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The times-news. [volume] (Hendersonville, N.C.) 1927-current, March 07, 1933, Image 1

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Probable local rains tonight;
colder Wednesday.
(Ehr Suites -rTciUit
Along with other obstacle*, the
anti-repealers in the states are
going to have to conquer the su
perstition that 13 it an unlucky
VOL. 52—No. 56
Durham Favors Hori
zontal Cut and Out
lines Reasons
\ movement has developed in !
♦iiiderson county in the past ;
■iv days to have this county in
«iied in legislation proposed for
^valuation of property for ta.xa
• on in Buncombe county. When !
sxed about the proposition by a
^preventative of The Times- j
.News. T. L. Durham, chairman j
of the board of commissioners |
of HenJerson county, gave som>
information which will be of in
to the public.
" V:. Durham stated that it is (
practically certain the legislature ,
nil ratify the state-wide bill i
pv;ng county authorities the
pnr to make a flat or hori
I »ntal cut in tax assessments.
b: he favors this plan instead
((revaluation. Mr. Durham said
at 1934 is the year for revalu
icon in North Carolina, and be
cause of that fact and the fact
that they had no advance notice
that revaluation would be put on
the county this year, no appro
priation to pay for the work was
placed in the county budget. Mr.
Durham estimates that revalua
tion will cost the county §5000;
M<i no money will be available
to pay the bill.
f# a! • 1 a. T 1 x.
u uicu- .5 iiu icvaiuauuii, uui
I icthoriry is given the commis
I gmers to make a flat reduction
i 1 assessments. the cost will be
I Vinery little. It will only be
I aessary to go through the tax
ms and change assessments ac
««ing to the flat rate adopted I
Ar the reduction. This reduc-1
5m. Mr. Durham believes, should |
* ore-fourth to one-third of the)
^*«nt assessments. If Hender-;
M county atjj>e«sments are re-:
Btwi in this .vay and to this ex
*k. and the 15 cents state tax
5 amoved, Mr. Durham believes
'jetax rate in the county can
*:eld below $1, in spite of the
« of several million dollars in
Sable values from the total of
' Msessments.
Mr. Durham believes the flat
»iuction in assessments is bet
ter for the present than revalua
tion, for the reasons enumerated
ad for the additional reason
ait revaluation, would not give'
tie county larger reductions in
*se5>ments than he proposes un
the horizontal cut. Ilevalua
tan would not reduce assess
aent? more than one-fourth to
®e-third of present taxable
^hes. \ flat reduction would
'fin? assessments down in as
proportion as revaluation,
would save the county
*Mcd $5000.
Mr. Durham pointed out that
cases of glaring inequalities
a tax assessments can be cor
by the commissioners at
6 proper time.
If a larger reduction in assess
es than that named by Mr.
Dtetam is made by flat reduc
twn or the revaluation plan, it t
*ill be necessary to raise the 1
tax rate. A certain,
aatwjt 0f taxes must be levied
™ t»»e a stated amount ofj
,ni0n(? balance a budget which 1
® nad* up each fiscal year by |
commissioners. If assess- [
Wents are made too low, the tax1
*|te must be increased, and the
^Payers gain nothing by the
^JQstifie^ reduction in assess
If the taxpayers «ret the relief
*w<ied by a one-fourth to one
reduction in their assess
JJs. with a rate no higher
J*® at present, or probably a
2re l'>wer than the present race,
Durham believes they will be
^nate and that there will be
disposition among the peo
Sj°f Henderson county to com-j
*ln about taxes.
Vhuria Will Seek New
Commercial Pact With
Kingdom of Siam
J°KI0. March 7.— (UP).—Ja
f4® will extend its colonial trade
f c°nquere4 Jehol province by
^nstructing a railroad line across
^ mountains from Tungliao,
r^Khuria. to Chengtehfu, the
f*Pltoi of Jehol it was reported
®tre today.
ircHAN'GCHUN, Manchuria,!
jjreh 7.—(UP).—The Manchou-1
n4? Kovernment will undertake to
a commercial treaty
" ^'am on the broad principle .
