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Probable local rains tonight; colder Wednesday. (Ehr Suites -rTciUit GOOD AFTERNOOS Along with other obstacle*, the anti-repealers in the states are going to have to conquer the su perstition that 13 it an unlucky number. VOL. 52—No. 56 HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., TUESDAY, MARCH 7, 1933 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS U.S. BANKING RESTRICTIONS ARE RELAXED •' REVALUATION WOP COST LARGE SUM Durham Favors Hori zontal Cut and Out lines Reasons state CERTAIN TO GRANT AUTHORITY \ movement has developed in ! ♦iiiderson county in the past ; ■iv days to have this county in «iied in legislation proposed for ^valuation of property for ta.xa • on in Buncombe county. When ! sxed about the proposition by a ^preventative of The Times- j .News. T. L. Durham, chairman j of the board of commissioners | of HenJerson county, gave som> information which will be of in to the public. " V:. Durham stated that it is ( practically certain the legislature , nil ratify the state-wide bill i pv;ng county authorities the pnr to make a flat or hori I »ntal cut in tax assessments. b: he favors this plan instead ((revaluation. Mr. Durham said at 1934 is the year for revalu icon in North Carolina, and be cause of that fact and the fact that they had no advance notice that revaluation would be put on the county this year, no appro priation to pay for the work was placed in the county budget. Mr. Durham estimates that revalua tion will cost the county §5000; M<i no money will be available to pay the bill. f# a! • 1 a. T 1 x. u uicu- .5 iiu icvaiuauuii, uui I icthoriry is given the commis I gmers to make a flat reduction i 1 assessments. the cost will be I Vinery little. It will only be I aessary to go through the tax ms and change assessments ac ««ing to the flat rate adopted I Ar the reduction. This reduc-1 5m. Mr. Durham believes, should | * ore-fourth to one-third of the) ^*«nt assessments. If Hender-; M county atjj>e«sments are re-: Btwi in this .vay and to this ex *k. and the 15 cents state tax 5 amoved, Mr. Durham believes 'jetax rate in the county can *:eld below $1, in spite of the « of several million dollars in Sable values from the total of ' Msessments. Mr. Durham believes the flat »iuction in assessments is bet ter for the present than revalua tion, for the reasons enumerated ad for the additional reason ait revaluation, would not give' tie county larger reductions in *se5>ments than he proposes un the horizontal cut. Ilevalua tan would not reduce assess aent? more than one-fourth to ®e-third of present taxable ^hes. \ flat reduction would 'fin? assessments down in as proportion as revaluation, would save the county *Mcd $5000. Mr. Durham pointed out that cases of glaring inequalities a tax assessments can be cor by the commissioners at 6 proper time. If a larger reduction in assess es than that named by Mr. Dtetam is made by flat reduc twn or the revaluation plan, it t *ill be necessary to raise the 1 tax rate. A certain, aatwjt 0f taxes must be levied ™ t»»e a stated amount ofj ,ni0n(? balance a budget which 1 ® nad* up each fiscal year by | commissioners. If assess- [ Wents are made too low, the tax1 *|te must be increased, and the ^Payers gain nothing by the ^JQstifie^ reduction in assess «euts. If the taxpayers «ret the relief *w<ied by a one-fourth to one reduction in their assess JJs. with a rate no higher J*® at present, or probably a 2re l'>wer than the present race, Durham believes they will be ^nate and that there will be disposition among the peo Sj°f Henderson county to com-j *ln about taxes. RAILWAY FOR IEHOL PROJECT Vhuria Will Seek New Commercial Pact With Kingdom of Siam J°KI0. March 7.— (UP).—Ja f4® will extend its colonial trade f c°nquere4 Jehol province by ^nstructing a railroad line across ^ mountains from Tungliao, r^Khuria. to Chengtehfu, the f*Pltoi of Jehol it was reported ®tre today. ircHAN'GCHUN, Manchuria,! jjreh 7.—(UP).—The Manchou-1 n4? Kovernment will undertake to a commercial treaty " ^'am on the broad principle . ^ forking toward a greater Asia, I ** learned here today. NEW CAROLINA THEATRE HAS AUSPICIOUS PREMIER; WINS ADMIRATION OF AUDIENCES Mayor Edwards and Manager Buchannan Praise Capt. E. A. Smyth for Initiative; Designed by Erie G. Still well, With Decorations by New York Artist COUNTY PUN OF SELF HELP WINS BACKING Rehabilitation by * work Endorsed by 5 and 10 Regional Council The Henderson county plan of rehabilitation by means' of self help on the part of needy people, was the basis of a resolution passed la.