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"OXK IIALK AX AC1JK."
How to Cotton (ironing a i n?iUiU?K? a Kindly allow spire lor publication or" this article, in which is se: forth a desire to la tit*ii a constructive movement lor the luture pros- i perity o:' the South. Tiie figures used < are illustrative, to demonstrate the general p roposition, and are not given to invite controversy, although i .they are near enough to accuracy. 1 when a genera! average is taken, to ? be passed as correct. 1 The cotton crop has not proved a < paying business tor the South, and 1 has been a losing game to a majority 1 of the cotton planters. It is not be cause, generally, the planter nas soia i liis cotton before the price goes up: ? nor will large crops at low prices or < small crops at high prices: or in- 1 creased yields with increased amount 1 of fertilizer, remedy the evil: but the 1 simple application of a simple business principle. 1 believe that sta- 1 ( tistics will show that, taking a ten- ' year average, for the whole cotton i belt, it has required three acres of 1 land to produce one .100-pound bale 1 of cotton. The same ten-year aver- s age will probably show that cotton j brought 10 cents the pound or $.101 the hale. Even if the cotton planter j 1 got $.10 for each .100-pound bale, tak-J < en as a whole the planter lost money,; 1 probably in every State, except those; < few where. 1 am told no commercial j ' fertilizers are used. By the appended figures you will s eetahtetaroi j ' ed figures you will see that it costs'' around $2fi to produce and place up-i 1 on the market one 500-pound bale of j ' cotton, if made upon one acre of land.j ' under normal conditions: and about j! $39 when made upon two acres and, 1 about $52 when made upon three; acres. Consequently any profit de-'1 rived could only have come irom the 1 sale of the seed. j 1 The one-bale-an-acre movement is ' designed to make the cotton crop a paying business for the cotton plant- 1 er, and there is 110 reason why it 1 should interfere with diversified ' farming, intensified farming or any < other movement for the betterment of the farmer. Practically every far- 1 mer in the cotton belt has some land < that will, under normal conditions, produce one 500-pound bale of cot- ' ! ton on a selected acre. Some may 5 have one. three, ten or fifty and so 1 on according to the number of acres ' of farming land he owns or rents. ' Were it possible this year to get each farmer to select such land, and plant 1 it, and no other land in cotton, and ' weather and other conditions should ^ | , he normal, the probable crop of ten ? million bales could l?e produced up- < on ten million acres, and the other ( probable seventeen million acres 5 which are going to be sacrificed in ' producing the possible ten milfion bales could be planted in forage or ? other crops. (I assume that the re- 1 duction in cotton acreage this year1 j will be not less than 25 per cent. In : s 1914 there were some thirty-six mil-!5 lion acres planted in cotton, and this! 1 year with lack of money, supplies and i c fertilizer, I judge there will not be more than twenty-seven million acres ' planted in cotton, and with a prob- 5 able cut of more than 50 per cent, in 1 fertilizer used. I figure that under the * most favorable weather conditions! 1 ten millions of bales will be the out- 5 side mark because there will be no 5 discretion used in selecting land up- * on which to plant cotton.) ( I want the press of the South; the ' various agricultural societies; the ag- 1 ricultural departments of the cotton ( States; the agricultural colleges; he ] farm demonstration agents and, in 1 fact, everyone who is interested in ] the prosperity of the South, to assist in pushing the movement forward. ' Simply show the cotton planter that by selecting the land, which he already knows will, produce one ">00- ' pound bale on an acre, under normal ' conditions, and planting only such ' land in cotton, that he can make i J money. Show him that if. in a tract ' of thirty acres, which he now plants and makes, say twelve bales upon, he has five acres that will each make a 500-pound bale, it will pay him better to plant only the five acres in cotton and use the rest for other crops, until such time as it too can be brought up to a state where it will produce a 500-pound bale an acre. I shall endeavor to get the agricultural committiees of the various bankers' associations to assist in the movement. ; If my idea is not clearly put, please let me state that in a few words, it I means simply that by selection of land to plant in cotton, the acreage can be reduced. That the cost of production and marketing a bale of cotton can be reduced from $52 to $20. ^t means that the South can have twenty millions of acres now wasted in cotton planting, to use for other purposes, and the number of bales of cotton produced will be the same. Cost of producing and marketing one " on.pound bale of cotton on one acre: Breaking land $ l.i>0 Bedding 1.00 Fertilizer ?..">o STOKY OK HKK FIRST IMTIKN'I VYotiw) !.