Newspaper Page Text
THE USES OF REFRIGERATION.
( Low Temperature Artificially Oreated Has Done World Good. I Most of us know a lot about hot ' air, but the valuable uses to which f air reduced to such deadly tempera> ture as 400 and more degrees below * zero may be put is by no means so generally understood. Most people think of refrigeration chiefly as a means of making artificial ice and preserving food. The international congress of refrigeration which met in Chicago has taught us to what an - extent refrigeration enters into science, industry and the useful arts. It is not only a vital factor in the food supply of the nation as was pointied out by Prof. Scribner, in charge of the government exhibit. It is claimed *for it that of all the modern utilities it is the greatest. It is used in the manufacture of many of the y necessaries of life. It has, to cite convincing figures, come to play such an important part in the industrial world alone that over a billion doliars worth of capital is invested in inSK dustries depending upon abnormal as Braf well as normal artificially created HP Delegates from all over the world jp have been making these facts clear W during the past few days. As to the use of refrigeration in chemistry, for instance, ui. jcvaminei uugu cuuco lias told of the liquefaction of gas at a temperature of 426 degrees below eero, or within two degrees of absolute zero, in which almost inconceivable temperature the composition of atoms may, he asserts, be determ, ined. The pertinency of the timeworn jest about steam laundried bids fair to pass away thanks to refrigeration, for it has been discovered that starched linen ironed in a cold temperature does not crack or fray and lasts longer. Refrigeration has proved invaluable in the paper making industry. It helps to preserve apple seeds, potatoes and grains. It is useful in curing or preventing tropical diseases, and in some cases the ravages of hay fever have yielded to its beneficent frigidity. Its use in making artificial ice is more generally known, but not the figures which tell the tale of the extent of this industry. There are 3,500 ice-manufacturing plants in the United States alone, with a capacity v of between eighteen and twenty million tons of ice a year. Capital invested in this one industry* is esti mated to amount to $150,000,000. Altogether, the showing of the uses to -which sub-freezing temperatures artificially created may be put : is a remarkable one. They have al* ready made us independent of many conditions before which man was once helpless, and the development of their use promises to bring within our reach still greater stores of highly useful and practical knowledge.? Philadelphia Press. Early Mixed Bathing. * ____ Mixed bathing, which has aroused the wrath of a Croydon doctor, is a fairly old-established institution in this country, says The London Chronicle. It was to be found at Brighton as long ago as 1763, as we learn from a letter written in that year by "Gilly" Williams to his friend, Horace Walpole. "It would astonish i you," writes Williams, "to see the mixture of sexes at this place, and ; with what a coolness and indifference half a dozen Irishmen will bathe close to those whom we call prudes elsewhere." A cartoon of a latter period depicts the prince regent on one of his visits to Brighton being assisted in his morning "dip" by a local bathing woman. Mixed bathing was a question that caused trouble under the Roman empire. It came in with the collapse of austere Republican manners, and the Emperors Hadrin and Marcus Aurelius found it necessar> to issue orders against it. Alexander Severus also forbade the opening of "balnea mixta" in Rome. Later on we find great diversity of view in Europe on the matter. In the 15th century Bohemian and Spanish travelers were astonished at the goings on at Bruges, Malines and Brussels. The Spaniard observes that "the bathing together of men and women, skin-bare, is here reckoned as innocent as is, with us, a visit to church." The public baths at the Swiss Baden, where only a railing separated the sexes, scandalized Poggio Bracciolini. FOUND GHOST IX A TREE. Police Cowed, but Plucky Mayor Routs it with Shotgun. Two borough marshals of Prospect Park, N. J., resigned because they assert they were terrorized nightly by a ghost that held forth in a tree on the town's outskirts. Mayor Lambertus Town. New Jersey's youngest