^t night at a meeting: of the .Middle District Regional Coun cil of the 5-JO Year Organized Farm Plan, held at the First Pres byterian church house here. The resolution, which was adopted after a lengthy discussion of relief plans in connection with agriculture read as follows: "Whereas, the economic situa tion in the counties of Western North Carolina has become so acute that large numbers of peo ple have become dependent on welfare agencies for support, and. "Whereas, some mistakes have been made in the distribution of relief, tending to break down the morale of the good people; and, "Whereas, we believe that a • closer co-operation between our j relief agencies, agricultural work ers and public officials will tend to eliminate many of these evils;) Therefore, be it resolved: "1. That need be made the ba-1 sis of relief; "2. That we urge upon all re-1 lief agencies, agricultural workers i and public officials, closer co-op- j eration, stricter supervision of j cases, and "3. That we express our appre ciation of the stand taken by the governor's office on relief in that the farm family be given aid ;n the future on condition that he, and if a tenant, his landlord, agree that the family plant, cuti-1 vate, food and feed crops and can surplus vegetables where possible according to schedule furnished | them, for the purpose of making | the recipient as nearly self sup porting as possible and enabling him to retain his self respect." The meeting last night opened with a dinner served by the ladies of the Henderson county auxiliary ■ committee. Home-canned produces, of O. E. Bass and celery grown by Mr. Bass were served at the I dinner and samples on display in cluded a variety of about a dozen I products. ! H. Arthur Osborne, chairman, of the council, presided, and called i first on Bruce Webb, acting secre-! tary of the council and extension director of the Asheville Citizen- j Times. Mr. Webb in his talk called at-; iention to the wide publicity given ; the farm program in this section both in editorial comment and news stories in southern papers. Mr. Webb declared that leaders (Continued on page six) Tax Supervisor ! And Listers for County Chosen Ed Anders Will Serve as the Supervisor Again This Year Tax listers and farm reporters for the various townships have been announced by the board of county commissioners. Ed Anders is tax supervisor, and the list of listers and farm reporters by townships is as fol lows : Blue Ridge—W. W. Walker, lister; B. B. Justice, farm report. Clear Creek—E. L. Justus, list er; Mrs. Margaret Coston, farm report. Crab Creek—R. J. Fletcher, lister; Meredith King, farm tc port. Edneyville—J. J. Ballard, list er; Miss Kate Merrell, farm re port. Green River—Buford Hill, list er; J. W. Tankersley. farm report. Hoopers Creek—J. E. Davis, I lister; Miss Bessie Livingston, farm report. Mills River—J. D. Osborne, lister; George Morgan, farm re port. Hendersonville; L. T. Dermid, H. W. Owensby. Miss Virginia Wright, and J. H. Todti, listers; Miss Marjorie McCarson, farm re port. w I "— : The "finest theatre in Western Nor^h Carolina" and the only one in this part of the state that is atmospheric in design, was opened to the public last night. It is the Carolina theatre, built by Capt. E. A. Smyth to replace the Rex j theatre destroyed by fire last sum- J mer and leased by the Publix Kincey Co., former operators of the Rex. The theatre was filled twice last night for the opening perform ances, and while George Arliss' appearance in "The King's Vaca tion" ordinarily would have been an adequate attraction, it was from the theatre itself that the crowds received their greatest thrills. "I had no idea it would be this fine and beautiful," was an ex- ! pression frequently heard. The evening's program included a brief address by Mayor A. V. Edwards and response by Harry' E. Buchanan, manager of the thea-j trc. IJoth spoke in praise of Cap tain Smyth for having restored the playhouse to the community. Both lauded Erie G. Stillwell, architect, for his fine work. May or Edwards expressed the appre ciation of the community for the efforts of the theatre organization to present the best in talking pic tures. and Mr. Buchanan