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The Bamberg herald. [volume] (Bamberg, S.C.) 1891-1972, April 22, 1920, Image 1

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$2.00 Per Year in Advance BAMBERG, S. C., THURSDAY, APRIL 22,1920. Established in 1891
THE HOBO ALMOST
CONEFROMCOUNTRY
OLD TIME ARMY OF TRAMPS
THING OF THE PAST.
Result of Prohibition?
Prosperous Times of Past Few Years
Cut Big Figure?Xo Loafers Except
Those Who Prefer Idleness.
The American hobo is rapidly becoming
extinct. Reports from western
railroad centers indicate that at the
present rate the genuine Weary Willie,
hordes of whom traversed the
country up to a couple of years ago,
rvMAAt r\ nnrirtoifv O O
Will SUUU ue US gicai a tui juouj uc
the buffalo.
His passing has been from a vastly
different reason, however. No
tragedy lurks in the background; no
pathos tinges the tale on the disappearing
knight of the road. The
hobo has not been hunted to death.
H? has been transformed into an industrial
citizen, or at least is nowT so
classified.
Incredible as it may seem to some,
thousands of men who a few years
ago were full fledged tramps, beating
their way from town to town, filling
county jails and working spasmodioailv
nn farms when compelled by J
necessity to do so, are today in prosperous
circumstances.
They have deserted the life of wandering
to take up steady, profitable
work in cities. They have exchanged
the tattered habiliment of the scarecrow
for modish, costly clothing,
"purple and fine linen." Instead of
crowding around the jungle fires in
railway yards, skulking from the police,
they are today living in hotels
or in their own homes, many reunited
with families whom they had deserted
years ago. "Mulligan"
doesn't fill the soul of the transformed/hobo
with content today. In its
place he is living on the fat of the
land.
What Put Them on New Road.
The great war, which brought
such incalculable suffering and desolation
to the civilized world was very
kind to the American tramp. It proved
a melting pot in which many of
them, enlisted in the ranks as fighting
men, were refined. Other thousands
were literally taken by the throat by,
military necessity and put to work.
After a few months, the habit of industry
formed, life looked differently
to them and they graduated once ana
for all from the vagabond to the producing
element of society. A small i
number have dropped from the ranks,
-faithful to their old lazy instincts.
The good fortune of the hobo has
spelt despair and great vexation of
spirit to western farmers. In "the
good old days" the farmers largely
depended upon the itinerant help
that dropped or was thrown off the
freight trains, or who happened to
like the look of the place in passing.
Today the farm is looking in vain
for such help. The tramps who once
were willing to work for him for a
week or two are now working at
trades in cities, drawing big wages,
or in business for themselves and
flourishing like a green bay tree. It
is impossible to get tramps to work
in the country now. The fewr tramps
on the road, if they feel like working,
head for the nearest big city, and
there find work at pay two or three
times as big as the farmers can offer.
Communities such as Aberdeen, S.
D., report that the tramp farm hand
is no more known in the land. He
neither works there nor is he arrested
onH nut in tho "cooler" as was his
\ MUU ? - - - - wont
of the dear dead past.
Jailer Neuman, custodian of the
"Hotel Abandon" at St. Paul, reports'
that his old customers are few and |
far between today. He gives the war
I credit for the change to a large extent,
and says that the passing of the
saloon has also helped in the work of
reclamation.
Captain James Hussey, special
agent of the Pennsylvania railroad at
Indianapolis, takes the same view,
holding that when the hoboes who
went to war learned that they were
useful and acquired habits of cleanliness
and regularity and discipline,
they passed through the door into a
new life, and closed the door, behind
them.
Social welfare workers at Lincoln,
Neb., report that they receive an avIerage
of only nine appeals for help a
month from tramps as against two
hundred calls three years ago. They
say that prohibition and shortage of
labor have already been responsible
for the improvement.
Chief of Detectives Mooney, of Chi
HOME DEMONSTKATIOX DEPT.
.Miss Emma Jane Yarn, Home
Demonstration Agent.
Now that the hatching season is
about over, one way in which our
housekeepers can save money is by
preserving the surplus eggs in water-glass.
This is a preparation that
seals the egg and prevents contact
with the air, thus preventing spoilage.
The idea is to put these eggs
up when they are cheap for use during
the fall and winter months when
they are scarce and high. The best
results are obtained when the eggs
are added to the solution each day
and one is sure then that they fresh.
The quality of the eggs must be good
as one bad egg will spoil several
dozen or all in the container. If
there is any doubt as to the freshness
of the egg do not use it. Use
only those that you are sure are absolutely
fresh.
