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The times-news. (Hendersonville, N.C.) 1927-current, June 28, 1933, Image 2

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W HendersoavilTe New* Established la 18M
"" H«Mi«nonvili< Times Established in 1881
Published errery afternoon except Sunday at 227
Nbrth Main street. Hendersonvrille, N. C., by The
Times>News Co., Inc., Owner and Publisher.
TELEPHONE 87
J. T. FAIN Editor
C. M. OGLE Managing Editor
HENRY ATKIN City Editor
SUBSCRIPTION RATES
By Times-News Carrier, in HendersonvMe, or else
where, per week 10c
By Mail in Hendersonville, per year $5.00
Due to high postage rates, the subscription price
of The Times-News in Zones above No. 2 will d«
based on the cost of postage.
Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office
in HendersoiviUe, N. C.
WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1933
I* * BIBLE THOUGHT
THY WORD
Thy Word have I hid in my heart that I might
| .J*®* •'n*—
. ^ ^ # ^
I walk in the midst of temptations
By evil my path is beset;
Thagood that I would, that I do not,
The flesh hath some mastery yet;
But its power shall not overcome me,
Thy precepts new faith shall impart;
I fear not the wiles of the tempter,—
. Thy Word have I hid in my heart.
» —Annie Johnson Flint.
SURGERY'S HUNDRED YEARS
What the past century has witnessed in
i the development of surgery and what the
future may bring were the subjects of an
address in Chicago recently delivered by
Dr. George VV\ Crile, famous surgeon, be
fore the American Association for the Ad
vancement of Science. One hundred years
ago surgery was in the "stone age" of its
history. "It was the art of a swordsman*
' rather than a scientist."
Surgery then had to be done without
anesthetics or antiseptics. It was even with
out exact science, depending on the sur
geon's manual skill and his quick intuition.
Since then have come anesthesia, methods
of antisepsis and asepsis, prevention and
treatment of surgical shock, formerly the
cause of many ueaths, and treatment of
hemorrhage and shock by blood transfu
sion. Today surgery corrects many natural
defects, such as web feet and harelip. It
has been made nearly painless. It deals
with "every organ and every tissue of the
body, even of the brain."
With this tremendous progress in mind,
the great surgeon foresees "a century of
fewer operations—for biochemistry and
biophysics will tend to supplant the scal
pel." He sees present-day theories giving
way to mathematical equations. He sees
diseases now baffling humanity understood
and—he hopes—prevented and*cured.
It is a fascinating, inspiring and reassur
ing vision. Some progress seems dubious
;»nd futile, but not this progress in master
ing disease.
WALL STREET ABUSES MUST BE
CURBED
(By BRUCE CATTON)
Wall Street probably never was the fo
cus for more public disapproval than has]
been the case this year. j
If left to fritter itself out in sporadic at
tacks on individuals, this wave of disap
proval will eventually waste itself. If it
turns on the Wall Street system as a whole,
however, it can be made one of the most
useful bits of public sentiment the country
elver displayed.
And in speaking of the "Wall Street sys
tem," it is worth while to quote from a re
cent article in Harper's Magazine by John
T. Flynn, a rioted financial writer. Mr.
Flynn declares bluntly that the stock ex
changes nowadays are chiefly "devices for
creating excessive debts"; and he goes on
to explain just how the job is done.
As a sample, he cites the organization of
the United States and Foreign Securities
Co., an investment trust organized by a
Wall Street banking firm.
The concern was capitalized at $30,000,
000. Bonds worth $25,000,000 were sold
to the general public. Preferred stock
worth $5,000,000 was issued and sold to
the bankers themselves. In addition, 750,
000 shares of common stock were issued
and assigned to the bankers as a bonus for
Buying the preferred.
1 Thus the corporation got its $30,000,000.
But that was only half the story. The
Hankers took their common stock, which
had cost them nothing, and had it listed on
the exchange. Very soon it was valued at
$50 a share.
"How much of this common stock issue
was sold it is not possible to say," remarks
Mr. Flynn. "It is conceivable that $50,
000,000 worth was sold before the market
break, in which case it is clear that this
I 4
enterprise would draw $80,000,000 from
the public investor, though only $30,000,
000 actually went into the business.
This little anecdote speaks volumes.