^ forking toward a greater Asia, I
** learned here today.
Mayor Edwards and Manager Buchannan Praise Capt.
E. A. Smyth for Initiative; Designed by Erie G.
Still well, With Decorations by New York Artist
Rehabilitation by * work
Endorsed by 5 and 10
Regional Council
The Henderson county plan of
rehabilitation by means' of self
help on the part of needy people,
was the basis of a resolution
passed la.^t night at a meeting: of
the .Middle District Regional Coun
cil of the 5-JO Year Organized
Farm Plan, held at the First Pres
byterian church house here.
The resolution, which was
adopted after a lengthy discussion
of relief plans in connection with
agriculture read as follows:
"Whereas, the economic situa
tion in the counties of Western
North Carolina has become so
acute that large numbers of peo
ple have become dependent on
welfare agencies for support, and.
"Whereas, some mistakes have
been made in the distribution of
relief, tending to break down the
morale of the good people; and,
"Whereas, we believe that a •
closer co-operation between our j
relief agencies, agricultural work
ers and public officials will tend
to eliminate many of these evils;)
Therefore, be it resolved:
"1. That need be made the ba-1
sis of relief;
"2. That we urge upon all re-1
lief agencies, agricultural workers i
and public officials, closer co-op- j
eration, stricter supervision of j
cases, and
"3. That we express our appre
ciation of the stand taken by the
governor's office on relief in that
the farm family be given aid ;n
the future on condition that he,
and if a tenant, his landlord,
agree that the family plant, cuti-1
vate, food and feed crops and can
surplus vegetables where possible
according to schedule furnished |
them, for the purpose of making |
the recipient as nearly self sup
porting as possible and enabling
him to retain his self respect."
The meeting last night opened
with a dinner served by the ladies
of the Henderson county auxiliary ■
committee. Home-canned produces,
of O. E. Bass and celery grown
by Mr. Bass were served at the I
dinner and samples on display in
cluded a variety of about a dozen I
products. !
H. Arthur Osborne, chairman,
of the council, presided, and called i
first on Bruce Webb, acting secre-!
tary of the council and extension
director of the Asheville Citizen- j
Mr. Webb in his talk called at-;
iention to the wide publicity given ;
the farm program in this section
both in editorial comment and
news stories in southern papers.
Mr. Webb declared that leaders
(Continued on page six)
Tax Supervisor !
And Listers for
County Chosen
Ed Anders Will Serve as
the Supervisor Again
This Year
Tax listers and farm reporters
for the various townships have
been announced by the board of
county commissioners.
Ed Anders is tax supervisor,
and the list of listers and farm
reporters by townships is as fol
lows :
Blue Ridge—W. W. Walker,
lister; B. B. Justice, farm report.
Clear Creek—E. L. Justus, list
er; Mrs. Margaret Coston, farm
Crab Creek—R. J. Fletcher,
lister; Meredith King, farm tc
Edneyville—J. J. Ballard, list
er; Miss Kate Merrell, farm re
Green River—Buford Hill, list
er; J. W. Tankersley. farm report.
Hoopers Creek—J. E. Davis, I
lister; Miss Bessie Livingston,
farm report.
Mills River—J. D. Osborne,
lister; George Morgan, farm re
Hendersonville; L. T. Dermid,
H. W. Owensby. Miss Virginia
Wright, and J. H. Todti, listers;
Miss Marjorie McCarson, farm re
w I "—
: The "finest theatre in Western
Nor^h Carolina" and the only one
in this part of the state that is
atmospheric in design, was opened
to the public last night. It is the
Carolina theatre, built by Capt.
E. A. Smyth to replace the Rex j
theatre destroyed by fire last sum- J
mer and leased by the Publix
Kincey Co., former operators of
the Rex.
