads his cards
for a game of Patience. The nations
of the earth gather about him, and
give advice in many tongues. Those
who speak in many languages shout in
all of them. Especially the amazing
girl who seems to talk all languages in
one sentence?all but Hindustani,
which is the final refuge of the AngloIndian.
There was a move of the
cards. And the girl broke out:
"No, no! Tenez! Tenez! You break
me the head! Sie Gehen zu Schnell!
Ah! la! la! So!"
Then the hotel proprietor, having
stolen up unobserved, remarked in half
a dozen languages that the move was
right, and the Anglo-Indian went to
bed with the happiness of a triumph.
They know their business?-in Switzei*
DIFFUSION OF METALS
Solid Gold Sends Its Atoms Through Unm
el ted Lead.
According to an officiai of the Geological
Survey, very wonderful experiments
hovo hoen m.iflp in TPPPnt Tears
with reference to the "diffusion of solid
metals." It has been proved, for instance,
that gold, without being melted,
will diffuse its atoms through a mass
of solid lead. Of course, the amount
of the diffusion is very slight, but it is
In some of the experiments cylinders
of lead about two and three-quarter
inches in length, with gold placed at
the bottom, were kept at a high temperature,
but not high enough tc melt
either of the metals for various periods
of time. In three days enough gold
had passed upward through the solid
lead to be detected at the top of the
cylinders. Gold and lead kept pressed
together for* four days, without being
heated above ordinary temperatures,
were strongly united.
Solid gold also diffuses in solid silver
and solid copper.
These facts are regarded as confirmation
of the view long held in certain
quarters that the three conditions of]
matters, solid, liquid and gaseous, probably
always exist in every liquid or
solid substance, but that one predomr
inates over the others.
No Better Place.
A young editor of a country weekly
who thought himself possessed of a
high order of talent was lamenting his
narrow fate one day to a lady who was
# llforoyrr ahilitT. T1 flT
Oi UCixiiU >Y ICUJjCu. UIHUIJ uv...v,
rates the Jefferson County (Wis.)
Union. "If I only had a city paper to
write for," said he, "how much better
could I do. I would then have an audience
appreciative of my talent."
The lady looked at liim for a moment
and said: "My dear sir, you are making
a most serious mistake. If you have
talent and are ambitious of distinction,
why don't you give evidence of it in
the columns of your own paper? Tour
audience is appreciative enough if you
will but give them something to appreciate."
There Is no better place for
iirst class editorial-wbrk than the coun*
try newspaper, and it is a pity that the
men who control its columns do not
see that it is the actor, not the theatre,
that marks the character of the play
and in reality attracts the audience.
Fattened Oyster* Dangerous.
When oysters * are removed from
more saline water to that which is less
salt, says Dr. William K. Brooks, pro
* J- fnlint Tlontins
lessor 01 zoology ili iuc iivuuo uvfMuw
University, who has made the oyster
a life study, they absorb water quickly,
and become plump, or "fat," but the
fatness is nothing but water. The
"fattening" is usually carried on in the
mouths of rivers, which are always
near towns and polluted by sewage.
Every "fattened" Oyster is too suspicious
to be eaten .raw, and the outbreaks
of typhoid fever which have
been traced to oysters most clearly have
been traced to "fattened" oysters. All
the fresh water that a "fattened"
oyster has absorbed is at once extracted
by cooking, so that the "fattening"
j of oysters that are to be cooked is
! not only an unnecessary expense, but a
[ fraud on the consumer, who is sold
! filthy water from the harbors of cities
I at the price of oysters.?New York
WHEAT FIJIKE iBtLERY
Is a very nourishing food; in fact,
an article of diet so nutritious in ,
itself, would support life. On it
you can feed with profitandwith J
* " * _ . ']? l.l ? _
i pleasure. Palatable and easy of %
i digestion. g ,
10 cents a packaged
For sale by all Grocers
Cold Storage Game.