This is very easy for those who
have their own eggs, but the housekeeper
who has no hens and has to
get the eggs from others must use
more care. It is usually possible to
get them from some reliable person
and put them in the solution a few
days after they are laid. The freshness
of the eggs if doubtful can be
determined by candleing.
A^siean stone jar is the best container,
although the .Mason fruit jars
may be used. An eight-gallon jar
will hold about eighteen dozen eggs.
One part of water-glass is mixed
with ten parts of water that has been
boiled and cooled. The jar is thoroughly
cleaned and scalded and filled
half full of the mixture, then the;
eggs added as they can be obtained.
Dirty eggs should not be used. They
should be put ^n until with about i
three inches of the top. Great care j
must be exercised that they are al-j
ways covered with two inches of the
solution. It is not necessary that
the container be tightly sealed, but \
it should be shut so as to prevent
evaporation. Should sonjte evaporate
simply add more boiled water that
has been cooled. Eggs will keep
from eight to twelve months and can
be removed from the container at any
time for use and more added.. They
should be kept in a cool place in
summer ana in some piaee wueiei
they will not freeze in winter.
Children's Programme for April.
1. Meeting called to order, president.
2. Roll call by secretary, each
member reporting work done since
last meeting.
3. Minutes of last meeting by secretary.
Song.
4. Talks by agent. A. Gardening.
B. Poultry?(1) Care of baby
chicks. (2) Control of lice and
mites. C. Peanut?(1) Planting.
5. First lesson in sewing.
Now that organization work is completed
I shall begin my regular
monthly meetings with the different
clubs. We shall take up our first
lesson in sewing and the first article
to be made is a sewing bag. For this
a piece of cloth 28x10 inches will
be needed. The selection of this material
is left to the individual children
and they may have any kind of
cloth but I would suggest cretonne,
linen, chambray, or something on that
order. I shall write the secretary of
each club the day I shall meet her
club and she will tell the other mem
UC1 o.
Just a word about control of lice
and mites as this is the time of the
year they begin to become troublesome.
The fight to get rid of them
or to prevent them should begin during
this month. If this is not done
a great many of the little chicks will
die from them and the vitality of the
whole flock lowered.
Sometimes we feel there is no effective
remedy for these evils but
sodium fluorid has been found to be
very effective. Sodium fluorid is a
white powder which can be had from
any druggist. One pound of this will
treat 100 hens. Apply a pinch of
the powder at the base of the feath
ers on the head, breast, back, wings
and base of tail.
Of course all poultry houses
should be cleaned thoroughly and
sprayed with kerosene or crude oil.
White wash should also be used. I
shall be glad to supply anyone interested
with bulletins or order direct
from Washington farmers bulletin
Xo. 801.
cago, said that there is a great falling
off in the number of beggars in
that city.
"Two years ago we had 2,000 beggars
here, and today I doubt if there
are 100," he said in discussing the
passing of the tramp.
WIGGINS'S SLAYER
CAUGHT LAST WEEK
ARTHUR DAILKY TAKEN IX
BERKELEY COUNTY.
Don Woman's Apparel
Man Hurried Away to State IV nit en tentiary
for Safe
Keeping.
After a chase of more than a week
Arthur Dailey, gunman, who mortally
wounded Magistrate Jeff D. Wiggins
in a fight at Elloree on the
night of April 7 is now safely lodged
in the state penitentiary at Columbia.
The capture was made about
-1 T?-! -I-v.. O foir
a ay urea k r nua> uiuiuiug a ?.
miles north of Pinopolis in Berkeley
county more than 60 miles from the
scene of his crime of a week ago.
The negro was taken in hand by a
group of men among whom were
Policeman D. L. Sanders and Gordon
Wiggins of the eastern section of
Orangeburg county. At the time of
his hiding in the county to the south
Dailey was garbed in a woman's
clothes and masquerading as a fe-j
male in his attempt to make a get-j
awa;- from the power of the law.
Shortly after his capture Sheriff Den- j
nis, of Berkeley county, and others;
rushed the man to Summerville, I
where he was placed aboard a Southern
train and taken through this city
to the penitentiary in Columbia.
Vigil Kept.
