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tonight and Tuesday with showers; colder Tuesday nifht. - VOL. 52—No. 61 (Elu» (Times -ZCcitrs GOOD AFTERNOON We understand a bill U being prepared to present to the next congress providing compensation for golf widows. HENDERSONVILLE, N. C., MONDAY, MARCH 13, 1933 SINGLE COPIES, FIVE CENTS ROOSEVELT ASKS BEER BE MADE LEGAL balancing of KT GOAL IF GOVERNOR fkringhaus to go Before \ssemblymen With Mes sage on Finances ;\L£S TAXAS LAST RESORT WITH HIM By J. C. BASKERVILL The YisirD-NVMs Bureau •Six Walter Hotel ;X KiGiF. March 13.—Whil" 10 one knows just what Gov cv> J. (.*. B. Ehringhaus is go e to toll the joint session of •j. general assembly when he ~ . tonight at S oVIock. ibelieved that he will tell it r.. . r^hatually that : F.:-.. lr must adopt an appro bations bill that will provide . n-vonue for the efficient ,)yru;;on o'. the public schools, * educational and charitable ictatii-ns -nd other necessary tanons of the state. jr. r I must then adopt a v.-.r^e bill that will yield suf r' int money to provide for the count called for in the appro pra'.ions bill, and thus balance be budget in fact. I Whether or not Governor r.hringhaus will go into details concerning the type of appropria ticn> bill he thinks should be i<ii>pte(J, is not known. But it is trtaJy .known in circles close to tie ',M'.'ernor that he is vigorous it cpw>c(f to reducing appropri to the low level being ad rut- 6v Representative Tain » . it> of Ashe county, and las of the members of the Ik* who have aligned them ■*••• with Bowie It is likely, I", one, that Governor Khrinjr hs? probably will not refer eith er : Representative Bowie or > Bowie appropriations bill by Me. But it is believed that he t zo into considerable deta'l r:-.ning the minimum needs «tie public schools, the Stated ;i-Mty and other educational, actions and ol the various state agencies and point j *' 1 the general assembly the j at- involve.I in reducing too fit.y the appropriations for i t.i^e state maintained activi p After he has done this, it believed he will ask the gen M- assembly to give very care P- consideration to the appro rations bill just completed by joint appropriations commit f-s which represents the limits kow which these committees tiic the state should not go in lacing appropriations. , The Bowie bill, as is general ly known, would provide a total only about $18,000,000 a *■: for all the state depart >nts and institutions, including ^ public schools, supported ^ : the general fund, while the Ppmpriations committee bill ^des for a total of approxi mately $25,000,000 a year for fc same objects, exclusive of k "tate highway commission, 'preventative Bowie has already ' : notice that he will offer bill as a substitute for the '".ttee bill when it comes up °r federation. It is set as R^ial order in the house for morning. .54,000,000 is cut out )f impropriation for the six xChool and extended torna aione by the Bowie bill, l . ' : Id provide only $1, r'or the six months and '*-nded term as compared with 0oo in the committee ■■ and with $1<;, 100.000 at the " '.into. In fact, the entire 1 hill would provide only 1 1,000,000 more for all state -x than the state is now *nd;nar on the six months and !r ": 1-1 terms alone. There are Rations that Governor Ehring * •• t.ves that if the appro '^'•n for the six months - >im should be reduced to >10.000,000 that it would f-a!ly destroy the efficiency . ~ x months term, as well ! ®»ke the six months term just 1 ' onlv school term in the '!,'n there are the various * ia institutions of high ^"^ ninj;. The committee ap ! a* "n bill recommends a J* «f $£32,240 a vear for the '^lidated I niversity of North • which includes the _APe! }jiii Unit, the State col lr--r n Raleigh and Womens unit in Greensboro. This, in increase of $30,000 over " 3 " :nt recommended by the commission. The Bowie ( however, would reduce the ;'i!' -riation for the university •**•'12,240 a vear to $570, . ' ;i year. Most of the opin l»sK e 's to t^,e e^ect ^at a t r- W ihis size would almost a .k university. rJ0 u r*'>"lt. it is expected that la pern°r Ehringhaus is going to j a very vigorous stand making any such slashes anpvopriations for the six lB ' \ - hool term, the State ps'ty. an(j ajj t),e other Continued on pag« four) Here's How the New Money Will Get Into Circulation New money printed in Washington is shippfd to Federal Reserve Banks througKoul l'n:<ed Sbtrt. 