thanked all for their co-operation and promised that everything possible will be done to make the Carolina the most popular entertainment center in this part of the state. Both speakers were roundly ap plauded. EXOTIC ATMOSPHERE DECORATiVE ACHIEVEMENT Of special interest in the new theatre are its murial paintings, which carry out the effect of an Indian garden. Architect StUlwell carefully planned these paintings and personally supervised the work, from the construction of the surface to tbe last brush mark. After deciding on the type paint ing desired. Mr. Stillwell consult ed with numerous prominent con cerns over the country and finally selected as the artist, Navino I Nataloni, of New York, an artist j who has had a great deal of expe rience with paintings and theatre decoration. Three weeks of pains taking work was required to com- j plete the job. Fitting in perfectly | with the Italian Renaissance motif of the theatre, the utmost care was exercised in the shading and coloring of the job, so that the ef fect would be as realistic as pos sible. When viewed under the canopy of floating clouds which are seen in the ceiling of the audi torium. the paintings lend a par ticularly exotic and pleasing at mosphere to tho theatre. An inspection of the theatre re. veals that every detail has been given expert attention and super vision. The theatre was construct ed to serve in the most useful manner possible the entertainment needs of Hendersonville and its visitors. Those who saw the new theatre last night state that its purpose will be accomplished with satisfaction to all concerned. Data on various details of the theatre follow : The building is approximately 63 feet wide by 130 feet long with an average height of 44 feet, 360,360 cubic feet. The stage is 42 feet wide and 26 feet deep. Equipped with dressing rooms, stage equipment, loud speakers, scenery, etc. Seating: There are 514 seats in the auditorium and 142 in the balcony. Heating system: Warren Web ster modulation system. Coal hop (Continued on page four) CERMAK RITES TO BE FRIDAY, Zangara's Arraignment on Murder Charge Goes Over to March 9 CHICAGO. March 7.—(UP).—I Mayor Anton J. Cermak's funeral will be held in the Chicago Sta dium, Friday at 10 a. m. MIAMI, March 7.— (UP).—Ar raignment of Guiseppi Zangara,; slayer of Mayor Cermak, of Chi cago, in his bungled attempt to as sassinate President Roosevelt on February 15, was postponed today until March 9 on motion of de fense counsel. Zangara will now be prosecuted on a charge of murder, growing out of the death of Mayor Cer-| mak. He was serving a total of 80 years sentences on previous charges resulting from the wound ing of five when he tried to kill President Roosevelt. I James Bowler John S. Clark With the death of Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago, his successor to finish out his term will be chosen from the members of the board of aldermen. Above are photos of the two members regarded in Chicago as most likely to succeed. Present Acting Mayor Szymczak acts only during the mayor's absence. In case of a mayor's death an acting mayor is chosen to finish his term. RESTRICTIONS ON U. S. CROP LOANS WILL BE MORE RIGID OPTIMISM OVER TRADE SHOWN New Orleans Has Boom; Liverpool Cotton up $4 to $5 Per Bale NEW ORLEANS, March 7.— (UP).—An unofficial boom in commodity markets during thtj banking holiday has aroused op timism among brokers, traders and dealers on exchanges here to day. although the cotton markets of the country are closed. LIVERPOOL. March 7.—(UP) Quotations today reflected a ris ing tendency in the market and some brokers estimated this ad vance was equivalent to a rise of $4 to $5 per bale. MARTIN HILL PASSES AWAY Upward Man Will Be Given Burial Wednes day 2 P. M. Martin Hill, resident of the Up ward section, died at' his home Tuesday morning at 7 o"clock. Funeral services will be held Wed nesday at 2 p. m.f with burial in the Hill graveyard, near Dana. Mr. Hill was a native of this county. He is survived by John, Bunyan, Floyd and Hilliard Hill, sons; Mrs. Sherman Taylor, his daughter, and his wife, Mrs. Ab bie Hill. Court Continues Its Hearing of Criminal Cases The superior court continued in session this morning with Judge P. A. McElroy, of Marshal, pre siding. A number of cases wero disposed of yesterday by the court. The docket yesterday afternoon was as follows: John Howard was