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TAl'GHT HINDEXBl'KG. Maxims of Great Cliinese Warrior, Loutao, Followed by German. c > " ?L* ??? The strategy and tactics that have made Field Marshal Von Hindenburg one of the commanding figures of ? 1 ^ ? ? < aia nr>t rtriffinfltp in 1116 W Ul'iU VV ?11 UIU UV/l. VI tg>uv><.w the great German commander, a fact that Von Hindenburg frankly admits, says the New York Times. To a great extent his maxims of war are those of Frederick the Great, and the maxims of the great Frederick were not of his own making. Furthermore these maxims, the carrying into effect of which has twice, overwhelmed the Russians, and has undoubtedly played a prompt . inent part in the wonderful resistY. ance of the German armies in France and Belgium, have not been the se&V' \ cret possession of the Prussians. iSy They were brought to light by a Y Frencnman, and from France found vV^s'; tiieir way to the war ' councils of Y v ^Frederick the Great and his succes>*? ' About one hundred and fifty years ago there labored in China a French K-\ . missionary, a Jesuit priest, Father de Guignes. De Guignes mastered the f:. i difficult language of the (Chinese, and - in due coarse of time (in 1767) was |tr- / permitted to study and to 'translate into French the five Holy War Books of the Chinese. These books con' tained the maxims of the great Chi' mese warriors who lived in the period U:' between 1200 and 500 JB. C., maxims, that as late as A. D. 1800 every Chinese officer was required to memorize. Says the United States Infantry Journal ia the July-August issue: > "Thus it became apparent that, centuries before the time of Homer, . war was already waged according to Bpl. fixed rules, and that even in ancient times strategy was an art, and the art of war was taught. * * * Napo^ leon recommended their study " and many of that great general's max||I-C\. ims may be traced to them." , The maxims followed by Fredi-j: erick the Great and by Von Hindenburg are those of the great Chinese |p warrior, Loutao, "who lived about IV, 11DU Jt5. VJ. JL/UUtcLU s maAxuio nwc recently published in Germany, and # the publication is prefaced by the ' statement that "it is remarkable that the. maxims of Frederick the Great V should have been enunciated 3,000 ^ .. years before his tinie, and that the principles of Hindenburg's strategy and tactics should have been like^ \ -wise, laid down at that early period/' . The maxims as they appear in the Infantry ^Journal were translated from the 'German by First Lieut. Walter Krueger, of the 3rd United States infantry. These are- the "War Maxims of j ^ , Gen. Loutao," as translated into Eng lish by Lieut Krueger: Ife'v' There are four things to which a general must give careful attention: feK / (1) Time?-the establishment of his ||fcr reputation; (2) place?he must be ?&? ? familiar with the country in which g; he operates; (3) opportunity whi$h, IJT He, is sKlilea, ne win oe aDie to create; (4) the condition of the troops as regards strength, ability pf.;,: ftndi morale. / . War should be so conducted that ^ one need not wage it again for 'the same cause. Those who master the true principles of the art of war will " . , be able to subsist their armies at the v*expense of the enemy. ^ An army should be so disposed ^ that all the corps of which it is comf.v' posed can mutually defend and supJ ' ' port each other whenever requisite. The troops in the right wing and those in the left must fulfill for - those ip the centre the same function that the wings of a bird fulfill for its body. Its wings impart to ' ?r . it 1 _ 1 m.C/ilrlv 4 tne Dira me aumi) tu pass quivay from one point to another and enable it to move in any direction at will. The troops posted on the right and those posted on the left should en? % r able a general quickly to make any disposition of his army that he may A-' see fit. The mobility and strength y- of birds are generally proportionate to the size and strength of their wings. This should likewise be true of an army. The two wings of an army should be composed of the most mobile, tiie most disciplined, the ; most experienced troops. If you (^esire to profit by our army, if you wish to make it invinx cible, model it after the snake Chouaijeu, which, when struck on the head, instantly brings its tail forward to defend its head; when struck on the tail, its head is ready to defend that appendage; when struck on any part of the body, head and" tail combine for the defence of the part attacked. But some one may perhaps question whether this h?can be done with an army, and I answer it can, it should, and it must be done. To post an army in order of battle is not a difficult matter, but it is difficult to fight without deviating from the original plan that was decided upon. A strong and well deciplined army should not waste its time in hesitation, in raids, or in small engagements, which never lead to decisive results, but should, as soon as pos- ei sible, engage in pitched battle. di '"The corps should not all attack T simultaneously at the outset of a bat- w tie. If they did, confusion and dis- 111 order would inevitably occur and de- ^ feat would be the result. 