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11 Section One ?||f ^Untlt^l^ lij^lTttl^ Pages 1 to 8 j
H || One Dollar and a Half a Year. BAMBERG, S. 0. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16,1915. Established 1891. | L' & i- 1 i i r ? COUNTRY NEWS LETTERS SOME INTERESTING HAPPENINGS IN VARIOUS SECTIONS. i m V V Jbiews Items Gathered All Around the f ;s%-~ Comity and Elsewhere. Ehrhardt Etchings. . V"' .Ehrhardt, Dec. 14.?Everything is quiet down our way. These bleak v December days keep everybody in -v- ' % around the fire if they are to be kept comfortable. The man with a load of -wood or coal is greeted with a smile and no trouble to dispose of , > this ware. Mr. and Mrs. G. L. Copeland have - rented the old Ehrhardt home from Mr. Chas. Ehrhardt, and will move , to town to spend their old days, where it is easy to live and conven1 . ient to spend money. Rev. B. J. Guess left last Saturday for his new field of work, Spring fill"' : Street church, Charleston. Our new pastor, the Rev. Felder, is expected s ' this week some time. Should he ar? rive there will be preaching at the T Methodist church next Sunday at ||S:f 7:30 p. m. rPVi n TTV* crrlt.ririffiri inflrriaffP is v IliC UU1 uaiuv v* a ****** - ? to take place this eve, at the home &*&?? of the bride. This is to be a very quiet affair, owing to the sadness v_. over the loss of the bride's father I ?v recently. Only the closest friends and relatives of each are invited. Mr. and Mrs. Griffin will be at home ? ; at the Ehrhardt hotel after a short bridal tour and visits among relaf? - L tives of Walterboro. We extend our heartiest congratulations to these ^ ^ young folks and wish them a long and happy life. Mrs. W. B. Moore and little sons, William, and McBride, returned last k Thursday from a short visit among her relatives at White Hall, S. C. f The dancers of the town are expecting to have a ball some time during the holidays; they will announce later the date, etc. ^ JEF. \ ^ Clear Pond News.' Clear Pond, Dec. 14.?Miss Vera McMillan, who attends school at Ehrhardt, spent the wbek-end at'home. If* Rftv/1 Avorc anri MifiS Pearle Barr, of Denmark, visited at-' the V ^ '/ home of Mr. G. W. Polk recently. Mrs. P. K. Hughes and children spent a few days last week foth relatives at Brier Creek. Miss Minnie Lou Carter returned fe"*%^er h?me in Augusta Saturday affff|3pt ter a week's visit to her cousin, Miss ; * Mamie Morris. Miss Cora Lee Vara, the efficient f teacher of Clear Pond school, visited 3/ friends at Carlisle Sunday. Mrs. A. Q. Drawdy, of Farrell's, ' spent last Saturday and Sunday with 0'^ Mrs. J. B. Folk. .. ' p Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Folk are -5^ visiting relatives at Hilda. f ' Miss Mamie Morris spent last .v\ i week-end with Miss Clara Priester, oi j? Bambergv ' Mr. and Mrs. Joe Clayton, ol jfejl v Pelion, were visitors at the home of i ^ $ Mrs, A.. R. Walker last week. Miss Meta Hughes and Mrs. DuBois, spent Sunday with Mrs. P. K. : Rentz, near Ehrhardt. ' Messrs. Jones, Gunnells, and Drawdyi of Olar, were guests of Mr. Edward Walker Sunday. They came over in Mr.Drawdy's car. Mrs. P. K. Hughes, and Mrs. DuI Bois, visited Mrs. J. F. Mitchell Monfa/' f r ' . day. The public is cordially invited to attend a Christmas tree at Clear Pond school Thursday, December 23, > : beginning at 7 o'clock. / _ Colston News. TX_ _ 1 A XT7~ V.rta.T, UOISLOU, i/tJC. it. ?vo uaic uctu \ 5f.v- having cold leather for the past few days. Albert McMillan, of Bamberg, was tb# welcome gnest of his mother, - Mrs. J. C. McMillan, Sunday. ^ A Christmas tree will be given at * ^^-7 - 4 the Colston school house the 23rd, at v 5:30 o'clock. A special invitation is * * V- extended to the patrons and public. * VV Mr. Talbert Padgett was in the .v% r. . >: Springtown section Sunday. Mr. and Mrs.