convicted of larceny with a rec ommendation for mercy. Homer Ruthi Jr., was convicted of assault with a deadly weapon. In the case of Ed McDade, charged with a statutory violation, the State took a nol pros. The case of J. A. Russell, charged with false pretense, was continued. Mamie Sizemore, charged with bigamy, was called and failed to answer. Judgment nisi, sci fa, and capias was taken. Swanson Would Build Navy Up To Treaty Limits WASHINGTON. Mar. 7. (UP). Secretary of the Navy Swanson declared today that the United States navy should be built up im mediately to the limits provided in the London treaty. J Farmers Must Give De tailed Information on Their Condition By O. B. JONES, County Agent D. L. McCafferty, field inspec tor for the crop production loan office, in Washington, will have charge of all matters pertaining 'to the loans this spring. He will continue to have headquarters in the county agent's office at the Chamber of Commerce rooms in Uj? city hall Farmers wishing to make application for loans will go to this office and give careful and detailed information as this infor mation is called for by those as sisting in making applications. Before coming to this office to [ make the applications, farmers should familiarize themselves with the following facts so that they , can give the information called for readily and accurately: Kinds of crops and numbers of acres and amounts harvested in 1932; kinds of crops and amounts to be used in growing each crop during 1933; amounts harrowed in 1929, 1930, 1931 and 1932, together I with balance due, etc.; statement of any present indebtedness of i any kind; statement of livstock land equipment now owned; de scription of land on which crops j I are to be grown; statement of land I rented cither as owner or tenant and other information which will assist the government in getting a complete record. | Every farmer securing a loan must agree to grow sufficient food for his family's need and sufficient feed for his livestock. He must also have a balanced crop pro gram and undertake his farming, operations this season on such a! basis as to have some assurance! of being able to supply his family i and feed needs and produce addi-; tional amounts to repay his loan on time. Farmers making appli cations that do not meet these re quirements will not be able to se cure loans this season. It must be remembered that the | department of agriculture is mak ing these loans for the sole pur-' pose of assisting the farmer to get on his feet again. ! The date for repayment of the ! | loans this year has been moved up from November 30 to October 31. | In other words, the time for pay ment is one month shorter than I last year. i Truck growers and commercial I or semi-commercial farmers are required to repay their loans as 1 the crops are harvested and sold. This will apply to all producers who sell their crops during the summer, or at any time during | th« crop season. The government1 must be paid first. The field in spector will make periodic checks of the farming operations of the borrowers. j Leaguers Move to Intervene in So. 'American War ! GENEVA, March 7.—(UP).— League of Nations delegates of Ireland, Spain and Guatemala to day formally invoked article 11 of the league covenant in the Chaco dispute. After several months of fight ing between Paraguay and Bo livia in Gran Chaco area, house deputies of Paraguay approved a declaration of war last night. The senate had approved of war ,Friday and it now remains only for the president to proclaim it. EARLY RETURN SEEN HERE FOR BANK SERVICE Situation Generally Ap pears Much Brighter, Comment Here BUSINESS~STILL PURSUING COURSE Hendersonvilie pursued its busi ness course as energetically as possible today, the second day of the nation-wide banking holiday, Opening of the State Trust company from 9 to 10 o'clock this morning for the purpose of making change and as an accom modation to holders of safety de posit boxes, removed two of the greatest inconveniences exper ienced yesterday. Yesterday, most merchants held on to what small change they could, but to day the situation was much im proved in this respect. Officials of the State Trust company would hazard no pre diction as to when the bank will be permitted to re-open, but ex pressed confidence that the situ ation will be largely cleared up in a few days. They indicated that even if a limitation is plac