1S The troops must be well instruct- n ed in all the details of their work; j they must be commanded with firm- " j ness and rewarded with glory. Make ^ ' n-A 1 1 r> AA.lc rtAll n + (rlftrifr tliom n ganaiu UCOVIO V/UUlll) Q1U1 lij luviu. I This is the easiest way to flatter men, ti ! encourages them and spurs them on ~ to great deads. Do not wait orders from your e] princes when you are placed in a c< situation that requires a prompt decision> In cases where you must act ? contrary to an order do not hesitate, but act, and act without fear. The C first and foremost desire of him who placed you at the head of his troops _ is that you may defeat the enemy. Had he foreseen the situation which confronts you he himself would have w prescribed the action that you pro- } pose to take. s< A good general should never say ? that he will do a certain thing come ~ what' may, for his course of action should be determined solely by the situation. ~ E The renowned generals of the past believed that in order to gain victory the troops would have to de- ^ mand to fight, and they were equal- n ! ly certain that these same troops ti ... 1 ^ oi.fPnK /I afoof if fhov incict. fi VVUU1U OUUC1 UClCUb 11 luuiwv 11 ently demanded; victory. o: If your army is approximately ci equal in numbers to that of the ene- Ci my, nine of the ten advantages of e] the terrain should be on your side. Employ, all your mental resources, all your physical efforts, all your diligence in obtaining them. . Before you enter upon the decisive 0 battle you should have foreseen it and have prepared for it long in ad- n vance. Do not let accidents decide g, your action in this case. If a general is all that he should p] be he will be able to distinguish what Q is great from what is small, what is M strong from what is weak, what is insufficient from what is superfluous, _ what is difficult from what is easy, what is obscure from what is obvious; he will always know how to dispose g the three brigades, five divisions, or two corps without confusion as the th situation, the time and the terrain may require. jj The leader of an army must pos- c< sess the ability of making such dis- of l. . positions of his own army as to -dietate the enemy's conduct, movements and disposition. fe i 4. ~ r 1 ?V.; fn l lie great art ui .gciiciaiomp sists in keeping the enemy constant ly in the dark, so that he will never ta know where he may have to give ec battle. F< It may be said in general that an army that is strong in numbers is a co strong army, but it may be said with H equal propriety that an army that is K lie too strong numerically is difficult to subsist, to dispose, to lead, to move jn and to keep intact, and that the strength of an army depends less upUS on numbers than upon efficiency. ta In a campaign one must take care ed that both animals and men are well Ej fed- !bt The commander-in-chief should Cq keep a part of his cavalry under his by own orders to support those who ar need prompt help in order that they may not be defeated. When the proper moment arrives pa for beginning the battle the cavalry should fill the air with the noise ot its instruments, with its cries and _ the neighing of horses. The general should attentively watch the first attack. From the conduct of his o\tfn St; troops and from that of the enemy nK /mi i ^ rlr-o-n' r?r?nnlii?ir?rjR a.s to . u^; ouuuiu uiu ? ? whether any of his dispositions ought to be changed. ' Not only those who command/ but ty also those who obey, should devote ca their principal attention to the man- d^1 ner of assembling, forming ranks, advancing, retiring, attacking, de- t0 fending, in order that the commander may never issue inappropriate orders that are not in accordance with g1^ the time, the place and the situa- f0 tion, and that subordinates may be quickly and intelligently carry out ^ anything that may have been order- jj* ed. , w; The. best arms and tactics are pi those that enable^ us to attack the ^ enemy, while at the same time they aj permit us to defend ourselves against 0f his attacks. tc Whenever troops march or execute aj manoeuvres of attacks they should p| be as mobile as birds. If they have to hold a position they should stand as firmly as if nailed