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Cloudy, with rain, tonight, much change in tempera not ture. (Eltl* ;N£ttrj3 GOOD AFTERNOON You can tell an able businet* executive today by the com pany he keep*. VOL. 52—No. 27 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1933 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS ice President Will Attend Cabinet Sessions JPPMAN WARM SPRINGS GUEST By FREDERICK A. STORM lited Preis Staff Correspondent WAIJM SPRINGS, Ga., Feb. t. IP)—The name Senator Cordell ii;. , : Tennessee, was promin tly injected into cabinet specu i_n .i>: n *t<: as President-elect osevflt revealed that he would me here today for a conference. I; . reported, mipht be [ered : h e state department jr-ta-yshii', a post for which rrr.an H. Davis, arms confer- | : xiu-it ;tmi Owen I>. Yuunu. | i,»:iia!ist, have been mention >.cniticance is attached to l Flail visit in view of the Tact r. n!v those persons who have |n "expressly invited" are com- I to the "little white house" i Roosevelt's stay. lull is former Democratic na i-. chairman and was one of original Roosevelt supporters r nve-convention fight. falter Lippman, political eco B : New York City also b« here today to confer with | . :it-elect. Asked if the , of the two could be linked ] the .general discussion of he now is having: with A. Farley, Democratic na H>a.: chairman and other party ■ . soiiiod . and j ■ k hisnead. ■ariey and Frank Walker, Dem ■ national treasurer sat ;>s I si le as the president-elect par ft questions of newspaper k and indicated that there Bl. be ii" cabinet announce Br forthcoming from Warm ■jngs. 'fflniol 1« » V r AAt XT* najs of documents in his lap, My to resume the conversation patronage at the conclusion of [interview. this connection it was report iiere in sources close to Roose that the name of Homer iimin^s, of Connecticut, form lational chairman was under liberation for a post in the -iimin;strtion. Cummings, it I >aid. may be asked to assume i navy department portfolio, hat there will be a surprise " the list of appointments K is made public by the pres |t-t!ec* was freely predicted Observers recalled Roose is not averse to breaking ^tient and may demonstrate it fie rounding out of his official [ith Farley and Walker re linjr here until Roosevelt de-1 > the end of the week for iiia. it was believed that the >r appointments would be dis of. irninw to a discussion of the situation, Roosevelt revealed he did not expect to see any ambassadors before the lal opening of the debt and »mie meetings that will open 'uron immediately after, ph 4 made known his views when if he would converse with Italian ambassador along the lines as with Sir Ronald fay. British envoy. 1*RM SPRINGS, Ga., Feb. 1. '—The vice president will "sit he Roosevelt cabinet, it was last night. _ 1 sident-elect Roosevelt said .'■he custom inaugurated by ('ent Harding and carried out r- Coolidge and Mr. Hoover ■.be continued by him. identally, it also was learned it was a suggestion from v"' -hat started the custom nation's second highest of Participating in the cabinet «ions. • story goes that Mr. Roose h*hen the running mate of r M. Cox, suggested a close kration between the two, ■d they win. Cox readily as I and in a statement pledged rr.v it out. r Harding, however, was the f» whom the opportunity IRIKE IS LAID COMMUNISTS [TROIT. Feb. 1. (UP)—Com leaders fomented the i* strike that stopped their ies and forced the closing* of 0,d plants in the countrp, ftr(l plants in the country, td today Court Went A-courting, And— A Florida honeymoon was chosen by Justice and Mrs. Benjamin Shall*ck after their marriage in New York. Mrs. Shalleck is the for mer Lillian Roth ot' stage and screen fame and, according to friends, considers returning: to the stage after the honeymoon. The couple is shown just after the wedding ceremony. CALLED OFF Party Rift and Postponement Develop By THOMAS L STOKES United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON. Feb. 1. (UP). The house Democratic* leadership abandoned suddenly yesterday an attempt to make a united party stand against President Hoover's proposal to increase tariffs against countries with depreciated curren cies. . Three hours after it was decid ed to call a party caucus today to