<>'?ke<l (ihastly, I>nt IMdn .\inoiint to Much. K An American girl who recent volunteered for service with a R( 'ross an.hulance in Belgium sen< [lie following account of her rir ase: "The commandant doctor wil ivhom 1 was assigned to work hs :al:en me far up toward the fron a-he re a Belgian battery was statioi ?d. While he attended to some tn ing injuries there came the sound :annonading and news that the Ge nans were attacking the very sectic vhere we were working. "Sudden, at what seemed the la ninute of safety, two Belgian stretci >r bearers, without a stretcher, rusl ?d up to me. They said there was nan badly wounded somewhere i :he road. I found a stretcher ar vent off with them to look for hir "We went on and on. It probab vasn't more than tive hundred yard jut it seemed like a very long way; t seemed impossible to find tl iou.se. Then some women came rui ling and pointed out the place. T1 dretcher bearers hurried off with tl stretcher. I followed. "The man. horribly hurt, with ivound like a red pit below the shou ler blades, was brought and laid c :he stretcher. He lay there quiet )n his side, in a posture of utter re gnation to anguish. "He was a Belgian peasant, clur >ily built. He had a broad, ratln iglv face, narrowing suddenly as tl fringe of his whiskers became a litt straggling beard. But to me he wj :he most beautiful person I had ev< seen.. I loved him. He was my fir bounded man! "I tried?I still try?to persuat myself that if I hadn't bullied n two bearers and repulsed an attem to get my stretcher away for son sther patients he would have bet left behind in that little house. V got him out of the yard all right ar Dn to the paved road. ' Then, to n lorror. the bearers dumped him dov on the paving stones. They said ! ivas much too heavy. They couldr ~ *' nwlace roc I^USSIUIV t'tti I v 111111 uuicoo uic; ;d. "I didn't think it was exactly tl :ime for resting, and told them so several languages. The Germai ivere likely to come around the tui n the road at any time. You nevi rtnow! . "But the bearers stood stolidly :he middle of the road and moppt :heir faces and puffed. The situatic aegan to be as absurd and terrible ; i nightmare. So I grabbed on 01 ?nd of the stretcher and said I wou i-arry it myself. I said I wasn't vei strong and perhaps couldn't do it, bi [ would try. "They picked it up at once th< tnd started off at a good swingir :rot over the rough paving stone iolting my poor patient horribly, suggested that they walk on tl smooth path at the side. They hailt he suggestion as a most brilliant ar >riginal idea. \ yynxr nofionf Tl'Ot hmiicht lflt SXO 1U? yau^ui *? Uvj Ml vu0..v ... :he village where the battery w; stationed the ambulance had got i wounded and was ready to go. Bi ie had to have his wound dresse* -le lay there in the middle of tl street and I had to watch while tl surgeon stuffed his wound with a: siseptic gauze. I had always suppo ;d that the dressing of a wound w: i cautious and delicate process. Bi t wasn't. There was a careless a iacity about it. The surgeon work< "apidl.v, unmoved, as if he were stu! ng an old crate with straw. And vas all over in a moment or tw There seemed something indecent i he haste with which my Belgian w: was disposed of. "Then the surgeon remarked ca nally that my patient's wound didr tmount to much. 'It looks mix worse than it really is,' he said, felt hurt, as if this beloved perse liad been slighted, also as if there lit seen some subtle disparagement i my 'find.* " Scriniis Business. "Does Mrs. Holdup play bridge' "So: she works it."?Baltimo: \inerican. Glendale Springs water for sale Murdaugh's grocery store. Unless a garment is uncomfoi able, you can't convince a woman is stylish. Distributing fertilizer ; Chopping First ploughing ' Hoeing i plnn c*li in a? fnnr rim ps 2J Picking 1.350 pounds S.' Hauling to gin 1J Ginning 1. Gagging and ties .... 