The theatre was filled twice last
night for the opening perform
ances, and while George Arliss'
appearance in "The King's Vaca
tion" ordinarily would have been
an adequate attraction, it was
from the theatre itself that the
crowds received their greatest
"I had no idea it would be this
fine and beautiful," was an ex- !
pression frequently heard.
The evening's program included
a brief address by Mayor A. V.
Edwards and response by Harry'
E. Buchanan, manager of the thea-j
trc. IJoth spoke in praise of Cap
tain Smyth for having restored
the playhouse to the community.
Both lauded Erie G. Stillwell,
architect, for his fine work. May
or Edwards expressed the appre
ciation of the community for the
efforts of the theatre organization
to present the best in talking pic
tures. and Mr. Buchanan thanked
all for their co-operation and
promised that everything possible
will be done to make the Carolina
the most popular entertainment
center in this part of the state.
Both speakers were roundly ap
Of special interest in the new
theatre are its murial paintings,
which carry out the effect of an
Indian garden. Architect StUlwell
carefully planned these paintings
and personally supervised the
work, from the construction of the
surface to tbe last brush mark.
After deciding on the type paint
ing desired. Mr. Stillwell consult
ed with numerous prominent con
cerns over the country and finally
selected as the artist, Navino I
Nataloni, of New York, an artist j
who has had a great deal of expe
rience with paintings and theatre
decoration. Three weeks of pains
taking work was required to com- j
plete the job. Fitting in perfectly |
with the Italian Renaissance motif
of the theatre, the utmost care
was exercised in the shading and
coloring of the job, so that the ef
fect would be as realistic as pos
sible. When viewed under the
canopy of floating clouds which
are seen in the ceiling of the audi
torium. the paintings lend a par
ticularly exotic and pleasing at
mosphere to tho theatre.
An inspection of the theatre re.
veals that every detail has been
given expert attention and super
vision. The theatre was construct
ed to serve in the most useful
manner possible the entertainment
needs of Hendersonville and its
visitors. Those who saw the new
theatre last night state that its
purpose will be accomplished with
satisfaction to all concerned. Data
on various details of the theatre
follow :
The building is approximately
63 feet wide by 130 feet long
with an average height of 44 feet,
360,360 cubic feet.
The stage is 42 feet wide and
26 feet deep. Equipped with
dressing rooms, stage equipment,
loud speakers, scenery, etc.
Seating: There are 514 seats in
the auditorium and 142 in the
Heating system: Warren Web
ster modulation system. Coal hop
(Continued on page four)
Zangara's Arraignment on
Murder Charge Goes
Over to March 9
CHICAGO. March 7.—(UP).—I
Mayor Anton J. Cermak's funeral
will be held in the Chicago Sta
dium, Friday at 10 a. m.
MIAMI, March 7.— (UP).—Ar
raignment of Guiseppi Zangara,;
slayer of Mayor Cermak, of Chi
cago, in his bungled attempt to as
sassinate President Roosevelt on
February 15, was postponed today
until March 9 on motion of de
fense counsel.
Zangara will now be prosecuted
on a charge of murder, growing
out of the death of Mayor Cer-|
mak. He was serving a total of
80 years sentences on previous
charges resulting from the wound
ing of five when he tried to kill
President Roosevelt. I
James Bowler John S. Clark
With the death of Mayor Anton Cermak of Chicago, his successor to
finish out his term will be chosen from the members of the board of
aldermen. Above are photos of the two members regarded in Chicago
as most likely to succeed. Present Acting Mayor Szymczak acts only
during the mayor's absence. In case of a mayor's death an acting
mayor is chosen to finish his term.
New Orleans Has Boom;
Liverpool Cotton up $4
to $5 Per Bale
NEW ORLEANS, March 7.—
(UP).—An unofficial boom in
commodity markets during thtj
banking holiday has aroused op
timism among brokers, traders
and dealers on exchanges here to
day. although the cotton markets
of the country are closed.
LIVERPOOL. March 7.—(UP)
Quotations today reflected a ris
ing tendency in the market and
some brokers estimated this ad
vance was equivalent to a rise of
$4 to $5 per bale.