Officers had been on the alert for
*
the man and Sheriff R. F. Dukes, of
this county, and other county officers
had been constantly watching
every avenue of escape for some clue
of the man's hiding rlace. It appears
that he made good his escape
from the border of Orangeburg county
early last week and that staying
with friends in die northern portion
of Berkeley county he later landed
with some negro families near Cooper's
store in that section. It was
here that officers were given a tip
that the man was in hiding and took
prompt action to apprehend the outlawed
man. Policeman Sanders and
Mr. Wiggins were notified Wednesday
night of the reported whereabouts
of the negro and hastened to
assist in the taking of the outlaw.
About break of day yesterday the
men surrounded a house on the farm j
of Louis Harvey a few miles to the:
* i
north of Pinopolis and ordered the
man to come from his hiding. A few
minutes later he emerged with both
hands above his Lead and gave up to
the guardians of the law. Prior to
his emergence from the house at the
command of the officers, Dailey was
told that in the event of his surrender
without a fight that if? would be
cared for and that the law would be
allowed to run its course.
In Overalls.
When he came from the house
with both hands above his head Dailey
wore a new suit of overalls and a
new cap. While it was adimtted by
many in that section that he had
been wearing the female apparel he
was at that time garbed in the
denim. 1 /
It was found that two shotguns and
a heavy calibre revolver were in the
bed from which the man had just
arisen at the command of the officers.
A reward of $500 had just been
offered by Governor Cooper and citizens
of Eutawville had also offered
a like amount making a price of $1,000
on the head of the outlawed negro.
While officers of this counand
citizens of the neighboring county
participated in the capture it is
not decided just yet to whom the reward
will go. Sheriff Dennis, of
Berkeley county became a party to
the affair only after the negro had
been captured and he had been sent
for by members of the party, it was
said hero today.
The taking of Arthur Dailey ends
a hunt which was started last week
when the negro in a fight with officers
at Elloree shot the late Magistrate
Wiggins when he and associate
officers were about to arrest
Dailey on a warrant. After the affair
feeling about that portion of the
county became inflamed and efforts
were made to find and lynch the negro.
Many stories were told of his
whereabouts and hunting parties
were on the vigil for him in the
swamp land to the south of Parler.
Denies Shooting.
Dailey steadfastly denied any
knowledge or connection with the
the shooting of Magistrate Wiggins,
officers said and declared that he
TELLS OF POISONING
FOR BOLL WEEVIL
1
OPIXIOX BV PltOF. A. F. CONKA1>I, j
CLEM S( >N ENTC>M()L(Mil ST.
I
Position of the Experts ,
" I
Conservative Cse of Mixtures Kecommended
for Farmers of
Tliis Section.
Clemson College. April 17.?Answering
inquiries from merchants as
well as farmers from Charleston and
other points in the coastal counties,
Prof. A. F. Conradi, entomologist for
the State Crop Pest Commission, has
written the following carefully preI
r\o i?a/1 f-tniAmAnf O nrvl hln n C TTflPI Ck 1 1 V
pai cu oia Lciucii l a^^iivu
to the coastal region. Prof. Conradi,
representing the commission, has had
opportunity to gather information
from all angles and of course desires
to interpret and present it in a way
to serve the best interests of the
state. He is not unmindful of the
mercantile interests as well as the
agricultural. He says:
| "1. The conditions in the Missj
issippi delta, where experiments for
| a number of years have been conduct
|
[ed, are very different from those ob-|
j taining in this state and we must
therefore compare them with great
reserve and great care before deciding
on recommendations for 1920 in
South Carolina. The foremost experts
are not prepared to recommend
a definite procedure for our state until
a series of experiments have been
completed under our conditions in
1 920. These tests and experiments
are now under consideration and
preparation.
For Charleston County.
"2.* 'We recommend very conser-f*
vative poisoning in those coastal and
near-coast countries where the wee%
vil is now entering 011 the third and
fourth year, including the fall
when it first appears. This includes
Charleston county. Undertake from
a few acres to not exceeding twentyfive
acres. Get the best equipments
absoultely safe cal-arsenate, and the
necessary labor. Begin poisoning
when infestation has reached approximately
20 per cent, as determined
by standard methods, and proceed
strictly according to the recommendations
of the most experienced men
on the subject. We understand what
these recommendations are and will
be glad to furnish them with the distinct
understanding that they are recommendations
only and not based on
experiments and experience in this
state. Be thoroughly prepared to j
that when once begun the schedule
will be correctly completed and that
not a single step is.missed; otherwise,
we feel sure that you are courting
entire failure.
"3. Calcium arsenate may be
boueht from anv reliable Derson who
sells it but it should not be used ?y
anyone until a sample has been sent
to the U. S. Delta Laboratory, Tallulah,
La., and the material reported
by the laboratory as meeting the government
specifications. This material
is examined free of charge and
blanks, together with instruction
sheets are furnished by the above
laboratory or this office.