And no one who is familiar with the Wall
Street system will say that it is an isolated
or unusual case. It represents a normal
way of floating securities—and it also, as
Mr. Flynn says, represents a sure-fire way
ot' creating excessive debts.
No one would deny that Wall Street has
an important and useful function to per
form in the economic life of the country.
But it is pretty clear that some way must
be found of curbing its debt-creating pro
clivities.
If big fellows can dodge their income
taxes just by writing letters to their wives
to show a paper loss, the little fellows can
do it, too. There'll be more business corre
spondence in a lot of families from now on.
Getting business started this time is pret
ty hard on the financial battery; but when
a car gets going, it soon recharges the bat
tery.
"Jobless Man Inherits $370,000." He's
got a job now, trying to hang onto it while
several million fellow-citizens start chisel
ing in.
Another sign of general improvement—
fewer highly insured buildings are burning
down.
Maybe what we need is a tax on taxing
bodies. Suppose we reduce lawmakers'
pay every time they raise taxes.
o
| NEWSPAPERS' OPINIONS |
O v
NO PLACE FOR PETTY TYRANTS
It is difficult to see how any good purpose could
have been served by the State School Commission's
quizzing of II. B. Marrow, Johnston county school
superintendent, to satisfy that body as to the de
cree ui "sympathy" which might be expected from
him if the commission gave its approval to his re
election. On the contrary, such arbitrary quizzings
might definitely reduce the "sympathy" of the
people of the state with the commission's adminis
tration of the state's schools.
The only charge made against Mr. Marrow is
that he showed an active interest in the framing
of the state school law, and came to Raleigh dur
ing the recent session of the general assembly at
his own expense to urge the enactment of such a
law as would, in his opinion, best serve public
education in North Carolina. His interest and his
activity was entirely proper. A school man of ex
perience, he had an understanding of North Caro
lina school problems which was valuable to legis
lators in the consideration of the school legisla
tion. In his appearances at Raleigh he was merely
one of a number of educators interested in schools,
including such a man as President Frank Graham, ]
of the University of North Carolina.
If it is the intent of the State school commission
to subject all school superintendents 'whose ideas
are not represented 100 per cent in the present
school laws of the state to harrassment and uncer-1
tainty of their places, the commission may secure '
a body of yes-saying school superintendents, but
they will also destroy the hopefulness of the people
in the state system of schools. Great as are the
advantages of a state system, they are not so great
that the people of the state will permit the con
tinuance of a state system directed by a board
which colors its conduct of the schools by petty
tyranny and useless attempts to domineer over lo
cal officials because local officials happen to have
some opinions of their own.—Raleigh News and
Observer.
MUSCLE SHOALS VERSUS THE
CONSTITUTION
A write? to the correspondence columns of the
New York Sun recently raised some interesting
questions as to the constitutionality of government
electric developments at Muscle Shoals and the at
tendant area, in competition with privately owned
plants now servihg the same area.
His objections are based on three propositions:
First, has the government the right to enter into
the business of commercial manufacturing? Sec
ond, has it the right to impose taxes for a purpose
not involving the general welfare, but only the
debatable welfare of a very small part of the na
tion? Third, has it the right to go into a state and
arrogate to itself a franchise to perform a monopo
listic service when the state has already given such
a frahchise to a privately-financed company which
relies on protection of its charter for its very ex
istence ?
The writer to The Sun believes that the answer
to all of these is No. No power is given in the
Constitution to enable the government to enter a
manufacturing business—and many constitutional
commentators hold that unless such a power is spe
cifically given, it was meant to be withheld. As to
the second proposition, both Hamilton and Madi
son, "fathers" of American governmental practice,
defined the general welfare as being served only
by activities which are general, not local. As to
the third, it is apparent that if the federal govern
ment is to be permitted to go into monopolistic
business without a charter, at the expense of that
part of the public which has provided existent fa
cilities for the same purpose, irtdivdiual property
rights have less protection than we always believed.
Whether these objections would stand up in the
supreme court—where they will doubtless be even
tually decided—is a moot question now. But, irre
spective of the law, they serve to point out the
dangers of a precedent that competitive commer
cial operation of Muscle Shoals by the government
will create.—St. Augustine (Fla.) Record;
Oh, Secretary Wallace! How's This for an Idea?