Upward Man Will Be
Given Burial Wednes
day 2 P. M.
Martin Hill, resident of the Up
ward section, died at' his home
Tuesday morning at 7 o"clock.
Funeral services will be held Wed
nesday at 2 p. m.f with burial in
the Hill graveyard, near Dana.
Mr. Hill was a native of this
county. He is survived by John,
Bunyan, Floyd and Hilliard Hill,
sons; Mrs. Sherman Taylor, his
daughter, and his wife, Mrs. Ab
bie Hill.
Court Continues
Its Hearing of
Criminal Cases
The superior court continued in
session this morning with Judge
P. A. McElroy, of Marshal, pre
siding. A number of cases wero
disposed of yesterday by the
The docket yesterday afternoon
was as follows: John Howard was
convicted of larceny with a rec
ommendation for mercy.
Homer Ruthi Jr., was convicted
of assault with a deadly weapon.
In the case of Ed McDade,
charged with a statutory violation,
the State took a nol pros.
The case of J. A. Russell,
charged with false pretense, was
Mamie Sizemore, charged with
bigamy, was called and failed to
answer. Judgment nisi, sci fa,
and capias was taken.
Swanson Would
Build Navy Up
To Treaty Limits
Secretary of the Navy Swanson
declared today that the United
States navy should be built up im
mediately to the limits provided
in the London treaty.
J Farmers Must Give De
tailed Information on
Their Condition
By O. B. JONES, County Agent
D. L. McCafferty, field inspec
tor for the crop production loan
office, in Washington, will have
charge of all matters pertaining
'to the loans this spring. He will
continue to have headquarters in
the county agent's office at the
Chamber of Commerce rooms in
Uj? city hall Farmers wishing to
make application for loans will go
to this office and give careful and
detailed information as this infor
mation is called for by those as
sisting in making applications.
Before coming to this office to [
make the applications, farmers
should familiarize themselves with
the following facts so that they
, can give the information called
for readily and accurately: Kinds
of crops and numbers of acres
and amounts harvested in 1932;
kinds of crops and amounts to be
used in growing each crop during
1933; amounts harrowed in 1929,
1930, 1931 and 1932, together
I with balance due, etc.; statement
of any present indebtedness of
i any kind; statement of livstock
land equipment now owned; de
scription of land on which crops j
I are to be grown; statement of land I
rented cither as owner or tenant
and other information which will
assist the government in getting
a complete record. |
Every farmer securing a loan
must agree to grow sufficient food
for his family's need and sufficient
feed for his livestock. He must
also have a balanced crop pro
gram and undertake his farming,
operations this season on such a!
basis as to have some assurance!
of being able to supply his family i
and feed needs and produce addi-;
tional amounts to repay his loan
on time. Farmers making appli
cations that do not meet these re
quirements will not be able to se
cure loans this season.
It must be remembered that the |
department of agriculture is mak
ing these loans for the sole pur-'
pose of assisting the farmer to get
on his feet again. !
The date for repayment of the !
| loans this year has been moved up
from November 30 to October 31.
| In other words, the time for pay
ment is one month shorter than
I last year.
i Truck growers and commercial
I or semi-commercial farmers are
required to repay their loans as
1 the crops are harvested and sold.
This will apply to all producers
who sell their crops during the
summer, or at any time during |
th« crop season. The government1
must be paid first. The field in
spector will make periodic checks
of the farming operations of the
j Leaguers Move to
Intervene in So.
'American War
! GENEVA, March 7.—(UP).—
League of Nations delegates of
Ireland, Spain and Guatemala to
day formally invoked article 11
of the league covenant in the
Chaco dispute.
After several months of fight
ing between Paraguay and Bo
livia in Gran Chaco area, house
deputies of Paraguay approved
a declaration of war last night.
The senate had approved of war
,Friday and it now remains only
for the president to proclaim it.