I The startling disclosures of the
practices of the meat packers may f?
well give pause to the consumer? of
cold storage game. If it be the common
practice of the packers of beef , ,
and mutton and pork and sausage and
canned chicken to use deadly* chemicals
for preserving the meats, for restoring
the eolor of diseased flesh and
neutralizing the odors of that which is
rotten, what may we not a^ume to be
done in the same direction by the *
dealers in cold storage -game? As is
well known, immense quantities of
game are kept in the cold storage establishment
for year, whence the
product is removed for consumption
as opportunity offers. Anyone whohas
ever seen the stuff in mass knows / rj
what a disgusting object it sometimes
is, and will readily understand that -
some of it must be subjected to a rr
meat packer's process of renovation
before it can be served, even to. tne -v
most confiding and. ignorant con sum- * \
er. Of course, much of this cold stor^
age game is eaten by persons who *
have game served to them because
it is the correct thing, who have a, VT||
notion, too, that game to be game if
must be "high," and who eat the bird
that is set before them, no matterg$||
j how alarming it may be in color and * 'v||j
| flavor. In the light of the Chicago ?
j packing house revelations, the con- .
I sumer of cold storage game may not _
i unreasonably view the dish with susr ;v*|g
plcion, and refrain from it with pn> '
dence.?Forest and Stream.
Match Prices Advanced. -3p|J
Owing to the troubles in Russia, the
; Austrian manufacturers of matches .
| find it impossible to procure the neces|
sary quantities of Rdssian poplar wood %
! with which the so-called Swedish
j matches are made. A- '''S-'Szm
- The largest Austrian match ta&XWfM
tories have been obliged to reduce
their production on this account As,
in addition to this, the cost of other .-^1
i materials required in the manufacture
i of matches has increased and the ; - '* ;
I workmen demand higher wages than.
l formerly, all manufacturers have made.^^fl
j an increase of $1.02 per 1,000 sack3 in
the price of "Swedish" matches.?N?,
Y. Herald. ~
"IT SAVfcl) MY un%m
PRAISE FEB A FAMOUS HEBICIRE| ^
Mrs. WllladMn Tells How She Tried lyilt S J
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound Jaat
Mrs. T. C. Willadaen, of Manning, :
Iowa, writes to Mrs. Pinkham:
Dear Mrs. Pinkham
441 can truly say'that you have sarad my
life, and I cannot express my gratitude to
you in words.
vss^a ' tsj&sa,-$s
*' Before I wrote, to you, telling you ho/r I
felt, I had doctored for over two years steady ;t
and spent lots of money on medicines besides,
but it all failed to help me. My monthly pe- ..
nods had ceased and I suffered much paim
with fainting spells, headache, backache and
bearing-down pains, and I was so weak I
could hardly keep around. As a last resort
I decided to write you and tnr Lydin E. Pinkham's
Vegetable Compound, mid I am so x ' %
thankful that I did, for after following your
Instructions, which you sent me free of all charge,
I became regular and in perfect
health. Had it not been for you I would be '
in my grave to-day.
" I sincerely trust that this letter may lead ;y
every suffering woman in the county to
write you for help as I did."
When women iare troubled with ir- j
regular or painful periods, weakness,
displacementor ulceration of an organ, c-:
that bearing-down feeling, inflammar '%
tion, backache, flatulence, general debility,
indigestion or nervous proatration,
they should remember there is ^
one tried and true remedy. Lydia E. -A
Pinkham's Vegetable Compound at once
removes such troubles.
No other female medicine inthe world
has received such widespread and unqualified
endorsement. Befuse all sub
For 25 years Mrs. Pinkham, daughterin-law
of Lydia E. Pinkham, has under
her direction, and since her decease, j
been advising sick women free of
charge. Address, Lynn, Mass.
DANGER IN BEING A FLATTERER.
"What brought you here, my poor ^
man?" asked the prison visitor.
"Aw," replied the convict, "jist for *
tryin' to flatter a rich man."
"The idea!" *
"Yes, I jist tried to imitate Ma
signature on a check."?Philadelphia
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