"4. We have at this time not sufficient
reason for considering the
hand dusting machines seriously in
cotton dusting. They have not the
covering power of the traction machines.
They have very limited acreage
ability and in practice they are
laborious and it is very difficult to
keep laborers to operate them. They
j are mainly intended for the nooks
j and corners of fields which are not
j accessible to the traction machine,
j For the present they are the best
j available substitute for the small
iarnier until tne less expensive uac-j
i tion machine for one horse can be
perfected for use.
None of the old types of hand!
dusting machines are recommended.!
; j
There are several machines built
on late principles which may be
employed for such work for which
was not on the train at the time of
the tragedy. His appearances however,
it was said, indicated that he
had been in flight of the law and the
cuts and scores over the man bore
testimony to his reputation as a
"scrapper'' in the eastern section of
the county.
His trial will be held in the local
courts, it is said, and will' be a feature
of the summer or later terms,
according to statements here yesterday.?Orangeburg
Times and Democrat.
SCHOOL LEGISLATION' AT J
LAST SESSION*.
Education fared better at the
lands of the last legislature than with
any of its predecessors. In general
attention may be directed to the following
fgcts. The growing shortage
of- teachers has been caused by the
high cost of living and better pay in
other lines than teaching. This condition
has been partly met by providing
inducements for higher sal- 1
aries in both the graded schools under
the Equalizing Act, and in the
high schools. Trustees are asked to
avail themselves of these advantages
at once. Another important
act is that which permits a district ^
to raise a tax of fifteen mills for cur- b
rent expenses. Formerly eight mills 1
was the limit. In round numbers v
state aid for education as provided 1
by the legislature amounts to $1,- s
000,000. c
State Building Aid.
This has been so changed as to s
grant $.">0 state aid for every $100 6
raised by the school, by gifts, taxes 2
or otherwise. This increased aid is '
modified by the following conditions; 1
for a one room school house not c
more than $400 is available, for a *
two class room building not more
than $600: a school of three class- c
rooms shall not receive more than ?
$S00. While a school of four or ?
more class rooms shall not receive c
more than $1,000. Not more than
one school in a district shall be aid- i
ed during a year, except on an ex- t
cellent showing. A $50 bonus is granted
in cases of consolidation, r
This of course is exclusive of aid t
crro n f nrl l\v t ha nnnntir KaoivI at' dH 11- \
aiiicu if > L11^ v uuniy mwu.au. m l wiu- i
cation. A second allotment of state It
aid may be gTanted when additions f
are made to the building. A new i
feature added is a condition that at s
least four acres must be in the school a
lot except when this is not possible, i
Medical Inspection of Teachers. c
A new provision to prevent the t
teaching in public schools by teachers
suffering from tuberculosis or
other infectious disease provides r
that each teacher must under a pen- a
alty of not more than $~>0 fine or p
imprisonment of 30 days, secure a \
certificate from a physician stating c
that the teacher has no open case of s
any infectious disease. The certifi- c
cate must be in the form provided e
by the state board of education. c
Physical Examination of All Pupils.
In order to prevent infection, all s
children in the public schools must t
be annually examined for any infec- ?
tious or contagious disease by a phy- t
sician or registered 'nurse. A simi- t
lar examination must be made by a ?
dentist of the teeth of all pupils. The
reason for this act is that when the j
state sets aside any money for pub- j
lie instruction it has a right to ex- r
pect that each child shall get fair re- a
turns. This would be impossible ei- \
ther in the case of a child with a con- c
tagious disease breaking up the t
school or in the case of a child with r
a remediable defect losing the ad- t
vantage from public instruction. ^
A Dog Tax. j
Somehow the news has gone abroad c
(Continued on page 8, column 6.) t
the hand machine is intended. In
practice and for the beginner not
over five acres per hand machine are <
recommended.
"6. There are several responsible
manufacturers building traction*dlisting
machines intended to be ready <
for use beforet he dusting machines i
begins. # ;
"7. It appears at present that the ]
dusting machine will to a very great j
extent at least replace the spray \
pump, and while the various types i
of dusting machines will very likely (
become in greater demand from year j
to year, we cannot see at the present i
time that the hand machine deserves (
very serious consideration for cotton t
dusting for boll weevil control. <
"S. Owing to the seriousness of ]
the weevil pest, farmers are inclined <
to be over-responsive to dusting projects.