1. Hauling and marketing Rent, one acre 3.' When made on two acres add S3 when made on three acres add $26. Elias Doar. in News and Courier. SKIS AUK I'SKFl'L. ,*t A ustpo-Hungarian Soldiers Move Uupidly in the Carpathians. jv I'se of the skis in the war has been \ developed on a large scale out in the j Carpathians and on the hills and . dreary plains of Galicia, where thousands of Austro-Hungarian soldiers j move about rapidly and noiselessly i(j in this manner, says a Vienna letter. , Their first duty is scouting, but now n_ and then they are obliged to fight and - fight hard. ^ While some of the ski organizations have white uniforms, others have to make use of white blankets to render themselves as invisible as . they possibly can. j* A ski patrol's experience of a night , is here related by the officer in charge. The patrol had left camp in the evening, and, wrapped in white [(1 blankets, the men were speeding n through a Carpathian forest at night [v when the breaking of twigs caution' ed the officer to order them to cover. ' "A second later." he says, "I heard ? . ie an alarm signal given l^y one of my n_ corporals. I decided to investigate j and with three men proceeded in the le direction whence the signal had come. Near an ice and snow covered brama ble bush one of the patrol signaled i caution and then informed me that )n near him on the right there was a jv Russian scouting party. __ "There was nothing to be seen, however. Though the moon shone n_ brightly, the tree trunks, snow-cov?r ered undergrowth and shower of ie powdered silver sent down by the le gently moving branches of the trees, ac hampered the view. So we crept Br under the brambles and saw to it st that the powdered, cold silver entered by our collars. le "The ensuing wait was none toe 1V pleasant. We were measuring the pt snow with the length of our bodies ie which is not the finest pastime 1 ;n know. :e "Right ahead of me there was an 1(j open stretch of snow and I had been 1V watching the filigrees thrown upon it n by the moon as its beams broke ie through the branches of the tall ,-t beeches and oaks, when a long, black it_ shadow appeared from the right. "The next instant the Cossacks enie tered the clearing. Their horses jn were small and shaggy and white 1S and the men seemed to hang in the -n saddles rather than sit in them. They er were wrapped in thick furs. The bright moonlight showed they were jn Asiatics?broad faces with strong ;(j chins, predominent cheekbones and )n long black beards with the frost as clinging to their hair. ie "A sign from me and my men were Id on their feet?another moment and pv the Cossacks were off their horses. They were a most surprised lot. Ab ject terror stood in their midst and ;n they had difficulty understanding tg that we were no evil spirits of the Si forest. I "The Cossacks had hardly been ie taken to the rear by one of the men, jd when the vigorous tramp of Russian l(l infantry was heard. Back under the bramble bush twenty yards away to from us. the Russians marched past." ls The writer then recounts how the ts ski patrol followed the Russians into nt a village. Later in the night he was d. able to get in touch with the comie mander of a German contingent, ie which occupied a quarry on the other n- side of the village. Towards morns ing he also discovered how the Rus1S sians, who had taken the village, jt could be outflanked. Witn dawn u_ everybody was in his place and fire >d was opened. The Russians were ff- forced to retreat in disorder, leaving it behind many killed and wounded in o. addition to prisoners, in "We are known as the 'white is ravens.' " concludes the account. Glendale Spring water on sale at .Murdaugh's Grocery Store.?adv. :h NOTICE TO CREDITORS. * In re Estate of Mrs. Jane M. Rizer. >n deceased. id All creditors having claims against DI- the above entitled estate will file the same, prpperly itemized and verified, with the undersigned as administratrix of said estate. MRS. G. W. M. KEARSE. Administratrix. Olar. S. C., May 11th. 191.",. 3t. re Piles Cured in 6 to 14 Days Your druggist will refund money il PAZC OINTMENT fails to cure any case of Itching ? t Blind. Bleeding or Protruding Piles in 6 to 14 days The first application gives Ease and Rest. 50c t LIFE, FIRE, LIVESTOCK 1 HEALTH and ACCIDENT 2 INSURANCE Anent for Superior Monument Co Can Save you Money on Tombstones j0 77 W. MAX WALRLK !" EHRHAKDT. S. C. w Dr. THOMAS BLACK, JR I>EXTAL SURGEON. M Graduate Dental Department Uni ? versity of Maryland. Member S. C r>2 State Dental Association. Office opposite new post office and over office Graham & Black. Ofllct hours. S 30 a. m. to 5.30 p. m. BAMBERG, S. C. I Best material and workman- B ship, light running, requires little power: simple, easy to handle. Are made in several sizes and are good, substantial money-making machines down to the smallest size. Write for eatolog showing Engines, Boilers and all Saw Mill supplies. LOMBARD IRON* WORKS & SUPPLY CO. 1 Augusta. Ga. ? nAiur nr mum rn UUN' I bt ffllSLtU Bamberg Citizens Should Read and Heed This Advice. Kidney trouble is dangerous and often fatal. Don't experiment with something new and untried. Used a tested kidney remedy. Begin with Doan's Kidney Pills. Used in kidney troubles 50 years. Recommended here and everywhere. A Bamberg citizen's statement forms convincing proof. It's local testimony?it can be investigated. Mrs. A. D. Jordan, Bridge St., Bamberg, says: "I had pains in my back and dizzy spells at times. In the morning when I got up I was sore and stiff. 