Situation Generally Ap
pears Much Brighter,
Comment Here
Hendersonvilie pursued its busi
ness course as energetically as
possible today, the second day of
the nation-wide banking holiday,
Opening of the State Trust
company from 9 to 10 o'clock
this morning for the purpose of
making change and as an accom
modation to holders of safety de
posit boxes, removed two of the
greatest inconveniences exper
ienced yesterday. Yesterday,
most merchants held on to what
small change they could, but to
day the situation was much im
proved in this respect.
Officials of the State Trust
company would hazard no pre
diction as to when the bank will
be permitted to re-open, but ex
pressed confidence that the situ
ation will be largely cleared up
in a few days. They indicated
that even if a limitation is plac
ed on withdrawals by the state
banking department, depositors
here will not be greatly incon
venienced or long delayed in
again checking on their deposits.
"The situation generally ap
pears to be considerably bright
er this morning," they said.
The local bank was closed by
mandatory order although it was
prepared to meet in full what
ever demands might be made on
it, and this fact, caused the clos
ing to be accepted calmly by the
public. Belief was generally ex
pressed that Hendersonvilie will
be one of the first cities in the
state to "come back'' after bank
ing restrictions are withdrawn.
Finally Concurs in Senate
Measure for Utilities
RALEIGH, March 7.—(UP).
The senate today passed and sent
to the house, after a lonp: debate,
the bill to transfer the state
highway patrol and gas and oil
inspection division from the high
way and agriculture departments,
respectively, to the revenue de
partment and to require patrol
men to perform duties of gas
and motor vehicle inspectors.
The house today passed the
senate bill to aboiish the state
corporation commission, now
composed of three elective full
time commissioners, and replace
it with a single elective utilities
commissioner, to be assisted by
two appointive part-time asso
The bill to requiro stockholders
in building and loan associations
to give 30 days notice before with
drawing un-hypothecated stock
was passed by the house this
morning. The senate passed it last
Governor and Bank Com
missioner Become Bank
ing Dictators
RALEIGH. March 7.—The gen
eral assembly of North Carolina
today had made the state's gover
nor and banking commissioner the
actual dictators of banking opera
tions in the state.
Both houses of the legislature
passed an emergency measure last
night giving Commissioner Gurney
P. Hood, with the consent of Gov.
Ehringhaus, power "to direct, re
quire or permit" issuance of scrip
or clearing house certificates as a
substitute for currency; require
banks to suspend payment of de
mand deposits or make mandatory
restrictions on withdrawals, and
to adopt regulations to comply
fully with federal regulations.
Commissioner Hood said today
that no bank may now open legal
ly for any business. The banking
holiday now in effect expires Wed
nesday night under the proclama
tion issued Sunday.
When She Says
'No' It's 'No!'
Eleanor Wosa, 14, above, of New
castle, Wash., made up her mind
she wouldn't go to Russia, though
| her father planned to take her
' there. Eleanor, American-born,
appealed to juvenile and immigra
tion authorities, churches and
women's clubs. After a long fight
she became a voluntary ward of
the juvenile court, and thus
gained the right to stay in Amer
Roosevelt Lays Position
Before Them in Wash
ington Gathering
United Press Staff Correspondent
WASHINGTON, March 7. (UP).
President Roosevelt last night
marshaled the support of the na- j
tion behind his program for
economic recovery which he re
vealed included reduction of tax
ation, a national policy on mort
gage foreclosures and cordina- j
tion of relief work.
Mr. Roosevelt disclosed his
plans in an address to governors
of various states in a conference
1 at the White House yesterday, j
At the close of this meeting the
heads of the state governments
promised him their loyal support.
A copy of the president's
speech to the governors later was
made public at the White House.
Mr. Roosevelt declared the
states "acted with remarkable
promptitude in preventing a
panic at a time when it might
well ha%*e developed" and then
explained the modified national
banking holiday was proclaimed j
to take care of an immediate
He revealed his hopes that the'
public would take advantage ofl
the opportunity to open new ac
counts in banks immediately.