mayor, waited two nights for the ghost. The other night he heard a voice in the tree. A blast from a shotgun dislodged a 6wearing parrot.?New York American. Read The Herald, $1.50 year. WHOLE FAMILY GUILTY. Unusual Case is Tried in Federal Court in Greenville. Greenville, Oct., 30.?With her head bowed and weeping with a silent intensity that made the entire frame quiver, an aged mother sat within the bar of the district Federal court yesterday, and heard from A ' 1 - ?? ? ? ^ ^ rr/\ 1-1 r\ tt'll i/?ll I lilt: lips Ol UI1C JUU&C LUC I1U1UO mv.ii sent her four sons and husband to prison for varying lengths of time. She was Mrs. D. M. Peeler, of Cherokee county. Her husband, D. M. Peeler and sons, Charlie, Sammy, Lee j and June had been convicted of vio-' lating the law of the United States which prohibits the illegal manufacture of whiskey. An eloquent plea for mercy was made by Attorney J. H. Price, who represented the convicted men, but to no avail. The father was sentenced to pay a fine of $300 and to six months confinement in the jail of Cherokee county Charlie got a sentence of 60 days in Union county jail and $200 fine, Lee and Sammy, who are twins, were given sentences of 30 days each in I the Lancaster and Spartanburg counties respectively with a fine of $100, and June was sentenced to confinement in th jail of Chrokee county for 30 days and a fine of $100. The sentence imposed upon Lee Peeler was suspended until the firft day of next January by Judge Smith, in order that he might attend to the affairs of the family while the other members were serving their sentences. uvvincji i/ica iivin i? Columbia, Oct. 30? R. C. Godfrey of Cowpens, for some time employed j in Spartanburg as a barber, died here j last night of a bullet wound received j Wednesday. The inquest will be held tomorrow morning. Two men named Campbell and Cooper have been arrested. Godfrey was seriously wounded Wednesday night in tVaverley by a white man named Campbell. A rifle ! bullet passed through Godfrey's back | and lodged in the region of the left j hipGodfrey admitted that he . was drinking at the time he was shot. He visited several residences in Waverley at an hour near midnight and caused the inmates to fear that burglars were about to force their way in. j Godfrey floundered around on the porch at the residence of a widow, Mrs. Moose, and when a negro, C6oper, was called, he knocked him down i according to the account. Campbell ! was at home when Godfrey endeav| ored to enter and it was then that the shooting took place. Godfrey attempted to get away, but was forced LU lil <x uit^JLi auuui. I vv jaiuo from the Campbell home, which is situated on a street leading through the Haskell lands. Godfrey was thoroughly frightened, fearing that he would die. He told Sheriff McCain that he did not know where he was wandering, but believed that he was at Cowpens and that he was at his own home instead of Campbell's. Those who ?aw Godfrey soon after the shooting expressed the opinion that he scarcely knew anything about the circumstances except that he had been wounded. Godfrey is a barber. He is a married man and he requested Dr. Owens to send a telegram to Mrs. God frey. Dr. Owens complied with the request of the wounded man. Old Records Found by Treasurer. In delving into the old records of the s^ite treasury, State Treasurer Carter has found items of the expense to the state of the house rent for the governor. During the years of 181415-16, governor's house rent cost South Carolina $250, according to the records, and each year the governor changed his residence for some unknown reason. The owner of the governor's mansion in 1814 was J. T. DeLoune, in 1815, was James Douglass and in 1816 was Elizabeth Jenkins.?Columbia Record. TWO KILLED IN AUTO ACCIDENT. Prominent Young Men of Ocala Pinned Under Car. Ocala, Fla., Nov. 1.?David S. Williams, Jr., and A. P. Smith, twro of Ocala's most prominent young men, were instantly killed in an automobile accident about three miles from here to-night. The machine was found upside down in the middle of the road and the bodies pinned underneath. The fatal accident was discovered by some unknown person who telephoned the sheriff from a store near the city limits. Sheriff Galloway and party reached the scene in a few minutes and extricated the bodies. David S. Williams, Jr.. a son of Judge D. S. Williams. was one of Ocala's most promising