Newspaper Page Text
PELLAGRA NOT INFECTIOUS.
Dr. Joseph Goldberger, Government h Expert, Gives Reasons Why. fe ''Seeing is believing," and it is up* on this basis that the United States bureau of public health has institut:v " ed a campaign for the absolute eradication of pellagra at the Epwortii Orphanage in Columbia, S. C., acT cording to ur. justryu uuiuucisci head of 'the department of pellagra research of that bureau, says the Savannah News, who is stopping at the De Soto hotel. This work at the orphanage at Columbia will take the form of a demonstration to those who have tried for the last eight years to do awaj with pellagra at this institution and have not succeeded. Instead of decreasing the number of*cases eacfc year, there were more at the end ol the last year than at any other time it is asserted. "Naturally," said Dr. Goldbergei in speaking of the cost of this undertaking, "it is going to cost the government some money, but it shows When we agree to furnish part of the diet necessary for the treatment ol pellagrins, how thoroughly we are convinced that the disease is brought on solely by improper dieting, and because we are positive that with a well-balanced diet pellagra can be absolutely done away with. The work will be begun about September * first. "I can not emphasize too stronglj the fact," said Mr. Goldberger, "thai ; ? A* pellagra is not commuuicauie. \si P course there are a number of its phases that have led many to believe that it was contagious or infectious v but from our studies covering a great I period of time and carried on undei all conditions, we are certain thai there is nothing of a communicable jm ' nature to pellagra. "To further clinch the argument that pellagra cannot be communicat jfef ed from one person to another take the results of our experiments upor the monkeys we have at the hospital "We have inoculated these monkeys with every kind of disease anc sj. they take it rapidly, yet when we infe oculate them with pellagra they re fuse to take it. Smallpox, whooping teiV-i, cough, measles, in fact almost everj ..kind of disease has been tried on the igV monkeys and they have always beer fe:; susceptible, but with the pellagra |v- there is nothing doing. By the fact p) f that they do not take pellagra, while jgjj ? they do take away other disease, it is proven almost conclusively that pelA lagra is not communicable." Dr. Goldberger visited Savannah ig'-' this time for the purpose of confer? - , ring with Doctors Ridlon and Francie \>n the work done out by them in the p|? study of pellagra, and the making of W their report on their researches, I*? which will form a part of the report - - - - - ? r i _ gi;.;, to be made by tne oureau or pudhc health upon the pellagra question. , "However," said Dr. Goldberger, j|^ - "the government is not going to wait fe until its report is issued, before it gfe- / tackles pellagra and checks it, but |l| ' has secured enough practical results tr from the studies made of the disease, to enable the bureau to go ahead in its campaign for'the eradi^ cation of this disease. "Own a cow," is still the slogan of r the department of pellagra research, ?j: and if the farmers can be educated to the point where they realize that fe by owning a cow, keeping it in good , - condition, and using the milk de^ rived therefrom, they are lessening I the chances of their getting pellagra V because of their one-sided diet, the TV department believes that it will have &? done something towards stopping the 7ravages of pellagra. Of course milk alone will not prevent pellagra, but when the farmer has milk, and eats meat and eggs instead of selling gv them to the city folks, he will never have pellagra, the experts say. In describing the work to be done at the Epworth Orphanage at Colum > *bia, Dr. Goldberger said it would be nothing more than the feeding of the 2^0 inmates of the Institution on a diet prescribed by the bureau of pub! lie health. This diet, which includes foods of varied sorts and of high nu s/V"* " tritious value, is the one that has been tried on inmates of other institutions in the country with the result that after a time, pellagra has been wiped out entirely. "Of course," concluded Dr. Goldberger, "just because a man who has pellagra decides to eat a rational or well balanced meal once in a while, is no sign he is going to get rid of the disease. The idea is to feed the patient on the diet for a fixed period of time and let him have nothing but this diet. Then when the treatment is over, the patient will be free from pellagra, but as long as he returns to the foods that he had been specializing on previous to his being given the government diet, he will lay himself liable to getting pellagra again. "The best plan," said Dr. Goldheraer. "it is to eat plenty of meat and eggs and drink milk. Do not eat too much of just on? kind of food and you will never have pellagra. Animals are given balanced rations to make them healthy and keep them IP L'. & * V. ' ? -. L' i . NAVY IS UNSURPASSED. ; Daniels Tells Governors it is for People to Say How Great it Shall Be. Boston, August 25.?A navy stead. ily increased in size and efficiency so . ithat it will be ready to defend the . country