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*- Jr!*. - :^.J, i-S > ?lje lamberg ijeralb Established 1891 BAMBERG, S. C., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1907 One Dollar^ Year IN THE PALMETTO STATE SOME OCCURRENCES OF VARIOUS KINDS IN SOUTH AROLINA. State News Boiled Down For Quick Reading?Paragraphs About Men and Happenings. , The next annual conference of the South Carolina Methodists will be held in Laurens next year. A negro child about four years old was burned to death in Columbia Tuesday, while playing in front of the fire. The preachers of the South Carolina Methodist conference subscribed $1,000 for the support of a missionary in foreign fields. It is said that the Methodists of the State generally are not pleased at the many changes made by Bishop Morrison, but it will all work out right in the end. ' >? -*- 1 3 rne county dispensary uuaru ux Aiken county has decided to establish a dispensary at North Augusta. The people of that town are bitterly opposed to the institution being located ithere. A prohibition meeting was held in Sumter last Monday, and the movement to vote the dispensaries out of that county was started. Ehthusiastic speeches were made by i several prominent gentlemen. While a crowd of negroes were gamblingin Newberry county last Sunday, a dispute arose between several of them, which resulted in r John Mitchell shooting and killing Herbert Livingston. Mitchell has not been arrested. Stevens Hammond, a farmer of Edgefield, county, was found dead in the road near his residence early Tuesday morning. He left Edgefield on horseback late in the afternoon ^ and was not heard of until his body was found! His death is unexplained. A negro boy about ten years old was burned to death on the plantation of J. M. Smith near Waterloo, Laurens county, Monday night. His clothing caught from some newspapers he had before the fire. He ran out of the house through a cotton patch as soon as he found he was on fire, and was literally burned to I- death. ' ^' | Home Mission items. The November meeting of the Bamberg auxiliary was one of the most largely attended in the history of the organization. Let us keep this up?it is a joy to the heart of the president, to know and feel that her leadership** appreciated. At the iiecent annual meeting at \ Manning when the officers were being elected; Miss Bennett called attention to the fact that the majority of those women holding important offices, are the wives or daughters of ministers; and emphatically stated that it should not be thus. What is the trouble, sisters? Is it for the reason that the wives of preachers have more money and more time, and more mental abilities to bestow on God's workS It is not so?let each I member of the Bamberg auxiliary 9ll8WCf una l|UCOWVU 1U1 UViObU) uuw pray that in the future we who are not from a minister's family may not be so glaringly conspicuous, by our I absence, from a place in the foremost of the fight. Let us be ready to serve when called?even to fail for His sake, if necessary. Train Passes Under River. New Yori^, Nov. 27.?The first! train from New York to Brooklyn through the tunnel under the East River was run toklay. The trip from the Bowling Green station, Manhattan, to the Borough Hall station, * Brooklyn, was made slowly, but the return required only 7? minutes. By the time trains are running regular ly, which President Vreeland said would be January, the company hopes to cross tiie river in less than four| minutes^ Only oxte tube of the tunnel was in . use to-da?, out the other will be comv pleted soon. The tunnel, which is considered one ef the finest of its kind in the world, ^ ? - a rm_ ^ was begun December iy, iwz. me difficulties were enormous and at one time some engineers even advocated abandoning-the whole project. The undercover section of the tunnel is 4,365 f$et long, to which are added several thousand feet by the Manhattan and'Brooklyn extensions, where the tupnel really becomes a subway. :. / ^ -.ffiv Two Post Offices Robbed. f Spartanburg, Dec. 3.?The postoffice at Pelzer was entered by burglars early today and the safe blown open by dynamite and robbed of $1,600 in cash and stamps. This is the third safe robbed in this section dur! ing the past three weeks. A special