-Party Ayer, of Olar, % ; were the welcome guests of their mother, Mrs. Sam Clayton, on Sun u day. '* . N . ? Cop? Cullings. * Cope, Dec. 13.?Miss Julia Cope V ' returned home from Columbia on V. v- Saturday, she having been there the ^ * Past three weeks with relatives and - friends. Miss Evelyn Henerey, who spent the week-end with her cousin, Louise v . ? . Perryclear, of Orangeburg, returned home last night. % Winter is now putting in her ap eT&h* . ^ - r Wjk; ' CLAIMED BY DEATH. II \ Solicitor of First Circuit Succumbs to Illness at Home in Orangeburg. S< Orangeburg, Dec. 11.?Preston T. Hildebrand, solicitor of the 1st ju < ii- n cneiai circuit or soum taruima, uicu at his home in this city at 2:30 o'clock this morning. He had been very ill for some time, and the end, though a matter of great sorrow to the whole community, was not a sur- ^ prise. Mr. Hildebrand was a promi- ^ nent citizen of Orangeburg, and was well known all over the State. Sur, viving him are: his widow, Preston T. Jr., of Camden, Ark; Hydrick, of 0 Orangeburg; Hartwell, of Atlanta, and Miss Annie May Hildebrand, of this city. tl A Michigan inventor has brought c out a portable refrigerator, somewhat resembling a suit case, in which there j is a chamber for cracked ice above a ^ compartment for holding perishable goods. t I N? pearance in good style, and as a con- C sequence many fine porkers are pay- C ing the usual penalty; from now on e plenty of pudding, sausage, spare o ribs, etc., or in other word6:. and c hominy/' will be in evidence. It is understood that.the Sunday . Ll school of the Sawyer Memorial church will have a Christmas tree on < ^ Christmas eve night. Let every member of Cypress j camp, No. 161, W. O. W., remember that there will be a meeting on Thursday night, December 16, at sev- t en-thirty p. m., and that the annual t election of officers will take place at r that time. C Mr. Tom Broxton left on Saturday t 'for a visit to relatives and friends at ^ Broxton's bridge. g Quietly Married Sunday. . " t Cope, Dec. 13.?Last evening at seven-thirty o'clock Miss Dippie i Houck was qjuietly married at the home of her aunt, Mrs. J. S. Zeigler, of 39 Green street, Orangeburg, to 1 Mr. W. H. McKinney, of Greenwood. The Rev. C. B. Burns, of Cope, offi- I - ciated. . S Miss Houck is a daughter of Mr. S Jake Houck, of the Wesley Grove sec- S 1 tion of the Fork, and a member of t 1 Wesley Grove church, of which Rev. 5 Burns had charge the past year. Mr. I McKinney is a popular and prosper' ous business man and furniture deal- r er of Greenwood, his home town. c Immediately after the ceremony the " happy couple left by the Southern ^ 1 for their future home in Greenwood, Honor Roll Denmark School. 2 First grade?Albert Bean, J. Z. t Brooker, Leslie Easterling, Hoyt 1 Smoak, Louis Spann, Hugh Sharpe, 1 Govan Zeigler, Dorothy Hightower. > Second grade?Roger Smoak, Hagood Zorn, Helen Brooker, Dorothy ' ; Crum, Winnie'Cox, Mamie Turner, I Miriam Turner, Mary Hane Walker, Grace Wiggins. * 1 Third grade?John Turner, Ed- * ; ward Zeigler, Sarah Califf, Beatrice a Chitty, Julia Ray, Thelma Sharpe. * Fourth grade?James McCrae, s Frances Dozier, George Marion Hope, F Richard Sojourner, Albert Folk, Mar- s . garet Brooker. Fifth grade?Eldridge Hightower, c , Ruby Abstance, Joe Matthews, Helen Turner, Dorothy Riley, Evelyn Cain, * . Byrl Price, Dottie B. Smoak. 4 Sixth grade?Georgia LeCroy, 1 Ruth Califf. 1 , Seventh' grade?Edna Creech, F . Pearl Barr, Anna Matthews, Julia M. ^ Riley. / 0 Eighth grade?Harold Sojourner, / Ruth Folk, Cecile Hope, Elizabeth 1 McCrae, Julia McCrae. ^ Ninth grade?Willie Delle Hutto, 0 | Sadelle Cain, Julia Cox, Mildred Lee, a Ethel Patrick. c Tenth grade?Jasper Sojourner, ^ ; Genie Fogle, Barnwell Huggins, Zelma Herndon, Clara Wyman. Eleventh grade?Virginia Hutto. - t A Govan Goings. i ? t Govan, Dec. 10.?Boiling syrup o and killing hogs has been the order of " the day for some time. Mr. Cooper f Gunnels has made up 700 gallons of 5 nice syrup. Mr. C. W. Bessinger has butchered perhaps the largest hog in f the county; it tipped the scales after n being dressed for 510 pounds. If o anyone can beat that in this county v we would like to hear from him in c i the next issue. h We are glad to note the large acre- v ? -? i-Vinnt Vn-i i n rr nla n fori til mil cVi _ e ' ilgfcJ Ill A ncau uciiafc, yiUiiv^u v?iv/uou w out this community. r Our school rooms are filled with , a