bind members in fierhtingr the Hoo ver proposal, which conies before the house February 13, it was an nounced that the caucus had been called off. Democratic Floor Leader Henry T. Rainey was the spokesman. He first announced the caucus after a conference with Speaker John II Garner and Democratic members of the house ways and means committee, at which he said it was decided to defer all tariff legisla tion until the special session. Then he announced that the cau cus had been postponed, at least temporarily, until the committee could inquire further into the is sue which has become a doininan* one since President Hoover s in tercession. There is a slight party rift on the problem. A Democrat, Rep. Samuel B. Hill, Washington, is one of the leading advocates oi tariff increases. He is supported bv other members from the l a cific coast where industries, espe ciallv lumber and fish, have been damaged by goods from nations enjoyinjr cheaper production costs because of depreciated currencies. Democratic leaders, it ^as a s" sumed had decided upon the cau cus in order to stamp out this mi nor revolt. A two-thirds vote m a caucus binds every member, un-. less there are previous pledges to constituents. The sudden shift caused some mystification. , "It's a matter of prudence, Rainey explained. "Nobody ought to make up his mind until he gets the facts." - "There's a rapid shifting of views in a time like this," he add ed with a smile. i Rainey, a leading candidate for the speakership in the next con fess said Hill conferred with him after the decision to call a I caucus was announced. - I new Democrats will enter the house from the Pacific coast area in the next congress. In discoursing furth^ about the reversal of plans, Rainey ' philosophized upon how tariffs < - I ways have divided parties. ^ He ! wandered way back to Egypt ol 3,000 years ago in tracing tne origin of tariffs. , Republicans exulted over the i division in Democratic rank>. ' bolstered their hopes for passag - ! of this form of a bill by the house, j No one believes the senate 'j 'accept such a measure, but it ha< ' given the Republicans an issue. Half-Starved Cuban Political Exiles Are Held | Found in Florida Keys, 15 ( Men Are Taken to Camp by U. S. Patrol MIAMI. Fla., Feb. t._(UP)—• Fifteen half-starved Cuban politi cal exiles, 13 of them students, were taken in custody yesterday r«t Tavanier in the Florida Keys] and brought to Miami by U. U. | border patrol officers. Later they were released into custody of the Cuban exiles camp here by immigration authorities until headquarters at Washington can consider their case. The refugees told stories simi lar to those heard often here j among hundreds of exiled Cubans j who have established residences here until such time as the regime of President Gerardo Mac had) either ends or will permit their | return to Cuba. The exiles declared they wer?j persecuted and "hunted down" by, "President Machado's secret po-l lice" until they were forced to es cape their country. They fled in a 1 40-foot boat with only small sup plies of water and food. During an extremely rough voyage northwestward, they said many had jumped into the sea when they felt the boat would sink, but had resumed the voyage. Rations of food and water, small at best, gave out some time be-j fore they reached the mainland, they said, and they were badly in need of assistance when found near Tavanier. Some of the refugees said they had only recently been released from Cuban prisons when the group set sail from Panchita Beach, Cuba, January 28. As far as could be determined, none of the exiles in this^ particu lar group, were prominent m Cuba. Capone is Still Seeking Freedom ATLANTA. Ga., Feb. 1. (UP). Alphonse Capone, former Chicago underworld czar, yesterday start ed still another attempt to force federal authorities to release him from federal penitentiary here where he is serving a ten-year sentence on conviction of a charge of income tax evasion. Capone obtained from Federal Judge Marvin Underwood an ap plication for an appeal from Judge Underwood's recent decision denying the former gang leader motion or a writ of habeas corpus. The granting of the application, i a mere routine of court techni ! cality. was extended in absence of ' even Capone's