young men. Mr. Smith, a member of the firm of a well-known company, of this city, came here about two years ago from Baltimore and was well liked by every one. Read The Herald, $1.50 year. LEO FRANK DENIED NEW TRIAL. Appeal v**ill be Taken to the Supreme Court of Georgia. Atlanta. Ga., October 31.?Leo M. Frank, whose motion for a new trial for the murder of Mary Phagan, today was denied by Judge L. S. Roan, of the Fulton county court, this afternoon prepared to take his case to the Supreme Court of Georgia. Tonight it was said that attorneys for the convicted man practically had completed drafting a bill of exceptions, on the strength of which they will continue their fight before the highest tribunal of the State. The bill of exceptions, it was said, will embody practically the same allegations of error contained in the motion for a new trial. These charge, among numerous other counts, prejudice on the part of two jurors and that several popular demonstrations in and near the court room had inliuenced the verdict. Counsel for Frank also contended that race prejudice against their client, who is a Jew, vitiated the trial. It was said by Frank's attorneys that the words of Judge Roan in announcing his ruling to-day would be incorporated in the bill of exceptions. Judge Roan, before whom the case was tried, said: "I have heard all the evidence in this case and taking it altogether I am not thoroughly convinced as to the guilt or innocence of the defendant." Frank, whose sentence to death was indefinitely suspended pending a final ruling upon the validity of his conviction, to-night maintained his hopeful attitude. He would add nothing to his statement earlier in the day, in which he expressed his disappointment at Judge Roan's decision, but said he was not discouraged over the outlook. The Nation's Hope in Poor Boys. I remember speaking at a school not long ago where I understood that almost all the young men were the sons of very rich people, and I told them I looked upon them with a great deal of pity, because, I said: "Most of you fellows are doomed to obscurity. You will not do anything. You will never try to do anything, and with all the great tasks of the country waiting to be done, probably you are the very men who will decline to do them. Some man who has been 'up against it,' some man who has come out of the crowd, somebody who has had the whip of necessity laid cn his back, will emerge out of the crowd, will show that he understands the interests of the nation, united and not separated, and will stand up and lead us."?From "The New Freedom" by Woodrow Wilson. BABY BURNED TO DEATH. Creek Woman Unable to Give Alarm in Time. Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 31.?A 5-weeks' old baby, son of John Sermes, a Greek soda stand proprietor, was burned to death here to-day when tire consumed the Sermes shop. The child had been left at home by the mother, who had gone to another store nearby. When she returned and found the house in flames she became hysterical, and neighbors, unable to understand her broken English, did not learn in time that the child was in danger. The cause of the fire is unknown. COAL?Demi N 1* T-fc i i U Carolina fublic 1 Cash: Will Sell S' Any Quantity at Denmark. ftl 11 i: SEE HI Before the fertilizer salesman arrives, you will not buy 2 per cent, g 1'POTASH f Per *on* Show kim *^at n pays 5 to 10 per cent. Potash, - effect of crops on soils re the per cent of Potash i pggHEiW increased until it is as gn greater than, the per cent 110WvT3id' phoric Acid in the fertiliz< y?ur ^ea^er ^t- Th< f j j| of the crops are better and DOG ADOPTS THREE PIGS. Jggj Shepherd Mother Fonder of them than of Her Own Puppies. *?? Three little pigs have been adopted |j|| by a mother dog here to take the ^ ! place of her lost puppies. The mother &| cares for her foster family as if they were her own. jag About three weeks ago Harry Wet- ||| more, who lives near Paris, discover- ||| ed that three pigs of different litters gg j were about to starve to death. He took them home and placed them in | an outhouse, intending to raise them j*i | by hand. A shepherd dog raising a ig litter of five pups, three of which had been given away, was in the gjj house. gi A day or so later he went to feed jig | the little foundling pigs and found 1 +1 1A *\ ? + V* A nVk /VM/j V? A /I l?ATVA ATf I H (9 i mat tut; ouc^nci u iiiutiici iiau lciiiuvj