1 was bothered by excess uric acid in ' my system and rheumatic pains. I i used Doan's Kidney rills with gooa , results, and don't hesitate to recommend them." Price 5uc, at all dealers. Don't simply ask tor a k.dney remedy?get Dean's K.d'e. t ?.he same thai LIrs. Jordan had. Foster-Milburn Co., 1 Props., Buffalo, N. Y. To Drive Out Malaria And Build Up The System Take the Old Standard GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know i what you are taking, as the formula is printed on every label, showing it is | Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form. ! The Quinine drives out malaria, the ' Iron builds up the system. 50 cents R. P. BELLINGER 1 ATTORNEY AT LAW Office Over Bamberg Banking Co. General Practice i?????a?I 1 ;i Colds | V rvJI / should be "nipped in the IJ\J , bud", for if allowed to run J/V/jj * 1 unchecked, serious results TV] I may follow. Numerous iUi cases of consumption, pneu- V I monia, and other fatal dis- 1 j eases, can be traced back to I I a cold. At the first sign of a 1 cold, protect yourself by I thoroughly cleansing your I system with a few doses of I I THEDFORO'S BLACKnRHIIRHT | Miinvun I the old reliable, vegetable 1 I liver powder. I Mr. Chas. A. Ragland, o? I Madison Heights, Va., says: I "I have been using Thed1 f ford's Black-Draught for , | / stomach troubles. indiges-r/I 4 K tion. and colds, and find iitoMA r j be the very best medicine lnAI TA ever used. It makes an old^T a man feel like a young one." fa/ L K Insist on Thedford's, therO v I original and genuine. E-67 Whenever You Need a General Tonic Take Grove's The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless chill Tonic is equally valuable as a General Tonic because it contains the well known tonic properties of QUININE ? and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and Builds up the Whole System. 50 certs. J. F. Carter B. D. Carter CARTER & CARTER Attorneys-at-Law GENERAL PRACTICE BAMBERG. S. C. "FRANCIS F. CARROLL Attorney-at-Law Off?re in Hoffman Building GENERAL PRACTICE. BAMBERG. S. C. ' Malaria or Chills & Fever P.oo/-rintinn Mn fififi i? nr<?nflred esoeciallv for MALARIA or CHILLS & FEVER. I Five or six doses will break any case, and > if taken then as a tonic the Fever will not return. It acts on the liver bettei than Calomel and does not gripe or sicken. 25c YOUR Groceries > t Is an important item?one to wfticn careful attention should be given. Your problem will be easily solved if w , you buy them of us. We carry only ' \ the best lines, and use our best efforts * to give satisfactory service. * i * m m i LJelk's Market , Phone 2 Bamberg, S. C. Headquarters for Ice, Coal, Meats and "Good Things to Eat. ??? T I V !li!;lil! IIIW ii WB^KII/rxuuc./V / /.?/h/v \3JMmALWArS SEES~MIS BANK BALANCE CROW : The man who has never had a bank account has one, great pleasure in life yet left to him?STARTING one/ Banking money and seeing the balauce GROW big-* gbr and bigger month by month is a continuos joy. As his bank balance GROWS a man takes more in-^ terest in his work or his business and earns .more and gains self-respect and the GONFIDENGE of his firm' and of himself. Make OUR bank YOUR bank t ? We pay 4 per cent, interest, com- 2 pounded quarterly on savings depsits * Farmers & Merchants Bank: < EHRHA.RDT, S. C. > J - . n I i mr rnttn n a ai/i/rrnrn I AiR nit euuRRttrtn ' > FATING, i raccounts! at the Enterprise Bank if hp ISSSSf j * handles many accounts of a WHi 1118^*1 f size your affairs would yield. | jnj]^ 5 MBImlwII n He will tell you that the pro- * ?- , portion of small accounts is ~/j Tyn^F g:a* : much larger than the number "=|ft r 1 A t ' ' of big ones. So do not hesitate h\ % f)r]\ If to start one because your busi- H/l V J |j| I ness is not large. It will grow a/f\ | JII" and so will the account. ^ V I Enterprise Bank! 5 per cent Paid on Savings Deposits. Bamberg, S. C.: 7 __T~i ISO MATTER HOW BADLY IS /W ' YOL K CAR IS DAMAGED < we can repair it and make it as good as new. Our workmen fffijSl1/ Im are experts and we have all the j I J. B. B R I C K L E I Bicycles, Guns and Automobiles Re paired. Bamberg, S. C. 8 > *