attorneys, who had ! left the necessary papers Monday for affixation of the court's sig ' nature, done yesterday. CLOSE WEED MARKET KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Feb. 1. (UP)—Knoxville's barley market J ended a successful season Tuesday | with total sales of 7,396,700 pounds of burley leaf sold for ; $1,086,500, an average of 14.75 (cents per pound. Last year $843,029 was paid for 18,878,1 lfi pounds at an average of 9.50 cents per pound. R. F. C. May Fund Oversea Bridge WASHINGTON, Feb. 1 (UP) —Proposed construction of an overseas bridge at Key West, Fla. has been placed in the "number one classification group" among | applications for loans from the Reconstruction Finance Corpora tion, it was revealed yesterday, j Such projects, self-liquidating, arr j considered to have an excellent opportunity of acceptance shortly | by the corporation. Rites Held for jj Susan H. West $| Was Child of Mr. and Mrs. i B. W. West FLETCHER, Feb. 1. (Special) j —Funeral service for little Susan Ratla West, daughter of Mr. and . Mrs. B. W. West was held at the | Mill Pond Baptist church on Wed- j nesday, Feb. 1. at two o'clock. The j Iiev. M. L. Lewis, pastor of the! Fletcher Baptist church was ir. j charge of the service. The little girl was 7 years and i 8 months of ago. She died on, Tuesday morning at ten o'clock 1 following a short illness. She is survived by her father* and mother, three brothers, .lage.; Wayne, Ray Lee and one sisteiyl Willie May. The family have lived at Fletch er for several years, the father be-1 ing employee of the B. and C.J Lime company. Edward Brown of Georgia is Dead News was received here today of the death of Edward Brown, of Wrens, Ga., who passed away early this morning at a hospital at Augusta, following an automobi.ii) accident, >'n which the car he was driving skidded and overturned i after striking a soft dirt road i shoulder. lie was well known here, being the nephew of Mrs. Ada Beasley and of the late Julian Beall. He was about 21 years old. ROTARIANS HEAR OF GREAT PYRAMID] Dr. F. W. Sumner was the speaker at the meeting: of the Ro tary club at the Skyland hotel to day. Dr. Sumner continued his ad dress. opened some time ago, on the significance of the Great Pyra mid. Yates W. Little, secretary, re ported on the meeting last Friday evening at Anderson, at which time Clinton P. Anderson, presi dent of Rotary International, spoke. A committee was appointed to co-operate in an athletics program for the coming year. Members of the committee are R. L. Whitmire, H. E. Buchanan, Dr. W. 0. Allen, E. E. Lott, C. L. Grey, Kirby Hoo ver. W P. Andrews and J. T. Fain, Jr. FOLLOW SHOLTZ'S LEAD TALLAHASSEE, Fla., Feb. 1. (UP)—J. J. Taylor, state chemist, and Joe Chittenden, Jacksonville state service officer* today volun tarily followed the lead of Gov. Sholtz and accepted a ten percent cut in salary. JAPS MASSING If FORM JEHOL TODAY Fresh Outbreaks and Breach With League Near TOKIO, Feb. 1. (UP)—Recall of the Japanese delegation to the Iicague of Nations will be the first step in Japan's resignation from the league, the Japanese news agency, Ninpin Deinpo, forecast today. SEOUL, KOREA, Feb. 1. (UP) —Japanese trooo trains all loaded to capacity passed through Seoul I today enroute to Manchuria to augment Japanese forces already there. CFIANKCHUN, Manchuria, Feb 1. (UP)—An early out break of fighting between Japanese and Chinese troops massed in Jehol province is "inevitable", Japanese military headquarters predicted today. TOKIO, Feb. 1. (UP)—Japan's withdrawal from the League of Nations appeared inevitable today after a conference between For eign Minister Yasuya Uchida and Prince Saionji, advisor to the em peror and last of Japan's elder statemen, while Minister of War Araki said Japan's withdrawal would constitute a victory for jus tice. Flogging Cases Are Dismissed JACKSONVILLE, Fla.t Feb. 1. (UP)—The state's case against a ffroup of men charged with ag gravated assault in connection with wholesale floggings by mask ed night riders here last Septem ber apparently collapsed yester day when cases against a final group of defendants were dismiss ed. The prosecution ended when A. R. Berg advertising manager of a chain grocery company, and Smith Kelly, youth, failed to identify from the