ed them to her bed and was nursing jra ! them with her litter of puppies. He ^ I started to take them away to feed them, but the dog resented this so vehemently he left them alone. Since ~~ then they have had the same fare as the puppies, and are in a thriving IJ condition. The pigs are about three ^ weeks old, and the puppies about six weeks. The pigs are very fond of their foster mother, who in turn is seemingly more fond of them than she is of her puppies.?Paris, Mo., dispatch to New York Sun. "Placing" the Prisoner. i Not so many years ago State Senator Gottifried H. Wende, of New York, used to be a police magistrate in Buffalo. It was at that time that he grew his grey side whiskers. A a story that he enjoys telling on himself is this: "Well, one day a young man was I brought in, and he looked mighty fa- J miliar to me, and I said to him: i 'Young man haven't you been in this! court before?' And he said: 'No, ] your Honor.' But I couldn't believe' i 1 him, his face looked so familiar. And I looked him over again and I said to-him: " 'Young man, are you sure you've never been arrested and been in this court before?' And the fellow said: . . i 'No, your honor; this is the first time I I was ever arrested.' "And I looked him over again, and j the police looked him over, and the! clerk looked him over, and finally I said: 'Well, yqung man, you certainly look honest, but I can hardly believe. Your face is so familiar to me. Where do you work?' H "And he said: 'Why, your honor, 1^ don't you remember me? I'm tend ing bar around the corner.' "?New - ? York Evening Post. 1 CALL ON * J. A. MURDAUGH p ....for.... hm E Campbell's, Van Camp's, and Heinz's Soups; Armour's, Van Camp's, and Heinz's Pork and Beans, ^ Olive Oil, Peanut Butter; Heinz's | A and Durkee's Mustard Dressing; In- j dia Relish, Olives, plain and stuffed; |Y0] White and Red Cherries, Apricots, Spaghetti, Pimiento Cheese, Pickles, Canned Peaches, Pineapples, Sauer Kraut, Corn, Big Hominy, Coffee, AlvJ Tea, Crackers, etc. ~ ^ FII> nark?COAL 1 Service Co., for u TOVE COAL in II js ? * r> . II tne ice raciory in m ra if -?'O M FIRST! | go to your dealer and explain to him that I [oods that contain only 40 pounds of Potash ^' lodern, profitable fertilizers contain from MT and that the composition of crops and the POTASH PI sr. It is this grade of goods that pays you \ ; quantity and quality ? ? the actual plant food _ \Aj ess per pound. I V V us for Free Book with - _ ofltable Formulas |y| A rill sell you Potash Salt /V iMnntitwfrAm TfYlnnuntlf \ GERMAN KALI WORKS.lie. >^ll ^ 42 Broadway. New Yoit A pfcl Qr lUCormicli^Bloc^ Chicago, III. ^jj\j I I M tJL, Empire Bldg., Atlanta,Bill Our Second Load| We received Tuesday of this week our second gg load ot Horses and Mines ror tms seasun. we nave gag some extra nice ones in this load, and if you want . gg an animal for any purpose come and see these be- ?8 fore they are picked over. We also have some as good and pretty Buggies and Carriages as have gg ever been shown in this section, also a full line of ": Buggy and Wagon Harness. Our prices are right r^ and the terms will lie made to suit the purchaser. J. J. SMOAKj j Railroad Avenue Bamberg, S. C. jjjj 301?IOC3BOE?=30Ejj THE RIGHT KINDjj i . - W ' Y*v Are those that you want, and that is what we have. ' J Our Horses and Mules I were bought to do any 1 and all kinds of work, so ( J if you need one, come to our stables, we can please you. We also have a large , line of Buggies, Harness, Lap Robes, Whips, Etc., ' f at prices that will please you. We sell on terms to 1 1 pmf fho mivrnncoi* OUAl U1V? put viiuova n JONES BROS. BAMBERG, S. C. | ~ J 301 _ Aftitrti I BAMBERG fc 14 lOBINSON'S amous Shows Mighty Arenic Wonderland! V presenting in Grand Array the World's Best! OO People and Beautiful Horses 500 HEST COSTUMES-MAGNIFICENT EQUIPMENT! I FAMED AS THE WORLD'S SHOW BEAUTIFUL! JEST SPECIAL TRAINS OF F^LA(^^^ARS ! ISEUM - - HIPPODROME^~MENAGERiE | ROBINSON'S GREAT HERD OF ERFORMING ELEPHANTS! r|||p f i ^l* T?"\ $25,000 Arabian Stallion. Highest f J xJ I 3 Educated Horse in the World. JOR LITTLEFINGER AND WIFE! rZCXtS Hu MOUS ORTON FAMILY ~OS=SS-. IE THE AZTEC MARIMBA BAND ! - ? n ni I ly Lightfoot and Twenty Uther runny Clowns: lato's Royal Japanese Troupe and 100 Other Great Acts and Features! wo Performances Daily, 2 and 8 P. M. Doors Open One flour Earlier 5EE THE SPLENDID STREET PARADE rM <3 *