large number of students and the i school is progressing fine; the chil-( t . dren are beginning to make their d plans for Christmas and longing for p Santa to come.. jb N THE PALMETTO STATE }me occurrences of various KINDS IN SOUTH CAROLINA. tat? News Boiled Down for Quick Reading.?Paragraphs About Men and Happenings. t Dirt was broken Saturday for Sparmburg's new $250,000 hotel. The uilding will be seven stories tall. Elbert Dawkins, a Newberry counv negro, drank more than a quart f gin on Friday, December 3. He > dead. Dr. John A Brunson, of St. Mathews, has decided to accept a call to he pastorate of the First Baptist hurch of Sumter. The two story frame dwelling of ohn Whisonant, of Blacksburg, was estroyed by fire last week. The roperty was valued at about $3,000. McQueen Mack, a negro boy of )rangeburg county, is in jail in >rangeburg charged with an attemptd criminal assault upon a white girl if the Fork section of Orangeburg ountv. Rev. C. L. Brown, of Japan, has ?eenf elected a member of the Luthran Mission board to succeed Dr. R. C. Holland, who died in Columbia reently. He will be general secretary if the mission's board. By a vote of approximately four o one, McCormick won its new couny fight at Tuesday's election. The tame of the new county will be Mccormick county. The new county em>races portions of Abbeville, Greenvood and Edgefield counties. George W. Tidwell, sentenced tc even years' imprisonment for shootng R. Emmett Walker, after the later had admitted seducing his daugher, has abandoned his appeal to the mpreme court and will enter upor he service of his sentence within the lext few days. The following have been named as x>stmasters in different places ir >outh Carolina by the president: W >. Hite, Batesburg; G. I. Hutchinson Jummerville; W. J. Stanley, Hamp?* T n T/\vi -nir* nro Dinhnn c* A P UXI , J , V/. JCllUlLtgo, x JUituj, XX. X Stewart, McCormick; J. P. Ouzts Sdgefield; L. S. Bowers, Prosperity Greenwood Rogers and two othei legroes serving sentences on the ? State prison farm in Kershaw countj nade ther escape last week aftei hey had overpowered a guard anc aken his Winchester rifle and pisto tway froti liim. Rogers was serving i sentence of life imprisonment foi ;he murder of a white man in Lau -ens county. A reward of $50 has )een offered for the capture of eact >f the escaped convicts. Misspelled Words. v Seven out of every 100 third gradf mblic school children in the United Itates cannot spell the word "has/ Lccording to a report just compiled ?v Dr. Leonard P. kyres, of the Rus ell Sage Foundation, on the specia; roblems inherent in the' teaching o1 pelling. Dr. Ayres's study also irought out many other orthographk iddities. Dr. Ay res selected the 1,000 words hat constitute 90 per cent, of the anguage ordinarily used. This seection was made from various Engish authors, from four Sunday news>apers of Buffalo, N. Y., and from the ?usiness and family correspondence if more than 2,000 adults. Cooperating with the school superutendents in eighty-four cities of the Jnited States, Dr. Ayres had the 1,00 commonest words tested by an iggregate of 1,400,000 spellings, seured from 70,000 public school chilren. '* Nine words of most frequent use, iz, "the," "in," "so," "no," "now," man," "ten," "bed," "top," revealed hof copnnrl erarip nilDils on an av U1V V> WVVVfMX* Q* X 4 rage spelled correctly 94 per cent, of hese words. At the other extreme f the scale of words "judgment," recommend" and "allege" were ound to be spelled correctly by just 0 per cent, of eighth grade pupils. Dr. Ayres finds: "There are very ew exceedingly poor spellers, many Tedium ones, and very few excellent nes. Few words do most of our fork when we write. Fifty words onstitute, with their repetitions, onealf of the words written. The child fho masters the 1,000 words on the cale given will make no spelling erors in nine-tenths of his writing." A sand box for automobiles, like he familiar device on locomotives, to istribute sand under their tires to revent skidding, has been patented y a Massachusetts inventor. ARMOR PLATE PLANT BILL. . 