witness stand men they had selected from a lineup in a grand jury room following the so called "reign of terror." Missing Army Dredge Sighted NORFOLK, Va., Feb. 1. (UP). The army dredge Chinook, miss ing since last Saturday when a violent storm swept the mid-At lantic coast, passed through the Virginia Capes late yesterday un der her own power. The craft had put into an isolated harbor during the height of the storm Saturday night, causing some concern among shipping circles because of her delay in reporting. She has a crew of 80 men and officers on board. MAYOR, 3 CITY OFFICIALS AND PASTOR AT MUNCIE, IND.. ARE ALL FACING CRIME CHARGES Series of Indictments Stirs Community Rockefeller Foun dation a Few Years Ago Termed as the Most Typical of All American Cities MUNCIE, Ind., Feb. 1. (UP)— j In this town selected a few years! ago by the Rockefeller Foundation j as the "most typical" of all Amer-1 ican cities, indictments charging criminal offenses have been re turned the last two days against j the following persons: The mayor, George R. Dale. A leading minister, the Rev. G. Lemuel Conway, of the Madison Street Methodist Episcopal church. The City Controller, Lester Hol loway. The Secretary of the Fire De partment, Glenn Butts. The City Attorney, Cary Taugh enbaugh. Another city official, Chief of ! Police, Frank Massey, is under sentence for violating the liquor I laws. He is appealing. Dr. Rol lin H. Bunch, a former mayor, served a term in Leavenworth prison for using the mails to de- j fraud in promoting a prize fight. I Several policemen are under sen- f tence for violating the liquor laws, j And the Delaware county grand I jury, which returned all this I week's indictments, is still in ses- j sion. I Dale and his three fellow offi-; cials of this city of 46,548 popu-) lation which the Rockefeller j Foundation called "middletown"1 because it was so typically Amer-] ica, were named yesterday in 2G indictments charging1 conspiracy to collect "defense fund" money from eight city firemen at the rate | of $10 a month from each. Hollo-1 way and Butts are Dale's sons-in law. The charges against the Rev. Conway were entirely separate but have aroused more comment than any of the others. Two in dictments were returned against j him yesterday. One charged that the middle I aged, slender minister, father of five children, offered 18-year-old Helen Huffman a ride in his auto mobile, took her to a lonely coun try road and attempted to attack her. The other charged that he struck his choir leader, William j Aurend, during church services ] and knocked Aurend over the i chancel rail. The fight, it was said, develop ed because of Miss Huffman's charges against the minister. Con-1 way, free under bonds of $4,500, was inseclusion today. Yesterday's indictments against Dale and the three others were the outgrowth of action started after' Dale, Massey, and other officials were convicted of violating the prohibition laws. Ex-Kaiser Blames : World War On The British In Letter Correspondence With Kin Is Revealed By H. C. BUURMAN United Press Staff Correspondent (Copyright in all countries, 1933, by United Press, publication in all or in part prohibition). DOORN, Holland, Feb, 1.— (UP).—A blunt charge by former Kaiser Wilhelm II made on • the eve of outbreak of the world war that "full responsibility for a pos sible European conflagration rests solely with England" was revealed yesterday in private documents from the personal archives of the erstwhile German monarch, never before made public. Wilhelm wrote the Grand Duch ess Louise von Baden, his aunt, on July 30, 1914, expressing alarm at events in Europe, and declaring; England held tho answer to war or peace. He wrote: "By remaining silent, or neu tral, she encourages France to break loose with Russia against us; through a clear, honorable, manly word, she will save Europe from a world conflagration. Will she have the moral strength to ut ter this word?" The document was among many throwing new light upon the drama of the origins of the World war. The United Press obtained permission to publish these in-( tiniate letters from Wilhelm to his aunt, his wife, and his relatives, showing his emotions as the war drew near. He is arranging them to present hia case to the world. And excerpts arranged through special permission arc quoted from the documents here. Meanwhile, the former Kaiser continued his wood chopping and seemed to be in excellent health. Both he and former Crown Prince Wilhelm were intensely interested in the news that Adolf Hitler had become chancellor, but the former Kaiser let it be known that he had no intention to return to Germany unless he was specially invited by the government to return. One of the most important doc uments was that dispatched on July 30. 