ed on withdrawals by the state banking department, depositors here will not be greatly incon venienced or long delayed in again checking on their deposits. "The situation generally ap pears to be considerably bright er this morning," they said. The local bank was closed by mandatory order although it was prepared to meet in full what ever demands might be made on it, and this fact, caused the clos ing to be accepted calmly by the public. Belief was generally ex pressed that Hendersonvilie will be one of the first cities in the state to "come back'' after bank ing restrictions are withdrawn. HOUSE VOTES TO ABOLISH COMMISSION Finally Concurs in Senate Measure for Utilities Commissioner RALEIGH, March 7.—(UP). The senate today passed and sent to the house, after a lonp: debate, the bill to transfer the state highway patrol and gas and oil inspection division from the high way and agriculture departments, respectively, to the revenue de partment and to require patrol men to perform duties of gas and motor vehicle inspectors. The house today passed the senate bill to aboiish the state corporation commission, now composed of three elective full time commissioners, and replace it with a single elective utilities commissioner, to be assisted by two appointive part-time asso ciates. The bill to requiro stockholders in building and loan associations to give 30 days notice before with drawing un-hypothecated stock was passed by the house this morning. The senate passed it last night. STATEADOPTS SCRIP BASIS Governor and Bank Com missioner Become Bank ing Dictators RALEIGH. March 7.—The gen eral assembly of North Carolina today had made the state's gover nor and banking commissioner the actual dictators of banking opera tions in the state. Both houses of the legislature passed an emergency measure last night giving Commissioner Gurney P. Hood, with the consent of Gov. Ehringhaus, power "to direct, re quire or permit" issuance of scrip or clearing house certificates as a substitute for currency; require banks to suspend payment of de mand deposits or make mandatory restrictions on withdrawals, and to adopt regulations to comply fully with federal regulations. Commissioner Hood said today that no bank may now open legal ly for any business. The banking holiday now in effect expires Wed nesday night under the proclama tion issued Sunday. When She Says 'No' It's 'No!' Eleanor Wosa, 14, above, of New castle, Wash., made up her mind she wouldn't go to Russia, though | her father planned to take her ' there. Eleanor, American-born, appealed to juvenile and immigra tion authorities, churches and women's clubs. After a long fight she became a voluntary ward of the juvenile court, and thus gained the right to stay in Amer ica. GOVERNORS IN SESSION VOTE CONFIDENCE Roosevelt Lays Position Before Them in Wash ington Gathering By FREDERICK A. STORM United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, March 7. (UP). President Roosevelt last night marshaled the support of the na- j tion behind his program for economic recovery which he re vealed included reduction of tax ation, a national policy on mort gage foreclosures and cordina- j tion of relief work. Mr. Roosevelt disclosed his plans in an address to governors of various states in a conference 1 at the White House yesterday, j At the close of this meeting the heads of the state governments promised him their loyal support. A copy of the president's speech to the governors later was made public at the White House. Mr. Roosevelt declared the states "acted with remarkable promptitude in preventing a panic at a time when it might well ha%*e developed" and then explained the modified national banking holiday was proclaimed j to take care of an immediate emergency. He revealed his hopes that the' public would take advantage ofl the opportunity to open new ac counts in banks immediately. These accounts the treasury ruled yesterday, would not be subject to any restrictions and can be withdrawn in whole or in I part upon demand. "The only way in which money can be kept absolutely safe be yond per adventure of doubt is by using methods to keep it safe —first keeping the money in cash the way it is put in; sec-' ondly, depositing it in the fed eral reserve bank and third, pur chasing government bonds with it," the president said. "Kecognized bonds are as saiei as government currency. They have the same