In the absence of definite in- i
formation to act on in 1 920 there (
should be a strong tendency to hold !
back instead of pushing the poison-1
ing. Conservatism in 1920 will mui-j
tiplv sales in 1921 and thereafter,!
while the opposite course we believe j
will cause many disappointments and
a lack of confidence not justified.
"9. Proceed slowly on a small
scale with a full knowledge that poisoning
is still in the experimental
stage. Otherwise it is better to let1
it alone and await developments this
season.
"10. Have cal-aresnate examined
as directed before using. Dusting
will very not likely begin until latter
June or early July.
"A. P. CONRADI, ]
"Chief Entomologist." ]
/
e YORKER KILLED
AT CHURCH SERVICE
)K. JAMES MARKOE SHOT WHILE
TAKING UP OFFERING.
Insane Man Charged
'honias W. Simpkin, Who Escaped
From Asylum, Held?Tragedy
at Fashionable St. George's.
New York, April 18.?Dr. James
larkoe, a well known surgeon, was
hot and killed today while taking
ip the offering at the morning ser'ice
in the fashionable St. George's
5rotestant Episcopal church, 15th
;treet and Stuyvesant place, in the
Id aristocratic district of New York.
His assailant was captured after a
ihort chase by a group of parishonts.
The prisoner gave his name first,
is Thomas \V. Shelley and later as
rhomas \Y. Simpkin. The police said
le told them he had escaped Thurslay
from tlr& Eastern state hospital
or the insane at Williamsburg, Va.
jji\ .uarKoe, a weaitny vestryman
)f the church, was a friend and personal
physician to J. P. Morgan, also
i parishoner there. He was 56 years
>Id.
The church was crowded with parshoners,
many of them representaives
of the wealthiest families in
f
sew York, when the shooting took
dace. Dr. Markoe was walking down
lie left aisle taking up the collection
vhile the choir \^as singing an anhem.
As he reached the 12th pew
rom the rear and leaned over to
>ass the plate, Simpkin, who was
seated next to the aisle, whipped out
l revolver and fired at the physician
t is said. The bullet struck him- ,
>ver the ^eft eye, and he collapsed in
he aisle.
Choir Sings Oil.
Several women screamed and men
ushed from their seats some to the
id of the physician and others in
>ursuit of his assailant. Simpkin,
vith the revolver in his hand, leaped
>ver the body of the physician and \
tarted to run out of the church. The
Va!?? 1 a/l kt* o t?1 o o ff
livn , uj V/uanca oauuiu, cuutiuud
singing in an effort to quiet the,
ongregation.
Simpkin continued shooting. His
econd shot, directed at members of
he congregation who were pursuing
lim, went wild. John C. Tideman,
he sexton, dropped to the floor in /
ime to escape the third bullet which
grazed the cheek of J. Morgan Jones.
Simpkin then ran from the church
nto Stuyvesant square. George E.
Brewer, M. D., was the first man to a
each him. He grabbed the man's
irm but Simpkin managed to wriggle
limself loose long enough to fire an!ther
shot, which grazed Dr. Brewer's
high. By that time several other
nembers of the congregation had
hrown Simpkin to the ground and
vere holding him down when a po- /
iceman arrived, handcuffed the pris>ner
and took him to the police staion.
^ Itl ?'
DEMOCRATS TO ORGANIZE.
Clubs Called on to Meet Saturday
April 24th for Organization.
County Chairman J. F. Carter is
calling on the democrats of the county
to meet in their various clubs on
Saturday. April 24th, for the purpose
of organization, etc. The meeting
of the clubs will formally open
the campaign for the summer. As
ret there is heard no talk of politics,
ind so far as we have learned there
is no politics adrift in the county
ip to this time. The prospective
candidates will now begin to groom
themselves for the campaign this
mmmer, and inasmuch as everybody
*uns this year, there is bound to be
some lively politics.
The clubs will meet at their various
meeting places and elect officers,
delegates, executive committeemen.
etc. Tt is very necessary that
5very club in the county shall meet
it the appointed time. Two new
clubs have been petitioned for. *
The county chairman urgently rejue?ts
that there shall' be a full rep esentation
of the voters at all of the
club meetings.
The county convention will be held
)n Monday, May 3, at the court
louse. The advertisement of the
county chairman appears elsewhere
n this issue of The Herald. We suggest
that all interested read the advertisement
carefully.
^ ?
Just received, line of Westinghouse
electric irons. FAULKNER
ELECTRIC SERVICE CO. tfn

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