against attack from any quarter, is the aim of Secretary Daniels. This he declared before the governors' conference today at an * adjourned session on noara tne nag5 ship Wyoming of the North Atlantic fleet in Massachusetts Bay. For two hours Ihe secretary stood . on the bridge of the flagship while . Admiral Fletcher put the fleet [ through manoeuvres illustrating atr tack and defence. Then he joined L the governors in the admiral's cabin and told them why he had made L them his guests for the afternoon.. ? "The navy must abide in the hearts of the whole country if it is 9 to be strong and powerful and made . great," the secretary said, "It is for the people, not the president or myself, to say how great it shall be. As you go to your homes you will speak [ the word that will help to determine f this question. j "The greatest things that the navy . is doing are not heralded. Since the war hotruri thprA ic Tint an nffieer in any department of the navy who has > not taken advantage of its lessons, j Experiments are proceeding day and ? night, and today in every element our navy has no superior in the r world. We do have superiors in size . and numbers, and it is for us to eonf tinue to strengthen our navy. . "I believe we ought to increase ? our navy steadily so that in times of stress and emergency the real first ! strong arm of our country will be . ready to defend our country if it is [. attacked from any quarter." > The Wyoming picked up the gov ernors at the Charlestown navy yard, [. and, taking a position a few miles east of Boston light, became the tar> get of attack by twenty-five torpedo t destroyers, after they had passed in review with ten battleships. After the review appeared to have been ! ended the destroyers suddenly reappeared. On the flagship a general alarm against torpedo attack was r sounaea ana soon tne Dig guns ui r the Wyoming began to fire blank j shots at the on rushing destroyers. L The destroyers circled the flagship, pouring forth dense volumes of . smoke made by excessive use of oil. > Soon the destroyers were hidden be. hind the cloud. The screen suddenly was broken by the destroyer Ammen, which was observed dashing head-on for the Wyoming. The battleship's guns immediately were t (trained on the attacking ship and t thundered away. The destroyer, > however, came on and when she had approached within 3,000 yards discharged a torpedo. , The missile was seen to strike the water and then, submerged, made its way towards the flagship. The latter, however, on the instant had been put slightly ito starboard, under a full head of steam and the speeding torpedo passed a few feet astern. Theoretically the attack by the destroyers was countered and they withdrew. After these exercises Secretary Daniels met with the governors and made his address. Late in the afternoon the party left in launches for Gloucester, where they stopped for a moment at the home of John Hays Hammond. Thence they went in automobiles to the Eastern Yacht club. ait Marble Head, where they were entertained at dinner by the Boston Chamber of Commerce. Secretary Daniels responded to a toast to President Wilson, paying a high tribute to the executive and declaring that the president had left nothing undone to put the country in a proper condition of defence. Sold. For three long hours the motorist had sat in his useless car waiting for help. He had run out of gasoline and was miles away from the nearest garage, so great was his joy when in the early dawn he saw a heavy cart lumbering toward him. "If you'll tow me to the next village," he said to the drowsy vanman, "I'll give you five dollars." The bargain was gladly struck, and presently the procession started, the 1 motorist traveling on the wagon for ftf nnmno?V Hid sar.c iyi . "You're early out," he said pres! ently. "Yes; I have-to be to cover my round," replied the driver amiably. So they chatted until the village ; was reached. Then the rfiotor was cut adrift, and the bill changed 1 hands. "By the way, what is your line of business?" asked the motorist, suddenly suspicious at the sight of certain cans in the covered cart. "I take gasoline round . to the country stores, sir," replied the man with a knowing smile. ' " ~ n*Vi ? /mi 1 n't HI gUUU. UUilUlllUU V\ ui V DUUU1UH l the same thing apply to the human being?" i COTTOX FOR POWDER. 4 Census Department Gives Out Infor- 3 mation on Subject. The European war has created an insatiable demand for ammunition. New establishments are being erect- 5 ed for the manufacture of explosives, ? and the possibility of increased profits is inducing firms engaged in other industries to enter the field. This state of affairs, of course, has an important effect on the price of 5 cotton, which is largely used as a ^ material in the manufacture of ex- 9 plosives. Director Rogers, of the bureau of the census, says a Washington dis- ? patch, is carrying on an extensive correspondence in his endeavor to ob- 5 tain statistics of all establishments 9 using cotton as a material. Consumers of cotton naturally desire to A know the total quantity used in all 2 lines of industry, and they can aid in the compilation of accurate sta- 3 tistics by furnishing the census bu *4 reau, at Washington, with the names and addresses of establishments A which have begun the use of cotton fx as a raw material since the com- gt mencement of the European war. Mr. ^ Rogers says that a great many letters ^ are being received requesting infor- 3 mation as to the quantity of cotton and linters used in the manufacture ?2 of explosives. Some express the fear ? that the bureau is not aware of the 3 extent to which these materials are # now being used for this purpose. The 3 director desires to state that the ? census bureau is aware of the great- ?