credit back of I them, and, therefore, if we can persue people all through the country, when their salary checks come in to deposit them in new accounts; which new accounts will be held in trust, and the money kept in one of the new forms I have mentioned, wo will have made progress." He declared the federal gov ernment should not be called on to supply relief "until other agencies fail" and said he was considering creating a fact find ing body within two or three weeks which will coordinate the work of the states. The reorganization and con solidation of local government to reduce the taxation cost, Mr. Roosevelt said. "Is your problem and has been my problem for the past four years." He called at tention to the mortgage fore closure policies in force in vari ous states and added he believed a national policy could be ob tained. The governors were summon ed to the White House by the president immediately after he returned from the capitol where in silence he paid final tribute (Continued on page six) HOLIDAY WILL BE EXTENDED, IS BELIEF NOW Orders for National Banks to go on Scrip Basis Fri day Are Issued BUYING FOODS AND MEDICINE PROVIDED WASHINGTON, Mar. 7. (UP). Orders authorizing issuance of scrip by clearing houses through* out the country beginning Friday were issued today. Some locali ties may start earlier by direct authorization by the secretary of the treasury. WASHINGTON, Mar. 7. (UP). The nation's banking activities were broadened by Secretary of the Treasury Woodin today to in clude functions necessary to main tain payrolls and the orderly dis tribution of food and medicine. WASHINGTON, March 7. (UP). Bank holiday restrictions weru further relaxe^. today to permit action to mr.ee payrolls. This followed action to insuro that food, medicine and other neces sities would be available during the emergency. By KATMU1NU LLAfftK United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, Mar. 7. (UP). New life was pumped into tho fal tering pulse of the nation's finan cial structure last night when the treasury department ruled that banks closed by the modified holi day may reopen to accept new de posits which would be payable upon demand. As Secretary of the Treasury William H. Woodin issued thesa orders, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressing a confc:cncc of governors at the White House expressed the hope that the pub lic would be quick to take advan tage of this opportunity. Deposits made prior to the bank holiday and not held under special guarantee plans devised by insti tutions which restricted withdraw als, are not affected by the new treasury ruling unless they are necessary to finance shipments of food. The treasury regulation said that banks may create special trust accounts for the credit of new deposits, subject to with drawal on demand. These funds would be kept segregated from old bank deposits and could bo kept by the banks in cash, government bonds or deposits at the federal reserve banks. Meantime, the gov ernment moved swiftly and decis ively yesterday to insure food for all. The treasury permitted banks to finance shipments of food re gardless of general restrictions during the holiday. Providing for payrolls is one of the first considerations on which officials are now at work. Secre tary of Treasury Woodin an nounced that payrolls would be met either through scrip or other wise. Under the guidanco of Wash ington officials the nation pre pared to go immediately on a scrip basis. New York probably will begin today to use the new emergency money. As fast as hard pressed officials could act, orders were issued to soften drastic phases of President Roosevelt's proclamation. The administration moved with war-time precision and speed. It kept two objects foremost. First, it was determined to pro tect the gold supply. Second, it was determined to do everything to promote the con venience of the public in carrying on regular activities. Banks were authorized tp open to make change provided no gold or gold certificates were paid out. They were authorized to allow free access to safety deposit boxes. Banks were authorized to cash all checks drawn on the treasurer (Continued on page six) mrojKSB Where are the U.S. ^ Federal penitentiaries LOCATED ? f What NATION'S FUG 15 THIS ? What country has THE LARGEST PER CENTAGE OF HOWE OWNERS? For correct answers to tbeaci question*, pleeso tern to pege 6.