1 Tillman to Introduce Measure in Sen/ ate Soon. f Washington, Dec. 9.?Senator Tillman, chairman of the naval commitL tee of the senate, intends to introduce tomorrow a separate bill for the establishment of a government armor plate plant, as he wishes to present this proposition to the country for discussion at once and does not believe the naval appropriation bill likely to 'reach the senate from the house before next June. Q Belled Buzzard Caught. v' A special from St. George, S. C., t on Thursday says: t "The famous belled buzzard that c has been reported to have been seen t and heard for some years has at last t been caught. Several years ago a belled buzzard was reported to have I been seen, but none had been able t to catch it until S. A. Shorter, who i resides on the farm of J. H. Behling, 3 Esq., of this place, caught this bird 1 in a trap and took from his neck a 1 large sized bell, with the initials of 1 T. M. W., Va., 1896.' This brass i bell is now at the office of the Dor- 1 Chester Eagle, where anyone who 1 wishes to see it may do so. The first * reports of the belled bird were taken < as a joke, but now it is seen to be J a fact." 1 i Who Am I? < - i I am more powerful than the com- t s bined armies of the world. ( I have destroyed more men than i . all the wars of the world. j I am more deadly than bullets, and ] I have wrecked' more homes than the mightiest of the siege guns. < I steal in the United States alone : over $300,000,000,000 a year. i I spare no one, and I find my vie- ] tims among the rich and poor alike; j the young and old; the strong and k weak; widows and orphans know me. < I loom up to such proportions that I cast my shadow over every field of ; 5 labor from the turning of the grindi stone to the movements of railroad trains. > I menace thousands upon thou nf Tvmre-eanrers in a year. I lurk in unseen places, and do ? most of my work silently. You are warned against me, but heed me noi. , I am relentless. I am everywhere; ; in the home, on the streets, in the r factory, at railroad crossings and on . the sea. I I bring sickness, degradation and 1 death and yet few seek to avoid me. r I destroy, crush, maim; I give nothing, but take all. I am your worst $nemy. 5 My name is CARELESSNESS.? i Exchange. Coins Short in Paris. Notices have been posted in many ? of the Parisian cafes that patrons [ who do not have the right change to ' pay for refreshments will have to acl cept postage stamps or checks for . change for any sum less than ten [ sous, says an Associated Press disC pitch. This is another indication of > the scarcity of coppers, which nu- ' j merous collections for charitable purposes have'- withdrawn temporarily ; from circulation, and the fact that i since money became scarce there has ' . been a tendency on the part of the . people to cling to what they have. . Some people are said to be hoarding ' j coppers because they the afraid they 1 > will get entirely out of them, and ! others, it is charged, are collecting . them with the less worthy motive of i making five francs premium on every . hundred francs in copper coin delivered at certain confidential points. . It is the old story of the Germans try. ing to drain France of its copper. The ( real reason is thought in official circles to be simply that the absence of ' gold overworks all the minor de[ nominations, copper and nickel, as * . well as silver. 1 f The mint is handicapped by the ( - c j mobilizing of some 01 its niacunitra for other urgent work for the nation; al defense and the copper coinage ; fell last month to 100,000 francs. Charged With Robbing Negro. Quincy Miller and John W. Shealy, young white men of Lexington county are in the Lexington county jail charged with robbing Cleveland Bell, . - , -f ?1 "il onH a 1 o-} ear-oiQ lic^ru uu^ ui f i.v ?uu v then setting his clothing on fire af- : ter they had poured kerosene over ( him. It. is said that the boy's pres- g ence of mind saved him from burn- 1 ing to death, he having jumped into I a pond nearby after his clothing was 1 ignited. He was painfully burned ? as it was. i Read the Herald, $1.50 per year. 'LAN FOR ADEQUATE NAVY 1 REPORT OUTLINES FIVE-YEAR BUILDING PROGRAMME. 