1914, to the Grand Duchess Luise von Baden. Wil helm's aunt. It follows: "The situation is very serious. Following the czar's appeal to my friendship and at- his request to assist him as mediator to save the European peace, I have at once agreed, accepting this role, and started' work. Alas, to my com plete surprise, the czar informed me early this morning that five days ago he ordered military measures, which now were going into force—that is to say, three | days before his appeal to me to j assist as mediator. At the same time his government informed us that the mobilization against Aus tria had started. "This without my knowledge, behind my back and without even waiting for the result of my work as mediator. I have pointed out to his majesty that military meas ures which will be understood as , a threat, naturally weaken my ac-, tion as mediator and imperil my work. The czar, however, ex pressed hope that notwithstanding his measures, I would proceed." Steel Dividend Out of Surplus NEW YORK, Feb .1. (UP) — The United States Steel Corpora tion announced a fifty cent pay ment of its preferred dividend yes terday. The payment, which will go to approximately 62,000 holders of the preferred stock, was made out of surplus. The balance of $1.25 of the normal $1.75 preferred dividend is deferred under the cumulative features of the prefer red. The action reflects a year in which operations of United States Steel have averaged but 18.3 per cent of capacity agrainst 38 per cent in 1931. Breaking precedents set through out the 32 years of the great cor poration's existence, the dividend payment reflects the facc that operations for the second half of the year had been but 15.4 per cent of capacity, after dropping in August to an all-time low of 13.6 per cent. STNDENTS MADE HOUSE MARSHALL, Mich. Feb. 1 (UP) A green house, completely equip ped with its own heating system, has been constructed in the high school here by students. Feras, potted plants and various types of vines are cared for by the 19 members of the agricultural de partment. In Roosevelt's "Brain Trust" I ffUTiWifflWMBMS One of President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt's chief economic advis ers is Dr. Rexford Guy Tugwell of Columbia University. He has been a member of the so-called Roosevelt "brain trust" since prior to the election. John L. Spayde at 84 is "Seeing America First" Visits All But Three States and Likes the Climate of This City John L. Spayde, 84-year-old traveller of Rapid City, S. D., is paying his second visit to Hender sonville this year, and expresses himself as delighted with the cli mate of this section. Mr. Spayde first visited Hender sonville last October, then went to Florida for the winter, but found the climate here better to his lik ing and returned recently. About a year ago, when he had just celebrated his 83rd birthday, Mr. Spayde decided that he would "see America first"; and he set out alone on an automobile tour that has taken him into 45 of the 48 states. He expects to visit the three remaining states of Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont and also Alaska before returning to his home in Rapid City. Mr. Spayde travels leisurely in his automobile, declaring that his object is to see and talk to as many people as possible. "After all," he says "we are really just one big family; and when I see a man or child on the road, I always stop to see what kind of a face he has." While he has passed his 84th birthday, Mr. Spayde says that he prefers to be only 65 while on the road, and he easily passes for this age. His reason for this, as ex plained by him, is that on his first trip through the west he was in formed in Idaho that people there pi'eferred that no one over 65 drive an automobile. Born in Ohio, he later moved with his family to Indiana, where he helped his father clear up the farm until he was 20 years old. He just missed the final period of the Civil War, and first voted for General Grant for president. Since that election he has never failed to vote in a presidential election, (Continued on page four> Bad Check Law Being Extended RALEIGH. Feb. I.