7: Business man makes loan at his bank, post ing security eligible for re-disc^unt bv Federal Reserve. r.iwr-i 5Alc Banks deposit commercial piper and other "sound assets" with Federal Reserve Banks and recwve paper money New money lliuj'acquued by bank* is pa<<] e»it b; nul-.inj Icurj und by cuhxg cbev.ks cf depositors. — : I Business firms make purchases, employers rrM payrolls and ihus new money gets inio circulation. As expanded currency is re deposited, it can be withdrawn from circulation, thus con trolling inflation. NEW RULINGS ON CROP LOAN SYSTEM MADE Only Farmers Reducing Acreage by 30 Percent Will Be Helped I O. R. Jones, county farm agent this morning made the following announcement relative to applica tions for federal crop loans. "Hereafter it will be necessary for every applicant for a crop production loan to show that he has already or will provide the following items in his cropping system: " (1) At least one work animal. (2) A family garden. (3) At least one cow or satisfactory pro vision for his family's milk sup ply. (4) Chickens. (5) At least one acre of lespedeza or some solid crop. 6) At least one hog. (7) Feed for all his livestock. At least a part of this must be leg ume hay. (8) A balanced crop plan. "Applications failing to show provisions for any of the above will be rejected by this office un | less permission is obtained from the field inspector." | I>. L. McCafferty, government field inspector, stated this morn ing that approximately 150 appli cations had been filed for loans within the past four days. Loan applications may bo made any day of the week, but Mr. Mc Cafferty requests that applicants M'oid coming to the office on Sat urday if possible. Attention is again called to the fact that applicants must pay the cost of having the necessary pa pers put on record. Truck farm ers farming over two and a half acres of land will have to certify that they are reducing their acre age of truck crops under their 1932 crops by 30 per cent. This is a government regulation and must be followed. Any applicant should have in mind his acreage for last year and what acreage he has in mind for this year. Vienna Is Tense, Revolt Feared I VIENNA, March 13.— (UP). Austria was tense today with ru ! mors of a revolution. Military guards at the chancellory and the foreign office were increased six fold. Many believed a monarchist outbreak to be imminent. EDNEYVILLESMARCH SINGING IS OMITTED j Announcement was made by D. P. Moss today that the March pro i gram for the Edneyvillc Singing j association has been abandoned ' on account of its conflict in dates ! with the baccalaureate sermon to be given in connection with the closing of the Edneyville high school. • The singing had been set for March 19, and would have been held at the Mountain Homo | church. The date of the next | singing has been fixed for Ajiril j 16 and it will be held at the place i originally scheduled for this month's singing. ' Zangara's Death Warrant Signed TALLAHASSEE, March 13.— (UP).—The death warrant for Guissippi Zangara was signed to day by Governor Dave Sholtz, the date of execution to be some time during the week of March 20 at the state prison at fiaiford. SuperinJjeiident L. F. Chapman of the prison is to set the exact date and hour. The execution will be open to only a few, says Governor Sholtz. NEW QUAKE IS FET AT LONG BEACH TODAY List of Dead Remains at 150; People Refuse to Return to Homes I LONG BEACH, March 13.— i (UP). — A strong earth shock [ characterized as second only to ■ biggest tremor here Friday night I was felt here at 5:1(» a. m. to day. The movement was lom: j and rolling. It did not have the I initial jolt which usually causes ' heavy damage. There were no reports of further damage. i By FRANK H. MARTHOLOMEW ! United Press Staff Correspondent LOS ANGELES, March 13.— (UP).—Southern California sur veyed losses in a score of towns and cities yesterday and today as the first work begpn in rebuild ing from Friday night's major earthquake. The stricken region faced its most tragic Sabbath amid scenes of desolation and death, with re curring "settling shocks'' adding (Continued on pago four) MRS.B. H. HILL ! GIVEN BURIAL Death of Henderson Coun ty Woman Ascribed to r Heart Trouble I Funeral services for Mrs. Va! I lie Staton Hill. 37. wife of B. H. I Hill, were held this morning at 11 o'clock from Refuge Baptist church. Dana, and burial followed at the church cemetery. Rev. Mr. Owens, of Asheville, officiated at the services. Mrs. Hill died yesterday at 12:50 a. m., following an illness of some years. Death was as cribed to heart trouble. Mrs. Hill is survived by her husband; Cecil, Edward and Ralph Hill, of Asheville, all chil dren, and the following brothers and sisters: E. G., R. G., Shade, and W. R. Staton. Mrs. T. P. Gar rett, Mrs. Bertie Clark. Mrs. Mae Stepp. Miss Minnie Staton, Miss Java Staton, and Mrs. Nellie Blythe. She is also survived by her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. T. Hill, of Dana. Mrs. Hill was a native of Hen derson county, and at the time of her death was a member of the French Broad Baptist church, of Asheville, MRS. GARLAND DIED SUNDAY; iRITES TODAY Wife of W. A, Garland, Resident Here Over 50 Years; III for Weeks Mrs. W. A. Garland, 72, Hied at her home on Seventh avenue east on Sunday morning' at 9:20 o'clock, following an illness of several weeks. Funeral services were held this afternoon at 3:00 o'clock