to tne spot as- _ signed to them: If they fight they should support and follow each other just as do all the felloes and other parts; that constitute one and the same wheel. Dust, the fight of birds and their cries serve to indicate the march of G / the enemy, though one may neither j*" see nor hear him. j 1 Information of all movements of * the enemy, and even of matters that happen within the lines, must be ob- fc tained in order that one may draw ? conclusions as to his probable con- p duct. But if the condition of the C . lemy is not known, what must be one to obtain information of it? P he hostile camp must be attacked ith a selected detachment. . By the lanner in which the enemy repulses lis attack one may see whether it i profitable to attack in force or ot. Feed your horses well and conserve j leir strength for the moment of bate. If you follow this -advice you lay, if need be, ride over the enre world on those same animals. TV \ PHRRS' FYAMTYA TIOY The regular examination for teachrs certificates will be held at the Durt house in Bamberg on Friday, [y *9161 'aaqopo i? isjg ein licants are requested to be on hand rfjmptly at 9 o'clock a. m. R. W. D. ROWELL, ountv Superintendent of Education. Sept. 8, 1915. GLENDALE MINERAL SPRING. 'All persons are warned not to take ater from Glendale Mineral Spring )r sale without permission. Glenale mineral water for sale must be Baled and labled at the spring, -adv. JOHN F. FOLK. TO HHP FICTION [xperience of Bamberg Citizens Art Easily Proven to be Facts. The most superficial investigation rill prove that the following statelAnt frnm a rpsirient nf R&mbercr Is "ue. Read it and compare evidence rom Bamberg people with testimony t strangers living so far away you annot investigate the facts of the ase. Many more citizens of Bamberg adorse Doan's Kidney Pills. James A. Mitchell, R. F. D. mail arrier, Calhoun St., Bamberg, says: rhe jar and jolting in driving was o doubt responsible for the troule I had with my back Two boxes t Doan's Kidney Pills, procured at le People's Drug Store, brought me slief. I never lost a chance to say a ood word for this remedy." Price 50c, at all dealers. Don't simly ask for a kianey remedy?get oan's Kidney Pills?the same that [r. Mitchell had. poster-Milburn Go? rops., Buffalo, N. Y. ~r~ MASTER'S SALE. State of South Carolina, County of amoerg, m t Pursuant to a decree issued out of | H I te court of common pleas in the case I :v N. E. Hutto, plaintiff, vs. J. H. II I utto, etc., et al., directed to me I, il I . C. Folk, Master for Bamberg I ounty will on Monday, the 4th day I j ' October, 1915, between the legal [I I )urs of sale, the same being sales- [I I iy in said month, in front of the I L >urt house door, Bamberg, S. C., ofr for sale to the highest bidder the __ blowing described real estate: "All that certain tract of land, sit- rr^fb ite in said County and State, conining 75 acres more or less, bound- fjjfl I North by the estate of J. Frank IJMJ 3lk; East by G. W. Folk; South by osa E.- Johns, and* West by J. B. ] 3lk; said tract of land having been g nveyed to the said G. E. Hutto by . C. Folk, Master for Bamberg junty, by deed, bearing date Jan- 1 iry 6th, 1908, and recorded in the s fice of plerk of court in said County T Book 'G' at page 28," ALSO 1 "Al that certain tract of land, sit- c ite in said County and State, con- e ining 60 acres more or less, boundNorth by estate of J. Francis Folk; ist by Robert Jones; South by the 1 tate of H. F. Priester, and West r J. W. Hill; said tract having been nveyed unto the said G. E. Hutto r J. B. Folk on January 17th, 1912, Ld recorded in the office of clerk of urt for Bamberg County, in Book ?~ at page 295." Terms of sale cash, purchaser to I iy for papers. ' H. C. FOLK, . V Master for Bamberg County. I September 6th, 1915. MASTER'S SALE. ate of South Carolina, County of Sa' Bamberg.?D. J. Hydrick, plain- tor tiff,, vs. Benjamin Glover, et al., ga^ defendants. ' ge By virtue of an order directed to e in the above stated case, I, H. , R) Folk, Master for Bamberg coun, will sell to the highest bidder for pou sh, on Monday,. October 4th, 1915, gUD, iring the legal hours of sale, at the urt house door at Bamberg, S. C., e following described tract of land wit: \ All that certain piece, parcel or s act of land, situate, lying and be- Ban g in Bamberg county, State of P >uth Carolina, containing ninety- of f nr. (94) acres more or less, and case >unded on the North by tract num- Tho jrs one, two, four and six; East by to n M. Fender; South by tract num- ber* iv seven, and West by public high- day ay to Walterboro, as shown by a lega at thereof made by Samuel Dib- sale e, surveyof, on January 10, 1910. , the Purchaser