| lv increased demand for cotton and -f linters, and has been endeavoring TS to collect complete statistics concern- ! ing the total quantity used by all 3 i consumers of cotton, in compliance with the law which requires monthly ?j reports on this subject. ?! Explosives Take Much Cotton. Ill Unfortunately it is impossible to *j| supply statistics as to the amount of tj cotton used in the manufacture of explosives alone. The act of con- tjj gress authorizing the collection of ?! cotton statistics directs the census g bureau "to collect and publish sta- J tistics concerning * * the quantity of raw cotton consumed in manufactur- % ing establishments of every charac- > ter * * *" While some manufactur-OY.O r\f avnlAOiVQO niirphaso tV?P fftU" CIS VI. CA)/1V01 I VO UUMWV v?V . _ cotton and subject it to the neces- Tj sary processes of purification in their ! own establishments, many of them 9 buy it from other establishments which purify and treat the fiber so as to render it suitable for use in the 2 manufacture of explosives. Many of Uj the establishments prepare cotton not only for manufacturers of ex- ~ plosives, but also for manufacturers of wholly different products, and it I is not feasible for the census bureau I to obtain separate statistics of the I amount of purified cotton turned out I by such establishments for use in the I manufacture of explosives. B There has been a great increase in I recent years in the production of I linters and hull fiber. Linters are fl obtained at the oil mills by regin'ning fl the cottonseed, the object being to I remove the short fibers so that the I fine particles of the kernel will not I be carried off with the hulls, making I possible a greater yield of oil and I meal. The total quantity of linters I obtained from the crop of 1899 was I 114,544 bales of 500 pounds each, H but fifteen years later the output of fl this by-product of the cottonseed oil fl industry had increased by more than fl 600 per cent., the number of bales I turned out from the crop of 1914 be- I ing 856,900. | Obtaining Hull Fiber. 3 Hull fiber is obtained by a treat- fl ment of the hulls which breaks up I their structure and makes available I the short fibers which have not been fl removed in the delinting process. I Several establishments have been en- I gaged in the production of hull fiber fl for a number of years, and additional ones are taking up this line of manufacture. The publication of statistics of cotton production and consumption has called public attention to the desirability of similar data concerning numerous other and totally different commodities. The census bureau is receiving numerous requests for such data concerning various articles, the production of which has been stimulated by the European war or by economic conditions due in a measure to the war. There seems to be a general impression that the census bureau is engaged in the collection of such sta tistics. Director Kogers wisnes to emphasize the fact that the work of his bureau is defined and limited by law. He appreciates the importance of statistics concerning the annual production of clothing and food products, of chemicals, of metal and wood products, etc., but congress has not authorized the collection of such statistics, and until it does so his bureau cannot undertake the work. Reason to Be Glad. Poet?I fear I haven't written anything that will live. Friend?Look on the bright side of it. Be thankful that you are alive m f nifn nf ri-Viot rrvn li o t?a n'ritf an ill oyuc Vi ? i:at j \j u. lit* * * wi-vu. j W ""not 1 It has come to o port is being circulate we would raise our p ton. We wish to sa < that the report is unt foundation whatever to gin cotton at sair prevailed heretofore. 1^ ? ! our old customers b< i# > ? ! to see some new one: * > ? > * ! Carolina i* | A. B. COGGINS, i Manager. EHRHAR Grnyonr With the Fan Jones A. Bring Your W1 nnrl r^f l Inn Farmers, Don't Fo nMHHBHHHBHHHHI J. i ! * ( if'-it'-if*ift *t*if* if; ?*iftrf????i?n9tit* 17TJ7TJTTJTTJTTJTtJTtJtJJTrjyTj?TJTTITTi?TJTTJTTJ?h7tJ7TJT ICE! j 3? >ur notice that a re- ? < i to ? id to the effect that \\ i * i * irice for ginning cot- f < ! Jj v; y most emphatically g i m ? i* rue and without any Jj i . We will continue fj SI le prices that have l\ m ? We hope to see all g a sick this season, and i ' , ?? < -%? s. t T I ?? r $$ r* r I i bin to. HENRY EHRHARDT, 1 % Superintendent 1 ** ';/l DT, S. C. j; J|li ^^=^===!== ; -? <r?2? ' * "v.:.---., I AUam MJUUll -'H '. mer's Friend 1 / 1 , v r'--v- : '4 / t rxj Williams ). , 4 \ V \ ' tieat and Corn ir and Grits. y f s ; / . r irget Your Friend I HHHHBHHHEHHHHHHIhHHHHHS BP - . v..:a ; v *