—(Special). Most of the counties not now un der the provisions of the bad check law of 1929 want to come in under the law, but there is some doubt in the minds of many senators whether their counties j were included in the 1929 act. A bill to add Davidson county to the provisions of the law was passed by the house. When it came to the senate, a dozen-odd amend ments were offered adding more counties. When it developed, how. ever, that some of these counties were already under the 1929 act, the senate sent the bill back to Judiciary Committee No. 1 to as certain just which counties are now under the law and which are not. The 1929 law gave justices of the peace final jurisdiction in bad check cases not exceeding $50. m DMJLft Hindenburg Gives New Chancellor a Free Hand CABINET SEEKS RESTRICTIONS BERLIN. Feb. 1. (UP)— Presi dent von Ilindenhurg: today signed an order dissolving the Reichstag and authorizing the Hitler cabinet to rule the county by decree, whenever it deemed nccessary. The new cabinet, composed chiefly of conservatives, is mov I ing swiftly to shear Adolph Hitler, [ their fiery Fascist leader, of some jof his newly acquired powers as | chancellor. Hitler's fellow cabinet members adopted a resolution urging Presi dent von Hindenburg to name Vice-Chancellor Franz Von Papon as Federal Commigisoner for Prussia, a post automatically held by the head of the government under presidential decree issued I last July. The cabinet's resolution urged the president to revise his decree of July 21, 1932, creating: the Reich's chancellor, then Von Pap en, concurrently Federal Commis sioner for Prussia. The move would endow Vice-Chancellor Von Papan with the same powers which he formerly held as chancellor, and which were held in the brief interim regime by retiring Chan cellor Gen. Kurt Von Schleicher, I The -gectarre tttts in accordance with a promise to Von Papen, members* explained, when the con servative leader agreed to enter the Hitler cabinet. Nevertheless, some quarters interpreted the pro posed transfer as significant as the first move to curtail Hitler's powers. \ on rapcn, us iiuicu » v/uiniin.v sioner for Prussia, can control 1150,000 men in Prussia's police rforce. Prussia at present is ruled by the federal government, as a result of internal difficulties which caused Von Hindenburg to set aside the state cabinet tem porarily, at least. Hitler ran into serious difficul« ties his first day in office, when Communists sought to instigate a general strike. They had little initial success, but their persist ent and violent opposition to Hit ler and the Fascists generally was expected to be an increasing cause for concern to the infant regime. The Communist party in the in dustrial Ruhr district, one of the wealthy spots of the Reich, distri buted handbills and made an nouncements in the press declar ing a general strike in protest against Hitler's appointment. Communist leaders branded the Hitler rise a coup d'etat, and call led on all loyal opponents of Fas cism to quit work and tie up in dustry to embarrass Hitler and his cabinet. Few workers responded. The evening passed quietly, without serious incident, although the police arrested 20 person* for distributing Communist pamphlets calling for a general strike. Hitler called a meeting of the . cabinet for today, but persons close to the chancellor indicated he could not be expected yet to make any important declaration of policy. NOERS, LOWER RHINE, Ger many, Feb. 1. (UP)—A parade of Fascists and "steel helmets," a World War veterans' organization was fired on from ambush here last night. At least 12 were wounded. Six ty shots were fired from windows of the street along which they marched. 1 tump cums W^AT HOCSE WON THt Kentucky DE«*r in 1932? ; Fpom what countpy * DID WE ACQUTCE THE LWwHatch omea% .v'^L , I Alaska pgiog to bussia ? For correct answers to tkeei questions, please tarn to pafe 3.