from Williamston says that burglars entered the postoffice at that place last night, blew open , the safe and secured $700 in cash. The safe was wrecked by the explosion. Williamston is two miles I from Pelzer. . * NEGRO HANGED AT ST. GEORGE. Luke Chlsholm Pays Death Penalty for Killing Robert Graham. St. George, Nov. 29.?The first hanging in Dorchester County occurred to-day when Luke Chisholm paid the penalty of death for the murder of Robert Graham, in Summerville, last August. At the term of Court here in 0c-<, tober Luke Chisholm was found guilty of murder and sentenced to be' 'hanged his neck till his body be dead, on the 29th day of November." From the rising of the Court till this morning just before Chisholm was taken to the scaffold, the ministers of his race have been untiring.in their efforts to save his soul, and befnro fho hlaplr pan WAS ad lusted to close his vision of things of this life, he testified that his soul was saved as he has often done since sentence of death was passed upon him. He told the spectators that he was ready and willing to die and that whiskey was the cause of his filling a felon's grave. He asked that all would look upon him and take a lesson as to the evil of strong drink and the degralation it would bring tipon a man. Then the black cap was adjusted over his head, his feet and hands securely tied, the noose put around his neck and at 11.15 Sheriff Limehouse cut the rope which sprung the trap door, and Chisholm's body was swung in midair till 11.38, when the attending physician pronounced him , dead. His body was taken down and placed in a coffin to be taken in charge by u: uis ptrupie. A very large number of people were in town to witness the execution; but under the law only a certain number were permitted to see it. There were numbers on ; the outside of the jail yard, who never gained admittance. This has closed the chapter of one ( of the worst murders ever committed in this county. Death of/Irs. Bessinger. I am profoundly pained to write of ' the death of Mrs. Mary W. Bessinger, . wife of Junior A. Bessinger, and . daughter of Mr. and Mrs. A. J. Hunter, which occurred on night of ; November 28th, of hemorrhagic fever. How feeble are words to carry consolation to hearts bereaved of a beloved wife, daughter, and sister, i A tender, clinging vine, interwoven i mamnmoc frATKl +Vl?> KftllP Ill OVfCCV 111CU1V/1 1W) UV1U vuv the angel first gave her to her home. , A gentle spirit of light that flitted in ! and out like a gleam of sunshine. No one can fill her place in the vacant chair; no one will take her place in ; our hearts, and we would not have , the void filled, even if we could. It will be a sacred thought in the thought in years to come to hus- . band, parents and friends, that she , shed radiance in the home as long as 1 she did. It will be a blessed recollection that she grew up to love and ( be loved by those who ever so tender- , ly cherished her sweet and pure | memory; whose death has despoiled j her home of happiness, and heaped upon us a burden of anguish which seems insupportable. The fair flower' thus plucked in the freshness of its exquisite bloom is not doomed to ! wither, but is borne away to take its * glace in the bouquet that Christ . olds, and which fills all heaven with eternal perfume. "Suffer little chil- 1 dren to come unto me" is the wel- 1 coming voice that rings through the ages like sweet bells of consolation; J the eyes that were closed by the angel of night are opened wide again by . the shining spirit of resurrection, and now look down upon us like stars out * of the dark firmament, waiting and beckoning to sorrowing husband, J brother and sisters, as well as papa j and mama. May God give them the , grace and strength to bow with res- : ignation before the stroke that has fallen so heavily, is the prayer of A Brother in Sorrow. i Nominated for Mayor. Newberry, November 29.?The second primary was held here to-day " to nominate a candidate for mayor. < Hie race was between J. J. Langford and H. H. Evans, and was spirited, ; though good natured. In the first i primary on Tuesday Mr. Langford i had a lead on Mr. Evans of 31 votes. He defeated Mr. Evans to-day by a majority of 34 votes. The total vote i was 687, just 11 votes less than on