from the First Baptist church, with the Rev. W. H. Ford, j pastor, officiating. Burial was to I follow in Oakdale cemetery. Pallbearers were C. F. Toms, 0. Roy Keith. R. H. Staton, Fos ter Bennett. A. Ficker and Gus Staton. Mrs. Garland is survived by her husband, and the following chil I dren: Mrs. G. C. Tutt, Jr., of Winston-Salem; Walliam A. Gar hand, Jr., of Embenton, Pa. ,and Mrs. C. G. Keith, of Henderson ville. She is also survived by the fol lowing grandchildren: Virginia and Dorothy Tutt, and Jessie and Louise Keith. Mrs. Garland was a native of North Carolina, and was born at Milton on January 4, 1861. She was a daughter of the late Rev. and Mrs. Thomas Scott Yarbor ough. Her maiden name was Miss Jessie Scott Yarborough. Mrs. Garland and her moinei came to Hendersonville and made their home here more than fifty years ago, and most of her life since thaj time has been spent here. She was formerly connected with Judson College, and in 1894 married Mr. Garland while both were connected with this institu tion. Mrs. Garland was a life-long I member of the Baptist church j placing her membership in the ' church here many years ago, be fore the present edifice was occu pied. For many years she served as organist of the church when it was located on South Main street. DRIVING CASE IS D1 Action Follows Agreemtiil by Counsel in Dr. Brown's Hearing Charges of reckless driving and assault with a deadly weapon i against Dr. J. S. Brown, Sr., were dismissed this morning by Magis trate A. B. Freeman by consent of counsel for J. F. McLeod, fa ther of a child allegedly struck by a car of Dr. Brown at the cornel of Church and Barnwell streets on February 17. The cases were heard last Wed nesday and Magistrate Freemar , took the case under advisement I until this morning. The charges were brought against Dr. Brown following an accident at the street intersection when the child was allegedly struck by the car of Dr. Brown. The child, sir years of age, re mained in the hospital for six days 'following the accident. Will Not Again Be 'Epidemic,' View Of the President Woodin Gratified at the Realization of Condi tions by People WASHINGTON, Mar. 13. (UP) Banks began to reopen for nor mal business today with a pledge to the nation from President Roosevelt 'hat "we will not have another epidemic of hank fail ures." Banks licensed by the treasury were permitted to open today in the 12 key financial centers—the) cities in which reserve banks are located. Tomorrow and Wednes day the reopenings will be extend ed throughout the country. The lid remains clamped down tight on release of funds for hoarding. By order of Secretary of Treasury Woodin. withdrawals ■of deposits are limited to funds needed for normal business and necessary personal expenditures. "The first duty of banks re opening under the license of the secretary of the treasury for the performance of their usual func tions is to see that the primary needs of the people for the neces saries of life and normal business undertakings are met," Woodin announced. This forenoon Secretary Wood in declared that the American people have responded to the first step in the government's plan of reopening banks "with common sense and sober realization of ac .♦jjal conditions." His statement was made alter reviewing condi tions in the 12 Federal Reserve cities where banks opened on a normal basis. By FREDERICK C. OTHMAN United Press Staff Correspondent WASHINGTON, March 13.— (UP). President Roosevelt prom ised the nation last night there would be no more epidemics of i bank failures and urged the peo I pie to unite "in banishing fear." | He made this pledge in a 1200 word statement to the public is |sucd to the press and broadcast I at 10 p. m Mr. Roosevelt ex plained in simple language events leading up to the modified | bank holiday and then revealed I why he is employing a "stagger j system" of bank reopening be i ginning today. "Your government," he said, "does not intend that the his tory of the past few years shall be repeated. Wc do not want and shall not have another epidemic of bank failures." The president 'said "incompet ent and dishonest" bankers were partly to blame for the "bad banking situation" that confront ed him on the day he took of fice. He said most banks were strong and that all the assets of the weaker banks would be con served. Hoarding, the chief executive observed, has become "an ex ceedingly unfashionable pastime" during the past week. He said it was possible that when banks (Continued on page four) JAPAN NOT TO QUIT ISLANDS TOKIO, March 13.—(UP).— Japan has no intention of re linquishing control over the Pa cific ocean mandated islands when she formally resigns from the League of Nations, it was reported officially today. A government spokesman re vealed the written resignation now in the hands of the privy council ignores the 1C00 islands, which the league mandate has stipulated should be returned back in event of Japanese with drawal. The refusal is certain to evoke the league's protest with probability that the United States may join in an attempt to repossess the Archipelago LEGIONPOST MEET CALLED Announcement was made today that a meeting of the Hubert M Smith post, American Lepion, had been called for Tuesday night at 7:30 o'clock. INSTRUCTORS EVACUATE NANKING. March 13.