to pay for papers, and c., so all taxes falling due a'ter date der, ' sale. Purchaser will be requested tate deposit $100.00 with the Master, ; a forfeit, same to be credited on piec irehase price when the sale is com- lyin eted. Cou H. C. FOLK, con Master for Bamberg County. less September 6, 1915. On : on E. H. HENDERSON and Foil _ me Attorney-at-Law pur BAMBERG. S. C. Pay eneral Practice. Loans Negotiated. No. Six-Sixty-Six (j This is a prescription prepared especially ? >r MALARIA or CHILLS d. FEVER. ive or six doses will break any case, and % taken then as a tonic the Pfever will not | iturn. It acts on the liver better than 11\ lalomel and does not gripe or sickenT 25c \ bill your With the Far Jones A. * Bring Your W and Get Floi * 0 to t> I Farmers, Don't F< J 3est material and'^'orkman'- I y ^ ihip, light running, requires I \ . || ittle power; simple, easy to I \ || H landle. Are made'in several fl \ II jD izes and are good, substantial I \ i j noney-making machines down I. o the smallest size. Write for I \ ' atolog showing Engines', Boil- I irs and all Saw Mill supplies. I ^ jOMBARD IRON WORKS & | supply co. i( HOUSE HO | PORTABLE AND STATIONARY TT ALLS ailC NfilNFS0 = I IV m I I Wm W and decoration AND BOILERS stair carpet in w, Lath and Shingle Mills, Injec- a - ? a s, Pumps and Fittings, Wood nat racKs- Un< ws, Splitters, Shafts, Pulleys, f front r Iting, Gasoline Engines 01 7our ,ront f 0E5TOCK LOMBARD 2)o ndry, Machine, Boiler Works. : ?? ply Store. . I v. AUGUSTA, GA. ! MASTER'S SALE. j 1* tate of South Carolina, County of ! iberg. The Hardwat ursuant to a decree issued out _ he court of common pleas in the ! of J. H. Hutto, etc., plaintiff, vs. mas Grant, defendant; directed le, I, H. C. Folk, Master for Bafti- ENQlN ; County, will on Monday, the 4th of October, 1915, between the ,1 hours of sale, the same being Land sday in said montl* in front of court house door, Bamberg, S. | offer for sale to the highest bidrthe following described real es All and singular that certain :e, parcel or tract of land, situate, g and being in the State and ! nty aforesaid, Midway Township, taining six (6) acres more or , and bounded as follows, to wit: the North by lands of Levi Folk; LENAIRE the South by G. E. Hutto lands on the East and West by Levi Phones: 269, : k, being the lands purchased by from J. A. Wyman, and from him chased from Thomas Grant." 'erms of sale cash, puchaser to ~ for papers. ft PA VI H. rULK. Master for Bamberg County. w m eptember 6th, 1915. I j WHEN PRI 'UIPUrCTCZJ O Dll I O of North Carolina tl illlUnCiO I Lfl O 1 ILLw ! shipment during Se TIIE DIAMOND RSAND. A I and hardy and can s Ladles! Ask your i)pujf(f!8t for I We have only )ne Vi 71 V- It r?i,-,."cVe8?e31>]0Jl,o.n.J J*rand//V\ ! given us satisfactioi fS? S LS? SffiEW j fhoe. N.C 1000W; I ?a ? no olhcr. Kiijt of your 1000.^ f.__' ' w AskforCin.cirKs.TEnn I . MEGGETTPROD n $ nn VNf> 4>ILLS. for *5- ! Weals w W& yWR Kno1.'!; as yes:, ?.i:csc, Always tvctiaui# ?r SOLD BV DSl'GGiSfS ?V?RY'iVH?RE * t n .. 1 lotton i mer's Friend v I Williamc V f 11 Ail** A JU? t . ''' ' t * . heat and Corn lr and Grits. iv s" : - ^%' i . j . \ , X ^ :V. ,t-:? " !? <f:: -: >. I V CmahiI Jim iuui menu i U7 I * hI-i' ^JNisSs * wamtmmmi I . & 2 *3 - - U COOK OF HIGH tKKL I stairways beautified and made comfortable ir home necessities. Specially made carpets ? ?u:~u ,..:ii u M ??#M AMlJfA VAfl WAfii* fiirtiifiirD < Lll W111LU W 111 UQI UlUUlXiW TW A VII J VU1 ll>iui?iuv r s. Rods with decorative knobs to hold the place. Screens, fancy tables and umbrella and i of our door mats /ill add to the appearance >orch. ? JVoi PcVd1 lAf "By! 0. SIMMONS e and Furniture Man . F amberg, S. C. EERINO AND SURVEYING i . Surveys, Drafting, Drainage, Blue Printing, Estimates, Designing. MAR WORK A SPECIALTY ' < ( FOR FURTHER INFORMATION WRITE OR CALL / ( F. WOLFE or VIRGIL F. BRYANT 241-L, 72 Orangeburg, S. C. > r i*^ K-KA1^1to supply your home B ' market during De- I I cember and January I ICES ARE HIGH. We have growing in the mountains I ie finest lot of CABBAGE PLANTS that has ever been grown for ptember and October, and being: grown in that climate, they are tough tand the effects of the hot sun better t han any other plants you can get. iriety, viz., THE FLORIDA HEADER. The only cabbage that has a, set during September and October. Prices, by express, f. o. b. Horse n 1000 (?) $1.50 per 1000; 5000 to 8000 @ $1.25 per 1000; 10000 and over, $1 per H exoress charges. Prices by Parcel Poet, 35c per 100. Address ordersg UCE CO., (The 700 Acre Truck Farm) - YONGES rSLANU, v. o grew Caitbag* Plants for shipment from November to April I and will b? ated to supply you. Writ* for prk**> ? _ .. J 0 ..