Highway Prison
Department Has
Splendid Record
Deny Any Prisoner Killed
Outright In Attempting
Escape
, _________ \
The Times-News Bureau
Sir Walter Hotel
RALEIGH, June 28.—During
the two-year period that came to
a close June 1, the state highway
commission prison department has
handled 34,717 prisoners with a
total of only 37 deaths, and with
out the killing- of a single prison
er by guards during attempted es
capes, Sam I). Scott, superinten
dent of prison camps said Mon
day. These figures were just
compiled by the prison depart
ment for presentation to the In
stitute of Government in Chapel
Hill.
"We have had a few cases in
•which prisoners were wounded
while trying to escape, but nono
in which any prisoner has been
killed outright by a guard," Scott
said. "One prisoner died after
| being shot by a guard, but the
doctor who attended him said the
gunshot wound was only a con
tributary cause. We think this i.s
a pretty good record for having
handel as many men as we have
during the past two years."
At the present time there are
4,786 prisoners in the 69 highway
prison camps, Scott said, of which
I,818 are white, 2,1)38 negroes,
and 30 Indians. During the past
12 months, in which 17,594 dif
ferent prisoners were handled,
II,888 were released on expira
tion of their sentences while 307
were paroled, the records show. A
total of 452 prisoners escaped, of
which 315 were recaptufed. The
courts ordered the release of 141
prisoners before their sentences
expired.
The per capita cost of feeding
these prisoners last year was 9.8
cents per day, while the per capita
cost of operating the prison camps
was 5.21 cents per day. In addi
tion to maintaining thousands of
miles of state roads, the prisoners
in these camps cultivated more
than 12,000 acres of land. The
average number of employes to a
camp is eight, who get an average
salary of $34.27 a month. The
average number of prisoners to
each employe is seven. The pris
oners averaged working 872,708
hours per month on the roads,
which if paid for at 65 cents per
Jay, would have cost the state
$70,843 a day.
;f POINT LOOKOUT j
o e
. POINT LOOKOUT. June 28.—
Rev. M. H. Dry filled his regular
appointment at the Mountain
Home church, Sunday evening at
8 o'clock. His text was taken
front Mark 5, 1-21. a good crowd
was present and a very inter
esting sermon was rendered.
Many from here attended the
singing at Union Hill, Sunday.
All reported that some fine sing
ing was heard.
Misses Katie, Louise Merrell
and Stella Hoots were supper
guests of Misses Mario and
C.ladys Laughter, Sunday even
ing.
People here are glad to learn
that Mr. Jerry Williams who
has been sick for several weeks
is able to be out again.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. William:?,
Visited Mr. and Mrs. Hezekiah
Spicer, Monday.
! Mr. O. T. Williams is vei*y ill.
All wish' for him a speedy re
covery.
Misses Lora Helle and Mfcud
elle Ruff of Mills Springs, was
in thik sections Sunday. *
1 Misses Lucilla and Freida Wil
liams visited at the home of Mr.
The Way to Make the World Better
Love (Io»l with all your heart, men loo,
And you will never know,
.lust, how men feel who arc unclean,
Though they be frienil or foe.
This is the way to make the world
From .sin and sorrow free;
And you, yourself, the very man,
Cod wants you now to be.
This is the way.to make this world
All chan from shore to shore;
Take care of self; do not be mean;
Sweep clean before your door.
With conscience clean, you then can feel
AH free from hellish n'jrht;
All mean on earth you then can face,
Because you know you're vight.
This is the way all men should live,
If they would heed that Voice,
Which makes them conscious they have made
In life the happy choice.
—WIIITKKOORD SMITH MAItTIN.
and Mrs. II. O. Case, last Wcd-|
nt'sdny evening.
Miss Gladys Hradley has ac
cepted a position in Asheville.
Mr. Kdgar McKillop, of Hal-J
four spent Friday night at the,
home of Mr. and Mrs. J. iI. Wil
liams.
Mrs. V. C. Stepp and daughter, j
Mary, visited the former's sis
ter, Mrs. Jesse Jones, Sunday.
A two weeks meeting will be
gin at the Mountain Home
church, Sunday night, July li.
Everybody is welcome to at-;
tend these services. The pastor j
of the church, Rev. M. H. Pry,'
will do the preaching for the;
first week then, with the help of
Rev. 11. O. Raker, from Wake,
Forest, the meeting will continue j
for a second week.