These accounts the treasury
ruled yesterday, would not be
subject to any restrictions and
can be withdrawn in whole or in I
part upon demand.
"The only way in which money
can be kept absolutely safe be
yond per adventure of doubt is
by using methods to keep it safe
—first keeping the money in
cash the way it is put in; sec-'
ondly, depositing it in the fed
eral reserve bank and third, pur
chasing government bonds with
it," the president said.
"Kecognized bonds are as saiei
as government currency. They
have the same credit back of I
them, and, therefore, if we can
persue people all through the
country, when their salary checks
come in to deposit them in new
accounts; which new accounts
will be held in trust, and the
money kept in one of the new
forms I have mentioned, wo will
have made progress."
He declared the federal gov
ernment should not be called on
to supply relief "until other
agencies fail" and said he was
considering creating a fact find
ing body within two or three
weeks which will coordinate the
work of the states.
The reorganization and con
solidation of local government to
reduce the taxation cost, Mr.
Roosevelt said. "Is your problem
and has been my problem for the
past four years." He called at
tention to the mortgage fore
closure policies in force in vari
ous states and added he believed
a national policy could be ob
The governors were summon
ed to the White House by the
president immediately after he
returned from the capitol where
in silence he paid final tribute
(Continued on page six)
Orders for National Banks
to go on Scrip Basis Fri
day Are Issued
Orders authorizing issuance of
scrip by clearing houses through*
out the country beginning Friday
were issued today. Some locali
ties may start earlier by direct
authorization by the secretary of
the treasury.
The nation's banking activities
were broadened by Secretary of
the Treasury Woodin today to in
clude functions necessary to main
tain payrolls and the orderly dis
tribution of food and medicine.
WASHINGTON, March 7. (UP).
Bank holiday restrictions weru
further relaxe^. today to permit
action to mr.ee payrolls. This
followed action to insuro that
food, medicine and other neces
sities would be available during
the emergency.
United Press Staff Correspondent
New life was pumped into tho fal
tering pulse of the nation's finan
cial structure last night when the
treasury department ruled that
banks closed by the modified holi
day may reopen to accept new de
posits which would be payable
upon demand.
As Secretary of the Treasury
William H. Woodin issued thesa
orders, President Franklin D.
Roosevelt addressing a confc:cncc
of governors at the White House
expressed the hope that the pub
lic would be quick to take advan
tage of this opportunity.
Deposits made prior to the bank
holiday and not held under special
guarantee plans devised by insti
tutions which restricted withdraw
als, are not affected by the new
treasury ruling unless they are
necessary to finance shipments of
The treasury regulation said
that banks may create special
trust accounts for the credit of
new deposits, subject to with
drawal on demand. These funds
would be kept segregated from old
bank deposits and could bo kept
by the banks in cash, government
bonds or deposits at the federal
reserve banks. Meantime, the gov
ernment moved swiftly and decis
ively yesterday to insure food for
all. The treasury permitted banks
to finance shipments of food re
gardless of general restrictions
during the holiday.
Providing for payrolls is one of
the first considerations on which
officials are now at work. Secre
tary of Treasury Woodin an
nounced that payrolls would be
met either through scrip or other
Under the guidanco of Wash
ington officials the nation pre
pared to go immediately on a
scrip basis. New York probably
will begin today to use the new
emergency money.
As fast as hard pressed officials
could act, orders were issued to
soften drastic phases of President
Roosevelt's proclamation.
The administration moved with
war-time precision and speed.
It kept two objects foremost.
First, it was determined to pro
tect the gold supply.
Second, it was determined to do
everything to promote the con
venience of the public in carrying
on regular activities.
Banks were authorized tp open
to make change provided no gold
or gold certificates were paid out.
They were authorized to allow
free access to safety deposit
Banks were authorized to cash
all checks drawn on the treasurer
(Continued on page six)
Where are the U.S. ^
Federal penitentiaries
FUG 15
What country has
For correct answers to tbeaci
question*, pleeso tern to pege 6.

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