1 'or First Time in History of Depart- ( ment Secretary's Estimates Exoee<l , Those of General Hoard. ] f Washington, Dec. 12.?Details of j he half billion-dollar navy continu- ; ng plan recommended to congress .re contained in the annual report of [ Secretary Daniels made public toLight. The report shows that for the first ime in the history of the department ' he secretary's recommendations inrease the expenditures proposed by 1 he general board. In this connecion the secretary says: "My recommendation of a five-year >rogramme embraces the same num>er as proposed by the general board n the distribution it made in the fiverear programme of dreadnaughts, >attle cruisers, scouts and destroyers. recommend fifteen fleet subma ines where the general board recomnends nine, and I recommend eightyive coast submarines, as against ifty-eiglit recommended by the general board. For additional reserve immunition, my recommendation is $25,000,000, whereas the general Doard recommends $11,000,00-0. They recommend something more for other jraft. My total for the five years is ?502,482,214. The general board's total is $499,876,000, a very slight lifference for the five years, though the board's recommendation for the first year is much larger than the department's estimate." The five-year programme for new ships and completion of those already authorized reaches a grand total of $502,482,214, with large appropriations for reserve ammunition and aviation. Secretary Daniels differed from the general board in one important particular at least as to the programme/ although the total number of ships to be constructed and the types recommended are those proposed by the board. The secretary says: Board's Advice. "The general board* was called upon for advice in this conection, and the department has accepted its recommendations as regards numbers of. capital ships. As regards their distribution over a five-year period, it was concluded, in .view of all the cir-| cumstances, that it would be best to' make this as nearly uniform as might be. This course has obvious practical advantages, particularly in view of the present congested condition of the shipbuilding industry in this country. Moreover, since the maximum rate of expenditure upon the capital ships, which take some years to build in any case, will not be reached immediately, it enables us to concentrate more at first upon submarines and other quickly built craft, so that we will get earlier returns for our expenditure in the shape of completed vessels." It is understood the board recommended a particularly large pro-: gramme for the first year. The secretary calls attention to the j fact that he established a precedent j last year in making public the report J of the general board, which he will j follow- this year at a later date. The ! result, he says, is certain to arouse discussion as between the recommendations of the board and of the secretary, but adds: "But discussion makes for knowledge and a wise decision. The general board is influenced by it sprofessional views, while the adminis- j Lration takes into consideration the ( svhole national policy and does notj overlook the question of national evenues." Fleet of 1921. Following will be the composition )f the fleet in 1921, built or building, f the programme is carried out, according to the general board's calculations, the secretary says: Battleships, firstjine 27 Battle cruisers 6 3attleships, second line 2#f> ( Armored cruisers 10 . Scout cruisers 13 Bruisers, first class 5 , Bruisers, second class 3 i Bruisers, third class 10; Destroyers 108: Heet submarines 18 ; Boast submarines 1ST Monitors * 0 j Bunboats 20 supply ships 4 Transports 4 ^uel ships 15 , Tenders to torpedo vessels 3 Special types 8 , Ammunition ships 2 Read the Herald, $1.50 per year.' PRESIDENT OF CONVENTION. ''J baptists Choose Newberry for Meeting Place Next Year. J Greenville, December 14.?With the election of Major T. T. Hyde, of Charleston, as president, the Baptist convention adjourned its present annual session tonight at a late hour, rhe election of officers came as the