Tuesday. Mr. Langford is a young business man and has been alderman from : his ward for several years. Dies from Antitoxine Dose. ' Laurens, Dec. 2.?To-day at noon the whole city was startled by the announcement of the sudden death of Mr. William Pierce Caine at his home on south Harper street. Mr. Caine's death was due to the effects of antitoxine administered by his physician. Mr. Caine had a child very sick with diphtheria and on yesterday 3000 1 units of antitoxine were given the patient. To-day Mr. and Mrs. Caine were given a prophylactic dose of 1,000 units each. TTiat administered Mr. Caine brought on a convulsion immediately and he expired within a short time. Such effects from antitoxine are rare. COUNTRY NEWS LETTERS SOME INTERESTING HAPPENINGS IN VARIOUS SECTIONS. News Items Gathered All Around the County and Elsewhere. Ehrhardt Etchings. Ehrhardt, Dec. 2.?Mrs. J. A. Chassereau spent some time early last week with her daughter, Mrs B. R. Loadholt. Friday afternoon she returned home, accompanied by Mr. B. R. Loadholt and family, who in turn spent a few days with Mr. J. A. Chassereau, returning home on Sunday. Mr. J. A. Chassereau and Mr. J. W. Priester went fishing last week. Caught a nice string of trout. Onifp a r>rnwH of our citizens went down to Walterboro on Friday morning to attend the trial of Mr. Raymond Ehrhardt for the killing of Joe Cook. The case was called as soon as court convened, and the evidence was taken on Friday. On Saturday the attorneys argued the case. At one o'clock the jury brought in their verdict, justifying the act- of Raymond Ehrhardt in killing Joe Cook. All returned to Ehrhardt with Raymond Ehrhardt. All of his many friends congratulated him from , Walterboro to Ehrhardt, as he came j home. ( Mr. W. P Pate has the job of firing , on the freight engine from Ehrhardt ] to Greenpond. Says he likes the job ] very well. ] A few are boiling syrup, but most 1 of the farmers are through with this . work and are sowing oats. ' Saturday was a busy day with cot- ] ton at Ehrhardt. Quite a number of ( bales changed hands at good prices, . from 10? to lOf cents per pound. Collections are very slow with our merchants, and it seems to be a hard question to solve what to do in 1908. i Our farmers are holding off, as i they say they don't know what next ] year will bring forth. Labor is so j high and indifferent until they can't ; do anything farming to make any , headway hiring them. Most of the \ saw mills have shut down, and those i that are running are not making ex- 1 penses. What's going to become of ] Dur various industries? The tight j money has something to do with all j of them. I Mr. Bruce, of Bamberg, went to ] Walterboro with the crowd from , here. He is as jolly as ever. ] Miss Donie Chassereau came home i Saturday afternoon, after spending a ] week with her parents. j Prof. T. D. Jones and family and Miss L. F. Epps, his assistant teacher, wentto Bamberg Friday afternoon on a visit to Mrs. G. L. Kinard. Re- 3 turned Sunday afternoon. Miss Elizabeth Roberts spent 1 Thanksgiving with her parents. She < will return to her school in Columbia today. ? Posters are up for a show in town ' yn thp 7th of December. It is asmall 1 3how, but the children are talking about saving their nickels to go and < see the sights. Jee. ] Items from St. Johns. ] We are progressing nicely in our : school and are looking forward to a successful year. J Mr. M. A. Kinard and daughters, 1 Misses Dora and Lizzie, of this section, went to Walterboro last Tues- ' fay. ] Mr. Henry Herndon,' of Bamberg, was visiting Mr. J. A. Peters last 1 Monday. ' We are sorry to learn of Mrs Henry i Bisho'ps illness, and hope she will 1 soon recover. 