FLOOD IRRIGATION J
PROJECTS SPREAD
GREAT FALLS, Mont. (UP)
—More than 31,100 acros of
farm property in dry land sec
Lions of Montana now are untiei
flood control irrigation projects,
J. ('. Taylor of the Montana
Kxtonsion Service reports.
A start toward utilization of
spring flood waters for irriga-l
Lion purposes was made as early I
as 1 !»!!>, but it was not until i
and 1 !>;?0 that the system
came into general use.
In the last two years more
than 10,000 acres of land have
utilized the method in nine toun-j
!ies.
(READ THE STORY, THEN COLOR THE PICTURE)
^vNE of (he little serpent men
^ bowed low ami then lie bowed
ngain. "We heard the magic Ilute
call," he exclaimed. "That's why
we're here.
"In danger all you lads must be.
We've come lv help you. I'lease
k*ll me just what the trouble is.
There may not be a thing to tear!"
Wee Dun*y answered, "You are
right. We're really in an awful
plight. 1 was the one who blew
the flute and, gery I'm glad you
came.
"A friend of ours fs missing,
nt/w. We have to rescue her, some
how. Just think how frightened
phe must he. It really is a shame!"
* * *
UrkON'T Jet excitc'.v said the
man. "hut tell us, plainly as
you can, just wh re we'll lind your
little friend. Then we'll know what
to do."
"Her name is Dotty," Scouty
cried. "A tree grabbed her and ra:«
to hide. If you are going to light
the tree, we'll gladly'go with you."
"IIo, ho!" The serpent man
laughed long. "Je that the only
jthing that's wrong? It must have
been the crazy oak that's alway*
! pulling tricks.
"That tree's a nuisance. Yes,
'siree! It's just as mean as it can
be. When we get through with It,
it will be in an awful fix!"
• * *
A-ND then he shouted, "Come on,
~ men! We're on our merry way
again. Re sure and" have your
hatchets ready. We may have to
fight.
I "We'll chop the tree down, If we
can." Then through the woods the
whole bunch ran. "Oh, gee," walled
little Duncy, "I hope this turns out
all right."
They found the tree, not far
away, and Windy'promptly cried,
"Hurray! It sti'.l is holding Dotty.
Hurry, please! Begin to chop!"
The serpent men all sailed right
in and shortly one said, with a grin,
"We're going to keep on hacking
till we make the big tree drop."
'Copyright, NBA Service, Inc.)
(Dotty is rescued in the next
story.)
8EHINDTME SCENES IN.r . ,
WASUINQTON
BY RODNEY DITCHER
•\K.\ Srrvlic Writer
tr/'ASIIINGTON.— Roosevelt's sud
" 11 11 appointment of a special
Industrial Recovery Hoard followed
urgent representations from ele
ments of hot It capital and labor
that alarmingly enormous power
over the national destiny was be
ing left in the lap of Administra
tor Hugli-S. Johnson.
Tlie president was goins off on
« vacation at the critical time
when tlie Industrial Recovery Act
set-tip was to be organized. So lie
conceded tlie point, naming live cab
inet members, the budget director
and (Jeneral Johnson to ill" hoard
—which is to co-operate with John
son, rather than supervise him.
Furious undercover activity in
volving key posts in the new recov
ery administration had been in
progress many days before the
signing of the act.
Although organization charts call
for equal ami fair representation
of industry and labor, some jobs—
especially those of deputy admin
istrators who must rule on contro
versies—are the objects of wide
spread wire-pulling and intrigue.
There's no lack of con(id< nee in
the general. The willingness ol
both capital and labor to accept
him and to recognize his im
partiality and good faith has been
amazing. Hut as the folks mo>(
concerned begun to comprehend tin
vast one-man power he would liav<
Over industry some et' them began
to get the jitters.
* * «
fpilR contractors, who only did £
SI,500,000,000 business last year
.•ire naturallv excited over the pros
PC*1 live expenditure of $3,.100,(Ktrt,
000 for public works within two
years. Some hoon!
J hit many of them arc also wor
ried over probable price rises,
! wondering how safely they can
| make intvanre commitments at a
time when there's little disposition
to tell far ahead on the basis of
'existing prices.