last important matter. Major F. N\ K. Bailey, of Greenwood, and C. B. Bobo, of Laurens, were the other canci x J i x. mi- _ _ C aiaaies ior president, ine otiier m-. ficers elected were: Secretary, Dr. C. A. Jones; assistant secretary, the Rev. E. S. Reaves, of Honea Path; auditor, Jas. A. Hoyt, of Columbia; treasurer, C. B. Bobo, of Laurens; statistical secretary, the Rev. W. E. Wilkins, of Greenville. The convention was considered one of the best ever held in the history of the church, as many matters of vital interest were disposed of. Newberry was chosen as the next meeting place. \ ||| Growing Black Cotton. Arthur W. Brabham, the farmer of Bamberg county, S. C., who recently got his name in the papers throughthe claim that he is succeeding in growing cotton in all the shades of /-J| the spectrum, figures in The Manufacturers Record, J. Irby Koon undertaking to enlighten the public as to the progress being made at dyeing ; cotton as it grows in the boll. Brabham has heen experimenting for several years. His chief objective, we are told by Mr. Koon, is to produce black cotton. "A distinctly bronzed tint has been realized by; six years of systematic cross-fertilization of the Egyptian brown with the Russell big boll, a variety common to South Carolina planttations," says Mr. Koon. "Pnntinnaflnn Af thic nlan tllA RaITI berg county plant breeder is confident, will bring the hybrid black, which he regards as the missing link in the basic colors of his cotton scheme." Brabham's plan of procedure is simple, but slow in ultimate attainment. "Early in the day/* writes Mr. Koon, "when the blossom M first opens wide, the pollen is shaken from the bloom of one variety into the Hoom of another. The fertilized ^ bloom is then tied up that bees may not infect. Though white the fi^st ,^|1 day, the blooms turn pink and drops the following day, so that the operation is as brief as it is simple. The Egyptian cotton used as one basic M stock is a brownish hue. ^The Russell big boll, on which it is crossed, enlarges the Egyptian boll and adds quality to the length of the fibre. The seed of the Russel also has a blanket wrapped about of exceedingly short, greenish, fuzzlike fibre. The elongation of this has had a distinct v|| effect in producing the bronzed typo of hybrid cotton." We are told that rtno 1 oY>crn rt/vftnn fo^tAPv in \Tonr Uliv 1UI WVVUU 1UVVV* J 1U ?1V f< - ? O land has an eye on Brabham's experimentations, and is making elaborate v; , tests with the Brabham cotton in the manufacture of mercerized goods. Brabham, who seems to be pretty much of a historian on cotton, is in- .3 couraged by the fact that even now four distinct tints are being grown in different parts of the world. He showed Mr. Koon samples of Chinese yellow cotton "grown from seed imported from the Far East. Flanking the fence parallel with the road by his home grew Egyptian brown of luxuriant growth, well fruited with shapely bolls, as if perfectly ac-. climated. He further emphasized that gray cotton is grown in India, , ^ varieties similar to the Egyptian in Peru and Hawaii and South America, and a reddish-hued cotton also in Peru." The Observer, always a patron of the sciences and the arts, is a firm believer in the coming of black cotton. Nature grows a perfectly black wool on the backs of sheep. What is to prevent her from growing j black cotton in the fields of the South??Charlotte Observer. Shot Entering Store. Jim Red, Ernest McGrier and Eugene Lipford, negroes, are under arrest charged with entering the store of W. T. Fuller, a merchant of Bradley, Greenwood county, and stealing goods therefrom. The store owner having missed goods on several occasions, set a gun at the door fixed in such a manner as to be discharged when the door was opened. At thp timp nf thp last robbery the gun was discharged but there was no evidence of the guilty parties. A rural policeman noticing the negro, Jim Red, limping several days later, became suspicious, and examining the negro's leg found lour shots in it. Red then confessed that he had entered the store and had been shot and he also implicated the other two negroes.