—(UP). Col. J. H. Jouett and 15 Ameri can instructors evacuated Hang chow flying school tonight after rumors that the city might be at tacked by a Japanese air force. State Trust Co, Preparing For Reopening Hoarded Gold Being Returned Here Following Federal Officials' Request for Names of Those Withdraw ing Gold or Certificates After February 1 Local Bank Expects to Reopen for Business Not Later Than Thursday Any Gold Today? More than $1,000 in gold and gold certificates was returned to the State Trust company in the first half hour after its doors were opened this morning for limited transaction of business while awaiting authority to reopen on an unrestricted basis. In the bank's mail over Sunday was a request from the Federal Reserve Bank board for the names of all persons who withdrew gold or gold certificates between February 1 and the time the nation-wide bank holiday was declared. In addition to the names, the Federal board requests the amounts of the separate withdraw als. Just what action, if any. the Federal government may take against persons who fail to return gold to banks was not known here today, but wide publicity is being the request for the names of potential hoarders. A questionnaire sent out l»y« Gurney P. Hood, North Carolina banking commissioner, w h i c h when answered will furnish the basis by which he will judge whether banks are to he reopened in accordance with national pol icy. was in the hands of officials' of the State Trust company to day. The questionnaire will be filled out .signed by officers and direc tors and rushed to Raleigh tonight in the hope that the bank will be permitted to open Wednesday without restrictions on business. If tho questionnaire sent to Hen dersonville can not be passed on in time for the bank to open Wed nesday, it is confidently expected that a favorable reply will be re ceived in time for the resumption of business Thursday. No stave | bank will be permitted to be re opened before Wednesday. Each state bank, in addition to furnishing' information as to its liquid assets, will have to return to the commissioner an affidavit by its directing head that in his opinion the bank is sound and can meet all withdrawals. These ap f plications will be acted upon by the state banking department as soon as they are received in Ra leigh, the state placing the same requirements for reopening upon the banks as provided in the na tional government's policy of opening banks which are under the Federal Reserve system. | Commissioner Hooa was in formed in a telegram from Secre tary of the Treasury Woodin that the treasury department will be authorized to permit any sound hank which is a member of the Federal Reserve system, whether state or national, to reopen for business as promptly as possible, but it is the intention of the sec retary of the treasury to permit no member bank to reopen at any time on a full 100 per cent basis unless or until the secretary is satisfied that such bank is a sound going institution. This same policy will be carried out in regard to banks which are not members of the Fedehal Re serve system, according to a dis patch from The Times-News bu reau in Raleigh. The applications of these banks to reopen will be passed upon by Commissioner Hood. Under the president's re cent proclamation, state banking authorities are autsorized to per mit only sound institutions to car ry on their usual functions to the end that no bank shall be reopen ed for business on any basis that might run the risk of the bank's being forced to close again on de mands which it is not in a position to satisfy. North Carolina has 42 national banks, all of which are members of the Federal Reserve and are under the direct supervision of the Treasury department. Of the 295 commercial banks in the state, including 80 branches, only nine, including four branches, are Federal Reserve members and are under federal supervision. The other 2GG are under supervision of Commissioner Hood. Commissioner Hood announced from Raleigh that his office would remain open until 10 p. m. Monday and Tuesday to receive applications to reopen from banks and that the applications would be acted upon as quickly as possi ble. If the applications are returned promptly enough, and they are Isuch that they can be approved at Ionce, some of the banks may be open as early as Wednesday, it was announced. Those banks (Continued on page four). SCHOOLS OVER COUNTY WILL CLOSE FRIDAY 8-Months Term Complet ed; Exercises Come Next Week Henderson county schools will close Friday, March 17, with some exceptions, ending: the 8-month term. All of the junior-senior banquets in the high schools of the county have now been hell and the several high schools will have their commencement exor cises some time during the week of March 20. Valley Hill high school will op erate a week later this year, to make up for a week lost by rea son of illness in the teaching force. Some of the other schools will have one or two days to make up next week, to fill out the re quired term. East Flat Rock prfiaded school will conduct its closing exercises Friday at 2:30 p. m. Miss Belva Saunders, former supervisor of Henderson countv schools, now residing in Asheville, will be pres ent to deliver the seventh grade promotior certificates. . Tuxedo school has set its clos ing exercises for Friday evening. Superintendent R. G. Anders has been invited to deliver the diplo mas on this occasion. END FLETCHER TERM MAR. 20 Graded and High School Events for Closing Under Way FLETCHER, March 13. —A cantata, "A Day in Flowerdom,"' will be presented Tuesday night at the school here as one of the entertainments in connection with the conclusion of the graded school term, by the music pupils of Mrs. Green. With about forty taking part, the costumes will all represent flowers and the stage setting will be a garden. Three >f Mrs. Green's pupils, Balfer, Ruth and Ruby Gregory and McNeil Heaton will take parts. Mrs. Green has a studio at the Fletcher school and gives instruction in voice, piano and stringed instru ments. Thursday evening of this week an entertainment will be given by the primary grades, and on Fri day evening the grammar grades will offer a program. Commencement exercises will open with the baccalaureate ser. mon on next Sunday afternoon and graduation exercises will be conducted the evening of Monday, March 20. The first of this series of events was held last Friday evening when the senior class presented a three act mystery drama, "Spooky Tav ern." The auditorium, seating 700 people was filled to capacity for this performance, conceded to be one of the best presentations ever given at the Fletcher school. NEW MESSAGE TO CONGRESS BIG SURPRISE He Would Bolster Govern ment's Revenue by Beer Tax ECONOMY~PLAN WILL BE BEFORE SENATE WASHINGTON, Mar. 13. (UP) President Roosevelt in a surprise move that startled even his closest friends, today sent a message to congress calling for the immedi ate modification of the Volstead act to permit the manufacture and sale of beer. He asked that it he passed so as to bolster up the government's revenue. WASHINGTON, Mar. 13. (UP) Determined men were organizing in the senate today to give Presi dent Roosevelt a battle on his re quest for dictatorial power to re duce veterans' compensation and federal salaries by $500,000,000. About $400,000,000 would come from the veterans. Senate leaders agreed the presi dent probably will prevail over bitter, bi-partisan opposition to the economy bill on which debate was to begin at noon. But it is doubtful whether he will be able to jam the legislation through the senate without an amendment. The house passed the bill Saturday without changing a word. Democratic Leader Robinson of Arkansas may be driven today or tomorrow to invoke the caucus lash to force reluctant senate Democrats to a distasteful task. Republicans were called to con ference this morning to discu«s the unprecedented grant of pow er, but no attempt was planned to bind them one way or another. The colorful Senator Loni?, Democrat. Louisiana, irrepressi ble, self-styled Kingfish, has de serted Mr. Roosevelt on the vet erans' cut. Senator McCarron. Democrat, Nevada, is leader of what is literally a back ben^h re bellion in behalf of the former soldiers. SO. AFRICAN FLIER MISSING Five Planes go Out in Search of Long Over due Airman CAPETOWN, South Africa, March 13. (UP).—Five airplanes left today to search for Victor Smith, young South African avia tor overdue on his flight record attempt from London to Cape town. The young South African flior was on his way here from Walvis Bay, about 800 miles to the north, reports last night said. Smith left the bay at 8:40 p. m., and had been expected at Capetown, his goal, at 4:00 a. m. Weather waB favorable. He was seeking to set a record for the England-to-Capetown flight, now held by Mrs. Amy Johnson Molli son, the British woman flier. PNEUMONIA FATAL TO FRENCH STROTHER WASHINGTON. Mar. 13. (UP) French Strother, 49, former mag azine editor and administrative assistant to former President Hoover, died from pneumonia t» day. ARMS EMBARGO LIFTED LONDON, March 13—(UP).— The British embargo on shipment of arms to the Far East was re moved today, Stanley Baldwin an nounced in the house of commons. fHMEQms What Amegican WAS KNOWN AS • l. 'The Great \ Commoner" HOW MANY W» STATES IN THE U S. 'ARE LARGER TH#J who sought the fabled the Philippine ['Seven Cities ofCibola? islands? | For correct answers to tb*»J 'questions) please turn to page 3.