1 Miss Rena Kinard, of St. Johns, was visiting friends in Orangeburg I last week. Master Clyde Herndon and Miss j Ruth Bishop were absent from school last week on account of sickness. Messrs. C. L. Brant and A. M. 1 Kinard spent last Tuesday at Mr. H. J. Ritter's, on a bird hunt with Mr. ! W. H. Ritter, of which they reported a good time and plenty of game. Mr. G. F. Hiers and little daugh- ( ter, Edith, were in Bamberg one day past week. Messrs. Bob Delk, William Fender, 1 and friend, of the Carlisle Fitting 1 school, were visiting friends and relatives in this vicinity last Saturday. Messrs. Ernest and Perry Hiers, of Bamberg, were at home for a few ' days Thanksgiving. The sugar boiling and candy pullmo at Mr. Henrv BishoD's was at- ' tended by a wagon-load of our young 1 folks, who had a merry time. An entertainment was given at 1 the home of Mr. G. F. Hiers last j Saturday evening, which was greatly enjoyed by the guests. Richard Carter, St. Johns Graded School. \ New Advertisements. County Dispensary Board?Notice J to Liquor Dealers. J. M. Dannelly & Co.?Going at Cost. i W. A. Klauber?Special Offerings i for the Week. Shuptrine Co.?Tetterine. ] H. W. Beard?Bargains at Beard's. Scott & Silverlake's Big Shows? ; Coming. J. J. Smoak?Livery Stable. i * BOTTLE BATTLE SUSPENDED. Money Situation Causes Cessation of Hostilities in Abbeville. Abbeville, Nov. 29.?W. 0. Sturkey, of McCormick, who has been at the head of a movement to vote the dispensary at Abbeville out of existence, has a card in today's McCormick paper saying that "Owing to the financial situation during the past four weeks it has been impossible to secure the interest and attention necessary to success of our fight against the dispensary." He promises, however, to renew the effort next year unless the Legislature gives us State prohibition. The people in this city do not understand just how short money affects the interest and attention of people engaged in a great moral enterprise. What is a Baby? Just before the baby show begun today a number of bachelors, among them two lawyers, were talking about babies. One of them had never had any experience with them at allhad never lived in the house where there was one since he could remember; another declared his friend's experience was a fortunate one?"because they're a nuisance" he said. "No, they are not a nuisance," said another. "They are tyrants." "They make a woman forget everything else." "They're all right." These were some of the expressions, and how divergent in opinion. But the best definition of a baby was given by a married man who came up while the discussion was underway, and he declared that "Babies are the coupons 3f interest on the bonds of matrimony." A pretty good" definition, don't you think??Greenville Piedmont. Boy Badly Burned. Newberry, Nov. 27?Will Burton, the eight-year-old son of Tom Burton, was badly burned this afternoon and may die. Tom Burton runs a travelling gin and was ginning cotton in - A n TTT town at the residence oi Mr. kj. w. Jacobs. Will was carrying1 lint cotton from the gin to the press and svas surrounded by the lint cotton in the alley between the gin and the press when a spark from the engine ignited the cotton and it flashed up in a blaze like powder and enveloped the negro boy in flames. Mr. Jacobs lad 18 bales of cotton packed in the pard and some seven not ginned. Fortunately the fire was controlled and very little damage done. The t>oy was badly burned on the body and in the face, and may die. Fitting School Notes. Capt. P. S. Conner spent the latter part of the week at home. r\ S TTT n TT 3 J 3 rroi. YV. b. nogan conuucieu serrices at the Baptist church on Sunlay morning. Cadet R. D. Guilds, Misses Estelle Jones and Leoline McGowan spent rhanksgiving at Orangeburg with friends. Miss Pritchie Shuler, spent several lays with Miss Edna Chitty at the atter's home. Cadet R. H. Ott spent a portion of last week with Cadet W. H. Fender it the latter's home. Prof. W. S. Slogan had his mother and brother to spend Thanksgiving with him. Cadets Percy and Ernest Hiers 3pent several days'at home with parents. Prof. J. C. Guilds lectured at Denmark on Thursday night. Thanksgiving was thoroughly enjoyed by all the students. Most of the rules were suspended and they enjoyed freedom of speech and actions once more. The cadets were pleased to have Misses Annie Laurie Rice, Flossie Murdaugh, Nina Dantzler and Eunice Parker enjoy their rhanksgiving dinner with them, while several of the cadets took supper with the girls. Miss Jennie Herren spent several lavs with Miss Sudie Ritter at the latter's home. Cadet B. A. Weinberg spent several days at his home in Manning. What a record the senior class is making! It is the only class in which all its members were present on Friday and Saturday. Some very strenuous efforts are being put forth on