♦ * . "**:1
^ *
/"■EKTAIN senators ninthly
J urged Koosevelt t<> appoint;'a
congressional advisory cummit{«d
whit h would stay on the jol» *«lifr
ing the next six vititl months of
1 In* recovery program
They argued that his responsi
bility was too great for. any sini-le
living man, that Coiiyress should
be allowed to help work the' pro
gram out, that the White lfoti?a
should be kept advised of tho sen
timent of Congress, while it was
s<att< red over ti t- country and that
'such a committee cmild redue* '
cliaiKts of serrous cla. lit l>otween
thf executive, and th«- i 1.11ure
' later on. ^
Hut Roosevelt and his advi < u
f were unimpressed.
* ♦ •
rpiIK lobhyi.tr, will rtay on the
[ Joh. their numbers greatly in
'creased by the many new relation#
which !l,s» f.d ial government I1A1
wit 11 industry ami agriculture. '
result is t') stiffen local puicha#>
in^ power.
One of the a si (■•»» lobbyists in
the um ucces ful "power trust" bat
tle to keep the tli.eo per cent.
; electricity tax from l*iug shifted
from con unit r it) producer was re
ceiving S&O a day plus liberal ex*
, pcnst'8.
) ii'inivriirht. Ilil!" N'E.i gervlc*. tnc.i
| DO YOU KNOW HIM?
HORIZO VPAIa
1 W lut Ih (he in :i >4
In Oi«* |il«"l llfi* f
14 KIihI of cunrnc
ft If.
jr»'rii«* i*u|b<*'M
(rl|il«t vruwn.
HI 'I ii wiiuder
n bout.
17 Dunk«*y-llke
iK-llht.
18 Devoured.
lit Two IIvcm.
-O An KnulUli
iiulhor.
'££ Tran«{iiirrn!.
-:i I'liriliiR.
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nkli li krrpx up
ilie clrrulntl'jii
(if lilt' Mood.
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liy 'urguineMt.
34 To cut oir im
U Mailable.
as To divert.
Juck«y.
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:i» Mum uliiir
pronoun.
40 Material con
xlstiiiK of
Krulu. Huflciii'd '
by i*ijiim.
UWIiLi In Ike
capital of the
AXKWKIt TO I'lii:\ IOI N 1*1/,/.1.1;
country which
l lie maii In Hie
picture ucivfuf
17 To (inunc.
II Hull!
li umor.
>:t ai*o.
,4 A Nli'i p
ravine.
M To arrive nt.
;H l.arice room
wlier^ kcIiooI
t-xu mlnii (Ioiih
lire hrliL.
IV Kimt imnir of
l he man whom*
former iionIIIoii
I lie in a n In th*
picture now
holdw.
ti<) IjihI n>ihip of
i lv j»ani«• iniiii.
VRHTICAI,
I ARC*.
II To kiiiaoh liy
collision.
It ll?in,».
t AlMtr.
itlulit.
Ii I '.'icc of II clock.
7 IJcMcrl fruit.
X HckIoii.
Ii Minor iiutr.
10 Doctor (:il»lir.|.
11 \ very niiiiiII
(luiintity.
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lh<> mini In lk<
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■IO NUM'Ulllif,
•II lirerd;*.
42 Open I'otlua
fniirle.
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411 Itriillriiii
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- THIS CURIOUS WORLD -
• NOT UNTTL
SCO Y£AP^ AGO
WAS IT KNOWN THAT
the blood C/&COLAT£S/
UNTIL WILLIAM
HARVEY A\ADE HIS
GREAT DISCOVER^
THE WORLD DID NOT
UNDERSTAND THE
RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN
BREATHING AND
THE BEATING OF
THE- HEART/
SOMF. THOUGHT THE
3LOOD WAS THE
SOUL ITS-ELF./
OF THE UNITEO
\ STATES" USE ABOOT
Av j/odo i as.
OF GO'S ANNUALLY / /
V.' \ fOR >aCTH ANO 7
.NV\ FILLINGS. /,
WHEN A CLIFF SWALLOW DIES
IN ITS NEST-CAVE, THE ENTRANCE
IS WALLED Uf> BY OTHER SWALLOWS.
WILLIAM IIARVEY did not publish his great discovery of the
ti.culation of the blood for some years after ho Actually discov
ered lie was fearful of the ridloule that he knew would be
heaped upon him, but the delay did not save him from the taunts
of a skeptical world. Many years elaMed beforw his theory w»S
universally accepted^ • * > |
*b»
A ioodrv

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