the lessons now. Examinations are near, and all must do their best. Owing to the coming of the circus to Bamberg on Friday, Dec. 6, the cadets have postponed their minstrel show until Monday, evening, Dec. 9. But come out then at 8 o'clock and enjoy yourself. The practice is still going on and everything points toward a fine entertainment for all who participate in the occasion. T ? T> r?Atr lYliss deimie j_>. oiuiucis spun several days last week out of town with her cousin, Miss Kate Felder. Mr. Johnnie Jones, who is attending the 0. C. I. at Orangeburg, spent Friday and Saturday with friends at the C. F. S. Owing to the absence of so many Dfficers, the K. L. S. adjourned their meeting on Saturday night. Cadets J. C. Ellen and Henry Lucas took in the ball at Denmark on Thursday night. Miss Katherine Muller spent the latter part of the week with her sister, Miss Ida Muller, who is teaching 3chool at Killian, S. C. . ROTATION FOR METHODISTS WHERE THE PREACHERS WILL LABOR NEXT YEAR. Numerous Changes Made?Rev. Peter Stokes Goes to Trinity Church, Charleston. | The assignment of the Methodist preachers to fields of labor for 1908 was made Monday night, and are as follows: ANDERSON DISTRICT. Presiding elder, A J Cauthen St. John's, P B Wells West End, J M Lawson Orrville, S C Morris Antreville, William Ruff Clemson College. J H Graves Donalds, F W Henry Lowndesville, 0 M Abney McCormick, J M Friday Mt. Carmel, J W Bailey Pelzer, E P Green Pendleton, J F Anderson Starr, G F Harmon, Jr Walhalla and Seneca, J C Younge C D Mann, supernumeraay Townville, C L McCain Walhalla mission, J S Snighton Westminster, R R Doyle Williamston circuit, R C Boulware Williamston and BeltonR, C Holroyd G T Harmon, supernumerary. CHARLESTON DISTRICT. Presiding elder, W I Herbert Allendale Station, H B Browne Appleton, J E Peeler Beaufort and Port Royal, A B Watson Bethel circuit, C W Burgess Black Swamp, J E Beard Charleston?Bethel, M W Hook Trinity, Peter Stokes Spring Street, G P Watson PnmVuarlunfl S T P!rp<vh Mt. Pleasant, to be supplied Ehrhardt, T L Belvin Hampton, J W Elkins Hendersonville, J M Collins Ridgeland, J R Copeland Round 0, T D Vaughan Smoaks, J S Sojourner South Hampton, W D Patrick Walterboro, J L Daniel Young's Island, B G Vaughan COKESBURY DISTRICT. Presiding elder, J C Roper Abbeville, JW Ariail Butler, W P Way Cokesbury, F E Dibble ' Greenwood?Main Street, M B Kelley Greenwood and Abbeville mills, G R Whitaker Kinards, D P Boyd Newberry?Central, J W Wolling O'Neal Street and Mollohon, J T Miller Newberry circuit, A H Best Ninety-Six, E T Hodges Parksville, E F Scroggins PViApniv .T E Strickland Prosperity, H W Whitaker Princeton, J L Ray Verdery, W E Wiggins Waterloo, 0 L Durant Whitmire, F M Speer Lander College, J 0 Willson COLUMBIA DISTRICT. Presiding elder, J W Daniel Aiken, W J Snyder Batesburg, J S Beasley Bath, W S Myers Columbia?Washington Street, H W Bays Main Street, A N Brunson Green Street, B R Turnipseed Granby, L L Bedenbaugh Brookland, J K McCain Edgewood, C E Peel Edgefield, L D Gillespie Fairfield, J I Spinks Gilbert, 0 N Roundtree Graniteville, J N Wright Johnston, B G Guess Leesville, M M Brabham Lexington, A L Leslie Lexington Fork, J C Holley North Augusta, J L Stokes Ridgeway, J R Inabinet Wagener, D R Ruff Langley, E A Wayne Columbia College, W W Daniel Epworth Orphanage, W B Wharton Payne College (Augusta, Ga.) G W Walker Assistant Sunday School Editor, L F Beatty Conference Missionary Secretaries, H B Browne and P F Kilgo, (reappointed) FLORENCE DISTRICT. Presiding elder, P F Kilgo Bennettsville, R E Turnipseed Bennettsville circuit, W P Meadows Bennettsville and Berea, W Quick Brightsville, J B Ingraham Cartersville, H Etheridge Cheraw, B G Murphy Cheraw circuit, r s hook Chesterfield, J J Stephenson Clyde, J B Welldon Darlington, Trinity, M L Banks Darlington circuit, JRT Major Florence, R H Jones Hartsville, A T Dunlap Jefferson, W H Perry Lamar, J L Tyler Liberty, D H Everett Marlboro, R A Rouse McColl Station, G C Leonard South Florence, W C Gleaton Timmonsville, E W Watson greenville district. Presiding elder, W M Duncan Clinton, W H Hodges Easley, C B Burns Fountain Inn, G H Waddell (continued on page 5.) EHRHARDT SCHOOL COLUMN. This Column is Furnished by Pupfls of Ehrhardt Graded School, Under the Supervision of T. D. Jones Mr. and Mrs. W. R. Copeland went to Bamberg last Wednesday. Mesdames J. M. Bishop and J. W. Goodson spent last Wednesday eventing at the home of Mr F. E. Copeland. Messrs. G. L. Bishop, J. C. Copeland, C. F. Rentz and Willie Copeland went to Bamberg Wednesday. Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Bishop spent Thanksgiving with their daughter, Mrs. J. W. Goodson. Mr. C. A. Thomas went to Mr. Calvin Fender's last Thursday. There was a Thanksgiving picnic at Colston church last Thursday. The passenger coach of the freight' train caught fire last Wednesday niVht about 12 o'clock. It was dis covered by Mr. Ehrhardt's night watchman, who gave the alarm by blowing the saw mill whistle. A crowd of men soon gathered at the lire, and foiled the coach a roaring mass of flames. By using Mr. Ehrhardt's water hose the fire was soon extinguished, and what might have been a serious fire averted. Mr. and Mrs. T. D. Jones and little son, Earle, and Miss Leila Epps, spent last Friday night and Saturday in Bamberg, at the home of Mr. 6. L. Kinard. Mrs. H. C. Kirkland is spending this week with her mother, Mrs. W. \ E. Sease. v. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Loadholdt and little daughter, Geneva, ""spent last Sunday at the home of Mr. J. F. Copeland. Mr. Loadholdt returned home the same day, but Mrs. Loadholdt and little daughter spent sev erai days last wet: is. m mc wuuuuuibjr, visiting relatives and friends. Mr. I. W. Carter attended court at Walterboro last week. Mr. E. P. Copeland met with a painful accident last Friday by having his arm caught in the machinery of Mr. Ehrhardt's cotton ginnery. No bones, however, were broken, and he is suffering only from the \bruises sustained. Mr. M. A. Kinard and daughters, Miss Lizzie Kinard and Mrs. Willie Chassereau, went to Walterboro last | Tuesday. Mr. Henry Herndon, of Midway, spent last Monday evening at the home of Mr. G. F. Kinard. Mr. G. F. Lightsey was in town last Monday. Mr. C. F. Rentz, of the Oak Grove \ section, was in town last Tuesday. Mr. and Mrs. William Bishop, of > Walterboro, spent a few days here last week visiting relatives. r 'm Mrs. P. P. Padgett spent last Tuesday afternoon at Mr. G. F. Kinard's. Mrs. J. M. Bishop spent last Tuesday at the home of Mr. C. F. Rentz. Messrs. J. W. Goodson and A. W. Kinard went toLddge last Wednesday Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Goodson spent last Tuesday night at the home of Mr. C. F. Rentz. Mr.4j. M. Bishop is on the sick list. George Bishop. weekly summary. ' "5488 Below are found the names of the pupils in the advanced department of the school, and opposite each name is <? ??nnrnkA* /vP narfoAf lOCfl/mg 2^1 veil die 1JIUUWC1 Ui tMMVMw recited. If the pupil has been present every day, the number should be 21. Examine the list, and see what your children are doing at school: Annie Rentz 19 , ' Jessie Rentz : 21 , Talbert Warren 18 / John McMillan '. 13 Robbie Hughes 13 Harry Hiers '. 21 Jonnelle Hoffman 20 Purdy McLeod 21 Laurie Kinard 18 Clarence Moore 16 Leon Ramsey 11 George Bishop 17 Ryan Clayton 18 Clyde Bishop 15 Clemmons Carter 13 < ; Lionel Clayton 18 Harry Copeland 21 ' ; Leroy Westerlund 20 George McMillan 14 Gilbert Hiers 18 Maurice Clayton 18 V-?y -Tnl Cnnpland 21 provide me trasny iuuu xux umacu. Do you take the Youth's Companion for your children? You will observe from the above that Harry Hiers, Jesse Rentz, John Copeland and Harry Copeland have each made 21 for the past week. Their work has been perfectly satisfactory. We wish to commend the pupils for regular attendance last week. We haven't as many good readers in school as we would Eke to have. Too many pupils neglect their read- -t ing for arithmetic. They forget that reading is the foundation of all. Their arithmetic wilf be easier if they read wen; they win enjoy mstory if they like to read; geography will be interesting if they are good readers; in fact everything depends more or less upon reading. The knowledge of reading will be used every day by your boy when he becomes a, man, so above all see that he reads. Make him read aloud to you. Proficiency in reading comes only by practice. Provide good reading matter for him, or he may ? ^ _ j 1? i_i_ j x u: